CN116214723A - Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment - Google Patents

Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116214723A
CN116214723A CN202211623254.XA CN202211623254A CN116214723A CN 116214723 A CN116214723 A CN 116214723A CN 202211623254 A CN202211623254 A CN 202211623254A CN 116214723 A CN116214723 A CN 116214723A
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China
Prior art keywords
annular frame
frame
fixedly connected
butt joint
air
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Granted
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CN202211623254.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116214723B (en
Inventor
陈江东
陈俊泽
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Huairen Lisi New Material Technology Co ltd
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YIXING HUARUI CASTING MATERIALS CO Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/38Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions wherein the mixing is effected both by the action of a fluid and by directly-acting driven mechanical means, e.g. stirring means ; Producing cellular concrete
    • B28C5/381Producing cellular concrete
    • B28C5/386Plants; Systems; Methods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/38Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions wherein the mixing is effected both by the action of a fluid and by directly-acting driven mechanical means, e.g. stirring means ; Producing cellular concrete
    • B28C5/381Producing cellular concrete
    • B28C5/386Plants; Systems; Methods
    • B28C5/388Methods
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention discloses a mullite foam ceramic preparation process and equipment, comprising a construction station, a slurry hanging mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a material bearing mechanism, wherein the slurry hanging mechanism is arranged on the left side of the top of the construction station, the feeding mechanism is arranged on the top of the construction station, and the material bearing mechanism is arranged in the construction station. According to the mullite foam ceramic preparation equipment and the mullite foam ceramic preparation process, the slurry hanging mechanism, the feeding mechanism and the material bearing mechanism are respectively arranged at the top and the inner side of the construction table, and the three mechanisms are linked, so that the foam sponge can be directly subjected to combined operation of multiple procedures such as feeding, slurry hanging, extrusion, discharging and drying, each procedure is not required to be moved to a separate device for processing, the complexity of the slurry hanging procedure is reduced, the efficiency of the sponge slurry hanging is effectively improved, and the preparation field of the current foam ceramic is met.

Description

Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mullite foamed ceramic preparation, in particular to mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment and a mullite foamed ceramic preparation process.
Background
The foamed ceramic is a ceramic material with excellent characteristics, the porosity of the ceramic is generally up to 70-95%, the pore structure of the ceramic is a porous body with a labyrinth three-dimensional net-shaped framework structure which is connected with each other, and the ceramic porous body is like a toughened foamed plastic or a porcelain sponge. The foamed ceramic has the characteristics of low volume weight, high porosity, good heat insulation performance, high temperature resistance, high permeability, high specific surface area, complex pore canal structure and the like, is applied to purification and separation, chemical catalyst carriers, high-grade heat insulation materials and sensor materials, mullite (3 Al2O3.2SiO 2) is a very stable binary compound in an Al2O3-SiO2 system, has important significance in aluminum-silicon refractory materials and ceramics, and has the characteristics of high melting point (1830C), low heat conductivity, small thermal expansion coefficient, good chemical stability, good heat stability and the like, and the mullite foamed ceramic material has good high-temperature mechanical property and good volume stability.
The existing preparation method of the mullite foam ceramic is mainly to use an organic foam impregnation method, namely, a sponge foam block is subjected to pre-sizing and then firing, so that the foam ceramic with a large number of irregular air holes in the inside is obtained, however, the sizing of the existing foam sponge is required to be soaked in feed liquid, then taken out and extruded to remove the redundant feed liquid in the inside, and then dried and fired, the whole process is required to be subjected to multiple working procedures, and each working procedure is operated by separate equipment, so that the sponge block subjected to sizing is required to be transferred and moved among the equipment manually, the complexity of the working procedure is increased, the efficiency is not improved, and the mullite foam ceramic preparation equipment is designed again to solve the defects.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment and a mullite foamed ceramic preparation process, which solve the problems that the current slurry coating process for foam sponge is complicated, a plurality of equipment pieces are required to move, and the efficiency is low.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment comprises a construction station, a slurry hanging mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a material bearing mechanism, wherein the slurry hanging mechanism is arranged on the left side of the top of the construction station, the feeding mechanism is arranged on the top of the construction station, and the material bearing mechanism is arranged in the construction station.
Preferably, the left side of the top of the construction table is provided with a raw material pool, the slurry hanging mechanism comprises a top plate, the top plate is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the construction table through a bracket, the front part and the rear part of the top plate are fixedly connected with hydraulic columns through openings, the bottom ends of the hydraulic columns are fixedly connected with annular frames matched with the raw material pool, the right side of the annular frames is provided with a discharge hole, the top of the annular frames is rotatably connected with a butt joint rod through the openings, the bottom ends of the butt joint rod extend to the bottom of the annular frames, the top of the butt joint rod is provided with a butt joint groove, a first motor is fixedly connected between the two hydraulic columns and positioned at the top of the top plate through the bracket, the output shaft of the first motor is fixedly connected with a butt joint head matched with the butt joint groove through a coupling, and the bottom ends of the butt joint head extend to the lower part of the top plate;
the periphery of the bottom of the annular frame is provided with an annular opening, the bottom end of the butt joint rod is fixedly connected with a linkage rod matched with the annular opening, a plurality of linkage rods are arranged at equal intervals in an annular shape, one end of each linkage rod, which is far away from the butt joint rod, extends to the inside of the annular frame through the annular opening, and one end of each linkage rod, which extends to the inside of the annular frame, is fixedly connected with a baffle plate;
the front side at the top of the discharge hole is provided with an arc cover, the arc cover is fixedly connected with a similar linkage rod through a bracket, an extrusion barrel is rotationally connected between the front part and the rear part of the inner cavity of the annular frame through a bearing piece, and the extrusion barrel is positioned at the rear part of the discharge hole
Preferably, the feeding mechanism comprises a supporting frame, the supporting frame is arranged on the front side of the top of the construction platform, two sides between the front part and the rear part of an inner cavity of the supporting frame are respectively connected with a rotating rod through bearing parts in a rotating mode, the surfaces of the rotating rods are fixedly connected with belt drums, the two belt drums are connected through transmission belts, the right side of the rear part of the supporting frame is fixedly connected with a second motor through a bracket, and the rear end of the rotating rod penetrates through the supporting frame and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor through a coupler.
Preferably, the front side of carriage inner chamber just is located the inboard fixedly connected with air extraction plate of conveyer belt, and the rear portion of air extraction plate runs through the carriage and extends to the rear portion of carriage, the rear portion intercommunication of air extraction plate has the air duct, and the air duct is provided with a plurality of, the left side fixedly connected with of carriage and conveyer belt cooperatees the stock guide that uses.
Preferably, the material taking groove is formed in the right side of the construction table, the material bearing mechanism comprises two sliding rails, the two sliding rails are respectively arranged at the front part and the rear part of the inner cavity of the material taking groove, sliding strips are slidably arranged in the sliding rails, and a material bearing frame is fixedly connected between the two sliding strips.
Preferably, the front part and the rear part on the right side of the material bearing frame are provided with pulling rods in a sliding manner through openings, the left ends of the pulling rods extend to the inside of the material bearing frame, scraping plates are fixedly connected between one ends of the two pulling rods extending to the material bearing frame, and clamping ports are formed in the front part and the rear part of the top of the material bearing frame.
Preferably, the front part and the rear part on the right side of the construction platform are respectively connected with a rotating handle through bearing parts in a rotating way, two opposite sides of the rotating handles are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting strip matched with the clamping connector for use, and the bottom of the inner cavity of the material taking groove is provided with a liquid collecting groove.
Preferably, the recovery tank that is linked together with the material taking tank has been seted up in the left side of raw materials pond inner chamber, the bottom fixedly connected with draw runner plate of recovery tank inner chamber, the inside slidable mounting of draw runner plate has the slider, the top fixedly connected with guide frame of slider, and the equal fixedly connected with in right side of guide frame front portion and rear portion and the deflector that cooperatees with the annular frame and use, the left side fixedly connected with spring of deflector, and the left end and the inner wall fixed connection of recovery tank of spring.
Preferably, the rear portion fixedly connected with air-blower at construction table top, the one end and the air intake connection of air-conveying pipe, the top of extracting groove inner chamber is through seting up opening fixedly connected with collection bellows, be connected with out the tuber pipe between the air outlet of top and air-blower of collection bellows, the bottom intercommunication of collection bellows has the exhaust pipe, and the exhaust pipe is provided with a plurality of, the rear portion fixedly connected with water pump of construction table, the liquid outlet and the inlet of water pump all are connected with the material pipe, the right side the material pipe runs through the construction table and extends to the inside of collecting vat, the left side the one end of material pipe runs through the construction table and extends to the inside of raw materials pond.
The invention also discloses a mullite foamed ceramic preparation process, which specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, firstly, a preparation process is carried out when foamed ceramic is prepared, firstly, an annular frame is pulled up to leave a raw material pool through a hydraulic column, then raw material liquid formed by mixing mullite powder and other raw materials is poured into the raw material pool, then a material bearing frame is inserted into the inner side of a sliding rail through a sliding strip and pushed into the inner side of a material taking groove, then the hydraulic column starts to lower the annular frame to the inner side of the raw material pool, then a first motor drives a butt joint rod to rotate, a plurality of linkage rods are driven to rotate simultaneously when the butt joint rod rotates, at the moment, a baffle plate and an arc cover rotate together, a second motor is started to drive a conveyor belt to drive a top sponge block to move through two belt drums, meanwhile, a blower is started to suck an air suction plate through an air conveying pipe, the sponge block can be sucked to increase stability when the top of the conveyor belt moves to the end, a plurality of sponge blocks can be sequentially thrown into the inner side of the annular frame through the guiding plate when the sponge block rotates, the plurality of the baffle plates are separated until the arc cover rotates to stop rotating to the upper side of a material outlet, and then the arc cover rotates continuously until the arc cover rotates to reset;
s2, after the sponge block is placed in the annular frame completely, starting the hydraulic column to push the annular frame to descend until the annular frame is completely soaked in feed liquid, in the process, the annular frame descends and firstly touches the guide plate, the guide plate pushes the guide frame to the inside of the recovery groove through the sliding of the chute plate through the self inclination, the annular frame cannot be blocked from descending, then after the sponge block fully absorbs the feed liquid between one end of the reaction kettle and stands still, starting the hydraulic column again to pull the annular frame up until the butt joint groove is in butt joint with the butt joint head, in the process, pushing the guide frame into the recovery groove again, after the annular frame ascends and is pushed out again through the spring, after the butt joint groove and the butt joint head are in butt joint, starting the first motor to drive the butt joint rod to rotate through the butt joint head, the butt joint rod rotates to drive the baffle plates to rotate clockwise, the sponge blocks in the annular frame are pushed to move towards the discharge hole, the sponge blocks are extruded by the extrusion cylinder in the pushing process, redundant feed liquid in the sponge blocks is extruded, then falls into the guide frame along the discharge hole under pushing, the second motor is started again in the process to throw new sponge blocks into the annular frame, the sponge blocks hanging slurry fall into the guide frame and then fall into the material bearing frame, at the moment, the blower is started to pump air through the air pumping plate to achieve the effect of fixing the sponge blocks at the top of the conveyor belt, meanwhile, the pumped air is sprayed out by the exhaust pipe to dry the slurry hanging sponge blocks, and meanwhile, the redundant feed liquid on the surface can drop into the liquid collecting groove, and then the material taking process is carried out;
s3, after a certain amount of sponge blocks in the material bearing frame are accumulated, the pulling rod is pulled from the outside to drive the scraping plate to move rightwards to scrape and pull the sponge blocks to the right side for convenient taking, and meanwhile, after a certain amount of feed liquid is accumulated in the liquid collecting tank, the water pump is started to pump the feed liquid into the interior of the raw material tank again through the material pipe for use.
The invention provides mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment and a mullite foamed ceramic preparation process. Compared with the prior art, the method has the following beneficial effects:
(1) This mullite foam ceramic preparation facilities through installing respectively at the top and the inboard of construction table and hanging thick liquid mechanism, feed mechanism and hold material mechanism, the linkage of these three mechanisms can directly carry out the joint operation of material loading, hanging thick liquid, extrusion, unloading and multiple processes such as dry to foam sponge, need not every process all remove to stand alone equipment and process, has reduced the loaded down with trivial details nature of hanging thick liquid process, can effectively improve the efficiency of sponge hanging thick liquid, satisfies the preparation field of current foam ceramic.
(2) According to the mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment, the recovery groove is formed in the raw material tank, the guide frame is slidably mounted, the guide plates are mounted at the front portion and the rear portion of the guide frame, the guide plates are integrally matched with the slurry hanging mechanism, the sponge slurry hanging mechanism can be used for discharging after the sponge slurry hanging is completed, the sponge slurry is directly guided into the material bearing frame for material dripping and drying, and complicated manual discharging procedures are omitted.
(3) This mullite foam ceramic preparation facilities through installing feed mechanism at the top of construction bench, can match slurry hanging mechanism and guide frame to carry out the inside of unloading with new foam transmission to annular frame when annular frame, reaches incessantly the purpose of material loading, and the air-blower is sucked the suction plate through the air-conveying pipe simultaneously, can adsorb the sponge and fix at the top of conveyer belt, and the gas after the suction is spouted the drying of getting the silo inside to the slurry hanging sponge through the air-blower again simultaneously, realizes going on in step of multiple processes.
(4) This mullite foam ceramic preparation facilities through the internally mounted at the extracting tank hold material mechanism, holds material mechanism and accepts the slurry hanging sponge in the inside of extracting tank to drip material and dry, avoid directly getting material liquid whereabouts on ground, the pull rod pulling scraper blade can be with the sponge pulling to the right side of extracting tank simultaneously, conveniently gets the material, has made things convenient for staff's use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear view of the feed mechanism, water pump and feed tube arrangement of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a material bearing mechanism structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the hydraulic column, annular frame and discharge port of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a rear view of the docking rod, annular mouth and linkage rod configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a top view of the internal structure of the annular frame of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic representation of the hydraulic column, first motor and abutment structure of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a material bearing mechanism structure of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a top view of the feed tank, guide frame and air delivery tube structure of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a guide frame and guide plate structure of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a top view showing the internal structure of the construction site according to the present invention;
FIG. 13 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at B in FIG. 12;
fig. 14 is a bottom view of the internal structure of the construction site of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a construction station; 2. a slurry hanging mechanism; 3. a feeding mechanism; 4. a material bearing mechanism; 5. a raw material pool; 6. a material taking groove; 7. a recovery tank; 8. a chute plate; 9. a slide block; 10. a material guiding frame; 11. a guide plate; 12. a spring; 13. a water pump; 14. a material pipe; 15. a wind collecting box; 16. an exhaust pipe; 17. a blower; 18. an air outlet pipe; 19. a liquid collecting tank; 201. a top plate; 202. a hydraulic column; 203. an annular frame; 204. a discharge port; 205. a butt joint rod; 206. a butt joint groove; 207. a first motor; 208. butt joint; 209. an annular mouth; 210. a linkage rod; 211. a baffle; 212. an arc-shaped cover; 213. an extrusion cylinder; 301. a support frame; 302. a rotating lever; 303. a second motor; 304. a belt drum; 305. a conveyor belt; 306. a wind extraction plate; 307. a material guide plate; 308. an air delivery pipe; 401. a slide rail; 402. a slide bar; 403. a material bearing frame; 404. pulling the rod; 405. a scraper; 406. a card interface; 407. a rotating handle; 408. and a limit strip.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1-14, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a mullite foam ceramic preparation facilities, includes construction table 1, slurry hanging mechanism 2, feed mechanism 3 and holds material mechanism 4, and slurry hanging mechanism 2 sets up in the left side at construction table 1 top, and feed mechanism 3 sets up in the top of construction table 1, holds material mechanism 4 and sets up in the inside of construction table 1.
As a preferred embodiment, in order to squeeze redundant feed liquid when hanging slurry for discharging foam sponge, in the invention, a raw material pool 5 is arranged on the left side of the top of a construction table 1, a slurry hanging mechanism 2 comprises a top plate 201, the top plate 201 is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the construction table 1 through a bracket, a hydraulic column 202 is fixedly connected with the front part and the rear part of the top plate 201 through openings, an annular frame 203 matched with the raw material pool 5 is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the hydraulic column 202, a discharge port 204 is arranged on the right side of the annular frame 203, a butt joint rod 205 is rotatably connected with the top of the annular frame 203 through openings, the bottom end of the butt joint rod 205 extends to the bottom of the annular frame 203, a butt joint groove 206 is arranged at the top end of the butt joint rod 205, a first motor 207 is fixedly connected with the top of the top plate 201 through a bracket between the two hydraulic columns 202, an output shaft of the first motor 207 is a servo motor, a butt joint 208 matched with the butt joint groove 206 is fixedly connected with a coupling, and the bottom end of the butt joint 208 extends to the lower part of the top plate 201;
an annular opening 209 is formed in the periphery of the bottom of the annular frame 203, a linkage rod 210 matched with the annular opening 209 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the butt joint rod 205, a plurality of linkage rods 210 are arranged at equal intervals in an annular shape, one end, away from the butt joint rod 205, of the linkage rod 210 extends to the inside of the annular frame 203 through the annular opening 209, and a baffle 211 is fixedly connected to one end, extending to the inside of the annular frame 203, of the linkage rod 210;
an arc cover 212 is arranged on the front side of the top of the discharge hole 204, the arc cover 212 is fixedly connected with a similar linkage rod 210 through a bracket, an extrusion barrel 213 is rotationally connected between the front part and the rear part of the inner cavity of the annular frame 203 through a bearing piece, and the extrusion barrel 213 is positioned at the rear part of the discharge hole 204
As an effective embodiment, in order to implement uninterrupted feeding during slurry-hanging foam discharging, in the invention, the feeding mechanism 3 comprises a supporting frame 301, the supporting frame 301 is mounted on the front side of the top of the construction platform 1, two sides between the front part and the rear part of an inner cavity of the supporting frame 301 are rotatably connected with a rotating rod 302 through bearing pieces, the surface of the rotating rod 302 is fixedly connected with a belt cylinder 304, two belt cylinders 304 are in transmission connection through a conveyor belt 305, the right side of the rear part of the supporting frame 301 is fixedly connected with a second motor 303 through a bracket, the second motor 303 is a servo motor, the rear end of the right rotating rod 302 penetrates through the supporting frame 301 and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor 303 through a coupler, the front side of the inner cavity of the supporting frame 301 is fixedly connected with an air suction plate 306 which extends to the rear part of the supporting frame 301, the rear part of the air suction plate 306 is communicated with an air conveying pipe 308, and the left side of the supporting frame 301 is fixedly connected with a material guide plate 307 matched with the conveyor belt 305.
As an effective embodiment, in order to drop the foam of hanging pulp and facilitate the subsequent taking, in the invention, the right side of the construction platform 1 is provided with a material taking groove 6, the material bearing mechanism 4 comprises sliding rails 401 and the sliding rails 401 are provided with two sliding rails 401, the two sliding rails 401 are respectively installed at the front part and the rear part of the inner cavity of the material taking groove 6, the sliding rails 401 are internally and slidably installed with sliding strips 402, a material bearing frame 403 is fixedly connected between the two sliding strips 402, the front part and the rear part of the right side of the material bearing frame 403 are respectively provided with a pulling rod 404 through opening sliding, the left end of the pulling rod 404 extends to the inside of the material bearing frame 403, a scraping plate 405 is fixedly connected between one end of the two pulling rods 404 extending to the material bearing frame 403, the front part and the rear part at the top of the material bearing frame 403 are respectively provided with a clamping interface 406, the front part and the rear part at the right side of the construction platform 1 are respectively connected with a rotating handle 407 through bearing piece, one side opposite to the two rotating handles 407 is respectively fixedly connected with a limiting strip 408 matched with the clamping interface 406, the bottom of the inner cavity 6 is provided with a material taking groove 6, the front part and the rear part of the air blower 17 is fixedly connected with an air blower tube 17, the air inlet pipe 16 is fixedly connected with the air inlet pipe 16 and the air outlet pipe 13 is fixedly connected with the air outlet pipe 13, the air inlet pipe 13 is fixedly connected with the air outlet pipe 13 of the top of the material intake pipe 1, the air duct is fixedly connected with the air duct 1, and the air duct is connected with the air duct 1 and the air duct 1 is connected with the air duct 1.
In order to enable the material guiding frame 10 not to affect the lifting of the annular frame 203 in the raw material tank 5, in the invention, a recovery tank 7 communicated with the material taking tank 6 is arranged on the left side of the inner cavity of the raw material tank 5, a sliding groove plate 8 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner cavity of the recovery tank 7, a sliding block 9 is slidably arranged in the sliding groove plate 8, the top of the sliding block 9 is fixedly connected with the material guiding frame 10, guide plates 11 matched with the annular frame 203 are fixedly connected to the right sides of the front and rear parts of the material guiding frame 10, springs 12 are fixedly connected to the left side of the guide plates 11, and the left ends of the springs 12 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the recovery tank 7.
The invention also discloses a mullite foamed ceramic preparation process, which specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, firstly, a preparation process is carried out when foamed ceramic is prepared, firstly, an annular frame 203 is pulled up to leave a raw material pool 5 through a hydraulic column 202, then raw material liquid formed by mixing mullite powder and other raw materials is poured into the raw material pool 5, then a material bearing frame 403 is inserted into the inner side of a sliding rail 401 through a sliding bar 402 and pushed into the inside of a material taking groove 6, then the annular frame 203 is lowered to the inner side of the raw material pool 5 through the hydraulic column 202, a docking rod 205 is driven by a first motor 207 to rotate, a plurality of linkage rods 210 are driven to rotate simultaneously when the docking rod 205 rotates, a baffle 211 and an arc cover 212 rotate together, a second motor 303 is started to drive a conveying belt 305 to move a top sponge block through two belt drums 304, a blower 17 is started to suck an exhaust plate 306, the sponge block can be sucked and increase stability when the top of the conveying belt 305 moves to the end, the sponge block falls into the inner side of the annular frame 203 through the guide of the guide plate 307, the baffle 211 rotates slowly, a plurality of sponge blocks 203 can be sequentially driven by a plurality of guide plates 211 to rotate until the inner side of the annular frame 203 is separated by the baffle 212, and then the arc cover 212 rotates until a plurality of arc covers are rotated, and the arc cover 212 is continuously rotated, and a process is continuously started until a plurality of arc covers 212 are rotated, and a plurality of sponge covers are continuously rotated;
s2, after the sponge block is placed in the annular frame 203 completely, starting the hydraulic column 202 to push the annular frame 203 to descend until the annular frame 203 is completely soaked in feed liquid, in the process, the annular frame 203 firstly touches the guide plate 11 when descending, the guide plate 11 pushes the guide frame 10 to the inside of the recovery groove 7 through the sliding of the chute plate 8 through the inclination of the guide plate, the annular frame 203 is not blocked, then standing still, after the sponge block fully absorbs the feed liquid between one end, starting the hydraulic column 202 again to pull the annular frame 203 upwards until the butt joint groove 206 is in butt joint with the butt joint 208, in the process, firstly pushing the guide frame 10 into the inside of the recovery groove 7, after the annular frame 203 ascends and is pushed out again through the spring 12, after the butt joint groove 206 and the butt joint 208 are in butt joint, starting the first motor 207 to drive the butt joint rod 205 to rotate through the butt joint 208, when the docking rod 205 rotates, the plurality of baffles 211 are driven to rotate clockwise, sponge blocks in the annular frame 203 are pushed to the discharge hole 204 to move, the sponge blocks are extruded by the extrusion barrel 213 in the pushing process, redundant feed liquid in the sponge blocks is extruded, then falls into the guide frame 10 along the discharge hole 204 under pushing, in the process, the second motor 303 is started again to throw new sponge blocks into the annular frame 203, the sponge blocks hanging with slurry fall into the guide frame 10 and then slide into the material bearing frame 403, at the moment, the blower 17 is started to pump air through the air pumping plate 306 to achieve the effect of fixing the sponge blocks at the top of the conveyor belt 305, meanwhile, the pumped air is sprayed out by the exhaust pipe 16 to dry the slurry hanging sponge blocks, and meanwhile, the redundant feed liquid on the surface can drop into the liquid collecting tank 19, and then the material taking process is carried out;
s3, after a certain amount of sponge blocks in the material bearing frame 403 are accumulated, the pulling rod 404 is pulled from the outside to drive the scraper 405 to move rightwards to scrape the sponge blocks to the right side for convenient taking, and meanwhile, after a certain amount of feed liquid is accumulated in the liquid collecting tank 19, the water pump 13 is started to re-pump the feed liquid into the raw material tank 5 through the material pipe 14 for use.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. Mullite foamed ceramic preparation equipment, including construction table (1), slurry hanging mechanism (2), feed mechanism (3) and hold material mechanism (4), its characterized in that: the slurry hanging mechanism (2) is arranged on the left side of the top of the construction platform (1), the feeding mechanism (3) is arranged on the top of the construction platform (1), and the material bearing mechanism (4) is arranged in the construction platform (1).
2. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 1 wherein: the left side at the top of the construction table (1) is provided with a raw material pool (5), the slurry hanging mechanism (2) comprises a top plate (201), the top plate (201) is arranged at the left side at the upper part of the construction table (1) through a bracket, the front part and the rear part of the top plate (201) are fixedly connected with a hydraulic column (202) through a bracket, the bottom end of the hydraulic column (202) is fixedly connected with an annular frame (203) matched with the raw material pool (5), the right side of the annular frame (203) is provided with a discharge port (204), the top of the annular frame (203) is rotatably connected with a butt joint rod (205) through the bracket, the bottom end of the butt joint rod (205) extends to the bottom of the annular frame (203), the top end of the butt joint rod (205) is provided with a butt joint groove (206), the top of the top plate (201) between the two hydraulic columns (202) is fixedly connected with a first motor (207) through the bracket, the output shaft of the first motor (207) is fixedly connected with an annular frame (203) matched with the butt joint groove (208) through a coupler (208), and the bottom end of the butt joint rod (208) extends to the bottom of the top plate (201);
the periphery of the bottom of the annular frame (203) is provided with an annular opening (209), the bottom end of the butt joint rod (205) is fixedly connected with a linkage rod (210) which is matched with the annular opening (209), the linkage rods (210) are in annular equidistant arrangement, one end of the linkage rod (210) far away from the butt joint rod (205) extends to the inside of the annular frame (203) through the annular opening (209), and one end of the linkage rod (210) extending to the inside of the annular frame (203) is fixedly connected with a baffle plate (211);
arc lid (212) has been placed to the front side at discharge gate (204) top, and arc lid (212) are through support and close gangbar (210) fixed connection, be connected with extrusion section of thick bamboo (213) through the bearing piece rotation between the front portion and the rear portion of annular frame (203) inner chamber, and extrusion section of thick bamboo (213) are located the rear portion of discharge gate (204).
3. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 1 wherein: feed mechanism (3) are including carriage (301), and carriage (301) install in the front side at construction table (1) top, both sides between carriage (301) inner chamber front portion and the rear portion all are connected with dwang (302) through the bearing piece rotation, the fixed surface of dwang (302) is connected with belt section of thick bamboo (304), two through conveyer belt (305) transmission connection between belt section of thick bamboo (304), carriage (301) rear portion's right side is through support fixedly connected with second motor (303), right side the rear end of dwang (302) runs through carriage (301) and through the output shaft fixed connection of shaft coupling and second motor (303).
4. A mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the front side of carriage (301) inner chamber just is located inboard fixedly connected with air extraction plate (306) of conveyer belt (305), and the rear portion of air extraction plate (306) runs through carriage (301) and extends to the rear portion of carriage (301), the rear portion intercommunication of air extraction plate (306) has air duct (308), and air duct (308) are provided with a plurality of, the left side fixedly connected with of carriage (301) and conveyer belt (305) guide plate (307) of cooperateing and using.
5. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 1 wherein: the right side of construction table (1) has seted up and has got silo (6), hold material mechanism (4) including slide rail (401) and slide rail (401) are provided with two, two slide rail (401) are installed respectively in the front portion and the rear portion of getting material groove (6) inner chamber, the inside slidable mounting of slide rail (401) has draw runner (402), two fixedly connected with holds material frame (403) between draw runner (402).
6. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 5 wherein: the front portion and the rear portion on the right side of the material bearing frame (403) are provided with pulling rods (404) through opening sliding, the left ends of the pulling rods (404) extend to the inside of the material bearing frame (403), scraping plates (405) are fixedly connected between one ends of the two pulling rods (404) extending to the material bearing frame (403), and clamping ports (406) are formed in the front portion and the rear portion of the top of the material bearing frame (403).
7. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 6 wherein: the front portion and the rear portion on the right side of the construction table (1) are respectively connected with a rotating handle (407) through bearing parts in a rotating mode, two opposite sides of the rotating handles (407) are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting strip (408) matched with the clamping connector (406), and a liquid collecting groove (19) is formed in the bottom of an inner cavity of the material taking groove (6).
8. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 5 wherein: recovery groove (7) that are linked together with getting material groove (6) have been seted up in the left side of raw materials pond (5) inner chamber, the bottom fixedly connected with draw runner plate (8) of recovery groove (7) inner chamber, the inside slidable mounting of draw runner plate (8) has slider (9), the top fixedly connected with guide frame (10) of slider (9), and guide frame (10) the equal fixedly connected with in the right side of front portion and rear portion guide plate (11) that cooperatees with annular frame (203) and use, the left side fixedly connected with spring (12) of guide plate (11), and the left end of spring (12) and the inner wall fixed connection of recovery groove (7).
9. The mullite ceramic foam preparation apparatus of claim 4 wherein: the utility model discloses a construction platform, including construction platform (1), air-out tube (18), air pump (13) are connected with air inlet connection, air-out tube (18) are connected with air inlet connection, air-out tube (16) are connected with air-out tube (16) in the rear portion fixedly connected with air-blower (17) at construction platform (1) top, the one end and the inlet of air-conveying pipe (308) all are connected with material pipe (14), the right side material pipe (14) run through construction platform (1) and extend to the inside of liquid collecting tank (19), the one end of material pipe (14) runs through construction platform (1) and extends to the inside of raw materials pond (5).
10. A preparation process of mullite foamed ceramic is characterized in that: the method specifically comprises the following steps:
s1, firstly, a preparation procedure is carried out when foam ceramic preparation is carried out, firstly, an annular frame (203) is pulled out of a raw material pool (5) through a hydraulic column (202) in an integral way, then raw material liquid formed by mixing mullite powder and other raw materials is poured into the raw material pool (5), then a material bearing frame (403) is inserted into the inner side of a sliding rail (401) through a sliding bar (402) and pushed into the inner side of a material taking groove (6), then the annular frame (203) is lowered to the inner side of the raw material pool (5) through the hydraulic column (202), then a first motor (207) drives a docking rod (205) to rotate, a plurality of linkage rods (210) are driven to rotate simultaneously when the docking rod (205) rotates, at the moment, a baffle plate (211) and an arc cover (212) also rotate together, a second motor (303) is started to drive a conveying belt (305) to drive a sponge block at the top to move through two belt drums (304), meanwhile, a blower (17) is started to suck an air suction plate (306) through an air conveying pipe (308), the sponge block can be slowly moved to the inner side of the annular frame (203) when the conveying belt (305) moves to the sponge block can be sequentially moved to the annular frame (203) to the inner side of the annular frame (203) to be placed into the annular frame (203) in a certain position, the sponge blocks are separated by a plurality of baffles (211), the second motor (303) stops starting when the arc-shaped cover (212) rotates for one circle to the position above the discharge hole (204), at the moment, the arc-shaped cover (212) continues to rotate until reset, and then a sponge slurry hanging process is carried out;
s2, after the sponge block is placed in the annular frame (203), starting the hydraulic column (202) to push the annular frame (203) to descend until the annular frame (203) is wholly and completely soaked in the feed liquid, in the process, the annular frame (203) firstly touches the guide plate (11) when descending, the guide plate (11) pushes the material guiding frame (10) to the inside of the recovery groove (7) through the sliding of the sliding groove plate (8) through the self-inclination, the descending of the annular frame (203) is not blocked, then, after the sponge block fully absorbs the feed liquid between one end of the rest, starting the hydraulic column (202) again to pull the annular frame (203) upwards until the butt joint groove (206) is in butt joint with the butt joint head (208), in the process, the material guiding frame (10) is pushed into the recovery groove (7) firstly, the annular frame (203) is pushed out again through the spring (12) after rising, the butt joint groove (206) and the butt joint (208) are connected, the first motor (207) is started to drive the butt joint rod (205) to rotate through the butt joint (208), the butt joint rod (205) drives the baffle plates (211) to rotate clockwise when rotating, the sponge block in the annular frame (203) is pushed to the discharge hole (204) to move, the extrusion cylinder (213) extrudes redundant feed liquid in the sponge block in the pushing process, then the sponge block falls into the material guiding frame (10) along the discharging hole (204) under pushing, in the process, the second motor (303) is started again to throw a new sponge block into the annular frame (203), the sponge block hung with slurry falls into the material guiding frame (10) and then falls into the material supporting frame (403), at the moment, the blower (17) is started to suck air through the air suction plate (306) to achieve the effect of fixing the sponge block at the top of the conveyor belt (305), meanwhile, the sucked air is sprayed out by the exhaust pipe (16) to dry the slurry hanging sponge block, meanwhile, the excessive feed liquid on the surface can drop into the liquid collecting groove (19), and then the material taking procedure is carried out;
s3, after a certain amount of sponge blocks in the material bearing frame (403) are accumulated, the pulling rod (404) is pulled from the outside to drive the scraping plate (405) to move rightwards so as to scrape the sponge blocks to the right side for convenient taking, and meanwhile, after a certain amount of feed liquid is accumulated in the liquid collecting tank (19), the water pump (13) is started to pump the feed liquid into the raw material tank (5) again through the material pipe (14) for use.
CN202211623254.XA 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment Active CN116214723B (en)

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