CN114128530A - Green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions - Google Patents

Green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114128530A
CN114128530A CN202111477111.8A CN202111477111A CN114128530A CN 114128530 A CN114128530 A CN 114128530A CN 202111477111 A CN202111477111 A CN 202111477111A CN 114128530 A CN114128530 A CN 114128530A
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
pipeline
concave
flow
component
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Granted
Application number
CN202111477111.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114128530B (en
Inventor
商克俭
闫晓芳
尹振羽
董晓峰
张坤浩
吴洁
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Henan University of Urban Construction
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Henan University of Urban Construction
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Priority to CN202111477111.8A priority Critical patent/CN114128530B/en
Publication of CN114128530A publication Critical patent/CN114128530A/en
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Publication of CN114128530B publication Critical patent/CN114128530B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/033Flat containers for turf, lawn or the like, e.g. for covering roofs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/005Reservoirs connected to flower-pots through conduits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • B01D29/03Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B11/00Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply
    • E03B11/02Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply for domestic or like local water supply
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination or staggered storeys
    • E04H1/02Dwelling houses; Buildings for temporary habitation, e.g. summer houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of green buildings, in particular to a green building with an environment-friendly and energy-saving function. The technical problem is as follows: the wall absorbs the solar heat and conducts the solar heat to the indoor space, the refrigeration burden of the air conditioning unit is greatly increased, and the energy consumption is increased by the further technical scheme. The technical scheme is as follows: a green building with environment-friendly and energy-saving functions comprises a building wall, an irrigation assembly and the like; the right part of the upper side of the building wall body is provided with an irrigation assembly. Realized during the use automatically collecting the rainwater to utilize the rainwater of collecting to carry out thermal-insulated endothermic processing to the wall, thereby it is indoor to reduce the heat and flow in through the wall, thereby reduce air conditioning unit's refrigeration burden, and then reach energy-conserving effect, utilize the rainwater of collecting to irrigate the plant simultaneously, the water economy resource has avoided simultaneously influencing the phenomenon that vegetation is grown because of the rainwater gathers in the earth lower part, still realized automatic clear up the impurity in the rainwater, still realized protecting the plant when bad weather.

Description

Green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of green buildings, in particular to a green building with an environment-friendly and energy-saving function.
Background
The green energy-saving building saves resources to the maximum extent, improves the utilization rate of energy, protects the environment and reduces pollution in the whole life cycle of the building, provides healthy, comfortable, applicable and efficient use space for people, and is harmonious and symbiotic with the nature, the building energy conservation is beneficial to reducing the influence and damage of the building on the environment, saves energy, saves resources, fundamentally promotes the reasonable utilization of energy, relieves the current situation of insufficient energy resource supply in China, and has important significance for improving the life quality of people, protecting the environment and guaranteeing the national energy safety.
Current green building is through collecting the rainwater to the plant watering, and can't reduce the discharge through the plant at torrential rain weather, often can cause earth to run off the phenomenon, simultaneously, the inside heating refrigeration of building at present generally adopts air conditioning unit, need consume a large amount of energy, and the direct solar radiation building wall in summer makes the wall absorb a large amount of heats and conducts to indoor, greatly increased air conditioning unit's refrigeration burden, further technical scheme increases energy consumption.
Therefore, it is necessary to design a green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving, aiming at overcoming the defects that the existing green building cannot reduce the water flow passing through plants in heavy rain, so that the soil loss phenomenon occurs, meanwhile, the wall absorbs solar heat and conducts the solar heat to the indoor space, so that the refrigeration burden of an air conditioning unit is greatly increased, and the energy consumption is increased by the further technical scheme.
The technical scheme is as follows: a green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions comprises a building wall, a water storage tank, a diversion cabin, a first pipeline, green plants, a top cover, an irrigation assembly, a flow choking assembly, a heat insulation assembly, an impurity removal assembly and a conveying assembly; a water storage tank is arranged below the right side of the building wall body; a diversion cabin is fixedly connected to the left side of the water storage tank; a first pipeline is communicated with the lower side of the diversion cabin; a top cover is inserted in the middle of the upper side of the water storage tank; an irrigation assembly for irrigating and collecting rainwater is arranged at the right part of the upper side of the building wall body; a flow resisting component for preventing soil loss is arranged on the upper side of the irrigation component; a plurality of green plants are planted on the upper side of the irrigation assembly, and the green plants and the flow blocking assemblies are distributed at intervals; the right side of the building wall is provided with a heat insulation assembly for reducing heat flowing into the room; the heat insulation assembly is connected with the irrigation assembly; the heat insulation component is connected with the water storage tank; an impurity removal assembly for removing impurities in rainwater is arranged on the inner side of the diversion cabin; the impurity removing component is connected with the heat insulation component; the upper part of the left side of the irrigation assembly is provided with a conveying assembly for conveying rainwater; the conveying assembly is connected with the building wall; the conveying component is connected with the water storage tank.
According to a further technical scheme, the irrigation assembly comprises a first support frame, a concave-convex plate and a flow guide assembly; a first support frame is fixedly connected to the right part of the upper side of the building wall body; a concave-convex plate is fixedly connected to the upper side of the first support frame, and a plurality of soil grooves are arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate at equal intervals; a plurality of soil grooves of the concave-convex plate are contacted with a plurality of green plants; a plurality of flow guide closing pieces are equidistantly arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate; the concave-convex plate is connected with the flow choking assembly; the concave-convex plate is connected with the heat insulation assembly; the first support frame is connected with the conveying assembly; the flow guide assembly comprises a first flow guide cylinder and a second flow guide cylinder; a plurality of first guide cylinders are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate in a penetrating manner, and the front and rear adjacent first guide cylinders are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction; a plurality of second draft tubes are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate in a penetrating mode, the second draft tubes are located below the right sides of the first draft tubes, and the front and rear adjacent second draft tubes are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction.
According to the further technical scheme, the inner side part of the concave-convex plate soil groove penetrated by the first guide cylinder and the second guide cylinder is provided with a plurality of through holes.
In a further technical scheme, the flow resisting component comprises a first telescopic cylinder, a first linkage plate and a flow limiting part; the left part of the front side and the left part of the rear side of the concave-convex plate are fixedly connected with a first telescopic cylinder, and the telescopic ends of the two first telescopic cylinders are fixedly connected with a first linkage plate; a plurality of current limiting pieces are equidistantly arranged on the right side of the first linkage plate; the plurality of current limiting elements are connected with the concave-convex plate; the flow limiting element comprises a sliding rod, a first flow blocking block and a second flow blocking block; a plurality of groups of sliding rods which are symmetrical front and back are fixedly connected to the right side of the first linkage plate; the two groups of sliding rods are symmetrically arranged front and back, and the plurality of groups of sliding rods are connected with the concave-convex plate in a sliding manner; a plurality of first flow blocking blocks are fixedly connected to the lower sides of the group of sliding rods at equal intervals; the left sides of the first flow blocking blocks are fixedly connected with a second flow blocking block; the first flow blocking blocks and the second flow blocking blocks are in contact with the concave-convex plate.
According to a further technical scheme, the heat insulation assembly comprises a first semicircular pipe, a flow dividing pipe, a heat insulation plate, a second pipeline, a filter screen, a first water pump and a third pipeline; a first semicircular pipe is fixedly connected to the lower part of the right side of the concave-convex plate; the right side of the building wall body is fixedly connected with a heat insulation plate; a plurality of shunt tubes are fixedly connected inside the heat insulation plate; the upper parts of the plurality of shunt tubes are communicated with the first semicircular tube; the right sides of the lower parts of the plurality of shunt tubes are respectively communicated with a second pipeline; a filter screen is fixedly connected to the left part of the inner side of each of the second pipelines; the plurality of second pipelines are communicated with the water storage tank; a first water pump is arranged at the left part of the inner side of the water storage tank; the output end of the first water pump is communicated with a third pipeline; the third pipeline is fixedly connected with the building wall through a bracket; the upper part of the third pipeline is communicated with the first semicircular pipe; the lower parts of the plurality of shunt tubes are connected with the impurity removing component.
According to a further technical scheme, the impurity removing assembly comprises a second telescopic cylinder, a second linkage plate, a push rod and a piston; two second telescopic cylinders are fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner side of the diversion cabin; the telescopic ends of the two second telescopic cylinders are fixedly connected with a second linkage plate; a plurality of push rods are fixedly connected to the upper side of the second linkage plate; the upper ends of the push rods are fixedly connected with a piston; the pistons are respectively connected with the shunt pipes in a sliding manner.
According to a further technical scheme, the conveying assembly comprises a second water pump, a fourth pipeline, a second semicircular pipe and a conical flow guide body; a second water pump is arranged at the rear part of the inner side of the water storage tank; the output end of the second water pump is communicated with a fourth pipeline; the fourth pipeline is fixedly connected with the building wall through a bracket; a second semicircular pipe is fixedly connected to the upper part of the left side of the first support frame; the upper part of the fourth pipeline is communicated with the second semicircular pipe; the right side of the second semicircular pipe is communicated with a plurality of conical flow deflectors.
The protection assembly is arranged at the left part of the upper side of the building wall body and comprises a second support frame, an electric rotating shaft, a protection cover, a limiting plate, a second limiting block, a connecting block, a first electric expansion piece and a second electric expansion piece; a second support frame is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper side of the building wall; the upper part of the second support frame is provided with an electric rotating shaft; the output shaft of the electric rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a protective cover; two limiting plates are fixedly connected to the upper part of the left side of the protective cover; two second limiting blocks are fixedly connected to the lower portion of the left side of the protective cover; two connecting blocks are fixedly connected to the left part of the upper side of the building wall; the left sides of the two connecting blocks are respectively provided with a first electric expansion piece, and the outer side of each first electric expansion piece is provided with an explosion-proof shell; the telescopic ends of the two first electric retractors are respectively spliced with the two second limiting blocks; two second electric retractors are fixedly connected to the upper part of the front side of the heat insulation plate.
The further technical scheme is that the building wall body structure further comprises a collecting assembly, wherein the collecting assembly is installed on the front side of the building wall body and comprises a fifth pipeline, a sixth pipeline, a funnel and a hard filter screen; the front part of the left side of the protective cover is communicated with a fifth pipeline; the lower part of the front side of the building wall body is connected with a sixth pipeline through a bracket; the upper part of the sixth pipeline is communicated with a funnel; a hard filter screen is fixedly connected to the upper side of the funnel; the sixth pipeline is communicated with the water storage tank.
In a further technical scheme, the hard filter screen is conical.
Has the advantages that: realized during the use automatically collecting the rainwater, and utilize the rainwater of collection to carry out thermal-insulated endothermic processing to the wall, thereby it is indoor to reduce the heat to flow in through the wall, thereby reduce air conditioning unit and use, and then reach energy-conserving effect, utilize the rainwater of collecting to irrigate the plant simultaneously, the water economy resource, avoided simultaneously gathering the phenomenon that influences vegetation in the earth lower part because of the rainwater, and carry out the separation to rivers in heavy rain weather, reduce earth loss phenomenon, still realized automatic clear up the impurity in the rainwater, and automatically discharge too much rainwater into sewer, still realized protecting the plant when bad weather.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial structural schematic view of a green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a first partial configuration of an irrigation assembly and a flow-obstructing assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second partial configuration of an irrigation assembly and a flow-obstructing assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a third partial schematic structural view of an irrigation assembly and a spoiler assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the insulation assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the trash removal assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a portion of the trash removal assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of the delivery assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a portion of the construction of the delivery assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the protective assembly of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the construction of the collection assembly of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-building wall, 2-water storage tank, 3-diversion cabin, 4-first pipeline, 5-green plant, 6-top cover, 201-first support frame, 202-concave-convex plate, 203-first diversion cylinder, 204-second diversion cylinder, 301-first telescopic cylinder, 302-first linkage plate, 303-slide bar, 304-first choke block, 305-second choke block, 401-first semicircular pipe, 402-diversion pipe, 403-heat insulation plate, 404-second pipeline, 405-filtering screen, 406-first water pump, 407-third pipeline, 501-second telescopic cylinder, 502-second linkage plate, 503-push rod, 504-piston, 601-second water pump, 602-fourth pipeline, 603-second semicircular pipe, 604-a conical flow guide body, 701-a second support frame, 702-an electric rotating shaft, 703-a protective cover, 704-a limiting plate, 705-a second limiting block, 706-a connecting block, 707-a first electric expansion piece, 708-a second electric expansion piece, 801-a fifth pipeline, 802-a sixth pipeline, 803-a funnel and 804-a hard filter screen.
Detailed Description
The invention is further explained with reference to the drawings and the embodiments.
Example 1
A green building with environment-friendly and energy-saving functions is shown in figures 1-11 and comprises a building wall 1, a water storage tank 2, a diversion chamber 3, a first pipeline 4, green plants 5, a top cover 6, an irrigation assembly, a flow blocking assembly, a heat insulation assembly, an impurity removal assembly and a conveying assembly; a water storage tank 2 is arranged below the right side of the building wall body 1; the left side of the water storage tank 2 is fixedly connected with a diversion cabin 3; the lower side of the diversion cabin 3 is communicated with a first pipeline 4; a top cover 6 is inserted in the middle of the upper side of the water storage tank 2; an irrigation assembly is arranged at the right part of the upper side of the building wall body 1; the upper side of the irrigation component is provided with a flow resisting component; a plurality of green plants 5 are planted on the upper side of the irrigation assembly, and the green plants 5 and the flow blocking assemblies are distributed at intervals; the right side of the building wall body 1 is provided with a heat insulation component; the heat insulation assembly is connected with the irrigation assembly; the heat insulation component is connected with the water storage tank 2; the inner side of the diversion cabin 3 is provided with an impurity removal assembly; the impurity removing component is connected with the heat insulation component; the upper part of the left side of the irrigation component is provided with a conveying component; the conveying assembly is connected with the building wall 1; the conveying component is connected with the water storage tank 2.
The irrigation assembly comprises a first support frame 201, a concave-convex plate 202 and a flow guide assembly; a first support frame 201 is fixedly connected to the right part of the upper side of the building wall body 1; the upper side of the first support frame 201 is welded with a concave-convex plate 202, and a plurality of soil grooves are arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate 202 at equal intervals; the plurality of soil grooves of the concave-convex plate 202 are contacted with the plurality of green plants 5; a plurality of flow guiding closing members are equidistantly arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate 202; the concave-convex plate 202 is connected with the flow blocking assembly; the concave-convex plate 202 is connected with the heat insulation assembly; the first supporting frame 201 is connected with the conveying assembly; the flow guide assembly comprises a first flow guide cylinder 203 and a second flow guide cylinder 204; a plurality of first guide cylinders 203 are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate 202 in a penetrating manner, and the front and rear adjacent first guide cylinders 203 are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction; a plurality of second guide cylinders 204 are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate 202 in a penetrating manner, the plurality of second guide cylinders 204 are positioned below the right sides of the plurality of first guide cylinders 203, and the front and rear adjacent second guide cylinders 204 are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction; the inner side parts of the soil grooves of the concave-convex plate 202, through which the first guide cylinder 203 and the second guide cylinder 204 penetrate, are provided with a plurality of through holes.
The flow resisting component comprises a first telescopic cylinder 301, a first linkage plate 302 and a flow limiting part; the left part of the front side and the left part of the rear side of the concave-convex plate 202 are fixedly connected with a first telescopic cylinder 301, and the telescopic ends of the two first telescopic cylinders 301 are fixedly connected with a first linkage plate 302; a plurality of current limiting pieces are equidistantly arranged on the right side of the first linkage plate 302; the plurality of flow limiting elements are connected with the concave-convex plate 202; the flow limiting element comprises a sliding bar 303, a first block 304 and a second block 305; a plurality of groups of sliding rods 303 which are symmetrical front and back are welded on the right side of the first linkage plate 302; the two groups of sliding rods 303 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, and the plurality of groups of sliding rods 303 are connected with the concave-convex plate 202 in a sliding manner; a plurality of first flow blocking blocks 304 are welded on the lower sides of the group of sliding rods 303 at equal intervals; a second block 305 is welded on the left side of each of the first blocks 304; a first plurality of chokes 304 and a second plurality of chokes 305 are in contact with the relief plate 202.
The heat insulation assembly comprises a first semicircular pipe 401, a shunt pipe 402, a heat insulation plate 403, a second pipeline 404, a filter screen 405, a first water pump 406 and a third pipeline 407; the lower part of the right side of the concave-convex plate 202 is welded with a first semicircular pipe 401; the right side of the building wall body 1 is fixedly connected with a heat insulation plate 403; a plurality of shunt tubes 402 are fixedly connected inside the heat insulation plate 403; the upper parts of the plurality of shunt tubes 402 are communicated with the first semicircular tube 401; a second pipeline 404 is communicated with the right sides of the lower parts of the plurality of shunt tubes 402; a filter screen 405 is fixedly connected to the left part of the inner side of each of the second pipelines 404; the plurality of second pipes 404 are all communicated with the water storage tank 2; a first water pump 406 is arranged at the left part of the inner side of the water storage tank 2; the output end of the first water pump 406 is communicated with a third pipeline 407; the third pipeline 407 is fixedly connected with the building wall 1 through a bracket; the upper part of the third pipeline 407 is communicated with the first semicircular pipe 401; the lower parts of the plurality of shunt tubes 402 are connected with the impurity removing component.
The impurity removing component comprises a second telescopic cylinder 501, a second linkage plate 502, a push rod 503 and a piston 504; two second telescopic cylinders 501 are fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner side of the diversion cabin 3; the telescopic ends of the two second telescopic cylinders 501 are fixedly connected with a second linkage plate 502; a plurality of push rods 503 are welded on the upper side of the second linkage plate 502; a piston 504 is fixedly connected to the upper ends of the push rods 503; a plurality of pistons 504 are slidably coupled to the plurality of shunt tubes 402, respectively.
The conveying assembly comprises a second water pump 601, a fourth pipeline 602, a second semicircular pipe 603 and a conical flow guide body 604; the rear part of the inner side of the water storage tank 2 is provided with a second water pump 601; the output end of the second water pump 601 is communicated with a fourth pipeline 602; the fourth pipeline 602 is fixedly connected with the building wall 1 through a bracket; a second semicircular pipe 603 is welded at the upper part of the left side of the first support frame 201; the upper part of the fourth pipeline 602 is communicated with the second semicircular pipe 603; the right side of the second semicircular pipe 603 is communicated with a plurality of conical flow deflectors 604.
Firstly, the first pipeline 4 is communicated with a sewer, when raining, rainwater falls into a groove of the concave-convex plate 202, then flows into the first semicircular pipe 401, then flows into the plurality of shunt pipes 402 from the first semicircular pipe 401, then flows into the plurality of second pipelines 404 from the plurality of shunt pipes 402, finally flows into the water storage tank 2 for collection, meanwhile, impurities in the rainwater are blocked by the plurality of filter screens 405 and fall to the lower parts of the plurality of shunt pipes 402, so that the impurities are prevented from entering the water storage tank 2, when the rainwater in the water storage tank 2 is excessive, the two second telescopic cylinders 501 are started to simultaneously drive the second linkage plate 502 to move downwards, the second linkage plate 502 drives the plurality of push rods 503 to move downwards, the plurality of push rods 503 respectively drive the plurality of pistons 504 to move downwards, so that the plurality of pistons 504 are separated from the plurality of shunt pipes 402, then the rainwater directly flows downwards into the diversion cabin 3, and the impurities at the lower parts of the plurality of second pipelines 404 are flushed into the diversion cabin 3, then the rainwater and the impurities flow into the sewer through the first pipeline 4; in sunny days, two second telescopic cylinders 501 are started to simultaneously drive a second linkage plate 502 to move upwards, the second linkage plate 502 drives a plurality of push rods 503 to move upwards, the push rods 503 respectively drive a plurality of pistons 504 to move upwards, so that a plurality of shunt pipes 402 respectively slide upwards to the upper side of a second pipeline 404, so as to block the shunt pipes 402, a first water pump 406 is started to convey rainwater in a water storage tank 2 to a third pipeline 407, then the rainwater flows into the shunt pipes 402 through the third pipeline 407, the shunt pipes 402 are filled, the first water pump 406 is closed, solar radiation 403 is carried out, heat insulation boards transfer heat to rainwater in the shunt pipes 402, so that the heat is transferred to a building wall 1, the heat is prevented from flowing into a room, the burden is reduced, the refrigeration of an air conditioning unit 403 is reduced, the energy-saving effect is achieved, when the temperature of the rainwater in the shunt pipes 402 is higher, the two second telescopic cylinders 501 simultaneously drive the second linkage plate 502 to move downwards, so that the pistons 504 are respectively separated from the shunt pipes 402, rainwater with high temperature flows into the diversion compartment 3 and then flows into a sewer through the first pipeline 4, when the rainwater in the water storage tank 2 is insufficient, the top cover 6 is manually opened, and then clean water is injected into the water storage tank 2 together with the water pump; in heavy rain, the water flow in the groove of the concave-convex plate 202 is strong, the two first telescopic cylinders 301 simultaneously push the first linkage plate 302 to move upwards, the first linkage plate 302 drives the two slide bars 303 to move upwards, the two slide bars 303 simultaneously drive the first flow blocking blocks 304 to move upwards, and the first flow blocking blocks 304 respectively cover the first guide cylinders 203, so that the water flow is prevented from impacting the soil in the soil groove of the concave-convex plate 202, and the soil loss is reduced; when the green plants 5 need to be irrigated, the second water pump 601 is started to convey rainwater in the water storage tank 2 to the fourth pipeline 602, then the rainwater flows into the second semicircular pipe 603 from the fourth pipeline 602, when the water level in the second semicircular pipe 603 is higher than that of the conical flow guide body 604, the rainwater uniformly flows into the conical flow guide bodies 604, then the rainwater respectively flows into the grooves of the concave-convex plate 202 from the conical flow guide bodies 604, the second flow blocking block 305 blocks the rainwater, so that a part of the rainwater flows into the first flow guiding cylinder 203 which is obliquely arranged, then flows into the soil pit of the concave-convex plate 202, the green plants 5 are irrigated, meanwhile, the first flow guiding cylinder 203 prevents soil from flowing out into the concave-convex plate 202, because the soil pit of the concave-convex plate 202 is obliquely arranged, the water is enabled to be arranged at the lower part of the right side of the soil pit of the concave-convex plate 202, and at the moment, excessive water flows back to the grooves of the concave-convex plate 202 through the second flow guiding cylinders 204, and second draft tube 204 flows and prevents earth outflow, realized automatic collection to the rainwater during use, and utilize the rainwater of collecting to carry out thermal-insulated heat absorption to the wall and handle, thereby it is indoor to reduce the heat to flow in through the wall, thereby reduce air conditioning unit's refrigeration burden, and then reach energy-conserving effect, utilize the rainwater of collecting to irrigate the plant simultaneously, the water economy resource, avoided simultaneously influencing the phenomenon that vegetation is grown because of the rainwater gathers in earth lower part, and carry out the separation at torrential rain weather to rivers, reduce earth loss phenomenon, still realized automatic impurity clean up in the rainwater, and automatically with too much rainwater drainage sewer.
Example 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 12 to 13, the building wall 1 further includes a protection component, the protection component is installed at the left part of the upper side of the building wall 1, and the protection component includes a second support frame 701, an electric rotating shaft 702, a protective cover 703, a limiting plate 704, a second limiting block 705, a connecting block 706, a first electric expansion device 707, and a second electric expansion device 708; a second support frame 701 is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper side of the building wall body 1; an electric rotating shaft 702 is arranged at the upper part of the second support frame 701; the output shaft of the electric rotating shaft 702 is fixedly connected with a protective cover 703; two limiting plates 704 are welded at the upper part of the left side of the protective cover 703; two second limiting blocks 705 are welded at the lower part of the left side of the protective cover 703; two connecting blocks 706 are fixedly connected to the left part of the upper side of the building wall 1; a first electric expansion piece 707 is arranged on the left side of each of the two connecting blocks 706, and an explosion-proof shell is arranged on the outer side of each first electric expansion piece 707; the telescopic ends of the two first electric retractors 707 are respectively spliced with two second limiting blocks 705; two second electric retractors 708 are fixed to the upper portion of the front side of the heat shield 403.
The building wall body comprises a building wall body 1 and is characterized by further comprising a collecting assembly, wherein the collecting assembly is arranged on the front side of the building wall body 1 and comprises a fifth pipeline 801, a sixth pipeline 802, a funnel 803 and a hard filter screen 804; the front part of the left side of the protective cover 703 is communicated with a fifth pipeline 801; the lower part of the front side of the building wall body 1 is connected with a sixth pipeline 802 through a bracket; the upper part of the sixth pipeline 802 is communicated with a funnel 803; a hard filter screen 804 is fixedly connected to the upper side of the funnel 803, and the hard filter screen 804 is conical; the sixth pipe 802 communicates with the water storage tank 2.
In rainy days, rainwater falls into the protective cover 703 and then flows into the funnel 803 through the fifth pipeline 801 and the hard filter screen 804, the hard filter screen 804 filters impurities, then the rainwater flows into the water storage tank 2 through the funnel 803 and the sixth pipeline 802 to be collected, in hail weather, the two second electric retractors 708 perform contraction movement to separate the telescopic ends of the two second electric retractors 708 from the two second limiting blocks 705, then the electric rotating shaft 702 drives the protective cover 703 to turn rightwards for one hundred and eighty degrees to coat the plurality of green plants 5 by the protective cover 703, then the two first electric retractors 707 perform elongation movement to insert the telescopic ends of the two first electric retractors 707 into the two limiting plates 704 respectively to fix the protective cover 703, thereby protecting the plurality of green plants 5 by the protective cover 703 and preventing hail from damaging the green plants 5, and simultaneously the protective cover 703 is used for preventing the green plants 5 from being blown down by strong wind, meanwhile, the protective cover 703 is used for preventing the snowfall from frostbite the green plants 5, so that automatic collection of rainwater in the further technical scheme is realized during use, and meanwhile, the plants are protected in severe weather.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A green building with environment-friendly and energy-saving functions comprises a building wall body (1), a water storage tank (2), a diversion cabin (3), a first pipeline (4), green plants (5) and a top cover (6); a water storage tank (2) is arranged below the right side of the building wall body (1); a diversion cabin (3) is fixedly connected to the left side of the water storage tank (2); the lower side of the diversion cabin (3) is communicated with a first pipeline (4); a top cover (6) is inserted in the middle of the upper side of the water storage tank (2); the device is characterized by also comprising an irrigation component, a flow choking component, a heat insulation component, an impurity removal component and a conveying component; an irrigation assembly for irrigating and collecting rainwater is arranged at the right part of the upper side of the building wall body (1); a flow resisting component for preventing soil loss is arranged on the upper side of the irrigation component; a plurality of green plants (5) are planted on the upper side of the irrigation assembly, and the green plants (5) and the flow blocking assemblies are distributed at intervals; the right side of the building wall body (1) is provided with a heat insulation assembly for reducing heat inflow into a room; the heat insulation assembly is connected with the irrigation assembly; the heat insulation component is connected with the water storage tank (2); an impurity removal assembly for removing impurities in rainwater is arranged on the inner side of the diversion cabin (3); the impurity removing component is connected with the heat insulation component; the upper part of the left side of the irrigation assembly is provided with a conveying assembly for conveying rainwater; the conveying assembly is connected with the building wall (1); the conveying component is connected with the water storage tank (2).
2. The green building with the environmental protection and energy saving functions as claimed in claim 1, wherein the irrigation assembly comprises a first support frame (201), a concave-convex plate (202) and a flow guide assembly; a first support frame (201) is fixedly connected to the right part of the upper side of the building wall body (1); a concave-convex plate (202) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the first support frame (201), and a plurality of soil grooves are arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate (202) at equal intervals; a plurality of soil grooves of the concave-convex plate (202) are contacted with a plurality of green plants (5); a plurality of flow guiding closing pieces are equidistantly arranged on the upper side of the concave-convex plate (202); the concave-convex plate (202) is connected with the flow resisting component; the concave-convex plate (202) is connected with the heat insulation assembly; the first support frame (201) is connected with the conveying assembly; the flow guide assembly comprises a first flow guide cylinder (203) and a second flow guide cylinder (204); a plurality of first guide cylinders (203) are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate (202) in a penetrating manner, and the front and rear adjacent first guide cylinders (203) are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction; a plurality of second draft tubes (204) are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the soil groove of the concave-convex plate (202) in a penetrating mode, the second draft tubes (204) are located below the right sides of the first draft tubes (203), and the front and rear adjacent second draft tubes (204) are symmetrically arranged in the front and rear direction.
3. The green building with the environment-friendly and energy-saving functions as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first guide cylinder (203) and the second guide cylinder (204) are provided with a plurality of through holes penetrating into the soil groove inner side part of the concave-convex plate (202).
4. The environment-friendly energy-saving building as claimed in claim 2, wherein the flow resisting component comprises a first telescopic cylinder (301), a first linkage plate (302) and a flow limiting element; the left part of the front side and the left part of the rear side of the concave-convex plate (202) are fixedly connected with a first telescopic cylinder (301), and the telescopic ends of the two first telescopic cylinders (301) are fixedly connected with a first linkage plate (302); a plurality of current limiting pieces are equidistantly arranged on the right side of the first linkage plate (302); the plurality of flow limiting elements are connected with the concave-convex plate (202); the flow limiting element comprises a sliding rod (303), a first flow blocking block (304) and a second flow blocking block (305); a plurality of groups of sliding rods (303) which are symmetrical front and back are fixedly connected to the right side of the first linkage plate (302); the two groups of sliding rods (303) are symmetrically arranged in front and back, and the plurality of groups of sliding rods (303) are in sliding connection with the concave-convex plate (202); a plurality of first flow blocking blocks (304) are fixedly connected to the lower sides of the group of sliding rods (303) at equal intervals; a second flow blocking block (305) is fixedly connected to the left sides of the first flow blocking blocks (304); the first plurality of flow blocking blocks (304) and the second plurality of flow blocking blocks (305) are in contact with the relief plate (202).
5. A green building with environment-friendly and energy-saving functions as claimed in claim 4, wherein the heat insulation assembly comprises a first semicircular pipe (401), a shunt pipe (402), a heat insulation plate (403), a second pipeline (404), a filter screen (405), a first water pump (406) and a third pipeline (407); a first semicircular pipe (401) is fixedly connected to the lower part of the right side of the concave-convex plate (202); a heat insulation plate (403) is fixedly connected to the right side of the building wall body (1); a plurality of shunt tubes (402) are fixedly connected inside the heat insulation plate (403); the upper parts of the plurality of shunt tubes (402) are communicated with the first semicircular tube (401); a second pipeline (404) is communicated with the right side of the lower part of each shunt pipe (402); a filter screen (405) is fixedly connected to the left part of the inner side of each of the second pipelines (404); the second pipelines (404) are communicated with the water storage tank (2); a first water pump (406) is arranged at the left part of the inner side of the water storage tank (2); the output end of the first water pump (406) is communicated with a third pipeline (407); the third pipeline (407) is fixedly connected with the building wall body (1) through a bracket; the upper part of the third pipeline (407) is communicated with the first semicircular pipe (401); the lower parts of the plurality of shunt pipes (402) are connected with the impurity removing component.
6. The green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving as claimed in claim 5, wherein the trash removal assembly comprises a second telescopic cylinder (501), a second linkage plate (502), a push rod (503) and a piston (504); two second telescopic cylinders (501) are fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner side of the diversion cabin (3); the telescopic ends of the two second telescopic cylinders (501) are fixedly connected with a second linkage plate (502); a plurality of push rods (503) are fixedly connected to the upper side of the second linkage plate (502); the upper ends of the push rods (503) are fixedly connected with a piston (504); the plurality of pistons (504) are slidably coupled to the plurality of shunt tubes (402), respectively.
7. The green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving as claimed in claim 6, wherein the delivery assembly comprises a second water pump (601), a fourth pipeline (602), a second semicircular pipe (603) and a conical flow guide body (604); a second water pump (601) is arranged at the rear part of the inner side of the water storage tank (2); the output end of the second water pump (601) is communicated with a fourth pipeline (602); the fourth pipeline (602) is fixedly connected with the building wall (1) through a bracket; a second semicircular pipe (603) is fixedly connected to the upper part of the left side of the first support frame (201); the upper part of the fourth pipeline (602) is communicated with the second semicircular pipe (603); the right side of the second semicircular pipe (603) is communicated with a plurality of conical flow deflectors (604).
8. The green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving as claimed in claim 7, further comprising a protection component, wherein the protection component is installed at the left part of the upper side of the building wall (1), and comprises a second support frame (701), an electric rotating shaft (702), a protective cover (703), a limiting plate (704), a second limiting block (705), a connecting block (706), a first electric expansion piece (707) and a second electric expansion piece (708); a second support frame (701) is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper side of the building wall body (1); the upper part of the second support frame (701) is provided with an electric rotating shaft (702); the output shaft of the electric rotating shaft (702) is fixedly connected with a protective cover (703); two limit plates (704) are fixedly connected to the upper part of the left side of the protective cover (703); two second limiting blocks (705) are fixedly connected to the lower portion of the left side of the protective cover (703); two connecting blocks (706) are fixedly connected to the left part of the upper side of the building wall body (1); a first electric expansion piece (707) is arranged on the left side of each of the two connecting blocks (706), and an explosion-proof shell is arranged on the outer side of each first electric expansion piece (707); the telescopic ends of the two first electric retractors (707) are respectively spliced with the two second limiting blocks (705); two second electric retractors (708) are fixedly connected to the upper part of the front side of the heat insulation plate (403).
9. The green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving as claimed in claim 8, further comprising a collecting component, wherein the collecting component is installed on the front side of the building wall body (1), and comprises a fifth pipeline (801), a sixth pipeline (802), a funnel (803) and a hard filter screen (804); the front part of the left side of the protective cover (703) is communicated with a fifth pipeline (801); the lower part of the front side of the building wall body (1) is connected with a sixth pipeline (802) through a bracket; the upper part of the sixth pipeline (802) is communicated with a funnel (803); a hard filter screen (804) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the funnel (803); the sixth pipeline (802) is communicated with the water storage tank (2).
10. The green building with the functions of environmental protection and energy saving as claimed in claim 9, wherein the hard filter screen (804) is conical.
CN202111477111.8A 2021-12-06 2021-12-06 Green building with environmental protection and energy saving functions Active CN114128530B (en)

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