CN201059849Y - Solar energy auxiliary heating flue-curing barn - Google Patents

Solar energy auxiliary heating flue-curing barn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201059849Y
CN201059849Y CNU2007201231598U CN200720123159U CN201059849Y CN 201059849 Y CN201059849 Y CN 201059849Y CN U2007201231598 U CNU2007201231598 U CN U2007201231598U CN 200720123159 U CN200720123159 U CN 200720123159U CN 201059849 Y CN201059849 Y CN 201059849Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
barn
flue
curing barn
solar energy
thermal
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007201231598U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊卫国
代光明
艾复清
Original Assignee
贵州大学
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Priority to CNU2007201231598U priority Critical patent/CN201059849Y/en
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Publication of CN201059849Y publication Critical patent/CN201059849Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy assistant heating flue-curing barn, which comprises the components of a norm flue-curing barn such as a wall body (12), a stove (3), a fire tube (4), a tobacco stick bracket (15), a door (13) provided with an observation window (14), an air inlet (6) and a dehumidification chimney (10), the utility model has the differences with the normal flue-curing barn that a sealed heat collection and heat preservation space formed by a sunshine panel (1) and a thermal collection layer (2) is arranged on the roof of the flue-curing barn; a thermal storage case (5) is arranged outside the wall body (12) of the flue-curing barn, and the thermal storage case (5) is communicated with the flue-curing barn through a hot air inlet (6) at the lower part of the wall body (12); a dehumidification groove (7) is arranged at the bottom of the flue-curing barn. in the prior period of the yellowing of the baking process of the tobacco, the thermal collected inside the heat collection and heat preservation space and the thermal storage case of the solar energy assistant heating flue-curing barn of the utility model can meet the requirement for baking, and the heating by a stove with coal does not need, only in the later stage of the yellowing, the thermal complement needs to make full day thermal complement at night; therefore, the coal consumption and the pollution of exhaust gas to an atmosphere are reduced during the tobacco baking process; and the utility model is an energy-saving type and environmental protective type flue-curing barn which has the advantages of simple structure, economy and practice.

Description

The auxiliary heating of solar energy barn
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the equipment with the heating means dried material, particularly, belongs to the barn that utilizes the auxiliary heating of solar radiant energy.
Background technology
As everyone knows, barn is the special equipment of crops such as flue-cured tobacco baking.Up to now, the thermal source that barn generally adopts is got by coal burning, it is reported, the dried tobacco of every 1kg on average needs to consume about coal 2.3~3kg.This can consume a large amount of coals undoubtedly, but also because the coal-fired environmental problem that causes atmosphere pollution and discharging carbon dioxide.In order to solve this difficult problem, someone is through exploring, proposed to utilize the technical scheme of solar energy flue-cured tobacco, for example No. 99241109.2 " a kind of solar energy barn ", No. 200310100803.6 " barn combined efficient power-saving baking system ", No. 200420033203.2 " full-automatic energy-saving intensive baking room ", 200510119779.X number " barn and the energy-efficient baking system of the formula that connects " etc., these patents all belong to new technical scheme, certain energy-conserving action is arranged, but also exist barn complex structure, the higher deficiency of investment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides the auxiliary barn that heats of a kind of solar energy simple in structure, that investment is low, the effect that save coal to reach, improve environment, the saving of labor increases matter.
The auxiliary heating of the solar energy that the utility model provides barn, have the body of wall, stove, fire tube, tobacco rod frame of traditional flue-curing barn, door, air inlet and the hydrofuge chimney of band observation window, different with traditional flue-curing barn is that the airtight heat-collecting heat-preserving space of forming by by sunlight board and collection temperature layer is gone up on the barn top; The wall of barn also is provided with the storage incubator outward, and the storage incubator is by the hot air inlet and the barn UNICOM of body of wall bottom; The barn bottom is provided with the hydrofuge ditch.
Above-mentioned sunlight board is the roof of oblique frame, and its gradient is 10%; Above-mentioned collection temperature layer is made up of plank, grass, cinder and asphalt felt, and employing " people " font is erected under the roof, on the barn.
Above-mentioned storage incubator is the attached collecting apparatus of the relative sealing of building up with plastic sheeting.
Above-mentioned stove is positioned at wide one side of barn, and fire tube is positioned at the one side of storage incubator.
On the above-mentioned hydrofuge ditch exit or entrance of a clitch is arranged, be generally 8 exit or entrance of a clitch; At hydrofuge ditch meet blower fan is installed.
The traditional flue-curing barn flue-cured tobacco is to rely on from the coal-fired heating heat of stove.And barn thermal source of the present invention has 3, and the first utilizes the heat of sunlight board collection solar energy to be stored in the heat-collecting heat-preserving space, imports barn into by collecting the temperature layer again; It two is the air that utilize attached collecting apparatus storage incubator to be heated by sunshine, enters barn by air inlet; It three is the coal-fired heats that produce of stove, the air in fire tube heating barn.The circulation moving direction of hot-air in barn is as follows: the air in the fire tube heating barn, and hot-air rises to the barn top along fire tube one side; Because the roof is airtight, hot-air prolongs the roof and laterally moves; At this moment the heat that is imported into by collection temperature layer is also adding hot-air, and two strands of hot-airs mix, and contact with barn top layer tobacco leaf, the heat transferred tobacco leaf of hot-air is taken away the moisture of tobacco leaf, and air turns cold heavy and sinks, contact with the lower floor tobacco leaf, it is heavy further to turn cold, until sinking down into ground again; Enter the hydrofuge ditch by the hydrofuge exit or entrance of a clitch then; Do not carrying out under the situation of hydrofuge, cold air can converge with the hot-air from the storage incubator, enters barn once more by air inlet, is heated again on the fire tube surface, rises once more, brings tobacco leaf with heat, thus circulation in barn, forming.
If stove does not have fire coal, then air only will be mixed by the air that sunlight heats by heat heating and the storage incubator that collection temperature layer imports into, also can realize interior circulation.
Ventilation dewetting is promptly opened the hydrofuge stack cover if desired, opens the blower fan in the hydrofuge ditch, and humid air is discharged outside the barn by the hydrofuge chimney.
The auxiliary heating of solar energy of the present utility model barn, flavescence early stage in the tobacco flue-curing process, the baking needs can be satisfied with the thermal-arrest of storing incubator in the heat-collecting heat-preserving space, need not the coal-fired heating of stove, only in the flavescence later stage just in the concurrent heating at night to the whole day concurrent heating, this has just reduced the pollution to atmosphere of the coal consumption of flue-cured tobacco process and coal combustion exhaust, is a kind of simple in structure, economical and practical energy-saving, environment-friendly type barn.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of storage incubator of the present utility model.1 is sunlight board among the figure, and 2 are collection temperature layer, and 3 is stove, and 4 is fire tube, and 5 are the storage incubator, and 6 is air inlet, and 7 is the hydrofuge ditch, and 8 is the exit or entrance of a clitch, and 9 is blower fan, and 10 is the hydrofuge chimney, and 11 is cover plate, and 12 is body of wall, and 13 is door, and 14 is observation window, and 15 is the tobacco rod frame.
The specific embodiment
1 one the auxiliary heating of solar energy barns of embodiment as accompanying drawing 1, have the body of wall 12, stove 3, fire tube 4, tobacco rod frame 15 of traditional flue-curing barn, door 13, air inlet 6 and the hydrofuge chimney 10 of band observation window 14, barn adopts short microscler barn, bottom side length 8m, wide 0.65m, high 2.5m; Wherein adorn 2 layers of cigarettes, volume 84m 3On the top by by sunlight board 1 and the collection temperature layer 2 airtight heat-collecting heat-preserving space of forming; Sunlight board 1 is the roof of oblique frame, and its gradient is 10%, and thickness is 2mm; Collection temperature layer 2 is made up of plank, grass, cinder and asphalt felt, and employing " people " font is erected under the roof, on the barn.The wall of barn also is provided with storage incubator 5 outward, and storage incubator 5 is attached collecting apparatus of the relative sealing of building up with plastic sheeting, is a long 8m, wide 2m, and the hut of high 2m, storage incubator 5 is by the hot air inlet 6 and barn UNICOM of body of wall 12 bottoms; The barn bottom is provided with hydrofuge ditch 7, and 8 exit or entrance of a clitch 8 are arranged on the hydrofuge ditch 7, and exit or entrance of a clitch size is 30cm * 30cm; At hydrofuge ditch meet 750W adjustable speed blower fan 9 is installed.Stove 3 is positioned at wide one side of barn, and size is long 0.9m, wide 0.65m, high 0.75m; Fire tube 4 is positioned at the one side of storage incubator.The hydrofuge ditch has 2, and its cross section is the square of 60cm * 60cm; This external fire tube metope foundation has the fresh air inlet of 10 20cm * 20cm.

Claims (5)

1. solar energy is assisted the heating barn, have the body of wall (12), stove (3), fire tube (4), tobacco rod frame (15) of traditional flue-curing barn, door (13), air inlet (6) and the hydrofuge chimney (10) of band observation window (14), it is characterized in that having on this barn top by sunlight board (1) and collect the airtight heat-collecting heat-preserving space that warm layer (2) are formed; The outer storage incubator (5) that also is provided with of the body of wall of barn (12), storage incubator (5) is by the hot air inlet (6) and barn UNICOM of body of wall (12) bottom; The barn bottom is provided with hydrofuge ditch (7).
2. the auxiliary heating of solar energy according to claim 1 barn is characterized in that the roof of described sunlight board (1) as oblique frame, and its gradient is 10%; Described collection temperature layer (2) is made up of plank, grass, cinder and asphalt felt, and employing " people " font is erected under the roof, on the barn.
3. the auxiliary heating of solar energy according to claim 1 barn is characterized in that storing incubator (5) and is the attached collecting apparatus of the relative sealing of building up with plastic sheeting.
4. the auxiliary heating of solar energy according to claim 1 barn is characterized in that described stove (3) is positioned at wide one side of barn, and fire tube (4) is positioned at the one side of storage incubator (5).
5. the auxiliary heating of solar energy according to claim 1 barn is characterized in that the exit or entrance of a clitch (8) is arranged on the described hydrofuge ditch (7); At hydrofuge ditch meet blower fan (9) is installed.
CNU2007201231598U 2007-07-17 2007-07-17 Solar energy auxiliary heating flue-curing barn CN201059849Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201231598U CN201059849Y (en) 2007-07-17 2007-07-17 Solar energy auxiliary heating flue-curing barn

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201231598U CN201059849Y (en) 2007-07-17 2007-07-17 Solar energy auxiliary heating flue-curing barn

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201059849Y true CN201059849Y (en) 2008-05-14

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101907383A (en) * 2010-08-10 2010-12-08 浙江大学 Belt-conveying drying system and method for realizing dehydration upgrading of lignite by using solar energy
CN102160681A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-08-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102175072A (en) * 2011-02-19 2011-09-07 江阴万龙源科技有限公司 Solar composite box type dryer
CN102204713A (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-10-05 赵菊莲 Solar movable curing barn
CN102726820A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 云南大学 Energy-saving bulk curer with solar auxiliary heat supplying and waste heat recycling functions
CN104074376A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-10-01 广西马山县六合之家农产品加工厂 Solar bean vermicelli drying room
CN105298166A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-02-03 苏文达 Geothermal house

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102204713A (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-10-05 赵菊莲 Solar movable curing barn
CN101907383A (en) * 2010-08-10 2010-12-08 浙江大学 Belt-conveying drying system and method for realizing dehydration upgrading of lignite by using solar energy
CN101907383B (en) * 2010-08-10 2012-06-06 浙江大学 Belt-conveying drying system and method for realizing dehydration and upgrading of lignite by using solar energy
CN102160681A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-08-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102160681B (en) * 2010-12-29 2013-04-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102175072A (en) * 2011-02-19 2011-09-07 江阴万龙源科技有限公司 Solar composite box type dryer
CN102175072B (en) * 2011-02-19 2012-09-05 江阴万龙源科技有限公司 Solar composite box type dryer
CN102726820A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 云南大学 Energy-saving bulk curer with solar auxiliary heat supplying and waste heat recycling functions
CN102726820B (en) * 2012-07-13 2014-10-29 云南大学 Energy-saving bulk curer with solar auxiliary heat supplying and waste heat recycling functions
CN104074376A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-10-01 广西马山县六合之家农产品加工厂 Solar bean vermicelli drying room
CN104074376B (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-08-24 广西马山县六合之家农产品加工厂 A kind of solar energy vermicelli baking room
CN105298166A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-02-03 苏文达 Geothermal house
CN105298166B (en) * 2015-10-23 2018-03-13 南通江海港建设工程有限公司 Underground heat room

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Granted publication date: 20080514

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