Three-dimensional printing formation unit and method

Info

Publication number
CN1739946A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
liquid
material
support
dimensional
layer
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200510029726
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN100395098C (en )
Inventor
吴懋亮
周宏志
徐伟虹
任建兴
张�浩
Original Assignee
上海电力学院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Abstract

The three-dimensional printing formation unit includes one X-Y work bench and one elevating platform. The X-Y work bench has lower liquid tank with bottom liquid support medium, and upper nozzle with downward spout, over liquid level sensor. The lower liquid tank has liquid support material and bottom flow guide hole, the elevating platform is located inside the liquid support material, and the flow guide hole is connected via duct with pump. The three-dimensional printing formation method includes spraying the forming material via the nozzle, forming on the liquid support material surface and based on the cross section data, curing the forming material on the surface of the support material to form one layer of the part, lowering the work bench for one layer of thickness for the painting of the next layer, and adhering the adjacent layer to form three-dimensional body. The present invention has the advantages of no need of special support structure, simple part making process, high material utilization, etc.

Description

三维打印成型设备及方法 3D printing apparatus and method

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

本专利涉及一种三维快速成型设备和方法,尤其是一种三维打印成型设备及其使用方法。 This patent relates to an apparatus and method for three-dimensional rapid prototyping, in particular to a 3D printing device and method of use.

背景技术 Background technique

目前快速成型设备类型很多,包括立体光刻成型(Stereolithography-SL)、熔融堆积成型(Fused Deposition Modeling-FDM)、分层实体加工(Laminated Object Manufacturing-LOM)、选择性激光烧结(Selective Laser Sintering-SLS)及三维打印(3Dimensional Printing-3DP)等。 Currently many types of rapid prototyping equipment, including stereolithography (Stereolithography-SL), Rapid Prototyping (Fused Deposition Modeling-FDM), laminated object processing (Laminated Object Manufacturing-LOM), selective laser sintering (Selective Laser Sintering- SLS) and three-dimensional printing (3Dimensional printing-3DP) and the like. 与三维打印成型有关的专利技术主要有1995年2月美国专利5387380(申请人Cima)通过在粉末材料表面选择性喷涂粘结剂,从而将零件截面内的粉末材料粘结在一起,如此逐层粘结成型,粘结完成后将未粘结的粉末材料取出,获得成型零件。 3D printing and related patents mainly in February 1995, U.S. Patent 5,387,380 (applicant Cima) by selectively spraying the binder in the powder surface, so that the powder material bonded parts within the section together, so step by step bonded molding powder material bond taken out after the completion of unbonded obtain molded parts. 1999年3月美国专利5878664(申请人Hartka)的打印方法是利用打印滚筒在可升降的平面上加工,加工时在滚筒上产生打印的图形,一层打印完毕,滚筒上产生下一层图形,逐层打印成型实体。 March 1999 U.S. Patent No. 5,878,664 (the applicant Hartka) printing method using the printing process on a drum can lift the plane to produce printed pattern on the drum during processing, a layer of printing is completed, the next layer on the drum to produce graphics, printed layer by layer forming entities. 1999年11月美国专利5984444(申请人Hawley),该专利采用静电三维打印成型,将蜡、塑料等熔化为液滴,通过磁场加速液滴在平面内堆积并逐层累加成型,并且采用低熔点材料作为支撑材料支撑零件。 November 1999 U.S. Patent No. 5,984,444 (applicant to Hawley), the patent electrostatic 3D printing, wax, plastics melt into droplets, droplet accumulation and accelerated by the magnetic field forming layer by layer accumulated in a plane, and the low melting point material as a support material supporting parts. 1999年5月美国专利5902441(申请人Bredt和JamesF)提出一种三维打印方法,该方法通过生成三维物体的横截面,然后将加工的横截面逐层粘结成三维物体。 May 1999 U.S. Patent No. 5,902,441 (applicant Bredt and JamesF) proposed a three-dimensional printing method by generating cross-section of a three-dimensional object, and then processed into a three-dimensional cross-section of the bonding object layer by layer. 2002年9月Bredt的另一项美国专利6416850,采用将粘结剂和填充剂混合构成的多组分颗粒作为成型材料的三维打印方法。 Another U.S. Patent No. 6.41685 million in September 2002 Bredt, the use of multi-component particles composed of a binder and a filler mixed as three-dimensional printing method molding material.

以上几种三维打印成型方法需要专门设计支撑结构,对于具有复杂内部结构的零件制作复杂,材料利用率低。 Several more 3D printing method requires a specially designed support structure for the production of parts with complex internal structure of the complex, material utilization is low.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明是要提供一种新型的三维打印成型设备和方法,它具有结构简单,三维零件制作方便,材料利用率高,加工成型的零件后处理简单等特点。 The present invention is to provide a novel apparatus and method for 3D printing, it has a simple structure, easy to manufacture three-dimensional parts, material utilization is high, after the molding part handling and simple.

为实现本发明的目的,所采用的技术方案如下:一种三维打印成型设备,包括XY工作台,升降平台。 For purposes of the present invention, the technical solution adopted is as follows: one 3D printing equipment, including XY table, lifting platforms. XY工作台下面设有储液槽,XY工作台上面装有喷口向下的喷头,XY工作台上方设有液位传感器,储液槽内储存有支撑材料,升降平台位于支撑材料内,储液槽底边设有导流孔,导流孔通过导管与泵连接。 XY table is provided below the reservoir, XY table fitted with a nozzle spout down, XY table provided above the liquid level sensor, a support material is stored within the storage tank, lifting platforms located within the support material, the reservoir the bottom edge of the hole with a diversion, diversion hole connected by a conduit to the pump.

储液槽中储存的支撑材料为液体状态。 Reservoir of support material is stored in a liquid state. 喷头通过导管与泵出口连接,泵进口连接储存有成型材料的原料槽。 The nozzle is connected via a conduit with the pump outlet, the pump inlet connection stores a molding material feed slot.

一种使用三维打印成型设备的方法,其零件的成型过程是:1.计算机处理三维CAD模型,将三维模型顺序分割成一系列具有厚度的截面图形。 A method of using 3D printing apparatus and method which is part of its molding process: 1 computer processing three-dimensional CAD model, three-dimensional model is divided into a series of sequential pattern has a cross-sectional thickness.

2.提升升降平台至一高度位置,由液位传感器探测液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵改变储液槽中的支撑材料的数量,直到支撑材料表面与工作台表面处于同一水平面内。 2. Lift the lifting platform to a height position, liquid level detected by the level sensor in accordance with a liquid level detection by changing the number of pump fluid reservoir support material, the support material until the surface of the table surface at the same level Inside.

3.计算机根据截面图形控制XY工作台在水平面内运动,同时成型材料通过喷头喷出,喷涂在升降平台表面,形成与截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 3. The computer-controlled XY table motion in the horizontal plane sectional graphics, while the molding material through the spray nozzle, spraying the surface of the lifting platform, formed with the same cross-section graphics spray coatings, spray finished XY table to return the parking position.

4.喷涂的成型材料A经过化学反应、辐射、粘结、加热、冷却方法,在平面内固化形成一层固化零件。 4. A spray molding material through chemical reactions, radiation, bonding, heating, cooling method, in the plane of the part cures to form a cured layer.

5.升降工作台下降至一高度位置。 5. elevating work the audience dropped to a height position.

6.液位传感器探测液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵改变储液槽中的支撑材料的数量,直到液态支撑材料表面与固化的一层零件上表面处于同一水平面内。 6. The level sensor detecting a liquid level, according to the liquid level detection, by changing the number of pump fluid reservoir support material, the support material until the upper surface of the liquid and the cured layer of the component in the same horizontal plane.

7.计算机控制XY工作台作水平面内运动,同时成型材料A通过喷头喷出,在已成型零件表面和液态支撑材料B表面喷涂成型材料A,形成与相应的截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 7. The computer-controlled XY table motion for the horizontal plane, while the molding material A is ejected through the nozzle, has been formed in parts of the surface and the liquid surface coating support material B A molding material, the formation of the corresponding cross section of the same graphics layer coating, spraying is completed XY table to return the parking position.

8.重复成型过程4-7,直至零件加工完毕。 8. Repeat molding process 4-7 until the parts processing is completed.

9.提升升降台到一定高度,取出成型零件。 9. enhance lift to a certain height, remove the molded part.

本发明的成型材料通过喷头喷出,在液态支撑材料表面根据截面数据喷涂成型,喷涂成型材料在支撑材料表面固化,一层零件固化成型完毕,工作台下降一层厚度,进行下一层喷涂,并将相邻层互相粘接在一起,从而形成三维实体。 The molding material of the present invention is produced by spray nozzle, the liquid surface of the support material in accordance with section data spray forming, spray forming material on the support surface of the cured material, a layer of the part is complete curing, a layer thickness decrease table, the next layer of coating, and the adjacent layers adhere to each other to form a three-dimensional solid. 与已有的快速成型方法,特别是已有的三维打印快速成型方法相比,本发明具有以下优点:1.本发明采用液体支撑材料,不需要其他专门设计支撑结构,零件制作简单,尤其对于具有复杂内部结构的零件,优势更加明显;2.材料利用率高;3.加工成型的零件后处理简单。 With the existing rapid prototyping, 3D printing has been especially rapid prototyping method compared to the present invention has the following advantages: 1. The present invention uses a liquid material support, no other specially designed support structure, making simple parts, especially for parts with complex internal structure of the more obvious advantages; 2 high material utilization; 3 after molding part handling simple.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的结构示意图;图2是本发明的实施例1的三维打印成型设备结构示意图;图3是本发明的实施例2的三维打印成型设备结构示意图。 FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention; Figure 2 is a three-dimensional embodiment of the present invention, a print forming device structure diagram; Figure 3 is a three-dimensional embodiment of the present invention will print molding equipment structure diagram.

具体实施方式 detailed description

下面结合附图与实施例对本发明作进一步的描述。 Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the embodiment of the present invention will be further described.

如图1,2所示,三维打印成型设备,主要包括XY工作台1,喷头2,液位传感器3,储液槽4,导流孔5,导管6,泵7,升降平台9。 1 and 2, 3D printing equipment, including the XY stage 1, nozzle 2, level sensors 3, 4 reservoir, diversion hole 5, the catheter 6, 7 pump, lifting platform 9.

XY工作台1下面安装储液槽4,XY工作台1上面安装喷头2,喷头2的喷口位于XY工作台1下面,方向朝下,XY工作台1上方设有液位传感器3,储液槽4内储存有支撑材料8,升降平台9位于支撑材料8内,储液槽4底边设有导流孔5,导流孔5通过导管6与泵7连接。 XY table 1 below Installation reservoir 4, XY table 1 above to install sprinkler 2, the nozzle orifice 2 is located below the XY stage 1, directed downward, a liquid level sensor is provided above the XY table 3, the reservoir a support material stored within 48, lifting platform 9 8 of the support material, the reservoir has a 4 diversion bottom holes 5, 6 conduit diversion holes 5 through 7 is connected to the pump.

储液槽4中储存的支撑材料8为液体状态。 Stored in the reservoir 4 8 support material in a liquid state. 喷头2的进口通过导管14与泵13出口连接,泵13进口连接原料槽11,原料槽11内储存有成型材料。 Nozzle inlet 2 via conduit 14 is connected to the pump outlet 13, a pump 13 connected to the inlet feed slots 11, 11 raw material storage tank has a molding material.

储存于储液槽4中的液态支撑材料8,可以通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5来改变其在储液槽4中的数量。 Stored in the liquid reservoir 4 8 support material may be 7, conduit 6, diversion hole 5 to change the number 4 in the reservoir by a pump.

本发明设备的成型过程如下:1.计算机处理三维CAD模型,将三维模型顺序分割成一系列具有一定厚度的截面图形。 Molding process of the present invention, the device is as follows: 1. The computerized three-dimensional CAD model, three-dimensional model is divided into a series of sequential cross-sectional pattern having a certain thickness.

2.提升升降平台9至一定高度,并利用液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的支撑材料8的数量,直到支撑材料8表面与工作台表面处于同一水平面内。 2. Lift lifting platform 9 to a certain height, and using the level sensor to detect liquid level 3, according to the liquid level detection by pump 7, conduit 6, diversion hole reservoir 4 5 change in the support material. 8 number 8 until the support surface and the table surface material in the same horizontal plane.

3.计算机根据截面图形控制XY工作台1在水平面内运动,同时成型材料通过喷头2喷出,喷涂在升降平台9表面,形成与截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 3. The computer controlled XY table 1 according to a cross-sectional pattern movement in the horizontal plane, while the molding material is ejected through the nozzle 2, the coating surface of the lift platform 9, formed with the same cross-sectional sprayed layer pattern, the XY table returns After spraying is to be parked.

4.喷涂的成型材料A经过化学反应、辐射、粘结、加热、冷却等方法,在平面内固化形成一层固化零件。 4. A spray molding material through chemical reactions, radiation, bonding, heating, cooling method, etc., in the plane of cured layer cured to form a part.

5.升降工作台9下降一定高度。 5. The lifting table 9 drops to a certain height.

6.液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的支撑材料8的数量,直到液态支撑材料8表面与固化的一层零件上表面处于同一水平面内。 6. The level sensor 3 to detect a liquid level, according to the liquid level detected by the pump 7, the conduit 6, diversion hole 5 in the reservoir to change the amount of material 8 of the support 4, until the liquid surface of the support material and curing 8 on the one surface of the part in the same horizontal plane.

7.XY工作台1在计算机控制下水平面内运动,同时成型材料通过喷头2喷出,在已成型零件表面和液态支撑材料8表面喷涂成型材料A,形成与相应的截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 7.XY table 1 under computer control movement in the horizontal plane, while the molding material is ejected through the nozzle 2, 8 parts of the surface and the surface of the shaped support material sprayed liquid molding material A, the formation of the corresponding cross section of the same graphics sprayed layer, After spraying the XY table to return the parking position.

8.重复成型过程4-7,直至零件10加工完毕。 8. Repeat 4-7 molding process, until 10 parts machining is completed.

9.提升升降台9到一定高度,取出成型零件10。 9. 9 lifts lift to a certain height, remove the molded part 10.

下面通过二个实施例进一步阐述本发明。 The present invention is further illustrated by the following two examples.

实施例1本实施例采用如图2所示的本发明的设备,选择液态光敏树脂12作为成型材料,液态环氧树脂作为支撑材料8。 Example 1 Example 2 using the apparatus shown in Fig present invention, the liquid photosensitive resin 12 selected as a molding material, a liquid epoxy resin 8 as a support material. 光敏树脂储12存于原料槽11中,通过导管14和泵13将光敏树脂12输送到喷头2,喷头2喷出的光敏树脂12经过紫外灯15的照射,液体光敏树脂12固化。 The photosensitive resin material stored in the storage tank 12 11 13 12 photosensitive resin supplied to the nozzle through a conduit 14 and a pump 2, the photosensitive resin ejection nozzle 2 through 12 of ultraviolet light, liquid photosensitive resin 15 of 12 cured.

加工过程如下:1.三维CAD模型数据经过计算机处理,分割成一系列具有一定厚度的截面图形。 Process as follows: a three-dimensional CAD model data processed by computer, is divided into a series of cross-sectional configuration having a certain thickness.

2.升降平台9提升至一定高度,并利用液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的支撑材料环氧树脂8的数量,直到支撑材料8表面与工作台表面处于同一水平面内。 2. 9 lifting platform raised to a certain height, and 3 use the level sensor detecting a liquid level, according to the liquid level detected by the pump 7, the conduit 6, diversion hole 5 in the reservoir to change the support material 4 Epoxy number resin 8 until 8 support surface and the table surface material in the same horizontal plane.

3.根据截面图形数据,计算机控制XY工作台1在水平面内运动,同时光敏树脂12通过喷头2喷出,喷涂在升降平台9表面,形成与截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 3. The cross section of the pattern data, a computer controlled XY stage 1 is moved in the horizontal plane, while the photosensitive resin 12 is ejected through nozzle 2, the coating surface of the lift platform 9, formed with the same cross-sectional pattern sprayed layer, XY table returns After spraying parked position.

4.紫外灯15照射喷涂的光敏树脂,在平面内固化形成一层固化零件。 4. The ultraviolet lamp 15 irradiates the photosensitive resin is sprayed in a plane form a layer of cured curable components.

5.升降工作台9下降一定高度。 5. The lifting table 9 drops to a certain height.

6.液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的环氧树脂的数量,直到环氧树脂表面与固化的一层零件上表面处于同一水平面内。 6. The level sensor to detect liquid level 3, according to the liquid level detection by pump 7, conduit 6, diversion hole reservoir 4 5 change in the number of epoxy until the epoxy surface and cured on one surface of the part in the same horizontal plane.

7.XY工作台1再次在计算机控制下水平面内运动,同时光敏树脂12通过喷头2喷出,在已成型零件表面和环氧树脂表面喷涂光敏树脂,形成与相应的截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 7.XY table 1 again under computer control movement in the horizontal plane, while the photosensitive resin 12 is discharged through the nozzle 2, has been formed in parts of the surface and epoxy surface coating photosensitive resin to form a corresponding cross-section of the same graphics sprayed layer, After spraying the XY table to return the parking position.

8.重复成型过程4-7,直至零件10加工完毕。 8. Repeat 4-7 molding process, until 10 parts machining is completed.

9.提升升降台9到一定高度,取出成型零件10。 9. 9 lifts lift to a certain height, remove the molded part 10.

实施例2本实施例采用如图3所示的本发明的设备,选择蜡18作为成型材料,液态环氧树脂作为支撑材料8。 EXAMPLE 2 This example uses the device shown in Figure 3 of the present invention, a wax selected as a molding material 18, a liquid epoxy resin 8 as a support material. 蜡18储存于原料槽17中,经过加热板16加热至熔融状态,熔融状态的蜡通过导管20和泵19将光敏树脂输送到喷头,喷头喷出的熔融状态的蜡经过冷却凝固成型。 Wax 18 stored in the feed tank 17 through the heating plate 16 is heated to a molten state, the wax 19 will melt state photosensitive resin supplied to the nozzle via conduit 20 and pump, spray nozzle wax in a molten state is cooled and solidified after molding.

加工过程如下:1.三维CAD模型数据经过计算机处理,分割成一系列具有一定厚度的截面图形。 Process as follows: a three-dimensional CAD model data processed by computer, is divided into a series of cross-sectional configuration having a certain thickness.

2.加热板16加热原料槽17,使固态的蜡熔化,保持稳定70-100℃。 2. The heating plate 16 is heated feed trough 17, the solid wax melted, remained stable 70-100 ℃.

3.升降平台9提升至一定高度,并利用液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的支撑材料环氧树脂的数量,直到支撑材料表面与工作台表面处于同一水平面内。 9 3. The lifting platform raised to a certain height, and 3 use the level sensor detecting a liquid level, according to the liquid level detected by the pump 7, the conduit 6, diversion hole 5 in the reservoir to change the support material 4 Epoxy the number of resin until the support material surface and the table surface in the same horizontal plane.

4.根据截面图形数据,计算机控制XY工作台1在水平面内运动,同时熔融状态的蜡通过喷头2喷出,喷涂在升降平台9表面,形成与截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 4. The cross section of the pattern data, a computer controlled XY stage 1 is moved in the horizontal plane, while the wax in a molten state by second discharge nozzle, spraying the surface of the lifting platform 9, formed with the same cross-sectional pattern sprayed layer, After spraying XY table Back parked position.

5.喷涂的蜡在低于60℃的温度下静止10秒-3分钟,在平面内凝固形成一层固化零件。 5. Spray wax at a temperature below 60 deg.] C for 10 seconds to 3 minutes resting in a plane form a cured part solidification.

6.升降工作台9下降一定高度。 6. The lifting table 9 drops to a certain height.

7.液位传感器探测3液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵7、导管6、导流孔5改变储液槽4中的环氧树脂的数量,直到环氧树脂表面与固化的一层零件上表面处于同一水平面内。 7. The liquid level sensor detects the liquid level 3, according to the liquid level detection by pump 7, conduit 6, diversion hole reservoir 4 5 change in the number of epoxy until the epoxy surface and cured on one surface of the part in the same horizontal plane.

8.XY工作台1再次在计算机控制下水平面内运动,同时熔融状态的蜡通过喷头2喷出,在已成型零件表面和环氧树脂表面喷涂熔融状态的蜡,形成与相应的截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置。 8.XY table 1 again under computer control movement in the horizontal plane, while the wax in a molten state by the discharge nozzle 2, has been formed in parts of the surface and epoxy surface coating of wax in a molten state to form the corresponding cross-section of the same graphics sprayed coating, spray finished XY table to return the parking position.

9.重复成型过程4-7,直至零件10加工完毕。 9. Repeat molding process 4-7 until 10 parts machining is completed.

10.提升升降台9到一定高度,取出成型零件10。 10. The promotion lifts 9 to a certain height, remove the molded part 10.

本发明不局限于上述优先例,本领域的技术人员可以在此基础上做出各种变形,例如成型材料和支撑材料选择两种或多种材料的混合物等。 The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned priority cases, those skilled in the art that various modifications may be made on this basis, for example, a molding material and the support material selection mixture of two or more materials and the like.

Claims (4)

1.一种三维打印成型设备,包括XY工作台(1),升降平台(9),其特征在于,所述XY工作台(1)下面设有储液槽(4),XY工作台(1)上面装有喷口向下的喷头(2),XY工作台(1)上方设有液位传感器(3),储液槽(4)内储存有支撑材料(8),升降平台(9)位于支撑材料(8)内,储液槽(4)底边设有导流孔(5),导流孔(5)通过导管(6)与泵(7)连接。 A 3D printing apparatus, comprising an XY stage (1), the lifting platform (9), wherein said XY stage (1) is provided below the reservoir (. 4), the XY stage (1 ) above the head with the spout downwardly (2), (1) is provided with a level sensor above the XY stage (3), a reservoir (4) with a support material within the reservoir (8), the lifting platform (9) is located the support material (8), a reservoir (4) is provided with bottom guide hole (5), guide holes (5) connected by a conduit (6) and the pump (7).
2.根据权利要求1所述的三维打印成型设备,其特征在于,所述储液槽(4)中储存的支撑材料(8)为液体状态。 2. The three-dimensional printing molding apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the support material (8) of the reservoir (4) is stored in a liquid state.
3.根据权利要求1所述的三维打印成型设备,其特征在于,所述喷头(2)通过导管(14)与泵(13)出口连接,泵(13)进口连接储存有成型材料的原料槽(11)。 3. The three-dimensional printing according to claim 1 forming apparatus, characterized in that the head (2) is connected via an outlet conduit (14) and the pump (13), the pump (13) connected to the inlet of the molding material stored raw material tank (11).
4.一种使用三维打印成型设备的方法,其特征在于,三维零件的成型过程是:(1)计算机处理三维CAD模型,将三维模型顺序分割成一系列具有厚度的截面图形;(2)提升升降平台(9)至一高度位置,由液位传感器(3)探测液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵(7)改变储液槽(4)中的支撑材料(8)的数量,直到支撑材料(8)表面与工作台表面处于同一水平面内;(3)计算机根据截面图形控制XY工作台(1)在水平面内运动,同时成型材料通过喷头(2)喷出,喷涂在升降平台(9)表面,形成与截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置;(4)喷涂的成型材料经过化学反应、辐射、粘结、加热、冷却方法,在平面内固化形成一层固化零件;(5)升降工作台(9)下降至一高度位置;(6)液位传感器(3)探测液面高度,根据探测的液面高度,通过泵(7)改变储液槽(4)中的支撑材料(8)的数量,直到液态支撑材料(8)表面与固化的一层零件上表面处于同一水平面内;(7)计算机控制XY工作台(1)作水平面内运动,同时成型材料通过喷头(2)喷出,在已成型零件表面和液态支撑材料(8)表面喷涂成型材料,形成与相应的截面图形相同的喷涂层,喷涂完毕XY工作台返回停泊位置;(8)重复成型过程4-7,直至零件(10)加工完毕;(9)提升升降台(9)到一定高度,取出成型零件(10)。 4. A method of using 3D printing apparatus, characterized in that the process of forming three-dimensional parts are: (1) computer processing three-dimensional CAD model, three-dimensional model is divided into a series of sequential pattern has a cross-sectional thickness; (2) to enhance the lift platform (9) to a height position, by the level sensor (3) detecting a liquid level, according to the liquid level detection by a pump (7) change the number of the reservoir (4) in the support material (8), until the support material (8) at the surface of the table surface in the same horizontal plane; (3) computer-controlled XY stage (1) according to the movement in a horizontal plane cross-sectional configuration, while the molding material through a nozzle (2) is ejected, spraying lifting platform (9) the surface pattern is formed with the same cross-sectional layer of the coating, spray coating is completed to return the XY table is to be parked; (4) coating a molding material through a chemical reaction, radiation, bonding, heating, cooling method, in a plane to form a cured parts layer is cured; (5) lifting table (9) down to a height position; (6) level sensor (3) detecting a liquid level, according to the liquid level detection by a pump (7) to change the reservoir ( number 4) of the support material (8) until the liquid support material (8) on the surface of the cured layer surface of the part in the same horizontal plane; (7) computer-controlled XY table (1) for movement in the horizontal plane, at the same time molding material through the nozzle (2) discharge, has been formed in parts of the surface and the liquid support material (8) surface coating forming material to form the corresponding cross section graphics same spray coatings, spray finished XY table return moored position; (8) repeat 4-7 molding process, until the part (10) finished processing; (9) lifting the lift (9) to a certain height, remove the molded parts (10).

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100475502C (en) 2006-12-08 2009-04-08 华中科技大学 Flume supplement device of photo-cured forming machine
CN102131643B (en) 2008-08-21 2013-09-25 罗兰Dg有限公司 Ink jet type recording device and computer program
CN102211345A (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-10-12 索尼公司 Three-dimensional modeling apparatus, method of manufacturing a three-dimensional object, and three-dimensional object
CN102189686B (en) 2010-03-04 2013-06-12 研能科技股份有限公司 Stereo prototyping mechanism
CN102189686A (en) * 2010-03-04 2011-09-21 研能科技股份有限公司 Stereo prototyping mechanism
CN102529096A (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-07-04 卡尔·赫尔 Device for manufacturing three-dimensional object
CN102529096B (en) * 2010-12-20 2015-10-14 卡尔·赫尔 Means for producing three-dimensional articles of
CN103182840A (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-03 上海富奇凡机电科技有限公司 Micro injector type multi-spray-head three-dimensional printing machine
CN103144306A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-06-12 深圳诚一信科技有限公司 Rapid three-dimensional (3D) laser prototyping machine
CN103144306B (en) * 2013-02-27 2015-07-15 深圳诚一信科技有限公司 Rapid three-dimensional (3D) laser prototyping machine
CN103128972A (en) * 2013-03-24 2013-06-05 韩少卿 Assembly-free 3D (three dimensional) printing formation method and device
CN103128972B (en) * 2013-03-24 2015-07-01 张哲夫 Assembly-free 3D (three dimensional) printing formation method and device
CN103331859B (en) * 2013-06-18 2015-12-02 珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司 3D inkjet printer
CN103317935B (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-11-25 孙永明 The method of manufacturing a structure based ice 3d of printing technology and manufacturing equipment
CN103317935A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-09-25 孙永明 Method and device for manufacturing ice-snow structure based on 3D print technology
CN103407290A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-11-27 华中科技大学 Three-dimensional structure preparation method and device based on electronic jet printing
CN103407290B (en) * 2013-07-18 2016-04-20 华中科技大学 A method of making three-dimensional structures and devices based on printed EFI
CN103331913A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-02 陕西恒通智能机器有限公司 Settling-type 3D (3-dimensional) printing and forming machine
CN103331913B (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-12-23 陕西恒通智能机器有限公司 3d printing machine decanter
CN103612391B (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-12-09 西安交通大学 3d printing method based on near-field electrospinning of micro- and nanostructures
CN103612391A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-05 西安交通大学 Three-dimensional (3D) printing method of micro-nano structure based on near-field electrostatic spinning
CN103786279A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-14 珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司 Silk box
CN103786279B (en) * 2014-02-10 2017-02-22 珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司 Silk pod
CN103935039A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-23 山东科技大学 Printing flatbed of 3D (Three-Dimensional) printer
CN103978213A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-08-13 浙江贝欧复合材料制造有限公司 Novel large-scale 3D (three dimensional) printer
CN103978213B (en) * 2014-05-08 2016-01-13 浙江贝欧复合材料制造有限公司 A large, 3d printer
CN105196536A (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-12-30 三纬国际立体列印科技股份有限公司 Three-dimensional printing apparatus
CN104260343B (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-09-28 北京智谷技术服务有限公司 3d printing assistance method, apparatus and printer 3d
CN104260343A (en) * 2014-08-28 2015-01-07 北京智谷技术服务有限公司 3D (3-dimension) printing auxiliary method and device and 3D printer
CN104210110A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-17 北京智谷技术服务有限公司 3D printing auxiliary method and device and 3D printing equipment
CN104210109A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-17 北京智谷技术服务有限公司 3D printing auxiliary method and device and 3D printing equipment
CN104210109B (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-10-05 北京智谷技术服务有限公司 3d printing assistance method, apparatus and a printing apparatus 3d
CN104723559A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-24 深圳市七号科技有限公司 FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing) 3D printing method, printer and supporting device thereof
CN105398060A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-03-16 济宁学院 Controllable fluid based 3D printer and printing method
CN105620053A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-01 深圳市七号科技有限公司 Color 3D printer
CN105500716A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-20 吉林大学 Method of three-dimensional molding in liquid

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN100395098C (en) 2008-06-18 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3412431A (en) Deposition molding apparatus and method
US5301415A (en) Method for fabrication of three-dimensional articles
US5997795A (en) Processes for forming photonic bandgap structures
US6175422B1 (en) Method and apparatus for the computer-controlled manufacture of three-dimensional objects from computer data
US5260009A (en) System, method, and process for making three-dimensional objects
US5833914A (en) Apparatus and method of laminate molding using releaser
US7236166B2 (en) High-resolution rapid manufacturing
US5387380A (en) Three-dimensional printing techniques
Williams et al. Three Dimensional Printing: Rapid Tooling and'Prototypes Directly from a CAD Model
US20080241404A1 (en) Apparatus for Building a Three-Dimensional Article and a Method for Building a Three-Dimensional Article
US6505089B1 (en) Method for manufacturing a three-dimensional model by variable deposition and apparatus used therein
US6147138A (en) Method for manufacturing of parts by a deposition technique
US6936212B1 (en) Selective deposition modeling build style providing enhanced dimensional accuracy
US5121329A (en) Apparatus and method for creating three-dimensional objects
US20040239009A1 (en) Methods and systems for producting an object through solid freeform fabrication
Tay et al. Solid freeform fabrication of ceramics
US20140265034A1 (en) 3d printing using spiral buildup
US6850334B1 (en) System and method for three dimensional model printing
US5669433A (en) Method for creating a free-form metal three-dimensional article using a layer-by-layer deposition of a molten metal
US5503785A (en) Process of support removal for fused deposition modeling
US6129872A (en) Process and apparatus for creating a colorful three-dimensional object
US5960853A (en) Apparatus for creating a free-form three-dimensional article using a layer-by-layer deposition of a molten metal and deposition of a powdered metal as a support material
US20050072113A1 (en) Uses of support material in solid freeform fabrication systems
US20020093115A1 (en) Layer manufacturing method and apparatus using a programmable planar light source
US5555176A (en) Apparatus and method for making three-dimensional articles using bursts of droplets

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
C17 Cessation of patent right