CN113442262A - Processing technology and processing system of foamed ceramic filter - Google Patents

Processing technology and processing system of foamed ceramic filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113442262A
CN113442262A CN202110690802.XA CN202110690802A CN113442262A CN 113442262 A CN113442262 A CN 113442262A CN 202110690802 A CN202110690802 A CN 202110690802A CN 113442262 A CN113442262 A CN 113442262A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
groups
box
polyurethane sponge
top end
filter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202110690802.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂成波
姜金胜
聂新蓉
刘利圣
聂磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Weifang Rongjie Foundry Materials Co ltd
Original Assignee
Weifang Rongjie Foundry Materials Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110690802.XA priority Critical patent/CN113442262A/en
Publication of CN113442262A publication Critical patent/CN113442262A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/26Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D39/00Filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D39/14Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material
    • B01D39/20Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material of inorganic material, e.g. asbestos paper, metallic filtering material of non-woven wires
    • B01D39/2068Other inorganic materials, e.g. ceramics
    • B01D39/2093Ceramic foam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/547Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a wire-like cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/086Electric, magnetic, piezoelectric, electro-magnetic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/02Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0625Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by endless conveyors, e.g. belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/26Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor
    • B28B1/261Moulds therefor
    • B28B1/262Mould materials; Manufacture of moulds or parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/26Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor
    • B28B1/268Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor by dipping moulding surfaces in the slip
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/24Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for curing, setting or hardening
    • B28B11/243Setting, e.g. drying, dehydrating or firing ceramic articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/04Exhausting or laying dust
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C3/00Apparatus or methods for mixing clay with other substances

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of ceramic filter plate production, in particular to a processing technology and a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter plate, which improve the continuity of equipment, reduce the contact between workers and raw materials, reduce the emission of waste gas and dust of the equipment and reduce the influence of the equipment on the health of the workers and the surrounding environment; the process flow comprises the following steps: cutting, pulping, soaking, drying, shaping and sintering.

Description

Processing technology and processing system of foamed ceramic filter
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of ceramic filter plate production, in particular to a processing technology and a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter plate.
Background
The foamed ceramic filter plate is also called as a foamed ceramic filter, and the silicon carbide has excellent strength, high-temperature impact resistance and chemical corrosion resistance. Can resist high temperature of about 1560 ℃. They are therefore suitable for the casting of all copper alloys and cast irons. The foamed ceramic filter can obviously improve the quality of cast iron parts and reduce the rejection rate, can be used in a continuous casting and rolling process, and can be manufactured into all standard sizes and different thicknesses. The existing production process flow of the foamed ceramic filter is simple, the continuity between equipment is poor, in the production process, workers are in more contact with raw materials, the corrosivity of the raw materials is high, the influence on the health of the workers is easily caused, in the production process, after sponge is soaked in slurry, long-time natural drying and sintering are needed, the production speed is slow, and the direct emission of dust and smoke generated in the process of pulping and sintering has a large influence on the surrounding environment, so that the processing process and the processing system of the foamed ceramic filter are needed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a processing technology and a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter plate, which improve the continuity of equipment, reduce the contact between workers and raw materials, reduce the emission of waste gas and dust of the equipment and reduce the influence of the equipment on the health of the workers and the surrounding environment.
The invention relates to a processing technology of a foamed ceramic filter, which comprises the following steps:
cutting: shearing the polyurethane sponge into a certain shape by a cutting device according to the process requirement;
pulping: adding a proper amount of water into the pulping device, then adding silicon carbide and zirconium oxide, uniformly stirring to form slurry, and enabling the consistency and the fluidity of the slurry to be optimal conditions;
slurry soaking: pouring the slurry into a slurry dipping device, and dipping the polyurethane sponge into the slurry to enable the slurry to enter pores of the sponge;
drying and shaping: sending the soaked polyurethane sponge into a drying device, removing water in the soaked polyurethane sponge to dry and shape the soaked polyurethane sponge, and heating the soaked polyurethane sponge by using liquefied gas as fuel by using the drying device;
and (3) sintering: and (3) drying and shaping, then sintering in a sintering furnace, and obtaining the finished product of the foamed ceramic filter plate after sintering, wherein the polyurethane sponge is decomposed into H2O, CO2 and N2 at high temperature in the sintering process.
The invention relates to a processing technology and a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter plate, which comprises a cutting device, a pulping device, a pulp soaking device, a drying device and a sintering furnace;
the cutting device comprises a supporting table, a first supporting frame, a second conveying belt, two groups of pressing shafts, two groups of side plates, two groups of first conveying shafts, two groups of second conveying shafts, two groups of cutting lines and two groups of second driving motors, wherein the supporting table is arranged on a working surface, the bottom ends of the first supporting frame and the second conveying belt are connected with the top end of the supporting table, the second conveying belt is positioned below the first supporting frame, the top ends of the two groups of pressing shafts are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame, the top ends of the two groups of side plates are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame, the bottom ends of the two groups of side plates are connected with the top end of the supporting table, the two groups of first conveying shafts and the two groups of second conveying shafts are respectively connected with one ends of the two groups of side plates, the two groups of cutting lines are respectively sleeved on the surfaces of the two groups of first conveying shafts and the two groups of second conveying shafts, and the bottom ends of the two groups of second driving motors are respectively connected with one ends of the two groups of side plates, the other ends of the two groups of second driving motors are respectively in transmission connection with the two groups of first transmission shafts;
the polyurethane sponge is placed at the top end of a second conveyor belt, the polyurethane sponge is conveyed from left to right through the second conveyor belt, the polyurethane sponge is pressed and limited through two groups of pressing shafts, then two groups of second driving motors are started, two groups of first transmission shafts and two groups of second transmission shafts drive cutting lines to rotate, and the polyurethane sponge is cut and cut through the rotating cutting lines;
the invention relates to a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter plate, which comprises a support frame, a stirring bin, a feeding pipe, a discharge valve, two groups of third driving motors and two groups of stirring shafts, wherein the stirring bin is arranged above a slurry soaking device through the support frame;
water, silicon carbide, zirconia and bentonite are distributed into the pulping device through the feeding pipe, two sets of third driving motors are started, two sets of stirring shafts are used for stirring the water, the silicon carbide, the zirconia and the bentonite to form slurry, then the discharge valve is opened, and the slurry is discharged into the slurry soaking device.
Preferably, the pulp soaking device comprises a storage box and a plurality of groups of conveying rollers, the side ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers are connected with the inner wall of the storage box, and the front ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers are respectively connected with the rear ends of the plurality of groups of first driving motors;
polyurethane sponge is placed between a plurality of groups of conveying rollers and the inner wall of a material storage box, a plurality of groups of conveying rollers are driven to rotate through a plurality of groups of first driving motors, and the polyurethane sponge is conveyed from left to right, so that the polyurethane sponge is soaked in slurry;
preferably, the drying device comprises a workbench, a first transmission belt, a drying box, a first transmission belt and a plurality of groups of heating elements, the bottom end of the drying box is connected with the top end of the workbench, the left end of the drying box is provided with a feeding hole, the right end of the drying box is provided with a discharging hole, the bottom end of the first transmission belt is connected with the top end of the workbench, the first transmission belt is positioned inside the drying box, and the side ends of the plurality of groups of heating elements are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the drying box;
preferably, the pulping device is provided with a dust removal device, the dust removal device comprises a filter box, a plurality of groups of cloth bags, a fixing plate, a dust collector and a first dust collection frame, a first exhaust cylinder is arranged at the top end of the filter box, the plurality of groups of cloth bags are connected with the inner wall of the filter box through the fixing plate, the top end of the dust collector is connected with the bottom end of the filter box, an air suction port is arranged at the bottom end of the dust collector, an exhaust port is arranged at the top end of the dust collector, the exhaust port of the dust collector is communicated with the inside of the filter box, and the top end of the first dust collection frame is connected with the air suction port of the dust collector;
the dust collector is opened, the dust flying out of the pulping device is sucked into the filter box through the first dust collection frame, the dust in the filter box is filtered through a plurality of groups of cloth bags, and the gas in the filter box is discharged through the first gas exhaust tube at the top end of the filter box;
preferably, the sintering furnace is provided with a flue gas purification device, the flue gas purification device comprises a combustion box, burners, second exhaust pipes and filter screens, the bottom end of the combustion box is communicated with the inside of the sintering furnace, the side ends of the two groups of burners are connected with the side wall in the combustion box, the side ends of the two groups of burners are provided with fire nozzles, the bottom end of the second exhaust pipe is connected with the top end of the combustion box, the second exhaust pipes are communicated with the inside of the combustion box, and the side ends of the multiple groups of filter screens are connected with the inner wall of the second exhaust pipe;
flue gas generated in the sintering process enters the combustion box, secondary combustion is carried out on the flue gas in the combustion box through the two groups of combustors, the flue gas is discharged through the second exhaust funnel after being filtered by the multiple groups of filter screens, and then a sintered finished product is discharged through the sintering furnace. The invention relates to a processing technology and a processing system of a foamed ceramic filter sheet, and the processing technology and the processing system further comprise a purification box, a plurality of groups of activated carbon adsorption plates, two groups of air pumps and two groups of second air suction frames, wherein the bottom end of the purification box is connected with the top end of a drying box, the top end of each activated carbon adsorption plate is provided with a second exhaust barrel, the side ends of the two groups of air pumps are respectively connected with the left end and the right end of the purification box, the side ends of the two groups of air pumps are respectively provided with a discharge port, the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps are respectively provided with a suction port, the discharge ports of the two groups of air pumps are respectively communicated with the interior of the purification box, the top ends of the two groups of second air suction frames are respectively connected with the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps, and the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps extend into the interior of the drying box from the top end of the drying box.
Preferably, still include the purifying box, the multiunit active carbon adsorption plate, two sets of air pumps and two sets of second frame of inhaling, the bottom of purifying box is connected with the top of stoving case, and the top of active carbon adsorption plate is provided with the second aiutage, the side of two sets of air pumps is connected with the left end and the right-hand member of purifying box respectively, and the side of two sets of air pumps all is provided with the discharge port, the bottom of two sets of air pumps all is provided with the sunction inlet, the discharge port of two sets of air pumps all communicates with each other with the inside of purifying box, the top of two sets of second frame of inhaling is connected with the bottom of two sets of air pumps respectively, the bottom of two sets of air pumps stretches into the inside of stoving case by the top of stoving case.
Preferably, still include fourth driving motor, spiral blowdown axle and blowoff valve, fourth driving motor installs in the left end of rose box, and the right-hand member of fourth driving motor runs through the left end of rose box and is connected with the left end of spiral blowdown axle, and the left end of blowoff valve is connected with the right-hand member bottom of rose box.
Preferably, still include two sets of guide blocks and two sets of waste bins, the bottom of two sets of guide blocks all is connected with the top of a supporting bench, and the one end of two sets of waste bins is connected with the front end and the rear end of a supporting bench respectively to the top of two sets of waste bins all is provided with and connects the material mouth.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the continuity of improve equipment reduces the contact of staff and raw materials, reduces the emission of equipment waste gas and dust, reduces the influence of equipment to staff healthy and surrounding environment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the process flow structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the cutting device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged top view of the guide block of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged front sectional view of the pulping apparatus and the dust removing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the slurry dipping apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged front sectional view of the drying device and the purifying box according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged front sectional view of the flue gas cleaning apparatus according to the present invention;
in the drawings, the reference numbers: 1. a working surface; 7. a dust removal device; 8. a flue gas purification device; 9. a work table; 10. a drying box; 11. a first conveyor belt; 12. a heating element; 13. a combustion box; 14. a burner; 15. a second exhaust funnel; 16. filtering with a screen; 17. a filter box; 18. a cloth bag; 19. a fixing plate; 20. a vacuum cleaner; 21. a first dust-absorbing frame; 22. a first drive motor; 23. a purification box; 24. an activated carbon adsorption plate; 25. an air pump; 26. a second air suction frame; 27. a support table; 28. a first support frame; 29. a second conveyor belt; 30. pressing the shaft; 31. a side plate; 32. a first drive shaft; 33. a second drive shaft; 34. cutting a line; 35. a second drive motor; 36. a second support frame; 37. a stirring bin; 38. a feed pipe; 39. a discharge valve; 40. a third drive motor; 41. a stirring shaft; 42. a material storage box; 43. a conveying roller; 44. a fourth drive motor; 45. a spiral sewage draining shaft; 46. a blowoff valve; 47. a guide block; 48. a waste bin.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of embodiments of the present invention is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the process for manufacturing a ceramic foam filter of the present invention comprises the following steps:
cutting: shearing the polyurethane sponge into a certain shape by a cutting device according to the process requirement;
pulping: adding a proper amount of water into the pulping device, then adding silicon carbide and zirconium oxide, uniformly stirring to form slurry, and enabling the consistency and the fluidity of the slurry to be optimal conditions;
slurry soaking: pouring the slurry into a slurry dipping device, and dipping the polyurethane sponge into the slurry to enable the slurry to enter pores of the sponge;
drying and shaping: sending the soaked polyurethane sponge into a drying device, removing water in the soaked polyurethane sponge to dry and shape the soaked polyurethane sponge, and heating the soaked polyurethane sponge by using liquefied gas as fuel by using the drying device;
and (3) sintering: and (3) drying and shaping, then sintering in a sintering furnace, and obtaining the finished product of the foamed ceramic filter plate after sintering, wherein the polyurethane sponge is decomposed into H2O, CO2 and N2 at high temperature in the sintering process.
In the specific embodiment of the invention, the processing system of the foamed ceramic filter plate comprises a cutting device, a pulping device, a pulp soaking device, a drying device and a sintering furnace which are arranged;
the cutting device comprises a supporting table 27, a first supporting frame 28, a second conveying belt 29, two groups of pressing shafts 30, two groups of side plates 31, two groups of first transmission shafts 32, two groups of second transmission shafts 33, two groups of cutting lines 34 and two groups of second driving motors 35, wherein the supporting table 27 is arranged on a working surface 1, the bottom ends of the first supporting frame 28 and the second conveying belt 29 are connected with the top end of the supporting table 27, the second conveying belt 29 is positioned below the first supporting frame 28, the top ends of the two groups of pressing shafts 30 are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame 28, the top ends of the two groups of side plates 31 are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame 28, the bottom ends of the two groups of side plates 31 are connected with the top end of the supporting table 27, the two groups of first transmission shafts 32 and the two groups of second transmission shafts 33 are respectively connected with one end of the two groups of side plates 31, the two groups of cutting lines 34 are respectively sleeved on the surfaces of the two groups of first transmission shafts 32 and the two groups of second transmission shafts 33, the bottom ends of the two groups of second driving motors 35 are respectively connected with one ends of the two groups of side plates 31, and the other ends of the two groups of second driving motors 35 are respectively in transmission connection with the two groups of first transmission shafts 32;
through putting the polyurethane sponge to the top of second conveyer belt 29, carry the polyurethane sponge from left to right through second conveyer belt 29, it is spacing to suppress the polyurethane sponge through two sets of suppression axles 30, later open two sets of second driving motor 35, make two sets of first transmission shafts 32 and two sets of second transmission shafts 33 drive line of cut 34 and rotate, cut out the cutting to the polyurethane sponge through pivoted line of cut 34.
Wherein, slurrying device includes support frame 36, stirring storehouse 37, the inlet pipe 38, the blow-off valve 39, two sets of third driving motor 40 and two sets of (mixing) shaft 41, stirring storehouse 37 is installed in the top that soaks the thick liquid device through support frame 36, the inside of stirring storehouse 37 is provided with the cavity, the bottom of stirring storehouse 37 is provided with the bin outlet, the top of stirring storehouse 37 is provided with the feed inlet, the bottom of inlet pipe 38 is connected with the top of stirring storehouse 37 feed inlet, the top of blow-off valve 39 is connected with the bottom of stirring storehouse 37 bin outlet, the side of two sets of third driving motor 40 is connected with the top of stirring storehouse 37 through two sets of backup pads respectively, the bottom of two sets of third driving motor 40 is stretched into the inside of stirring storehouse 37 by the top of stirring storehouse 37, the top of two sets of (mixing) shaft 41 is connected with the bottom of two sets of third driving motor 40 respectively.
Water, silicon carbide, zirconium oxide and bentonite are distributed into the pulping device through the feeding pipe 38, two groups of third driving motors 40 are started, two groups of stirring shafts 41 are used for stirring the water, the silicon carbide, the zirconium oxide and the bentonite to form slurry, and then the discharge valve 39 is opened to discharge the slurry into the slurry soaking device.
The pulp soaking device comprises a storage box 42 and a plurality of groups of conveying rollers 43, the side ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers 43 are connected with the inner wall of the storage box 42, and the front ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers 43 are respectively connected with the rear ends of the plurality of groups of first driving motors 22; through putting into polyurethane sponge between the inner wall of multiunit transfer roller 43 and storage case 42, drive multiunit transfer roller 43 through the first driving motor 22 of multiunit and rotate, carry polyurethane sponge from left to right, make polyurethane sponge soak thick liquid.
In the embodiment of the invention, the drying device comprises a workbench 9, a first transmission belt 11, a drying box 10, a first transmission belt 11 and a plurality of groups of heating elements 12, wherein the bottom end of the drying box 10 is connected with the top end of the workbench 9, the left end of the drying box 10 is provided with a feeding hole, the right end of the drying box 10 is provided with a discharging hole, the bottom end of the first transmission belt 11 is connected with the top end of the workbench 9, the first transmission belt 11 is positioned in the drying box 10, and the side ends of the plurality of groups of heating elements 12 are all fixedly connected with the inner wall of the drying box 10.
In the embodiment of the invention, the pulping device is provided with the dust removing device 7, the dust removing device 7 comprises a filter box 17, a plurality of groups of cloth bags 18, a fixing plate 19, a dust collector 20 and a first dust collecting frame 21, a first exhaust cylinder is arranged at the top end of the filter box 17, the plurality of groups of cloth bags 18 are connected with the inner wall of the filter box 17 through the fixing plate 19, the top end of the dust collector 20 is connected with the bottom end of the filter box 17, an air suction port is arranged at the bottom end of the dust collector 20, an exhaust port is arranged at the top end of the dust collector 20, the exhaust port of the dust collector 20 is communicated with the inside of the filter box 17, and the top end of the first dust collecting frame 21 is connected with the air suction port of the dust collector 20; when the dust collector 20 is opened, the dust flying out of the pulping device 3 is sucked into the filter box 17 through the first dust collection frame 21, the dust in the filter box 17 is filtered through the plurality of groups of cloth bags 18, and the gas in the filter box 17 is exhausted through the first exhaust cylinder at the top end of the filter box 17.
Preferably, in the embodiment of the present invention, the sintering furnace is provided with a flue gas purification device 8, the flue gas purification device 8 comprises a combustion box 13, burners 14, a second exhaust funnel 15 and a filter screen 16, the bottom end of the combustion box 13 is communicated with the interior of the sintering furnace 6, the side ends of two groups of burners 14 are connected with the side wall in the combustion box 13, the side ends of two groups of burners 14 are provided with fire nozzles, the bottom end of the second exhaust funnel 15 is connected with the top end of the combustion box 13, the second exhaust funnel 15 is communicated with the interior of the combustion box 13, and the side ends of multiple groups of filter screens 16 are connected with the inner wall of the second exhaust funnel 15; flue gas generated in the sintering process enters the combustion box 13, secondary combustion is carried out on the flue gas in the combustion box 13 through the two groups of combustors 14, the flue gas is discharged through the second exhaust funnel 15 after being filtered by the multiple groups of filter screens 16, and then a sintered finished product is discharged through the sintering furnace 6.
In the embodiment of the invention, the processing system of the foamed ceramic filter sheet further comprises a purification box 23, a plurality of groups of activated carbon adsorption plates 24, two groups of air pumps 25 and two groups of second air suction frames 26, wherein the bottom end of the purification box 23 is connected with the top end of the drying box 10, the top end of the activated carbon adsorption plate 24 is provided with a second exhaust barrel, the side ends of the two groups of air pumps 25 are respectively connected with the left end and the right end of the purification box 23, the side ends of the two groups of air pumps 25 are respectively provided with a discharge port, the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps 25 are respectively provided with a suction port, the discharge ports of the two groups of air pumps 25 are respectively communicated with the interior of the purification box 23, the top ends of the two groups of second air suction frames 26 are respectively connected with the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps 25, and the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps 25 extend into the interior of the drying box 10 from the top end of the drying box 10; two sets of air pumps 25 are opened, and the waste gas that produces when drying device 5 dries the polyurethane sponge after soaking the thick liquid is discharged to the inside of purifying box 23 to filter and adsorb the waste gas in purifying box 23 through multiunit active carbon adsorption plate 24, thereby improve equipment's feature of environmental protection.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the processing system of the foamed ceramic filter further comprises a fourth driving motor 44, a spiral blowdown shaft 45 and a blowdown valve 46, wherein the fourth driving motor 44 is installed at the left end of the filter tank 17, the right end of the fourth driving motor 44 penetrates through the left end of the filter tank 17 to be connected with the left end of the spiral blowdown shaft 45, and the left end of the blowdown valve 46 is connected with the bottom of the right end of the filter tank 17; the fourth driving motor 44 is turned on to rotate the spiral sewage discharging shaft 45, so that the dust in the filter box 17 is conveyed from left to right, and the dust is discharged and recovered by opening the sewage discharging valve 46, thereby improving the convenience of sewage discharging of the equipment.
The automatic feeding device comprises a support platform 27, two groups of guide blocks 47 and two groups of waste boxes 48, wherein the bottom ends of the two groups of guide blocks 47 are connected with the top end of the support platform 27, one ends of the two groups of waste boxes 48 are connected with the front end and the rear end of the support platform 27 respectively, and the top ends of the two groups of waste boxes 48 are provided with material receiving ports; the waste materials falling from the cut polyurethane sponge are guided by the two groups of guide blocks 47, so that the waste materials enter the two groups of waste material boxes 48, and the convenience of the equipment for recycling the waste materials is improved.
The processing system of the foamed ceramic filter sheet has the advantages that the installation mode, the connection mode or the arrangement mode are common mechanical modes, and the processing system can be implemented as long as the beneficial effects are achieved; the dust collector 20, the two groups of air pumps 25, the two groups of second driving motors 35, the two groups of third driving motors 40 and the fourth driving motors 44 in the processing system of the foamed ceramic filter are purchased from the market, and the technical personnel in the industry only need to install and operate according to the attached operating instructions.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, several modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and variations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The processing technology of the foamed ceramic filter is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
cutting: shearing the polyurethane sponge into a certain shape by a cutting device according to the process requirement;
pulping: adding a proper amount of water into the pulping device, then adding silicon carbide and zirconium oxide, uniformly stirring to form slurry, and enabling the consistency and the fluidity of the slurry to be optimal conditions;
slurry soaking: pouring the slurry into a slurry dipping device, and dipping the polyurethane sponge into the slurry to enable the slurry to enter pores of the sponge;
drying and shaping: sending the soaked polyurethane sponge into a drying device, removing water in the soaked polyurethane sponge to dry and shape the soaked polyurethane sponge, and heating the soaked polyurethane sponge by using liquefied gas as fuel by using the drying device;
and (3) sintering: and (3) drying and shaping, then sintering in a sintering furnace, and obtaining the finished product of the foamed ceramic filter plate after sintering, wherein the polyurethane sponge is decomposed into H2O, CO2 and N2 at high temperature in the sintering process.
2. The utility model provides a system for processing of foamed ceramic filter plate which characterized in that: comprises a cutting device, a pulping device, a pulp soaking device, a drying device and a sintering furnace;
the cutting device comprises a supporting table (27), a first supporting frame (28), a second conveying belt (29), two groups of pressing shafts (30), two groups of side plates (31), two groups of first conveying shafts (32), two groups of second conveying shafts (33), two groups of cutting lines (34) and two groups of second driving motors (35), wherein the supporting table (27) is arranged on a working surface (1), the bottom ends of the first supporting frame (28) and the second conveying belt (29) are connected with the top end of the supporting table (27), the second conveying belt (29) is positioned below the first supporting frame (28), the top ends of the two groups of pressing shafts (30) are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame (28), the top ends of the two groups of side plates (31) are connected with the bottom end of the first supporting frame (28), the bottom ends of the two groups of side plates (31) are connected with the top end of the supporting table (27), the two groups of first conveying shafts (32) and the two groups of second conveying shafts (33) are respectively connected with one end of the two groups of side plates (31), two groups of cutting lines (34) are respectively sleeved on the surfaces of two groups of first transmission shafts (32) and two groups of second transmission shafts (33), the bottom ends of two groups of second driving motors (35) are respectively connected with one ends of two groups of side plates (31), and the other ends of two groups of second driving motors (35) are respectively in transmission connection with the two groups of first transmission shafts (32);
through putting the polyurethane sponge to the top of second conveyer belt (29), carry the polyurethane sponge from left to right through second conveyer belt (29), it is spacing to suppress the polyurethane sponge through two sets of suppression axles (30), later open two sets of second driving motor (35), make two sets of first transmission shaft (32) and two sets of second transmission shaft (33) drive line of cut (34) and rotate, cut the cutting through pivoted line of cut (34) to the polyurethane sponge.
3. The system for processing ceramic foam filter sheets according to claim 2, wherein:
the pulping device comprises a support frame (36), a stirring bin (37), a feeding pipe (38), a discharge valve (39), two groups of third driving motors (40) and two groups of stirring shafts (41), wherein the stirring bin (37) is arranged above the pulping device through the support frame (36), a cavity is arranged inside the stirring bin (37), a discharge hole is formed in the bottom end of the stirring bin (37), a feeding hole is formed in the top end of the stirring bin (37), the bottom end of the feeding pipe (38) is connected with the top end of the feeding hole of the stirring bin (37), the top end of the discharge valve (39) is connected with the bottom end of the discharge hole of the stirring bin (37), the side ends of the two groups of third driving motors (40) are respectively connected with the top end of the stirring bin (37) through two groups of support plates, the top ends of the stirring bins (37) of the two groups of third driving motors (40) extend into the stirring bin (37), the top ends of the two stirring shafts (41) are respectively connected with the bottom ends of the two groups of third driving motors (40);
water, silicon carbide, zirconium oxide and bentonite are distributed into the pulping device through the feeding pipe (38), two groups of third driving motors (40) are started, two groups of stirring shafts (41) are used for stirring the water, the silicon carbide, the zirconium oxide and the bentonite to form slurry, and then a discharge valve (39) is opened to discharge the slurry into the slurry soaking device.
4. The system of claim 3, wherein:
the pulp soaking device comprises a storage box (42) and a plurality of groups of conveying rollers (43), the side ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers (43) are connected with the inner wall of the storage box (42), and the front ends of the plurality of groups of conveying rollers (43) are respectively connected with the rear ends of the plurality of groups of first driving motors (22);
through putting into polyurethane sponge between the inner wall of organizing transfer roller (43) and storage case (42) at most, drive multiunit transfer roller (43) through the first driving motor (22) of multiunit and rotate, carry polyurethane sponge from left to right, make polyurethane sponge soak thick liquid.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein:
drying device includes workstation (9), first drive belt (11), stoving case (10), first drive belt (11) and multiunit heating element (12), the bottom of stoving case (10) is connected with the top of workstation (9), and the left end of stoving case (10) is provided with the feed inlet, the right-hand member of stoving case (10) is provided with the bin outlet, the bottom of first drive belt (11) is connected with the top of workstation (9), and first drive belt (11) are located the inside of stoving case (10), the side of multiunit heating element (12) all with the inner wall fixed connection of stoving case (10).
6. The system for processing ceramic foam filter sheets according to claim 5, wherein:
the pulping device is provided with a dust removal device (7), the dust removal device (7) comprises a filter box (17), a plurality of groups of cloth bags (18), a fixing plate (19), a dust collector (20) and a first dust collection frame (21), a first exhaust cylinder is arranged at the top end of the filter box (17), the plurality of groups of cloth bags (18) are connected with the inner wall of the filter box (17) through the fixing plate (19), the top end of the dust collector (20) is connected with the bottom end of the filter box (17), an air suction port is arranged at the bottom end of the dust collector (20), an exhaust port is arranged at the top end of the dust collector (20), the exhaust port of the dust collector (20) is communicated with the inside of the filter box (17), and the top end of the first dust collection frame (21) is connected with the air suction port of the dust collector (20);
the dust collector (20) is opened, the dust flying out of the pulping device (3) is sucked into the filter box (17) through the first dust collection frame (21), the dust in the filter box (17) is filtered through a plurality of groups of cloth bags (18), and the gas in the filter box (17) is exhausted through the first exhaust cylinder at the top end of the filter box (17).
7. The system of claim 6, wherein:
the sintering furnace is provided with a flue gas purification device (8), the flue gas purification device (8) comprises a combustion box (13), burners (14), a second exhaust funnel (15) and a filter screen (16), the bottom end of the combustion box (13) is communicated with the inside of the sintering furnace (6), the side ends of two groups of burners (14) are connected with the inner side wall of the combustion box (13), the side ends of the two groups of burners (14) are provided with fire nozzles, the bottom end of the second exhaust funnel (15) is connected with the top end of the combustion box (13), the second exhaust funnel (15) is communicated with the inside of the combustion box (13), and the side ends of multiple groups of filter screens (16) are connected with the inner wall of the second exhaust funnel (15);
flue gas generated in the sintering process enters the combustion box (13), secondary combustion is carried out on the flue gas in the combustion box (13) through the two groups of combustors (14), the flue gas is discharged through the second exhaust funnel (15) after being filtered by the multiple groups of filter screens (16), and then a sintered finished product is discharged through the sintering furnace (6).
8. The processing system of the foamed ceramic filter plate according to claim 7, further comprising a purifying box (23), a plurality of groups of activated carbon adsorption plates (24), two groups of air pumps (25) and two groups of second air suction frames (26), wherein the bottom end of the purifying box (23) is connected with the top end of the drying box (10), and the top end of the activated carbon adsorption plate (24) is provided with a second exhaust funnel, the side ends of the two groups of air pumps (25) are respectively connected with the left end and the right end of the purification box (23), and the side ends of the two groups of air pumps (25) are respectively provided with a discharge port, the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps (25) are respectively provided with a suction port, the discharge ports of the two groups of air pumps (25) are respectively communicated with the inside of the purifying box (23), the top ends of the two groups of second air suction frames (26) are respectively connected with the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps (25), and the bottom ends of the two groups of air pumps (25) are respectively extended into the inside of the drying box (10) from the top end of the drying box (10).
9. The processing system of the foamed ceramic filter plate as claimed in claim 8, further comprising a fourth driving motor (44), a spiral sewage discharging shaft (45) and a sewage discharging valve (46), wherein the fourth driving motor (44) is installed at the left end of the filter box (17), the right end of the fourth driving motor (44) penetrates through the left end of the filter box (17) and is connected with the left end of the spiral sewage discharging shaft (45), and the left end of the sewage discharging valve (46) is connected with the bottom of the right end of the filter box (17).
10. The system for processing the foamed ceramic filter plate according to claim 9, further comprising two sets of guide blocks (47) and two sets of waste bins (48), wherein the bottom ends of the two sets of guide blocks (47) are connected with the top end of the support platform (27), one ends of the two sets of waste bins (48) are respectively connected with the front end and the rear end of the support platform (27), and the top ends of the two sets of waste bins (48) are provided with material receiving ports.
CN202110690802.XA 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 Processing technology and processing system of foamed ceramic filter Withdrawn CN113442262A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110690802.XA CN113442262A (en) 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 Processing technology and processing system of foamed ceramic filter

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116214723A (en) * 2022-12-16 2023-06-06 宜兴市华瑞铸造材料有限公司 Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment
CN117325284A (en) * 2023-11-30 2024-01-02 东台施迈尔新材料科技有限公司 Shaping device for alumina ceramic production

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116214723A (en) * 2022-12-16 2023-06-06 宜兴市华瑞铸造材料有限公司 Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment
CN116214723B (en) * 2022-12-16 2023-11-03 怀仁市理思新材料科技股份有限公司 Mullite foamed ceramic preparation process and equipment
CN117325284A (en) * 2023-11-30 2024-01-02 东台施迈尔新材料科技有限公司 Shaping device for alumina ceramic production
CN117325284B (en) * 2023-11-30 2024-03-22 东台施迈尔新材料科技有限公司 Shaping device for alumina ceramic production

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Application publication date: 20210928