CN104612261A - Method for external insulation construction of polystyrene board thin plastered surface in cold and windy area - Google Patents

Method for external insulation construction of polystyrene board thin plastered surface in cold and windy area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104612261A
CN104612261A CN201410815166.9A CN201410815166A CN104612261A CN 104612261 A CN104612261 A CN 104612261A CN 201410815166 A CN201410815166 A CN 201410815166A CN 104612261 A CN104612261 A CN 104612261A
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plate
grid cloth
construction
cloth
warming plate
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CN201410815166.9A
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Inventor
缪建国
艾明超
张山浩
赵建雷
柳云波
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Yongsheng Construction Group Co Ltd
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Yongsheng Construction Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410815166.9A priority Critical patent/CN104612261A/en
Publication of CN104612261A publication Critical patent/CN104612261A/en
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Abstract

A method for external insulation construction of a polystyrene board thin plastered surface in a cold and windy area is characterized by comprising the steps of construction preparation, base surface processing, designing, line snapping, fire barrier arrangement, surface dressing and polishing, sand plastering of a bottom layer, mortar laying of gridding cloth, plastered surface mortar pouring and on-site testing and detection, 1:3 cement mortar is adopted for plastering and leveling after interface processing is conducted on a base layer, a wall is designed and divided through line snapping, an EPS board is attached with specific adhesive glue and fixed to the wall of the base layer under the assistance of an anchor bolt, detail enhancement is conducted, anti-crack mortar composite glass fiber gridding cloth is used as a protecting layer, and coating or decoration mortar serves as an external layer. Aiming at the special weather of the cold and windy area, by means of bonding between the EPS board and the wall, combination of the external layer and joint processing technology improvement, construction quality is guaranteed, a heat insulation material layer and a thin plastered surface layer are combined firmly and stably, integrality is high, the heat insulation performance of the exterior wall is improved, building materials are saved, and construction time is shortened.

Description

The thin exterior wall heat-preserving construction method of wiping one's face of severe cold strong wind area polystyrene board
Technical field
The present invention relates to 04B buildings in general structure; Wall, such as, partitions; Roof; Floor; Ceiling; Isolated or other protection of building, the especially thin exterior wall heat-preserving construction method of wiping one's face of severe cold strong wind area polystyrene board.E04B buildings in general constructs; Wall, such as, partitions; Roof; Floor; Ceiling; Isolated or other protection of building
Background technology
Existing conventional non-bearing insulating board for building, based on polystyrene board, surface bonding strength is poor, not only easy in work progress injured surface, and it is also slightly inferior with the bond strength of surface of wall layer, construction the later stage often show globality and fastness shortcoming deficiency, directly affect construction speed.
Middle latitude hinterland, belongs to typical temperate continental climate.Be characterized in: cold and heat most diverse, dry and rainless, spring and autumn, monsoon was many and large, and maximum wind velocity reaches 42m/S, and accumulative average Windy Days is 64.5 days; Summer in the winter temperature difference is large, and Annual lowest climate temperature is-40.5 DEG C, and the highest temperature once reached 46.2 DEG C, and the EPS plate exterior-wall heat insulation wind resistance of technology construction is poor routinely.
Chinese patent application 86104838 is for strengthening external wall of house insulation, inside masonry, concrete, aerated concrete wall, stick foamed polystyrene board, directly calcium plaster is spread in plate face, this kind of calcium plaster is the viscous slurry stirred by building gypsum plaster, methylcellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose and water. if coating layer thickness is more than 4 millimeters, calcium plaster is by mixing the fillers such as sand, flyash, aggregate chips, expanded perlite, after calcium plaster coating is hardened at short notice, form the hardcoat of combining closely with polystyrene foam plate, have fire prevention and facing effect.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the thin exterior wall heat-preserving construction method of wiping one's face of a kind of severe cold strong wind area polystyrene board, for severe cold strong wind area special climate feature, various material is arranged in pairs or groups each other, compatible with each other, for heat insulation system provides long-term quality assurance and energy-saving effect.
Object of the present invention will be realized by following technical measures: construction method flow process is: preparation of construction, basal plane process, typesetting, snap the line, fire barrier, surfacing, polishing, bottom is wiped one's face sand, slurry paving grid cloth, float coat mortar and field trial, inspection; Wherein, basic unit, after interface processing, adopts 1: 3 cement mortar plaster leveling, carries out typesetting design, snap the line lattice, use special bonding mucilage completely to paste EPS plate to metope, utilizes crab-bolt to assist and is fixed on base course wall; Thin portion strengthens process, and makes overcoat with anticracking grout composite glass-fiber latticed fabric, then with coating or decoration mortar for finish coat.
Especially, concrete construction method comprises:
1. preparation of construction;
According to construction drawing, carry out the written of each operation and confide a technological secret and transition; Be equipped with instrument, apparatus and the small-sized machine needed for construction;
2. basal plane process: structure wall basal plane must be cleaned out; Code requirement shutoff is pressed at all construction holes, scaffold eye; The Light Wall such as air-entrained concrete building block, ceramsite concrete blocks answers surface brush interfacial agents, answers wharf's pavement quality when concrete wall are necessary, adopts the thick plaster leveling of 1: 3 cement mortar 30; Degree of plainness for wall surface and verticality maximum deviation are not more than 5mm, and before subsides EPS plate, basic unit should be moistening in advance.
3. typesetting, snap the line: according to drawing and relevant change request, carries out EPS plate typesetting design to every face wall, ejects vertical, horizontal control lines according to typesetting design.Fire barrier, window hole place should by the meticulous typesettings of warming plate specification requirement.Up-downgoing answers the fissure of displacement to arrange, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate;
4. bonding agent preparation; Prepare by the ratio requirement of the special stick selected, stir with electric mixer, after bonding agent configures with mix with, must not more than 1 hour under normal temperature.
5. paste grid cloth in advance and turn over bag:
The position such as plinth, deformation joint, door and window hole, parapet on request, grid cloth needs to turn over bag place, first grid cloth and wall plastering leveling layer are bondd in advance, width 100mm, scene is taken measures temporary fixed by turning over bag grid cloth, sticking heat-preservation plate again, finally turns over bag and is pasted onto warming plate external surface by grid cloth; Big-wall surface grids cloth with turn over bag grid cloth and overlap and should be pressed in outside it; When warming plate is pasted herein, should smear full rubber cement in warming plate side, still presumable space, warming plate two ends should adopt sealing compound to seal;
6. polyphenyl plate is pasted; Paste the principle that polyphenyl plate should follow " model (layer) is led the way, and acceptance(check), applies "; Before stickup, surface of wall should be sprinkled water moistening, and surface dry rear Pasting is constructed.Warming plate answers the fissure of displacement to paste, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate, and negative and positive angle place should interlock and sting raft overlap joint; Bar should be adopted to stick bonding sticking heat-preservation plate, thick 10-12mm smeared by bonding adhesive, about 4-5mm after stickup completes, during haftplatte operation, the bonding agent of warming plate should be made simultaneously to contact with metope, firmly evenly rub 5-7 time at full space of a whole page both hands, make that bonding adhesive is full and uniform to be spread out, be parallel to the side of bar shaped bonding adhesive, bonding adhesive is squeezed out warming plate edge, and the bonding adhesive that the side perpendicular to bar shaped bonding adhesive is extruded should be removed totally.Plate and basic unit bond firmly in line lattice, and adjacent warming plate staggers anyhow by the bar shaped of bonding adhesive.Plate seam should be tight, concordant; During sticking heat-preservation plate plate, should take layup sequence from bottom to top, from bottom along the upwards paving of surrounding entirety, inside holding plate stickup on a working day height must not exceed one deck.Do not allow perpend wall to stagger construction, the plate at door and window hole corner place adopts whole plate to cut, and must not splice, and seam must not be less than 200mm apart from hole four angular distance; The evagination position be connected with body of wall and overhanging component, comprise the hole outside pilaster, beam, doorframe and window frame, enclosed balcony, air-condition plate, gutter, parapet, all carries out omnirange and close insulation; Must consider that the direction that warming plate crimps mutually should meet firmly and integral waterproofing requirement;
7. anchoring piece is installed; Warming plate should adopt crab-bolt auxiliary fixing.Crab-bolt quantity, position should be arranged in strict accordance with designing requirement, allly turn over bag place at grid cloth and should increase by two crab-bolts, are installing near appropriate location, edge; Should check that crab-bolt expansion tube could normally open before crab-bolt construction, the expansion tube that ripe glue material is produced should be selected.Expansion tube, thread tapping, plastics diffusion plate should be the auxiliary products of same manufacturer; Crab-bolt length should be warming plate width+40mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on warming plate is not less than 50mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on fire barrier is not less than 100mm; Crab-bolt drilling construction should carry out in strict accordance with " external wall insulation project special construction plan ", and quality department of unit in charge of construction will check bore mode, drilling depth, aperture, according to crab-bolt length determination drilling depth, will guarantee that crab-bolt fully stretches into body of wall;
8. fire barrier; Fire barrier should with exterior insulation work synchronous construction, must not in outer heat preservation system warming plate reserved empty position, and then fire barrier of constructing; Fire barrier warming plate monolithic is of a size of 300x600mm, takes the completely sticky construction of bonding adhesive gross area; The float coat at fire prevention isolation position should set up bottom grid cloth, and grid cloth width is not less than 900mm, and horizontal direction docking location should not be less than 100mm apart from plate end, and the method that the bottom grid cloth set up and large surface grids cloth should take two cloth three to starch is constructed simultaneously; Fire barrier warming plate adopts crab-bolt auxiliary fixing, and crab-bolt should push down bottom grid cloth.Every monolithic warming plate should arrange two crab-bolts, is arranged on center line, and apart from plate end 150mm, crab-bolt center distance 300mm, diffusion plate diameter should not be less than 100mm;
9. surfacing, polishing; Polyphenyl plate at least needs standing 24h just can polish after pasting; Polyphenyl plate surface irregularity place application polishing trowel polishes, and is then polished one time by whole metope; The polyphenyl bits be scattered during polishing should be cleaned out with brush, besom at any time, and operator should wear mask; The action of polishing metope should be soft circular motion, must not polish along the direction parallel with polyphenyl plate seam;
10. bottom plastering mortar paving grid cloth; A cloth two should be adopted to starch or two cloth three slurries at building different parts in strict accordance with designing requirement; When smearing first time finishing mucilage, warming plate answers dry no-sundries, forbid not do first time finishing mucilage, direct paving grid cloth, smear first all over rubber cement, paving grid cloth, smear two times or three times rubber cements interval time must not more than 20 minutes, repave subsides grid cloth after forbidding rubber cement to condense, when improper operation occurring and causing first time rubber cement condensation, condensation rubber cement should be rooted out and again construct; The rubber cement area of warming plate surface smear should slightly larger than the length of grid cloth and wide, and thickness is 2mm, and grid cloth concave surface is pasted wall, launches from cloth mediad surrounding, makes grid cloth embed in finishing mucilage, and grid cloth does not answer fold, empty sticky; Grid cloth periphery lap length transverse direction >=150mm, longitudinal direction >=100mm; When two cloth three are starched, one deck 1.5mm--2mm finishing mucilage between two-grid cloth, must be had not only to separate but also cement both sides grid cloth.The broadwise of grid cloth should be mutually vertical; Fire prevention is corniced, the installation of finished plastic drip strip that awning, window are suitable for reading first should be slotted on warming plate, and paving grid cloth pastes drip strip after completing again, forbids to slot stickup after grid cloth paving is complete again.Preferentially take warming plate to be made 1: 3 domatic method hawk to chew; Building negative and positive angle grid cloth overlap joint adds length and should not be less than 300mm, and highrise building external corner and door and window hole should use galvanized steel wire netting to carry out reinforcement process, and galvanized steel wire netting stretches out 300mm in both sides, angle;
smear top layer plastering mortar; The construction of grid cloth should be continuous, after construction interval is more than 2h, tackles scope of operation benefit and scrape one deck 1.5mm ~ 2mm finishing mucilage when continuing construction; Face rubber cement topping, last cloth two is starched or two cloth three slurries survive.Execute after smearing certain area, with wet hair brush will smear in the same direction spend floating, timely wet curing after topping final set, when temperature on average is higher than 15 DEG C, curing time must not be less than 48 hours, must not be less than 72 hours lower than when 15 DEG C; The destructive operations such as grid cloth must not carry out after having constructed slotting, collide, punching; The moulding of outstanding insulating board for building, should in the complete rear construction of first floor grid cloth paving of warming plate, and after moulding has been pasted, set up one deck grid cloth to strengthen, set up grid cloth lap length and be not less than 300mm, when using GRC decorating outer wall of building lines, must formulate in detail in special construction plan;
field trial, inspection; Unit in charge of construction should formulate Site Test Scheme in special construction plan, should do " model wall ", carry out adhesive strength test and pull-out test to significant points, privileged sites, carries out other and operates targetedly; Entity detection: the inspection of external wall energy-saving structure drill core and the on-the-spot entity detection of external window air tightness.
Advantage of the present invention and effect: for severe cold strong wind area special climate feature, by boning with body of wall to EPS plate, exterior trim surface layer is combined, node processing technological improvement, ensure construction quality, adiabator layer and thin float coat are tied and effect firm stable, good integrity, improve the heat-insulating property of external wall, save building materials and construction period.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is construction method schematic flow sheet in the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The principle of the invention is, basic unit, after interface processing, adopts 1: 3 cement mortar plaster leveling, carries out typesetting design, snap the line lattice, use special bonding mucilage completely to paste EPS plate to metope, utilizes crab-bolt to assist and is fixed on base course wall; Thin portion strengthens process, and makes overcoat with anticracking grout composite glass-fiber latticed fabric, then with coating or decoration mortar for finish coat.Various material is arranged in pairs or groups each other, compatible with each other, for heat insulation system provides long-term quality assurance and energy-saving effect.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, construction method flow process is: preparation of construction, basal plane process, typesetting, snap the line, fire barrier, surfacing, polishing, and bottom is wiped one's face sand, slurry paving grid cloth, float coat mortar and field trial, inspection.
Concrete construction method comprises:
1. preparation of construction;
Conscientiously be familiar with construction drawing, atlas and code requirement; Establishment key position constructure scheme, measure handled examination and approval procedures, be equipped with collection and housekeeping that special messenger is responsible for technical data; Organize workman to carry out pre-job training, skilled grasp exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, and obtain " Training of Personnel for Industry certificate of qualification " and can on dutyly obtain employment; According to construction drawing, carry out the written of each operation and confide a technological secret and transition; Carry out construction material requested (heat insulating material, bonding adhesive, polymer mortar, grid cloth, finishing mucilage, boundary mortar, mechanical fixed part etc.) plan and supply work; Be equipped with instrument, apparatus and the small-sized machine needed for construction.
2. basal plane process:
1, structure wall basal plane must be cleaned out; Code requirement shutoff is pressed at all construction holes, scaffold eye;
2, the Light Wall such as air-entrained concrete building block, ceramsite concrete blocks answers surface brush interfacial agents, answers wharf's pavement quality when concrete wall are necessary, adopts the thick plaster leveling of 1: 3 cement mortar 30.
3, degree of plainness for wall surface and verticality maximum deviation are not more than 5mm, and before subsides EPS plate, basic unit should be moistening in advance.
3. typesetting, snap the line:
According to drawing and relevant change request, EPS plate typesetting design is carried out to every face wall, eject vertical, horizontal control lines according to typesetting design.Fire barrier, window hole place should by the meticulous typesettings of warming plate specification requirement.Up-downgoing answers the fissure of displacement to arrange, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate.
4. bonding agent preparation;
Prepare by the ratio requirement of the special stick selected, stir with electric mixer, after bonding agent configures with mix with, must not more than 1 hour under normal temperature.
5. paste grid cloth in advance and turn over bag:
The position such as plinth, deformation joint, door and window hole, parapet on request, grid cloth needs to turn over bag place, first grid cloth and wall plastering leveling layer are bondd in advance, width 100mm gets final product (scene is taken measures temporary fixed by turning over bag grid cloth), sticking heat-preservation plate again, finally turns over bag and is pasted onto warming plate external surface by grid cloth.Big-wall surface grids cloth with turn over bag grid cloth and overlap and should be pressed in outside it.When warming plate is pasted herein, should smear full rubber cement in warming plate side, still presumable space, warming plate two ends should adopt sealing compound to seal.
6. polyphenyl plate is pasted;
1, the principle that polyphenyl plate should follow " model (layer) is led the way, and acceptance(check), applies " is pasted.
2, before pasting, surface of wall should be sprinkled water moistening, and surface dry rear Pasting is constructed.Warming plate answers the fissure of displacement to paste, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate, and negative and positive angle place should interlock and sting raft overlap joint.
3, bar should be adopted to stick bonding sticking heat-preservation plate.Thick 10-12mm smeared by bonding adhesive, pasted rear about 4-5mm.During haftplatte operation, the bonding agent of warming plate should be made simultaneously to contact with metope, firmly evenly rub 5-7 time at full space of a whole page both hands, make that bonding adhesive is full and uniform to be spread out.Be parallel to the side of bar shaped bonding adhesive, bonding adhesive is squeezed out warming plate edge.The bonding adhesive extruded perpendicular to the side of bar shaped bonding adhesive should be removed totally.Plate and basic unit bond firmly in line lattice.Adjacent warming plate staggers anyhow by the bar shaped of bonding adhesive.Plate seam should be tight, concordant.
4, during sticking heat-preservation plate plate, should take layup sequence from bottom to top, from bottom along the upwards paving of surrounding entirety, inside holding plate stickup on a working day height must not exceed one deck.Perpend wall is not allowed to stagger construction.The plate at door and window hole corner place adopts whole plate to cut, and must not splice, and seam must not be less than 200mm apart from hole four angular distance.
5, the evagination position be connected with body of wall and overhanging component (hole outside pilaster, beam, doorframe and window frame, enclosed balcony, air-condition plate, gutter, parapet etc.) all carry out omnirange close be incubated.
6, must consider that the direction that warming plate crimps mutually should meet firmly and integral waterproofing requirement.
7. anchoring piece is installed;
1, warming plate should adopt crab-bolt auxiliary fixing.Crab-bolt quantity, position should be arranged in strict accordance with designing requirement.Allly turn over bag place at grid cloth and should increase by two crab-bolts, installing near appropriate location, edge.
2, should check that crab-bolt expansion tube could normally open before crab-bolt construction, the expansion tube that ripe glue material is produced should be selected.Expansion tube, thread tapping, plastics diffusion plate should be the auxiliary products of same manufacturer.
3, crab-bolt length should be warming plate width+40mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on warming plate is not less than 50mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on fire barrier is not less than 100mm.
4, crab-bolt drilling construction should carry out in strict accordance with " external wall insulation project special construction plan ", and quality department of unit in charge of construction will check bore mode, drilling depth, aperture.According to crab-bolt length determination drilling depth, to guarantee that crab-bolt fully stretches into body of wall.
8. fire barrier;
1, fire barrier should with exterior insulation work synchronous construction, must not in outer heat preservation system warming plate reserved empty position, and then fire barrier of constructing.
2, warming plate monolithic in fire barrier is of a size of 300x600mm, takes the completely sticky construction of bonding adhesive gross area.
3, the float coat at fire prevention isolation position should set up bottom grid cloth, and grid cloth width is not less than 900mm (300+300+300), and horizontal direction docking location should not be less than 100mm apart from plate end.The method that the bottom grid cloth set up and large surface grids cloth should take two cloth three to starch is constructed simultaneously.
4, fire barrier warming plate adopts crab-bolt auxiliary fixing, and crab-bolt should push down bottom grid cloth.Every monolithic warming plate should arrange two crab-bolts, is arranged on center line, and apart from plate end 150mm, crab-bolt center distance 300mm, diffusion plate diameter should not be less than 100mm.
9. surfacing, polishing;
Polyphenyl plate at least needs standing 24h just can polish after pasting.Polyphenyl plate surface irregularity place application polishing trowel polishes, and is then polished one time by whole metope.The polyphenyl bits be scattered during polishing should be cleaned out with brush, besom at any time, and operator should wear mask.The action of polishing metope should be soft circular motion, must not polish along the direction parallel with polyphenyl plate seam.
10. bottom plastering mortar paving grid cloth;
1, a cloth two should be adopted to starch or two cloth three slurries at building different parts in strict accordance with designing requirement.
When 2, smearing first time finishing mucilage, warming plate answers dry no-sundries, forbids not do first time finishing mucilage, direct paving grid cloth.Smear first all over rubber cement, paving grid cloth, smear two times (three times) rubber cements interval time must not more than 20 minutes.Repave subsides grid cloth after forbidding rubber cement to condense, when improper operation occurring and causing first time rubber cement condensation, condensation rubber cement should be rooted out and again construct.
3, the rubber cement area of warming plate surface smear should slightly larger than the length of grid cloth and wide, and thickness is 2mm, and grid cloth concave surface is pasted wall, launches from cloth mediad surrounding, makes grid cloth embed in finishing mucilage, and grid cloth does not answer fold, empty sticky.
4, grid cloth periphery lap length transverse direction >=150mm, longitudinal direction >=100mm.
5, when two cloth three are starched, one deck 1.5mm--2mm finishing mucilage between two-grid cloth, must be had not only to separate but also cement both sides grid cloth.The broadwise of grid cloth should be mutually vertical.
6, fire prevention is corniced, the installation of finished plastic drip strip that awning, window are suitable for reading first should slot on warming plate, and paving grid cloth pastes drip strip after completing again, forbids to slot stickup after grid cloth paving is complete again.Preferentially take warming plate to be made 1: 3 domatic method hawk to chew.
7, building negative and positive angle grid cloth overlap joint adds length and should not be less than 300mm.Highrise building external corner and door and window hole should use galvanized steel wire netting to carry out reinforcement process, and galvanized steel wire netting stretches out 300mm in both sides, angle.
smear top layer plastering mortar;
1, the construction of grid cloth should be continuous, after construction interval is more than 2h, tackles scope of operation benefit and scrape one deck 1.5mm ~ 2mm finishing mucilage when continuing construction.
2, a cloth one is starched or after two cloth two are starched and detailed treatment is constructed 4 hours, and to execute by same direction at its surface trowel and smear the thick finishing mucilage topping of 2mm, last cloth two is starched or two cloth three slurries survive.Execute after smearing certain area, with wet hair brush will smear in the same direction spend floating.Timely wet curing after topping final set, when temperature on average is higher than 15 DEG C, curing time must not be less than 48 hours, must not be less than 72 hours lower than when 15 DEG C.
3, grid cloth must not carry out after having constructed slotting, collide, the destructive operation such as punching.
4, the moulding of outstanding insulating board for building, in the complete rear construction of first floor grid cloth paving of warming plate, and after moulding has been pasted, should set up one deck grid cloth and strengthens, set up grid cloth lap length and be not less than 300mm.When using GRC decorating outer wall of building lines, must formulate in special construction plan in detail.
field trial, inspection;
1, unit in charge of construction should formulate Site Test Scheme in special construction plan.Should do " model wall " significant points, privileged sites, carry out adhesive strength test and pull-out test, carry out other and operate targetedly.
2, entity detection: the inspection of external wall energy-saving structure drill core and the on-the-spot entity detection of external window air tightness.
The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; change can be expected easily or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should described be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (2)

1. the thin exterior wall heat-preserving construction method of wiping one's face of severe cold strong wind area polystyrene board, it is characterized in that, construction method flow process is: preparation of construction, basal plane process, typesetting, snap the line, fire barrier, surfacing, polishing, bottom is wiped one's face sand, slurry paving grid cloth, float coat mortar and field trial, inspection; Wherein, basic unit, after interface processing, adopts 1: 3 cement mortar plaster leveling, carries out typesetting design, snap the line lattice, use special bonding mucilage completely to paste EPS plate to metope, utilizes crab-bolt to assist and is fixed on base course wall; Thin portion strengthens process, and makes overcoat with anticracking grout composite glass-fiber latticed fabric, then with coating or decoration mortar for finish coat.
2. the thin exterior wall heat-preserving construction method of wiping one's face of severe cold strong wind area polystyrene board as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, concrete construction method comprises:
1. preparation of construction;
According to construction drawing, carry out the written of each operation and confide a technological secret and transition; Be equipped with instrument, apparatus and the small-sized machine needed for construction;
2. basal plane process: structure wall basal plane must be cleaned out; Code requirement shutoff is pressed at all construction holes, scaffold eye; The Light Wall such as air-entrained concrete building block, ceramsite concrete blocks answers surface brush interfacial agents, answers wharf's pavement quality when concrete wall are necessary, adopts the thick plaster leveling of 1: 3 cement mortar 30; Degree of plainness for wall surface and verticality maximum deviation are not more than 5mm, and before subsides EPS plate, basic unit should be moistening in advance;
3. typesetting, snap the line: according to drawing and relevant change request, carries out EPS plate typesetting design to every face wall, ejects vertical, horizontal control lines according to typesetting design.Fire barrier, window hole place should by the meticulous typesettings of warming plate specification requirement; Up-downgoing answers the fissure of displacement to arrange, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate;
4. bonding agent preparation; Prepare by the ratio requirement of the special stick selected, stir with electric mixer, after bonding agent configures with mix with, must not more than 1 hour under normal temperature;
5. paste grid cloth in advance and turn over bag:
The position such as plinth, deformation joint, door and window hole, parapet on request, grid cloth needs to turn over bag place, first grid cloth and wall plastering leveling layer are bondd in advance, width 100mm, scene is taken measures temporary fixed by turning over bag grid cloth, sticking heat-preservation plate again, finally turns over bag and is pasted onto warming plate external surface by grid cloth; Big-wall surface grids cloth with turn over bag grid cloth and overlap and should be pressed in outside it; When warming plate is pasted herein, should smear full rubber cement in warming plate side, still presumable space, warming plate two ends should adopt sealing compound to seal;
6. polyphenyl plate is pasted; Paste the principle that polyphenyl plate should follow " model or layer are led the way, and acceptance(check) is applied "; Before stickup, surface of wall should be sprinkled water moistening, and surface dry rear Pasting is constructed; Warming plate answers the fissure of displacement to paste, and it is long that fissure of displacement length is not less than 1/3 plate, and negative and positive angle place should interlock and sting raft overlap joint; Bar should be adopted to stick bonding sticking heat-preservation plate, thick 10-12mm smeared by bonding adhesive, about 4-5mm after stickup completes, during haftplatte operation, the bonding agent of warming plate should be made simultaneously to contact with metope, firmly evenly rub 5-7 time at full space of a whole page both hands, make that bonding adhesive is full and uniform to be spread out, be parallel to the side of bar shaped bonding adhesive, bonding adhesive is squeezed out warming plate edge, and the bonding adhesive that the side perpendicular to bar shaped bonding adhesive is extruded should be removed totally; Plate and basic unit bond firmly in line lattice, and adjacent warming plate staggers anyhow by the bar shaped of bonding adhesive; Plate seam should be tight, concordant; During sticking heat-preservation plate plate, should take layup sequence from bottom to top, from bottom along the upwards paving of surrounding entirety, inside holding plate stickup on a working day height must not exceed one deck; Do not allow perpend wall to stagger construction, the plate at door and window hole corner place adopts whole plate to cut, and must not splice, and seam must not be less than 200mm apart from hole four angular distance; The evagination position be connected with body of wall and overhanging component, comprise the hole outside pilaster, beam, doorframe and window frame, enclosed balcony, air-condition plate, gutter, parapet, all carries out omnirange and close insulation; Must consider that the direction that warming plate crimps mutually should meet firmly and integral waterproofing requirement;
7. anchoring piece is installed; Warming plate should adopt crab-bolt auxiliary fixing; Crab-bolt quantity, position should be arranged in strict accordance with designing requirement, allly turn over bag place at grid cloth and should increase by two crab-bolts, are installing near appropriate location, edge; Should check that crab-bolt expansion tube could normally open before crab-bolt construction, the expansion tube that ripe glue material is produced should be selected; Expansion tube, thread tapping, plastics diffusion plate should be the auxiliary products of same manufacturer; Crab-bolt length should be warming plate width+40mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on warming plate is not less than 50mm, and the plastics diffusion plate diameter on fire barrier is not less than 100mm; Crab-bolt drilling construction should carry out in strict accordance with " external wall insulation project special construction plan ", and quality department of unit in charge of construction will check bore mode, drilling depth, aperture, according to crab-bolt length determination drilling depth, will guarantee that crab-bolt fully stretches into body of wall;
8. fire barrier; Fire barrier should with exterior insulation work synchronous construction, must not in outer heat preservation system warming plate reserved empty position, and then fire barrier of constructing; Fire barrier warming plate monolithic is of a size of 300x600mm, takes the completely sticky construction of bonding adhesive gross area; The float coat at fire prevention isolation position should set up bottom grid cloth, and grid cloth width is not less than 900mm, and horizontal direction docking location should not be less than 100mm apart from plate end, and the method that the bottom grid cloth set up and large surface grids cloth should take two cloth three to starch is constructed simultaneously; Fire barrier warming plate adopts crab-bolt auxiliary fixing, and crab-bolt should push down bottom grid cloth; Every monolithic warming plate should arrange two crab-bolts, is arranged on center line, and apart from plate end 150mm, crab-bolt center distance 300mm, diffusion plate diameter should not be less than 100mm;
9. surfacing, polishing; Polyphenyl plate at least needs standing 24h just can polish after pasting; Polyphenyl plate surface irregularity place application polishing trowel polishes, and is then polished one time by whole metope; The polyphenyl bits be scattered during polishing should be cleaned out with brush, besom at any time, and operator should wear mask; The action of polishing metope should be soft circular motion, must not polish along the direction parallel with polyphenyl plate seam;
10. bottom plastering mortar paving grid cloth; A cloth two should be adopted to starch or two cloth three slurries at building different parts in strict accordance with designing requirement; When smearing first time finishing mucilage, warming plate answers dry no-sundries, forbid not do first time finishing mucilage, direct paving grid cloth, smear first all over rubber cement, paving grid cloth, smear two times or three times rubber cements interval time must not more than 20 minutes, repave subsides grid cloth after forbidding rubber cement to condense, when improper operation occurring and causing first time rubber cement condensation, condensation rubber cement should be rooted out and again construct; The rubber cement area of warming plate surface smear should slightly larger than the length of grid cloth and wide, and thickness is 2mm, and grid cloth concave surface is pasted wall, launches from cloth mediad surrounding, makes grid cloth embed in finishing mucilage, and grid cloth does not answer fold, empty sticky; Grid cloth periphery lap length transverse direction >=150mm, longitudinal direction >=100mm; When two cloth three are starched, one deck 1.5mm--2mm finishing mucilage between two-grid cloth, must be had not only to separate but also cement both sides grid cloth.The broadwise of grid cloth should be mutually vertical; Fire prevention is corniced, the installation of finished plastic drip strip that awning, window are suitable for reading first should be slotted on warming plate, and paving grid cloth pastes drip strip after completing again, forbids to slot stickup after grid cloth paving is complete again.Preferentially take warming plate to be made 1: 3 domatic method hawk to chew; Building negative and positive angle grid cloth overlap joint adds length and should not be less than 300mm, and highrise building external corner and door and window hole should use galvanized steel wire netting to carry out reinforcement process, and galvanized steel wire netting stretches out 300mm in both sides, angle;
smear top layer plastering mortar; The construction of grid cloth should be continuous, after construction interval is more than 2h, tackles scope of operation benefit and scrape one deck 1.5mm ~ 2mm finishing mucilage when continuing construction; Face rubber cement topping, last cloth two is starched or two cloth three slurries survive.Execute after smearing certain area, with wet hair brush will smear in the same direction spend floating, timely wet curing after topping final set, when temperature on average is higher than 15 DEG C, curing time must not be less than 48 hours, must not be less than 72 hours lower than when 15 DEG C; The destructive operations such as grid cloth must not carry out after having constructed slotting, collide, punching; The moulding of outstanding insulating board for building, should in the complete rear construction of first floor grid cloth paving of warming plate, and after moulding has been pasted, set up one deck grid cloth to strengthen, set up grid cloth lap length and be not less than 300mm, when using GRC decorating outer wall of building lines, must formulate in detail in special construction plan;
field trial, inspection; Unit in charge of construction should formulate Site Test Scheme in special construction plan, should do " model wall ", carry out adhesive strength test and pull-out test to significant points, privileged sites, carries out other and operates targetedly; Entity detection: the inspection of external wall energy-saving structure drill core and the on-the-spot entity detection of external window air tightness.
CN201410815166.9A 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 Method for external insulation construction of polystyrene board thin plastered surface in cold and windy area Pending CN104612261A (en)

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CN105756222A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-07-13 克拉玛依市建设工程质量监督站 Wind resistance and heat preservation EPS board outer wall structure and construction method thereof
CN106368338A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 陕西建工第建设集团有限公司 Construction method of external thermal insulation system of foam cement thermal insulation board outer wall
CN106739348A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-05-31 山东雅达节能建材科技有限公司 A kind of heat insulation decoration integrated plate and its processing technology
CN108252260A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-06 内蒙古绰勒水利水电有限责任公司 A kind of anti-maintenance construction method degraded
CN108547389A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-09-18 北京马尔贝拉建筑工程有限公司 A kind of exterior wall entrance construction method
CN108978903A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-11 刘庆东 Construction method for exterior insulation rock wool board
CN108999402A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-14 肖霞 A kind of plastering treatment process based on large-scale EPS lines
CN109083366A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 重庆三原色节能建筑工程有限公司 A kind of anchor structure and construction method based on large-scale EPS lines
CN109437767A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-08 浙江厦光涂料有限公司 A kind of Advanced Inorganic decoration mortar imitates brick painting design and its construction method
CN109577501A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-05 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of external wall insulation anchoring construction method
CN110359685A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-10-22 青岛东建建设有限公司 A kind of polyurethane thermal insulation and decoration integrated board construction technology based on full bonding
CN110424558A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-11-08 北京崇建工程有限公司 A kind of anti-hollowing of board bottom insulating layer, fall off construction method
CN110528802A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-12-03 江苏艾可陶节能科技有限公司 A kind of insulation and decoration method of plate installation
CN110984411A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-10 中国航天建设集团有限公司 Construction method for waterproof structure of external wall heat-preservation rock wool board
CN111535462A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-08-14 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Construction method of outer wall homogeneous modified fireproof insulation board

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756222A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-07-13 克拉玛依市建设工程质量监督站 Wind resistance and heat preservation EPS board outer wall structure and construction method thereof
CN106368338A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 陕西建工第建设集团有限公司 Construction method of external thermal insulation system of foam cement thermal insulation board outer wall
CN106739348A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-05-31 山东雅达节能建材科技有限公司 A kind of heat insulation decoration integrated plate and its processing technology
CN108978903A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-11 刘庆东 Construction method for exterior insulation rock wool board
CN108252260A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-06 内蒙古绰勒水利水电有限责任公司 A kind of anti-maintenance construction method degraded
CN108547389A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-09-18 北京马尔贝拉建筑工程有限公司 A kind of exterior wall entrance construction method
CN108999402A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-14 肖霞 A kind of plastering treatment process based on large-scale EPS lines
CN109083366A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 重庆三原色节能建筑工程有限公司 A kind of anchor structure and construction method based on large-scale EPS lines
CN109577501A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-05 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of external wall insulation anchoring construction method
CN109437767A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-08 浙江厦光涂料有限公司 A kind of Advanced Inorganic decoration mortar imitates brick painting design and its construction method
CN110528802A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-12-03 江苏艾可陶节能科技有限公司 A kind of insulation and decoration method of plate installation
CN110359685A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-10-22 青岛东建建设有限公司 A kind of polyurethane thermal insulation and decoration integrated board construction technology based on full bonding
CN110424558A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-11-08 北京崇建工程有限公司 A kind of anti-hollowing of board bottom insulating layer, fall off construction method
CN110984411A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-10 中国航天建设集团有限公司 Construction method for waterproof structure of external wall heat-preservation rock wool board
CN111535462A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-08-14 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Construction method of outer wall homogeneous modified fireproof insulation board

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