CN106625173B - It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal - Google Patents

It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106625173B
CN106625173B CN201611230750.3A CN201611230750A CN106625173B CN 106625173 B CN106625173 B CN 106625173B CN 201611230750 A CN201611230750 A CN 201611230750A CN 106625173 B CN106625173 B CN 106625173B
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China
Prior art keywords
pedestal
wheel
rust removal
center
grinding wheel
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CN201611230750.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106625173A (en
Inventor
张文英
邵静
赵晓栋
袁跃峰
杨婕
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/033Other grinding machines or devices for grinding a surface for cleaning purposes, e.g. for descaling or for grinding off flaws in the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power

Abstract

The invention belongs to ship derust technical field, be related to it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is inconvenient which solve spot ship rust removal deflecting the problems such as.This ship rust removal includes pedestal, and there are three holder, three holders are uniformly distributed in a ring using the center of pedestal as the center of circle for the bottom surface setting of pedestal, and omni-directional wheel is provided on holder, has the magnet unit that can be adsorbed on hull on omni-directional wheel;The bottom surface of pedestal also rotates setting, and there are three grinding wheels, three grinding wheels are also uniformly distributed using the center of pedestal as the center of circle in a ring, grinding wheel can mutually recline with hull and be polished hull by the lower surface of grinding wheel, and the driving source that grinding wheel can be driven to rotate is provided on pedestal.This ship rust removal can be moved quickly towards designated position in deflecting, to make it be more suitable for the ship of small area.

Description

It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal
Technical field
The invention belongs to ship derust technical field, be related to it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal.
Background technology
Since vessel motion environment is serious to the extent of corrosion of hull, the marine surface of long-play will produce oxidation rust The phenomenon that erosion.Therefore, the spray painting that must regularly be derusted to it is safeguarded, to ensure the safety of vessel motion.Ship derusts It is to remove the ironing surface oxide layer of hull steel and rust and used paint layer, thoroughly derusting can provide good for spray painting Substrate is contacted, so that it is guaranteed that the quality of spray painting, is better achieved the protection to hull.The common derusting method of ship has to be removed by hand Rust, mechanical derusting, water under high pressure jet stream rust cleaning and derusting by sandblasting etc..
103934574 A of Chinese patent CN disclose a kind of new pattern laser derusting device comprising away rust by laser device and put The hull for setting away rust by laser device climbs wall carrying platform, and it includes two magnetic drive units, four sets of belts that hull, which climbs wall carrying platform, Elasticity adjusting mechanism, first crossbeam, middle cross beam, transom beam, four flexibilities indulge bone and an equipment carries pedestal.The invention is at four Under the cooperation of the vertical bone of flexibility and four sets of belt tightness adjustment mechanisms, it can freely stretch and be bent to be bonded ship within certain limits Body surface face, and the statokinetic of equipment carrying pedestal is kept, to make away rust by laser device that can be carried out under relatively stable posture Derust operation.
But above-mentioned derusting device is influenced when being derusted by crawler belt, movement, deflecting underaction, area compared with Deflecting is more difficult on small hull, then will have a direct impact on derusting effect.
Invention content
The present invention be directed to the above problem existing for existing technology, provide it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:The deflecting sensitivity for how improving this ship rust removal, to make it be more suitable for The ship of small area.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, including pedestal, the bottom surface setting of the pedestal is there are three holder, three The holder is uniformly distributed in a ring using the center of pedestal as the center of circle, is provided with omni-directional wheel on the holder, on the omni-directional wheel With the magnet unit that can be adsorbed on hull;The bottom surface of the pedestal also rotates setting, and there are three grinding wheel, three grinding wheels It is uniformly distributed in a ring using the center of pedestal as the center of circle, the lower surface pair that the grinding wheel can mutually recline with hull and pass through grinding wheel Hull is polished, and the driving source that can drive the grinding wheel rotation is provided on the pedestal.
Its operation principle is as follows:It when in use, can be adsorbed in by magnet unit on hull by this ship rust removal, and Ship rust removal is pulled by modes such as drag-lines.Due to being designed with universal wheel, so that ship rust removal can quick deflecting It is moved towards designated position, to make it be more suitable for the ship of small area.And be designed with grinding wheel and by the lower surface of grinding wheel come Polishing hull derusts, and can expand derusting area.Three grinding wheels are designed as annular to be evenly distributed with, derusting dead angle can be avoided as far as possible Appearance.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the omni-directional wheel includes horizontally disposed master One end of axis, the main shaft is connect with holder pivots, and the other end of main shaft is vacantly arranged;Wheel hub, institute are arranged on the main shaft Magnet unit is stated to be set on the peripheral surface of the wheel hub.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the magnet unit has several groups, and every group is magnetic single Member includes that wheel seat and two tensioning wheels, the wheel seat are set on the peripheral surface of wheel hub, and two tensioning wheels are rotatably dispose in correspondence Wheel seat on, be connected by a root skin band between two tensioning wheels, the outer surface of the belt is provided with magnetic sheet.It derusts When, rust removal can realize movement by the rotation of wheel hub, when needing deflecting, you can be become to realize by the movement of belt To convenient and efficient;And it is designed with magnetic sheet in the outer surface of belt, rust removal can be made to be adsorbed on hull, the design of belt is then In order to ensure that there is sufficiently large contact area between rust removal and hull, when to ensure derusting between rust removal and hull Connective stability.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the holder includes L shaped plate and mounting base, the L The bottom surface of pedestal is fixed in the upper end of shape plate, and the mounting base is hinged by the lower end of connecting rod and L shaped plate, the mounting base with Also it is connected by compression spring between the upper end of L shaped plate, the main axis is set in mounting base.Since the side of ship is tool There is certain curved surface, therefore, after being designed with compression spring between mounting base and L shaped plate, omni-directional wheel can be enable on uneven surface Upper movement further increases the deflecting convenience of this ship rust removal, is more applicable for the ship of small area.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the driving source includes being set to the electricity of base top surface Machine, at the center of the base bottom surface rotation be provided with driving shaft, the upper end of the driving shaft passes through the output of pedestal and motor End is connected, and the lower end of the driving shaft is fixed with driving gear;The base bottom surface, which also rotates, is provided with three driven shafts, institute The lower end for stating driven shaft is provided with the driven gear being meshed with the driving gear, and the grinding wheel is connected with driven gear. When derusting, motor drives driving shaft rotation, and then drives driving gear rotation, to make be meshed three driven tooth rotation It is dynamic, it is final that grinding wheel rotation is driven to derust.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the upper surface of the grinding wheel by connecting shaft with it is described The center of circle of driven gear is fixedly connected with, and the connecting shaft includes the axis body and metal spring leaf being linked together.Since the side of ship has There is more curved surface, therefore, be designed with metal spring leaf, grinding wheel can be made to oppress metal spring leaf deformation when encountering convex surface, adapts to not Flat surface, avoid influence rust removal normal movement, or profile is worn out the problems such as;Tool can be used in metal spring leaf There is the sheet metal of certain elasticity to be made.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the lower surface of the grinding wheel is detachably provided with sand Paper.The connection type of sand paper and grinding wheel can be fixed by way of the connectors such as screw;Since traditional grinding wheel is being beaten When mill, realized by its side, the mode polished in this way can grind off thicker material, and with the contact area of hull It is small;And it is designed with sand paper so that realize that face contacts between grinding wheel and hull, avoid grinding off big measured material, and can basis Actual conditions select the sand paper of different size, adapt to corase grinding or fine grinding, improve versatility and derusting polishing quality.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, it is designed with universal wheel, therefore so that ship rust removal can be moved quickly towards designated position in deflecting, to make it more Ship suitable for small area.And be designed with grinding wheel and derusted come hull of polishing by the lower surface of grinding wheel, it can expand and remove Become rusty area.Three grinding wheels are designed as annular to be evenly distributed with, the appearance at derusting dead angle can be avoided as far as possible;
When 2, being derusted, rust removal can realize movement by the rotation of wheel hub, when needing deflecting, you can pass through skin Deflecting is realized in the movement of band, convenient and efficient;And it is designed with magnetic sheet in the outer surface of belt, rust removal can be made to be adsorbed in hull On, the design of belt is then in order to ensure to have sufficiently large contact area between rust removal and hull, when to ensure derusting Connective stability between rust removal and hull;
3, after being designed with compression spring between mounting base and L shaped plate, omni-directional wheel can be enable to be moved on uneven surface, into One step improves the deflecting convenience of this ship rust removal, is more applicable for the ship of small area;
4, it is designed with metal spring leaf, grinding wheel can be made to oppress metal spring leaf deformation when encountering convex surface, adapts to uneven table Face, avoid influence rust removal normal movement, or profile is worn out the problems such as.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of magnet unit.
In figure, 1, pedestal;2, holder;3, omni-directional wheel;4, magnet unit;5, grinding wheel;6, driving source;7, main shaft;8, wheel hub; 9, tensioning wheel;10, wheel seat;11, belt;12, magnetic sheet;13, L shaped plate;14, mounting base;15, connecting rod;16, compression spring;17, actively Axis;18, driven shaft;19, driving gear;20, driven gear;21, axis body;22, metal spring leaf;23, sand paper.
Specific implementation mode
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, it is a kind of can the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement include pedestal 1, the bottom surface of pedestal 1 is provided with Three holders 2, three holders 2 are uniformly distributed in a ring using the center of pedestal 1 as the center of circle, omni-directional wheel 3 are provided on holder 2, entirely There is the magnet unit 4 that can be adsorbed on hull on wheel 3;The bottom surface of pedestal 1 also rotates setting there are three grinding wheel 5, three Grinding wheel 5 is also uniformly distributed using the center of pedestal 1 as the center of circle in a ring, and grinding wheel 5 can mutually recline and by under grinding wheel 5 with hull Surface polishes to hull, and the driving source 6 that grinding wheel 5 can be driven to rotate is provided on pedestal 1.
Specifically, omni-directional wheel 3 includes horizontally disposed main shaft 7, and one end and the holder 2 of main shaft 7 are rotatablely connected, The other end of main shaft 7 is vacantly arranged;Wheel hub 8 is arranged on main shaft 7, magnet unit 4 is set on the peripheral surface of wheel hub 8.
Specifically, it includes wheel seat 10 and two tensioning wheels 9, wheel seat that magnet unit 4, which has several groups, every group of magnet unit 4, 10 are set on the peripheral surface of wheel hub 8, and two tensioning wheels 9 are rotatably dispose on corresponding wheel seat 10, lead between two tensioning wheels 9 It crosses a root skin band 11 to be connected, the outer surface of belt 11 is provided with magnetic sheet 12.
Holder 2 includes L shaped plate 13 and mounting base 14, and the bottom surface of pedestal 1 is fixed in the upper end of L shaped plate 13, and mounting base 14 is logical It crosses connecting rod 15 and the lower end of L shaped plate 13 is hinged, be also connected by compression spring 16 between mounting base 14 and the upper end of L shaped plate 13, Main shaft 7 is rotatably dispose in mounting base 14.
Specifically, driving source 6 includes being set to the motor of 1 top surface of pedestal, rotates and is provided at the center of 1 bottom surface of pedestal The upper end of driving shaft 17, driving shaft 17 is connected across pedestal 1 with the output end of motor, and the lower end of driving shaft 17 is fixed with actively Gear 19;1 bottom surface of pedestal, which also rotates, is provided with three driven shafts 18, and the lower end of driven shaft 18 is provided with nibbles with 19 phase of driving gear The driven gear 20 of conjunction, grinding wheel 5 are connected with driven gear 20.The upper surface of grinding wheel 5 passes through connecting shaft and driven gear 20 The center of circle is fixedly connected with, and connecting shaft includes the axis body 21 being linked together and metal spring leaf 22.
The lower surface of grinding wheel 5 is detachably provided with sand paper 23.
Working principle of the present invention is as follows:It when in use, can be adsorbed in ship by this ship rust removal by magnet unit With, and pull ship rust removal by modes such as drag-lines.Due to being designed with universal wheel, when needing deflecting, you can pass through Deflecting is realized in the movement of belt, therefore so that ship rust removal can be moved quickly towards designated position in deflecting, to keeping it more suitable Ship for small area.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.Technology belonging to the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, which is characterized in that including pedestal (1), the bottom surface of the pedestal (1) is arranged There are three holder (2), three holders (2) are uniformly distributed using the center of pedestal (1) as the center of circle in a ring, the holder (2) On be provided with omni-directional wheel (3), there is the magnet unit (4) that can be adsorbed on hull on the omni-directional wheel (3);The pedestal (1) bottom surface also rotates setting there are three grinding wheel (5), and three grinding wheels (5) are also uniform in a ring as the center of circle using the center of pedestal (1) Distribution, the grinding wheel (5) can mutually recline with hull and be polished hull by the lower surface of grinding wheel (5), the pedestal (1) driving source (6) that the grinding wheel (5) can be driven to rotate is provided on;
The omni-directional wheel (3) includes horizontally disposed main shaft (7), and one end and holder (2) rotation of the main shaft (7) connect It connects, the other end of main shaft (7) is vacantly arranged;Wheel hub (8) is arranged on the main shaft (7), the magnet unit (4) is set to institute On the peripheral surface for stating wheel hub (8);
It includes wheel seat (10) and two tensioning wheels (9), the wheel that the magnet unit (4), which has several groups, every group of magnet unit (4), Seat (10) is set on the peripheral surface of wheel hub (8), and two tensioning wheels (9) are rotatably dispose on corresponding wheel seat (10), two It is connected by a root skin band (11) between bearing up pulley (9), the outer surface of the belt (11) is provided with magnetic sheet (12).
2. it is according to claim 1 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, which is characterized in that the holder (2) includes L-shaped The bottom surface of pedestal (1) is fixed in plate (13) and mounting base (14), the upper end of the L shaped plate (13), and the mounting base (14) passes through Connecting rod (15) and the lower end of L shaped plate (13) are hinged, and also pass through compression spring between the mounting base (14) and the upper end of L shaped plate (13) (16) it is connected, the main shaft (7) is rotatably dispose in mounting base (14).
3. it is according to claim 1 or 2 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, which is characterized in that the driving source (6) packet The motor for being set to pedestal (1) top surface is included, is rotated at the center of pedestal (1) bottom surface and is provided with driving shaft (17), the master The upper end of moving axis (17) is connected across pedestal (1) with the output end of motor, and the lower end of the driving shaft (17) is fixed with actively Gear (19);Pedestal (1) bottom surface, which also rotates, is provided with three driven shafts (18), and the lower end of the driven shaft (18) is provided with The driven gear (20) being meshed with the driving gear (19), the grinding wheel (5) are connected with driven gear (20).
4. it is according to claim 3 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, which is characterized in that the upper table of the grinding wheel (5) Face is fixedly connected with by connecting shaft and the center of circle of the driven gear (20), the connecting shaft include the axis body (21) being linked together and Metal spring leaf (22).
5. it is according to claim 4 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, which is characterized in that the following table of the grinding wheel (5) Face is detachably provided with sand paper (23).
CN201611230750.3A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal Active CN106625173B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3636569A1 (en) * 1986-10-28 1988-05-05 Schreiber P Metallisierwerk Device for removing repair-induced elevations from workpiece surfaces
JP2000072059A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Jiyakusutoron Kk Mobile working vehicle
CN1891397A (en) * 2006-01-16 2007-01-10 胡宁成 Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series
CN203993411U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-12-10 浙江工业大学 Wall automatic sander
CN104625913A (en) * 2015-02-28 2015-05-20 浙江省特种设备检验研究院 Circumferential weld polishing robot for horizontal storage tank body or tanker tank body
CN105216889A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 新疆新能钢结构有限责任公司 Climbing robot
CN205386758U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-07-20 武汉理工大学 Multiconductor rust cleaning polisher
CN105881172A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-24 朱培池 Hull derusting machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3636569A1 (en) * 1986-10-28 1988-05-05 Schreiber P Metallisierwerk Device for removing repair-induced elevations from workpiece surfaces
JP2000072059A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Jiyakusutoron Kk Mobile working vehicle
CN1891397A (en) * 2006-01-16 2007-01-10 胡宁成 Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series
CN203993411U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-12-10 浙江工业大学 Wall automatic sander
CN105881172A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-24 朱培池 Hull derusting machine
CN104625913A (en) * 2015-02-28 2015-05-20 浙江省特种设备检验研究院 Circumferential weld polishing robot for horizontal storage tank body or tanker tank body
CN105216889A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 新疆新能钢结构有限责任公司 Climbing robot
CN205386758U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-07-20 武汉理工大学 Multiconductor rust cleaning polisher

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