CN1132985C - Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration - Google Patents

Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1132985C
CN1132985C CN 97106191 CN97106191A CN1132985C CN 1132985 C CN1132985 C CN 1132985C CN 97106191 CN97106191 CN 97106191 CN 97106191 A CN97106191 A CN 97106191A CN 1132985 C CN1132985 C CN 1132985C
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China
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mould
hollow
mold
millimeters
building
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CN 97106191
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1216332A (en
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刘方俊
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刘方俊
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Publication of CN1132985C publication Critical patent/CN1132985C/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a mould, a method by using the mould for constructing a building and a method by using the mould for exterior decoration. Construction concrete specified by a national standard is filled in the mould made of steel moulding plates, and a hollow wall is made at a time; materials for exterior decoration, such as ceramic tiles or mosaic, quartz stone, etc., can also be put in the mould, and the exterior decoration work of the ceramic tiles or the mosaic and the quartz stone can also be completed while the hollow wall is made. A building period is shortened, 50% of building cost expenses can also be decreased, and the present invention provides the novel mould and the method by using the mould for constructing a building and for exterior decoration for modern building industry.

Description

Mould and the method and the exterior decoration method of building the building with this mould

Technical field: the invention belongs to the building trade field, exactly belong to instrument for building and the method that builds a building thereof and exterior decoration method.

Background technology: the domestic existing method that builds a building all be adopt brick, watt, raw material such as cement, sand, reinforcing bar, make by artificial assembling and to form.In the process that builds a building, need repeatedly prick shelf, tear shelf open, when the needs exterior decoration, as paste porcelain watt or masaic, granitic plaster diamond stone etc., all be after building is built completion, to prick shelf again, carry out these exterior decoration operations, so not only waste of manpower, material resources by high-caliber construction worker, and building costs is improved, construction period increases.

Purpose of the present invention just provides a kind ofly can accelerate construction period, reduces the mould of building costs and the method and the exterior decoration method of building the building with this mould thereof.

Summary of the invention: this mould provided by the invention, it is made up of wall outer mold, hollow mould, lever, connecting rod, frame plate, protective screening.Hollow mould is placed in the middle of two wall outer molds, and connecting rod couples together two wall outer molds and hollow mould, and lever is positioned at the bottom of wall outer mold, and lever is connected by pin with the wall outer mold, and frame plate is placed on the lever, and protective screening is enclosed within the lever external end head.

The present invention builds the method in building, (1) coats the soap slurry in the wall outer mold inboard of mould, the many groups wall outer mold that scribbles the soap slurry is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, the position of the column that the building building is used is in two wall outer molds, and building bar is fixed on the stud, reinforcing bar combines with the ground collar tie beam, will organize hollow mould more again and be fixed in two wall outer molds with connecting rod equally spacedly; (2) build concrete of adding national Specification in the many groups mould that fixes, after filling up, with vibrating head with concrete jolt ramming, to grow is 200 millimeters dark 100 millimeters-200 millimeters places of concrete after-400 millimeters building bars insertion jolt ramming again, after 20 minutes-40 minutes, earlier hollow mould is extracted, treat concrete setting after, again the wall outer mold is dismantled, form first section hollow wall; (3) after 1 day-2 days, topped up with water in first section hollow wall, hollow wall is carried out maintenance, after first section hollow wall of maintenance, on first section hollow wall, fix mould again, to organize the inboard of wall outer mold [1] more earlier and coat the soap slurry, the bottom of wall outer mold be adjacent to first section hollow wall apart from the upper end 90 millimeters-100 millimeters places, again the lever on the wall outer mold is moved vertical with the wall outer mold, antiskid glue cushion on the lever is close on first section hollow wall, simultaneously protective screening is enclosed within the outer end of lever, frame plate is placed on the lever, like this, the wall outer mold just is fixed on first section hollow wall, hollow mould is inserted in 90 millimeters-110 millimeters suitable for reading of the hollow distance of first section hollow wall, with connecting rod wall outer mold and hollow mould are connected and fixed again, continue to fix building bar building on the position of building with column, can carry out the making of second section hollow wall, up to meeting the requirements of the wall height; (4) after the well whole hollow wall of maintenance, hollow position in hollow wall is dosed heat insulating material, seal the hollow upper top of wall afterwards, carry out the making of floor roof, the steel form of earlier prefabricated top board being used supports to level, on horizontal plane, complete the three-ply board that scribbles the soap slurry, around prefabricated top board, fix the special-purpose steel template, the height of special-purpose steel template is identical with the thickness that top board requires, and to have spacing on two relative special-purpose steel templates be 20 millimeters-50 millimeters, diameter is a plurality of circular holes of 40 millimeters-70 millimeters, with the flat frame of isodiametric many steel pipes on the circular hole of special-purpose steel template, in the special-purpose steel template, dose the build concrete of national Specification then, fill up the back and use vibrator jolt ramming, and with the horizontal plane levelling of top board, after 25 minutes-35 minutes, extract hollow steel pipe out, the good top board of maintenance is promptly finished the making of first floor; (5) on the basis of first floor, can build second floor, third story layer with identical method, up to meeting the requirements of floor.

Exterior decoration method of the present invention, the exterior decoration method of porcelain watt or masaic at first, one deck ground paper is sticked in wall outer mold inboard at mould, one deck paper is also sticked in front at porcelain watt or masaic, the porcelain watt or the masaic that will stick paper then are attached on the ground paper of wall outer mold inboard equably, again the wall outer mold that posts porcelain watt or masaic is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, protect porcelain watt or the masaic that is attached to wall outer mold inboard with sheet iron plate, after fixing hollow mould again, dose the build concrete of national Specification in the mould, after filling up concrete, sheet iron plate is slowly extracted out, use the vibrating head vibrated concrete then, like this, porcelain watt or masaic just are attached on the hollow wall; Secondly, the exterior decoration method of granitic plaster diamond stone, earlier mould is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, respectively being adjacent in the inboard of two wall outer molds of mould and putting into a thickness is 15 millimeters-25 millimeters plank, the size of this plank and wall outer mold measure-alike, fill up the build concrete of national Specification then in the mould, and use the vibrating head vibrated concrete, extract plank afterwards at leisure out, again the quartz that mixes is poured into the space that plank stays in mould, after filling up quartz, stopped 25 minutes-40 minutes, the wall outer mold is dismantled, keep hollow mould here, the water brush pours into the quartz in the mould, extracts hollow mould again out, has just finished the making of granitic plaster diamond stone outside hollow wall.

Description of drawings: manual of the present invention comprises five width of cloth accompanying drawings, and the drawing of accompanying drawing is described as follows:

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of mould.

Fig. 2 is the hollow mould schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is the lever schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is the protective screening schematic diagram.

Fig. 5 is the frame plate schematic diagram.

Among the figure: 1 is that buckle nose, 9 for the center be that firm muscle, 12 is a triangular groove for antiskid glue cushion, 10 is hitch, 11 to wall outer mold, 2 in order buckle nose, 8 for protective screening, 7 for frame plate, 6 for connecting rod, 5 for lever, 4 for hollow mould, 3.

Embodiment: this mould of the present invention is formed (seeing Fig. 1 and Fig. 5) by wall outer mold 1, hollow mould 2, lever 3, connecting rod 4, frame plate 5, protective screening 6.Hollow mould 2 is placed in the middle of two wall outer molds 1, connecting rod 4 couples together two wall outer molds 1 and hollow mould 2, and lever 3 is positioned at the bottom of wall outer mold 1, and lever 3 and wall outer mold 1 are connected by pin, frame plate 5 is placed on the lever 3, and protective screening 6 is enclosed within lever 3 external end heads.Wherein, wall outer mold 1 is the cuboid of being made by steel form, is added with firm muscle 11 around the wall outer mold 1, and there is button nose 7 top and bottom of wall outer mold 1, have triangular groove 12 on two end faces about wall outer mold 1.The upper end button nose 7 of wall outer mold 1 links to each other with connecting rod 4, and lower end button nose 7 links to each other with lever 3; Hollow mould 2 is hollow cuboids of being made by steel form, and there is center button nose 8 upper end of hollow mould 2; Lever 3 has pinhole for two ends and has the rigid body of antiskid glue cushion 9 in the bottom of one end pinhole; Connecting rod 4 has the rod iron of pinhole for two ends; Frame plate 5 is rectangular plank, and frame plate 5 is placed directly on the lever 3, so that go up people's operation; The plane reticulate body that protective screening 6 is made up of reinforcing bar, wire has hitch 10 in its underpart, hitch 10 is connected by pin with the external end head of lever 3.

Be described in detail the method for building the building with this mould below:

At first coat the soap slurry in wall outer mold 1 inboard of mould, the many groups wall outer mold 1 that scribbles the soap slurry is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, the position of the column that the building building is used is in two wall outer molds 1, and building bar is fixed on the stud, reinforcing bar combines with the ground collar tie beam, will organize hollow mould 2 more again and be fixed in two wall outer molds 1 with connecting rod 4 equally spacedly; Then, the build concrete that in the many groups mould that fixes, adds national Specification, after filling up, with concrete jolt ramming, will grow is 200 millimeters dark 100 millimeters-200 millimeters places of concrete after-400 millimeters building bars insertion jolt ramming again, after 20 minutes-40 minutes with vibrating head, earlier hollow mould 2 is extracted, after treating concrete setting, again wall outer mold 1 is dismantled, form first section hollow wall; After 1 day-2 days, topped up with water in first section hollow wall, hollow wall is carried out maintenance, after first section hollow wall of maintenance, on first section hollow wall, fix mould again, to organize the inboard of wall outer mold 1 more earlier and coat the soap slurry, the bottom of wall outer mold 1 be adjacent to first section hollow wall apart from the upper end 90 millimeters-100 millimeters places, again the lever on the wall outer mold 13 is moved vertical with wall outer mold 1, antiskid glue cushion 9 on the lever 3 is close on first section hollow wall, prevent that wall outer mold 1 from gliding, simultaneously protective screening 6 is enclosed within the outer end of lever 3, frame plate 5 is placed on the lever 3, like this, wall outer mold 1 just is fixed on first section hollow wall, then, hollow mould 2 is inserted in 90 millimeters-110 millimeters suitable for reading of the hollow distance of first section hollow wall, with connecting rod 4 wall outer mold 1 and hollow mould 2 are connected and fixed again, continue to fix building bar building on the position of building with column, can carry out the making of second section hollow wall, up to meeting the requirements of the wall height; After the well whole hollow wall of maintenance, hollow position in hollow wall is dosed heat insulating material, seal the hollow upper top of wall afterwards, carry out the making of floor roof, the steel form of earlier prefabricated top board being used supports to level, on horizontal plane, complete the three-ply board that scribbles the soap slurry, around prefabricated top board, fix the special-purpose steel template, the height of special-purpose steel template is identical with the thickness that top board requires, and to have spacing on two relative special-purpose steel templates be 20 millimeters-50 millimeters, diameter is a plurality of circular holes of 40 millimeters-70 millimeters, with the flat frame of isodiametric many steel pipes on the circular hole of special-purpose steel template, in the special-purpose steel template, dose the build concrete of national Specification then, fill up the back and use vibrator jolt ramming, and with the horizontal plane levelling of top board, after 25 minutes-35 minutes, extract hollow steel pipe out, the good top board of maintenance is promptly finished the making of first floor; On the basis of first floor, can build second floor, third story layer with identical method, up to meeting the requirements of floor.

Be described in detail the exterior decoration method of carrying out below, comprise porcelain watt or the exterior decoration method of masaic and the exterior decoration method of granitic plaster diamond stone with this mould:

The exterior decoration method of porcelain watt or masaic is to stick one deck ground paper in wall outer mold 1 inboard of mould, one deck paper is also sticked in front at porcelain watt or masaic, the porcelain watt or the masaic that will stick paper then are attached on the ground paper of wall outer mold 1 inboard equably, again the wall outer mold 1 that posts porcelain watt or masaic is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, protect porcelain watt or the masaic that is attached to wall outer mold 1 inboard with sheet iron plate, after fixing hollow mould 2 again, dose the build concrete of national Specification in the mould, after filling up concrete, sheet iron plate is slowly extracted out, use the vibrating head vibrated concrete then, like this, porcelain watt or masaic just are attached on the hollow wall; The exterior decoration method of granitic plaster diamond stone is earlier mould to be fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, respectively being adjacent in the inboard of two wall outer molds 1 of mould and putting into a thickness is 15 millimeters-25 millimeters plank, the size of this plank and wall outer mold 1 measure-alike, fill up the build concrete of national Specification then in the mould, and use the vibrating head vibrated concrete, extract plank afterwards at leisure out, again the quartz that mixes is poured into the space that plank stays in mould, after filling up quartz, stopped 25 minutes-40 minutes, wall outer mold 1 is dismantled, keep hollow mould 2 here, the water brush pours into the quartz in the mould, extracts hollow mould 2 again out, has just finished the making of granitic plaster diamond stone outside hollow wall.

The present invention is owing to having adopted particular manufacturing craft to build a building and having carried out exterior decoration, do not need tile floor of an artificial brick to assemble, but the disposable hollow wall of making is starched owing to scribble soap in wall outer mold 1 inboard, this can increase the slickness of wall, the skin of needn't plastering a wall again; When building a building, can finish the exterior decoration operation of porcelain watt or masaic, granitic plaster diamond stone, can not only shorten construction period, also can reduce building costs 50% simultaneously.Build a building with this mould, owing to be whole reinforced concrete structure, have effects such as good antidetonation, protection against the tide, sound insulation, insulation, the present invention already provides a kind of novel mould and the new method of building and decorating with this mould thereof for modern architecture.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of mould, it is characterized in that it is made up of wall outer mold [1], hollow mould [2], lever [3], connecting rod [4], frame plate [5], protective screening [6], hollow mould [2] is placed in the middle of two wall outer molds [1], connecting rod [4] couples together two wall outer molds [1] and hollow mould [2], lever [3] is positioned at the bottom of wall outer mold [1], lever [3] is connected by pin with wall outer mold [1], and frame plate [5] is placed on the lever [3], and protective screening [6] is enclosed within lever [3] external end head.
2, mould according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described wall outer mold [1] is the cuboid of being made by steel form, be added with firm muscle [11] around the wall outer mold [1], there is button nose [7] top and bottom of wall outer mold [1], have triangular groove [12] on two end faces about wall outer mold [1].
3, mould according to claim 1 is characterized in that described hollow mould [2] is the hollow cuboid of being made by steel form, and there is center button nose [8] upper end of hollow mould [2].
4, mould according to claim 1 is characterized in that described lever [3] has pinhole for two ends and has the rigid body of antiskid glue cushion [9] in the bottom of one end pinhole.
5, mould according to claim 1 is characterized in that described connecting rod [4] has the rod iron of pinhole for two ends.
6, mould according to claim 1 is characterized in that described frame plate [5] is rectangular plank.
7, mould according to claim 1 is characterized in that the plane reticulate body that described protective screening [6] is made up of reinforcing bar, wire, and hitch [10] is arranged in its underpart.
8, a kind of method of using mould as claimed in claim 1 to build the building is characterized in that:
A, coat the soap slurry in wall outer mold [1] inboard of mould, the many groups wall outer mold [1] that scribbles the soap slurry is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, the position of the column that the building building is used is in two wall outer molds [1], and building bar is fixed on the stud, reinforcing bar combines with the ground collar tie beam, will organize hollow mould [2] more again and use connecting rod [4] to be fixed in two wall outer molds [1] equally spacedly;
B, in the many groups mould that fixes, add the build concrete of national Specification, after filling up, with vibrating head with concrete jolt ramming, to grow is 200 millimeters dark 100 millimeters-200 millimeters places of concrete after-400 millimeters building bars insertion jolt ramming again, after 20 minutes-40 minutes, earlier hollow mould [2] is extracted, treat concrete setting after, again wall outer mold [1] is dismantled, form first section hollow wall;
C, after 1 day-2 days, topped up with water in first section hollow wall, hollow wall is carried out maintenance, after first section hollow wall of maintenance, on first section hollow wall, fix mould again, to organize the inboard of wall outer mold [1] more earlier and coat the soap slurry, the bottom of wall outer mold [1] be adjacent to first section hollow wall apart from the upper end 90 millimeters-100 millimeters places, move the lever [3] on the wall outer mold [1] vertical again with wall outer mold [1], antiskid glue cushion [9] on the lever [3] is close on first section hollow wall, simultaneously protective screening [6] is enclosed within the outer end of lever [3], frame plate [5] is placed on the lever [3], like this, wall outer mold [1] just is fixed on first section hollow wall, hollow mould [2] is inserted in 90 millimeters-110 millimeters suitable for reading of the hollow distance of first section hollow wall, use connecting rod [4] that wall outer mold [1] and hollow mould [2] are connected and fixed again, continue to fix building bar building on the position of building with column, can carry out the making of second section hollow wall, up to meeting the requirements of the wall height;
D, after the well whole hollow wall of maintenance, hollow position in hollow wall is dosed heat insulating material, seal the hollow upper top of wall afterwards, carry out the making of floor roof, the steel form of earlier prefabricated top board being used supports to level, on horizontal plane, complete the three-ply board that scribbles the soap slurry, around prefabricated top board, fix the special-purpose steel template, the height of special-purpose steel template is identical with the thickness that top board requires, and to have spacing on two relative special-purpose steel templates be 20 millimeters-50 millimeters, diameter is a plurality of circular holes of 40 millimeters-70 millimeters, with the flat frame of isodiametric many steel pipes on the circular hole of special-purpose steel template, in the special-purpose steel template, dose the build concrete of national Specification then, fill up the back and use vibrator jolt ramming, and with the horizontal plane levelling of top board, after 25 minutes-35 minutes, extract hollow steel pipe out, the good top board of maintenance is promptly finished the making of first floor;
E, on the basis of first floor, can build second floor, third story layer with identical method, up to meeting the requirements of floor.
9, a kind of exterior decoration method of using the described mould of claim 1 to carry out porcelain watt or masaic, it is characterized in that sticking one deck ground paper in wall outer mold [1] inboard of mould, one deck paper is also sticked in front at porcelain watt or masaic, the porcelain watt or the masaic that will stick paper then are attached on the inboard ground paper of wall outer mold [1] equably, again the wall outer mold [1] that posts porcelain watt or masaic is fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, protect with sheet iron plate and to be attached to inboard porcelain of wall outer mold [1] watt or masaic, after fixing hollow mould [2] again, dose the build concrete of national Specification in the mould, after filling up concrete, sheet iron plate is slowly extracted out, use the vibrating head vibrated concrete then, like this, porcelain watt or masaic just are attached on the hollow wall.
10, a kind of exterior decoration method of using the described mould of claim 1 to carry out the granitic plaster diamond stone, it is characterized in that earlier mould being fixed on the ground collar tie beam of handling well, respectively being adjacent in the inboard of two wall outer molds [1] of mould and putting into a thickness is 15 millimeters~25 millimeters plank, the size of this plank and wall outer mold [1] measure-alike, fill up the build concrete of national Specification then in the mould, and use the vibrating head vibrated concrete, extract plank afterwards at leisure out, again the quartz that mixes is poured into the space that plank stays in mould, after filling up quartz, stopped 25 minutes~40 minutes, wall outer mold [1] is dismantled, keep hollow mould [2] here, the water brush pours into the quartz in the mould, extract hollow mould [2] again out, outside hollow wall, just finished the making of granitic plaster diamond stone.
CN 97106191 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration CN1132985C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97106191 CN1132985C (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97106191 CN1132985C (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration

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CN1216332A CN1216332A (en) 1999-05-12
CN1132985C true CN1132985C (en) 2003-12-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 97106191 CN1132985C (en) 1997-11-04 1997-11-04 Formwork and its use method in building construction and outside decoration

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892743B (en) * 2010-06-19 2013-09-11 张培霞 Construction method of permanent housing
CN102383590B (en) * 2011-07-11 2015-11-25 雷灿波 A kind of split construction formwork combined system
CN105464255A (en) * 2014-04-15 2016-04-06 刘令 Production method of insulation-board foaming-cement cast-in-situ hollow wall
CN104612288B (en) * 2014-10-17 2016-08-31 孟宪庆 Slag light reinforced concrete shockproof cavity wall preparation method and the press that shakes
CN108978944A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-11 彭国洪 The wall of the fixed ceramic tile casting foamed cement of adhesive strip

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