CN113171244B - Nursing bed - Google Patents

Nursing bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113171244B
CN113171244B CN202110497909.2A CN202110497909A CN113171244B CN 113171244 B CN113171244 B CN 113171244B CN 202110497909 A CN202110497909 A CN 202110497909A CN 113171244 B CN113171244 B CN 113171244B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
plate
leg
lower leg
bed
Prior art date
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Application number
CN202110497909.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113171244A (en
Inventor
徐栋
张峰
苗帅
吕宁
宋广震
李全
蔡宝全
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Weihai Wego Qiquan Medical Equipment Co ltd
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Weihai Wego Qiquan Medical Equipment Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110497909.2A priority Critical patent/CN113171244B/en
Publication of CN113171244A publication Critical patent/CN113171244A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/012Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame raising or lowering of the whole mattress frame
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/053Aids for getting into, or out of, bed, e.g. steps, chairs, cane-like supports
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/08Apparatus for transporting beds

Abstract

The invention provides a nursing bed which comprises a bed frame and a bed board, wherein the bed frame comprises a bed bottom frame, an upper frame outer frame, an upper frame translation frame and a back leg adjusting frame, the bed board comprises a back board, a seat board, leg boards and shank boards, and the seat board is connected with a back leg connecting frame through bolts. The nursing bed has the advantages that due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the nursing bed can effectively assist a patient to stand, and all modules of the nursing bed are conveniently assembled through the connecting pins, so that the nursing bed is convenient to transport.

Description

Nursing bed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to an auxiliary standing nursing bed.
Background
The nursing bed is a common nursing facility in a hospital or a family, and realizes various nursing functions such as back lifting, turning over, defecation treatment, transfusion and drug administration and the like through an electric mechanism. The patient using the nursing bed usually has lost or limited self-moving ability, for the patient with lost motion ability, the motion of the patient depends on the assistance of the nursing staff completely, but for the patient with limited self-moving ability, such as the patient with damaged knee joint or the old with poor physical condition, the patient can use most functions of the nursing bed by the manual controller, but for the motion with more perfect lower limb moving ability or larger physical consumption, such as the motion from lying posture to standing posture, the patient also needs a certain degree of assistance of the nursing staff. The nursing bed in the prior art can be conveniently realized by folding a bed plate for supporting the back and a shank plate for supporting the shank; secondly, the patient stands up from the nursing bed, usually, the patient stands up at one side of the nursing bed, and before standing, the patient needs to perform a preparation action of suspending the lower leg at one side of the nursing bed; finally, rising up, the feet of the patient touch the ground, the legs exert force, the angle between the shank and the thigh is changed from 90 degrees to 180 degrees, and the patient stands independently.
In order to solve the action of a patient from a sitting posture to a standing posture, application number 2018116534350 discloses an auxiliary standing nursing bed, which can enable a folded bed board to rotate 90 degrees relative to a bed body by arranging a rotating push rod between the bed body and the bed board, so that a shank of the patient rotates to the side surface of the nursing bed, and a shank board supporting the shank of the patient is in a horizontal state perpendicular to the horizontal state. However, no relevant assistance is given to the patient's rising movement.
In the rising process of a patient, particularly in the process from 90 degrees to 120 degrees between a shank and a thigh, quadriceps femoris muscles are stressed most and act most difficultly, and the process is most painful for a patient with knee joint degenerative disease, so that upper body borrowing force is often needed to reduce the load of legs, and when the angle is more than 120 degrees, the stress of thigh muscles is gradually reduced. In addition, the distance between the sole of the foot and the ground is required to be further adjusted, and when the preparation action is completed, the patient's foot is usually in a suspended state and does not contact the ground, and before the rising action, the upper body needs to be twisted to the bed side, and the leg needs to be further extended out of the bed side, so that the patient's foot contacts the ground, which is also difficult for the patient.
The multifunctional property of the nursing bed inevitably improves the complexity of the structure, and meanwhile, the nursing bed also ensures the stability of the structure, so that most nursing beds are large in volume and heavy in weight. Due to the complex structure and high technical requirements for installation, the nursing bed in the prior art is usually assembled into a complete nursing bed in a factory during manufacturing, and then transported and carried to a use place. Because the volume of nursing bed is great, and weight is heavier, it is very inconvenient to carry, especially when as the family expenses, because the structural attribute of house, its elevator, passageway and door frame size are comparatively limited, and the transport of nursing bed is very inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a nursing bed, which can incline a bed board for bearing buttocks at a certain angle, so that a thigh and a horizontal plane form an included angle larger than 90 degrees, thereby reducing the difficulty of standing up a patient, the nursing bed is decomposed into a plurality of modules, and the modules can be conveniently disassembled and assembled through connecting pins, so that the nursing bed is convenient to carry.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a nursing bed comprises a bed frame and a bed board, wherein the bed frame comprises a bed underframe, an upper frame outer frame, an upper frame translation frame and a back leg adjusting frame, the bed underframe and the upper frame outer frame are connected through a scissor type lifting mechanism, the scissor type lifting mechanism comprises a scissor type fork arm group, the lower end of the scissor type fork arm group is connected with the bed underframe, the upper end of the scissor type fork arm group is connected with the upper frame outer frame through a first scissor arm and a second scissor arm, the end part of the first scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame is provided with a lifting connecting pin, the end part of the second scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame is provided with a lifting roller, the upper frame outer frame is respectively provided with a lifting connecting pin fixing seat matched with the lifting connecting pin and a lifting roller track matched with the lifting roller, the lifting connecting pin fixing seat is provided with a pin hole matched with the lifting connecting pin, the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame are connected through a sliding rail, a driving device for driving the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame to relatively slide is arranged between the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame, the back leg adjustment frame comprises a back adjustment frame, a leg adjustment frame, a shank plate pull-back frame and a back leg connecting frame, the back leg connecting frame is hinged with the upper frame translation frame, a driving device for driving the back leg connecting frame and the upper frame translation frame to relatively rotate is arranged between the back leg connecting frame and the upper frame translation frame, the back adjustment frame and the leg adjustment frame are respectively hinged with the back leg connecting frame, driving devices for driving the back adjustment frame and the leg adjustment frame to rotate around the back leg connecting frame are respectively arranged between the back adjustment frame and the back leg connecting frame, the shank plate pull-back frame is connected with the back leg connecting frame in a sliding manner through a sliding rail, a driving device for driving the shank plate pull-back frame and the back leg connecting frame to relatively slide is arranged between the shank plate pull-back frame and the back leg connecting frame, the bed board comprises a back board, a seat board, leg boards and shank boards, the seat board is connected with the back and leg connecting frame through bolts, the back board and the leg boards are hinged with the seat board respectively, the end parts, close to the leg boards, of the shank boards are hinged with the leg boards, and the middle parts of the shank boards are hinged with shank board pull-back frames.
According to the nursing bed, the bed head baffle is arranged at the bed head, and the baffle is not arranged at the bed tail. A translation electric push rod for driving the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame to slide relatively is arranged between the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame. One end of the back adjusting frame is hinged with the back leg connecting frame, a back electric push rod for driving the back adjusting frame to rotate around a hinged point is arranged between the back adjusting frame and the back leg connecting frame, and a lower leg plate pull-back electric push rod for driving the back adjusting frame to slide relatively is arranged between the lower leg plate pull-back frame and the back leg connecting frame. One end of the leg adjusting frame is hinged with the back leg connecting frame, and a leg electric push rod for driving the leg adjusting frame to rotate around the hinged point is arranged between the leg adjusting frame and the back leg connecting frame.
During the use, the elevating system action between bed chassis and the last frame outrigger will go up the frame outrigger and rise certain height, and then, back electric putter stretches out, drive back adjustment frame and roll over, shank electric putter stretches out, drive shank adjustment frame and roll over, shank board back pull electric putter shrink, the one end that the leg board was kept away from to the drive shank board moves down, backplate and leg board offset with back adjustment frame and shank adjustment frame respectively, back adjustment frame and leg adjustment frame drive backplate and leg board respectively and roll over, make the disease become the position of sitting by the appearance of lying. Then, the translation electric push rod pushes the upper frame translation frame to move towards the bed tail, the lower leg plate pulls back the electric push rod to continue to contract, and then the lower leg plate is driven to continue to turn downwards, so that the lower leg is suspended at the bed tail. Finally, the electric push rod is inclined to act, so that the back and leg connecting frame rotates around a hinge point between the back and leg connecting frame and the upper frame translation frame, the back and leg connecting frame forms a certain included angle with the horizontal plane, after the back and leg connecting frame is inclined, the seat plate is inclined along with the back and leg connecting frame, the hip part is jacked up, an obtuse angle is formed between the thigh and the shank, and the patient can stand easily.
After the nursing bed is processed, the bed bottom frame and the upper frame outer frame are separated, and the bed bottom frame and the upper frame outer frame are two components of the nursing bed with heavy weight, so that the bed bottom frame and the upper frame outer frame are separated, and the difficulty in the carrying process can be reduced. The bed underframe and the upper frame outer frame are connected in a lifting manner through the scissors fork arm group, and the two scissors fork arms at the lower end of the scissors fork arm group are respectively hinged and connected with the bed underframe bracket in a sliding manner. The lifting connecting pin is arranged on the first scissor arm at the upper end of the scissor arm group, the lifting connecting pin is fixedly connected with the first scissor arm, the lifting roller is arranged on the second scissor arm, the lifting roller shaft is fixedly connected with the second scissor arm, during installation, the lifting roller slides into the opening of the roller track matched with the lifting roller on the upper frame outer frame, then the lifting connecting pin is inserted into the pin hole of the lifting connecting pin fixing seat, and the assembly between the bed bottom frame and the upper frame outer frame can be realized, so that the operation is convenient and fast.
The back leg connecting frame is hinged with the upper frame translation frame through a connecting frame connecting pin.
After the nursing bed is processed, the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame are integrated, the back leg adjusting frame is another heavier component on the nursing bed, the back leg connecting frame of the back leg adjusting frame is hinged with the upper frame translation frame through the connecting frame connecting pin, one end of the inclined electric push rod is hinged to the upper frame translation frame, and the other end of the inclined electric push rod is hinged to the back leg connecting frame. During assembly, the connecting pin of the connecting frame is inserted into the pin hole between the upper frame translation frame and the back leg connecting frame, and then the end part of the inclined electric push rod is hinged with the back leg connecting frame, so that the assembly between the back leg adjusting frame and the upper frame translation frame can be realized. Before assembling, the inclined electric push rod is hinged with the upper frame translation frame into a whole.
The shank plate is hinged with the shank plate pull-back frame through a shank plate connecting pin.
The shank plate can be conveniently assembled with the shank plate pull-back frame through the shank plate connecting pin, and then the local assembly of the shank plate and the back leg adjusting frame is completed.
The lower leg plate pulling frame is provided with a lower leg plate sliding frame, the lower leg plate sliding frame comprises an inner lower leg plate sliding frame and an outer lower leg plate sliding frame, the inner lower leg plate sliding frame and the outer lower leg plate sliding frame are connected in a sliding mode through sliding rails, the middle of the outer lower leg plate sliding frame is hinged to the lower leg plate pulling frame through a lower leg plate connecting pin, and the inner lower leg plate sliding frame is hinged to the lower leg plate through a lower leg plate.
Articulated between shank board and the leg board, the middle part and the shank board pull-back frame of shank board are articulated, and when shank electric putter drove the leg board on the shank adjustment frame and folded over, the pin joint of leg board and shank board was upwards arched, and the shank board then can give shank board pull-back frame a trend to the motion of head of a bed direction, and at this moment, shank board pull-back electric putter need cooperate and contract, need closely cooperate between the electric putter. When the shank plate pulls back the electric push rod and continues to contract, when the shank plate is far away from one end of the leg plate and moves backwards, the shank plate can be pulled to be separated from the leg adjusting frame, and the hinge joint of the leg plate and the shank plate is arched upwards, so that the knee joint is lifted upwards, and the sitting posture stability and the comfort are not facilitated. The lower leg plate sliding frame is arranged on the lower leg plate pulling frame, when the leg plate is folded upwards, the lower leg plate inner sliding frame is drawn out from the lower leg plate outer sliding frame, so that the lower leg plate pulling electric push rods do not need to retract, and the tightness requirement of the action among the electric push rods is reduced. When the shank plate pulls back the electric push rod to continue to contract, and when the shank plate is far away from one end of the leg plate and moves downwards, the sliding frame in the shank plate is inserted into the sliding frame outside the shank plate, so that the hinged point of the leg plate and the shank plate can be kept unchanged, and the stability and the comfort of a sitting posture are improved.
The shank plate is composed of a first shank plate and a second shank plate, the first shank plate is hinged to the end portion, far away from the seat plate, of the shank plate, the second shank plate is hinged to the end portion, far away from the shank plate, of the first shank plate through a second shank plate connecting pin, and the second shank plate is fixedly connected with the inner sliding frame of the shank plate.
Through the second shank plate connecting pin, the second shank plate can be conveniently assembled with the first shank plate, so that the second shank plate is assembled with the first shank plate and then the whole bed plate at the upper part, and is assembled with the shank plate pull-back frame and then the back leg adjusting frame at the lower part.
When the upper frame translation frame moves to the bed tail, the lower leg plate pulls back the electric push rod to continue to contract, and then the lower leg plate is driven to continue to overturn downwards to the vertical state, so that the lower leg is suspended at the bed tail. The shank plate is divided into the first shank plate and the second shank plate, so that the bending smoothness between the shank plate and the shank plate in the folding process of the shank plate can be effectively increased, and the compression of the arched hinge point between the shank plate and the shank plate on the legs of a human body is reduced.
The backplate includes backplate and waist board, and the one end and the last backplate of waist board are articulated, and the other end and the bedplate of waist board are articulated.
The waist board makes more gentle when buckling between backplate and the bedplate, improves the travelling comfort.
The upper back plate, the waist plate, the seat plate, the leg plate and the first leg plate are sequentially connected end to end, the seat plate is connected with the back-leg connecting frame through bolts, the upper back plate abuts against the back adjusting frame, and the leg plate abuts against the leg adjusting frame.
After the seat board is connected with the back leg connecting frame, the back board, the waist board, the seat board, the leg board and the first lower leg board can be completely assembled on the back leg adjusting frame. .
The invention has the advantages and positive effects that: due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the nursing bed can effectively assist patients to stand, and the modules of the nursing bed are conveniently assembled through the connecting pins, so that the nursing bed is convenient to transport.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the lying position of the present invention
FIG. 2 is a top view of the lying position of the present invention
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the bed frame of the present invention
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a bed bottom frame and a scissor lift mechanism
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an upper frame outer frame and an upper frame translation frame
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a back leg attachment bracket
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the construction of the lower leg plate sliding frame
FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing a back plate folded up
FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing a sliding process of the upper frame translational carriage with respect to the upper frame outer carriage
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the bed plate during the sliding process of the upper frame translation frame relative to the upper frame outer frame
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the patient in standing position according to the present invention
In the figure:
11. bed underframe 12, upper frame outer frame 13 and upper frame translation frame
14. Back leg connecting frame 15, translation electric push rod 16 and scissor-fork type lifting mechanism
21. Back plate 23, seat plate 24 and leg plate
25. Shank board 121, lifting connecting pin fixing base 122 and lifting roller track
131. Connecting frame connecting pin 141, back adjusting frame 142 and leg adjusting frame
143. Shank plate pullback frame 144, dorsal leg connecting frame 145 and inclined electric push rod
146. Back electric push rod 147, leg electric push rod 148 and shank plate pull-back electric push rod
149. Lower leg plate sliding frame 161, lifting connecting pin 162 and lifting roller
211. An upper back plate 212, a waist plate 215, a first lower leg plate
252. Second shank plate 1431, shank plate connecting pin 1491, shank plate inner sliding rack
1492. Shank plate outer sliding frame 2525 and second shank plate connecting pin
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-11, the present invention:
a nursing bed comprises a bed frame and a bed board, wherein the bed frame comprises a bed underframe 11, an upper frame outer frame 12, an upper frame translation frame 13 and a back leg adjusting frame 14, the bed underframe 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 are connected through a scissor type lifting mechanism 16, the scissor type lifting mechanism 16 comprises a scissor type arm set, the lower end of the scissor type arm set is connected with the bed underframe 11, the upper end of the scissor type arm set is connected with the upper frame outer frame 12 through a first scissor arm and a second scissor arm, the end part of the first scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame 12 is provided with a lifting connecting pin 161, the end part of the second scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame is provided with a lifting roller 162, the upper frame outer frame 12 is respectively provided with a lifting connecting pin fixing seat 121 matched with the lifting connecting pin 161 and a lifting roller rail 122 matched with the lifting roller 162, the lifting connecting pin fixing seat is provided with a pin hole 121 matched with the lifting connecting pin 161, the upper frame outer frame 12 and the upper frame translation frame 13 are connected in a sliding way through a sliding rail, a driving device for driving the upper frame outer frame 12 and the upper frame translation frame 3 to slide relatively is arranged between the upper frame outer frame 12 and the upper frame translation frame 13, the back leg adjusting frame 14 comprises a back adjusting frame 141, a leg adjusting frame 142, a lower leg plate pull-back frame 143 and a back leg connecting frame 144, the back leg connecting frame 144 is hinged with the upper frame translation frame 13, a driving device for driving the back leg connecting frame 144 and the upper frame translation frame 13 to rotate relatively is arranged between the back leg connecting frame 144 and the upper frame translation frame 13, the back adjusting frame 141 and the leg adjusting frame 142 are respectively hinged with the back leg connecting frame 144, a driving device for driving the back adjusting frame 141 and the leg adjusting frame 142 to rotate around the back leg connecting frame 144 is respectively arranged between the back adjusting frame 141 and the leg adjusting frame 142 and the back leg connecting frame 144, the lower leg plate pull-back frame 143 is connected with the back leg connecting frame 144 in a sliding way through a sliding rail, a driving device for driving the lower leg plate pullback frame 143 and the back leg connecting frame 144 to slide relatively is arranged between the lower leg plate pullback frame 143 and the back leg connecting frame 144, the bed plate comprises a back plate 21, a seat plate 23, a leg plate 24 and a lower leg plate 25, the seat plate 23 is connected with the back leg connecting frame 144 through bolts, the back plate 21 and the leg plate 24 are respectively hinged with the seat plate 23, the end part of the lower leg plate 25 close to the leg plate 24 is hinged with the leg plate 24, and the middle part of the lower leg plate 25 is hinged with the lower leg plate pullback frame 143.
According to the nursing bed, the bed head baffle is arranged at the bed head, and the baffle is not arranged at the bed tail. A translation electric push rod 15 for driving the upper frame outer frame 12 and the upper frame translation frame 13 to slide relatively is arranged between the two frames. One end of the back adjusting frame 141 is hinged with the back-leg connecting frame 144, a back electric push rod 146 for driving the back adjusting frame 141 to rotate around a hinged point is arranged between the back adjusting frame 141 and the back-leg connecting frame 144, and a lower leg plate pull-back electric push rod 148 for driving the back adjusting frame 141 and the back-leg connecting frame 144 to slide relatively is arranged between the lower leg plate pull-back frame 143 and the back-leg connecting frame 144. One end of the leg adjusting frame 142 is hinged to the back leg connecting frame 144, and a leg electric push rod 147 for driving the leg adjusting frame 142 to rotate around the hinged point is arranged between the leg adjusting frame 142 and the back leg connecting frame 144.
During the use, the elevating system between the bed bottom frame 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 acts to raise the upper frame outer frame 11 by a certain height, and then the back electric push rod 146 stretches out to drive the back adjusting frame 141 to fold up, the leg electric push rod 147 stretches out to drive the leg adjusting frame 142 to fold up, the lower leg plate pulls back the electric push rod 148 to contract, the end of the lower leg plate 25 far away from the leg plate 24 is driven to move down, the back plate 21 and the leg plate 24 respectively abut against the back adjusting frame 141 and the leg adjusting frame 142, the back adjusting frame 141 and the leg adjusting frame 142 respectively drive the back plate 21 and the leg plate 24 to fold up, and the patient is changed from the lying posture to the sitting posture. Then, the translational electric push rod 15 pushes the upper frame translational frame 13 to move towards the bed tail, and the lower leg plate pulls back the electric push rod 148 to continue to contract, so as to drive the lower leg plate 25 to continue to turn downwards, thereby suspending the lower leg at the bed tail. Finally, the electric push rod is inclined to act 145, so that the back leg connecting frame 144 rotates around a hinge point between the back leg connecting frame 144 and the upper frame translation frame 13, the back leg connecting frame 144 forms a certain included angle with the horizontal plane, after the back leg connecting frame 144 is inclined, the seat plate 23 is inclined along with the back leg connecting frame, the hip part is jacked up, an obtuse angle is formed between thighs and shanks, and a patient can stand easily.
After the nursing bed is processed, the bed bottom frame 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 are separated, the bed bottom frame 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 are two heavy components of the nursing bed, and the bed bottom frame 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 are separated, so that difficulty in the carrying process can be reduced. The bed underframe 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 are connected in a lifting manner through the scissor arm group, and two scissor arms at the lower end of the scissor arm group are respectively hinged and connected with the bed underframe bracket in a sliding manner. The lifting connecting pin 161 is arranged on the first scissor arm at the upper end of the scissor arm group, the lifting connecting pin 161 is fixedly connected with the first scissor arm, the lifting roller 162 is arranged on the second scissor arm, the lifting roller shaft is fixedly connected with the second scissor arm, during installation, the lifting roller 162 slides into the opening of the lifting roller track 122 matched with the lifting roller on the upper frame outer frame 12, then the lifting connecting pin 161 is inserted into the pin hole of the lifting connecting pin fixing seat 121, and the bed bottom frame 11 and the upper frame outer frame 12 can be assembled conveniently and quickly.
The back leg connecting frame 144 is hinged 131 with the upper frame translation frame 13 through a connecting frame connecting pin.
After the nursing bed is processed, the upper frame outer frame 12 and the upper frame translation frame 13 are integrated, the back leg adjusting frame 14 is another heavier component on the nursing bed, the back leg connecting frame 144 of the back leg adjusting frame 14 is hinged with the upper frame translation frame 13 through the connecting frame connecting pin 131, one end of the inclined electric push rod 145 is hinged with the upper frame translation frame 13, and the other end of the inclined electric push rod is hinged with the back leg connecting frame 144. During assembly, the connecting frame connecting pin 131 is inserted into the pin hole between the upper frame translation frame 13 and the back leg connecting frame 144, and then the end of the inclined electric push rod 145 is hinged with the back leg connecting frame 144, so that the assembly between the back leg adjusting frame 14 and the upper frame translation frame 13 can be realized. The tilting electric push rod 145 is hinged to the upper frame translation stage 13 before assembly.
The shank plate 25 is hinged with the shank plate pullback frame 143 through a shank plate connecting pin 1431.
The calf plate 25 can be conveniently assembled with the calf plate pullback frame 443 by the calf plate connecting pin 1431, thereby completing the partial assembly of the calf plate 25 with the back leg adjustment frame 14.
The lower leg plate sliding frame 149 is arranged on the lower leg plate pull-back frame 143, the lower leg plate sliding frame 149 comprises an inner lower leg plate sliding frame 1491 and an outer lower leg plate sliding frame 1492, the inner lower leg plate sliding frame 1491 is connected with the outer lower leg plate sliding frame 1492 in a sliding mode through a sliding rail, the middle of the outer lower leg plate sliding frame 1492 is hinged with the lower leg plate pull-back frame 143 through a lower leg plate connecting pin 1431, and the inner lower leg plate sliding frame 1491 is hinged with the lower leg plate 24 through a lower leg plate 25.
The lower leg plate 25 is composed of a first lower leg plate 251 and a second lower leg plate 252, the first lower leg plate 251 is hinged with the end of the lower leg plate 24 far away from the seat plate 23, the second lower leg plate 252 is hinged with the end of the first lower leg plate 251 far away from the lower leg plate 24 through a second lower leg plate connecting pin 2521, and the second lower leg plate 251 is fixedly connected with a lower leg plate inner sliding frame 1491.
The second lower leg plate 252 can be easily assembled with the first lower leg plate 251 by the second lower leg plate connecting pin 2521, so that the second lower leg plate 252 can be assembled with the first lower leg plate 251 and thus with the entire bed plate at the upper side, and can be assembled with the lower leg plate retracting frame 143 and thus with the back leg adjusting frame 14 at the lower side.
The back plate 21 comprises an upper back plate 211 and a waist plate 212, one end of the waist plate 212 is hinged with the upper back plate 211, and the other end of the waist plate 212 is hinged with the seat plate 23.
The waist panel 212 makes the bending between the back panel 211 and the seat panel 23 more gentle, thereby improving the comfort.
The upper back plate 211, the waist plate 212, the seat plate 23, the leg plate 24 and the first lower leg plate 251 are sequentially connected end to end, the seat plate 23 is connected with the back leg connecting frame 144 through bolts, the upper back plate 211 abuts against the back adjusting frame 141, and the leg plate 24 abuts against the leg adjusting frame 142.
After the seat plate 23 is connected to the back leg connecting frame 144, the back plate 211, the waist plate 212, the seat plate 23, the leg plate 24 and the first lower leg plate 251 can be assembled on the back leg adjusting frame 14.
While one embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, the description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention. All equivalent changes and modifications made within the scope of the present invention shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a nursing bed, includes bedstead and bed board, its characterized in that: the bedstead comprises a bed underframe, an upper frame outer frame, an upper frame translation frame and a back leg adjusting frame, the bed underframe and the upper frame outer frame are connected through a scissor-fork type lifting mechanism, the scissor-fork type lifting mechanism comprises a scissor-fork arm group, the lower end of the scissor-fork arm group is connected with the bed underframe, the upper end of the scissor-fork arm group is connected with the upper frame outer frame through a first scissor arm and a second scissor arm, the end part of the first scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame is provided with a lifting connecting pin, the end part of the second scissor arm connected with the upper frame outer frame is provided with a lifting roller, the upper frame outer frame is respectively provided with a lifting connecting pin fixing seat matched with the lifting connecting pin and a lifting roller rail matched with the lifting roller, the lifting connecting pin fixing seat is provided with a pin hole matched with the lifting connecting pin, the upper frame outer frame is connected with the upper frame translation frame through a sliding rail in a sliding manner, a driving device for driving the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame to relatively slide is arranged between the upper frame outer frame and the upper frame translation frame, the back leg adjusting frame comprises a back adjusting frame, a leg adjusting frame, a shank plate pull-back frame and a back leg connecting frame, the back leg connecting frame is hinged with the upper frame translation frame, a driving device for driving the back leg connecting frame and the upper frame translation frame to rotate relatively is arranged between the back leg connecting frame and the upper frame translation frame, the back adjusting frame and the leg adjusting frame are respectively hinged with the back leg connecting frame, a driving device for driving the back adjusting frame and the leg adjusting frame to rotate around the back leg connecting frame is respectively arranged between the back adjusting frame and the back leg connecting frame, the shank plate pull-back frame is connected with the back leg connecting frame in a sliding mode through a sliding rail, a driving device for driving the shank plate pull-back frame and the back leg connecting frame to slide relatively is arranged between the shank plate pull-back frame and the back leg connecting frame, the bed plate comprises a back plate, a seat plate, a leg plate and a shank plate, the seat plate is connected with the back leg connecting frame through bolts, the back plate and the leg plate are respectively hinged with the seat plate, the end part of the shank plate close to the leg plate is hinged with the leg plate, and the middle part of the shank plate is hinged with the shank plate pull-back frame.
2. The care bed of claim 1, wherein: the back leg connecting frame is hinged with the upper frame translation frame through a connecting frame connecting pin.
3. The care bed of claim 1, wherein: the shank plate is hinged with the shank plate pull-back frame through a shank plate connecting pin.
4. The care bed of claim 1, wherein: the lower leg plate pulling frame is provided with a lower leg plate sliding frame, the lower leg plate sliding frame comprises an inner lower leg plate sliding frame and an outer lower leg plate sliding frame, the inner lower leg plate sliding frame and the outer lower leg plate sliding frame are connected in a sliding mode through sliding rails, the middle of the outer lower leg plate sliding frame is hinged to the lower leg plate pulling frame through a lower leg plate connecting pin, and the inner lower leg plate sliding frame is hinged to the lower leg plate through a lower leg plate.
5. The care bed of claim 4, wherein: the lower leg plate is composed of a first lower leg plate and a second lower leg plate, the first lower leg plate is hinged to the end, far away from the seat plate, of the leg plate, the second lower leg plate is hinged to the end, far away from the leg plate, of the first lower leg plate through a second lower leg plate connecting pin, and the second lower leg plate is fixedly connected with the inner sliding frame of the lower leg plate.
6. The care bed of claim 1, wherein: the backplate includes backplate and waist board, and the one end and the last backplate of waist board are articulated, and the other end and the bedplate of waist board are articulated.
7. The care bed of claim 6, wherein: the upper back plate, the waist plate, the seat plate, the leg plate and the first leg plate are sequentially connected end to end, the seat plate is connected with the back-leg connecting frame through bolts, the upper back plate abuts against the back adjusting frame, and the leg plate abuts against the leg adjusting frame.
CN202110497909.2A 2021-05-08 2021-05-08 Nursing bed Active CN113171244B (en)

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