CN102150627A - Cat litter and making method thereof - Google Patents

Cat litter and making method thereof Download PDF

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CN102150627A
CN102150627A CN 201110027142 CN201110027142A CN102150627A CN 102150627 A CN102150627 A CN 102150627A CN 201110027142 CN201110027142 CN 201110027142 CN 201110027142 A CN201110027142 A CN 201110027142A CN 102150627 A CN102150627 A CN 102150627A
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litter
selected
mixtures
cat litter
weight
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CN 201110027142
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刘清
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青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses cat litter comprising a composition prepared from the following components in percent by weight: 50-80% of inorganic clay, 5-15% of silica gel, 5-20% of organic substrate and 8-20% of mineral matter, wherein the inorganic clay is selected from one or a mixture of attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite and sepiolite; the organic substrate is selected from one or a mixture of corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut hull, walnut shell, pine wood shavings and broadleaved tree wood shavings; and the mineral matter is selected from one or a mixture of perlite, diatomite, pumice and other low-density mineral matters. The cat litter disclosed by the invention has the following advantages of largely strengthened adsorption deodorization capacity due to the addition of the silica gel component, stronger deodorization capacity by utilizing the adsorbability of natural materials, natural fragrance, small weight and strong caking capability, in particular no dust and easiness for treatment; and the cat litter disclosed by the invention is 40% lighter than the traditional bentonite cat litter.

Description

一种猫砂及其制作方法 One kind of cat litter and manufacturing method thereof

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种宠物用品,尤其涉及一种猫砂及其制作方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a pet supplies, and particularly to a method of manufacturing the litter.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在猫砂产品出现以前,宠物(以猫为例)不得不在户外或者木屑或者沙子上处理排泄物,这样造成了很大的环境污染。 [0002] In previous cat litter products appear, pets (cats, for example) had to deal with excrement on the outdoor or wood chips or sand, which caused a lot of environmental pollution. 随着家中宠物猫的日益增长,出现了一种猫砂产品作为宠物的垫料,其可以用来吸收宠物尿液、粪便废物和控制气味。 With the growing pet cat at home, there was one kind of litter cat litter products as a pet, which can be used to absorb pet urine, fecal waste and odor control.

[0003] 早期的猫砂主要是以不结团的黏土猫砂为主。 [0003] Early clumping litter is not mainly based clay litter. 但是由于这类猫砂不结团,因此不便于人们处理猫的排泄物。 However, since no such clumping litter, it is not easy to handle cat excrement. 随着猫砂技术的不断进步,出现了结团黏土砂,钠基膨润土开始流行。 With the continuous advancement of technology cat litter, sand-taking group of clay, sodium bentonite became popular. 因为它们能够迅速的包裹猫尿,使猫尿能够形成一个团,便于清洁,并能减少恶臭垃圾的产生。 Because they can quickly wrapped cat urine, cat urine so that a group can be formed, easy to clean, and it can reduce odor of garbage. 但是这一类的猫砂粉尘大,除臭能力差。 But this type of large cat litter dust, odor poor. 只能通过添加芳香剂或者其他的除臭剂来帮助除臭。 Only to help deodorant by adding a fragrance or other deodorants. 并且其密度相对比较大,运费昂贵,消费者购买时不便于携带。 And its density is relatively large, expensive freight, not easy to carry when consumers buy.

[0004] 目前市场又出现了可生物降解的猫砂,主要是由轻密度的纤维素、小麦、米、竹子、 松树、或其他有机物质组成,其吸水效果较好,异味少,耗损率低,使用方便,变成粉状后丢弃或冲入马桶即可。 [0004] The current market has emerged biodegradable litter, is primarily comprised of a light density cellulose, wheat, rice, bamboo, pine, or other organic materials, whose water absorption is better, less odor, low loss easy to use, it can be discarded after a toilet or into the powder becomes. 但是这种猫砂容易滋养细菌,特别是细菌霉变产生的气味和猫尿以及排泄物混合会产生更大的臭味。 However, this litter is easy to nourish the bacteria, especially bacteria produce mildew smell of cat urine and excrement and mixing leads to greater odor. 这种臭味的去除,特别是产生的氨味的去除和黏土猫砂相比是很大的问题。 Remove this odor, ammonia odor removal and produced clay cat litter especially compared to a big problem. 这种猫砂与钠基膨润土猫砂相比不但不结团,还产生更多的块或者颗粒。 Such litter with litter compared to sodium bentonite agglomerate is not only, but also produce more blocks or granules. 这样更难适用于宠物猫。 Such harder apply to pet cats.

[0005] 硅胶猫砂主要使用的是C型块状的不定性硅,这种猫砂具有较大的孔能够更好的除臭。 [0005] The silica gel is mainly used cat litter uncertainty silicon type block C, which have larger pores litter better deodorization. 这种猫砂最大优点的是高吸附量和除臭能力。 This cat litter is the biggest advantage of high adsorption capacity and deodorizing ability. 但是,价格昂贵,使用量较大,而且易产生硅胶粉尘,对人和猫具有一定的危害性。 However, the price is expensive, the use of large and easy to produce silica dust has certain dangers to humans and cats. 通常它们能够被猫接受,但是这种猫砂一般不结团。 Often they can be accepted by cats, but this is generally not clumping cat litter.

[0006] 因此,需要提供一种猫砂及其制作方法以解决上述问题。 [0006] Accordingly, a need to provide a litter and manufacturing method to solve the above problems. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 为了解决该问题,本发明公开了一种猫砂,该猫砂包括按照以下重量比的组分形成的组合物:无机黏土,50% -80%,该无机黏土选自凹凸棒土、膨润土、高岭石、海泡石或者它们的混合物;硅胶,5% -15% ;有机基料,5% -20%,该有机基料选自玉米芯、玉米、小麦、苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑、阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物;矿物质,8% -20%,该矿物质选自珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石或者其他低密度矿物质,或者上述物质的混合物。 [0007] In order to solve this problem, the present invention discloses a litter, the litter composition comprising the following by weight composition ratio is formed: inorganic clay, 50% -80%, the inorganic clay is selected from Attapulgite , bentonite, kaolinite, sepiolite or mixtures thereof; silica gel, 5% -15%; organic binder, 5% to 20%, the organic binder is selected from corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa, peanut shells , walnut shells, pine sawdust, wood chips or mixtures thereof broadleaf; minerals, 8% -20%, the mineral is selected from perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice or other low-density minerals, or mixtures thereof.

[0008] 优选地,该无机黏土的含量为55% -75%。 [0008] Preferably, the content of the inorganic clay of 55% -75%.

[0009] 优选地,该硅胶的含量为5% -10%。 [0009] Preferably, the silica content of 5% -10%.

[0010] 优选地,该有机基料的含量为5^-15¾^ [0010] Preferably, the content of the organic binder is 5 ^ -15¾ ^

[0011] 优选地,该矿物质的含量为10%-15%。 [0011] Preferably, the mineral content of 10% -15%.

[0012] 较佳地,该猫砂还包括以该组合物总重量计20% -50%的黏合剂。 [0012] Preferably, the cat litter further comprises based on the total weight of the composition from 20% to 50% binder.

[0013] 较佳地,该黏合剂选自水、硅溶胶、泡花碱、糊精或它们的混合物。 [0013] Preferably, the binder is selected from water, silica sol, sodium silicate, dextrin, or mixtures thereof. [0014] 较佳地,该猫砂中还包括氧化钛。 [0014] Preferably, the cat litter further comprises titanium oxide.

[0015] 本发明还公开了一种猫砂的制作方法,该方法包括以下步骤: [0015] The present invention also discloses a method for manufacturing a litter, the method comprising the steps of:

[0016] a.混合搅拌:将重量比为50% -80%的无机黏土,5% -15%的硅胶,5% -20%的有机基料,以及8% -20%的矿物质混合后形成组合物,并放入搅拌器中进行均化;组合物混合均勻后,再按照重量比加入20% -50%的黏合剂。 . [0016] a mixing: a weight ratio of 50% -80% of an inorganic clay, 5% -15% silica gel, 5% -20% of an organic binder, and mineral mix of the 8% -20% forming composition, and homogenized into the blender; the composition mixed, and then added in accordance with the ratio of 20% to 50% of binder by weight.

[0017] b造粒和包皮:将该步骤a中混合后的混合物放到旋转式机器中制作出球形的颗粒,并用矿物粉和有机黏结材料制作包皮。 [0017] b foreskin and granulated: the mixture after the mixing step into a rotary machine to produce spherical particles, and mineral powders produced by the foreskin and the organic bond materials.

[0018] c.烘干:将加工成型的该猫砂输送到干燥器,使含水量最终达到8_10%。 [0018] c Drying: The molding process The litter is fed to a dryer to a moisture content eventually reach 8_10%.

[0019] 较佳地,该有机基料选自玉米芯、玉米、小麦、苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑和阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物,该矿物质选自珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石、其他低密度矿物质或者它们的混合物。 [0019] Preferably, the organic binder is selected from corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa, peanut shells, walnut shells, pine sawdust of hardwood sawdust or mixtures thereof, is selected from the mineral perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice, other low-density minerals, or mixtures thereof.

[0020] 本发明提供的猫砂消除了现有技术中的以上缺点。 [0020] The present invention provides litter eliminates the above disadvantages of the prior art. 具有以下优点:加入的硅胶成分使得吸附除臭能力大大加强;利用天然材料的吸附性使除臭能力更强,并且散发天然香味;重量轻,比传统的膨润土猫砂轻40%,结团能力强,尤其是没有粉尘,易于处理。 Has the following advantages: the silica component is added such that the adsorption capacity greatly enhance deodorizing; adsorbent materials using natural deodorizing stronger, and distributing natural flavors; lighter weight, lighter than conventional bentonite cat litter 40%, clumping ability strong, especially no dust, easy to handle.

[0021] 在发明内容部分中引入了一系列简化形式的概念,这将在具体实施方式部分中进一步详细说明。 [0021] introduced the concept of a series of simplified form in the Summary section, which will be described in further detail in the Detailed Description. 本发明内容部分并不意味着要试图限定出所要求保护的技术方案的关键特征和必要技术特征,更不意味着试图确定所要求保护的技术方案的保护范围。 This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed technical solutions, nor is it intended to determine the scope of the claimed technical solution.

[0022] 以下详细说明本发明的优点和特征。 [0022] The advantages and features of the following detailed description of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023]无。 [0023] None.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0024] 在下文的描述中,给出了大量具体的细节以便提供对本发明更为彻底的理解。 [0024] In the following description, numerous specific details are given to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. 然而,对于本领域技术人员来说显而易见的是,本发明可以无需一个或多个这些细节而得以实施。 However, the skilled person it will be apparent that the present invention may be practiced without one or more of these details are implemented. 在其他的例子中,为了避免与本发明发生混淆,对于本领域公知的一些技术特征未进行描述。 In other examples, in order to avoid confusion with the present invention, known in the art for some of the technical features are not described.

[0025] 为了彻底了解本发明,将在下列的描述中提出详细的结构。 [0025] For a thorough understanding of the present invention, a configuration will be set forth in the following detailed description. 显然,本发明的施行并不限定于本领域的技术人员所熟习的特殊细节。 Obviously, the purposes of the present invention is not limited to the specific details of skill in the art are familiar with. 本发明的较佳实施例详细描述如下,然而除了这些详细描述外,本发明还可以具有其他实施方式。 As described in detail preferred embodiments of the present invention, however, in addition to the detailed description, the present invention also may have other embodiments.

[0026] 本发明首先提供一种猫砂,该猫砂包括以下组分形成的组合物: [0026] The present invention provides a first litter, the litter composition comprising the following components formed:

[0027] a.无机黏土,其重量百分比为50% _80%,优选为55% -75%。 [0027] a. The inorganic clay, which is 50% by weight _80%, preferably 55% -75%.

[0028] b.硅胶,其重量百分比为5% -15%,优选为5% -10%。 [0028] b. Silica gel, 5% by weight to 15%, preferably 5% -10%.

[0029] c.有机基料,其重量百分比为5% -20%,优选为10% -15%。 [0029] c. The organic binder in a weight percentage of 5% to 20%, preferably 10% -15%. 该有机基料例如可以选自玉米芯、玉米、小麦、苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑、阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物。 The organic binder may be selected from, for example, corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa, peanut shells, walnut shells, pine sawdust, wood chips or mixtures thereof broadleaf trees.

[0030] d.矿物质,其重量百分比为8% -20%,优选为10% -15%。 [0030] d. Minerals, weight percentage of 8% -20%, preferably 10% -15%. 该矿物质例如可以选自珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石或者其他低密度矿物质,或者上述物质的混合物。 The minerals may be selected, for example, perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice or other low-density minerals, or mixtures thereof.

[0031] 其中所述的无机黏土组分,选自凹凸棒土、膨润土、高岭石或它们的混合物中的至少一种。 [0031] wherein the inorganic clay component, at least one selected from attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite, or a mixture thereof. 本发明优选膨润土。 Preferably the present invention is bentonite. 膨润土是一种以蒙脱石为主要矿物的黏土岩,又称蒙脱石黏土。 Bentonite is a montmorillonite clay minerals as the main rock, also known as montmorillonite clay. 膨润土具有电负性、较大的比表面及阳离子交换容量等优良的特性,吸附性能好,吸水后其体积膨胀而增大几倍或者十几倍。 Bentonite having negative electricity, excellent characteristics and large surface area of ​​the cation exchange capacity and the like, good adsorption performance, its volume expansion after absorbing water increases several times or ten times. 需要说明的是各种膨润土均适于制作本发明的猫砂。 It is noted that a variety of bentonite are suitable for production of litter according to the present invention.

[0032] 本发明的猫砂中的硅胶例如可以是指二氧化硅凝胶,其属于非晶态物质,化学分子式为HISiO2 · ηΗ20。 [0032] The litter of the present invention may refer to, for example, silica gel silica gel, which belongs to the amorphous material, chemical formula HISiO2 · ηΗ20. 不溶于水和任何溶剂,无毒无味,化学性质稳定。 Insoluble in water and any solvent, non-toxic, odorless, chemically stable. 各种型号的硅胶因其制造方法不同而形成不同的微孔结构。 Various types of silica because of their different manufacturing method for forming different microporous structure. 微孔结构提供了良好的吸附/吸收气味的效果。 Microporous structure provides a good adsorption / absorption of odor. 硅胶根据其孔径的大小可以分为不同种类,各种类型的硅胶均可用于本发明。 The pore size silica which can be divided into different types, various types of silica may be used in the present invention. 但优选应为粗孔硅胶。 But it should preferably be wide pore silica gel.

[0033] 本发明一个优选实施方案中,在形成上述混合物后,再按照重量比加入20% -50%的黏合剂。 [0033] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, after forming the mixture, and then that the ratio of 20% -50% by weight of binder. 优选为25% -45%。 Preferably 25% to 45%. 所述黏合剂选自水、硅溶胶、泡花碱、糊精或上述物质混合物其中的一种。 The binder one selected from water, silica sol, sodium silicate, dextrin, or mixtures thereof wherein the substance.

[0034] 另外,上述的猫砂中还可以添加氧化钛作为增白剂、除臭剂和杀菌剂。 [0034] Further, the above-described titanium oxide may be added to the litter as a whitening agent, fungicide, and deodorant.

[0035] 本发明还提供上述猫砂的制备方法,该方法包括以下步骤: [0035] The present invention also provides a method for preparing the litter, the method comprising the steps of:

[0036] a.混合搅拌 [0036] a. Mixing

[0037] (1)将重量比为50% -80%的无机黏土,5% -15%的硅胶,例如硅胶粉;5% -20% 的有机基料,例如玉米芯、玉米、小麦、苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑和阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物;以及8% -20%的矿物质(例如珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石、其他低密度矿物质或者它们的混合物)混合后形成组合物,并放入搅拌器进行均化。 [0037] (1) a weight ratio of 50% -80% of an inorganic clay, 5-15% silica, such as silica gel powder; 5% -20% of an organic binder, e.g. corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa , peanut shells, walnut shells, pine sawdust of hardwood chips, or mixtures thereof; and an 8% -20% of minerals (e.g. perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice, other minerals, or mixtures thereof of low density) are formed after mixing composition into the blender and homogenized.

[0038] (2)上述组合物混合均勻后,再按照重量比加入20% -50%的黏合剂。 [0038] After uniform mixing (2) the composition described above, then in accordance with the ratio of 20% -50% by weight of binder.

[0039] b.造粒和包皮 [0039] b. Granulating and foreskin

[0040] 将混合后的颗粒放到圆盘或者其他适合的旋转式机器中制作出球形的颗粒,在颗粒表面添加矿物质粉,例如钠基膨润土、钠基蒙脱石、海泡石、凹凸棒土、沸石。 [0040] The particles were mixed into a disk or other suitable rotary machine to produce spherical particles, the particle surface is added mineral powder, such as sodium bentonite, sodium montmorillonite, sepiolite, irregularities bars, zeolite. 再加入有机黏结材料,矿物粉和有机黏结材料一起被用做包皮。 Adding an organic adhesive materials, mineral powder and organic bond materials together with circumcision.

[0041] [0041]

[0042]成品。 [0042] finished.

[0043] [0043]

[0044] [0044]

C.烘干 C. Drying

将加工成型的颗粒输送到旋转式干燥器,使含水量最终达到8-10%。 The molding process of particle transport to rotary drier to a moisture content eventually reach 8-10%. 以制成猫砂 To make cat litter

下表1显示了最终制作的猫砂的性能和产品规格。 Table 1 shows the final production of cat litter performance and product specifications. 表1性能测试及产品规格 Table 1 Test and Performance Specifications

[0045] [0045]

Figure CN102150627AD00051

[0046] [0046]

Figure CN102150627AD00061

[0047] 本发明提供的猫砂消除了现有技术中的以上缺点。 [0047] The present invention provides litter eliminates the above disadvantages of the prior art. 具有以下优点:加入的硅胶成分使得吸附除臭能力大大加强;利用天然材料的吸附性使除臭能力更强,并且散发天然香味;重量轻,比传统的膨润土猫砂轻40%,结团能力强,尤其是没有粉尘,易于处理。 Has the following advantages: the silica component is added such that the adsorption capacity greatly enhance deodorizing; adsorbent materials using natural deodorizing stronger, and distributing natural flavors; lighter weight, lighter than conventional bentonite cat litter 40%, clumping ability strong, especially no dust, easy to handle.

[0048] 本发明已经通过上述实施例进行了说明,但应当理解的是,上述实施例只是用于举例和说明的目的,而非意在将本发明限制于所描述的实施例范围内。 [0048] The present invention has been described by the above embodiments, it should be understood that the above examples are only for purposes of illustration and description, and are not intended to limit the invention within the scope of the described embodiments. 此外本领域技术人员可以理解的是,本发明并不局限于上述实施例,根据本发明的教导还可以做出更多种的变型和修改,这些变型和修改均落在本发明所要求保护的范围以内。 Moreover, those skilled in the art will be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, in accordance with the teachings of the present invention may be made more of the variations and modifications, all such variations and modifications fall within the invention as claimed within the range. 本发明的保护范围由附属的权利要求书及其等效范围所界定。 The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and their equivalent scope.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种猫砂,其特征在于,所述猫砂包括按照以下重量比的组分形成的组合物: 无机黏土,50% -80%,所述无机黏土选自凹凸棒土、膨润土、高岭石、海泡石或者它们的混合物;硅胶,5% -15% ;有机基料,5% -20%,所述有机基料选自玉米芯、玉米、小麦、苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑、阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物;矿物质,8 % -20 %,所述矿物质选自珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石或者其他低密度矿物质,或者上述物质的混合物。 A cat litter, wherein the litter composition comprising the following by weight composition ratio is formed: inorganic clay, 50% -80%, the inorganic clay selected from attapulgite, bentonite, high kaolinite, sepiolite or mixtures thereof; silica gel, 5% -15%; organic binder, 5% to 20%, the organic binder is selected from corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa, peanut shells, walnut shells , pine sawdust, wood chips or mixtures thereof broadleaf; minerals, 8% -20%, the mineral is selected from perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice or other low-density minerals, or mixtures thereof.
  2. 2.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述无机黏土的含量为55% -75%。 2. The litter according to claim 1, wherein the content of the inorganic clay is 55% -75%.
  3. 3.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述硅胶的含量为5% -10%。 3. The litter according to claim 1, wherein the silica content of 5% -10%.
  4. 4.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述有机基料的含量为5% -15%。 4. The litter according to claim 1, wherein the content of the organic binder is 5% -15%.
  5. 5.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述矿物质的含量为10% -15%。 5. The litter according to claim 1, wherein the content of the mineral is 10% -15%.
  6. 6.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述猫砂还包括以所述组合物总重量计20% -50%的黏合剂。 6. The litter according to claim 1, wherein said litter further comprises based on the total weight of the composition from 20% to 50% binder.
  7. 7.按照权利要求6所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述黏合剂选自水、硅溶胶、泡花碱、糊精或它们的混合物。 7. The litter according to claim 6, wherein is selected from water, silica sol, sodium silicate, dextrin, or mixtures thereof to the binder.
  8. 8.按照权利要求1所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述猫砂中还包括氧化钛。 8. The litter according to claim 1, wherein said litter further comprises titanium oxide.
  9. 9. 一种猫砂的制作方法,所述方法包括以下步骤:a.混合搅拌:将重量比为50% -80%的无机黏土,5% -15%的硅胶,5% -20%的有机基料,以及8% -20%的矿物质混合后形成组合物,并放入搅拌器中进行均化;组合物混合均勻后,再按照重量比加入20% -50%的黏合剂。 9. A manufacturing method of litter, said method comprising the steps of:. A mixing: a weight ratio of 50% -80% of an inorganic clay, 5% -15% silica gel, 5% -20% of an organic binder, and 8% -20% mineral mix forming the composition into the blender and homogenized; uniformly mixed composition further added in accordance with the ratio of 20% to 50% of binder by weight. b.造粒和包皮:将所述步骤a中混合后的混合物放到旋转式机器中制作出球形的颗粒,并用矿物粉和有机黏结材料制作包皮。 . Foreskin granulation and B: The mixture after the mixing step in a rotary machine into a prepared spherical particles, and produced with a mineral powder and an organic foreskin adhesive material. c.烘干:将加工成型的所述猫砂输送到干燥器,使含水量最终达到8-10%。 c Drying: The litter tooled conveyed to the dryer, the final water content reaches 8-10%.
  10. 10.按照权利要求9所述的猫砂,其特征在于,所述有机基料选自玉米芯、玉米、小麦、 苜蓿、花生壳、核桃壳、松木屑和阔叶树木屑或者它们的混合物,所述矿物质选自珍珠岩、硅藻土、浮石、其他低密度矿物质或者它们的混合物。 10. The litter according to claim 9, wherein said organic binder is selected from corn cobs, corn, wheat, alfalfa, peanut shells, walnut shells, pine sawdust of hardwood sawdust or mixtures thereof, said minerals selected from perlite, diatomaceous earth, pumice, other low-density minerals, or mixtures thereof.
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