CN1413489A - Filter fish feed and farming method - Google Patents

Filter fish feed and farming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1413489A
CN1413489A CN02135456A CN02135456A CN1413489A CN 1413489 A CN1413489 A CN 1413489A CN 02135456 A CN02135456 A CN 02135456A CN 02135456 A CN02135456 A CN 02135456A CN 1413489 A CN1413489 A CN 1413489A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
class raw
powder
filter
dregs
Prior art date
Application number
CN02135456A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任东升
吴朝阳
杨朝瑞
Original Assignee
任东升
吴朝阳
杨朝瑞
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 任东升, 吴朝阳, 杨朝瑞 filed Critical 任东升
Priority to CN02135456A priority Critical patent/CN1413489A/en
Publication of CN1413489A publication Critical patent/CN1413489A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

A feed for filter fish is a granular feed prepared from energy-type raw material (0-100 wt. portions), vegetable protein (0-100), animal protein (0-100) and minerals (0-20). The method for raising the said filter fish with the said feed features that the feed is loaded in bags and then suspended in the water. It can be dispersed in the water at moderate speed, so accelerating growth of fish.

Description

Filter-feeding fish feed and cultural method
Technical field:
The invention belongs to field of feed, be specifically related to a kind of filter-feeding fish feed and cultural method.
Background technology:
The mode of filter-feeding fish to filter, phytoplankton in the leaching water body and zooplankter and organic debris are food; Always to culture naturally, its feed is animal wastes or fertilizer or inorganic fertilizer often for a long time for filter-feeding fish; Pond culture output is lower, and the pond shipwreck often causes anoxic, the general pool, death with control; The physique of fish is relatively poor, and meat is relatively poor, and peculiar smell is arranged, and influences the commodity value of fish; Cage culture increases investment because water body famine feed resource forces the expansion cultured area, cause the culture-cycle long, when the breed cabrage was the filter-feeding fingerling of 150~500 grams, it is raised often needed could go on the market more than 3~5 years, therefore, low, the risk increase of culture benefit.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of pond, cage culture of can making and realize intensification, scale, shortening culture-cycle, improve the filter-feeding fish feed and the cultural method of culture benefit.
Realize that the technical scheme that purpose of the present invention is taked is: the filter-feeding fish feed mainly is to be made by energy feed class raw material, vegetable protein feed class raw material, animal protein feed class raw material, mineral feed class raw material, be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight)
Energy feed class raw material 0~100, vegetable protein feed class raw material 0~100, animal protein feed class raw material 0~100, mineral feed class raw material 0~20;
Above-mentioned feed can be made powdery separately, carries out ultramicro grinding behind also available wherein any two or more raw material mix, is packaged into bag;
The method for breeding of filter-feeding fish is as follows: the raising place of filter-feeding fish is all kinds of raising water bodys, with mash feed Jia Shui with become the dough shape, the dough feed is thrown in Pig,, tightened sack installing the Pig of feed, hang in the entry, apart from the water surface 20~100cm, fish is when getting food, and that does not stop collides Pig with rhynchodaenm, feed flows out from the Pig hole, satisfies the filter food requirement of filter-feeding fish;
Wherein Pig has bag, lifting rope, on bag, be provided with small opening, aperture 0.1~100mm, the shape of bag can be arranged to circle, rectangle, cylindricality, taper or other shape, and bag adopts and is made by cotton (net), gauze (net), chemical fibre (net) and other various web material.
The filter-feeding fish feed and the cultural method that adopt such scheme to make, the nutritional labeling height of its feed is because feed adopts ultramicro grinding.After the feed powder chance water of making is swollen, help eating of filter-feeding fish, and, the viscosity of feed is moderate, and the speed of scattering in water is moderate, when feeding rate is that each hundred kilograms of fishes are thrown something and fed 1 kilogram the time, feed group can scatter in 1-2 hour fully, and was sucked fully by fish.Therefore, when culturing the filter-feeding fish of cabrage 250 grams, cabrage just can reach about 2~5Kg then, has shortened breeding cycle greatly.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a Pig general assembly structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment:
The present invention is mainly made by energy feed class raw material, vegetable protein feed class raw material, animal protein feed class raw material, mineral feed class raw material, is powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight)
Energy feed class raw material 0~100, vegetable protein feed class raw material 0~100, animal protein feed class raw material 0~100, mineral feed class raw material 0~20; What wherein energy feed class raw material adopted is corn (powder), wheat (flour, inferior powder), barley (powder), rice (powder), dehydrated sweet potato (powder), Chinese sorghum (powder), potato (powder), pea (powder), mung bean (powder), grain (powder), grass meal, wheat bran, rice bran, starch, grease etc.; What vegetable protein feed class raw material adopted is soybean (dregs of rice, cake), cottonseed (dregs of rice, cake), vegetable seed (dregs of rice, cake), sesame (dregs of rice, cake), peanut (dregs of rice, cake), sunflower benevolence (dregs of rice, cake), flaxseed (dregs of rice, cake), first Mu grass meal, vinasse, corn protein powder, corn germ cake, chaff cake (dregs of rice) etc.; What animal protein feed class raw material adopted is fish meal, digested tankage, meat meal tankage, blood meal, feather meal, leather powder, fishbone dust, tankage, fodder yeast, brewer's yeast, silkworm chrysalis, fish piece etc., mineral feed class raw material mainly refers to calcium monohydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, bone meal etc., above-mentioned feed can be made powdery separately, carry out ultramicro grinding behind also available wherein any two or more raw material mix, be packaged into bag.
Referring to Fig. 1, each label is respectively and raises water body 1, bag 2, lifting rope 3, rack 4 among the figure, and the method for breeding of filter-feeding fish is as follows: the raising place of filter-feeding fish is all kinds of raising water bodys, with mash feed Jia Shui with become the dough shape, the dough feed is thrown in Pig,, tightened sack installing the Pig of feed, hang in the entry, apart from the water surface 20~100cm, fish is when getting food, and that does not stop collides Pig with rhynchodaenm, feed flows out from the Pig hole, satisfies the filter food requirement of filter-feeding fish.
Wherein Pig has bag 2, lifting rope 3, bag 2 is suspended on the rack 4 by lifting rope 3, on bag 2, be provided with small opening, aperture 0.1~100mm, the shape of bag 2 can be arranged to circle, rectangle, cylindricality, taper or other shape, and bag adopts and made by cotton (net), gauze (net), chemical fibre (net) and other various web material.
According to ecological habit, kind and the different growth periods of filter-feeding fish, its batching is also different.
Embodiment 1, the filter-feeding fish feed is mainly made by energy feed class raw material, vegetable protein feed class raw material, animal protein feed class raw material, mineral feed class raw material etc., be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) energy feed class raw material 0~30, vegetable protein feed class raw material 30~60, animal protein feed class raw material 10~30, mineral feed class raw material~10;
Embodiment 2, the present invention is made by following raw material, be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) red dog flour 15~25, dregs of beans 10~40, fish meal 4~20, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2~10, meat meal tankage 2~10, fodder yeast 2~4, cotton dregs 2~20, peanut meal 2~10, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice 2~20, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2, fish are used premix 1~4;
Embodiment 3, the present invention is made by following raw material, be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) red dog flour 20~30, dregs of beans 10~30, fish meal 2~10, cotton dregs 10~20, peanut meal 10~15, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice 10~20, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2, fish are used premix 1~4;
Embodiment 4, and what bighead mainly ingested is the zooplankter feed, and the prescription of its feed is: (by weight)
Raw material juvenile fish small fish adult fish
Red dog flour 20 20 20
Dregs of beans 8 11 23
Fish meal 30 20 10
Dried silkworm chrysalis meal 10 15 15
Meat meal tankage 10 10 10
Fodder yeast 222
Cotton dregs 333
Peanut meal 10 10 10
The vegetable seeds dregs of rice 353
Calcium monohydrogen phosphate 222
Fish is used premix 222
Embodiment 5, and what silver carp mainly ingested is the phytoplankton feed, and the prescription of its feed is: (by weight)
Raw material juvenile fish small fish adult fish
Red dog flour 20 20 20
Dregs of beans 33 26 20
The cotton benevolence dregs of rice 13 16 16
Peanut meal 10 12 18
The vegetable seeds dregs of rice 14 18 18
Calcium monohydrogen phosphate 222
Fish is used premix 222

Claims (10)

1, a kind of filter-feeding fish feed, it is mainly made by energy feed class raw material, vegetable protein feed class raw material, animal protein feed class raw material, mineral feed class raw material, be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, its formulation ratio is: (by weight)
Energy feed class raw material 0~100, vegetable protein feed class raw material 0~100, animal protein feed class raw material 0~100, mineral feed class raw material 0~20;
Above-mentioned feed can be made powdery separately, carries out ultramicro grinding behind also available wherein any two or more raw material mix, is packaged into bag;
2, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that making by energy feed class raw material, vegetable protein feed class raw material, animal protein feed class raw material, mineral feed class raw material, be powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) energy feed class raw material 0~30, vegetable protein feed class raw material 30~60, animal protein feed class raw material 10~30, mineral feed class raw material 0~10 are made;
3, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described energy feed class raw material employing is corn (powder), wheat (flour, inferior powder), barley (powder), rice (powder), dehydrated sweet potato (powder), Chinese sorghum (powder), potato (powder), pea (powder), mung bean (powder), grain (powder), grass meal, wheat bran, rice bran, starch, grease.
4, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described vegetable protein feed class raw material employing is soybean (dregs of rice, cake), cottonseed (dregs of rice, cake), vegetable seed (dregs of rice, cake), sesame (dregs of rice, cake), peanut (dregs of rice, cake), sunflower benevolence (dregs of rice, cake), flaxseed (dregs of rice, cake), alfalfa meal, vinasse, corn protein powder, corn germ cake, chaff cake (dregs of rice).
5, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described animal protein feed class raw material employing is fish meal, digested tankage, meat meal tankage, blood meal, feather meal, leather powder, fishbone dust, animal offal, fodder yeast, brewer's yeast, silkworm chrysalis, fish piece.
6, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described mineral feed class raw material employing is calcium monohydrogen phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, bone meal.
7, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed is a powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) red dog flour 15~25, dregs of beans 10~40, fish meal 4~20, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2~10, meat meal tankage 2~10, fodder yeast 2~4, cotton dregs 2~20.Peanut meal 2~10, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice 2~20, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2, fish are used premix 1~4.
8, filter-feeding fish feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed is a powdery, and the powder diameter is less than 5mm, and its formulation ratio is: (by weight) red dog flour 20~30, dregs of beans 10~30, fish meal 2~10, cotton dregs 10~20, peanut meal 10~15, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice 10~20, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2, fish are used premix 1~4.
9, a kind of filter-feeding fish cultural method, its method for breeding is as follows: the raising place of filter-feeding fish is all kinds of raising water bodys, with mash feed Jia Shui with become the dough shape, the dough feed is thrown in Pig, the Pig of feed will be installed, tighten sack, hang in the entry, apart from the water surface 20~100cm, fish is when getting food, that does not stop collides Pig with rhynchodaenm, and feed flows out from the Pig hole, satisfies the filter food requirement of filter-feeding fish.
10, a kind of Pig of using in the filter-feeding fish cultural method has bag, lifting rope, it is characterized in that being provided with on bag small opening.Aperture 0.1~100mm, the shape of bag can be arranged to circle, rectangle, cylindricality, taper or other shape, and bag adopts and is made by cotton (net), gauze (net), chemical fibre (net) and other various web material.
CN02135456A 2002-09-05 2002-09-05 Filter fish feed and farming method CN1413489A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101991027A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-03-30 宁夏大北农科技实业有限公司 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN102405861A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-04-11 吴江市水产养殖有限公司 Method for raising fish in net cages
CN102524581A (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-07-04 戴志彬 Grass carp feed
CN102919585A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-13 重庆师范大学 Moringa oleifera powder complete granulated feed for fish and production method thereof
CN103039731A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-17 浙江澳华饲料有限公司 Mixed feed for mixed aquaculture of freshwater fish
CN103315179A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-25 无锡市华牧机械有限公司 Feed formula for fish culture
CN103518993A (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-01-22 安徽晨诺饲料油脂加工有限公司 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN103931959A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 广东通威饲料有限公司 Nutrimental, efficient environment-friendly milkfish compound feed
CN104026394A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-10 安徽省肥东县管湾水产养殖场 Soybean formula feed for mandarin fishes and preparation method of feed
CN104255605A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-01-07 浙江恒泽生态农业科技有限公司 Method for using Chinese herbal medicine to prevent fish disease in aquaculture
CN104543508A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Protein recipe in fish feed
CN104543510A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Manufacturing technology of fish feed
CN104642776A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 苏州苏湘特种水产养殖场 Preparation method of high-protein fish and shrimp feed
CN104642773A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 苏州苏湘特种水产养殖场 High-calcium disease-resistant feed
CN105410480A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-23 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Formula of mullet feed prepared with silkworm residue
CN105475695A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Mullet breeding feed formula
CN105533278A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Mugil cephalus farming bio-feed recipe
CN106901077A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-06-30 荆门市五龙饲料有限公司 A kind of aquatic feeds formula and its production method
CN106962685A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-21 成立 Spacetabs type bulk aquatic feeds
CN107568437A (en) * 2017-09-06 2018-01-12 安徽蓝田特种龟鳖有限公司 A kind of preparation method of variegated carp special feed

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101991027B (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-10-31 宁夏大北农科技实业有限公司 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN101991027A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-03-30 宁夏大北农科技实业有限公司 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN102405861A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-04-11 吴江市水产养殖有限公司 Method for raising fish in net cages
CN102524581A (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-07-04 戴志彬 Grass carp feed
CN102919585A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-13 重庆师范大学 Moringa oleifera powder complete granulated feed for fish and production method thereof
CN103039731B (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-10-22 浙江澳华饲料有限公司 Mixed feed for mixed aquaculture of freshwater fish
CN103039731A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-17 浙江澳华饲料有限公司 Mixed feed for mixed aquaculture of freshwater fish
CN103315179A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-25 无锡市华牧机械有限公司 Feed formula for fish culture
CN103518993A (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-01-22 安徽晨诺饲料油脂加工有限公司 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN103931959A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 广东通威饲料有限公司 Nutrimental, efficient environment-friendly milkfish compound feed
CN104026394B (en) * 2014-06-09 2016-03-30 安徽省肥东县管湾水产养殖场 A kind of mandarin fish soy formulations feed and preparation method thereof
CN104026394A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-10 安徽省肥东县管湾水产养殖场 Soybean formula feed for mandarin fishes and preparation method of feed
CN104255605A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-01-07 浙江恒泽生态农业科技有限公司 Method for using Chinese herbal medicine to prevent fish disease in aquaculture
CN104255605B (en) * 2014-09-24 2016-08-24 浙江恒泽生态农业科技有限公司 Aquaculture utilizes the method for herbal control fish disease
CN104543510A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Manufacturing technology of fish feed
CN104543508A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Protein recipe in fish feed
CN104642773A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 苏州苏湘特种水产养殖场 High-calcium disease-resistant feed
CN104642776A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 苏州苏湘特种水产养殖场 Preparation method of high-protein fish and shrimp feed
CN105410480A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-23 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Formula of mullet feed prepared with silkworm residue
CN105475695A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Mullet breeding feed formula
CN105533278A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Mugil cephalus farming bio-feed recipe
CN106962685A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-21 成立 Spacetabs type bulk aquatic feeds
CN106901077A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-06-30 荆门市五龙饲料有限公司 A kind of aquatic feeds formula and its production method
CN107568437A (en) * 2017-09-06 2018-01-12 安徽蓝田特种龟鳖有限公司 A kind of preparation method of variegated carp special feed

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