CN1891397A - Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series - Google Patents

Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series Download PDF

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CN1891397A
CN1891397A CN 200610006557 CN200610006557A CN1891397A CN 1891397 A CN1891397 A CN 1891397A CN 200610006557 CN200610006557 CN 200610006557 CN 200610006557 A CN200610006557 A CN 200610006557A CN 1891397 A CN1891397 A CN 1891397A
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wheel
car
machine
electromagnetism
electromagnet
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胡宁成
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Abstract

This invention provides several kinds of rust-removing machines, polishing machines and grinding wheel machines capable of marching along the surface of steel workpieces like geckos and removing rust, polishing and grind effectively in the 3-D space for site producing or repairing steel products such as containers, pipelines and ships and also provides sprayers, semi-automatic cutting machines and automatic electric welding operators moving along the surfaces of the workpieces in the 3-D space and spraying, cutting and welding and a gecko-like electromagnetic cars as means of delivery.

Description

Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series
The present invention relates to the electrically powered machine of a kind of rust cleaning of being convenient to construct, spraying, polishing, grinding, cutting, gas cutting, electric welding at steel product processing and fabricating and installation, maintenance scene.
The existing mechanical derusting method is sandblast or spray shot, and chemical derusting is pickling.Because these two kinds of methods only all exist and could implement in specific workplace, can not construct in the space of installing, overhauling, and cost is very high, efficient is low, just some are valuable in products such as automobile cases making, or just use as the installation of oxygen generating plant, pipeline in special engineering.What generally use is hand cleaning, as rub with emery cloth, with the wire brush brush, more advanced slightly be hand-held angle grinding machine, by on the grinding machine of angle at a high speed the wire brush of rotation eliminate rust.Because the manipulation strength of angle grinding machine is big, dust is many, workman's continued operation just has sense of fatigue after a few minutes, is difficult to rust cleaning in earnest, causes general anticorrosive quality problem, thereby causes the serious problems of a large amount of steel product losts of life and iron and steel waste.Hand operated grinding wheel grinding labour intensity is also very big.Nowadays the colored steel that generally uses also is a common iron, though extremely thin, because it has just been got up by coating protection before getting rusty, service life is very long on the contrary.About the situation of existing derusting method, " the application worker technician training materials " the 8th to 26 page that Chinese China Machine Press publishes in May, 2002 has detailed introduction.
Existing semi-automatic gas cutting machine as CG1-30 type etc., can only be constructed on horizontal plane.Existing submerged arc automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator also is merely able to constructing on the horizontal plane or on the plane near level, for welding cylindrical shape, spherical steel piece, automatic welding carriage can only be placed on planer-type or the column manipulator, allow the workpiece that is placed on the carriage rotate, thereby in the welding of acclive slightly position.These gate-types, the column bulky structure of operating machine is not easy, and price is also very high, thereby causes the inconvenient welding cost height of construction.About above-mentioned situation, many all on the books about the technology books and the teaching material of gas cutting and electric welding.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of that undertaken fully or automanual by machine, be applicable to various workplaces, to iron and steel parts eliminate rust, polish, the electrically powered machine of spraying, grinding, cutting, gas cutting, electric welding.That says here is suitable for various workplaces, be meant this machine can be as gecko at vertical direction, below unsettled horizontal plane, just can on the three dimensions all directions, construct to iron and steel parts.
Invention is to realize like this.
At first design a kind of carrier loader that can as gecko, advance in the three dimensions all directions at surface of steel workpiece.The design of this car has two schemes, first scheme is to design a kind of like this electromagnetism wheel, the power supply of each piece electromagnet core only has and must have 1~2 block of electromagnet near to or in contact with surface of the work to connect power supply by energising of the slip ring on same wheel and outage.Along with the rotation of wheel, wheel and electromagnetism car that advancing or static can both " be glued " on the finished surface that is attached to iron and steel parts firmly thereby wheel all has electromagnetic force to exist all the time near the outer the surface of the work.The electro-magnetic braking device that adjustable dynamics is installed on axletree is controlled at the downstream rate of vertical wall or descending.Alternative plan is that electromagnet is adjustable position up and down at four jiaos or other positions installation electromagnet near four wheels.This car can be a carriage, can be sprocket wheel and caterpillar car.Electrotechnical ABC is told us, when electromagnet near and still have huge electromagnetic attracting force iron and steel parts when directly not contacting steel surface, just sake is long-pending more little more for air-gap, electromagnetic attraction is big more.The coiling electromagnet core can have the armature of oneself, also can be surface of the work as armature.The coiled wire-wound coil of four electromagnet cores all is divided into two groups, first group of number of turns is minimum, use when specializing on horizontal plane operation, second group of number of turns is much more, use when specializing on non-horizontal surface operation, have only when the electromagnetism car just to allow two groups of coils switch on simultaneously in order to allow the downward projecting part of lower surface unshakable in one's determination or car touch when surface of the work produces frictional force when vertical wall or descending are descending, because wheel or crawler belt outside all are with elasticity rubber, vehicle body will descend slightly when electromagnetic force increases.The method that produces frictional force when descending moves down the projecting part that designs on the car with ining addition, makes it touch surface of the work, also can be at the electromagnetic brake of the adjustable dynamics of installation on the axletree or on the wheel.Except that lower surface, be connected in four iron cores that become as a whole together and all want conductively-closed, prevent from iron and steel parts is on every side magnetized, to add the shirt rim of touching surface of the work around the bottom, prevent that croci is sucked into electromagnet.According to same principle, change four jiaos electromagnet into permanent magnet, also can make same small-sized gecko formula magnetic force car.Can be by the position that moves up and down of radio regulating magnet.
The rust cleaning, the polishing machine that are installed on the above-mentioned electromagnetism car have three kinds.First kind is installation one to three cover or the more working machine that can carry and drive the round wire brush on the electromagnetism car, relies on electric power and the wire brush of high speed rotation, eliminates rust effectively thereby closely be attached to steel surface by the downward pulling force of the spring on the electromagnetism car.Using polishing disk instead then can polish.Second kind of machine be, the instrument that it rotates at a high speed is not a wire brush, but the cylinder of steel wire.The steel wire of this steel wire post also is to utilize the sharp tip rust cleaning of steel wire by radially being radial or approximate radial laying.This steel wire post is different with existing wire wheel, though the steel wire of existing wire wheel also radially is radial laying, existing steel wire wheel axle line length is very little, only is suitable for replacing the emery wheel of manual or fixing abrasive machine.And steel wire cylinder of the present invention axial length much longer (more than the 95mm) not only, and this steel wire post can also make eel-like figure by the size of cylindrical work diameter, the steel wire post that makes band eel-like figure steel wire head when rotated can be close to the outer surface of cylindrical work.If in order to polish, when making polishing tool with the textile that is stained with finer abrasive, also will make the cylindrical of cylindrical or band eel-like figure, it and above-mentioned steel wire post can exchange.The third rust cleaning, polishing machine are in electromagnetism car the place ahead or one pair of support that swings by motor and cam mechanism or ratchet mechanism control is installed at the rear, the support of swing comes and goes the pulling steel wire or posts the belt of emery cloth, and this silk screen or emery cloth are close to the lower surface of cylinder, the electromagnetism car along cylinder axis to advance and retreat, thereby reach the purpose of rust cleaning polishing.This is applicable to the workpiece of processing minor diameter.Dust catcher also will be installed or separately and exclusively be disposed to the rust cleaning of these kinds, polishing machine, and the one, for free from environmental pollution, the 2nd, prevent that croci from being gathered on the electromagnet.Also can little hair-dryer be installed on machine and constantly croci be blown away, constructing in the open air, this allows.
Compare with existing derusting method, gecko formula electromagnetism rust remover is not selected the place, can both use in three-dimensional many occasions.For example, the maintenance of big small steamer, the maintenance of many chemical tower jars all needs rust cleaning at the scene, and how how is shot-peening realized eliminating rust in sandblast? can not.Rust cleaning built layer by layer certainly by hand, labour intensity greatly and the rust cleaning that thereupon brings thoroughly all be not big problem.Use gecko formula electromagnetism rust remover then can construct at the scene easily, hang up pulley, safety rope is fastened on rust remover as long as burn-on at the top, with stay cord as supplementary means, the operation that just can eliminate rust very effectively of gecko formula electromagnetism rust remover.Gecko formula electromagnetism rust remover cost is only about 2,000 yuan, in the work power consumption few, its cost is very low.
The enforcement of the semi-automatic gas cutting machine of gecko formula is just easier, the dolly of existing semi-automatic gas cutting machine need only being repacked into the electromagnetism car, to add chain rail provided by the invention just passable, because existing gas cutting machine dolly has facilities such as oneself deceleration, governor, just there be not the function and the line slideway of electromagnetism car.
Gecko formula automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator then in two kinds of situation.For submerged-arc welding, existing automatic weldering dolly and supporting equipment thereof are also more complete, and functions such as striking, automatic feeding, speed governing have, and dolly need only be made into the electromagnetism car and just can cancel existing column, planer-type and weld manipulator automatically.Realizing vertical position welding, horizontal position welding then have only, dolly is transformed, make it to be applicable to gas shielded arc welding as argon arc welding one class.The argon arc welding welding wire is thin, and the electric current that needs is little, and the molten bath is little during welding, and liquid metals condenses faster.Though still there is not vertical position welding, the overhead welding precedent of weldering automatically at present, this prerequisite of electromagnetism car has been arranged now, welding tractor can realize that vertical position welding, the horizontal position welding of argon arc welding should be possible in any position of weldment advance and retreat.
With can also needing certainly to consider safety measure as the master tool of toy, amusement appliance that electromagnetism wheel or electromagnet constitute, also can be used as certain robotlike's master tool at the car that Tie Bi upper edge three dimensions all directions are freely advanced.But the permanent magnet with roll adjustment when making toy is more suitable for.
Now the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the electromagnet of electromagnetism wheel and the structural representation of corresponding slip ring.The 1st, by the I-shaped iron core that thin silicon steel sheet gathers into folds, each iron core is separated by nonmagnetic substance mutually, and the 3rd, the lead on the iron core.The 2nd, slip ring, on the slip ring each sheet strip conductor each other insulated body separate.Sheet strip conductor on the slip ring 2 is to arrange like this, whenever the monolithic electromagnet forwards surface near to or in contact with iron and steel parts to, have only and must make and connect circuit, thereby produce continual electromagnetic attraction iron and steel parts by brush at the electromagnet of this position.This just forms wheel and is rotating or halted state, and the electromagnetic force that attracts iron and steel parts is all arranged.Each I-shaped electromagnetic core is stitched together and forms circular integral body, also can install in the rim of soft magnetic material, and rim shields.
Fig. 2 is the general assembly drawing scaled with vertical view of facing of gecko formula I type rust cleaning polishing machine.The a pair of electromagnetic clutch 12 of the worm reduction gear 2 of double reduction by being equipped with on gear drive rear axle and the rear axle, the pair of sprocket 1 that clutch 12 drives on the rear axle, sprocket wheel 1 drives the crawler belt 11 that is transformed into by driving-chain and then drives the advance and retreat that a pair of front-wheel is realized car.Fig. 5 is transformed into the design drawing of track link with chain number for the driving-chain chain link of 16A (GB1243.1-83) exactly, and the 2nd, 90 ° the outer plate of outwards turning back, the 1st, arc, the 3rd, elastic caoutchouc skin.Thereby should wheel when the energising of one of them electromagnetic clutch and the turning of clutch separation realization car.Four blocks of same electromagnet or electromagnet core 9 are symmetrically distributed in four jiaos and occupied the whole position of car body, and by the distance that four bolts 13 are regulated control electromagnet and surface of the work, other has two horizontal bolts tightly electromagnet 9 to be fixed on the car body.When I type car on the vertical wall or down-hill position needs static or when advancing downwards, whole coil electricities of electromagnet, thereby the electromagnetic force that has increased compresses the outer rubber of crawler belt makes the lower surface of electromagnet core or projecting part contact workpiece surface produce frictional force, thereby realizes static or downward jogging.When advancing, surface of the work then need only allow the coil sections energising make electromagnet or iron core just passable near surface of the work as far as possible in three-dimensional other position.14 are mounted in the workbench on the I type electromagnetism car, and different with the polishing disk axial dimension because of wire brush, platform has two different installation sites of height, and platform can swing up and down around fixing axle 3.The working machine power that comprises motor, power transmission shaft, gear etc. and 4, three working machines 7 of transmission system have been installed on the platform 14 to be staggered before and after each other and is installed in the front of platform 14.About two springs 6 workbench and car body are connected together, thereby spring pulls down platform tightly and makes wire brush or polishing disk be close to workpiece to realize rust cleaning or polishing effectively during operation.Electromagnetism is praised the energising before operation begins or stops operation of 5 in machine and is lifted platform and be convenient to the working machine starting or stop.Longeron 10 and front axle rely on that nut is fastening to link, and link and support rear axle with bearing and rear axle, and two sections internal thread rotation directions of adjusting screw nut 8 are opposite, thereby the length that can regulate longeron 10, are convenient to the dismounting of crawler belt.
Fig. 3 is the installation diagram of separate unit working machine.Working machine is through the transmission of umbrella tooth, and the vertical axis lower end is installed existing φ 80mm round wire brush on the market.Three working machines are worked simultaneously, the most convenient of working on flat work pieces.But also can eliminate rust to the non-planar surfaces of large diameter sphere, cylinder or other shapes, polish, because about two working machines can be that positioning is reversed along double dotted line in the center with trunnion axis 1, the all adjustable length of the vertical axis of left, center, right three machines, shortening, and also have fine adjustment function, make the wire brush of each unit can both be close to workpiece.Vertical axis 2 lower ends drive connecting shaft joint 5 and wire brush rotation with spline.The internal thread epimere of adjusting screw nut 3 is left-handed and the left-handed double-screw bolt 6 on top matches, and hypomere is matching with joint 5 of dextrorotation, allows nut 3 left-handed or dextrorotation, this arbor vertical dimension is shortened or elongation.Fig. 4 is an adjusting screw nut, and its fine adjustment function is the position arrangement of 4 screws, and two pairs of screws are on same cross section, but its center line is each other by 45 ° of intersections.When this arbor line length of fine setting, the least unit of adjusting screw nut adjustable-length is 1 * 45/360=0.125 millimeter, because of pitch is 1mm.After mixing up, distance, just located after fastening just with the keyway of two screw precession splines.Also designed dust cover with each wire brush cover, dustproof by dust catcher, just do not draw on the figure.
Gecko formula II type rust cleaning polishing machine is compared with the I type has only part inequality, the ground-engaging element of the gecko car of II type is the wheel rather than the sprocket wheel of cover rubber, the electromagnetic clutch that adds on its electromagnet, the rear axle, workbench, working machine and corresponding transmission system or the like all are the same, the part diagram of design all is same, so figure here is not provided.
All be fixed on the electromagnetism car of I, II type rust remover before and after the workbench, platform the place ahead adds three vertical supports that weldering is staggered mutually, working machine is separately fixed in the vertical supports, and the vertical axis of each working machine drives by trunnion axis and the bevel gear that is put in by power on the platform and transmission system.The vertical axis of working machine and its bearing and the urceolus of rigid bearing establish one's own system, and can slide up and down in fixing working machine casing.Can not rotate because of top also is included in inner/outer tube with the umbrella tooth, the epimere of axle relies on spline to link to each other with the umbrella tooth.The urceolus upper end of vertical axis links to each other with an electromagnet, forces urceolus and vertical axis to be extended downwards because of the spring in the electromagnet extends during work, thereby makes the wire brush of rotation contact the operation that eliminates rust with workpiece.Starting or stop operation before electromagnet energising urceolus and vertical axis mentioned allowed wire brush leave surface of the work.Vertical supports and working machine also can be two cover or covers.Vertical supports and working machine also can be installed in the side of electromagnetism car, also can be made into left-right rotation to workbench.
Fig. 6 is gecko formula III type rust cleaning, polishing machine the is faced general assembly drawing scaled with vertical view.Compare with I, II type, III type volume is littler, and electromagnetic clutch (can pacify) is not installed on the driving shaft, is also driven by two-stage worm reduction gear 1.If desired can be at the imitative Hyundai Motor design of front-wheel turning structure.The purpose that designs this machine is to be convenient to external diameter be the polishing that eliminates rust of steel pipe more than the φ 200mm, also can process large diameter cylinder, sphere, even the plane.The 12nd, electromagnet.Four coils grouping electromagnet core identical, that electromagnetic force is equivalent is uniformly distributed in four jiaos of car, and lower surface all is the face of cylinder, and left-right symmetry also must be on the coaxial face of cylinder.Easy to adjust for installing, four electromagnet cores are associated in again and become integral body together, are shielded from except that lower surface in the same cover.Bolt 3 is used for regulating height, and bolt 2 is used for the fastening of electromagnet.10 is car body.11,13 is trailing wheel, front-wheel, the outer ring also is an elastic caoutchouc, be designed to truncated cone shape here, also can be designed to short cylindrical shape.Also wheel can be changed into the electromagnetism wheel and cancel four jiaos electromagnet.Two pairs of belt wheels 5 of work drive motor 7 and steel wire post 4 and transmission all are installed on the support 6 that can swing up and down.Steel wire post 4 can also be changed columned file, emery wheel cylindric or the band eel-like figure.14 is driving-belt.The spring 9 of the right and left also is that pulling support 6 makes at a high speed the machining tool steel wire post 4 of rotation be close to surface of the work to carry out operation.Tractive magnet 8 is raised support 6 by rope and pulley pulling, is convenient to process the starting of operation and stop.Double dotted line illustrates the position of dust cover, and the dust cover upper connecting tube is communicated with dust catcher can prevent dust pollution.Little hair-dryer also can be installed in the open air blows away dust.Fig. 9 is the steel wire post of band eel-like figure.
The arbor that steel wire post 4 is installed among Fig. 6 is transformed, make it to be suitable for installing the emery wheel that generally uses now, correspondingly front support frame is extended forward again, make it be suitable for installing the thin grinding wheel or the used high-speed steel circular saw bit of circular sawing machine of cutting machine, gecko formula III type rust remover just becomes gecko formula abrasive machine, gecko formula cutting machine.The carrier loader of these rust removers, abrasive machine etc. can be that four-wheel adds electromagnet, can be that sprocket wheel and crawler belt add electromagnet, also can be the electromagnetism wheel.
If operation such as rust cleaning polishing grade is to carry out on the working face of level, I, II, the rust cleaning of III type gecko formula, polishing, milling drum then can make gravity type into, and it is just passable to load onto enough weights onboard.
I, II type can change workbench into the vehicle frame of Fig. 6, repack the machine with steel wire post processing cylinder, sphere and plane that is similar to the III type into.
I, II, III type all design the structure of fastening rope, and aerial work can be fastened safety rope, prevent to wait in particular cases machine to fall to hurt sb.'s feelings or damage machine in outage suddenly.
Figure 11 is the spray gun of gecko formula flush coater and the structural representation of paint can, the 11st, and spheroidal tank body, nut 12 are bonded on its mouth.The 2nd, airtight and watertight padding, the 3rd, gland, the 1st, the pipette of attraction coating, the 7th, the flexible pipe of the pipette of connection pipette and spray gun 5.Bolt plug 10 not only presses gland 3, and it also will be enclosed within supporter 9 on its cylinder and be limited in and can only rotate on the position that can not move up and down.The bottom extension board of spray gun 5 is inserted into supporter 9 and connects by bolt, and spray gun 5 can swing up and down along bolt, by nut 8 fastening location.Supporter 9 is by bolt 4 fastening location.The 6th, the flexible pipe at spray gun compressed air inlet place.Figure 12 is the structural representation that the spherical basket of paint can is installed.The 1st, the reinforcing bar of spherical basket, paint can 5 is placed in the basket, fixes by a pair of fastening bolt 3 that has ball ring, the 2nd, support, the 4th, connecting bolt.Spherical basket can be installed in by support on the front end or support of workbench of I, II, the various gecko formula of III rust remover.Energising is positioned at the electromagnetism car body on the surface of the iron and steel parts that will soon be sprayed before the operation, the mouth of the paint can in the basket is transferred to the position that makes progress at plumb line, add coating then, again spray gun and bolt plug are installed, mix up behind the spray angle of spray gun and the position fastening bolt nut one by one, just can as all places such as gecko, advance and implement spraying operation.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of gecko formula automatic (submerged arc) weldering dolly at job position.The 1st, flux hopper, the 2nd, by the welding wire of automatic feeding machine handover, the 8th, conduction is chewed, and the 3rd, terminal, these all are that the existing dolly of weldering automatically possesses.The 7th, car body, the 6th, be with elastic caoutchouc dolly wheel in addition, 9 is electromagnet cores that four electromagnetic forces equate, and each piece all has one, two group of coil, and four iron cores are distributed in four jiaos in dolly, all conductively-closeds except that lower surface.The 4th, regulate bolt just unshakable in one's determination, the 5th, workpiece to be welded.The 10th, outstanding downwards parts are in the position of contact workpiece this moment.Second group of less coil of the number of turns of electromagnet only used the time in welding on horizontal plane, then allows two groups of coils switch on simultaneously when vertical wall or descending are descending or static, in other position then with first group of many coil of the number of turns.Fig. 7 is the situation to the cylindrical work welding.Conduction chew 8 and welding wire 2 keep becoming 30 °~40 ° angle with plumb line, workpiece 5 is placed on the turning rolls and is driven by the stepless time adjustment device, the outer surface line speed of the workpiece 5 that rotates is opposite with the gait of march equidirectional of dolly, and dolly remains this angle and position and finishes weld job.It then is to allow dolly place to mix up maintain static on the fixed mount of position that existing column or planer-type weld manipulator automatically.If allow gecko formula automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator is welded in the overhead position, vertical position welding etc., adopt the thin less gas shielded arc welding of electric current of welding wire, as argon arc welding, be not impossible.The trend of chain type guide rail control dolly is installed on workpiece.Fig. 9 is the chain rail that for this reason designs, and it can be magnetized and be attached to easily on the workpiece, can also be fixed on the workpiece by it with additive method.Also can cancel electromagnet, use the electromagnetism wheel instead.The dolly of gas shielded arc welding also should so be designed to the electromagnetism car.
Fig. 8 is gecko formula semi-automatic gas cutting machine cuts groove round a steel pipe 9 a schematic diagram.The 1st, cut and chew, the 2nd, oxygen channel, the 3rd, acetylene passage, the 8th, very close but do not have four equally distributed four jiaos same electromagnet cores of contact tube outer wall, the 4th, the bolt of regulating magnet height, the 6th, the outside is with the wheel of elastic caoutchouc, the 5th, car body, the 7th, spacing chain rail.The 10th, to the down outstanding parts of car, the whole coils that must connect one, two groups of electromagnet during descending or descending along the pipe outer wall when this dolly below electromagnet or projecting part 10 with manage outer wall and contact to overcome advancing fast that gravity causes.Also can cancel electromagnet and use the electromagnetism wheel instead.

Claims (10)

1. rely on electromagnetic attraction as gecko, on the steel surface of three dimensions all directions, advance and to this workpiece eliminate rust, polish, the electrically powered machine of spraying, grinding, cutting, gas cutting, electric welding field, the feature of this class machine is: they all use the delivery vehicle of electromagnetism car as electrically powered machine, thereby can be three-dimensional respectively to advancing, this electromagnetism car has three kinds of different versions.A kind of is the wheel that four outer rings are with elasticity rubber, and four jiaos of car are equipped with the electromagnet core that is wound with coil that lower surface is almost soon pressed close to surface of the work near wheel, derives thus and is installed in four jiaos small-sized gecko magnetic force car with permanent magnet.Second kind of electromagnetism car is to replace wheel by sprocket wheel with the crawler belt that driving-chain is transformed into, and also four jiaos at vehicle body are equipped with similar electromagnet core.The third electromagnetism car is to replace common wheel with the electromagnetism wheel, and the coiling electromagnet core is installed on the electromagnetism wheel.These electromagnetism cars all rely on electromagnetic force to be attracted to surface of the work and are drawn by motor.These electrically powered machines all have working machine separately to be installed on the electromagnetism car.Rust cleaning polishing is reciprocal extending type on the minor diameter steel.Rust cleaning or polishing is the rust cleaning polishing machine that eliminates rust or polish with rotatable wire brush or rotation polishing disk on straight surface of the work.Rust cleaning or polishing usefulness is on cylindrical or spherical and straight surface of the work, the rust cleaning polishing machine that the cylindrical steel wire post of the cylindrical or band eel-like figure of utilization rotation or the polishing post of similar shape eliminate rust or polish, these rust removers all have dust catcher and collect iron oxide dust, hair-dryer perhaps is installed on machine blows iron oxide off.The working machine of gecko formula abrasive machine (being milling drum), cutting machine, flush coater is identical with cardinal principle on this class rust cleaning polishing machine structure, the a few components such as arbor that machining tool just is installed on frame have some changes so that plain wheel or the disc wheel that is used to cut are installed or are used for the high-speed steel circular saw bit of circular sawing machine, and paint can and spray gun perhaps are installed.Gecko formula gas cutting machine, gecko formula automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator then have characteristics in addition, be to repack existing gas cutting machine dolly, automatic electric weld(ing) dolly into the electromagnetism car, original working machine, hauling machine all remain unchanged on the dolly, and for guaranteeing the direction of dolly, dolly has the drag chain rail of oneself.
2. ask the gecko formula electromagnetism carrier loader that three kinds of different structure forms are arranged of claim 1 record; its feature is: it can constitute the electromagnetism car with the electromagnetism wheel; each electromagnetism wheel is made of some I-shaped electromagnet coiling iron cores; iron core radially waits radius distribution and insulated from each other; being bolted together forms a circular wheel that is centrosymmetric, and the outer ring can put the magnetic protection circle.Slip ring is arranged around axletree in the middle of the wheel, slip ring is design like this, when slip ring rotates with wheel, have only and must have contact or have electric current to pass through, thereby guarantee that each wheel under any circumstance all has electromagnetic force to make car be attracted on the steel surface and can advance and retreat freely and turn near one to two block of electromagnet of surface of the work.It can combine with several electromagnet cores, and all conductively-closed gets up to be installed in then the centre of car except that lower surface, and can heighten lower position.The coiling of several electromagnet is identical, every coil all divides two groups, its operation parts can be the wheels that is with elasticity rubber, can be sprocket wheel and the crawler belt that is transformed into by sprocket wheel, the outer plate of track link is outwards turned back 90 °, arc with about two outer plates be connected in-rise, on the arc with elasticity rubber.The gecko car rely in the middle of the car several lower surfaces near and not the electromagnet of contact workpiece the attraction of workpiece is invested workpiece securely and can turn to enterprising the returning of surface of the work.Car turn to the electromagnetic clutch that can utilize on the rear axle, also can utilize reversing of front-wheel.First group of coil quantity of electromagnet is few, use when specializing on horizontal plane operation, second group of number of turns is many, specialize at non-horizontal level and use, have only when car when plummet wall or descending are descending two groups of coils just energising simultaneously allow lower surface unshakable in one's determination touch surface of the work, or allowing the outstanding downwards parts of car touch surface of the work, the generation by frictional force slows down downstream rate.Comprise the electromagnetism car of forming by the electromagnetism wheel, can be used in axletree or wheel and when the method for the electromagnetic brake of the adjustable dynamics of last installation makes car descending, slow down.Can change the electromagnet of car central authorities into permanent magnet, and move down by the radio wave regulating magnet and to touch wall or reset, thereby make the gecko car and then make toy.
The record of request claim 1,2, delivery vehicle is that electromagnetism car, working machine are to utilize rotatable wire brush or polishing disk to carry out the gecko formula rust cleaning polishing machine of operation, and the identical substantially with it gravity type rust cleaning polishing machine that only is used for horizontal operation of structure, its feature is: the attraction that its carrier loader utilizes the electromagnetism wheel or is distributed in the electromagnet of four jiaos of car bodies is close to surface of the work, the latter's machinery or for the wheel that is with elasticity rubber or be sprocket wheel and the crawler belt that made into by driving-chain, it can be advanced at three dimensions all directions upper edge surface of the work.The turning of car can be realized by the electromagnetic clutch that is installed on the rear axle, also can be realized by rocking of front-wheel.The arc skin of its crawler belt is with elasticity rubber.The transmission system and the motor of three working machines, working machine all are installed on the workbench.The rear end of workbench relies on the rotating shaft of loose-leaf system to be installed on the electromagnetism car, and platform can swing up and down, thus about each spring platform is being strained at downwards so that wire brush is close to the surface of the work rust cleaning.Electromagnetism lifting machine is installed under the platform to be convenient in beginning and starting and shutdown before stopping operation.Also the workbench rear and front end all can be fixed on the electromagnetism car, platform front three vertical supports of burn-oning, three working machines are installed in the support, the vertical axis of each working machine and its bearing and the urceolus of rigid bearing establish one's own system, can slide up and down in being fixed in the housing of vertical frame, the bevel gear that is connected with vertical axis according to spline also is inclusive in the urceolus.Urceolus and vertical axis rely on the electromagnet of a top of the trellis to be raised or extend downwards and force wire brush to be close to surface of the work, still rely on motor on the workbench and transmission system to drive vertical axis and wire brush and rotate at a high speed and implement rust cleaning or polishing operation.When the rust cleaning polishing machine only was used for the horizontal operation face, this machine can be gained in weight again and be changed gravity type rust cleaning polishing machine into.Dust catcher siphons away iron oxide dust from dust shield, perhaps blows away dust with the hair-dryer that is installed on the fuselage.
4. ask claim 1,2, eliminating rust or first kind of working machine of the gecko formula rust cleaning polishing machine that polishes of 3 records with rotatable wire brush or polishing disk, its feature is: working machine is installed in an end of workbench, allow the vertical axis of working machine rotate through gear drive, working machine can be to reverse positioning about the center with the trunnion axis, so that processing is not straight surface of the work, in the use, the adjusting screw nut that following two sections rotation directions are opposite and two groups of screws in stage casing thereof can be realized the adjusting and the fine setting of vertical axis structure length, and guarantee that with this can both be close to the workpiece appearance at the wire brush of processing non-straight when surface three working machines can both effectively eliminate rust or polish.
5. ask claim 1,2 the record usefulness cylindric or the band eel-like figure columned steel wire post, file, emery wheel, polishing tool is to the plane or the face of cylinder, sphere eliminates rust, the gecko formula rust cleaning polishing machine and the column instrument thereof of polishing operation, and essentially identical with it of structure is used for the gravity type rust cleaning polishing machine of the horizontal scope of operation, its feature is: the attraction that its carrier loader utilizes the electromagnetism wheel or is distributed in the electromagnet of four jiaos of car bodies is close to surface of the work, the latter's machinery or for the wheel that is with elasticity rubber or be sprocket wheel and the crawler belt that is transformed into by driving-chain, it can carry out at space-time all directions upper edge surface of the work.It can rely on electromagnetic clutch to realize turning.Its four electromagnet cores that are installed in four jiaos of car bodies are associated in becomes integral body together, and lower surface is cylinder and on the same face of cylinder.It does not have workbench, its steel wire post by two pairs of belt pulleys by driven by motor, steel wire post, belt drive system and motor all are installed on the support that can swing up and down, and support is also hauled by spring, and steel wire post or polishing post are to rely on spring tension to be close to surface of the work; Cylindrical tool begin to rotate or when stopping operation support be lifted away from working surface by the pulling of electromagnet trailer system.Can change columned or the band columned file of eel-like figure or emery wheel are processed operation.The axle of setting tool is done some transform, plain wheel or the cutting circular saw blade with disc wheel or circular sawing machine is installed in the position that the steel wire post is installed, it just becomes gecko formula abrasive machine, cutting machine.When only being used for horizontal plane or the operation of horizontal circle cylinder, then do not rely on electromagnetic force, can it be made gravity type rust cleaning polishing machine or abrasive machine with the way of gaining in weight.The axial length that its columned power tool comprises steel wire post, file, emery wheel, be stained with the polishing post that the textile of fine sand constitutes is big, is not less than 95mm; Its waist sizes of band eel-like figure is corresponding with diameter of work, and the eel-like figure surface just in time coincides with the workpiece cylinder during operation.The steel wire of steel wire post is radial or approximate radial arrangement diametrically, and operation eliminates rust at the cylinder steel wire tip that relies on high speed to rotate during operation.Dust catcher is collected iron oxide dust from dust shield, then blows away dust with the hair-dryer that is installed on the machine during field work.
6. ask claim 1,2, the gecko formula abrasive machine of 5 records, cutting machine, its feature is: the attraction that their carrier loader utilizes the electromagnetism wheel or is distributed in the electromagnet of four jiaos of car bodies is close to surface of the work, the latter's machinery or for the wheel that is with elasticity rubber or be sprocket wheel and the crawler belt that is transformed into by driving-chain, they can be advanced at three dimensions all directions upper edge surface of the work, can rely on electromagnetic clutch to realize turning, their four jiaos the electromagnet lower surface of being installed in can be flat, also can common combination be cylinder and on same cylinder rising.Their power tool is the circular saw bit that existing emery wheel, disc wheel, circular sawing machine are used.Their band hair-dryers blow away dust iron end.
7. the frame of the dependence electromagnetism car front of request claim 1,2 record or back swings and eliminates rust or the gecko formula rust cleaning polishing machine of polishing operation, its feature is: in electromagnetism car front or one pair of motor is installed in the back and by the support that swings of cam mechanism or ratchet mechanism control, the support pulling is close to the steel wire of iron and steel cylinder or is posted the belt reciprocating motion of emery cloth, thereby reaches the purpose of rust cleaning or polishing; Its manipulating object diameter is less.
8. ask the gecko formula flush coater of claim 1,2,3,5 records, its feature is: its spherical basket is installed on gecko formula rust remover workbench front end or the frame, the paint can that is placed in the spherical basket can be transposed arbitrarily, no matter main frame is in mouth which kind of position can make spherical paint can is on the plumb line and mouthful up, so that hold liquid coating and the vertical spray gun of installing; And spray gun has to swing up and down and regulates jet angle and rotate the function of regulating the orientation around the paint can center line, thereby makes gecko formula flush coater carry out spraying operation at the surface of steel workpiece that is in any position.
9. ask the gecko formula semi-automatic gas cutting machine of claim 1,2 records, its feature is: four jiaos electromagnet is installed at semi-automatic gas cutting dolly, the electromagnetism wheel perhaps is installed on semi-automatic dolly, the perhaps crawler belt that the wheel of semi-automatic dolly is changed into sprocket wheel and made into by driving-chain, and electromagnet are installed at four jiaos, rely on the attraction of these electromagnet to make dolly can be close to all directions of surface of steel workpiece in three dimensions and advance and go forward side by side that promoting the circulation of qi is cut, bevelled operation; Chain rail guiding also can be installed in case of necessity.
10. ask claim 1, the gecko formula automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator and the drag chain rail thereof of 2 records, its feature is: the automatic electric weld(ing) dolly is equipped with four blocks of electromagnet or coiling iron core for four jiaos, its four wheel outer rings all are with elastic belt, perhaps without wheel with sprocket wheel and the crawler belt that is transformed into by driving-chain, the also flexible rubber of crawler belt skin, dolly just can be walked on wall in each of iron and steel parts behind the part coil electricity of electromagnet, but whole downward projecting part contact workpiece surface of electromagnet lower surface or car during coil electricity, thereby speed can be too not fast when vertical wall or descending are descending, can be parked on the wall yet; Perhaps without electromagnet, and the electromagnetism wheel is installed on the automatic electric weld(ing) dolly, and the electromagnetic brake of adjustable dynamics is installed on axletree or wheel, dolly also can each be advanced on the surface or be quiet upright at workpiece flexibly.It can utilize the thin welding wire of argon arc welding to implement downhand welding, overhead welding, vertical position welding.Chewing when conduction is that welding wire remains on and becomes between 30 °~40 ° with plumb line or during approximate therewith angle, the gait of march of dolly keeps the linear velocity identical with the cylindrical work outer wall that rotates and direction when opposite on turning rolls, it just can replace existing huge column or planer-type automatic electric weld(ing) manipulator, on these workpiece, implement Lincoln weld.Can control the dolly direction with the chain rail.The characteristics of chain rail are that it is a chain, can be attached to straight or columniform surface of steel workpiece again, blocks wheel, forces the electromagnetism car to be advanced and retreat between two chain rails, can be adsorbed on the surface of the work on request easily because of it is magnetized.
CN 200610006557 2006-01-16 2006-01-16 Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series Pending CN1891397A (en)

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CN103659436A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 镇江新区汇达机电科技有限公司 Crawling magnet attraction machine capable of moving on right-angle faces
CN103949962A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-07-30 中科华核电技术研究院有限公司 Automatic polishing machine for sealing groove of rotary body
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CN106994679A (en) * 2013-03-15 2017-08-01 波音公司 Method and apparatus for positioning automated programming system
CN103481276A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-01 吉首沃华德机器人科技有限责任公司 Permanent-magnet gap suction apparatus with adjustable suction force
CN103481276B (en) * 2013-09-18 2016-04-06 吉首沃华德机器人科技有限责任公司 A kind of absorption affinity adjustable permanent magnetism gap adsorbent equipment
CN103949962B (en) * 2013-11-29 2016-08-17 中科华核电技术研究院有限公司 Revolving body seal groove automatic polishing machine
CN103949962A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-07-30 中科华核电技术研究院有限公司 Automatic polishing machine for sealing groove of rotary body
CN103659436A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 镇江新区汇达机电科技有限公司 Crawling magnet attraction machine capable of moving on right-angle faces
CN105881172A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-24 朱培池 Hull derusting machine
CN108161421A (en) * 2016-11-28 2018-06-15 冒鹏飞 A kind of new-energy automobile charging pile special for automatic installation equipment and its installation method
CN106625173A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 浙江海洋大学 Vessel rust remover capable of moving in multiple directions
CN106625173B (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-09-28 浙江海洋大学 It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal
CN108890300A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-27 宋宏亮 Steel drum weld seam periphery solder joint polishing automation safety and environmental protection dedusting robot
CN109848797A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-06-07 湘潭大学 A kind of Remote Control Automatic abrasive machine being exclusively used in mechanical equipment surfacing
CN109848797B (en) * 2019-01-31 2021-01-01 湘潭大学 Remote control automatic grinding machine special for mechanical equipment surface finishing
CN116890124A (en) * 2023-09-11 2023-10-17 山东创瑞激光科技有限公司 Powder jar structure of controllable preheating in succession
CN116890124B (en) * 2023-09-11 2023-11-14 山东创瑞激光科技有限公司 Powder jar structure of controllable preheating in succession
CN117139977A (en) * 2023-10-27 2023-12-01 中国建筑第五工程局有限公司 Auxiliary welding equipment for building embedded parts
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