CN210872590U - Multifunctional nursing bed - Google Patents

Multifunctional nursing bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210872590U
CN210872590U CN201921483960.2U CN201921483960U CN210872590U CN 210872590 U CN210872590 U CN 210872590U CN 201921483960 U CN201921483960 U CN 201921483960U CN 210872590 U CN210872590 U CN 210872590U
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China
Prior art keywords
support plate
connecting rod
frame
bed
bedstead
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CN201921483960.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江亚峰
阮文涛
袁明新
邱越
林述科
汤雨辉
薛子宁
江龙
徐超
申燚
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
Zhangjiagang Industrial Technology Research Institute of Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201921483960.2U priority Critical patent/CN210872590U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-functional nursing bed, including the bedstead, the frame construction of bedstead for being the cuboid form, back extension board, buttock extension board, thigh extension board and shank extension board are being connected gradually through the activity hinge by a left side to the right side along bedstead length direction on the bedstead top surface to the bed board of modularization concatenation has been constituted, the flexible action of the nursing bed of being convenient for, back extension board bottom is provided with lifts back mechanism, and thigh extension board and shank extension board below are provided with the mechanism of cranking leg. The utility model discloses a lift back of body mechanism and can jack-up back extension board, can change the contained angle between thigh extension board and the shank extension board through leg bending mechanism, make the utility model discloses a nursing bed has and lifts the back of body and stands up and leg bending function.

Description

Multifunctional nursing bed
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a medical care equipment technical field especially relates to a multifunctional nursing bed.
Background
The aging process of the population is accelerating all over the world, and the old people are easy to lie in bed due to the aging of the organism and the decline of the body function. In addition, the number of patients who need bedridden treatment due to disabilities caused by various disasters and diseases has increased year by year in recent years. When a patient lies in bed for a long time, the patient can suffer from unsmooth blood flow due to long-term compression of certain tissue by the weight of the body, and further complications such as bedsore, hyperosteogeny, osteoporosis, muscular atrophy and the like are caused, so that the patient is very important for timely, meticulous and scientific nursing. Nursing needs to be matched with a safe, convenient and comfortable nursing bed for preventing complications besides a full-time worker, so that the nursing efficiency and effect of a patient can be improved. In complications, bedsores and knee joint deformities are the main hazards, so that the nursing bed with the functions of lifting the back and turning over and bending legs is particularly important for long-term bedridden patients.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model aims at providing a multi-functional nursing bed, possesses fine security and travelling comfort simultaneously when nursing.
The utility model discloses an above-mentioned technical problem is solved to following technical means:
a multi-functional care bed, comprising:
the bed frame is of a rectangular frame structure, a cross beam is horizontally arranged in a top frame of the bed frame along the width direction of the bed frame, and the top frame of the bed frame is divided into a back support plate mounting frame and a hip support plate mounting frame by the cross beam;
the back support plate is horizontally arranged in the back support plate mounting frame and is hinged to the cross beam;
the back lifting mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the back support plate and comprises a first stepping electric push rod and a back lifting unit connected with the first stepping electric push rod, the back lifting unit comprises a triangular support and a connecting rod hinged to a lower corner supporting point of the triangular support, the upper corner supporting point of the triangular support is slidably mounted on the back of the back support plate along the length direction of the back support plate, the rest corner supporting point of the triangular support is rotatably arranged on a supporting beam of the bed frame, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with the first stepping electric push rod;
the hip support plate is horizontally arranged in the hip support plate mounting frame;
the other side of the thigh support plate is hinged to one end, close to the hip support plate mounting frame, of the bedstead;
the leg bending mechanism comprises a second-step electric push rod, a transmission unit and a leg bending unit, wherein the thigh support plate and the shank support plate are arranged on the leg bending unit, and the second-step electric push rod drives the leg bending unit to move through the transmission unit so as to change an included angle between the thigh support plate and the shank support plate; the transmission unit comprises a leg bending rotating shaft which is vertically arranged, and a lower lifting lug and an upper lifting lug which are fixedly sleeved on the leg bending rotating shaft, the leg bending rotating shaft is rotatably installed in the bedstead, the lower lifting lug and the upper lifting lug are identical in structure, the lower lifting lug and the upper lifting lug respectively extend towards two sides of the leg bending rotating shaft, the lower lifting lug is connected with the two-step electric push rod through a third connecting rod, one end of the third connecting rod is hinged to the lower lifting lug, the upper lifting lug is connected with a fifth connecting rod through a fourth connecting rod, and one end of the fifth connecting rod is hinged to a sixth connecting rod; the leg bending unit comprises an H-shaped connecting rod and a support hinged with the H-shaped connecting rod, the H-shaped connecting rod is arranged under the thigh supporting plate in parallel, the shank supporting plate is arranged on the support, the other end of the H-shaped connecting rod is provided with a sleeve, the other end of the sixth connecting rod is fixedly sleeved in the middle of the sleeve, and the sleeve is rotatably arranged on the bedstead.
Furthermore, the supporting beam is arranged below one end, close to the cross beam, of the back support plate, and two ends of the supporting beam are fixed on the bedstead.
Furthermore, a linear slide rail is arranged on the back of the back support plate along the length direction, a first slide block is arranged at the top end of the triangular support, and the first slide block is slidably mounted on the linear slide rail.
Further, the back extension board by main backplate with articulate the side shield board of main backplate both sides is constituteed, the top bilateral symmetry of A-frame is provided with arc branch, arc branch is L shape, keeps away from one section of A-frame towards the crooked segmental arc that forms of side shield board, the terminal rotation of segmental arc installs the gyro wheel, the gyro wheel roll is installed on the back of side shield board.
Furthermore, a first bearing frame is arranged below the hip support plate, the first bearing frame is fixedly arranged on the bedstead, and the first stepping electric push rod is arranged in the first bearing frame.
Furthermore, a second bearing frame is arranged on the bed frame, and the second stepping electric push rod is arranged on the second bearing frame.
Furthermore, the two ends of the bottom of the bed frame are provided with universal wheels with self-locking function.
Furthermore, foldable handrails are arranged on the bed frames on two sides of the hip support plate, and a tray is placed between the two handrails.
Furthermore, a fixed shaft is movably arranged in the sleeve in a penetrating way, and two ends of the fixed shaft are fixed on the bedstead.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the back support plate can be jacked up through the back lifting mechanism, and the included angle between the thigh support plate and the shank support plate can be changed through the leg bending mechanism, so that the nursing bed of the utility model has the functions of back lifting, turning over and leg bending;
(2) the bed board formed by connecting the back support board, the hip support board, the thigh support board and the shank support board through the movable hinges adopts a modular design, so that the flexibility of the back lifting and leg bending actions of the nursing bed is improved;
(3) the side protection plates on the two sides of the main back plate are matched with the arc-shaped supporting rods to form a back lifting mechanism, so that the side turning protection function of a patient can be realized in a self-adaptive manner while the back of the patient is lifted, and the angle of the protection plates can be increased in a self-adaptive manner along with the lifting angle of the back lifting;
(4) the leg bending mechanism realizes the leg bending process of matching the thigh support plate and the shank support plate, and simultaneously utilizes the principle that the slider-crank mechanism drives the parallelogram mechanism, thereby ensuring that the shank plate is always parallel to the ground and facilitating the falling of the patient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a multifunctional nursing bed;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a back plate configuration;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a back lifting mechanism;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a triangular bracket of the back lifting mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a leg bending mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a simplified structural schematic diagram of the leg bending mechanism;
wherein, 1, a bed frame, 2, a back support plate, 3, a hip support plate, 4, a thigh support plate, 5, a shank support plate, 6, an armrest, 7, a tray, 8, a back lifting mechanism, 9, a leg bending mechanism, 10, a main back plate, 11, a right protection plate, 12, a left protection plate, 13, a linear slide rail, 14, a first slide block, 15, a first bearing frame, 16, a first stepping electric push rod, 17, a first connecting rod, 18, a second connecting rod, 19, a triangular support, 20, a support beam, 21, an arc support rod, 22, an arc section, 23, a roller, 24, a second bearing frame, 25, a second stepping electric push rod, 26, a third connecting rod, 27, a leg bending rotating shaft, 28, a lower lifting lug, 29, an upper lifting lug, 30, a fourth connecting rod, 31, a fifth connecting rod, 32, a sixth connecting rod, 33, a sleeve, 34, an H-shaped connecting rod, 35, a support, 36, a thigh simplified support plate rod, 37, a shank simplified support plate, the simplified rod of the H-shaped connecting rod, 39, the simplified rod of the bracket, 40, the simplified rod of the sixth connecting rod, 41, the simplified rod connected between the third five connecting rods, 42 and the second sliding block.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in detail with reference to the following drawings and specific embodiments:
as shown in figure 1, the utility model discloses a multifunctional nursing bed, including bedstead 1, bedstead 1 is the frame construction who is the cuboid form, and back extension board 2, buttock extension board 3, thigh extension board 4 and shank extension board 5 are being connected gradually through the activity hinge along bedstead 1 length direction by a left side to the right side on the bedstead 1 top surface to constitute the bed board of modularization concatenation, be convenient for the flexible action of nursing bed. A cross beam is horizontally arranged in the top frame of the bedstead 1 along the width direction of the bedstead 1, and the top frame of the bedstead is divided into a back support plate mounting frame and a hip support plate mounting frame by the cross beam; the back support plate 2 is horizontally arranged in the back support plate mounting frame and is hinged on the cross beam through a movable hinge; the buttock support plate 3 is horizontally arranged in the buttock support plate mounting frame through bolts, foldable handrails 6 are arranged on the bed frame 1 at two sides of the buttock support plate 3, a tray 7 is arranged between the two handrails 6, the thigh support plate 4 and the shank support plate 5 are hinged with each other, and the other side of the thigh support plate 4 is hinged to one end, close to the buttock support plate mounting frame, of the bed frame 1 through a movable hinge; the back support plate 2 is provided with a back lifting mechanism 8 at the bottom, and a leg bending mechanism 9 is arranged below the thigh support plate 4 and the shank support plate 5.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2, the utility model discloses a back extension board 2 of multi-functional nursing bed comprises three symmetry and extension boards through activity hinged joint around by, and middle extension board is main backplate 10, and both sides are the side shield respectively, specifically are right side protection shield 11 and left side protection shield 12, and main backplate 10 back centre of the back is fixing linear slide rail 13 along its length direction, is equipped with first slider 14 on the linear slide rail.
As shown in fig. 1, 3 and 4, the back lifting mechanism 8 of a multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention comprises a first stepping electric push rod 16 mounted on a first bearing frame 15 under a bed frame 1, a first connecting rod 17 is hinged at the left end of the first stepping electric push rod 16, a second connecting rod 18 is hinged at the left end of the first connecting rod 17, a lower acute angle supporting point of a triangular bracket 19 is hinged at the left end of the second connecting rod 18, a right angle supporting point of the triangular bracket 19 is movably hinged on a supporting beam 20, the supporting beam 20 is arranged under one end of a back support plate 2 close to a cross beam, both ends of the supporting beam 20 are fixed on the bed frame 1, an upper acute angle supporting point of the triangular bracket 19 is movably hinged with a first slider 14, an arc-shaped supporting rod 21 perpendicular to the triangular bracket 19 is further fixed at the upper acute angle supporting point of the triangular bracket 19, the arc-shaped supporting rod 21 is L-shaped, a section far away from the triangular bracket 19 is bent towards the side, the upper end of the arc-shaped section 22 is also provided with a roller 23 which can rotate freely and is arranged on the back surface of the side protection plate in a rolling way. As the first stepping motor-driven push rod 16 is pushed out to the left, the triangular bracket 19 rotates clockwise around the lower acute angle supporting point on the supporting beam 20, and the first slide block 14 is pushed to move along the linear slide rail 13 to the direction close to the supporting beam 20, so that the back support plate 2 is lifted. Meanwhile, the roller 23 of the arc-shaped section 22 fixedly connected with the triangular support 19 also slides along with the first sliding block 14 to synchronously move towards the direction close to the supporting beam 20 at the back of the right side protection plate 11 and the left side protection plate 12, and the arc-shaped section 22 is curved, so that the right side protection plate 11, the main back plate 10 and the left side protection plate 12 automatically and synchronously form a concave shape, and therefore the lateral toppling of a patient caused by the lifting of the back support plate 2 is prevented, the concave curvature can be automatically increased along with the increase of the lifting angle of the back support plate 2, the back lifting protection function is effectively achieved, and the structure is ingenious and very suitable for the human body. Conversely, when the first step push rod 16 is retracted to the right, the back plate 2 will be lowered until it is flat as the triangular bracket 19 is rotated counterclockwise about its lower acute support point mounted on the support beam 20.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the leg bending mechanism 9 of the multi-functional nursing bed of the present invention comprises a second stepping electric pushing rod 25 mounted on a second bearing frame 24 under a bed frame 1, a third connecting rod 26 is hinged at the left end of the second stepping electric pushing rod 25, the left end of the third connecting rod 26 is movably hinged on a lower lifting lug 28 of a leg bending rotating shaft 27 perpendicular to the bed frame 1, both ends of the leg bending rotating shaft 27 are rotatably mounted on the bed frame 1 through bearings, an upper lifting lug 29 of the leg bending rotating shaft 27 is hinged at the left end of a fourth connecting rod 30, the right end of the fourth connecting rod 30 is hinged at the left end of a fifth connecting rod 31 through a cross universal joint, the right end of the fifth connecting rod 31 is hinged at the lower end of a sixth connecting rod 32 in the up-down direction, the upper end of the sixth connecting rod 32 is fixed at the middle of a sleeve 33 through a key, the sleeve 33 is located under the bed frame 1 and is parallel to the hip support plate 3, the two ends of the fixed shaft are fixed on the bedstead 1, so that the sleeve 33 can rotate corresponding to the fixed shaft, the left end of an H-shaped connecting rod 34 which is parallel to the thigh support plate 4 is fixed on the sleeve 33, and the right end of the H-shaped connecting rod 34 is hinged with a bracket 35 which is fixedly used for supporting the shank support plate 5.
As shown in fig. 1, 5 and 6, the leg bending mechanism 9 of the multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention is characterized in that the thigh support plate 4 is simplified to the thigh support plate simplified rod 36 between points A, B, the shank support plate 5 is simplified to the shank support plate simplified rod 37, the H-shaped link 34 is simplified to the H-shaped link simplified rod 38 between points D, C, the support 35 is simplified to the support simplified rod 39 between points B, C, the sixth link 32 is simplified to the sixth link simplified rod 40 between points C, E, the connections from the third link 26, the lower lifting lug 28, the leg bending rotating shaft 27, the upper lifting lug 29, the fourth link 30 to the fifth link 31 are simplified to the simplified rod 41 between the third five links between points E, F, and the second stepping electric push rod 25 is simplified to the second slider 42, whereby ABCD forms a parallelogram and CDEF forms a crank slider mechanism. The extension and retraction of the second-step electric push rod 25 is equivalent to the left and right movement of the second slide block 42, so that the motion of an ABCD parallelogram is driven, namely, the leg bending function of the multifunctional nursing bed is realized, and in the leg bending process, the shank support plate can be ensured to be always parallel to the ground, and the feet of a patient can be conveniently dropped.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will understand that the present invention can be modified or replaced with other embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which should be construed as limited only by the appended claims. The technology, shape and construction parts which are not described in detail in the present invention are all known technology.

Claims (9)

1. A multi-functional nursing bed, comprising:
the bed frame is of a rectangular frame structure, a cross beam is horizontally arranged in a top frame of the bed frame along the width direction of the bed frame, and the top frame of the bed frame is divided into a back support plate mounting frame and a hip support plate mounting frame by the cross beam;
the back support plate is horizontally arranged in the back support plate mounting frame and is hinged to the cross beam;
the back lifting mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the back support plate and comprises a first stepping electric push rod and a back lifting unit connected with the first stepping electric push rod, the back lifting unit comprises a triangular support and a second connecting rod hinged to a lower corner supporting point of the triangular support, the upper corner supporting point of the triangular support is slidably mounted on the back of the back support plate along the length direction of the back support plate, the remaining one corner supporting point of the triangular support is rotatably arranged on a supporting beam of the bed frame, and the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged to the first stepping electric push rod through a first connecting rod;
the hip support plate is horizontally arranged in the hip support plate mounting frame;
the other side of the thigh support plate is hinged to one end, close to the hip support plate mounting frame, of the bedstead;
the leg bending mechanism comprises a second-step electric push rod, a transmission unit and a leg bending unit, wherein the thigh support plate and the shank support plate are arranged on the leg bending unit, and the second-step electric push rod drives the leg bending unit to move through the transmission unit so as to change an included angle between the thigh support plate and the shank support plate; the transmission unit comprises a leg bending rotating shaft which is vertically arranged, and a lower lifting lug and an upper lifting lug which are fixedly sleeved on the leg bending rotating shaft, the leg bending rotating shaft is rotatably installed in the bedstead, the lower lifting lug and the upper lifting lug are identical in structure, the lower lifting lug and the upper lifting lug respectively extend towards two sides of the leg bending rotating shaft, the lower lifting lug is connected with the two-step electric push rod through a third connecting rod, one end of the third connecting rod is hinged to the lower lifting lug, the upper lifting lug is connected with a fifth connecting rod through a fourth connecting rod, and one end of the fifth connecting rod is hinged to a sixth connecting rod; the leg bending unit comprises an H-shaped connecting rod and a support hinged with the H-shaped connecting rod, the H-shaped connecting rod is arranged under the thigh supporting plate in parallel, the shank supporting plate is arranged on the support, the other end of the H-shaped connecting rod is provided with a sleeve, the other end of the sixth connecting rod is fixedly sleeved in the middle of the sleeve, and the sleeve is rotatably arranged on the bedstead.
2. A multi-functional nursing bed as defined in claim 1, wherein: the supporting beam is arranged below one end, close to the cross beam, of the back supporting plate, and two ends of the supporting beam are fixed on the bedstead.
3. A multi-functional nursing bed as defined in claim 2, characterized in that: the back of the back support plate is provided with a linear slide rail along the length direction, the top end of the triangular support is provided with a first slide block, and the first slide block is slidably mounted on the linear slide rail.
4. A multi-functional care bed according to claim 3, characterized in that: the back extension board comprises main backplate and the side protection board that articulates main backplate both sides, the top bilateral symmetry of A-frame is provided with arc branch, arc branch is L shape, keeps away from one section of A-frame towards the crooked arc section that forms of side protection board, the gyro wheel is installed in the end rotation of arc section, the gyro wheel roll is installed on the back of side protection board.
5. The multifunctional nursing bed as claimed in claim 4, wherein: a first bearing frame is arranged below the hip support plate, the first bearing frame is fixedly arranged on the bedstead, and the first stepping electric push rod is arranged in the first bearing frame.
6. The multifunctional nursing bed as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the bedstead is provided with a second bearing frame, and the second stepping electric push rod is arranged on the second bearing frame.
7. The multifunctional nursing bed as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the universal wheels with self-locking function are arranged at two ends of the bottom of the bedstead.
8. The multifunctional nursing bed as claimed in claim 7, wherein: foldable handrails are arranged on the bed frames on two sides of the hip support plate, and a tray is placed between the two handrails.
9. A multi-functional care bed according to claim 8, characterized in that: a fixed shaft is movably arranged in the sleeve in a penetrating way, and two ends of the fixed shaft are fixed on the bedstead.
CN201921483960.2U 2019-09-08 2019-09-08 Multifunctional nursing bed Active CN210872590U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921483960.2U CN210872590U (en) 2019-09-08 2019-09-08 Multifunctional nursing bed

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921483960.2U CN210872590U (en) 2019-09-08 2019-09-08 Multifunctional nursing bed

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CN210872590U true CN210872590U (en) 2020-06-30

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CN201921483960.2U Active CN210872590U (en) 2019-09-08 2019-09-08 Multifunctional nursing bed

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110478154A (en) * 2019-09-08 2019-11-22 张家港江苏科技大学产业技术研究院 It is a kind of multifunction nursing bed

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110478154A (en) * 2019-09-08 2019-11-22 张家港江苏科技大学产业技术研究院 It is a kind of multifunction nursing bed

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