CN115569564B - Automatic material mixing pot capable of automatically discharging culture materials - Google Patents

Automatic material mixing pot capable of automatically discharging culture materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115569564B
CN115569564B CN202211560112.3A CN202211560112A CN115569564B CN 115569564 B CN115569564 B CN 115569564B CN 202211560112 A CN202211560112 A CN 202211560112A CN 115569564 B CN115569564 B CN 115569564B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
fixedly connected
shell
barrel
water
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CN202211560112.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115569564A (en
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马洪芳
刘恩辉
萧智鸿
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Zhongyan Mushroom Industry Tianjin Co ltd
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Zhongyan Mushroom Industry Tianjin Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • B01F27/906Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms  with fixed axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/05Stirrers
    • B01F27/11Stirrers characterised by the configuration of the stirrers
    • B01F27/19Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis
    • B01F27/191Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis with similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/21Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders characterised by their rotating shafts
    • B01F27/2122Hollow shafts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/21Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders characterised by their rotating shafts
    • B01F27/2123Shafts with both stirring means and feeding or discharging means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/808Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with stirrers driven from the bottom of the receptacle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/21Measuring
    • B01F35/2135Humidity, e.g. moisture content
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/712Feed mechanisms for feeding fluids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of culture material preparation and stirring, in particular to an automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging, which comprises a stirring barrel, wherein the top of the stirring barrel is fixedly connected with a barrel cover, the top of the barrel cover is fixedly connected with a feeding pipe communicated with the inside of the stirring barrel, and the upper end of the feeding pipe is in threaded connection with a pipe cover; when the water spraying induction mechanism detects that the wettability of the materials at the position is insufficient, the water spraying induction mechanism can automatically drain the water inside the annular shell into the first cylinder at the corresponding position, so that the concentrated water adding treatment of the materials at the position is realized, and the wettability of the position is improved.

Description

Automatic material mixing pot capable of automatically discharging culture materials
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of culture material preparation and stirring, in particular to an automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging.
Background
The culture material is a culture material for culturing fungi, and is prepared by adding water into rice bran, corncob, bran and gypsum, stirring and mixing, and the conventional fungus culture material is indispensable to stir and mix various half raw materials in the processing process.
The prior art discloses some about the chinese patent document of culture material processing, application number 201920519750.8 discloses a edulcoration fungus formula domestic fungus culture material agitating unit's patent, including the agitator tank, two feed inlets have been seted up on the roof of agitator tank, the fixed baffle that is equipped with in roof center department of agitator tank, the baffle is hollow structure and lower extreme unsettled, still is equipped with the center pin in the agitator tank, the upper portion activity of center pin wears to establish in the baffle, and the top of center pin links to each other with the first motor that sets up at the agitator tank roof.
Different materials are put together and add the stirring that mixes through agitated vessel behind appropriate amount of water and form the culture material, thereby current agitated vessel is after the stirring is accomplished, and the wettability of different levels of culture material is not convenient for in time detect, causes the wettability of the inside different positions of culture material different easily to influence the result of use of culture material later stage self, consequently need design one kind and conveniently detect the wettability of different levels in the culture material in step after the primary stirring is accomplished, and carry out the water treatment of adding to required position automatically according to the testing result.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art, and provides an automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an automatic feed mixing pot of cultivation material that can automatic unloading, includes a mixing feed cylinder, the top fixedly connected with cover of mixing feed cylinder, the top fixedly connected with of cover with mix the inside communicating inlet pipe of feed cylinder, the upper end screw thread of inlet pipe is connected with the tube cap, the mounting hole has been seted up at the top of cover, rotate on the inner wall of mounting hole and be connected with the blank, install rotary driving mechanism between the blank and the mixing feed cylinder, rotary driving mechanism is used for driving the blank and rotates, mix the inside bottom surface of feed cylinder with be equipped with upwards transport mechanism jointly between the rotary driving mechanism, upwards transport mechanism is used for upwards drainage of material, the bottom symmetry fixed intercommunication of blank has first connecting pipe, two the lower extreme of first connecting pipe is fixed intercommunication jointly and is had the annular shell, the fixed intercommunication of surface of annular shell has four first drums, four first drums dislocation distribution;
the top of empty shell is equipped with water supply mechanism, water supply mechanism is used for right inside the empty shell is supplied water, four first drum all with be equipped with water spray induction mechanism between the annular shell, water spray induction mechanism senses when the different positions wettability in the material is insufficient, realizes automatically that this position carries out water spray treatment, mix the bottom fixed mounting of feed cylinder with mix the discharge valve that feed cylinder inside is linked together.
Preferably, the rotary driving mechanism comprises a motor, the motor is fixedly connected to the bottom of the mixing barrel, the end part of an output shaft of the motor penetrates through the mixing barrel and extends to the inside of the mixing barrel, a rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the end part of the output shaft, and the upper end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the bottom of the empty shell.
Preferably, the upward transmission mechanism comprises four fixed columns, helical blades and an oblique drainage cover, wherein the four fixed columns are fixedly connected to the inner bottom surface of the mixing cylinder, the four fixed columns are fixedly connected with a second cylinder with a downward cylinder opening at the top, four discharge openings are formed in the upper surface of the second cylinder in a circumferential array, the helical blades are fixedly connected to the surface of the rotating shaft, the oblique drainage cover is fixedly connected to the top of the annular shell, the inner ring end part of the oblique drainage cover is in contact with the surface of the second cylinder, two inserting holes are formed in the surface of the oblique drainage cover, and the inner walls of the inserting holes are respectively sleeved on the outer ring surface of the similar first connecting pipe.
Preferably, the water supply mechanism comprises a fixing frame, the fixing frame is fixedly connected to the top of the cylinder cover, a second connecting pipe is fixedly connected to the top of the fixing frame in a penetrating manner, the lower end of the second connecting pipe is communicated with the empty shell in a rotating manner, and the upper end of the second connecting pipe is fixedly communicated with the external water supply mechanism.
Preferably, the water spraying induction mechanism comprises an electromagnetic valve, an annular plate and two groups of mounting ports, the electromagnetic valve is fixedly connected to the nozzle of the first cylinder, the annular plate is fixedly connected to the surface of the first cylinder, a humidity sensor is fixedly connected to the surface of the annular plate, the humidity sensor is electrically connected with the electromagnetic valve, the two groups of mounting ports are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the first cylinder in a penetrating mode by taking the annular plate as a center, the four mounting ports are arranged in a group, each group of four mounting ports are distributed on the surface of the first cylinder in a circumferential array mode, water spraying holes are formed in the inner walls of all mounting ports in a fixedly connected mode, spray heads are fixedly connected to the inner walls of all first protective shells in a penetrating mode, and all spray heads are communicated with the inner portion of the first cylinder.
Preferably, the protection mechanism is installed on the first cylinder, the protection mechanism is used for protecting the shower nozzle when not using, the protection mechanism includes four gas springs, protection pipe, four gas springs are two for a set of symmetry fixed connection in the both sides of annular slab, every group the tip of gas springs is the first pipe of fixedly connected with jointly, protection pipe fixed connection on the surface of annular slab, the inner wall at protection pipe both ends respectively with two the surface sliding connection of first pipe, the first mouth of stepping down of moisture sensor looks adaptation has been seted up on the surface of protection pipe, moisture sensor's sensing position passes first mouth of stepping down extends to its outside, two first pipe orientations the one end of shower nozzle is all fixed with and hides the ring, it is located to shelter from the ring the shower nozzle the outer lane, first pipe with install water pressure linkage mechanism between the inside of first pipe the first cylinder when there is the inside water pressure linkage mechanism that passes through, water pressure linkage mechanism is used for driving first water pressure linkage shower nozzle to expose.
Preferably, the hydraulic linkage mechanism comprises four second abdicating ports, four sliding ports and two cylinders, wherein the four second abdicating ports are symmetrically arranged on the surfaces of the two first round tubes in a group, oblique grooves are formed in the inner walls of all the second abdicating ports, second protective shells are arranged at the edges of the four second abdicating ports, the second protective shells are fixedly connected with the adjacent first round tubes, the two second protective shells are used for protecting the second abdicating ports and the oblique grooves on the first round tubes connected with the second protective shells, the four sliding ports are symmetrically arranged on the surfaces of the first round tubes in a group by taking the annular plates as centers, the two cylinders are symmetrically and fixedly connected on the inner walls of the first round tubes by taking the annular plates as centers, the surfaces of the two cylinders are provided with first through holes, the ends of the two cylinders are provided with second through holes communicated with the first through holes, the inner walls of all the first through holes are symmetrically and slidingly connected with sliding blocks, the two sliding blocks positioned on the same cylinder are used for blocking the second through holes on the cylinder, one end of each sliding block, which is opposite to the center of the first cylinder, respectively passes through the adjacent sliding holes and then extends out, one end of each sliding block positioned outside the first cylinder is provided with a first inclined surface facing the annular plate, the first inclined surface is in adaptive contact with the corresponding inner wall of the inclined groove, one end of each sliding block positioned inside the first cylinder is provided with a second inclined surface facing one side of the electromagnetic valve, the second inclined surfaces on the two sliding blocks positioned inside the same first through hole are symmetrically distributed.
Preferably, a plurality of collision bars are fixedly connected to the surfaces of the two first round tubes in a circumferential array.
Preferably, the inner annular walls of the two shielding rings are fixedly embedded with brushes, the surfaces of the two shielding rings are provided with annular inclined planes, the outer rings of the two shielding rings are provided with second round tubes, and the two second round tubes are fixed on the surface of the first cylinder through brackets.
Preferably, all end surfaces of the first cylinders, which are close to the inner wall of the mixing cylinder, are fixedly connected with drainage plates, drainage inclined planes are arranged on the surfaces of the drainage plates, and the end parts of the drainage plates are in contact with the inside of the mixing cylinder.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. after stirring and mixing for a certain time, the operation of the motor is stopped through the external controller, water is supplied to the empty shell through the water supply mechanism, water in the empty shell can enter the annular shell along the first communication pipe, the wettability of materials in different layers is detected through the water spray induction mechanism, the water spray induction mechanism can automatically lead the water in the annular shell into the first cylinder at the corresponding position when the wettability in the materials at the position is insufficient, the concentrated water adding treatment on the materials at the position is realized, the wettability at the position is improved, the uniform mixing of the humidity of the materials in different layers in the mixing cylinder is facilitated after the motor drives the first cylinder to continue stirring, the stirring preparation speed of the culture materials is accelerated, the culture materials are formed after the different materials are mixed to reach the specified humidity, and then the culture materials are automatically discharged through the discharge valve at the bottom of the mixing cylinder.
2. After humidity on the surface of the annular plate senses that humidity around the layer does not reach a set value, the electromagnetic valve is controlled to be opened, water inside the annular shell conveniently flows into the first cylinder through the electromagnetic valve, water inside the first cylinder flows into the first cylinder and is sprayed out from the water spraying holes through the spray heads, so that the purpose of spraying water at the position is achieved, the wetting degree of materials at the position is mastered according to the display degree on the humidity sensor, the opening time of the electromagnetic valve is conveniently controlled, the water spraying quantity of the spray heads is conveniently controlled, the whole wetting degree of the materials is conveniently adjusted, two groups of installation ports are arranged, the first protective shell with the water spraying holes is conveniently installed, the surface of the first protective shell is conveniently flush with the surface adaptability of the first cylinder, the spray heads are conveniently installed, the spray heads can spray water at different positions of the layer simultaneously, and the wetting degree of the materials at the layer is adjusted.
3. The inside rivers of surging into first drum can drive first pipe with the help of water pressure link gear and slide, first pipe that moves can compress the gas spring on the one hand, by compressed gas spring when the solenoid valve is closed, conveniently promote first pipe and reset and remove, thereby on the other hand drive shielding ring removes the shielding of canceling corresponding shielding ring to water hole department on the first protecting crust, be favorable to first drum inside water to spray out through the water hole with the help of the shower nozzle, thereby realize the purpose of concentrated moisturizing to this layer of material, later stage is with the motor drive first drum continue after stirring, be favorable to mixing the material humidity of the inside different levels of mixing the feed cylinder closely fast, accelerate the stirring preparation speed of compost, the protective tube of setting, make things convenient for the slip of two first pipes, simultaneously conveniently protect four gas springs, the contact of separation material and gas spring, maintain the compression resilience performance of gas spring, thereby avoid the material to block the surface to cause the phenomenon of influence to gas spring, the second protecting the mouth and the slant groove of stepping down, the material is piled up and is put down in the mouth of stepping down, thereby the influence the purpose of sliding block is moved to the sliding block.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an overall cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 2A according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 2B according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the hollow shell and the first communication pipe according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an overall cross-sectional view of the first cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 7 at C in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the first cylinder and the drainage plate;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the connection between the slider and the first through-opening of the present invention (the first cylinder is shown in cross section);
FIG. 11 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 10 at D in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a second relief port and diagonal slot opening configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of the interior of the cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the connection between the first housing and the spray head according to the present invention (the first housing is shown in cross section).
In the figure: 1. a mixing cylinder; 101. a cylinder cover; 2. a feed pipe; 201. a tube cover; 3. a mounting hole; 4. a hollow shell; 5. a first communication pipe; 6. an annular shell; 7. a first cylinder; 8. a motor; 9. a rotating shaft; 10. fixing the column; 11. a second cylinder; 1101. a discharge port; 12. a helical blade; 13. oblique drainage cover; 1301. inserting holes; 14. a fixing frame; 15. a second connection pipe; 16. an electromagnetic valve; 17. an annular plate; 18. a mounting port; 19. a first protective shell; 20. a water spraying hole; 21. a spray head; 22. a gas spring; 23. a first round tube; 24. a protective tube; 2401. a first relief port; 25. a second relief port; 26. an inclined groove; 27. a second protective shell; 28. a sliding port; 29. a cylinder; 2901. a first through opening; 2902. a second through-hole; 30. a sliding block; 31. a second inclined surface; 32. an impact bar; 33. a shielding ring; 3301. an annular inclined plane; 34. a first inclined surface; 37. a second round tube; 38. a bracket; 41. a drainage plate; 42. a drainage inclined plane; 43. a brush; 44. a discharge valve; 45. a humidity sensor.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to enable one of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention. The preferred embodiments in the following description are by way of example only and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art.
The automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging comprises a stirring barrel 1, wherein a barrel cover 101 is fixedly connected to the top of the stirring barrel 1, a feeding pipe 2 communicated with the inside of the stirring barrel 1 is fixedly connected to the top of the barrel cover 101, a pipe cover 201 is connected to the upper end of the feeding pipe 2 in a threaded manner, a mounting hole 3 is formed in the top of the barrel cover 101, a blank shell 4 is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the mounting hole 3, a rotary driving mechanism is mounted between the blank shell 4 and the stirring barrel 1, the rotary driving mechanism is used for driving the blank shell 4 to rotate, an upward transmission mechanism is jointly arranged between the inner bottom surface of the stirring barrel 1 and the rotary driving mechanism, the upward transmission mechanism is used for upwards guiding materials, first connecting pipes 5 are symmetrically and fixedly communicated to the bottom of the blank shell 4, annular shells 6 are jointly and fixedly communicated to the lower ends of the two first connecting pipes 5, four first cylinders 7 are distributed in a layered and staggered manner on the surface of the annular shells 6;
the top of the empty shell 4 is provided with a water supply mechanism which is used for supplying water to the inside of the empty shell 4, water spraying induction mechanisms are arranged between the four first cylinders 7 and the annular shell 6, when the water spraying induction mechanisms sense that the wettability of different positions in the materials is insufficient, water spraying treatment is automatically realized at the positions, and a discharge valve 44 communicated with the inside of the mixing barrel 1 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the mixing barrel 1; when the mixer works, different materials are put together and added with a proper amount of water, then the materials are mixed by stirring equipment, the existing stirring equipment is inconvenient to detect the wettabilities of different layers of the materials in time after the completion of stirring, the wettabilities of different positions in the materials are easy to cause different, thereby influencing the use effect of the materials in the later stage of the materials, therefore, the different layers of wettabilities in the materials are convenient to synchronously detect after the completion of primary stirring, and the required positions are automatically subjected to water adding treatment according to the detection result, the mixer can solve the problems, the concrete implementation mode is as follows, various materials needed for preparing the materials are poured into the mixing drum 1 from the feeding tube 2, and a proper amount of water is put into the material from the feeding tube 2, then the tube cover 201 is in threaded connection with the upper end of the feeding tube 2, the power supply is realized through the power supply elements in the device, the hollow shell 4 is driven by a rotary driving mechanism to rotate, the rotary hollow shell 4 drives the annular shell 6 to rotate by means of two first connecting mechanisms 5, the required positions are convenient to be automatically subjected to water adding treatment according to the detection result, the required positions are convenient to realize the mutual water adding treatment of the required positions, the materials are difficult to realize the mixing drum 1, the different layers are difficult to realize the mixing effect is realized, the mixing drum 1 is different, the mixing effect is realized, the mixing drum 1 is difficult to be mixed, the mixing mechanism is different in the mixing layer is different, the mixing material is different in the mixing layer 1, the mixing drum 1 is different in the mixing layer, the mixing effect is difficult to be mixed with the material is difficult to be mixed, and the material is convenient to be mixed, and the material is easy to change, and the mixing layer is easy, and the mixing, and the quality is easy and the quality and is easy and, after stirring and mixing for a certain time, the operation of the motor 8 is stopped by the external controller, water is supplied to the empty shell 4 by the water supply mechanism, water in the empty shell 4 can enter the annular shell 6 along the first communication pipe 5, the wettability of materials with different layers is detected by the water spray induction mechanism, when the wettability of the materials at the position is detected to be insufficient by the water spray induction mechanism, the water in the annular shell 6 can be automatically guided into the first cylinder 7 at the corresponding position by the water spray induction mechanism, the concentrated water adding treatment of the materials at the position is realized, the wettability of the position is improved, the uniform mixing of the humidity of the materials with different layers in the mixing cylinder 1 is facilitated after the motor 8 drives the first cylinder 7 to continue stirring, the stirring and preparation speed of the culturing materials is accelerated, the culturing materials are formed after the different materials are mixed to reach the specified humidity, and then the materials are automatically discharged through the discharge valve 44 at the bottom of the mixing cylinder 1.
As an embodiment of the invention, the rotary driving mechanism comprises a motor 8, the motor 8 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the mixing barrel 1, the end part of an output shaft of the motor 8 penetrates through the mixing barrel 1 and extends into the mixing barrel 1 to be fixedly connected with a rotating shaft 9, and the upper end of the rotating shaft 9 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the empty shell 4; during operation, the motor 8 is started through the external controller, the output shaft of the motor 8 can drive the rotating shaft 9 to rotate, the rotating shaft 9 can synchronously drive the empty shell 4 to rotate along the inner wall of the mounting hole 3, so that the annular shell 6 is synchronously driven to rotate under the connection of the first communication pipe 5, and different materials inside the mixing barrel 1 are mixed by means of the first cylinder 7 connected to the surface of the annular shell 6, and the full mixing among the different materials is facilitated.
As one embodiment of the invention, the upward transmission mechanism comprises four fixed columns 10, helical blades 12 and an inclined drainage cover 13, wherein the four fixed columns 10 are fixedly connected to the inner bottom surface of the mixing cylinder 1, the tops of the four fixed columns 10 are fixedly connected with a second cylinder 11 with a downward cylinder mouth, four discharge holes 1101 are formed in a circumferential array above the surface of the second cylinder 11, the helical blades 12 are fixedly connected to the surface of a rotating shaft 9, the inclined drainage cover 13 is fixedly connected to the top of an annular shell 6, the inner ring end part of the inclined drainage cover 13 is in contact with the surface of the second cylinder 11, two inserting holes 1301 are formed in the surface of the inclined drainage cover 13, and the inner walls of the two inserting holes 1301 are respectively sleeved on the outer ring surface of a similar first connecting pipe 5; during operation, the screw blade 12 connected to the surface of the rotating shaft 9 can rotate synchronously along with the rotating shaft 9 in the process that the motor 8 drives the rotating shaft 9, the rotating screw blade 12 can convey materials below the second cylinder 11 to the inside of the second cylinder 11 and upwards along the surface of the screw blade 12, the materials after upward movement can be discharged from the discharge port 1101, the materials discharged from the discharge port 1101 slide downwards along the surface of the inclined drainage cover 13, the discharged materials are conveniently drained to the inner wall edge of the mixing cylinder 1, the phenomenon that excessive materials are accumulated at the top of the annular shell 6 is avoided, the materials in the middle of the inner bottom of the mixing cylinder 1 are upwards conveyed and drained to the two sides of the inner wall of the mixing cylinder 1, and therefore the stirring and mixing effects of the device are improved, and the wettability of the materials at different layers of the mixing cylinder 1 are controlled to be similar.
As an embodiment of the invention, the water supply mechanism comprises a fixing frame 14, wherein the fixing frame 14 is fixedly connected to the top of the cylinder cover 101, a second connecting pipe 15 is fixedly connected to the top of the fixing frame 14 in a penetrating manner, the lower end of the second connecting pipe 15 is communicated with the empty shell 4 in a rotating manner, and the upper end of the second connecting pipe 15 is fixedly communicated with the external water supply mechanism; during operation, the fixed mount 14 that sets up, convenient fixed mounting second connecting pipe 15 to the convenience rotates the top of fixed second connecting pipe 15 tip and empty shell 4 to be connected, and the inside of convenient outside tap for second connecting pipe 15 carries out water supply treatment, and then is favorable to realizing the water supply treatment to empty shell 4 and annular shell 6 inside.
As one embodiment of the invention, the water spraying induction mechanism comprises an electromagnetic valve 16, an annular plate 17 and two groups of mounting ports 18, wherein the electromagnetic valve 16 is fixedly connected to the cylinder port of the first cylinder 7, the annular plate 17 is fixedly connected to the surface of the first cylinder 7, a humidity sensor 45 is fixedly connected to the surface of the annular plate 17, the humidity sensor 45 is electrically connected with the electromagnetic valve 16, the two groups of mounting ports 18 are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the first cylinder 7 in a penetrating way by taking the annular plate 17 as a center, four mounting ports 18 are in a group, four mounting ports 18 in each group are distributed on the surface of the first cylinder 7 in a circumferential array, water spraying holes 20 are formed in the inner walls of all the mounting ports 18, spray heads 21 are fixedly connected to the inner walls of all the first protecting shells 19, and all the spray heads 21 are communicated with the inside of the first cylinder 7; when the intelligent water spraying device is in operation, after the humidity sensor 45 on the surface of the annular plate 17 senses that the humidity around the layer does not reach a set value, the electromagnetic valve 16 is controlled to be opened, water inside the annular shell 6 conveniently flows into the first cylinder 7 through the electromagnetic valve 16, water flowing into the first cylinder 7 is sprayed out from the water spraying holes 20 through the spray heads 21, therefore, the purpose of spraying water at the position is achieved, the wetting degree of materials at the position is mastered according to the display degree on the humidity sensor 45, the opening time of the electromagnetic valve 16 is conveniently controlled, the spraying water quantity of the spray heads 21 is conveniently controlled, the whole wetting degree of materials is conveniently adjusted, two groups of mounting ports 18 are arranged, the first protective shell 19 with the water spraying holes 20 is conveniently mounted, the surface of the first protective shell 19 is conveniently flush with the surface adaptability of the first cylinder 7, meanwhile, the spray heads 21 are conveniently mounted, the spray heads 21 are conveniently spray water at different positions of the layer simultaneously, and the wetting degree of the materials is conveniently adjusted.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a protection mechanism is installed on the first cylinder 7, the protection mechanism is used for protecting the spray head 21 when not in use, the protection mechanism comprises four gas springs 22 and a protection pipe 24, the four gas springs 22 are symmetrically and fixedly connected on two sides of the annular plate 17 in a group of two pairs, the end parts of the gas springs 22 of each group are fixedly connected with a first circular pipe 23 together, the protection pipe 24 is fixedly connected on the surface of the annular plate 17, the inner walls at two ends of the protection pipe 24 are respectively connected with the surfaces of the two first circular pipes 23 in a sliding manner, a first yielding port 2401 matched with the humidity sensor 45 is formed on the surface of the protection pipe 24, the sensing part of the humidity sensor 45 extends to the outside through the first yielding port 2401, the two first circular pipes 23 are both fixed with a blocking ring 33 towards one end of the spray head 21, the blocking ring 33 is positioned on the outer ring of the spray head 21, a water pressure linkage mechanism is installed between the first circular pipe 23 and the inside of the first cylinder 7, and water is circulated inside the first cylinder 7, and the water pressure linkage mechanism is used for driving the first circular pipe 23 to slide to expose the spray head 21 through water pressure; when in operation, two shielding rings 33 are connected at the end parts of two first round tubes 23, when the first cylinder 7 rotates along with the annular shell 6, the shielding rings 33 can shield the water spraying holes 20 on the first protective shell 19, so as to avoid blocking phenomenon of the water spraying holes 20 caused by materials, water flowing into the first cylinder 7 can drive the first round tubes 23 to slide by means of a hydraulic linkage mechanism, the moving first round tubes 23 compress the air springs 22 on one hand, the compressed air springs 22 conveniently push the first round tubes 23 to reset and move when the electromagnetic valves 16 are closed, and drive the shielding rings 33 to move so as to cancel shielding of the corresponding shielding rings 33 on the water spraying holes 20 on the first protective shell 19, thereby being beneficial to spraying water in the first cylinder 7 by means of the spray heads 21 through the water spraying holes 20 and realizing the purpose of concentrated water supplementing to the materials, the later stage is favorable to mixing into near with the inside different layers of material humidity of mixing feed cylinder 1 fast along with motor 8 drives first drum 7 after continuously stirring for the stirring preparation speed of compost, the protection pipe 24 of setting makes things convenient for the slip of two first pipes 23, simultaneously the convenience protects four gas springs 22, the contact of separation material and gas springs 22, maintain gas spring 22's compression resilience performance, thereby avoid the material to block the phenomenon emergence that causes the influence to gas spring 22's performance at gas spring 22's surface, the second protection shell 27 of setting is convenient to protect second mouth 25 and slant groove 26 of stepping down, avoid the material to pile up in second mouth 25 department of stepping down, thereby influence the mouth of stepping down to the condition of stepping down of sliding block 30, influence the removal that sliding block 30 promoted first pipe 23.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the hydraulic linkage mechanism includes four second abdicating ports 25, four sliding ports 28, two cylinders 29, two of the four second abdicating ports 25 are symmetrically arranged on the surfaces of the two first round tubes 23, oblique grooves 26 are symmetrically arranged on the inner walls of all the second abdicating ports 25, second protection shells 27 are arranged at the edges of the four second abdicating ports 25, the second protection shells 27 are fixedly connected with the adjacent first round tubes 23, the two second protection shells 27 are used for protecting the second abdicating ports 25 and the oblique grooves 26 on the first round tubes 23 connected with the second protection shells 27, two of the four sliding ports 28 are symmetrically arranged on the surfaces of the first round tubes 7 with the annular plate 17 as a center, the two cylinders 29 are symmetrically and fixedly connected on the inner walls of the first round tubes 7 with the annular plate 17 as a center, the surfaces of the two cylinders 29 are respectively provided with first through holes 2901, the ends of the two cylinders 29 are provided with second through holes 2902 communicated with the first through holes 2901, the inner walls of all the first through holes 2901 are symmetrically and slidingly connected with sliding blocks 30, the two sliding blocks 30 positioned on the same cylinder 29 are used for blocking the second through holes 2902 on the cylinder 29, one end of each sliding block 30, which is opposite to the center of the first cylinder 7, respectively passes through the adjacent sliding hole 28 and extends out, one end of each sliding block 30 positioned outside the first cylinder 7 is provided with a first inclined surface 34 facing the annular plate 17, the first inclined surface 34 is in fit contact with the inner wall of the corresponding inclined groove 26, one end of each sliding block 30 positioned inside the first cylinder 7 is provided with a second inclined surface 31 facing one side of the electromagnetic valve 16, and the second inclined surfaces 31 positioned on the two sliding blocks 30 positioned inside the same first through hole 2901 are symmetrically distributed; in the course of the operation of the device, the second inclined surfaces 31 on the two sliding blocks 30 are intensively impacted by the water flow flowing into the first cylinder 7 through the second through hole 2902 near the cylinder opening of the first cylinder 7, the second inclined surfaces 31 of the two sliding blocks 30 near the cylinder opening of the first cylinder 7 are stressed under the impact pushing of the water flow, so that the sliding blocks 30 moving at different positions can squeeze the inner walls of the corresponding inclined grooves 26 along the surface of the first through hole 2901, the shielding of the second through hole 2902 by the two sliding blocks 30 is eliminated, the water inside the first cylinder 7 is convenient to continuously intensively impact the second inclined surfaces 31 on the two sliding blocks 30 in the next second through hole 2902, the movement of the two sliding blocks 30 at the position is also driven under the impact of the water flow, the shielding of the second through hole 2902 is eliminated, the water flow is facilitated to fully impact the whole first cylinder 7, the corresponding first circular pipe 23 is pushed to move along the surface of the first cylinder 7, and the water pressure connection is facilitated to eliminate the first blocking ring 21 through the water pressure connection.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of impact bars 32 are fixedly connected to the surfaces of the two first round tubes 23 in a circumferential array; when the device works, after the spray head 21 sprays water to the materials, the phenomenon that the materials in instant contact with the sprayed water easily cause local agglomeration can be solved, and the device can solve the problems.
As an embodiment of the present invention, brushes 43 are fixedly embedded on the inner annular walls of the two shielding rings 33, annular inclined planes 3301 are formed on the surfaces of the two shielding rings 33, second circular tubes 37 are arranged on the outer rings of the two shielding rings 33, and the two second circular tubes 37 are fixed on the surface of the first cylinder 7 through brackets 38; during operation, connect two shielding rings 33 at the tip of two first pipe 23, when first drum 7 rotates along with annular shell 6, shielding ring 33 can shelter from the hole for water spraying 20 on the first protective shell 19, avoid the material to cause the emergence of blocking phenomenon to hole for water spraying 20, second pipe 37 through support 38 connection, the convenience is at the annular inclined plane 3301 of first drum 7 pivoted process on shielding ring 33 surface protect, avoid rotating in-process material to cause the backlog to annular inclined plane 3301, make annular inclined plane 3301 atress promote first pipe 23 through shielding ring 33 and remove, thereby in the in-process hole for water spraying 20 of pivoted is extruded and is opened, and then the phenomenon that causes the hole for water spraying 20 to be blocked by the material takes place easily, when shower nozzle 21 sprays water, because shower nozzle 21 sprays water under the hydraulic action of water, the material can not block to hole for water spraying 20, shower nozzle 21 spun water can get into the material from the tip entering of second pipe 37, when first 23 resets and drives shielding ring 33 and moves the surface when reset along first drum 7, the annular inclined plane 3301 of shielding ring 33 that moves and moves to the annular inclined plane 3301 and moves, thereby the hole for water spraying 20 is blocked by the hole for water spraying 20, the hole for water spraying 20 is blown by the material to the hole 20 along with the first drum 7, the cleaning position of the hole for water spraying 20 is kept to the hole for water spraying 20 to the hole cleaning, and the hole for water spraying 20 is cleaned to the hole cleaning and is removed along with the first side of the first inclined plane surface shielding ring surface side surface side shielding ring 33.
As an embodiment of the invention, the end surfaces of all the first cylinders 7 close to the inner wall of the mixing cylinder 1 are fixedly connected with a drainage plate 41, the surface of the drainage plate 41 is provided with a drainage inclined surface 42, and the end parts of the drainage plate 41 are contacted with the inside of the mixing cylinder 1; during operation, along with the rotation of first drum 7, can drive to connect the drainage board 41 at its tip surface and rotate, pivoted drainage board 41 is convenient to scrape the material on the inner wall of mixing feed cylinder 1 on the one hand, avoid the material to appear bonding the phenomenon emergence that is difficult to clear up with mixing feed cylinder 1's inner wall contact for a long time, on the other hand pivoted drainage board 41 is convenient to drive the drainage in the middle of the material of mixing feed cylinder 1 inside border department along drainage inclined plane 42 of drainage board 41, the material that conveniently upwards conveys in the middle of the feed cylinder 1 to drop, the material that conveniently will mix feed cylinder 1 different positions realizes exchanging, thereby improve the stirring mixing effect of device, and then be favorable to controlling the wettability of different aspect materials to be close.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
according to the description, as shown in figures 1 to 14, various materials needed for preparing culture materials are poured into a mixing cylinder 1 from a feed pipe 2, a proper amount of water is put into the mixing cylinder 1 from the feed pipe 2, then a pipe cover 201 is connected with the upper end of the feed pipe 2 in a threaded manner, an external power supply mechanism 8 supplies power to power consumption elements in the device, a rotary driving mechanism drives a hollow shell 4 to rotate, the rotating hollow shell 4 drives an annular shell 6 to rotate by virtue of two first communication pipes 5, four first cylinders 7 connected to the surface of the annular shell 6 conveniently rotate along with the annular shell 6, so that the materials in the mixing cylinder 1 are stirred, the mixing of different materials is realized by virtue of the water poured into the mixing cylinder 1, the four first cylinders 7 are distributed in a staggered manner in a layered manner, and the synchronous stirring and mixing of the materials at different layers are facilitated, when the rotary driving mechanism operates, the upward transmission mechanism is linked to upward transmit materials below the inner part of the mixing barrel 1, so that the materials at different layers inside the mixing barrel 1 are conveniently exchanged, the stirring and mixing effect of the device is improved, the wettability of the materials at different layers is further controlled to be close, after stirring and mixing for a certain time, the operation of the motor 8 is stopped by the external controller, water inside the empty shell 4 is supplied to the empty shell 4 by the water supply mechanism, water inside the empty shell 4 enters the annular shell 6 along the first communication pipe 5, the wettability of the materials at different layers is detected by the water spray sensing mechanism, when the water spray sensing mechanism detects that the wettability of the materials at the position is insufficient, the water spray sensing mechanism automatically leads the water inside the annular shell 6 into the first cylinder 7 at the corresponding position, the concentrated water adding treatment of the materials at the position is realized, and the wettability of the position is improved, along with motor 8 drives behind the continuous stirring of first drum 7, be favorable to the quick material humidity homogeneous mixing of the inside different levels of mixing feed cylinder 1 for the stirring preparation speed of cultivation material, different materials reach behind the completion of mixing and form cultivation material after prescribing humidity, then discharge automatically through the relief valve 44 of mixing feed cylinder 1 bottom.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the foregoing embodiments, but rather, the foregoing embodiments and description illustrate the principles of the invention, and that various changes and modifications may be effected therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an automatic feed mixing pot of cultivation material that can automatic unloading, includes mixes feed cylinder (1), mix the top fixedly connected with cover (101) of feed cylinder (1), the top fixedly connected with of cover (101) with mix feed pipe (2) that feed cylinder (1) inside communicates, the upper end threaded connection of feed pipe (2) has tube cap (201), characterized in that, mounting hole (3) have been seted up at the top of cover (101), rotate on the inner wall of mounting hole (3) and be connected with empty shell (4), empty shell (4) with mix install rotary driving mechanism between feed cylinder (1), rotary driving mechanism is used for driving empty shell (4) and rotates, mix the inside bottom surface of feed cylinder (1) with be equipped with upward transmission mechanism jointly between the rotary driving mechanism, upward transmission mechanism is used for upwards draining the material, the bottom symmetry fixedly communicates of empty shell (4) has first connecting pipe (5), and the lower extreme of two first connecting pipe (5) is fixedly communicates jointly, annular shell (6) have annular shell (7), the first cylinder (7) is distributed the dislocation of a layer, the first cylinder (7) is fixed on the surface;
the top of the empty shell (4) is provided with a water supply mechanism, the water supply mechanism is used for supplying water to the inside of the empty shell (4), water spraying induction mechanisms are arranged between the four first cylinders (7) and the annular shell (6), when the water spraying induction mechanisms sense that the wettability of different positions in materials is insufficient, water spraying treatment is automatically realized at the positions, and a discharge valve (44) communicated with the inside of the mixing barrel (1) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the mixing barrel (1);
the water spraying induction mechanism comprises an electromagnetic valve (16), an annular plate (17) and two groups of mounting ports (18), wherein the electromagnetic valve (16) is fixedly connected to the barrel port of the first barrel (7), the annular plate (17) is fixedly connected to the surface of the first barrel (7), a humidity sensor (45) is fixedly connected to the surface of the annular plate (17), the humidity sensor (45) is electrically connected with the electromagnetic valve (16), the two groups of mounting ports (18) are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the first barrel (7) in a penetrating mode through the annular plate (17) as a center, the four mounting ports (18) are arranged in a group, each group of four mounting ports (18) are distributed on the surface of the first barrel (7) in a circumferential array mode, a first protecting shell (19) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the annular plate (17), holes (20) are formed in the surface of the first protecting shell (19), and the inner wall (19) of the first protecting shell (19) is fixedly connected with all spray heads (21) of the first barrel (21).
2. The automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging according to claim 1, wherein the rotary driving mechanism comprises a motor (8), the motor (8) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the stirring barrel (1), an output shaft end of the motor (8) penetrates through the stirring barrel (1) and extends to the inside of the stirring barrel, a rotating shaft (9) is fixedly connected to the output shaft end of the motor, and the upper end of the rotating shaft (9) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the empty shell (4).
3. The automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging according to claim 2, wherein the upward transmission mechanism comprises four fixing columns (10), helical blades (12) and an oblique drainage cover (13), the four fixing columns (10) are fixedly connected to the inner bottom surface of the stirring cylinder (1), the tops of the four fixing columns (10) are fixedly connected with a second cylinder (11) with a downward cylinder opening, four discharge openings (1101) are formed in a circumferential array above the surface of the second cylinder (11), the helical blades (12) are fixedly connected to the surface of the rotating shaft (9), the oblique drainage cover (13) is fixedly connected to the top of the annular shell (6), the inner ring end portion of the oblique drainage cover (13) is in contact with the surface of the second cylinder (11), two inserting holes (1301) are formed in the surface of the oblique drainage cover (13), and the inner walls of the two inserting holes (1301) are respectively sleeved on the surface of the first connecting pipe (5) in a similar manner.
4. The automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging according to claim 1, wherein the water supply mechanism comprises a fixing frame (14), the fixing frame (14) is fixedly connected to the top of the cylinder cover (101), a second connecting pipe (15) is fixedly connected to the top of the fixing frame (14) in a penetrating manner, the lower end of the second connecting pipe (15) is in rotary communication with the empty shell (4), and the upper end of the second connecting pipe (15) is fixedly communicated with an external water supply mechanism.
5. The automatic culture material mixing pot capable of automatically discharging according to claim 1, wherein a protection mechanism is mounted on the first cylinder (7), the protection mechanism is used for protecting the spray heads (21) when the automatic culture material mixing pot is not in use, the protection mechanism comprises four gas springs (22) and a protection pipe (24), the four gas springs (22) are fixedly connected to two sides of the annular plate (17) in a symmetrical mode in pairs, the end parts of the gas springs (22) of each group are fixedly connected with a first circular pipe (23) together, the protection pipe (24) is fixedly connected to the surfaces of the annular plate (17), the inner walls of the two ends of the protection pipe (24) are respectively connected with the surfaces of the two first circular pipes (23) in a sliding mode, first yielding positions (2401) matched with the humidity sensors (45) are formed in the surfaces of the protection pipe (24), the sensing positions of the humidity sensors (45) penetrate through the first yielding positions (2401) to extend to the first outer ring (23), when the two outer ring (21) are arranged between the first cylinder (21) and the first cylinder (33) and the first cylinder (21) in a water flow linkage mechanism (33), the hydraulic linkage mechanism is used for driving the first round tube (23) to slide to expose the spray head (21) through hydraulic pressure.
6. The automatic mixing pot for culture materials capable of automatically discharging according to claim 5, wherein the hydraulic linkage mechanism comprises four second abdicating openings (25), four sliding openings (28) and two cylinders (29), the four second abdicating openings (25) are symmetrically arranged on the surfaces of the two first circular tubes (23), oblique grooves (26) are respectively formed in the inner walls of all the second abdicating openings (25), second protecting shells (27) are respectively arranged at the edges of the four second abdicating openings (25), the second protecting shells (27) are fixedly connected with the adjacent first circular tubes (23), the two second protecting shells (27) are used for protecting the second abdicating openings (25) and the oblique grooves (26) on the first circular tubes (23) connected with the second protecting shells, the four sliding openings (28) are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the first circular tubes (17) as centers, the two symmetrical openings (29) are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the first circular tubes (17), the two circular tubes (29) are respectively connected with the two circular tubes (29) as centers, the two circular tubes (2901) are respectively connected with the two circular tubes (29) and the two circular tubes (29) are respectively connected with the two circular tubes (1), all symmetry sliding connection has sliding block (30) on the inner wall of first through mouth (2901), is located same two sliding block (30) on cylinder (29) are used for this second through mouth (2902) on cylinder (29) shutoff, all sliding block (30) are facing away from one end at first drum (7) center is passed respectively adjacent behind sliding port (28) and is stretched out, all sliding block (30) are located one end outside first drum (7) has all been seted up towards first inclined plane (34) of annular slab (17), first inclined plane (34) with corresponding slant groove (26) inner wall looks adaptation contact, all sliding block (30) are located one end inside first drum (7) is towards one side of solenoid valve (16) all has been seted up second inclined plane (31), is located same two sliding block (30) inside first through mouth (2901) are symmetrical distribution.
7. An automatic feeding pot for automatically feeding culture materials according to claim 5, wherein a plurality of collision bars (32) are fixedly connected on the surfaces of the two first round tubes (23) in a circumferential array.
8. The automatic feeding and mixing pot for the culture materials, which can automatically feed according to claim 5, is characterized in that brushes (43) are fixedly embedded on the inner annular walls of the two shielding rings (33), annular inclined planes (3301) are formed on the surfaces of the two shielding rings (33), second circular tubes (37) are arranged on the outer rings of the two shielding rings (33), and the two second circular tubes (37) are fixed on the surface of the first cylinder (7) through brackets (38).
9. The automatic culture material stirring pot capable of automatically discharging according to claim 1, wherein all end surfaces of the first cylinders (7) close to the inner wall of the stirring cylinder (1) are fixedly connected with drainage plates (41), drainage inclined planes (42) are arranged on the surfaces of the drainage plates (41), and the end parts of the drainage plates (41) are in contact with the inside of the stirring cylinder (1).
CN202211560112.3A 2022-12-07 2022-12-07 Automatic material mixing pot capable of automatically discharging culture materials Active CN115569564B (en)

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