CN201021512Y - External wall body structure for wooden building - Google Patents

External wall body structure for wooden building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201021512Y
CN201021512Y CNU2007201034392U CN200720103439U CN201021512Y CN 201021512 Y CN201021512 Y CN 201021512Y CN U2007201034392 U CNU2007201034392 U CN U2007201034392U CN 200720103439 U CN200720103439 U CN 200720103439U CN 201021512 Y CN201021512 Y CN 201021512Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bone
fire
wooden
wood
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007201034392U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周海宾
费本华
任海青
赵荣军
王朝晖
郭伟
Original Assignee
中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所
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Priority to CNU2007201034392U priority Critical patent/CN201021512Y/en
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Publication of CN201021512Y publication Critical patent/CN201021512Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The utility model provides an external wall structure used for wooden constructions, consisting of an external hanging board, a plurality of wood parting strips, a wood structure board, a wall bone and a fireproof plasterboard from the outside inwards. The external hanging board is fixed and connected with the wood structure board through a plurality of wood parting strips, and the space between the external hanging board and the wood structure board is filled with heat-insulating material to form an external insulating layer. A plurality of wood parting strips is arranged in a grid-patterned form in the external insulating layer. The wood structure board is fixed and connected with the fireproof plasterboard through the wall bone, and the space between the wood structure board and the fireproof plasterboard is filled with heat-insulating material to form an internal insulating layer. By adopting the design of a double-layered heat-preservation structure the utility model is heat-preserving, soundproof, fireproof and applicable to wooden constructions with special requirements such as multi-floor multi-compartment buildings, hospitals, and schools and so on.

Description

The outer wall body structure of plate for timber-construction
Technical field
The utility model provides a kind of wall body structure, specifically is meant a kind of outer wall body structure of the energy-conservation sound insulation type of plate for timber-construction with double-layer heat insulation system.
Background technology
In wooden house building, wall body structure is made up of shingle nail, wall bone and heat insulating material three parts usually, and heat insulating material is positioned at the cavity that shingle nail and wall bone are constituted, and common used heat insulating material is a glass wool.This class body of wall only has single heat-insulation system, there are many weak points in actual applications: be single insulation construction 1,, and the coefficient of thermal conductivity of glass wool is higher relatively, makes that the wall thermal insulating effect of heat insulation is relatively poor owing to what use, the heat loss factor in room is big, and is energy-conservation undesirable; 2, when condensation appears in this body of wall inside, the inner glass wool that uses of body of wall is met the water capacity and is easily sunk, and causes body of wall boring phenomenon, and putrefactive phenomenon can take place the long-term humidity of glass wool; 3, this wooden construction wall body structure system increases the transmission sound amount in that the local as easy as rolling off a log formation resonance of noise often takes place, and causes the sound insulation of wall poor performance, is not suitable for using living at many families or having in the timber buildings of specific function.Especially Chinese population density height, it is intensive to live, and the problem of resonance that above-mentioned wall body structure causes and soundproof effect difference will be particularly outstanding, seriously hinder the applying of timber buildings of China.
Therefore, if can develop homemade timber buildings, will be the key of applying timber buildings in China fast, healthily according to the domestic habitation features of China and to construction function request.
The utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model provides the outer wall body structure of a kind of plate for timber-construction, has functions such as heat preservation energy-saving, sound insulation, to be fit to the many families of multilayer or the application of specific function timber buildings is arranged.
For achieving the above object, the wall body structure that the utility model provides mainly is the outer wall body structure of a kind of plate for timber-construction sound insulation type, and this wall body structure mainly comprises from outside to inside in regular turn: cladding panel, a plurality of wooden parting bead, wooden structures plate, wall bone and fire-resistant gypsum panel; Wherein, be connected and fixed by a plurality of wooden parting beads between described cladding panel and the wooden structures plate, the space between cladding panel and the wooden structures plate is filled with heat insulating material and forms external thermal insulation, and described a plurality of wooden parting beads are latticed laying in this external thermal insulation; Be connected and fixed by the wall bone between described wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel, the space between wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel is filled with heat insulating material and forms inner thermal insulating layer.
Pass through said structure, in the wall body structure of the present utility model, setting by external thermal insulation between cladding panel and the wooden structures plate and the inner thermal insulating layer between wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel, form dual heat-insulation system, can reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity of body of wall greatly, solve in the prior art defective of bringing because of dimension stock thickness and material high heat transfer coefficient, can also strengthen acoustic transmission loss simultaneously, thereby reach effects such as heat preservation energy-saving, sound insulation.
According to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, can moistureproof fibrage be set at the inner surface of the cladding panel of body of wall, for example can be moistureproof ply of paper, to give body of wall of the present utility model good moisture-proof function.
According to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, can be provided with anti-vibration rubber layer (for example vibration-proof rubber pad or vibration-proof rubber bar) in the junction between described wall bone and the fire-resistant gypsum panel, can effectively alleviate the covibration that causes in the transmission sound process like this, improve the sound insulation property of body of wall greatly.
According to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the heat insulating material of filling in the described insulation layer can be a warming plate, and these heat insulating materials can fill up external thermal insulation between described cladding panel and the wooden structures plate and the inner thermal insulating layer between wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel.But it is preferred, in the wall body structure of the present utility model, described heat insulating material is partially filled described inner thermal insulating layer and external thermal insulation, especially in the inner thermal insulating layer between described wooden structures plate and fire-resistant gypsum panel, described heat insulating material (warming plate) is to fill and make between this heat insulating material (warming plate) and the fire-resistant gypsum panel near the direction of wooden structures plate to leave certain thickness air layer, the structure design of this air layer will not only can reduce coefficient of thermal conductivity, improve sound insulation property, can also make things convenient for walking of interior circuit of body of wall or pipeline simultaneously.
In the wall body structure of the present utility model, described warming plate preferably adopts plastic foamboard, be more preferably and use the phenolic foam plate, this plastic plate is easy to inner surface (or moistureproof fibrage of cladding panel inner surface applying), wooden structures plate or the fire-resistant gypsum panel of cladding panel bonding in process, and have the characteristics of anticorrosion anti-aging, difficult combustion, even the flue gas that produces during forced burning is also harmless to environment and human body.
According to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, described cladding panel can be selected cement fibrolite plate, like this, the cement fibrolite plate of body of wall of the present utility model outside and inner fire-resistant gypsum panel all have very strong fire-proof function, can significantly improve the fire resistance rating of body of wall.On the other hand, the raw fibre in the described cement fibrolite plate can be selected from wood machining residues, perhaps selects speed to give birth to bamboo fibre, and these materials are abundant in china natural resources, low cost of manufacture.
According to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, described wall bone can be selected physical size material wall bone or finger joint stock lumber wall bone for use.Because China artificial tree aptitude source is abundant, small dimension wood especially, finger can reach the purpose of the big usefulness of small wood, the excellent usefulness of bad material, and then can improve China's Wood Processing utilization rate.
Need to prove that wall body structure of the present utility model is basic outer wall body structure, when this wall body structure is used for timber buildings, can also on the basis of this wall body structure, further lay functional layer or decorative layer etc. as the case may be.Simultaneously, the thickness equidimension of each sheet material can decide according to actual needs or does suitable adjustment in the wall body structure of the present utility model, and this is readily appreciated that for a person skilled in the art and grasps.In addition, the inside and outside direction of the body of wall described in the utility model is meant: when described body of wall is used to build, direction near the building external environment condition is defined as the outer direction of body of wall, and being defined as direction in the body of wall near interior of building or indoor direction, the inside and outside surface of each sheet material also is the inside and outside direction at body of wall in the wall body structure.
In sum, the outer wall body structure of plate for timber-construction of the present utility model has designed double-decked insulation, when having functions such as good heat preservation energy-saving, sound insulation, also can have advantages such as protection against the tide, fire prevention; And simple in structure, manufacture easily, can be prefabricated, in light weight, carrying can be out of shape, and is convenient to construction.Wall body structure of the present utility model can be suitable for the many families of multilayer or have in the timber buildings of specific function (for example there are specific (special) requirements in hospital, school etc.).On the other hand, the main material of forming wall body structure of the present utility model also can come from small dimension wood, wood machining residues and bamboo wood, at the resourceful characteristics of China's artificial forest wood (especially small dimension wood), can improve the utilization rate of timber, reduce manufacturing cost.Wall body structure of the present utility model is to develop according to the domestic habitation features of China, building function and forest material resources present situation really, has realistic meanings for applying timber buildings fast, healthily in China.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the body of wall of a specific embodiment of the present utility model is overlooked cross-sectional view.
Fig. 2 is that the body of wall of another specific embodiment of the present utility model is overlooked cross-sectional view.
Fig. 3 is wooden parting bead arrangement schematic diagram on the wooden structures plate in the wall body structure of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the arrangement schematic diagram of wall bone in the wall body structure of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Further describe the design feature of body of wall of the present utility model and the beneficial effect that is had below by specific embodiment, but therefore the utility model is not subjected to any restriction.
Embodiment 1
See also shown in Figure 1, illustrated a specific embodiment of the present utility model body of wall overlook cross-section structure, as can be seen, the wall body structure of present embodiment mainly comprises from outside to inside in regular turn: cladding panel 1, a plurality of wooden parting bead 2, wooden structures plate 3, wall bone 4, fire-resistant gypsum panel 5; Be connected and fixed by a plurality of wooden parting beads 2 between the external surface of the inner surface of described cladding panel 1 and wooden structures plate 3, and be filled with heat insulating material 6 in the space between the external surface of the inner surface of this cladding panel 1 and wooden structures plate 3 and form the external thermal insulation of the wall body structure of present embodiment; Be connected and fixed by wall bone 4 between the external surface of the inner surface of described wooden structures plate 3 and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5, this wall bone 4 between wooden structures plate 3 and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5 setting and be connected and fixed mode and can grasp easily for a person skilled in the art, can be same as the prior art; Space between the external surface of the inner surface of wooden structures plate 3 and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5 is filled with heat insulating material 6 and forms the inner thermal insulating layer of the wall body structure of present embodiment.By the setting of inside and outside dual heat insulation layer structure, the body of wall of present embodiment can effectively reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity of body of wall, improves the wall thermal insulating energy saving; Also can strengthen acoustic transmission loss simultaneously, strengthen the sound insulation effect.
Please consult shown in Figure 3 simultaneously, illustrated the arrangement of wooden parting bead 2 on wooden structures plate 3 of seeing from wall outer side in the wall body structure, arrow signal direction is represented the above-below direction of body of wall among the figure, as can be seen, wood parting bead 2 is to be vertically and horizontally arranged into fenestral fabric regularly, securely cladding panel 1 and wooden structures plate 3 are linked together, and the external thermal insulation that forms between described cladding panel 1 and the wooden structures plate 3 is separated into the cavity of a plurality of sealings, described heat insulating material 6 promptly is filled in these cavitys, like this, wooden parting bead also can play the effect of supporting the heat insulating material 6 in this external thermal insulation simultaneously.
See also shown in Figure 4, illustrated the arrangement of the wall bone 4 seen from the body of wall inboard in the wall body structure, arrow signal direction is represented the above-below direction of body of wall among the figure, as can be seen, wall bone 4 is vertically to arrange in order in the present embodiment, securely wooden structures plate 3 and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5 are linked together, can also play the effect of supporting the heat insulating material 6 in the described inner thermal insulating layer simultaneously.
Embodiment 2
See also shown in Figure 2, illustrated another preferred embodiment of the present utility model body of wall overlook cross-section structure, the wall body structure of present embodiment is the further improvement on the wall body structure of embodiment 1, main improvements are: at the inner surface of the described Cement fibre cladding panel 1 moistureproof fibrage 11 (being moistureproof ply of paper 11 in the present embodiment) that further has been sticked, can improve the moisture-proof function of body of wall.And, in the present embodiment, junction between the external surface of described wall bone 4 and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5 is provided with anti-vibration rubber layer 7 (vibration-proof rubber pad), can effectively alleviate the gypsum plank that causes in the transmission sound process and the resonance of wall bone like this, eliminate the overhead speaker effect of wall bone, improve the sound insulation property of body of wall greatly.In addition, in the wall body structure of present embodiment, heat insulating material 6 in the described inner thermal insulating layer is a warming plate, it does not have the full described inner thermal insulating layer of complete filling, but between the external surface of this warming plate and fire-resistant gypsum panel 5, leave certain thickness air layer 8, the setting of this air layer 8 not only can further reduce coefficient of thermal conductivity, improves insulation, sound insulation property, can also make things convenient for walking of interior circuit of body of wall or pipeline simultaneously.
Embodiment 3
Please consult shown in Figure 2ly again, the annexation in the wall body structure of present embodiment between each sheet material is with embodiment 2.In the present embodiment, what described cladding panel 1 was selected for use is cement fibrolite plate 1, like this, present embodiment wall body structure in, outside cement fibrolite plate 1 and inner fire-resistant gypsum panel 5 all have very strong fire-proof function, can significantly improve the fire resistance rating of body of wall.On the other hand, the raw fibre in the described cement fibrolite plate 1 can be selected from wood machining residues, perhaps selects speed to give birth to bamboo fibre, and these materials are abundant in china natural resources, low cost of manufacture.
Embodiment 4
Please consult shown in Figure 2ly again, the annexation in the wall body structure of present embodiment between each sheet material is with embodiment 2.In the present embodiment, described heat insulating material 6 is a warming plate 6, what adopt is the phenolic foam plate, this plastic plate is easy to be adhesively fixed with the inner surface (exactly being the moistureproof ply of paper 11 that cladding panel 1 inner surface is fitted in the present embodiment) and the wooden structures plate 3 of cladding panel 1 in process, and this warming plate 6 has anticorrosion aging-resistant characteristics, simultaneously difficult combustion is even the flue gas that produces during forced burning is also harmless to environment and human body.The wall body structure of this embodiment is particularly useful for having the many families of multilayer to live or hospital, school etc. have in the wood structure building of specific (special) requirements.
Embodiment 5
Please consult shown in Figure 1ly again, the annexation in the wall body structure of present embodiment between each sheet material is with embodiment 1.In the present embodiment, what described wall bone 4 was selected for use is physical size material wall bone or finger joint stock lumber wall bone, because China's artificial forest wood is the small dimension wood aboundresources especially, select for use finger joint lumber can reach the effect of the big usefulness of small wood, the excellent usefulness of bad material, and then improve China's Wood Processing utilization rate.The wall body structure of this embodiment is to design at China's forest material resources present situation, tallies with the national condition.

Claims (7)

1. the outer wall body structure of plate for timber-construction is characterized in that this wall body structure comprises from outside to inside in regular turn: cladding panel, a plurality of wooden parting bead, wooden structures plate, wall bone and fire-resistant gypsum panel; Wherein,
Be connected and fixed by a plurality of wooden parting beads between described cladding panel and the wooden structures plate, the space between cladding panel and the wooden structures plate is filled with heat insulating material and forms external thermal insulation, and described a plurality of wooden parting beads are latticed laying in this external thermal insulation;
Be connected and fixed by the wall bone between described wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel, the space between wooden structures plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel is filled with heat insulating material and forms inner thermal insulating layer.
2. wall body structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the inner surface of the described cladding panel moistureproof fibrage that has been sticked.
3. wall body structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the junction between described wall bone and the fire-resistant gypsum panel is provided with anti-vibration rubber layer.
4. wall body structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the heat insulating material in the described inner thermal insulating layer is a warming plate, and leaves air layer between this warming plate and the fire-resistant gypsum panel.
5. wall body structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described cladding panel is the cement fibrolite plate made of fiber process that is used to from wood machining residues or the living bamboo of speed.
6. wall body structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described wall bone is physical size material wall bone or finger joint stock lumber wall bone.
7. wall body structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described heat insulating material is a plastic foamboard.
CNU2007201034392U 2007-02-02 2007-02-02 External wall body structure for wooden building CN201021512Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505862A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-06-20 中山建华墙体材料有限公司 Installing process of lightweight internal partition wallboards
CN101775852B (en) * 2010-01-12 2012-09-19 上海市建筑科学研究院科技发展总公司 Method for improving fire resistance of wood beam
CN103031908A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 德胜(苏州)洋楼有限公司 Window pre-reserved type outer wall for wood structure construction
CN103074953A (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-05-01 上海市建筑科学研究院(集团)有限公司 Method for improving fire-resistant limit of wood floor system through filling rock wool
CN104100023A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-10-15 杨玉生 Frame structural non-bearing site construction lightweight thermal insulation wall
CN105256961A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-20 上海通璞建筑科技有限公司 External wall system
CN105544846A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Cross-ply building block integrated wallboard with embedded insulating layer
CN105544791A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber integrated insulation wallboard
CN109838011A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-04 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 A kind of bamboo structure wall

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101775852B (en) * 2010-01-12 2012-09-19 上海市建筑科学研究院科技发展总公司 Method for improving fire resistance of wood beam
CN103031908A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 德胜(苏州)洋楼有限公司 Window pre-reserved type outer wall for wood structure construction
CN102505862A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-06-20 中山建华墙体材料有限公司 Installing process of lightweight internal partition wallboards
CN102505862B (en) * 2011-11-03 2014-03-05 中山建华墙体材料有限公司 Installing process of lightweight internal partition wallboards
CN103074953A (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-05-01 上海市建筑科学研究院(集团)有限公司 Method for improving fire-resistant limit of wood floor system through filling rock wool
CN104100023A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-10-15 杨玉生 Frame structural non-bearing site construction lightweight thermal insulation wall
CN105256961A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-20 上海通璞建筑科技有限公司 External wall system
CN105544846A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Cross-ply building block integrated wallboard with embedded insulating layer
CN105544791A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber integrated insulation wallboard
CN105544791B (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-10-13 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of integrated heat-insulation wall plate of orthogonal layers building blocks
CN109838011A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-04 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 A kind of bamboo structure wall

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Granted publication date: 20080213

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