CN1312004C - Bus, stop and center system with information exchange - Google Patents

Bus, stop and center system with information exchange Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1312004C
CN1312004C CNB031543197A CN03154319A CN1312004C CN 1312004 C CN1312004 C CN 1312004C CN B031543197 A CNB031543197 A CN B031543197A CN 03154319 A CN03154319 A CN 03154319A CN 1312004 C CN1312004 C CN 1312004C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bus
station
center
information
passenger
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CNB031543197A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1579836A (en
Inventor
王文佳
高桥和范
志摩健
尾岛正启
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株式会社日立制作所
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Priority to CNB031543197A priority Critical patent/CN1312004C/en
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Publication of CN1312004C publication Critical patent/CN1312004C/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/123Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating the position of vehicles, e.g. scheduled vehicles; Managing passenger vehicles circulating according to a fixed timetable, e.g. buses, trains, trams
    • G08G1/133Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating the position of vehicles, e.g. scheduled vehicles; Managing passenger vehicles circulating according to a fixed timetable, e.g. buses, trains, trams within the vehicle ; Indicators inside the vehicles or at stops

Abstract

The present invention belongs to the technical field of message interchange, particularly to a system having an information interchange public car, an information interchange stop and an information interchange center. The system is composed of a public car, a stop and a center. The system comprises data collection equipment, communication equipment, signal processing equipment and display equipment and exchanges the bus information and the stop information with a user, wherein the public car comprises a detector, an information processor, a display and a transceiver, the stop comprises an electronic stop board, a detector, an information processor and a transceiver, and the center comprises a management server, a display and a transceiver. The system is characterized in that data collected by the public car and the stop is converted to a definite data format to be sent to the electronic stop board of the corresponding stop or a public car display or a handset or a personal data assistant or a personal computer after being transmitted to and processed by the center, and by this means, the information of the public car and the stop can be transmitted to the center and a user to be used for the information collection and release of the public car stop, the traffic operation management of cities and the management of long-distance passenger transportation.

Description

System with bus, station and center of information exchange

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of public transit system message-switching technique field, the system at particularly a kind of bus of tool information exchange, station and center, this system provide the information at bus and station can for center and user.

Background technology

A lot of information acquisition and distribution technology, especially bus and stations about public transit system appear in recent years.In present public transport service, by global positioning system, GSM, image processing and other technologies, center and passenger can know the position of bus, route, estimated time of arrival, information such as ground-surface traffic.

For example, a Chinese patent (01235755.3), electronic bus stop board has been introduced a kind of electronic stop plate that is installed in the station.By global positioning system (GPS) and global system for mobile communications (GSM), the run location of bus is provided for traffic hub and user.A Japanese Patent (11-31295) is surveyed ground-surface information by camera is installed on automobile.Another Japanese Patent (2003-16587) calculates the time that the bus expectation is arrived at a station by global positioning system.They on the internet, comprise timetable to the bus information announcement of part circuit, present bus driving position, bus type (having or not ladder with convenient wheelchair-bound passenger).Simultaneously, another Japanese Patent (P2003-6784A) has been introduced a kind of bus notion of dynamically adjusting the timetable operation according to passenger's demand by bus.

Yet more bus information can't in time provide, and such as bus whether air-conditioning is arranged, the crowded state on the bus, and can the ticket price use monthly ticket etc.The passenger that much waits does not know the situation of several buses will entering the station, can only select the bus that arrives at first.

On the other hand, the information at station can't provide, such as wait passenger's crowded state of station.The information at station is not known at the center, and the operation that can not well dynamically adjust fleet is to adapt to ridership at that time.

Traditional dynamically adjust the bus system of operation, mainly considered to adjust fleet's operation, but do not considered to select bus according to bus type and operation situation at that time according to user's ccasual demand according to passenger's demand of riding.On the other hand, when the passenger changes to other vehicle from bus, have to estimate that each optional bus to the estimated time of arrival of changing to point, finds the timetable of other vehicle and operation situation at that time, judge and select optimum their method, this obviously is very inconvenient.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of system with bus, station and center of information exchange, wherein the information of bus can be gathered and send to bus to the center, comprise crowded state, the bus type, pay imformation etc., receive from the center then, comprising the information at bus fleet and station along the line.

Another object of the present invention provides a kind of station, and it can not only be in the crowded state that shows on the electronic stop plate on the bus that will enter the station, bus type, information such as bulletin, Information Monitoring AT STATION.In addition, the station can also send information to user terminal.

Another object of the present invention provides the function of a kind of bus fleet operation management, can satisfy old and specific requirement disabled passengers, such as the type of bus whether ladder is arranged, or can bus deliver wheelchair-bound passenger.This management function can also provide sufficient information to the transfer passenger, helps them to change to other vehicle from bus easily in the transfer stop.

According to a kind of bus and station system with information exchange functions of the present invention, it comprises data acquisition, communication, signal conditioning, and display equipment, carry out the information exchange at bus and station with the user, such as the crowded state on the bus, the bus type, the crowded state at pay imformation and station.It is characterized in that: bus and station send to the center to data, after the center processing data, convert the electronic stop plate that certain data format sends to corresponding station to, the bus telltale, or on the personal terminal.Data by bus and station collection comprise the image that camera photographed, crowded state, and the bus type, pay imformation has or not disabled passengers to wait onboard.The form of data is at different terminals and difference.

Technical solution of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of system with bus, station and center of information exchange comprises bus, station and center,

Bus probe vehicles internal information with communicate by letter with extraneous by wireless mode, be used for the center and by center and station exchange message;

Station information is surveyed at the station, outwards sends information, receives near bus information and demonstration information, is used for the center and by center and bus exchange message;

The center receives the information from bus and station, and canned data according to the information category transitional information, is used for information is sent to bus and station.

Described bus information comprises the passenger's crowded state in the car.

Described station information comprises the station passenger's crowded state of waiting.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, described bus comprises detector, message handler, telltale, and transceiver.Detector is used for the passenger's crowded state in the probe vehicles, message handler is used to handle the data of detector collection and the data of sending from the center, telltale is used to show the information of sending from the center, transceiver is used to transmit signals to the center and from the center received signal, each bus all is assigned with a numbering and is used for identification.

Camera is taken the image in the car, can monitor the situation in the car and detect crowded state.In order to overcome overlap problem, can in car, diverse location be installed by several cameras, take from different perspectives.Congestion information also can be by installing the inductor collection on the seat.Message handler is handled the information that detector collects.Congestion information can be calculated by it.Telltale shows the information of sending from the center, comprises the distance of this bus and a preceding number formulary bus, the crowded state of the place ahead bus, the crowded state that arrives at a station in the place ahead etc.Transceiver transmits a signal to the center and from the center received signal.Each bus all is assigned with a numbering, so that center identification.In the network of support package exchange, this numbering can be Internet protocol (IP) address.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, described station comprises electronic stop plate, detector, message handler, and transceiver.Electronic stop plate is used to show the information near bus, detector is used to survey wait passenger's crowded state of station, message handler is used to handle the data of detector collection and the data of sending from the center, transceiver is used to transmit signals to the center and from the center received signal, each station all is assigned with a numbering and is used for identification.

Electronic stop plate shows the bus information that is about to enter the station, and comprises the crowded state on the bus, the bus type, and pay imformation, run location is estimated arrival time, transfer information etc.Camera is taken the image at station.Wait passenger's crowded state of station can be surveyed by camera.Message handler is handled the data of sending here from detector, such as the image of camera and the data that receive from the center.Transceiver transmits a signal to the center and from the center received signal.Each station all is assigned with a numbering, so that center identification.In the network of support package exchange, this numbering can be Internet protocol (IP) address.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, described center comprises management server, telltale, and transceiver.Management server receives, storage, and conversion and transmission bus and station data comprise crowded state, the bus type, pay imformation has or not disabled passengers to wait onboard.The image monitoring bus that telltale is passed back by camera and the situation at station.Transceiver is from bus and station received signal and transmit a signal to bus, station and other users.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, comprise second kind of transceiver, the personal terminal of the passenger it and the station near carries out radio communication, and is different with the transceiver of first kind and center radio communication.It can be AT STATION near the same terminal communication of limited range, have the information that sends to the station from the center sent to terminal, the demonstration solicited message that sends terminal is to the center, dispatching centre is answered information requested to terminal.

The station can receive the bus type information by the center, image in the bus, and other station images, and send them to personal terminal.Personal terminal can receive bus information by the station; If also installed on the bus can with the transceiver of the second kind of transceiver communications in station, after bus drives into communication zone, personal terminal also can be directly from the bus reception information.There is the station at station and center, bus route, and the combined information of bus travel direction, so the user of personal terminal can reduce the operation of input, need input departure place and destination, the acquired information of just can communicating by letter with the station.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, the data bank at described center has the various bus information of arranging according to the bus numbering.These information comprise: static information, such as whether being equipped with air-conditioning, have or not ladder, and can deliver the wheelchair passenger.The bus that can deliver the wheelchair passenger has judgement to have or not this type of passenger function onboard.When the wheelchair passenger getting on/off, the driver sends to the center to this status information by transceiver.Need to use the passenger of the bus service of runing, obtain the information that collect at the center, send Entrucking Point, pick-up time, the place of getting off, bus information and the information of transferring to bus to the center by the internet according to passenger's demand of riding.The travel way that makes new advances is calculated after receiving passenger's demand by bus according to demand in the center, and this demand information is by bus taken into account, and recalculates the scheduled time that arrives each station along the line.These results are sent to the passenger of proposition demand.In addition, the center sends variation route, and parking site and passenger demand are to bus, and bus is issued this information by telltale or loud speaker and given the driver.Send the affirmation signal that receives indication after driver's confirmation.The arrival time of estimating is revised at each station, and shows demand information on the bus that receives passenger demand.

According to the system at the above-mentioned bus with information exchange, station and center, described center links to each other with the management server of other traffic hubs, such as railway, and subway, in time receipt routing, timetable and information on services.The center estimates that each bus arrives the time of transfer stop, according near the timetable of estimated time of arrival and the service scenario of other modes of transportation, is extracted in the information of other modes of transportation in the transfer stop.The information that the information of extracting is sent to station and relevant bus is presented on the electronic stop plate together, perhaps sends to passenger's personal terminal by second kind of radio communication function.And these information can send on the bus from the center or by the station, allow the passenger on the car also recognize this information.If can use real-time traffic information, described center can and provide the administrative center of traffic information to couple together, and obtains the running time of arteries of communication, is used to the time of estimating that bus arrives at a station.

Advantage of the present invention is: it can gather and issue the information at more buses more accurately and station, can not only Help Center more high efficiency management fleet, cut operating costs, can also provide more Useful Informations to the passenger, such as the crowded state of sending a car, the bus type, pay imformation allows the more convenient selection of passenger be fit to the public transport service of oneself.

Description of drawings

To the detailed description of embodiment, it is clearer that above-mentioned purpose of the present invention and advantage will become by with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 illustrates bus, the information exchanging process at station and center;

Fig. 2 is the scheme drawing of bus, and camera is installed, message handler, telltale and transceiver;

Fig. 3 is mounted in the scheme drawing of an embodiment of the telltale on the bus;

Fig. 4 is the scheme drawing at station, and electronic stop plate is installed, camera, message handler, and transceiver;

Fig. 5 is mounted in the scheme drawing of an embodiment of the electronic stop plate at station;

Fig. 6 is the scheme drawing at center, and management server is installed, telltale and transceiver;

Fig. 7 is the diagram of circuit that message handler is judged crowded state on the bus according to the image of gathering;

Fig. 8 is the diagram of circuit that message handler is judged crowded state on the station according to the image of gathering;

Fig. 9 is graphic on the station as the WLAN of second kind of signalling methods and passenger's PDA(Personal Digital Assistant);

Figure 10 is the embodiment of WLAN of second kind of signalling methods of Fig. 9, PDA, the information exchange scheme drawing at station and center;

Figure 11 is the scheme drawing that PDA goes up an embodiment of display image screen;

Figure 12 is the scheme drawing of an embodiment of center management server information process;

Figure l3 is the center, bus and the personal terminal functional schematic when the passenger proposes to ride demand to the bus service;

Figure 14 is center and railway information center, arteries of communication center bonded assembly functional schematic.

The specific embodiment

Fig. 1 has shown bus, the information exchange at station and center.Described bus comprises: city motor bus, tramway train, trackless trolley car, light rail train and subway train.Each bus and each station all have been assigned with a numbering, and this numbering can be the IP address.Transmission medium adopts cordless communication network, such as Cellular Networks, and WLAN, perhaps Dedicated Short Range Communications, (DSRC).Bus information, comprise the degree of crowding, bus type, pay imformation, have or not the wheelchair passenger to wait onboard, by the carborne detector collection, such as camera, the camera described in the present invention can adopt general camera, such as analog camera, or adopt digital camera, and to be handled the back by message handler then and send to the center by transceiver, its process is as (101); Data send on the electronic stop plate at station after the center is processed, and its process is as (102).Center described in the present invention comprises: public transport company operation management center, traffic-information service center, traffic scheduling center, traffic control center and message switching center.

On the other hand, station information such as the degree of crowding, is installed in the detector collection at station, such as camera, after being handled by message handler then, sends to the center by transceiver, and its process is as (103); After the center processing data, send on the Vehicular display device, its process is as (104).

Fig. 2 has shown the scheme drawing of a bus.On it, be equipped with: detector, such as camera (201), message handler (202), telltale (203), and transceiver (204).

Detector is used to survey bus information, comprises crowded state, service scenario etc.

The feasible method of surveying the bus crowded state has:

A kind of method is: in order to overcome overlap problem, cover panorama in the bus, different local several cameras (201) of installing on bus.Be installed in the position at four angles in the car or use wide-angle lens to be installed in the tip position in compartment such as department.Their program works to configure are taken an image such as per minute, and the shooting interval time can be according to communications cost and network operator's requirement adjustment.Except this mode, camera (201) can also be according to photographing request work, if mobile unit is received the photographing request from the center, message handler (202) is just opened camera and taken.After image is taken in the car,, send to the center by transceiver (204) by message handler (202) compression.

Another kind method is: on each vehicle seat inductor is installed, is selected several places that inductor also is installed on passage, inductor can be light-triggered, such as infrared ray, also can be pressure activated.After the passenger had triggered inductor, signal was sent to signal processor (202), and the crowded state in the car is calculated the back and sends to the center by transceiver (204).

In order to discern dissimilar buses, such as bus whether air-conditioning is installed, can the ticket price use monthly ticket, and each bus has been assigned with a numbering, can be the IP address in packet network, such as GPRS network.Each data that mail to the center this numbering all like this, the bus of sending out data can be discerned by it in the center, and sends data to corresponding station.

Telltale (203) is used for showing the various information of sending from the center to driver and passenger.

Message handler (202) and transceiver (204) are responsible for information processing and transmission.Message handler (202) comprises analog to digital conversion (A/D), coding and decoding, encrypting and decrypting, and compression of images.Image can be compressed into the JPAG form.For different communication medias, such as Cellular Networks, WLAN, perhaps short distance private communication (DSRC), transceiver (204) can be that multimode also can be the single mode mode.Under the multimode mode, transceiver antennas can be worked under multiple network, has many air interfaces; Under the single mode mode, select network to depend on construction cost, communications cost, and coverage.In order to survey the bus traveling-position, transceiver (204) lining can comprise gps antenna.

Fig. 3 has shown an embodiment of the telltale of installing on the bus.This equipment can be used for public transport management.Can be installed on bus driver's fwd gauge panel, also can be installed in and be convenient to interior other positions of car that the passenger browses.The information of sending from the center (301) shows with textual form on screen, such as can use Short Message Service (SMS) in Cellular Networks.Screen is LCDs LCD (302).When message arrived, loud speaker (303) sent prompting sound.There is new information to arrive by such prompting driver or passenger.Information comprises: and the distance of the place ahead bus, such as nearest first bus has 350 meters to the place ahead from this car, there are 750 meters to second, there are 1200 meters to the 3rd, the crowded state of the place ahead bus, very crowded such as nearest first bus in the place ahead, second and the 3rd bus in the place ahead is not crowded, the crowded state at next station and other Useful Informations.By these information, the driver can adjust the distance in front truck, improves efficiency of operation, and the passenger that guarantees to wait need not wait for long-time.

The telltale that comprises above-mentioned information of other types also can be implemented.

Other information, such as news, bulletin, advertisement also can show to the passenger.

Fig. 4 has shown the scheme drawing at a station.Described station comprises: the station of city motor bus, tramway train, trackless trolley car, light rail train and subway train.

The station is equipped with transceiver (401), message handler (402), electronic stop plate (403), and camera (404).

Transceiver (401) receives the information of sending from the center, after handling through message handler (402), is presented on the electronic stop plate (403).Described information comprises: the crowded state of several buses that are about to enter the station, bus type, charge situation, and other information.

Camera (404) is taken the image at station, and compression is handled the back and sent to the center by transceiver (401) through message handler (402).It is operated under the program that configures, and takes an image such as per minute, perhaps according to center network operator's the work that requires.

Fig. 5 has shown an embodiment who is installed in the electronic stop plate at station.Except the information that on traditional station board, shows, circuit number (501), station name (502), the first and last class time (503), station (504) along the line, it also has several different features: bus position that is about to enter the station and crowded state (505), the bus type, information (506) such as charge.

The location information of bus (505) is realized by global positioning system (GPS), represent by the lampet position of lighting under the station along the line on the station board: when a bus leaves station A and sails for station B, lampet under the B of station is lighted, when getting to the station B, lampet extinguishes, the lampet that next stop C is little is lighted, by that analogy.By the position of the lamp lighted, the passenger can know the position of bus driving.

The congestion information of bus (505) is realized by carborne detector, represented by the lampet number of lighting under the station along the line on the station board: 3 lampets of lighting are represented highly crowded, 2 lampets of lighting are represented slight crowding, and 1 lampet of lighting cannot not represented crowdedly, promptly has vacant position.

Also can reflect the degree of crowding in the car by being contained in observed patronage of camera in the compartment or the distance between the passenger, pictorial information is fed back to the center, after image processing or image statistics are made in the center, send on the electronic stop plate at station by the center again and show crowded state.

The bus type that is about to enter the station such as having or not air-conditioning, has or not disabled passengers, and pay imformation (506) is shown by Chinese and English above station board.Can adopt light-emitting diode screen (LED).Other information, such as weather conditions, bulletin also can show in the above.

The type of bus can use the numbering to bus to realize, represents different bus types with different numberings.Such as, air-conditioned coach, city motor bus, electric car can be represented with different numberings.Can be presented on the electronic stop plate.

Other electronic stop plates that comprise above-mentioned information also can be implemented.

Fig. 6 has shown the scheme drawing at center.It comprises: management server (601), telltale (602), and transceiver (603).

Management server (601) the data storage of passing back from bus and station at lane database, and according to different issue terminals, such as the station electronic stop plate, the bus telltale, personal terminal becomes certain form to data transfer.Canned data comprises: the time, and the bus numbering, the road wire size, the bus type, the position, crowded state has or not wheelchair-bound disabled passengers etc.It can provide fleet management's foundation and record to the network operator.The data format of issue is different and different according to terminal: for the electronic stop plate at station, data send in the specific coding mode, with the control lampet; For the telltale on the bus, data send with Wordn short message (SMS) form; For personal terminal, such as mobile phone, data send with multimedia short message (MMS) form, the user only need import the destination title and send to application service provider (ASP), just can obtain recommending the bus information taken, comprises the type of bus, crowded state, information such as fare.The user can also see in the car of being made by the center image in the bus after crowded image processing or the statistics.Crowded state is shown that by the symbol of different colours red representative is highly crowded, and it is crowded that yellow representative is slight, green representative is not crowded, and perhaps by the expression that meets of varying number, three symbology height are crowded, two symbologies are slightly crowded, and a symbology is not crowded.Above-mentioned application can realize that procedural language can be Java by client software is installed on user terminal.

Telltale (602) links to each other with transceiver (603), is used for by the situation in the image monitoring car that receives.The operator numbers and retrieves for examination up-to-date image by importing different buses on computers.Image spacing can be adjusted as required.Above-mentioned application can realize by build-in services device end software on central server.

Transceiver (603) receives and transmission information by network.Be used to receive the signal of sending from bus and station and transmit signals to bus, station or other users.

Fig. 7 has shown that message handler is according to the diagram of circuit of the image judgement crowded state of gathering on the bus.

Crowded state determination methods in the bus in a kind of system of bus, station and the center with information exchange, detailed process is as follows:

1. each bus is when empty wagons, takes the image of different angles by the camera that is installed in diverse location, and image is stored in the judgment standard that is used as crowded state in the treater; Point on several images is selected as judging point, such as selecting a point on each spinal support, selects several points on the passageway;

2. behind the photographic images, message handler is with them and the benchmark image contrast that is stored in the treater from different perspectives for camera, if judging point is capped, message handler just judges that the space of this point is taken by the passenger;

3. be capped if be less than 100% the judging point on the seat, crowded state is cited as " crowded ", and it is empty promptly having a seat at least; If 100% the judging point on the seat is capped, be less than 100% the judging point on the passageway and be capped, crowded state is cited as " slight crowded "; If the judging point on seat and the passageway 100% is capped, crowded state is cited as " highly crowded ".

Fig. 8 has shown that message handler is according to the diagram of circuit of the image judgement crowded state of gathering on the station.

Crowded state determination methods on the station in a kind of system of bus, station and the center with information exchange, detailed process is as follows:

1. each station is taken image and is stored in the judgment standard that is used as crowded state in the treater by camera when nobody waits, and the point on several images is selected as judging point, such as select several points on the roadside;

2. behind the camera photographic images, message handler is them and the benchmark image contrast that is stored in the treater, if judging point is capped, message handler just judges that the space of this some passenger that waited takies;

3. be capped if be less than 50% judging point, crowded state is cited as " crowded "; Be capped greater than 50% judging point if be less than 100%, crowded state is cited as " slight crowded "; If 100% judging point is capped, crowded state is cited as " highly crowded ".

Fig. 9 has shown second kind of communicator has been installed on the station that Fig. 4 describes: the scheme drawing of WLAN.

Station (904) comprises message handler (905), electronic stop plate (906), the transmitter of communicating by letter in the center of following (903) and the WLAN base station (902) of following near terminal communication.When the passenger that waits held PDA (personal digital assistant) (901) and enters into the communication range of WLAN base station (902) of station (904), the radio communication of station and PDA can be set up.

Figure 10 has shown and has gone up an embodiment who carries out second kind of communication of radio communication with WLAN AT STATION.

A kind of communication means of system of bus, station and the center with information exchange comprises bus, station and center, and its step is as follows:

It has described the PDA as personal terminal, the information exchanging process between station and the center.At first, the center sends data to the electronic stop plate (906) of station (904) and goes up demonstration, and its process is as (1001); PDA (901) sends the communication link connection request after entering the communication range of station (904), and its process is as (1002); After station (904) sent confirmation response connection request, its process was as (1003), and the data that send on the electronic stop plate arrive on the PDA (901), and its process is as (1004); PDA is according to corresponding form demonstration information on its screen.The user sends the request of obtaining other information of center by PDA (901) to station (904) then, its process is as (1005), after receiving request, station (904) sends to the center, its process is as (1006), after the center is produced corresponding information and is sent to station (904) according to request, its process is as (1007), and station (904) are transmitted to PDA (901) to information and go up (1008).

Figure 11 has shown an image embodiment on the PDA screen.The left side of Figure 11 (1101) has shown the embodiment of data on the PDA read-out that is dealt into the station from the center, shows the situation of the position of station and bus.After a bus on the screen is chosen by the electronic pen of PDA, the image at the center of being taken by camera of delivering in the bus and other are sent on the read-out that the information that obtains by the station is presented at PDA from the center, show the bus numbering, the bus type, the crowded image of distance between the passenger in the car, patronage in the car is as the right (1102) of Figure 11.

Figure 12 has shown the scheme drawing of the management server information process at center.Management server (1201) comprises three processes as described below.Process 1 (1202) receives data from bus, comprises that the crowded treatment of picture of passenger is upgraded the data bank at management server bonded assembly bus and station with the data of its patronage statistics in foregoing bus numbering, bus type, position, the car; Process 2 (1203) discloses the relevant information at bus and station on the internet; Process 3 (1204) is responsible for handling passenger's demand information, receives the by bus demand of passenger to bus, recomputates travel way according to demand, prediction arrives the time at each station, send the passenger of confirmation, send variation route, estimate that arrival time is to each station and bus to Reserved seating.At this moment, can add new function in this flow process, calculate the cost that changes route according to demand, the expense that appropriate change is ridden is notified the passenger and is reaffirmed demand.The expense that changes can be by calculating according to the form of route spacing from the change rate of change setting.These three processes work alone.

Figure 13 has shown the by bus demand realization bus information management of subsystem according to the passenger, externally issues bus information, adjusts the embodiment that bus operation and expectation arrive the service of each station time.The management server (1302) at center (1301) links to each other comprising bus data sheet (1304) with bus data bank (1303).Bus data sheet (1304) comprises bus numbering, route number, bus type, crowded state and have or not the information of disabled passengers.Management server (1302) is at any time according to the information of the information updating bus data bank (1303) that obtains from bus (1306).Updated information can be passed through personal terminal (1305), and such as home computer, mobile phone is confirmed on the open website on the internet.Bus operation process according to passenger's by bus demand was described in Figure 12.Bus (1306) is presented at the information that receives from center (1301) on the Vehicular display device (1308) by message handler (1307).The driver of bus (1306) confirms new running route and demand, such as wheelchair-bound passenger's riding information, sends confirmation and arrives center, (1301).Management server (1302) upgrades its data bank for this bus according to passenger demand adjustment operation, and sends relevant information to the station.An example is: when one send the wheelchair passenger loading of demand by bus after, the driver opens switch (1309) and shows wheelchair-bound passenger by bus, after this passenger gets off, driver's off switch (1309).Be sent to center (1301) during this information of same and be stored in the bus data bank (1303).

Figure 14 has shown the center (1401) and railway information center (1403) and embodiment of traffic information center (1404) bonded assembly at bus and station.At the center (1401), the time that management server (1402) arrives at a station according to the information prediction that obtains from the outside, the estimated time of arrival that promptly arrives the transfer stop is that the traffic time by traffic information center (1404) calculates.This process is timed execution in the merging of each bus and transfer stop.Then, from the railway timetable, select, further extract its relevant real-time information on services near the railway information that arrives the transfer stop time.Simultaneously, the railway information of send selecting is to each telltale through the bus (1405) of transfer stop and station (1406).As described in Figure 9, this information can send on the personal terminal PDA (1407) by the WLAN of station (1406).This information can also further extensively be published on the internet.

Above-mentioned system with bus, station and center of information exchange can be applied in the taxicar service.The passenger can select by the taxi information that provides and hire a car.The above-mentioned pattern of adjusting the bus operation according to passenger demand also can be used as universal functionality with the method that recomputates route and is applied on the taxicar.

The Fare Collection System of the system at above-mentioned bus, station and center with information exchange is as follows: the center is according to passenger's number by bus, route spacing from, cost and expense that vehicle class calculates every passenger of delivery are applied in bus or the taxicar service in real time.The center is shown to the passenger to the expense that calculates in passenger's Reserved seating with before getting on the bus then, and the passenger can Reserved seating according to the expense that shows, agreement is reached when predetermined the payment by bus.The passenger can be before by bus, also can paying after by bus, and its expense is according to the difference of Payment Methods and difference.By like this, the passenger can be not only according to riding route, and vehicle class can also be selected optimum oneself bus or taxicar according to expense.

Above-mentioned system with bus, station and center of information exchange can also be applied in the public transport company operation management.The place has more passenger to climb up a bus when a station, and when also having the passenger to wait, its image is sent to the center.The center is forwarded to the crowded state information of this bus on next bus, and its driver adjusts the distance with the place ahead bus, shortens passenger's waiting time.Just can in time adjust fleet's operation by such public transport company, raise the efficiency cost-cutting according to passenger's demand by bus.

If camera is installed on the public passenger transport bus, can strengthen the safety of operation.Can being applied in emergency circumstances of camera according to the mode of operation that the center requires to start shooting at any time.When passenger vehicle went wrong, the image in the bus can be in time retrieved for examination at the center.Simultaneously, the working condition that the mode of operation that the periodicity of camera is taken can be used for supervising the driver guarantees driving safety.If illegal incidents take place on bus, the image that camera is taken can be used as evidence and follows the trail of and prosecute criminal.

If second kind of Wireless Telecom Equipment installed at the bus station, such as WLAN, the broadband application of internet will be promoted greatly.The passenger that waits can utilize it to download real-time traffic information, multimedia recreation information and other interested contents.

By top description, can see that according to a kind of system with bus, station and center of information exchange of the present invention, can not only be used for bus, the collection of station relevant information and issue can also exchange more Useful Informations.Can be used for rail transportation system equally, and civil aviaton's transport systems.

Claims (15)

1. system that possesses bus, station and the center of information exchange functions comprises: bus, and station and center,
Bus, it is in order to carry out information exchange with the center and by center and station, and the probe vehicles internal information is communicated by letter with extraneous by wireless mode;
The station, it surveys the information at station in order to carry out information exchange with the center and by center and bus, outwards sends information, receives approaching bus information, and the information of carrying out shows; With
The center for information being sent to bus and station, receives and stores the information from bus and station, according to the kind of information information is changed;
Communicating by letter between center and bus or the station undertaken by transmission medium,
Described bus possesses detector, signal conditioning package and transceiver,
Described detector is surveyed the interior passenger's crowded state of car of this bus,
Described signal conditioning package is handled the data of collecting by this detector,
Described transceiver sends to the center with described treated data,
The center will comprise the station that the information of crowded state in the described bus car sends to corresponding route,
The detector that is arranged in the above-mentioned bus is analogue camera or digital camera, and this camera is arranged on the position at four angles in the car, or is arranged at the top in compartment under the situation of using wide-angle lens.
According to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that 2, described station information comprises the station passenger's crowded state of waiting.
3, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that described bus comprises: city motor bus, tramway train, trackless trolley car, light rail electrical car and subway train.
4, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that described station comprises: the station of city motor bus, tramway train, trackless trolley car, light rail electrical car and subway train.
5, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 4, it is characterized in that, described station comprises electronic stop plate, detector, message handler and transceiver, electronic stop plate is used to show the information of approaching bus, detector is used to survey wait passenger's crowded state of station, message handler is used to handle the data of detector collection and the data of sending from the center, transceiver is used to transmit signals to the center and from the center received signal, each station all is assigned with a reference numbering and is used for identification.
6, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that described center comprises: public transport company operation management center, traffic-information service center, traffic scheduling center, traffic control center and message switching center.
7, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 6, it is characterized in that, described center comprises management server, telltale and transceiver, management server is used to receive, store, change and send the data at bus and station, telltale is used to monitor the image at bus and station, and transceiver is used to receive the signal of sending from bus and station and transmits signals to bus, station or other user.
8, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that, whether described bus possesses and comprises and have or not elevator and whether can deliver wheelchair occupant, be air-conditioned coach and judge the bus type information that has or not wheelchair occupant on the car, use is distributed to the identification of bus with reference to numbering, and this information is sent to the center.
9, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 6, it is characterized in that, described center can receive the Reserved seating information of passenger according to the bus information proposition of its transmission, recomputate the bus travel way, estimate arrival time, with send bus route, arrival time to the passenger, give bus and driver, give the station.
10, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 6, it is characterized in that, described center is transferred to information according to each estimated time of arrival extraction of transferring to the station, and is sent to bus and station with other traffic hub exchange traffic informations.
According to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that 11, the station sends to the center after collecting crowded state information in the bus, the center send information to the station of corresponding route.
12, according to the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 1, it is characterized in that, the center is according to the number of passenger on the car, the distance of riding route, the rank of the vehicle, calculating riding fee uses, and before passenger loading, be shown to the passenger, the passenger is according to the fare Reserved seating that shows, agreement is reached in predetermined paying dues by bus.
According to the system at any the bus that possesses information exchange, station and center among the claim 1-12, it is characterized in that 13, transmission medium is cellular network, WLAN or based on the cordless communication network of narrowband wireless communication.
14, a kind of wireless communications method of system of bus, station and the center that possesses information exchange is characterized in that,
Near limited range and the terminal communication of the processing equipment at station this station, the information that will send to the station from the center sends to terminal,
Described terminal will show that by the station processing equipment solicited message sends to the center,
The center will show the processing equipment of the cooresponding echo message of request by the station with this, send to described terminal,
Contain center situation passenger crowded state in the bus car that receive, this bus in this echo message,
Described congestion information is used the analogue camera at the top that is arranged on interior four corner location of bus car or is arranged at the compartment under the situation of using wide-angle lens or the data that digital camera is collected, and collects.
15, according to the wireless communications method of the system at the bus that possesses information exchange, station and the center of claim 14, described method of wireless communication also comprises step:
At first, the center sends data on the electronic stop plate at station and shows;
Described terminal sends the communication link connection request after entering the communication range at station;
After the station sent confirmation response connection request, the data on the transmission electronic stop plate were on described terminal;
Described terminal is according to corresponding form demonstration information on its screen, and the user obtains the request of center out of Memory to the station by described terminal then;
The station sends to the center after receiving request, and after the center was produced corresponding information and sent to the station according to request, the station was transmitted to described terminal to information.
CNB031543197A 2003-08-15 2003-08-15 Bus, stop and center system with information exchange CN1312004C (en)

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CNB031543197A CN1312004C (en) 2003-08-15 2003-08-15 Bus, stop and center system with information exchange
PCT/CN2004/000947 WO2005036497A1 (en) 2003-08-15 2004-08-13 The system of bus, station and center having information communication
JP2006522874A JP2007502455A (en) 2003-08-15 2004-08-13 Public car, stop station and center system with information exchange function

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