CN105594603A - Bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105594603A
CN105594603A CN201610034081.6A CN201610034081A CN105594603A CN 105594603 A CN105594603 A CN 105594603A CN 201610034081 A CN201610034081 A CN 201610034081A CN 105594603 A CN105594603 A CN 105594603A
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China
Prior art keywords
bamboo
parts
wood chip
pet
wood
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Pending
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CN201610034081.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宏
章卫钢
赵锋
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Priority to CN201610034081.6A priority Critical patent/CN105594603A/en
Publication of CN105594603A publication Critical patent/CN105594603A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0154Litter comprising inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0155Litter comprising organic material

Abstract

The invention relates to a bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material. The bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material is prepared from, by weight, 80-90 parts of bamboo sawdust or wood sawdust, 10-20 parts of an adhesive, 3-5 parts of bamboo vinegar or wood vinegar and 50-100 parts of water, the formed particle padding material is light yellow or yellow or brown yellow, and the particle size is 1-8 mm. Aromatic wood sawdust of pine wood, Chinese fir wood and camphorwood is adopted as the wood sawdust. The particle size of the bamboo sawdust or wood sawdust is 60-80 mesh. At least one of sodium alginate, guar gum, food-grade polypropylene, starch, a lignin adhesive and a protein adhesive is adopted as the adhesive, and the adhesive is solid and needs to be ground into 100-120-mesh powder. The bamboo vinegar or wood vinegar is a scorched flavor removing type. According to the bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material, the adopted bamboo sawdust or wood sawdust are both waste obtained after natural wood processing, the adhesive is in a food grade, the padding material can serve as organic fertilizer to be completely and naturally biodegraded after being used, and therefore the padding material can be directly flushed into a sewer without blocking the sewer; the padding material is green and environmentally friendly.

Description

A kind of bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to pet collar technical field, be specifically related to a kind of taking bamboo wood chip as major ingredient for clearing up the excretions such as pet catBedding and padding of thing and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Bedding and padding are as a kind of pet bedding and padding, and demand constantly increases along with the raising of people's living standard. Conventional in the marketBedding and padding mainly contain silica type, bentonite, clay class, paper scrap class, bamboo wood chip class, plant etc. Silica type has brute force and removesSmelly, the advantages such as quick moisture absorption, but dust harzard pet health, cannot natural degradation after use. That bentonite bonded sand has is with low cost,Inhale aquiferous advantage, but its deodorizing capability is not ideal enough, color is single, lack pleasant fragrance, need to add other functionsProperty macromolecular material is improved. Secondly, be discarded in rubbish point with a large amount of clay bedding and padding of mistake, owing to can not find suitable processingWay, has caused harmful effect to surrounding environment. And wooden bedding and padding have almost retained bentonite bedding and padding feature, and effectively overcomeThe deficiency of bentonite, silica gel bedding and padding environmental protection aspect, discarded wooden bedding and padding can natural degradation, can make fertilizer, the fertilizers for potted flowers of soil,Not only solve problem of environmental pollution, and realized twice laid. At present, existing wood substance grain bedding and padding forming technique substantially fromBiomass fuel pellet transforms and comes, and finished product density is larger, and slowly, resource energy consumption is high in water suction, and forming process is easily stopped up nib.
Chinese patent CN1279808C discloses a kind of " cat sand for pet and preparation method thereof ", by organic matter base-material (20~60%),Clay (30~80%), bonding agent (0~10%), water absorbing agent (0~20%), adsorption thing (0~5%) are raw material, first pressRatio gets organic matter base-material and clay is processed into cat litter matrix, more remaining material is mixed into surface coverage blended stock, through heightCat litter matrix surface is covered in speed whirling vibration machined, dries and makes cat litter by sieving. The method is prepared cat litter and bentoniteThe advantages such as cat litter is compared, and quality is light, good water absorption, with low cost, but surface covering and the equal argillaceous of cat litter matrix, andIncrease other adsorbates and improve cat litter deodorizing effect, the long-term dust producing that uses has certain harm, discarded object to petAlso can not directly pour sewer, not yet reach environment protection requirement.
Chinese patent CN1364407 discloses a kind of " cat sand for pet ", and it comprises water absorbing agent, binding agent and organic matter matrix,Described water absorbing agent and binding agent are attached on organic matter matrix. It is swollen with water absorbing agent and binding agent replacement taking organic matter as matrixMoisten native natural characteristic, but in product, adopt a large amount of expensive absorbent materials, increased the cost of product. Secondly, cat litterDensity only has 0.3gcm~3, and adopts industrial chemicals as water absorbing agent and binding agent, although its water imbibition and conglomeration performance areGood, but in transport and use procedure than being easier to efflorescence, affect equally pet health.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding and preparation method thereof, to can overcomeAbove-mentioned deficiency.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme.
A kind of bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding, are made up of the component of following parts by weight: 80~90 parts of bamboo bits or wood chip, 10~20Part adhesive, 3~5 parts of bamboo vinegars or pyrolkigneous liquid, 50~100 parts of water, the particle bedding and padding of moulding are yellowish or yellow or brown color,Particle diameter 1~8mm.
Further, wood chip is the wood chip of pine, China fir, lignum cinnamomi camphorae band armaticity.
Further, the particle diameter of bamboo bits or wood chip is 60~80 orders.
Further, adhesive is sodium alginate, guar gum, food grade polypropylene, starch, lignin adhesive or proteinIn adhesive at least one, adhesive is solid-stately need to be ground into 100~120 powder materials.
Further, bamboo vinegar or pyrolkigneous liquid are the taste type that defocuses.
Further, the preparation method of above-mentioned bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) get the raw materials ready: collect, buy or self-control parts by weight be 80~90 parts of bamboo bits or wood chip, 10~20 parts of adhesives, 3~5 parts of bamboo vinegars or pyrolkigneous liquid and 50~100 parts of technical grade water;
(2) high-temperature steam sterilization and softening: bamboo bits or wood chip are placed in to pressure vessel and pass into steam, at 100~160 DEG C of barsUnder part, process 1~5h;
(3) mix and stirring: 80~90 parts of bamboo bits or wood chip, 10~20 parts of adhesives are mixed, with 400~660r/minRotating speed stirs after 10~15min, is mixed into the aqueous solution with 3~5 parts without smell of burning bamboo vinegar or pyrolkigneous liquid and water, adjustment bamboo vinegar orMoisture content to 20%~35% in pyrolkigneous liquid and adhesive compound;
(4) cooling and bar processed: will be placed in set frame through the prepared compound of step (3) and extrude out thin cylindrical bar, chargingSpeed 20~25kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 3~6, billot diameter 1~8mm;
(5) billot is dry: being dried to moisture content is 8%~12%;
(6) fragmentation and sub-sieve: billot is placed in to oppositely rolling roller crusher, after roller crushing, directly falls into sorting vibratory sieve through screening,Particle < 0.5mm removes, rest materials inspection, packaging.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: bamboo bits or wood chip that the present invention adopts are the residue after natural timber processing, adhesiveFor edible rank, bedding and padding can do fertilizer after using, and all by biological Natural Degradation, therefore can directly pour sewer also unlikelyIn obstruction, it is a kind of Green Product. The bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding energy conglomeration of producing by this preparation method, removing sideJust, thoroughly,, through high-temperature steam processing, bamboo wood chip reduces the glucide himself very easily going mouldy on the one hand, on the other handPlay the effect of killing mould, rot fungi, prevent the wood chip generation peculiar smell that goes mouldy for a long time in environment for use, in stirring, addHave bactericidal action without smell of burning bamboo pyrolkigneous liquid, armaticity bamboo wood chip self de-taste characteristic, play bacteria growing inhibiting and keep environmentWith fresh air, be conducive to protect human body and pet health.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment 1
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 90 parts of bamboo bits are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 20 parts of sodium alginates, stir 12min with 500r/min rotating speed,Mix with water with 5 parts of bamboo vinegars again, adjust the moisture content to 30% of bamboo bits and the compound of sodium alginate, be coolingly placed on bar processedMechanism goes out thin cylindrical bar charging rate 22kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 3, and billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dryTo moisture content 10%, billot is placed in to roll-type and cuts a machine, be cut into particle diameter and be the particle of 5mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, particle diameter < 0.5mmGrain remove, all the other inspection, packaging.
Embodiment 2
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 80 parts of bamboo bits are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 10 parts of guar gums, stir 10min with 400r/min rotating speed, thenMix with water with 3 parts of bamboo vinegars, adjust the moisture content to 30% of bamboo bits and the compound of guar gum, the cooling set frame system that is placed onGo out thin cylindrical bar charging rate 23kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 5, billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dried to and is containedWater rate 8%, is placed in roll-type by billot and cuts a machine, is cut into particle diameter and is the particle of 3mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, and the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mm removesGo, all the other inspections, packaging.
Embodiment 3
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 85 parts of bamboo bits are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 15 parts of polypropylene, stir 15min with 660r/min rotating speed, thenMix with water with 4 parts of bamboo vinegars, adjust the moisture content to 30% of bamboo bits and polyacrylic compound, the cooling set frame system that is placed onGo out thin cylindrical bar charging rate 20kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 6, billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dried to and is containedWater rate 12%, is placed in roll-type by billot and cuts a machine, is cut into particle diameter and is the particle of 8mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mmRemove, all the other inspections, packaging.
Embodiment 4
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 90 parts of wood chips are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 20 parts of starch, stir 13min with 450r/min rotating speed, then use 5Part pyrolkigneous liquid mixes with water, adjusts the moisture content to 30% of the compound of wood chip and starch, and the cooling set frame that is placed on is made thin circleColumn charging rate 25kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 2, billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dried to moisture content 10%,Billot is placed in to roll-type and cuts a machine, be cut into particle diameter and be the particle of 2mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mm is removed, all the otherInspection, packaging.
Embodiment 5
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 80 parts of wood chips are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 10 parts of lignin, stir 14min with 550r/min rotating speed, thenMix with water with 3 parts of pyrolkigneous liquid, adjust the moisture content to 30% of the compound of wood chip and lignin, the cooling set frame system that is placed onGo out thin cylindrical bar charging rate 20kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 6, billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dried to and is containedWater rate 10%, is placed in roll-type by billot and cuts a machine, is cut into particle diameter and is the particle of 1mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mmRemove, all the other inspections, packaging.
Embodiment 6
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 85 parts of wood chips are placed in to pressure vessel logicalEnter steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 15 parts of protein, stir 15min with 520r/min rotating speed, thenMix with water with 4 parts of pyrolkigneous liquid, adjust the moisture content to 30% of the compound of wood chip and protein, the cooling set frame system that is placed onGo out thin cylindrical bar charging rate 24kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 4, billot diameter 7mm, then the billot of making is dried to and is containedWater rate 11%, is placed in roll-type by billot and cuts a machine, is cut into particle diameter and is the particle of 4mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mmRemove, all the other inspections, packaging.
Embodiment 7
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 45 parts of wood chips, 40 parts of bamboo bits are placed inIn pressure vessel, pass into steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then with 5 parts of sodium alginates, 5 parts of polypropylene, 10 parts of starchMix, stir 12min with 620r/min rotating speed, then mix with water with 2 parts of bamboo vinegars, 3 parts of pyrolkigneous liquid, adjustment wood chip, bambooThe moisture content to 30% of the compound of bits and sodium alginate, polypropylene, starch, the cooling set frame that is placed on is made thin cylindrical barCharging rate 21kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 4, billot diameter 8mm, then the billot of making is dried to moisture content 9%, by barMaterial is placed in roll-type and cuts a machine, is cut into particle diameter and is the particle of 7mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, and the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mm is removed, all the other inspections,Packaging.
Embodiment 8
Bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding in the present embodiment, concrete preparation method is as follows: 40 parts of wood chips, 50 parts of bamboo bits are placed inIn pressure vessel, pass into steam, at 130 DEG C of temperature, process 3h, then mix with 5 parts of protein, 5 parts of polypropylene, 10 parts of starchClose, stir 12min with 500r/min rotating speed, then mix with water with 2 parts of bamboo vinegars, 3 parts of pyrolkigneous liquid, adjustment wood chip, bamboo are considered to be worth doingWith the moisture content to 30% of the compound of protein, polypropylene, starch, the cooling set frame that is placed on is made thin cylindrical bar chargingSpeed 24kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 4, billot diameter 5mm, then the billot of making is dried to moisture content 8%, billot is putCut a machine in roll-type, be cut into particle diameter and be the particle of 4mm through vibratory sieve sub-sieve, the grain of particle diameter < 0.5mm is removed, all the other inspections, bagDress.
The various embodiments described above, each component materials proportioning is as shown in the table:
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art,Under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications are also considered as the present inventionProtection domain.

Claims (6)

1. bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding, is characterized in that: the component by following parts by weight forms: 80~90 portions of bamboos bits orWood chip, 10~20 parts of adhesives, 3~5 parts of bamboo vinegars or pyrolkigneous liquid, 50~100 parts of water, the particle bedding and padding of moulding be yellowish orHuang or brown color, particle diameter 1~8mm.
2. bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wood chip is pine, China fir, fragrant camphor treeThe wood chip of wood with armaticity.
3. bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the particle diameter of described bamboo bits or wood chip is 60~80 orders.
4. bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described adhesive is sodium alginate, Gua ErIn glue, food grade polypropylene, starch, lignin adhesive or the agent of protein gluing at least one, adhesive is the solid-state powder that needsBe broken into 100~120 powder materials.
5. bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bamboo vinegar or pyrolkigneous liquid are the taste that defocusesType.
6. according to the bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and padding described in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described bamboo wood chip pet conglomeration bedding and paddingPreparation method, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) get the raw materials ready: collect, buy or self-control parts by weight be 80~90 parts of bamboo bits or wood chip, 10~20 parts of adhesives, 3~5 partsBamboo vinegar or pyrolkigneous liquid and 50~100 parts of technical grade water;
(2) high-temperature steam sterilization and softening: bamboo bits or wood chip are placed in to pressure vessel and pass into steam, under 100~160 DEG C of conditionsProcess 1~5h;
(3) mix and stirring: 80~90 parts of bamboo bits or wood chip, 10~20 parts of adhesives are mixed, with 400~660r/min rotating speedStir after 10~15min, be mixed into the aqueous solution, adjustment bamboo vinegar or wooden vinegar with 3~5 parts without smell of burning bamboo vinegar or pyrolkigneous liquid and waterMoisture content to 20%~35% in liquid and adhesive compound;
(4) cooling and bar processed: will be placed in set frame through the prepared compound of step (3) and extrude out thin cylindrical bar, charging rate20~25kg/min, ring mould compression ratio 3~6, billot diameter 1~8mm;
(5) billot is dry: being dried to moisture content is 8%~12%;
(6) fragmentation and sub-sieve: billot is placed in to oppositely rolling roller crusher, directly falls into sorting vibratory sieve after roller crushing through screening, particle< 0.5mm removes, rest materials inspection, packaging.
CN201610034081.6A 2016-01-12 2016-01-12 Bamboo-wood sawdust pet clustering padding material and preparation method thereof Pending CN105594603A (en)

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Application publication date: 20160525