CN205175014U - Solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment - Google Patents

Solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205175014U
CN205175014U CN201520928990.5U CN201520928990U CN205175014U CN 205175014 U CN205175014 U CN 205175014U CN 201520928990 U CN201520928990 U CN 201520928990U CN 205175014 U CN205175014 U CN 205175014U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
heat collector
drying
air
heat pump
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CN201520928990.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐文学
方少伟
洪雄波
杨南聪
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Guangdong Fivestar Solar Energy Co Ltd
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Guangdong Fivestar Solar Energy Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520928990.5U priority Critical patent/CN205175014U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of solar energy utilizes, especially, relate to the drying equipment that a solar energy air heat collector and heat pump combine, include the drying shed that becomes by the heat preservation circummure, solar energy air heat collector, hot air channel, heat pump drying -machine and dry car, solar energy air heat collector sets up on the roof of drying shed, the drying shed includes drying chamber and top empty room, heat pump drying -machine and dry car all set up in the drying chamber, separate through the insulation material layer between drying chamber and the top empty room, top empty room is kept apart into left room and right room by the cold wind partition wall that comprises insulation material, the upper end intercommunication with solar energy air heat collector is passed to hot air channel's one end, after passing left room, hot air channel's the other end stretches into in the drying chamber, be provided with power -driven air valve on the insulation material layer between right side room and the drying chamber, the top of right side room is provided with the opening with the lower extreme of solar energy air heat collector intercommunication. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses the cost is lower, and dry even, drying effect is good, and drying efficiency is high, and energy loss is little.

Description

A kind of solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of solar utilization technique, particularly relates to the drying equipment of a kind of solar energy air heat collector and heat pump combination.
Background technology
Solar energy is the energy of clean environment firendly, along with the development of solar energy industry, solar thermal utilization industry is widely used in the field such as industrial, agriculture, dry general principle is exactly utilize heat energy that the moisture in material is vaporized, and be diffused into the process of going in air, i.e. the process of heat and mass.
In the past, material, cereal crops utilized the sun directly to carry out the drying of cereal crops and material at fair weather mostly, along with the development of technology, had engendered that some utilize solar energy to carry out dry solar energy drying room.Solar energy drying room utilizes the solar radiation of solar energy heat collector gathering-device, carries out drying operation, the advantages such as it has low-carbon environment-friendly, arid cycle is short, drying efficiency is high, drying effect is good by configuring a whole set of control system.
But, the utilization and extention rate in solar energy drying room of the prior art is not but very high, because existing solar energy drying room is built cumbersome, and cost is high, this will certainly affect the drying of crop, grain etc., and, if meet rainy weather, the situation that grain cannot be dry in time will inevitably be caused, thus have impact on the dry opportunity of grain, have impact on the dry mass of grain especially.And the solar energy drying room of the prior art thermal efficiency is lower, and energy consumption loss is larger.
In view of this, necessaryly provide a kind of solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment, its cost is lower, uniform drying, and drying effect is good, and drying efficiency is high, and energy loss is little.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: for the deficiencies in the prior art, and provides a kind of solar energy air heat collector drying equipment, and its cost is lower, uniform drying, and drying effect is good, and drying efficiency is high, and energy loss is little.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment, comprise the drying shed surrounded by insulated wall, solar energy air heat collector, hot-air channel, heat pump dryer and drying cart, described solar energy air heat collector is arranged on the roof of described drying shed, described drying shed comprises the empty room of hothouse and top, described heat pump dryer and described drying cart are all arranged at described hothouse, described hothouse and described top are separated by adiabator layer between empty room, empty room, described top is isolated into left room and right ventricle by the cold wind partition wall be made up of insulation material, one end of described hot-air channel is communicated with the upper end of described solar energy air heat collector through described roof, the other end of described hot-air channel stretches in described hothouse through behind described left room, adiabator layer between described right ventricle and described hothouse is provided with Electric air valve, the top of described right ventricle is provided with the opening be communicated with the lower end of described solar energy air heat collector.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and is provided with blower fan in described hot-air channel.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and the bottom of described drying cart is provided with guide rail, and described drying cart is slidably disposed on described guide rail.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and the sidewall of described hothouse is provided with new air regulator and moistureproof window.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and described solar energy air heat collector is set to contactless, plate type solar air collector connection in series-parallel group.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, described equipment also comprises hothouse temperature sensor, heat collector sensor and control system, described hothouse temperature sensor is arranged in described hothouse, described heat collector sensor setting is between described solar energy air heat collector and the roof of described drying shed, described new air regulator and described moistureproof window are respectively arranged with the first air-valve and the second air-valve, described control system and described hothouse temperature sensor, described heat collector sensor, described first air-valve, described second air-valve, described Electric air valve, described heat pump dryer is connected with described blower fan.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and the back of the body outlet of described solar energy air heat collector is laid in described roof.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and the insulated wall of described drying shed is provided with Qianmen and back door.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and is provided with midfeather, described midfeather is provided with middle collapsible gate in described drying shed.
One as the utility model solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment is improved, and described heat pump dryer is arranged at the below of the other end of described hot-air channel.
Relative to prior art, the utility model structure is simple, and cost is lower, uniform drying, and drying effect is good, and drying efficiency is high, and energy loss is little.And hot air duct is built in drying shed, not only convenient installation, and also hot air duct is without the need to doing isothermal holding, and the heat of trunking loss is also in drying shed.Cold wind partition wall can make the discharge of cold wind not need pipeline, arranging of drying cart can be increased work efficiency, the setting of guide rail then can more laborsavingly save time, when the temperature in drying shed is too high, control system can start the new wind of automatic makeup and automatic exhausting operation, with the harmful effect avoiding high temperature to cause crop etc., ensure drying quality.
On daytime, supply heat by solar energy air heat collector to hothouse, evening, then can supply heat by heat pump to hothouse; On sunshine sufficient not daytime (as overcast and rainy, or the fine day that sunlight is strong not), when the temperature that hothouse temperature sensor detects in hothouse does not reach required temperature, control system controls heat pump dryer and opens, by solar energy air heat collector and heat pump dryer jointly for hothouse provides heat, to reach required temperature.So, oven dry operation is carried out, to improve the utilization rate of this drying equipment with regard to round-the-clock drying object can be treated.
During evening, solar energy air heat collector is closed, and Electric air valve is closed, and blower fan cuts out, thus the heat in barn can be stoped to spread to heat collector, and prevents heat from shedding from solar energy air heat collector.The utility model is applicable to the drying of the crops such as material, grain, matrimony vine and material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is sectional structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Wherein:
1-drying shed;
11-hothouse, empty room above 12-, 13-adiabator layer, 14-cold wind partition wall, the left room of 15-, 16-right ventricle, 17-air intake vent;
2-solar energy air heat collector;
3-hot-air channel;
4-heat pump dryer;
5-drying cart;
6-Electric air valve;
7-blower fan;
8-guide rail;
The new air regulator of 9-;
10-moistureproof window;
20-hothouse temperature sensor;
21-heat collector sensor;
22-first air-valve;
23-second air-valve;
24-Qianmen;
25-back door;
26-midfeather;
Collapsible gate in the middle of 27-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to specific embodiment, the utility model and beneficial effect thereof are described in further detail, but detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is not limited to this.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the solar energy air heat collector drying equipment that the utility model provides, comprise the drying shed 1 surrounded by insulated wall, solar energy air heat collector 2, hot-air channel 3, heat pump dryer 4 and drying cart 5, solar energy air heat collector 2 is arranged on the roof of drying shed 1, drying shed 1 comprises the empty room 12 of hothouse 11 and top, heat pump dryer 4 and drying cart 5 are all arranged at hothouse 11, hothouse 11 and top are separated by adiabator layer 13 between empty room 12, empty room 12, top is isolated into left room 15 and right ventricle 16 by the cold wind partition wall 14 be made up of insulation material, one end of hot-air channel 3 is communicated with the upper end of solar energy air heat collector 2 through roof, the other end of hot-air channel 3 stretches in hothouse 11 through behind left room 15, adiabator layer between right ventricle 16 and hothouse 11 is provided with Electric air valve 6, the top of right ventricle 16 is provided with the opening be communicated with the lower end of solar energy air heat collector 2.Wherein, the radiant energy of the sun can be converted to heat energy by solar energy air heat collector 2, right ventricle 16 is for being expelled to solar energy air heat collector 2 by the cold wind in hothouse 11, hot-air channel 4 is for entering in hothouse 11 by the hot-air heated through solar energy air heat collector 2, to ensure effective circulation of air in hothouse 11, to realize the abundant drying to crop etc.Drying cart 5 is for stacking material etc.The hot-blast outlet drying cart 5 of heat pump dryer 4.
Wherein, hot-air channel 3 is built in drying shed 1, easy for installation, and can not do isothermal holding, and the heat of this pass loss is also in drying shed 1, and therefore the heat of this pass loss is little.Cold wind partition wall 14 can make cold wind not need to arrange pipeline in addition, only the adiabator layer between right ventricle 16 and hothouse 11 need arrange Electric air valve 6 and cold wind can be made directly to lead to the air intake vent 17 of solar energy air heat collector 2.
Blower fan 7 is provided with, for being entered in hothouse 11 by the hot-air heated through solar energy air heat collector 2 in hot-air channel 3.
The bottom of drying cart 5 is provided with guide rail 8, and drying cart 5 is slidably disposed on guide rail 8.Arranging of drying cart 5 can be increased work efficiency, and the setting of guide rail 8 is then more time saving and energy saving.
Heat pump dryer 4 is arranged at the below of the other end of hot-air channel 3, and the hot-air heated through solar energy air heat collector 2 heats further through heat pump dryer 4, can make the temperature that air reaches required.
The sidewall of hothouse 11 is provided with new air regulator 9 and moistureproof window 10, when temperature is too high, new air regulator 9 and moistureproof window 10 start, open, and avoid because temperature in hothouse 11 is too high and cause bad impact to crop etc.
Solar energy air heat collector 2 is set to contactless, plate type solar air collector connection in series-parallel group.The back of the body outlet of solar energy air heat collector 2 is laid in roof.The connected mode that heat collector adopts connection in series-parallel to combine, efficiency is high, outlet temperature is high, can meet the dry requirement of general crop, and heat collector adopts back of the body outlet flush system, Embedded installation, firmly, reliably, baking room overall appearance, and easily realize waterproof.
Equipment also comprises hothouse temperature sensor 20, heat collector sensor 21 and control system, hothouse temperature sensor 20 is arranged in hothouse 11, heat collector sensor 21 is arranged between the roof of solar energy air heat collector 2 and drying shed 1, new air regulator 9 and moistureproof window 10 are respectively arranged with the first air-valve 22 and the second air-valve 23, and control system is connected with hothouse temperature sensor 20, heat collector sensor 21, first air-valve 22, second air-valve 23, Electric air valve 6, heat pump dryer 4 and blower fan 7.Hothouse temperature sensor 20 is for the temperature that detects in hothouse 11 and fed back to control system, heat collector sensor 21 is for detecting the temperature at the hot-blast outlet place of solar energy air heat collector 2 and being fed back to control system, when the temperature that hothouse temperature sensor 20 or heat collector sensor 21 detect is too high, control system starts the first air-valve 22, second air-valve 23, new air regulator 9 and moistureproof window 10 are opened, fill into fresh air, and the humid air of discharging in time in hothouse 11, avoid high temperature on the impact of crop.In addition, the Push And Release of Electric air valve 6 and blower fan 7, the degree etc. opened can be controlled by control system.When without the sun or when the temperature that heat collector sensor 21 detects lower than the temperature of hothouse temperature sensor 20(and solar energy air heat collector 2 lower than the temperature in hothouse 11) time, Electric air valve 6 and blower fan 7 are all closed, thus stop the heat in hothouse 11 to spread to solar energy air heat collector 2.
The insulated wall of drying shed 1 is provided with Qianmen 24 and back door 25, is provided with midfeather 26 in drying shed 1, whole drying shed 1 is divided into two dry places by midfeather 26, midfeather 26 is provided with middle collapsible gate 27.When toasting dull season, collapsible gate 27 in the middle of closing, only opens a part of heat pump dryer 4, only toasts a dry place, thus can reduce the waste of energy.During the baking busy season, then can open middle collapsible gate 27, two dry places are communicated, handling capacity is large, and efficiency is high.
In a word, the utility model structure is simple, and cost is lower, uniform drying, and drying effect is good, and drying efficiency is high, and energy loss is little.And hot air duct 3 is built in drying shed 1, not only convenient installation, and also hot air duct 3 is without the need to doing isothermal holding, and the heat of trunking loss is also in drying shed.Cold wind partition wall can make the discharge of cold wind not need pipeline, arranging of drying cart can be increased work efficiency, the setting of guide rail then can more laborsavingly save time, when the temperature in drying shed is too high, control system can start the new wind of automatic makeup and automatic exhausting operation, with the harmful effect avoiding high temperature to cause crop etc., ensure drying quality.
On daytime, supply heat by solar energy air heat collector to hothouse, evening, then can supply heat by heat pump to hothouse; On sunshine sufficient not daytime (as overcast and rainy, or the fine day that sunlight is strong not), when the temperature that hothouse temperature sensor detects in hothouse does not reach required temperature, control system controls heat pump dryer and opens, by solar energy air heat collector and heat pump dryer jointly for hothouse provides heat, to reach required temperature.So, oven dry operation is carried out, to improve the utilization rate of this drying equipment with regard to round-the-clock drying object can be treated.
During evening, solar energy air heat collector is closed, and Electric air valve is closed, and blower fan cuts out, thus the heat in barn can be stoped to spread to heat collector, and prevents heat from shedding from solar energy air heat collector.The utility model is applicable to the drying of the crops such as bacon, matrimony vine, seafood.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, the utility model those skilled in the art can also carry out suitable change and amendment to above-mentioned embodiment.Therefore, the utility model is not limited to detailed description of the invention disclosed and described above, also should fall in the protection domain of claim of the present utility model modifications and changes more of the present utility model.In addition, although employ some specific terms in this description, these terms just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise the drying shed surrounded by insulated wall, solar energy air heat collector, hot-air channel, heat pump dryer and drying cart, described solar energy air heat collector is arranged on the roof of described drying shed, described drying shed comprises the empty room of hothouse and top, described heat pump dryer and described drying cart are all arranged at described hothouse, described hothouse and described top are separated by adiabator layer between empty room, empty room, described top is isolated into left room and right ventricle by the cold wind partition wall be made up of insulation material, one end of described hot-air channel is communicated with the upper end of described solar energy air heat collector through described roof, the other end of described hot-air channel stretches in described hothouse through behind described left room, adiabator layer between described right ventricle and described hothouse is provided with Electric air valve, the top of described right ventricle is provided with the opening be communicated with the lower end of described solar energy air heat collector.
2. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with blower fan in described hot-air channel.
3. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described drying cart is provided with guide rail, described drying cart is slidably disposed on described guide rail.
4. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the sidewall of described hothouse is provided with new air regulator and moistureproof window.
5. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described solar energy air heat collector is set to contactless, plate type solar air collector connection in series-parallel group.
6. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described equipment also comprises hothouse temperature sensor, heat collector sensor and control system, described hothouse temperature sensor is arranged in described hothouse, described heat collector sensor setting is between described solar energy air heat collector and the roof of described drying shed, described new air regulator and described moistureproof window are respectively arranged with the first air-valve and the second air-valve, described control system and described hothouse temperature sensor, described heat collector sensor, described first air-valve, described second air-valve, described Electric air valve, described heat pump dryer is connected with described blower fan.
7. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the back of the body outlet of described solar energy air heat collector is laid in described roof.
8. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the insulated wall of described drying shed is provided with Qianmen and back door.
9. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with midfeather in described drying shed, described midfeather is provided with middle collapsible gate.
10. solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heat pump dryer is arranged at the below of the other end of described hot-air channel.
CN201520928990.5U 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment Active CN205175014U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520928990.5U CN205175014U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520928990.5U CN205175014U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Solar energy air heat collector heat pump drying equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205175014U true CN205175014U (en) 2016-04-20

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766795A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 中国科学院理化技术研究所 A kind of tunnel type multi-stage heat pump series connection desiccant dehumidification system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766795A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 中国科学院理化技术研究所 A kind of tunnel type multi-stage heat pump series connection desiccant dehumidification system

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