CN106625173A - Vessel rust remover capable of moving in multiple directions - Google Patents

Vessel rust remover capable of moving in multiple directions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106625173A
CN106625173A CN201611230750.3A CN201611230750A CN106625173A CN 106625173 A CN106625173 A CN 106625173A CN 201611230750 A CN201611230750 A CN 201611230750A CN 106625173 A CN106625173 A CN 106625173A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pedestal
wheel
rust removal
center
hull
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611230750.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106625173B (en
Inventor
张文英
邵静
赵晓栋
袁跃峰
杨婕
Original Assignee
浙江海洋大学
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Priority to CN201611230750.3A priority Critical patent/CN106625173B/en
Publication of CN106625173A publication Critical patent/CN106625173A/en
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Publication of CN106625173B publication Critical patent/CN106625173B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/033Other grinding machines or devices for grinding a surface for cleaning purposes, e.g. for descaling or for grinding off flaws in the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of vessel rust removing, relates to a vessel rust remover capable of moving in multiple directions, and solves the problem that a conventional vessel rust remover cannot change the direction conveniently. The vessel rust remover comprises a base, wherein three brackets are arranged on a bottom surface of the base, and are annularly and uniformly distributed in a manner that the center of the base is used as the circle center; an omni-directional wheel is arranged on each of the brackets, and a magnetic unit which can be attracted to a hull is arranged on each of the omni-directional wheels; three abrasive wheels are also rotatably arranged on the bottom surface of the base, are also annularly and uniformly distributed in a manner that the center of the base is used as the circle center, and can be attached to the hull, and the hull is burnished by the lower surfaces of the abrasive wheels; and a driving source which can drive the abrasive wheels to rotate is arranged on the base. The vessel rust remover disclosed by the invention can quickly change the direction to move to a specified position, so that the vessel rust remover is more suitable for small-area vessels.

Description

It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal
Technical field
The invention belongs to ship rust cleaning technical field, be related to it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal.
Background technology
Because vessel motion environment is serious to the extent of corrosion of hull, long playing marine surface can produce oxidation rust The phenomenon of erosion.Therefore, the spray painting that must regularly be eliminated rust to it is safeguarded, to guarantee the safety of vessel motion.Ship eliminates rust It is that, in order to remove the ironing surface oxide layer of hull steel and corrosion thing and used paint layer, thoroughly rust cleaning can provide good for spray painting Contact substrate, so that it is guaranteed that the quality of spray painting, is better achieved the protection to hull.The conventional derusting method of ship has manual removing Rust, mechanical derusting, water under high pressure jet stream rust cleaning and derusting by sandblasting etc..
The A of Chinese patent CN 103934574 disclose a kind of new pattern laser derusting device, and it includes away rust by laser device and puts The hull for putting away rust by laser device climbs wall carrying platform, and hull climbs wall carrying platform including two magnetic drive units, four sets of belts Elasticity adjusting mechanism, first crossbeam, middle cross beam, transom beam, four vertical bones of flexibility and an equipment carry base.The invention is at four Under the cooperation of the vertical bone of flexibility and four sets of belt tightness adjustment mechanisms, can freely stretch within certain limits and bend with ship of fitting Body surface face, and keep equipment to carry the statokinetic of base, so that away rust by laser device can be carried out under relatively stable attitude Rust cleaning operation.
But above-mentioned derusting device is affected when being eliminated rust by crawler belt, its movement, break-in underaction, area compared with Break-in is more difficult on little hull, then can directly affect rust cleaning effect.
The content of the invention
The present invention be directed to the problems referred to above that existing technology is present, there is provided it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, The technical problem to be solved is:How the break-in susceptiveness of this ship rust removal is improved, so that it is more suitable for The ship of small area.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:
It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, including pedestal, the bottom surface of the pedestal is provided with three supports, three The support is uniformly distributed in a ring with the center of pedestal as the center of circle, omni-directional wheel is provided with the support, on the omni-directional wheel With the magnet unit that can be adsorbed on hull;The bottom surface of the pedestal also rotates and is provided with three emery wheels, three emery wheels It is uniformly distributed in a ring as the center of circle with the center of pedestal, the lower surface pair that the emery wheel can mutually recline with hull and pass through emery wheel Hull is polished, and the driving source for driving the emery wheel to rotate is provided with the pedestal.
Its operation principle is as follows:This ship rust removal when in use, can be passed through magnet unit and be adsorbed on hull, and Ship rust removal is pulled by modes such as drag-lines.Due to being designed with universal wheel, therefore so that ship rust removal can quickly break-in Towards specified location motion, so that it is more suitable for the ship of small area.And be designed with emery wheel and by the lower surface of emery wheel come Polishing hull is eliminated rust, and can expand rust cleaning area.Three emery wheels are designed as into annular uniformly, dead angle of eliminating rust can be as far as possible avoided Appearance.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the omni-directional wheel includes horizontally disposed master Axle, one end of the main shaft is connected with holder pivots, and the other end of main shaft is vacantly arranged;Wheel hub, institute are arranged with the main shaft State magnet unit to be arranged on the outer peripheral face of the wheel hub.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the magnet unit has some groups, every group of magnetic list Unit includes wheel seat and two tensioning wheels, and the wheel seat is arranged on the outer peripheral face of wheel hub, and two tensioning wheels are rotated and are arranged at correspondence Wheel seat on, be connected by a root bark band between two tensioning wheels, the outer surface of the belt is provided with magnetic sheet.Eliminated rust When, rust removal can realize movement by the rotation of wheel hub, when break-in is needed, you can realize becoming by the movement of belt To convenient and swift;And the outer surface in belt is designed with magnetic sheet, rust removal can be made to be adsorbed on hull, the design of belt is then In order to ensure that there is sufficiently large contact area between rust removal and hull, during so as to ensureing to eliminate rust between rust removal and hull Connective stability.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the support includes L shaped plate and mounting seat, the L The bottom surface of pedestal is fixed in the upper end of shape plate, and the mounting seat is hinged by connecting rod with the lower end of L shaped plate, the mounting seat with Also it is connected by stage clip between the upper end of L shaped plate, the main axis are arranged in mounting seat.Because the side of ship is tool There is certain curved surface, therefore, it is designed between mounting seat and L shaped plate after stage clip, omni-directional wheel can be enable on uneven surface Upper movement, further improves the break-in convenience of this ship rust removal, is more applicable for the ship of small area.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the driving source includes being arranged at the electricity of base top surface Machine, the center of the base bottom surface rotates and is provided with driving shaft, and the upper end of the driving shaft passes through the output of pedestal and motor End is connected, and the lower end of the driving shaft is fixed with driving gear;The base bottom surface is also rotated and is provided with three driven shafts, institute The lower end for stating driven shaft is provided with the driven gear being meshed with the driving gear, and the emery wheel is connected with driven gear. During rust cleaning, motor drives driving shaft to rotate, and then drives driving gear to rotate, so that the three driven tooths rotation being meshed It is dynamic, it is final to drive emery wheel rotation to be eliminated rust.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the upper surface of the emery wheel by connecting shaft with it is described The center of circle of driven gear is fixedly connected with, and the connecting shaft includes axis body and the metal spring leaf being connected as a single entity.Because the side of ship has There is more curved surface, therefore, metal spring leaf is designed with, can make emery wheel that metal spring leaf deformation is oppressed when convex surface is run into, adapt to not Flat surface, it is to avoid affect rust removal normal movement, or by profile it is worn out the problems such as;Metal spring leaf can be using tool The foil for having certain elasticity is made.
It is above-mentioned it is a kind of can be in the ship rust removal of multidirectional movement, the lower surface of the emery wheel is detachably provided with sand Paper.Sand paper and the connected mode of emery wheel, can be fixed by way of the connectors such as screw;Because traditional emery wheel is carrying out beating During mill, realized by its side, the mode of so polishing can grind off thicker material, and with the contact area of hull It is little;And it is designed with sand paper so that realize that face contacts between emery wheel and hull, it is to avoid grind off big measured material, and can basis Practical situation, from the sand paper of different size, adapts to corase grind or fine grinding, improves versatility and rust cleaning polishing quality.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below:
1st, universal wheel is designed with, therefore so that ship rust removal can be moved quickly towards specified location in break-in, so that it is more Suitable for the ship of small area.And it is designed with emery wheel and hull of being polished by the lower surface of emery wheel is eliminated rust, can expand and remove Rust area.Three emery wheels are designed as into annular uniformly, the appearance at rust cleaning dead angle can be as far as possible avoided;
When the 2nd, being eliminated rust, rust removal can realize movement by the rotation of wheel hub, when break-in is needed, you can by skin The movement of band is convenient and swift realizing break-in;And the outer surface in belt is designed with magnetic sheet, rust removal can be made to be adsorbed in hull On, the design of belt is then in order to ensure to have sufficiently large contact area between rust removal and hull, so as to ensure during rust cleaning Connective stability between rust removal and hull;
3rd, it is designed between mounting seat and L shaped plate after stage clip, omni-directional wheel can be enable to move on uneven surface, enters One step improves the break-in convenience of this ship rust removal, is more applicable for the ship of small area;
4th, metal spring leaf is designed with, can makes emery wheel that metal spring leaf deformation is oppressed when convex surface is run into, adapt to uneven table Face, it is to avoid affect rust removal normal movement, or by profile it is worn out the problems such as.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of magnet unit.
In figure, 1, pedestal;2nd, support;3rd, omni-directional wheel;4th, magnet unit;5th, emery wheel;6th, driving source;7th, main shaft;8th, wheel hub; 9th, tensioning wheel;10th, wheel seat;11st, belt;12nd, magnetic sheet;13rd, L shaped plate;14th, mounting seat;15th, connecting rod;16th, stage clip;17th, actively Axle;18th, driven shaft;19th, driving gear;20th, driven gear;21st, axis body;22nd, metal spring leaf;23rd, sand paper.
Specific embodiment
The following is the specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal include pedestal 1, the bottom surface of pedestal 1 is provided with Three supports 2, three supports 2 are uniformly distributed in a ring with the center of pedestal 1 as the center of circle, omni-directional wheel 3 are provided with support 2, entirely There is the magnet unit 4 that can be adsorbed on hull on wheel 3;The bottom surface of pedestal 1 also rotates and is provided with three emery wheels 5, three Center of the emery wheel 5 also with pedestal 1 is uniformly distributed in a ring as the center of circle, and emery wheel 5 can mutually recline and by under emery wheel 5 with hull Surface is polished hull, and the driving source 6 for driving emery wheel 5 to rotate is provided with pedestal 1.
Specifically, omni-directional wheel 3 includes horizontally disposed main shaft 7, and one end of main shaft 7 rotates with support 2 and is connected, The other end of main shaft 7 is vacantly arranged;Wheel hub 8 is arranged with main shaft 7, magnet unit 4 is arranged on the outer peripheral face of wheel hub 8.
Specifically, magnet unit 4 has some groups, and every group of magnet unit 4 includes wheel seat 10 and two tensioning wheels 9, wheel seat 10 are arranged on the outer peripheral face of wheel hub 8, and two tensioning wheels 9 are rotated and are arranged on corresponding wheel seat 10, are led between two tensioning wheels 9 Cross root bark band 11 to be connected, the outer surface of belt 11 is provided with magnetic sheet 12.
Support 2 includes L shaped plate 13 and mounting seat 14, and the bottom surface of pedestal 1 is fixed in the upper end of L shaped plate 13, and mounting seat 14 is led to Cross connecting rod 15 to be hinged with the lower end of L shaped plate 13, be also connected by stage clip 16 between mounting seat 14 and the upper end of L shaped plate 13, Main shaft 7 is rotated and is arranged in mounting seat 14.
Specifically, driving source 6 includes being arranged at the motor of the top surface of pedestal 1, and the center of the bottom surface of pedestal 1 rotates and is provided with Driving shaft 17, the upper end of driving shaft 17 is connected through pedestal 1 with the outfan of motor, and the lower end of driving shaft 17 is fixed with actively Gear 19;The bottom surface of pedestal 1 also rotates and is provided with three driven shafts 18, and the lower end of driven shaft 18 is provided with mutually nibbles with driving gear 19 The driven gear 20 of conjunction, emery wheel 5 is connected with driven gear 20.The upper surface of emery wheel 5 is by connecting shaft and driven gear 20 The center of circle is fixedly connected with, and connecting shaft includes axis body 21 and the metal spring leaf 22 being connected as a single entity.
The lower surface of emery wheel 5 is detachably provided with sand paper 23.
The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:This ship rust removal when in use, can be passed through magnet unit and be adsorbed in ship With, and ship rust removal is pulled by modes such as drag-lines.Due to being designed with universal wheel, when break-in is needed, you can pass through The movement of belt realizing break-in, therefore so that ship rust removal can be moved quickly towards specified location in break-in, so that it is more suitable For the ship of small area.
Specific embodiment described herein is only explanation for example spiritual to the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications to described specific embodiment or supplement or replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. it is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that including pedestal (1), the bottom surface of the pedestal (1) is arranged There are three supports (2), three supports (2) are uniformly distributed in a ring with the center of pedestal (1) as the center of circle, the support (2) On be provided with omni-directional wheel (3), having on the omni-directional wheel (3) can be adsorbed in magnet unit (4) on hull;The pedestal (1) bottom surface also rotates and is provided with three emery wheels (5), and the center of three emery wheels (5) also with pedestal (1) is uniform in a ring as the center of circle Distribution, the emery wheel (5) can mutually recline with hull and the lower surface by emery wheel (5) is polished hull, the pedestal (1) driving source (6) for driving the emery wheel (5) to rotate is provided with.
2. it is according to claim 1 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the omni-directional wheel (3) includes Horizontally disposed main shaft (7), one end of the main shaft (7) rotates with support (2) and is connected, and the other end of main shaft (7) hangs Sky is arranged;Wheel hub (8) is arranged with the main shaft (7), the magnet unit (4) is arranged on the outer peripheral face of the wheel hub (8).
3. it is according to claim 2 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the magnet unit (4) has Some groups, every group of magnet unit (4) includes wheel seat (10) and two tensioning wheels (9), and the wheel seat (10) is arranged at wheel hub (8) On outer peripheral face, two tensioning wheels (9) rotate and are arranged on corresponding wheel seat (10), and a root bark is passed through between two tensioning wheels (9) Band (11) is connected, and the outer surface of the belt (11) is provided with magnetic sheet (12).
4. it is according to claim 3 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the support (2) is including L-shaped The bottom surface of pedestal (1) is fixed in plate (13) and mounting seat (14), the upper end of the L shaped plate (13), and the mounting seat (14) passes through Connecting rod (15) is hinged with the lower end of L shaped plate (13), and stage clip is also passed through between the mounting seat (14) and the upper end of L shaped plate (13) (16) it is connected, the main shaft (7) rotates and is arranged in mounting seat (14).
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the driving Source (6) includes the motor for being arranged at pedestal (1) top surface, and the center of pedestal (1) bottom surface rotates and is provided with driving shaft (17), The upper end of the driving shaft (17) is connected through pedestal (1) with the outfan of motor, and the lower end of the driving shaft (17) is fixed There is driving gear (19);Pedestal (1) bottom surface also rotates and is provided with three driven shafts (18), the lower end of the driven shaft (18) The driven gear (20) being meshed with the driving gear (19) is provided with, the emery wheel (5) is connected with driven gear (20).
6. it is according to claim 5 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the upper table of the emery wheel (5) Face is fixedly connected with by connecting shaft with the center of circle of the driven gear (20), the connecting shaft include the axis body (21) that is connected as a single entity and Metal spring leaf (22).
7. it is according to claim 6 can multidirectional movement ship rust removal, it is characterised in that the following table of the emery wheel (5) Face is detachably provided with sand paper (23).
CN201611230750.3A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal Active CN106625173B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611230750.3A CN106625173B (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal

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CN201611230750.3A CN106625173B (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 It is a kind of can multidirectional movement ship rust removal

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3636569A1 (en) * 1986-10-28 1988-05-05 Schreiber P Metallisierwerk Device for removing repair-induced elevations from workpiece surfaces
JP2000072059A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Jiyakusutoron Kk Mobile working vehicle
CN1891397A (en) * 2006-01-16 2007-01-10 胡宁成 Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series
CN203993411U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-12-10 浙江工业大学 Wall automatic sander
CN104625913A (en) * 2015-02-28 2015-05-20 浙江省特种设备检验研究院 Circumferential weld polishing robot for horizontal storage tank body or tanker tank body
CN105216889A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 新疆新能钢结构有限责任公司 Climbing robot
CN205386758U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-07-20 武汉理工大学 Multiconductor rust cleaning polisher
CN105881172A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-24 朱培池 Hull derusting machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3636569A1 (en) * 1986-10-28 1988-05-05 Schreiber P Metallisierwerk Device for removing repair-induced elevations from workpiece surfaces
JP2000072059A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Jiyakusutoron Kk Mobile working vehicle
CN1891397A (en) * 2006-01-16 2007-01-10 胡宁成 Gecko-type electromagnetic electric-driving machine product series
CN203993411U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-12-10 浙江工业大学 Wall automatic sander
CN105881172A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-24 朱培池 Hull derusting machine
CN104625913A (en) * 2015-02-28 2015-05-20 浙江省特种设备检验研究院 Circumferential weld polishing robot for horizontal storage tank body or tanker tank body
CN105216889A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 新疆新能钢结构有限责任公司 Climbing robot
CN205386758U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-07-20 武汉理工大学 Multiconductor rust cleaning polisher

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