CN1328223C - Manufacturing method of redyohen tenmoku ceramic and ceramic glaze used therefor - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of redyohen tenmoku ceramic and ceramic glaze used therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1328223C
CN1328223C CNB2005100349032A CN200510034903A CN1328223C CN 1328223 C CN1328223 C CN 1328223C CN B2005100349032 A CNB2005100349032 A CN B2005100349032A CN 200510034903 A CN200510034903 A CN 200510034903A CN 1328223 C CN1328223 C CN 1328223C
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ceramic
glaze
ceramic glaze
per hour
red
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CN1724477A (en
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林礼腾
史艳华
张惠峰
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GUANGDONG QUANFU CERAMICS INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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GUANGDONG QUANFU CERAMICS INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a ceramic glaze which can form a red flaring tianmu effect, and a method for firing red flaring tianmu ceramics by using the ceramic glaze. The ceramic glaze mainly contains K2O and/or Na2O, Al2O3, SiO2, MgO, Fe2O3, P2O5, CaO and B2O3. When the ceramic glaze is applied on ceramic green bodies or biscuits, glaze is fired, the temperature rises from 120 to 180 DEG C per hour in oxidative atmosphere and rises from 30 to 70 DEG C per hour after 1050 to 1150 DEG C; temperature is kept for 10 to 120 minutes at 1200 to 1300 DEG C, fire is stopped for natural cooling, and ceramic products with a red flaring tianmu effect can be obtained. A ceramic product manufactured by the present invention has a dark brown underglaze and red or yellow crystal spots, and the periphery has golden color having a mirror surface effect and has metalescent halation; light-emitting positions move along with the change of observation angles, and are flaring and bright; the firing process operation can be easily controlled, and the rate of fired finished products can reach 70%.

Description

Red credit change of weather order process for preparing ceramic and employed ceramic glaze thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the raw material of a kind of process for preparing ceramic and use thereof, specifically is process for preparing ceramic and the employed ceramic glaze thereof that produces artistic decorative effect on glaze.
Background technology
Credit on Ceramic glaze change of weather order is a kind of at the bottom of black or the dark brown color glaze, is distributed with countless crystallization spots, and halation is arranged around the spot, tangible refractive power can occur with the difference of viewing angle, and luminous position moves with the variation of viewing angle.It is that oxide compound with iron is the main body developer that credit change of weather purpose forms, and uses one or more crystallised components, separates out crystallization in glaze vitrifying process from liquid phase.Become in the process of solid phase in liquid phase, factors such as liquid phase chemical composition, temperature control system are very big to crystal formation influence, and it is many that good product is difficult for, and it is very low to be fired into power, and several successful product appear in general every several ten thousand ability.China disclosure of the Invention specification sheets CN87102805A also discloses a kind of manufacture method of temmoku glaze, but what make is avy blue or black splotch, and it is also very low to be fired into power.
Summary of the invention:
Thereby the invention provides a kind of ceramic glaze that can separate out the red credit change of weather of red crystallization formation order effect, and use the method that this ceramic glaze is fired the red change of weather order pottery of shining.
For achieving the above object, ceramic glaze of the present invention contains following component and weight percent: K 2O and/or Na 2O 2~8%, Al 2O 32~11%, SiO 243~58%, MgO 2~10%, Fe 2O 39~18%, P 2O 57~25%, CaO 0~5%, B 2O 30~0.8%, and easy oxidation under the impurity of common content and the temperature of glaze firing, decomposition or volatile component.
The preferred weight percent of said components is: K 2O and/or Na 2O 4.1~7.2%, Al 2O 35.4~10%, SiO 243.6~57.3%, MgO 2.5~8.3%, Fe 2O 39.3~17.4%, P 2O 511~24.6%, CaO 0.1~0.6%, B 2O 30.1~0.8%.
The preferred weight percent of said components is: K 2O and/or Na 2O 4.1~7.2%, Al 2O 35.4~10%, SiO 243.6~57.3%, MgO 5~8.3%, Fe 2O 39.3~17.4%, P 2O 511~18%, CaO 0.1~0.6%, B 2O 30.1~0.7%.
Among the present invention, can adopt ore or compound is raw material, its composition and weight percent are: potassium felspar sand and/or albite 24.3~43.2%, quartz 14.6~29.5%, talcum 5.5~19.2%, magnesium oxide 0.5~2.7%, ferric oxide 9~17.4%, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 7~25%, calcium metaborate 0~2%, clay 0.8~5%, iron content cinder 0~5%.
The preferred weight percent of above-mentioned ore or compound is: potassium felspar sand or albite 24.3~43.2%, quartzy 14.6~29.5%, talcum 5.5~19.2%, magnesium oxide 0.5~2.7%, ferric oxide 9.2~17%, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 10.9~18%, calcium metaborate 0.1~1.4%, clay 1~4%, iron content cinder 1~4%.
Use above-mentioned ceramic glaze produces credit change of weather order effect on Ceramic glaze method, comprise following steps:
A. with described ore or compound,, pulverize, add water for ball milling, make the solid particulate fineness for passing through 200 mesh sieves by described percentage mix;
B. above-mentioned ceramic glaze is imposed on ceramic green or the biscuit after calcining, the formation dry thickness is 0.5~2.5 millimeter a glaze layer;
C. after the glaze layer drying, send into glaze firing in the kiln, under oxidizing atmosphere, initially per hour heat up 120~180 ℃, after temperature arrives 1050~1150 ℃, per hour heat up 30~70 ℃, terminal temperature is 1200~1300 ℃, and temperature is incubated 10~120 minutes after being elevated to terminal temperature, ends fire, naturally cooling obtains having red credit change of weather order ceramic.
Among the above-mentioned steps B, the glaze layer thickness is preferably 1.5~2 millimeters.
Among the above-mentioned steps C, preferred technical parameter is: initially per hour heat up 130~160 ℃, temperature per hour heats up 40~60 ℃, 1230~1270 ℃ of terminal temperatures, soaking time 30~70 minutes after arriving 1050~1150 ℃.
The ceramic of manufacturing of the present invention is dark-brown ground-coat enamel, redness or yellow crystal spot are the halation that gold has mirror effect and metalluster on every side, and luminous position moves with the variation of viewing angle, dazzling brilliant, in prescription, introduce Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES and iron content cinder, make brilliant flower color more bright-coloured, and the maturing range of having widened glaze, make the sintering technology operation be easy to grasp, fire yield rate and can reach 70%, glaze make full use of be simple and easy to raw material resources, reduce cost.
Embodiment:
Get 1.6 kilograms of potassium felspar sands, 1.0 kilograms in quartz, 0.6 kilogram in talcum, 0.07 kilogram in magnesium oxide, 0.6 kilogram of ferric oxide, 0.8 kilogram of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES, 0.03 kilogram of calcium metaborate, 0.09 kilogram of clay, 0.09 kilogram of mixing of iron content cinder, add 3.3 kg of water ball millings, according to the about ball milling 10~20 hours of material particles size, making the solid particulate fineness is that screen over-size is in 0.02% after passing through 200 mesh sieves, and the gained slurry is a ceramic glaze of the present invention.
Ceramic green or biscuit are cleaned out, earlier execute common transparent at internal surface, execute ceramic glaze of the present invention at outside surface then, glaze slip can suitably add water during glazing, and concentration of glaze slip is controlled between proportion 1.4~1.5 grams per milliliters, and the glazing mode can adopt spraying or leaching mode, preferably once finish during glazing, 1.5~2 millimeters of dry back glaze layer thicknesses are qualified for glazing, and preferably top is thick slightly, and the bottom is thin slightly.
After glazing was finished, oxidizing atmosphere was adopted in loading of kiln glaze firing, initially per hour heats up 130~160 ℃, with 6~7 hours furnace temperature is elevated to 1100 ℃, per hour heats up 40~60 ℃ then, insulation was 40 minutes after temperature was elevated to 1250 ℃, end fire, naturally cooling obtains credit change of weather order ceramic.
It is dark-brown ground-coat enamel that present embodiment makes ceramic, and bright-coloured red brilliant piebald point is flavous halation with mirror effect and metalluster on every side, and is dazzling brilliant, and product is noble elegant, is colour-stable, goods yield rate about 70%.

Claims (8)

1. a ceramic glaze that produces red credit change of weather order effect on Ceramic glaze is characterized in that, contains following component and weight percent: K 2O and/or Na 2O 4.1~7.2%, Al 2O 35.4~10%, SiO 243.6~57.3%, MgO 2.5~8.3%, Fe 2O 39.3~17.4%, P 2O 511~24.6%, CaO 0.1~0.6%, B 2O 30.1~0.8%.
2. according to the described ceramic glaze of claim 1, it is characterized in that the weight percent of described component is: K 2O and/or Na 2O 4.1~7.2%, Al 2O 35.4~10%, SiO 243.6~57.3%, MgO 5~8.3%, Fe 2O 39.3~17.4%, P 2O 511~18%, CaO 0.1~0.6%, B 2O 30.1~0.7%.
3. ceramic glaze that on Ceramic glaze, produces red credit change of weather order effect, it is characterized in that adopting following ore or compound is raw material, its composition and weight percent are: potassium felspar sand and/or albite 24.3~43.2%, quartzy 14.6~29.5%, talcum 5.5~19.2%, magnesium oxide 0.5~2.7%, ferric oxide 9~17.4%, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 7~25%, calcium metaborate 0~2%, clay 0.8~5%, iron content cinder 0~5%.
4. according to the described ceramic glaze of claim 3, it is characterized in that, the weight percent of described ore or compound is: potassium felspar sand or albite 24.3~43.2%, quartz 14.6~29.5%, talcum 5.5~19.2%, magnesium oxide 0.5~2.7%, ferric oxide 9.2~17%, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 10.9~18%, calcium metaborate 0.1~1.4%, clay 1~4%, iron content cinder 1~4%.
5. on Ceramic glaze, produce the method for credit change of weather order effect, it is characterized in that, comprise following steps:
A. with described ore of the arbitrary claim of claim 3~4 or compound,, pulverize, add water for ball milling, make the solid particulate fineness for passing through 200 mesh sieves by described percentage mix;
B. above-mentioned ceramic glaze is imposed on ceramic green or the biscuit after calcining, formation thickness is 0.5~2.5 millimeter glaze layer;
C. after the glaze layer drying, send into glaze firing in the kiln, under oxidizing atmosphere, initially per hour heat up 120~180 ℃, after temperature arrives 1050~1150 ℃, per hour heat up 30~70 ℃, terminal temperature is 1200~1300 ℃, and temperature is incubated 10~120 minutes after being elevated to terminal temperature, ends fire, naturally cooling obtains having red credit change of weather order ceramic.
6. according to the described method of claim 6, it is characterized in that among the described step B, the glaze layer thickness is 1.5~2 millimeters.
7. according to the described method of claim 6, it is characterized in that, among the described step C, initially per hour heat up 130~160 ℃ that temperature per hour heats up 40~60 ℃ after arriving 1050~1150 ℃.
8. according to the described method of claim 6, it is characterized in that among the described step C, terminal temperature is 1230~1270 ℃, soaking time 30~70 minutes.
CNB2005100349032A 2005-05-25 2005-05-25 Manufacturing method of redyohen tenmoku ceramic and ceramic glaze used therefor Active CN1328223C (en)

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CN101624297B (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-11-09 陕西科技大学 Preparation method for tea dust temmoku glaze
CN102070329B (en) * 2009-11-20 2013-05-01 路铠铭 Raw material formula and manufacturing process for temmoku glaze porcelain
CN102070357B (en) * 2010-11-30 2013-04-17 江苏高淳陶瓷股份有限公司 Preparation method of golden red temmku kiln fancy glaze Western-style food dinnerware
CN102746029B (en) * 2012-06-25 2013-11-20 江苏高淳陶瓷股份有限公司 Preparation method of two-time phase-separation bright red fambe fancy glaze
CN105670366B (en) 2016-03-04 2017-11-28 浙江大学 A kind of low pass porosity coating and its painting method for steel bar anti-corrosion
CN107098677B (en) * 2017-05-31 2020-07-21 福建德化陶知然陶瓷文化创意有限公司 Black-bottom red-spot oil-drop temmoku glaze ceramic and preparation process thereof
CN109179991A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 荥经林氏黑砂文化发展有限公司 A kind of Yingjing sand device special-purpose high temperature transmutation glaze formula
CN109399930B (en) * 2018-12-12 2023-05-16 湖南德兴瓷业有限公司 Leshao glaze and preparation method thereof
CN111454079A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-28 广东皓明陶瓷科技有限公司 Method for forming black substrate golden wafer ceramic product in glaze firing process

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87102805A (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-11-02 蒋优才 Manufacture method of a kind of ceramic glaze and products thereof
JP2005082438A (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-31 Osamu Ohira Yo-hen adorned pottery and its manufacturing method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87102805A (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-11-02 蒋优才 Manufacture method of a kind of ceramic glaze and products thereof
JP2005082438A (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-31 Osamu Ohira Yo-hen adorned pottery and its manufacturing method

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