CN102150627A - Cat litter and making method thereof - Google Patents

Cat litter and making method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102150627A
CN102150627A CN 201110027142 CN201110027142A CN102150627A CN 102150627 A CN102150627 A CN 102150627A CN 201110027142 CN201110027142 CN 201110027142 CN 201110027142 A CN201110027142 A CN 201110027142A CN 102150627 A CN102150627 A CN 102150627A
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China
Prior art keywords
cat litter
mixture
mineral matter
silica gel
organic base
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Pending
Application number
CN 201110027142
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘清
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QINGDAO FRANK FINE CHEMICAL CO Ltd
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QINGDAO FRANK FINE CHEMICAL CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201110027142 priority Critical patent/CN102150627A/en
Publication of CN102150627A publication Critical patent/CN102150627A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses cat litter comprising a composition prepared from the following components in percent by weight: 50-80% of inorganic clay, 5-15% of silica gel, 5-20% of organic substrate and 8-20% of mineral matter, wherein the inorganic clay is selected from one or a mixture of attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite and sepiolite; the organic substrate is selected from one or a mixture of corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut hull, walnut shell, pine wood shavings and broadleaved tree wood shavings; and the mineral matter is selected from one or a mixture of perlite, diatomite, pumice and other low-density mineral matters. The cat litter disclosed by the invention has the following advantages of largely strengthened adsorption deodorization capacity due to the addition of the silica gel component, stronger deodorization capacity by utilizing the adsorbability of natural materials, natural fragrance, small weight and strong caking capability, in particular no dust and easiness for treatment; and the cat litter disclosed by the invention is 40% lighter than the traditional bentonite cat litter.

Description

A kind of cat litter and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pet supplies, relate in particular to a kind of cat litter and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Before the cat litter product occurs, pet (is example with the cat) have to out of doors or wood chip or sand on handle excreta, caused very big environmental pollution like this.The bedding and padding of a kind of cat litter product as pet have appearred in growing along with pet cat in the family, and it can be used for absorbing pet urine, soil waste and control smell.
Early stage cat litter mainly is the clay cat litter based on not conglomeration.But because therefore this not conglomeration of class cat litter is not easy to the excreta that people handle cat.Along with the cat litter continuous advancement in technology, the conglomeration clay sand has appearred, and sodium bentonite comes into vogue.Because they can wrap up cat urine rapidly, make cat urine can form a group, be convenient to cleaning, and can reduce the generation of stench rubbish.But the cat litter dust of this class is big, and deodorizing capability is poor.Can only help deodorizing by adding aromatic or other deodorant.And its density is relatively big, and the freight charges costliness is not easy to when the consumer buys carry.
Biodegradable cat litter has appearred again in existing market, mainly is made up of cellulose, wheat, rice, bamboo, pine tree or other organic substances of light density, and its soaking effect is better, peculiar smell is few, coefficient of losses is low, and is easy to use, becomes to abandon or pour toilet behind the powdery and get final product.The go mouldy smell that produces and cat urine and excreta mixing can produce bigger stink but this cat litter nourishes bacterium, particularly bacterium easily.The removal of this stink, it is very big problem that the removal of the ammonia that particularly produces flavor is compared with the clay cat litter.This cat litter is compared not only not conglomeration with the sodium bentonite cat litter, also produces more piece or particle.More difficultly like this be applicable to pet cat.
What the silica gel cat litter mainly used is the ambiguity silicon of C type bulk, and this cat litter has the better deodorizing of bigger hole.This cat litter great advantage be high adsorption capacity and deodorizing capability.But, costing an arm and a leg, usage amount is bigger, and easily produces the silica gel dust, and people and cat are had certain harmfulness.Usually they can be accepted by cat, but the generally not conglomeration of this cat litter.
Therefore, need provide a kind of cat litter and preparation method thereof to address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
In order to address this problem, the invention discloses a kind of cat litter, this cat litter comprises the composition that forms according to following components in part by weight: inorganic clay, and 50%-80%, this inorganic clay is selected from attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite, sepiolite or their mixture; Silica gel, 5%-15%; Organic base-material, 5%-20%, this organic base-material is selected from corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust, hardwood sawdust or their mixture; Mineral matter, 8%-20%, this mineral matter are selected from perlite, diatomite, float stone or other low-density mineral matters, the perhaps mixture of above-mentioned substance.
Preferably, the content of this inorganic clay is 55%-75%.
Preferably, the content of this silica gel is 5%-10%.
Preferably, the content of this organic base-material is 5%-15%.
Preferably, the content of this mineral matter is 10%-15%.
Preferably, this cat litter also comprises the binder in said composition gross weight 20%-50%.
Preferably, this binder is selected from water, Ludox, bubble flower alkali, dextrin or their mixture.
Preferably, also comprise titanium oxide in this cat litter.
The invention also discloses a kind of preparation method of cat litter, this method may further comprise the steps:
A. mix and stir: with weight ratio is the inorganic clay of 50%-80%, the silica gel of 5%-15%, and organic base-material of 5%-20%, and the mineral matter of 8%-20% mixing back formation composition, and put into agitator and carry out homogenizing; After composition mixes, add the binder of 20%-50% again according to weight ratio.
B granulation and foreskin: mixed mixture among this step a is put into the particle of producing sphere in the rotary, and makes foreskin with mineral powder and organic binding material.
C. oven dry: this cat litter of machine-shaping is transported to drier, makes water content finally reach 8-10%.
Preferably, this organic base-material is selected from corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust and hardwood sawdust or their mixture, and this mineral matter is selected from perlite, diatomite, float stone, other low-density mineral matters or their mixture.
Cat litter provided by the invention has been eliminated above shortcoming of the prior art.Have the following advantages: the silica gel composition of adding makes the absorbing and deodorizing ability strengthen greatly; Utilize the adsorptivity of natural material to make deodorizing capability stronger, and distribute natural flavor; In light weight, lighter by 40% than traditional bentonite cat litter, the conglomeration ability is strong, does not especially have dust, is easy to handle.
Introduced the notion of a series of reduced forms in the summary of the invention part, this will further describe in the embodiment part.Content part of the present invention does not also mean that key feature and the essential features that will attempt to limit technical scheme required for protection, does not more mean that the protection domain of attempting to determine technical scheme required for protection.
Below describe advantages and features of the invention in detail.
Description of drawings
Do not have.
Embodiment
In the following description, a large amount of concrete details have been provided so that more thorough understanding of the invention is provided.Yet, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the present invention can need not one or more these details and implemented.In other example,, be not described for technical characterictics more well known in the art for fear of obscuring with the present invention.
In order thoroughly to understand the present invention, detailed structure will be proposed in following description.Obviously, execution of the present invention is not limited to the specific details that those skilled in the art has the knack of.Preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail as follows, yet except these were described in detail, the present invention can also have other embodiments.
The present invention at first provides a kind of cat litter, and this cat litter comprises the composition that following component forms:
A. inorganic clay, its percentage by weight is 50%-80%, is preferably 55%-75%.
B. silica gel, its percentage by weight is 5%-15%, is preferably 5%-10%.
C. organic base-material, its percentage by weight is 5%-20%, is preferably 10%-15%.This organic base-material for example can be selected from corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust, hardwood sawdust or their mixture.
D. mineral matter, its percentage by weight is 8%-20%, is preferably 10%-15%.This mineral matter for example can be selected from perlite, diatomite, float stone or other low-density mineral matters, the perhaps mixture of above-mentioned substance.
Wherein said inorganic clay component is selected from least a in attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite or their mixture.The preferred bentonite of the present invention.Bentonite be a kind of be the claystone of essential mineral with the montmorillonite, claim the montmorillonite clay again.Bentonite has excellent characteristic such as electronegativity, bigger specific surface and cation exchange capacity, and absorption property is good, suction its volumetric expansion of back and increase several times or tens times.Need to prove that various bentonites all are suitable for making cat litter of the present invention.
Silica gel in the cat litter of the present invention for example can be meant silica dioxide gel, and it belongs to amorphous substance, and chemical molecular formula is mSiO 2NH 2O.Water insoluble and any solvent, nonpoisonous and tasteless, chemical property is stable.The silica gel of various models forms different microcellular structures because of its manufacture method is different.Microcellular structure provides the effect of good adsorption/absorption smell.Silica gel can be divided into variety classes according to the size in its aperture, and various types of silica gel all can be used for the present invention.But preferably should be silochrom.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, after forming said mixture, add the binder of 20%-50% again according to weight ratio.Be preferably 25%-45%.Described binder is selected from wherein a kind of of water, Ludox, bubble flower alkali, dextrin or above-mentioned substance mixture.
In addition, can also add titanium oxide as brightening agent, deodorant and bactericide in the above-mentioned cat litter.
The present invention also provides the preparation method of above-mentioned cat litter, and this method may further comprise the steps:
A. mix and stir
(1) with weight ratio is the inorganic clay of 50%-80%, the silica gel of 5%-15%, for example silica white; Organic base-material of 5%-20%, for example corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust and hardwood sawdust or their mixture; And the mineral matter of 8%-20% (for example perlite, diatomite, float stone, other low-density mineral matters or their mixture) mixing back formation composition, and put into agitator and carry out homogenizing.
(2) after above-mentioned composition mixes, add the binder of 20%-50% again according to weight ratio.
B. granulation and foreskin
Mixed particle is put into the particle of producing sphere in disk or other rotaries that is fit to, adds mineral matter powder, for example sodium bentonite, na-montmorillonite, sepiolite, attapulgite, zeolite at particle surface.Add organic binding material again, mineral powder and organic binding material are used as foreskin together.
C. oven dry
The particle transport of machine-shaping is arrived rotary drier, make water content finally reach 8-10%.To make the cat litter finished product.
Following table 1 has shown the performance and the product specification of the cat litter of final making.
Table 1 performance test and product specification
Cat litter provided by the invention has been eliminated above shortcoming of the prior art.Have the following advantages: the silica gel composition of adding makes the absorbing and deodorizing ability strengthen greatly; Utilize the adsorptivity of natural material to make deodorizing capability stronger, and distribute natural flavor; In light weight, lighter by 40% than traditional bentonite cat litter, the conglomeration ability is strong, does not especially have dust, is easy to handle.
The present invention is illustrated by the foregoing description, but should be understood that, the foregoing description just is used for for example and illustrative purposes, but not is intended to the present invention is limited in the described scope of embodiments.It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that in addition the present invention is not limited to the foregoing description, can also make more kinds of variants and modifications according to instruction of the present invention, these variants and modifications all drop in the present invention's scope required for protection.Protection scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalent scope thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a cat litter is characterized in that, described cat litter comprises the composition that forms according to following components in part by weight:
Inorganic clay, 50%-80%, described inorganic clay is selected from attapulgite, bentonite, kaolinite, sepiolite or their mixture;
Silica gel, 5%-15%;
Organic base-material, 5%-20%, described organic base-material is selected from corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust, hardwood sawdust or their mixture;
Mineral matter, 8%-20%, described mineral matter are selected from perlite, diatomite, float stone or other low-density mineral matters, the perhaps mixture of above-mentioned substance.
2. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that the content of described inorganic clay is 55%-75%.
3. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that the content of described silica gel is 5%-10%.
4. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that the content of described organic base-material is 5%-15%.
5. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that the content of described mineral matter is 10%-15%.
6. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described cat litter also comprises the binder in described composition total weight 20%-50%.
7. according to the described cat litter of claim 6, it is characterized in that described binder is selected from water, Ludox, bubble flower alkali, dextrin or their mixture.
8. according to the described cat litter of claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise titanium oxide in the described cat litter.
9. the preparation method of a cat litter said method comprising the steps of:
A. mix and stir: with weight ratio is the inorganic clay of 50%-80%, the silica gel of 5%-15%, and organic base-material of 5%-20%, and the mineral matter of 8%-20% mixing back formation composition, and put into agitator and carry out homogenizing; After composition mixes, add the binder of 20%-50% again according to weight ratio.
B. granulation and foreskin: mixed mixture among the described step a is put into produces spherical particle in the rotary, and with mineral powder and organic binding material making foreskin.
C. oven dry: the described cat litter of machine-shaping is transported to drier, makes water content finally reach 8-10%.
10. according to the described cat litter of claim 9, it is characterized in that, described organic base-material is selected from corncob, corn, wheat, clover, peanut shell, walnut shell, pine sawdust and hardwood sawdust or their mixture, and described mineral matter is selected from perlite, diatomite, float stone, other low-density mineral matters or their mixture.
CN 201110027142 2011-01-26 2011-01-26 Cat litter and making method thereof Pending CN102150627A (en)

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CN102742511A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-10-24 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Ultralow-density natural compound clumping cat litter and production process thereof
CN103348922A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Paper sepiolite sustained-release antibacterial cat litters
CN103444554A (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-18 项进军 Manufacturing technique of bentonite cat litter
CN103960138A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-06 李良柱 Cat toilet stool using cat litter not needing frequent change and having long service life and cat litter preparation method
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CN104168763B (en) * 2012-01-16 2018-04-03 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Composition as animal litter
CN104168763A (en) * 2012-01-16 2014-11-26 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Compositions useful as animal litters
CN103444554A (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-18 项进军 Manufacturing technique of bentonite cat litter
CN102742511A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-10-24 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Ultralow-density natural compound clumping cat litter and production process thereof
CN103348922A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Paper sepiolite sustained-release antibacterial cat litters
EP2845471A1 (en) 2013-09-05 2015-03-11 Tomasz Gawron Animal litter composition, especially suitable for cats
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CN103960138A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-06 李良柱 Cat toilet stool using cat litter not needing frequent change and having long service life and cat litter preparation method
CN103960138B (en) * 2014-05-28 2017-01-25 李良柱 Cat toilet stool using cat litter not needing frequent change and having long service life and cat litter preparation method
CN104472371A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Porous cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104472371B (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-09-14 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 A kind of porous type cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104429987A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Fine pored silicon gel cat litter and preparing method thereof
CN104365491A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-25 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Organic environment-friendly cat litter and preparation method thereof
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