CN1364407A - Cat sand for pet - Google Patents

Cat sand for pet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1364407A
CN1364407A CN 01107443 CN01107443A CN1364407A CN 1364407 A CN1364407 A CN 1364407A CN 01107443 CN01107443 CN 01107443 CN 01107443 A CN01107443 A CN 01107443A CN 1364407 A CN1364407 A CN 1364407A
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absorbent
sand
adhesive
pet
makes
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CN 01107443
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Chinese (zh)
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梁仲楷
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梁仲楷
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Abstract

The cat sand for pet includes water absorbent, adhesive and the absorbent and the adhesive are attached to organic substrate. Using the absorbent and the adhesive to replace natural bentonite makes the cat sand recoverable, no pollution, and with ideal use effect.

Description

宠物用猫砂 Pet cat litter

本发明涉及一种用于清除动物(主要是猫)的生理排泄物的清洁卫生用品,尤其是一种宠物用猫砂。 The present invention relates to a sanitary products for removing excreta physiological animals (mainly cats), in particular a pet cat litter.

猫砂在国外是一种消耗量非常大的宠物用品,是绝大多数饲养宠物猫家庭的常用必备品,另外在宠物店,宠物猫繁殖场等都要使用猫砂,在宠物用品生产制造业中占有举足轻重的地位。 Cat litter in a foreign country is a very large consumption of pet supplies, pet cats are the vast majority of commonly used household essential goods, in addition have to use cat litter in pet shops, pet cat breeding grounds, etc., in manufacturing pet products the industry occupies a pivotal position. 何谓之猫砂,它又是怎么使用的呢? What is the cat litter, it is how to use it? 养过猫的人都应该了解,猫是一种很爱干净的动物,当它大、小便时,不会随地乱撒,它会找一处地方定点解决,完后还要将粪便掩埋起来。 Had a cat person should understand that the cat is a clean animal love, when it is large, when urinating, do not spread chaos everywhere, it will Find a place designated to solve, even after the feces buried together. 于是,大多数人都会用黄砂或煤灰等给它做一个“厕所”,这样,猫就不会到处找地方大、小便了。 So, most people will use such as yellow sand or ash to make it a "toilet" so that the cat will not find that great place, urinate. 但黄砂、煤灰等沾染到粪便和尿液后,仍然会是“散沙一盘”,时间不长,就要将黄砂和煤灰全部清除掉,十分不便。 But the yellow sand, ash and other contaminated faeces and urine, is still "a loose sand," the time is not long, it is necessary to clear out all the yellow sand and ash, very inconvenient. 后来有人发明了猫砂,该猫砂正是根据猫的这一习性,在“凝固”上做文章,当猫砂和猫的粪便与尿液接触后,凡是接触的那部分,就会凝固成为具有一定硬度的球形块状物,而粪便和尿液未触及到的猫砂不会被污染。 Later, someone invented the cat litter, the litter is the basis of this cat's habits, to make a fuss "freeze" when the cat litter and cat feces and urine in contact with, any contact with that part, it solidifies and forms having a certain hardness spherical lumps, but does not touch the feces and urine will not be contaminated litter. 由于该产品大约是1~3mm左右不规则颗粒状,就像砂子一样,又是给猫使用(当然其它宠物同样也可使用),所以叫猫砂。 Since the product is about 1 ~ 3mm irregular granular, like sand, but also to the cat to use (of course, other pets are also available), so called cat litter. 使用时,将猫砂倒入猫砂盆(一种装猫砂的容器,属宠物用品),辅7~10cm厚,就可以给猫用了,清洁猫砂盆时,用猫砂铲(专用工具,属宠物用品)将那些凝固了的块状物从猫砂中铲出,丢入垃圾桶,就达到清除猫的粪便和尿液的目的,而猫砂盆里剩余的猫砂,仍是干净的,可继续使用,当用量减少后,可继续添加新的猫砂补充。 In use, the litter was poured into a litter (s litter container means, genus pet products), the secondary 7 ~ 10cm thick, can give the cat, cleaning litter box with cat litter shovel (Dedicated tools, pet supplies belong to) those solidified mass from the litter shovel out, trash, will achieve the purpose of clearing cat feces and urine, cat litter and litter the rest of the basin, it is still clean, can continue to use, when the amount of reduction, can continue to add new litter added. 因此,使用猫砂可以方便、快速、干净、卫生地清除掉猫的粪便。 Therefore, the use of cat litter easy, fast, clean, sanitary purged of cat feces. 这就是猫砂的作用。 This is the role of cat litter.

现有猫砂的主要原材料是膨润土,膨润土是一种矿物产品,有专门的厂家开采和生产,应用于冶金、建材、石油开采等行业。 The main raw material of conventional bentonite cat litter, Bentonite is a mineral product, manufacturers have specialized exploration and production, used in metallurgy, building materials and petroleum industries. 用膨润土来做猫砂,主要是利用它的吸水性、膨润性、凝固性。 Bentonite cat litter do, mainly using its water absorption, swelling, coagulation. 根据这些性质,采用以下工艺及流程就可生产出猫砂:将膨润土加水,通过搅拌设备搅拌成泥状,用造粒设备造成条状颗粒,通过烘干设备烘干,然后用破碎设备破碎成不规则状颗粒,通过筛选设备去粉,最后包装成品。 According to these properties, the following process and the process can produce a litter: bentonite with water, stirred by a stirring apparatus into the sludge, resulting in particles with a stripe granulation equipment, drying equipment by drying, and then crushed into crushing equipment irregularly shaped particles, to the powder through the screening device, the final packaging products. 当然,上述方案也可省略破碎流程,如现有猫砂也有作成1~3mm条状颗粒,不经破碎,烘干后直接包装成品出售的,与经破碎不规则状猫砂相比,原理、结构、用途都一样,只是外形不同而已。 Of course, the above-described embodiment may be omitted crushing process, such as conventional cat litter is also made of particles 1 ~ 3mm strip, without fragmentation, packaged directly after drying the finished products for sale, with irregular crushed litter compared principle, structure, use all the same, just different shape.

以膨润土为主要原料的猫砂已有了十几年的生产与使用历史,虽然给饲养宠物的家庭及行业带来了方便之处,但也留下一些不可消除的负面。 Bentonite as the main raw material of the litter has more than ten years of production and use of history, has given the family pet and industry to bring convenient place, but also left some indelible negative. 最突出的问题就是使用后的猫砂无法回收处理而对环境造成污染。 The most prominent problem is not using the litter after recycling and pollution to the environment. 由于膨润土是天然矿产,使用后的猫砂无法焚烧转化成热能,又由于它遇水而溶,不能填地填海用来种粮、建房。 Since Bentonite is a natural mineral, it can not be incinerated after use litter into heat, and because it is water soluble and can not be used for landfill reclamation grain, housing. 在要求环保呼声高涨的当今时代,垃圾都要实行分类处理,而这种无法处理的垃圾,在国外许多垃圾处理厂都拒绝回收,许多国家都开始逐步禁止使用该种产品。 Environmental protection requirements are growing louder in the modern era, garbage classification process should be implemented, but can not handle this kind of garbage, waste treatment plants in many foreign countries have refused to recovery, many countries have begun to phase out the use of that product. 由于现有猫砂的这种局限性,使得它越来越不适合未来社会的发展方向,在不久的将来,它将丧失其生存空间,直至退出宠物用品制造与销售领域。 Because of this limitation of existing litter, making it more and more unsuitable for the future direction of social development in the near future, it will lose its survival until the exit pet products manufacturing and sales.

为解决上述问题,本发明的目的在于提供一种可直接回收处理,无污染、环保的宠物用猫砂。 To solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a direct recycling, non-polluting, environmentally friendly pet litter.

为达到上述目的,本发明采用如下方案:一种宠物用猫砂,包括吸水剂、粘结剂和有机物基体,所述的吸水剂和粘结剂附着在有机物基体上。 To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following solutions: A pet litter, comprising a water absorbing agent, a binder and an organic base, the water-absorbing agent and a binder deposited on the organic substrate.

作为上述方案的进一步改进,其中有机物基体∶吸水剂∶粘结剂=1∶0.8∶0.03(重量比)。 As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, wherein the organic matrix: water-absorbing agent: binder = 1:0.8:0.03 (weight ratio).

作为上述方案的进一步改进,其特征在于有机物基体细度在20目以上。 As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, wherein the fineness of the organic matrix than 20 mesh.

本发明与现有使用膨润土的猫砂相比较,有以下优点和积极效果:一、重量轻:本发明的单位体积重量为300kg/m3,而现有猫砂单位体积重量为1000kg/m3;二、吸收异味能力强,且吸水性好,6.4g可吸20ml的水;三、使用后处理方便,可直接处理:本发明以有机物为基体,因此使用后可直接冲入下水道;或送垃圾处理厂焚烧,转化成热能;或填地,由于它里面含有吸水剂,投入到土壤中,可起到改良土壤的作用,又由于含动物粪便,可作为有机肥使用。 Compared with the conventional bentonite cat litter of the present invention has the following advantages and positive effects: First, light weight: the weight per volume of the present invention is 300kg / m3, the weight per volume of conventional cat litter 1000kg / m3; two , odor absorbing ability and water absorption, water 20ml smokable 6.4 g; three, easy handling, can be processed directly: the present invention is organic-matrix, and therefore directly into the sewer after use; waste or feed incineration plant, transformed into heat; or landfill, because of its water-absorbing agent which contains, into the soil, can play a role in improving the soil, and because containing animal waste, can be used as organic fertilizer.

四、本发明使用时无粉尘,而现有猫砂使用时粉尘较大,不利于动物身体健康。 Fourth, the present invention uses no dust, but dust existing large cat litter to use, is not conducive to animal health.

五、在本发明的生产过程中工人劳动强度低、粉尘小,有利于保护职工身体。 Fifth, low in the production process of the present invention labor intensity, low dust, help protect the health of workers. 而现有猫砂的生产工人劳动强度高,生产过程中粉尘大,易对周围环境造成污染。 The high labor intensity of production of existing cat litter, large dust production process, easy to pollute the surrounding environment.

六、环保,无污染,节省资源。 Sixth, environmental protection, pollution-free, save resources. 本发明成分中的有机物基体所选原材料可以是:剧末、刨花、谷壳、竹粉,或玉米、高粱、小麦等农作物的节杆、废纸屑等物,这些材料全部都是些边角废料,相当于废弃物资的循环再利用,符合环保精神。 Organic matrix material selected component of the present invention may be: end of the play, the rod section shavings crops, chaff, bamboo powder, or corn, sorghum, wheat, wastepaper and other objects, all of these materials are some corners waste, the equivalent of recycling waste materials, in line with the spirit of environmental protection. 而现有猫砂需开采膨润土矿产资源,而矿产资源是不可再生的,另外开发矿产资源一般都会对当地的生态环境造成破坏,有悖于环保精神。 The need to exploit existing litter bentonite mineral resources, mineral resources are non-renewable, in addition to the development of mineral resources in general will cause damage to the local ecological environment, contrary to the spirit of environmental protection.

综上所述,本发明以有机物为基体,用吸水剂和粘结剂取替膨润土的天然特性,是一种可直接回收处理、无污染、环保、使用效果理想的宠物用猫砂。 In summary, the present invention is organic-matrix replace the natural characteristics of bentonite and water-absorbing agent with a binder, recycling is a direct, non-polluting, the ideal environment, the effect of the use of the pet litter.

下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的说明:本实施例中,选择木粉(60目)为有机物基体原料,宠物用猫砂按以下组分及比例(重量比)进行组合:木粉(有机物基体)∶吸水剂∶粘结剂=1∶0.8∶0.03。 Below in connection with embodiments of the present invention will be further described: In this embodiment, selected wood flour (60 mesh) to the organic base material, according to the pet litter composition with the following components ratio (weight ratio): wood flour (organic base ): water-absorbing agent: binder = 1:0.8:0.03. 按上述比例,以100kg的木粉为标准,则需混合吸水剂80kg,粘结剂3kg。 The above proportions, 100kg of standard wood flour, 80kg need mixing water absorbing agent, a binder 3kg.

上述有机物基体原材料并不局限于木粉,还可以选择一些可回收处理、无公害的有机物,如锯末、刨花、谷壳、竹粉,或玉米、高粱、小麦等农作物的节杆或废纸屑,只要将其加工成粉末状或小颗粒状即可。 The organic substance base material is not limited to wood, you can also choose some recyclable processing, pollution-free organic crops, such as sawdust, wood shavings, chaff, bamboo powder, or corn, sorghum, wheat, etc., or articulated lever wastepaper as long as it is processed into a powder or small particulate can.

上述吸水剂的主要成分为聚丙稀酸钠,当然也可选择其他材料,如其它的聚丙稀酸盐类。 The main component of the water absorbing agent is sodium polypropylene, of course, other materials may also be selected, such as other polypropylene acid salts. 粘结剂用现成的化工原料羧甲基纤维素(CMC)和羧甲基淀粉(CMS)制成。 Readily available chemicals binder carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and carboxymethyl starch (CMS) is made. 本实施例中,羧甲基纤维素占33.3%(重量比),羧甲基淀粉占66.7%(重量比)方法实施例:有机物原料首先要通过粉碎设备加工成粉末状,细度在20目以上,所用设备可用矿山、饲料、医药、食品等行业所使用的微粉粉碎机。 In this embodiment, carboxymethylcellulose 33.3% (by weight), carboxymethyl starch 66.7% Example (weight ratio) Method: First of organic raw materials to be processed into powders by pulverization apparatus, fineness 20 mesh above, the mine available powder mill equipment, feed, medicine, food and other industries is used with. 制成粉以后,将粉按上述1∶0.8∶0.03的比例同吸水剂和粘结剂混合,用搅拌机搅拌均匀,搅拌机可选矿山、饲料、医药、食品等行业所使用的搅拌机,搅拌均匀后的物料送入造粒机进行加工,造粒机可选用饲料行业所用的环模饲料颗粒机,通过更换模具,可做出φ1.5~φ5mm不等的条状颗粒(颗粒大小可根据实际需要而定)。 After the powder is made, according to the powder mixing ratio of the water absorbing agent with 1:0.8:0.03 and a binder, stir with a mixer, blender mixer mine optional, feed, medicine, food and other industries is used, stir the processed material into the granulator, a granulator may be used in feed industry selected ring die feed particles, by changing the mold, can be made φ1.5 ~ φ5mm strip ranging particles (particle size according to actual needs availability). 造好颗粒后,就可将颗粒送入烘干设备进行烘干,烘干设备可选用回转窑、网带式干燥机、振动流化干燥厂等,热源可选用蒸汽、燃油、天然气、煤炭等。 After the buoyant particles, the particles can be fed into the drying apparatus for drying, rotary kiln drying equipment choice, belt dryers, vibrating fluidized drying plants, etc., the choice of source steam, fuel, gas, coal, etc. . 烘干后的颗粒,可直接用振动筛粉设备去掉成品中的粉末(这样的产品叫条形猫砂)。 After drying the particles, vibrating sieving equipment to remove the finished product powder (so called strip cat litter products) can be directly used. 或将条形猫砂用饲料机械中的对滚破碎机破碎成不规则颗粒状,筛掉成品中的粉末(这样的猫砂叫做破碎猫砂),然后包装入箱,就可出厂销售。 The irregular granular litter or feed strip machine for rolling into a crusher, sieve the powder out of the finished product (this is called crushing litter litter) and then packaged into a box, can be manufactured for sale.

通过上述方法制成的宠物用猫砂,使吸水剂和粘结剂附着在每一颗细微的粉末颗粒上。 Produced by the above methods pet litter with the water-absorbing agent and a binder attached to each one of the fine powder particles. 使用时,吸水剂和粘结剂发挥出不同的作用。 When used, the water-absorbing agent and a binder play a different role. 吸水剂主要吸收水分,防止扩散,而粘结剂在吸水剂吸水程中,将每一颗有水分的颗粒都相互黏结在一起,聚集成块。 The main water absorbing agent absorbs moisture, preventing diffusion, the water absorbing agent and the water-absorbing binder process, each have a moisture particles bond to each other, polyethylene manifold. 这就是本发明的使用原理。 This is the principle use of this invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1:一种宠物用猫砂,包括吸水剂、粘结剂和有机物基体,所述的吸水剂和粘结剂附着在有机物基体上。 1: A pet litter, comprising a water absorbing agent, a binder and an organic base, the water-absorbing agent and a binder deposited on the organic substrate.
  2. 2:根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于有机物基体∶吸水剂∶粘结剂=1∶0.8∶0.03。 2: pet litter according to claim 1, wherein the organic matrix: water-absorbing agent: binder = 1:0.8:0.03.
  3. 3:根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于有机物基体为木材的锯末或木材的刨花或谷壳或竹粉或玉米节杆或高粱节杆或小麦节杆或废纸屑。 3: pet litter according to claim 1, wherein the organic substrate is wood sawdust or wood shavings or corn flour or chaff or bamboo section rod or section bar or sorghum or wheat straw section wastepaper.
  4. 4:根据权利要求1或2或3所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于有机物基体细度在20目以上。 4: The pet litter of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the fineness of the organic matrix at 20 mesh.
  5. 5:根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于所述的吸水剂为聚丙稀酸盐。 5: pet litter according to claim 1, wherein said water-absorbing agent is polypropylene salt.
  6. 6:根据权利要求5所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于吸水剂为聚丙稀酸钠。 6: pet litter according to claim 5, characterized in that the water absorbing agent is sodium polypropylene.
  7. 7:根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于所述的粘结剂由羧甲基纤维素及羧甲基淀粉组成。 7: pet litter according to claim 1, wherein said binder is made of carboxymethyl cellulose and carboxymethyl starch.
CN 01107443 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Cat sand for pet CN1364407A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US7895976B2 (en) 2004-06-10 2011-03-01 Uni-Charm Corporation Animal litter
CN102150627A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Cat litter and making method thereof
CN102273410A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-14 天津腾驰宠物用品有限公司 A natural plant litter
CN102687668A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-09-26 王洪恩 Cat litter prepared from dry bean dregs and preparation method thereof
CN102687669A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-09-26 王洪恩 Bean dreg cat litter prepared from wet bean dregs and manufacture method thereof
CN104168763A (en) * 2012-01-16 2014-11-26 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Compositions useful as animal litters
CN104351063A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Carbonized corn straw cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104429986A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Bagasse cat litter and producing method thereof
CN104472370A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Iron ore powder micro-hole cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104472378A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Faint scent odor-removing cat litter and preparation method
CN104472374A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Cottonseed hull cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104521783A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Pet cat litter with good antibacterial effect, and preparation method thereof
CN104707845A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-06-17 赵维亮 Coagulant for clearing liquid-containing garbage
CN104938344A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 刘永强 High-efficiency environment-friendly clotting cat litter
CN105594603A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-25 浙江农林大学 Bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7895976B2 (en) 2004-06-10 2011-03-01 Uni-Charm Corporation Animal litter
CN102150627A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Cat litter and making method thereof
CN102273410A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-14 天津腾驰宠物用品有限公司 A natural plant litter
CN102273410B (en) * 2011-08-10 2016-01-27 天津市生环生物技术有限公司 A natural plant litter
CN104168763A (en) * 2012-01-16 2014-11-26 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Compositions useful as animal litters
CN104168763B (en) * 2012-01-16 2018-04-03 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Used as an animal litter composition
CN102687668A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-09-26 王洪恩 Cat litter prepared from dry bean dregs and preparation method thereof
CN102687669A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-09-26 王洪恩 Bean dreg cat litter prepared from wet bean dregs and manufacture method thereof
CN102687669B (en) * 2012-06-26 2015-06-17 王洪恩 Bean dreg cat litter prepared from wet bean dregs and manufacture method thereof
CN104429986A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Bagasse cat litter and producing method thereof
CN104472370A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Iron ore powder micro-hole cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104472374A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Cottonseed hull cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104351063B (en) * 2014-11-25 2016-08-17 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 One kind of corn stover litter carbonization and preparation method
CN104351063A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Carbonized corn straw cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104472378A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Faint scent odor-removing cat litter and preparation method
CN104521783A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Pet cat litter with good antibacterial effect, and preparation method thereof
CN104707845A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-06-17 赵维亮 Coagulant for clearing liquid-containing garbage
CN104938344A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 刘永强 High-efficiency environment-friendly clotting cat litter
CN105594603A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-25 浙江农林大学 Bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material and preparation method thereof

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