CN201239980Y - Apparatus for separating bark and marrow of Cycas revoluta - Google Patents

Apparatus for separating bark and marrow of Cycas revoluta Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201239980Y
CN201239980Y CNU2008201483220U CN200820148322U CN201239980Y CN 201239980 Y CN201239980 Y CN 201239980Y CN U2008201483220 U CNU2008201483220 U CN U2008201483220U CN 200820148322 U CN200820148322 U CN 200820148322U CN 201239980 Y CN201239980 Y CN 201239980Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
marrow
bark
roller
tree
pith
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201483220U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李策
李海龙
李华珺
曹明中
李昂
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Henan Tianguan Group Co Ltd
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Henan Tianguan Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008201483220U priority Critical patent/CN201239980Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201239980Y publication Critical patent/CN201239980Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a device for separating bark and pith of a sand Chinese holly. The device comprises a trunk conveyor, a bark moving and pith fetching machine, a bark conveyor and a pith powder conveying mechanism, wherein, the bark moving and pith fetching machine is provided with a case body installed on a frame body; an upper pressure feed roll arranged in the upper row and a lower pressure feed roll and a pith scraping roll arranged in the lower row are respectively laid in the case body; the upper pressure feed roll and the lower pressure feed roll are respectively connected and interlocked through roll shafts with a chain drive part and a driving motor arranged on the two sides of the outer part of the case body; and the pith scraping roll is directly driven by a dedicated motor. The device can directly finish the manufacturing of pith powder and the bark at the same time when the bark is moved and the pith is scraped; the bark is fully reserved and can be used as formwork materials for building; and the pith-free rate is high, thereby increasing the added value of the sand Chinese holly. The device has the advantages of reasonable structure, simple operation, high work efficiency of bark removing and pith fetching, high pith-free rate, low work intensity and the like, saves labor and time, and can meet the requirements of mass production.

Description

A kind of husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the forestry machinery technical field of processing equipment, especially for the husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator of husky Scrap-of-wood tree peeling in the torrid zone and the pulverizing of tree marrow starch.
Background technology
Husky Scrap-of-wood tree is the Indonesian transliteration title of sago cycas, and many appellations such as " sago cycas ", " cycad ", " west fruit ", " sago " are arranged again, and the U.S. is referred to as " sago ", this Pterostyrax gymnosperm, and Cycadaceae, aiphyllium, trunk is single, not branch.Mainly be distributed in the torrid zone, subtropical zones such as the east Asia and the southeast, Oceania and Madagascar, the husky Scrap-of-wood tree that still possesses forestry planting scale and industrialness felling value distributes and has only island countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia.The characteristics of this tree are the hard flexibles of crust, and the tree marrow divides starch-containingly, and soft matter is crisp, and the local resident is a raw-food material with the starch of this tree, and its fair and clear cunning is glutinous, and is nutritious, and bark has advantages such as densification, tough and tensile, corrosion resistant, is used for local domestic architecture material more.The traditional processing method of husky Scrap-of-wood tree is the trunk under cutting down to be struck repeatedly with wooden stick pound, and it is broken that its tree marrow is shaken, and it is edible to take out the tree marrow, and bark is directly as building a house roofing.In recent years, the industrial use of this tree was continually developed utilization, and cultivated area enlarges rapidly, and industrial consumption also increases sharply.But because this tree is as the raw material of large-scale industrial production, also be in the original developing stage of industrial production, simultaneously because common employed timber peeling machine, be that crust with trunk removes, keep inner hard timber, crust then becomes slag charge to be abandoned, and can't be used for the processing operation that husky Scrap-of-wood tree peeling is got marrow at all.As the industrialness production and processing method, be to adopt the extrusion equipment segmentation to push repeatedly at present, marrow to be set becomes soft and afterwards takes out.This peeling mode not only operating efficiency is extremely low, and labour intensity is very big, can not carry out large-scale production, and tree marrow bark peels off unonly, and intracutaneous tree marrow is residual too many, and the wasting of resources is bigger.Up to now, also there is not a kind of mechanical peeling machine can satisfy the needs of the large-scale production of husky Scrap-of-wood bark marrow separation.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides and a kind ofly is suitable for husky Scrap-of-wood tree peeling and gets marrow processing, and dependable performance, peeling efficient height, walnut hulling rate height, labour intensity is low, energy consumption is low and can carry out the husky Scrap-of-wood tree of scale quantity-produced bark tree marrow separator.
Realize that the technical scheme that the purpose of this utility model is taked is: this device is by the trunk conveyer, peeling and taking marrow machine, bark conveyer and marrow powder conveying mechanism are formed, the trunk conveyer is positioned at the feed end of peeling and taking marrow machine, the bark conveyer is positioned at the bark port of export of peeling and taking marrow machine, marrow powder conveying mechanism is installed in the bottom of peeling and taking marrow machine, wherein, peeling and taking marrow facility have a casing that is installed on the support body, be laid with the last mip rolls of the row of being installed in the casing respectively and be installed in down row's lower nip roll and scrape the marrow roller, last mip rolls is connected also interlock by chain driving member and the drive motors that roll shaft and casing both sides external are provided with respectively with lower nip roll, scrapes the marrow roller by independent supporting motor-driven.
The trunk guiding roller of vertically-arranged is equipped with at the charging aperture position of described peeling and taking marrow box body,
Described lower nip roll and to scrape the marrow roller corresponding one by one respectively with last mip rolls, and be one group with two rollers of correspondence up and down, the spacing distance in every group between two rollers reduces successively from trunk feed end to bark output.
Described scrape the marrow roller be not laid in down row import, the outlet position second roller position, its excircle has scrapes the marrow teeth.
The described corresponding position of scraping the marrow roller is provided with the bath member that is used to scrub this roller.
All have the force feed teeth on the excircle of described lower nip roll and last mip rolls.
Described lower nip roll, go up mip rolls and scrape the marrow roller and adopt recessed lumbar shape, cylindrical, oval and dolioform structure respectively, wherein, sending end from trunk feed end to bark respectively organizes the structure of roller and be respectively: first group is adopted recessed lumbar shape to go up mip rolls and cylindrical lower nip roll fit structure; Second group is adopted last mip rolls of recessed lumbar shape and ellipse to scrape marrow roller fit structure; The 3rd group is adopted recessed lumbar shape to go up mip rolls and dolioform lower nip roll fit structure; Four, six groups are adopted cylindrical mip rolls and the cylindrical lower nip roll fit structure gone up, and the 5th group is adopted cylindrical mip rolls and the cylindrical marrow roller fit structure of scraping gone up.
The two ends of the roll shaft of described first group and the 3rd group lower nip roll are respectively equipped with the elastic force regulating part.
Described marrow powder conveying mechanism has a marrow powder delivery chute that is communicated with casing, and the auger that is used to advance the marrow powder is housed in the groove, and an end of groove is provided with discharging opening.
Husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator of the present utility model can directly finish the processing of tree marrow fine powder and bark when marrow is scraped in peeling, and the bark reservation is complete, can be used as the building form material, and the tree marrow is got clean rate height, can improve the added value of husky Scrap-of-wood tree.That these facility have is rational in infrastructure, simple to operate, peeling and taking marrow production efficiency height, walnut hulling rate height, saving of labor, save time, advantage such as labour intensity is low, can satisfy large-scale production.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the external structure schematic diagram of peeling and taking marrow machine among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is first group of structural representation that roller cooperates among Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is second group of structural representation that roller cooperates among Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the 3rd group of structural representation that roller cooperates among Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the 5th group of structural representation that roller cooperates among Fig. 1;
The structural representation of trunk guiding roller among Fig. 8 Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator of the present utility model, be by trunk conveyer 1, peeling and taking marrow machine 2, bark conveyer 3 and tree marrow conveying mechanism 4 are formed, trunk conveyer 1 is positioned at the feed end of peeling and taking marrow machine 2, this feed end is equipped with the trunk guiding roller 2-4 (referring to Fig. 8) of two vertically-arrangeds, distance between the two trunks guiding roller 2-4 can be adjusted according to the size of trunk diameter, under its guide effect, trunk can be entered the peeling station of peeling and taking marrow machine 2 swimmingly by trunk conveyer 1, and bark conveyer 3 is positioned at the bark port of export of peeling and taking marrow machine 2.Peeling and taking marrow machine 2 has a casing 2a who is installed on the support body 2-7, in casing 2a, two row's rollers are housed respectively by axle bed, arrange wherein and be provided with last mip rolls 2-1 more than at least 3, under arrange and be provided with lower nip roll 2-3 and at least 2 and scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5, lower nip roll 2-3 and scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 is corresponding up and down one by one respectively with last mip rolls 2-1, cooperate in pairs, its quantity can increase or reduce according to the length of processing trunk and the size of diameter, trunk is long or diameter is thick, when tree marrow scraping amount is big, can increase the quantity of each roller, otherwise then can suitably reduce the quantity of roller.Last mip rolls 2-1, lower nip roll 2-3 are connected (see figure 3) by the external part of roll shaft with chain driving member 2-9 respectively, and under the drive of drive motors 2-11,2-13, rotate in the same way synchronously respectively, the direction of rotation of last mip rolls 2-1 and lower nip roll 2-3, realize moving of trunk by its extrusion friction power thus, scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and then drive by supporting separately motor 2-10,2-12 respectively, be convenient to independent control its rotation direction and rotating speed.Marrow powder conveying mechanism 4 is installed in the bottom of peeling and taking marrow machine 2 casing 2a, has a marrow powder delivery chute 4-2 who is communicated with casing 2a, and the auger 4-1 that is used to advance the marrow powder is housed in the groove, and auger 4-1 drives by auger motor 4-3.One end of marrow powder conveying mechanism 4 is provided with discharging opening 4-4.This peeling and taking marrow machine 2 can will be set marrow 5 and bark 6 clean separating by extruding with scraping, and will set marrow 5 direct striking powdering finished products, can guarantee that the complete nothing of bark 6 is damaged simultaneously.
Lower nip roll 2-3 and scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and last mip rolls 2-1 is one group with two rollers of corresponding matching up and down, spacing distance in every group between two rollers 6 is sent end and is reduced successively from the trunk feed end to bark, peel off gradually at tree marrow 5, bark 6 flattens gradually, in the ironed process, remain the extruding force equilibrium of respectively organizing roller.Simultaneously, have at least the two ends of the roll shaft of two lower nip roll 2-3 to be respectively equipped with elastic force regulating part 2-8 (see figure 2), elastic force regulating part 2-8 can be made up of the spring, spring base and the alignment pin that are arranged on the bearing block bottom, lower nip roll 2-3 can be fluctuated, keeping its moderate degree of pressure, and prevent the phenomenon that gets stuck.
Scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and lower nip roll 2-3 alternately, the two-end part of peeling and taking marrow machine 2 has been arranged a lower nip roll 2-3 at least.All have the force feed teeth on the excircle of lower nip roll 2-3 and last mip rolls 2-1, to increase its force feed frictional force, scraping marrow roller 2-2,2-5 excircle, to have cross section be the jagged marrow teeth of scraping, and can directly scrape powdering through the tree marrow 5 of extruding.In order to prevent that the teeth slot part of scraping marrow roller 2-2,2-5 from being stopped up by the marrow powder, influence its shaving effect, with two scrape the corresponding position of marrow roller and be respectively equipped with bath member 2-6, be used for the process of scraping clearly and wash by water continuously, teeth are scrubbed cleaning.Like this, make trunk pass through push-just to scrape-push-scrape clearly again-push, both can improve stripping and scrape efficient, can scrape tree marrow 5 completely clearly again, simultaneously that bark 6 extruding are open and flat, be convenient to building roof and use.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, lower nip roll 2-3, go up mip rolls 2-1 and scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and adopt recessed lumbar shape, cylindrical, oval and dolioform structure respectively, to adapt to the change of shape of trunk in force feed, scraping process.Sending end from trunk feed end to bark respectively organizes the structure of roller and be respectively: first group is in trunk and is top for semicircle, the semi-cylindrical position on plane, city, bottom, thereby adopt recessed lumbar shape to go up mip rolls 2-1 and cylindrical lower nip roll 2-3 fit structure; Second group is in trunk top and is arc surfaced, and carries out the position of just scraping, thereby goes up mip rolls 2-1 and adopt recessed lumbar shape, and to adopt the vertical section be oval-shaped structure to the marrow roller 2-2 that scrapes that cooperates with it; The 3rd group is in tree marrow 5 and has scraped off big portion, and trunk is arcuation, and the position that need to flatten, and last mip rolls 2-1 adopts recessed lumbar shape structure, and the lower nip roll 2-3 employing vertical section that cooperates with it is dolioform structure; The the 4th and six group is adopted cylindrical mip rolls 2-1 of going up and cylindrical lower nip roll 2-3 fit structure, flattens so that will have bark 6 extruding of a small amount of tree marrow; The 5th group is that tree marrow 5 is scraped clearly, so adopt and cylindrical mip rolls 2-1 of going up and the cylindrical marrow roller 2-5 fit structure of scraping.
When husky Scrap-of-wood tree is carried out the peeling and taking powder, can earlier husky Scrap-of-wood tree to be processed be divided into groups according to diameter and length, cut away half, and according to its diameter and length adjust the mip rolls group and scrape the quantity and the lower nip roll 2-3 of marrow roller group and scrape marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and last mip rolls 2-1 between distance, start trunk conveyer 1, peeling and taking marrow machine 2, tree marrow conveying mechanism 4 and bark conveyer 3 then, the trunk cutting plane continued down to be placed on the trunk conveyer 1, enters peeling and taking marrow station successively under the guiding of the drive of trunk conveyer 1 and trunk guiding roller 2-4.Because it is harder and pliable and tough that husky Scrap-of-wood trunk has a bark 6, tree marrow 5 is softer and thin crisp, thereby in the process that on station, moves of trunk, organize the extruding of going up mip rolls 2-1 and lower nip roll 2-3 by each, make tree marrow 5 produce deformation, scrape easily and be whittled into powder, and bark 6 is progressively flattened.Simultaneously, because two-stage scrapes marrow roller 2-2,2-5 and all have comparatively fine and closely woven teeth, thereby can directly scrape and be whittled into powder.The tree marrow powder that comes off falls in the delivery chute 4-2 of tree marrow conveying mechanism 4, and is discharged by discharging opening 4-4 under the impetus of screw feeder 4-1.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator, it is characterized in that: this device is by the trunk conveyer, peeling and taking marrow machine, bark conveyer and marrow powder conveying mechanism are formed, the trunk conveyer is positioned at the feed end of peeling and taking marrow machine, the bark conveyer is positioned at the bark port of export of peeling and taking marrow machine, marrow powder conveying mechanism is installed in the bottom of peeling and taking marrow machine, wherein, peeling and taking marrow facility have a casing that is installed on the support body, be laid with the last mip rolls of the row of being installed in the casing respectively and be installed in down row's lower nip roll and scrape the marrow roller, last mip rolls is connected also interlock by chain driving member and the drive motors that roll shaft and casing both sides external are provided with respectively with lower nip roll, scrapes the marrow roller and is directly driven by motor special.
2, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the charging aperture position of described peeling and taking marrow box body is provided with trunk guiding roller.
3, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lower nip roll and to scrape the marrow roller corresponding one by one respectively with last mip rolls, and be one group with two corresponding up and down rollers, the spacing distance in every group between two rollers reduces successively from trunk feed end to bark output.
4, according to claim 1 or 3 described husky Scrap-of-wood tree barks tree marrow separators, it is characterized in that: described scrape the marrow roller be not laid in down row's import, export the position second roller position, its excircle has scrapes the marrow teeth.
5, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the described corresponding position of scraping the marrow roller is provided with the bath member that is used to scrub this roller.
6, according to claim 1 or 3 described husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separators, it is characterized in that: all have the force feed teeth on the excircle of described lower nip roll and last mip rolls.
7, according to claim 1 or 3 described husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separators, it is characterized in that: described lower nip roll, go up mip rolls and scrape the marrow roller and adopt recessed lumbar shape, cylindrical, oval and dolioform structure respectively, wherein, sending end from trunk feed end to bark respectively organizes the structure of roller and be respectively: first group is adopted recessed lumbar shape to go up mip rolls and cylindrical lower nip roll fit structure; Second group is adopted last mip rolls of recessed lumbar shape and ellipse to scrape marrow roller fit structure; The 3rd group is adopted recessed lumbar shape to go up mip rolls and dolioform lower nip roll fit structure; Four, six groups are adopted cylindrical mip rolls and the cylindrical lower nip roll fit structure gone up, and the 5th group is adopted cylindrical mip rolls and the cylindrical marrow roller fit structure of scraping gone up.
8, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the two ends of the roll shaft of described first group and the 3rd group lower nip roll are respectively equipped with the elastic force regulating part.
9, husky Scrap-of-wood tree bark tree marrow separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described marrow powder conveying mechanism has a marrow powder delivery chute that is communicated with casing, and the auger that is used to advance the marrow powder is housed in the groove, and an end of groove is provided with discharging opening.
CNU2008201483220U 2008-08-04 2008-08-04 Apparatus for separating bark and marrow of Cycas revoluta Expired - Fee Related CN201239980Y (en)

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CNU2008201483220U CN201239980Y (en) 2008-08-04 2008-08-04 Apparatus for separating bark and marrow of Cycas revoluta

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112405753A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-02-26 德清汇成木业有限公司 Peeling device for raw materials of vine products
CN115609710A (en) * 2022-10-11 2023-01-17 江西德上制药股份有限公司 Method and device for preparing and processing phellodendron slices

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112405753A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-02-26 德清汇成木业有限公司 Peeling device for raw materials of vine products
CN115609710A (en) * 2022-10-11 2023-01-17 江西德上制药股份有限公司 Method and device for preparing and processing phellodendron slices

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20090520

Termination date: 20160804