Three, utility model content:
The utility model provides a kind of composite environment-friendly type wall heat insulation material in order to solve the weak point in the above-mentioned background technology, its good heat preservation performance, and high resistance to compression, water absorption rate is low, protection against the tide, fire prevention, light weight, corrosion-resistant, super anti-aging, can use for a long time, and be environment-friendly type, recyclable utilization again.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of composite environment-friendly type wall heat insulation material, heat insulating material places wall outer side, it is characterized in that: heat insulating material comprises synthetic insulating layer, grid layer of cloth, waterproof cured layer from inside to outside successively, is adhesive linkage between synthetic insulating layer and the body of wall.
Above-mentioned synthetic insulating layer is an inanimate matter microballon class isolation layer; constitute by boundary layer, insulation layer, cracking resistance topping and finish coat successively from inside to outside; wherein boundary layer is a boundary mortar; insulation layer is an inanimate matter microballon class heat preserving and insulating material; the cracking resistance topping is made of anti-crack and anti-seepage mortar, alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth and elasticity subbing from inside to outside successively; finish coat is made of fire-resistant putty of flexibility and surface layer from inside to outside successively, and surface layer is coating or face brick.
Above-mentioned synthetic insulating layer is inanimate matter and organic compound heat-insulation layer; constitute by boundary layer, insulation layer, cracking resistance topping and finish coat successively from inside to outside; wherein boundary layer is a boundary mortar; insulation layer is SPS warming plate, XPS warming plate and inanimate matter microballon class composite insulation boards; the cracking resistance topping is made of first pass anticracking grout, galvanizing steel mesh and second time anticracking grout from inside to outside successively; first pass anticracking grout and galvanizing steel mesh are used rivet and body of wall rivet clasp simultaneously, and finish coat is made of face brick and dinging.
Above-mentioned waterproof cured layer is outward an architectural surface.
Star-shaped or the full coat formula layout of the stickup face of above-mentioned adhesive linkage.
The stickup face of above-mentioned adhesive linkage is that integral body is wiped one's face.
Compared with prior art, the advantage and the effect that the utlity model has are as follows:
1, increases the effective usable floor area in house,, can increase house usable floor area 3%-5%, improve the overall economic efficiency in house because insulation layer places the external side of exterior wall.Insulation layer places outer body of wall inboard, has improved the house usable floor area equally relatively because of insulation layer is thin.
2, energy-saving effect is remarkable; since adopted the very low inanimate matter of coefficient of thermal conductivity (microballon class) heat insulating mortar or with the extrusion molding polystyrol plastic foam plate complex with monolithic architecture thing bag; eliminated cold bridge; the protection body of wall is not subjected to extraneous invasion and attack; having reduced air, wind and wet steam invades; stablized internal environment, reduced thermal shock, realized cool in summer and warm in winter building.Polymer copolymerization resin elastic water-proof coating in this system has been avoided the building body owing to ooze in the rainwater that cracking of wall surface causes with its elastomeric property simultaneously, has guaranteed waterproof and long-term heat insulation effect.
3, protection main body; remedy defect; outer insulation makes the building body influenced by ambient temperature and produces the crack distortion, damaged danger greatly alleviates; general crack can not influence the overall performance of these series of products; because soft extruded sheet with favorable elasticity has absorbed the displacement that the crack produces; and the crack is to be wrapped in the elastic water proofing paint the inside, so appearance is not had crackle again and the part of leaking.
4, abundant building external form can utilize extrusion molding to make various building line angles, do cornice, gadgets such as exterior window trim, stringcourse, FRP Columns, for the architect provides the broad space, its economy is convenient to application property simultaneously, the far away victory ' in member and cast-in-place.
5, be used for old housing reform and make, can satisfy energy-conservation requirement, again can be according to imagination, Renewal Design is completely made in external sight to original building audaciously, and old room is taken on an entirely new look.Because construction is the building outside, so do not influence resident's normal life.
6, select quality material for use, guarantee that the life-span is permanent.Selecting for use the polymer copolymerization emulsions body rubber cement of import to carry out technical performance such as the bonding of system and face water resistance, freeze-thaw resistance, compression shear strength, hot strength and the contrast of other binding material all has a clear superiority in, is that mass of system is stable, reliable, permanent basic assurance of life-span.
7; inanimate matter in the inanimate matter isolation layer (microballon class) heat insulating mortar is (to comprise expanded and vitrified small ball by inanimate matter microballon class particulate material; closed-cell expanded perlite; float pearl etc.); inorganic fibre class material (comprises sepiolite; shepardite etc.) (comprise quick hardening sulphoaluminate cement with the inanimate matter cementitious material; Portland cement etc.); (it act as thickening through additive; modification) after the effect; constitute a kind of new compositions; make it have excellent thermal and insulating performance; strong adhesion; versatility is good; with various body of wall (brick walls; concrete wall etc.) and the SPS warming plate; the XPS warming plate has very strong affinity, and easy construction; fast.
Five, the specific embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1, heat insulating material places body of wall 1 outside, comprises adhesive linkage 2, synthetic insulating layer 3, grid layer of cloth 4, waterproof cured layer 5 from inside to outside successively, architectural surface 6.Referring to Fig. 2; inanimate matter (microballon class) isolation layer is made of boundary layer 7, insulation layer 8, cracking resistance topping 9 and finish coat 10 from inside to outside successively; wherein boundary layer 7 is a boundary mortar; insulation layer 8 is an inanimate matter microballon class heat preserving and insulating material; cracking resistance topping 9 is made of anti-crack and anti-seepage mortar, alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth and elasticity subbing from inside to outside successively; finish coat 10 is made of fire-resistant putty of flexibility and surface layer from inside to outside successively, and surface layer is coating or face brick.Referring to Fig. 3; inanimate matter and organic compound heat-insulation layer are made of boundary layer 11, insulation layer 12, cracking resistance topping 13 and finish coat 14 from inside to outside successively; wherein boundary layer 11 is a boundary mortar; insulation layer 12 is SPS warming plate, XPS warming plate and inanimate matter microballon class composite insulation boards; cracking resistance topping 13 is made of first pass anticracking grout, galvanizing steel mesh and second time anticracking grout from inside to outside successively; first pass anticracking grout and galvanizing steel mesh are used rivet and body of wall rivet clasp simultaneously, and finish coat 14 is made of face brick and dinging.The star-shaped layout of the stickup face of adhesive linkage 2, the stickup face of adhesive linkage 2 also can be that integral body is wiped one's face.Adhesive linkage 2 uses the high strength bonding rubber cement, formulated by macromolecule polymer material, mix in proportion with Portland cement at the scene, be mixed with polymer bonding mortar, be used at the fixing extruded sheet of basic unit surface of wall bonding, have excellent adhesion strength, be enough to guarantee the extrusion molding bonding firmly.Extruded polystyrene foam flitch adopts high density XPS extruded polystyrene foamed plastic, and normal the use down do not have harm to environment, and light weight is heat insulation, can be cut into various sizes and shape.Alkaline-resisting plastic-coated glass fiber reticular cloth is through special braiding and processing, and the alkaline-resisting coating of surface applied has hot strength and permanent life-span preferably.Imbed in the middle of the rubber cement mixture, can obtain surface continuously, can prevent external crack, improve its impact resistance, be divided into standard type and reinforced.The high strength macromolecule anticracking rubber cement of wiping one's face is the formulated high strength of a kind of macromolecule polymer material anticracking rubber cement of wiping one's face, mixing the back preparation in proportion with Portland cement at the scene forms, very easily floating, be used to paste glass fiber net or zinc-plated steel mesh and floating external surface.Veneer coating is selected senior acrylic acid elastic water proofing paint or the true mineral varnish series of pure acrylic acid for use, and its elasticity and water-proof function had both made whole exterior wall surface obtain decorative effect preferably, can guarantee the safety of system again.Holdfast is used for reinforced external thermal insulation system and plays the mechanical fixation interconnect function.
During practice of construction, operate according to the following steps:
1) body of wall is handled
1, carry out the cleaning work of foundation wall face on body of wall, the bonding materials of influence such as the greasy dirt of surface of wall, floating ash, release agent, curing fluid capable need clean up.
2, should do for the position of loosening on basic unit's body of wall or weathering and pick cutter and handle, when carrying out reducing energy consumption, should at first original exterior wall finish layer thoroughly be removed, expose firm basic unit's surface of wall for existing building.
2) material is prepared:
1, the preparation of bonding rubber cement: bonding adhesive and the Portland cement mixing ratio by weight by 1: 1 is stirred with agitator.According to climatic condition, can add clear water in right amount.
2, the preparation of inanimate matter (microballon class) heat insulating mortar: this mortar is mixed into slurry with water (1: 1 or 1: 1.5) at the construction field (site) directly smears.
3, the preparation of extruded sheet: standard size should be used in general position as far as possible, and (extruded sheet of 1200mm * 600mm) for the extruded sheet that the special shape requirement is arranged, the electricity consumption hot wire cutter to carry out cutting processing.
4, the preparation of grid cloth: according to face condition cutting grid cloth.The compound method of finishing mucilage is with the bonding rubber cement.
3) the sticking bag grid cloth of turning over:
The bag grid that turns over that 250mm is wide is bonded at the door and window hole outside, about the air-conditioning plate, and the termination position of extruded sheets such as both sides, shrinkage joint, parapet, adhesion width 〉=65mm.
4) stickup of extruded sheet
1, according to insulation layer and bonding rubber cement thickness at exterior wall people angle vertical line, according to door and window hole two side verticality and door jamb insulation thickness overhang-door window opening mouth vertical line, establish the deformation joint wide line at the deformation joint bullet as required.
2, sticking extruded sheet adopts the sticking method of point, smears width 50mm, thickness 10mm rubber cement band around every on-gauge plate, evenly lays the glue point of 8 thick 5mm～10mm, diameter 10cm in the middle of plate.As be sketch plate, intermediate point can reduce as one sees fit, but generally should not be less than 4.
3, sticking extruded sheet should will have planker on following below low laminate, glides to avoid plate.
4, smear earlier rubber cement during haftplatte onboard, evenly rubbed pressure on the wall with plate is sticking then, and with the smooth and verticality of 2m guiding ruler inspection.The laminate fissure of displacement is pasted up and down, wants wrong stubble splicing in metope negative and positive angular position.Piece at door and window hole place plate will leave more than the 200mm with door and window hole.
5, paste extruded sheet as need at window opening oral-lateral wall, window opening mouth place will guarantee that a door frame window frame exposes consistent about width, levels window frame and exposes the width unanimity.
6, adhesive aggregation benzene hardens behind the bundle, and inspection plate seam width will be with the extrusion molding lath stuff up a crack that cuts greater than the plate seam of 1.5mm; The metope big angle will guarantee that with the door and window hole place Founder at negative and positive angle is with vertical.
7, dispose as the slit and glued plate 24 hours, the circle polishing will be gently drawn in promptly available special-purpose wood float polishing during polishing, for plate seam both sides will polishing flat of error arranged just.
5) stickup of grid cloth and finishing mucilage
1, after polishing finishes, begins to paste grid cloth, turn over the bag grid cloth with the bonding rubber cement and scrape floating whole.
2, after window opening oral area position glued and turns over the bag grid cloth, four jiaos of places respectively pressed a block length 400mm, width and the identical grid cloth of window opening oral-lateral wall insulating sections width at jamb.The grid cloth that oblique 45 degree in adjacent bight are pasted a 200mm * 300mm is again located for four jiaos in the hole on metope.
3, handle thin portion such as window opening mouth after, beginning is scraped the daub slurry in the above and is laid grid cloth; Earlier scrape the first floor rubber cement in that the plate surface is thin, the grid cloth that in time on rubber cement, tiles then, and press with instruments such as wood float or scraper plates and to scrape grid cloth.The first floor rubber cement need not hide grid cloth.Adjacent two grid cloth must overlap, and lap width is not less than 65mm.Deformation joint will be pressed into grid cloth 50mm in the seam, is glued.At metope external corner place, the grid cloth of both sides must not disconnect in the bight or overlap joint, all must turn over the bight and could stop to another face wall 200mm.At the parapet end face, the standard grid cloth will be pasted more than the 65mm with rubber cement at wall top concrete surface.At the air louver place, grid cloth with lancinating into cross, is clung to the hole inwall with rubber cement, after being starched, the plastic pipe outside daub of having cut out length fills in the hole, and pipe end and plate face are flat.In aproll 2000mm altitude range, to glue shop one deck reinforcement grid cloth earlier, strengthen repaving surperficial standard grid cloth after grid cloth is scraped the moulding slurry.After first pass rubber cement and grid cloth had been constructed, rubber cement was scraped in beginning from bottom to top second time, and second time rubber cement will cover in grid cloth.Second time rubber cement scraped and wanted careful when smearing, and eliminates the trowel seal as far as possible.
6) installation of decoration
The decoration that processes is smeared the rubber cement that bonds, decoration is adhered on the wall by the method for pasting extruded sheet.For the decorative thread of groove metope insulation, can on polyphenyl plate, cut the bar of getting lines crossed with the groove device by drawing, the surplus of groove extruded sheet must not be less than 20mm except that thickness.Scrape the last layer finishing mucilage on the decoration surface, be pressed into grid cloth then, the grid cloth on the decoration is greater than the sealing creme and is squeezed in the seam, bonds together with heat-insulation system and foam rods.