CN113102373B - Ultrasonic cleaner system - Google Patents

Ultrasonic cleaner system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113102373B
CN113102373B CN202110550479.6A CN202110550479A CN113102373B CN 113102373 B CN113102373 B CN 113102373B CN 202110550479 A CN202110550479 A CN 202110550479A CN 113102373 B CN113102373 B CN 113102373B
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
pipeline
water
tank
drainage
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CN202110550479.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113102373A (en
Inventor
高贵焕
徐清
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Takahashi Metal Manufacturing Suzhou Co ltd
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Takahashi Metal Manufacturing Suzhou Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110550479.6A priority Critical patent/CN113102373B/en
Publication of CN113102373A publication Critical patent/CN113102373A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • B08B3/14Removing waste, e.g. labels, from cleaning liquid; Regenerating cleaning liquids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure

Abstract

The invention discloses an ultrasonic cleaner system, which at least comprises an ultrasonic cleaner, a second cleaning mechanism, a first cleaning mechanism, a clean water tank and a sewage tank; the second cleaning mechanism is connected with the clean water tank through a high-pressure liquid supply pipeline, and the cleaned wastewater is connected with the sewage tank through a first drainage filtering pipeline; the first cleaning mechanism is connected with the clean water tank through a low-pressure liquid supply pipeline, and the cleaned sewage is connected with the sewage tank through a second drainage filtering pipeline; the ultrasonic cleaning device is connected with the sewage tank through a filtering liquid supply pipeline, the sewage tank is connected with the sewage tank through a third drainage filtering pipeline, the sewage tank is communicated with the oil-water separation device through a drain pipe, and the water outlet end of the sewage tank is connected with the water purifying tank through a circulating pipeline. Each mechanism is controlled by a water suction pump, so that each mechanism can be independently operated, a filter is arranged before the water is pumped and enters the cleaning process, and the cleanliness of the pumped cleaning liquid is ensured; and after cleaning, the sewage is discharged through the corresponding drain pipes respectively, filtered and separated, and recycled through a circulating system.

Description

Ultrasonic cleaner system
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of machine manufacturing, and particularly relates to an ultrasonic cleaner system.
Background
The ultrasonic cleaning is to utilize cavitation, acceleration and direct flow of ultrasonic wave in the cleaning liquid to directly and indirectly act on the cleaning liquid and dirt to disperse, emulsify and strip the dirt layer so as to achieve the cleaning purpose. The ultrasonic cleaning machine is needed to be used in the ultrasonic cleaning process, and cavitation and direct current are more applied in the ultrasonic cleaning machine currently used.
Ultrasonic cleaning liquid is used in various ultrasonic cleaning machines as cleaning medium, and the ultrasonic cleaning liquid is chemical agent for accelerating the removal and release speed of various greasy dirt, grease, wax grease and stains by chemical action. In ultrasonic cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning liquid belongs to chemical action, and an ultrasonic cleaning machine is physical action, and the chemical action of the ultrasonic cleaning liquid and the physical action of the ultrasonic cleaning machine are combined to generate action together, so that a cleaning object can be cleaned more fully and thoroughly to achieve an effect.
However, the ultrasonic cleaning liquid becomes dirty more and more in the repeated use process, so that the cost is high when the cleaning liquid is replaced frequently, and great resource waste is caused. In order to solve the above problems, designing an ultrasonic cleaner system is an important technical problem to be solved by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving the above-mentioned problems of the prior art and providing an ultrasonic cleaner system.
The aim of the invention is achieved by the following technical scheme:
the ultrasonic cleaner system at least comprises an ultrasonic cleaner, a second cleaning mechanism, a first cleaning mechanism, a wind cutting mechanism, a clean water tank and a sewage tank;
the second cleaning mechanism is connected with the clean water tank for supplying cleaning liquid to the second cleaning nozzle through a high-pressure liquid supply pipeline, and a first water outlet at the bottom of a collecting tank for collecting waste water generated during cleaning of the second cleaning mechanism is connected with the sewage tank through a first water drainage filtering pipeline;
the first cleaning mechanism is connected with the clean water tank through a low-pressure liquid supply pipeline for supplying cleaning liquid to the first cleaning nozzle of the first cleaning mechanism, and a second water outlet at the bottom of the storage tank for collecting sewage formed during cleaning of the first cleaning mechanism is connected with the sewage tank through a second water drainage filtering pipeline; the ultrasonic cleaning device is connected with the sewage tank through a filtering liquid supply pipeline for supplying cleaning liquid to the cleaning tank, the ultrasonic cleaning device is connected with the sewage tank through a third drainage filtering pipeline, the sewage tank is communicated with the oil-water separation device through a drain pipe, and the water outlet end of the oil-water separation device is connected with the water purifying tank through a circulating pipeline.
Preferably, the first drainage filter pipeline comprises a first liquid drainage pipeline, the water outlet end of the first liquid drainage pipeline is connected with the liquid inlet end of the magnetic separator, and the water outlet end of the magnetic separator is connected with the sewage tank.
Preferably, the water outlet end of the first liquid draining pipeline is provided with a filter screen or the filter screen is arranged between the water outlet end of the first liquid draining pipeline and the magnetic separator.
Preferably, the low-pressure liquid supply pipeline comprises a second water pump, the second water pump is connected with the first cleaning device through a second pipeline, and a second filter is arranged on the second pipeline.
Preferably, the two second filters are arranged in parallel, and the filtering precision of the second filters is greater than that of the filter in the filtering liquid supply pipeline.
Preferably, the filtering liquid supply pipeline comprises a third water pump, the third water pump is connected with the cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning device through a third pipeline, and the third pipeline is connected with a two-stage first filter in series.
Preferably, the filtration precision of the two first filters is increased.
Preferably, the third drainage filtering pipeline comprises a second drainage pipeline connected with the cleaning tank, the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline is connected with the liquid inlet end of the magnetic separator, the water outlet end of the magnetic separator is connected with the sewage tank, and a filter screen is arranged at the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline or a filter screen is arranged between the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline and the magnetic separator.
Preferably, the first drainage filtering pipeline and the second drainage filtering pipeline share a filter screen and a magnetic separator.
Preferably, the sewage tank is also provided with an oil scraping machine.
The technical scheme of the invention has the advantages that:
each mechanism is controlled by a water suction pump, so that each mechanism can be independently operated, and a filter is arranged before the water is pumped and enters the cleaning machine to ensure the cleanliness of the pumped cleaning liquid; after cleaning, the sewage is discharged through the corresponding drain pipes respectively, and is filtered and separated, and the sewage is recycled through a circulating system, so that the sewage treatment device is more environment-friendly and sanitary;
the ultrasonic cleaning is carried out on the workpiece at the second support rail by controlling the second support rail to lift, and meanwhile, the position difference is generated between the ultrasonic cleaning mechanism and the high-pressure/low-pressure cleaning mechanism, so that the mutual water-bouncing and the mutual influence when different workpieces are cleaned at the same height are avoided;
the high-pressure cleaning mechanism, the low-pressure cleaning mechanism and the air-cutting mechanism are respectively provided with lifting cleaning/air-drying waterproof, and the distances between the spray heads or the air-drying heads positioned at the periphery, the upper bottom surface and the lower bottom surface of the workpiece and the jig and the workpiece are adjusted, so that dirt on the workpiece can be peeled off rapidly, the cleaning effect is improved, the cleaning speed is increased, and the working efficiency is improved;
a sprocket and a first tensioning gear are arranged between the chains to play a role in driving, supporting and tensioning the chains, and a certain space is formed between the sprocket and the first tensioning gear to prevent a part of the chains below from affecting the lifting of the second supporting rail;
the conveyor and the ultrasonic cleaner are integrated, so that the conveyor and the ultrasonic cleaner have stability of chain conveying and quick-drying function of ultrasonic cleaning, the cleaning performance is greatly improved, the application range is enlarged, and the use amount of customers is increased;
a lifting partition plate is arranged between two adjacent support plates or spray heads, so that the mutual influence between different mechanisms is effectively avoided, and the tightness and safety of each mechanism in the cleaning process are ensured.
Drawings
Fig. 1: a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2: a first partial perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3: a front view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4: FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 5: a second partial perspective view of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6: the ultrasonic cleaning device of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is a structural diagram;
fig. 7: structure of cleaning medium supply pipe of preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8: chain structure of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9: a cleaning system piping diagram of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The objects, advantages and features of the present invention are illustrated and explained by the following non-limiting description of preferred embodiments. These embodiments are only typical examples of the technical scheme of the invention, and all technical schemes formed by adopting equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation fall within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the embodiments, it should be noted that the positional or positional relationship indicated by the terms such as "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. are based on the positional or positional relationship shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description and simplification of description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in the specific orientation, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the scheme, the direction approaching the operator is the near end, and the direction separating from the operator is the far end, with reference to the operator.
As shown in fig. 1, the present invention discloses a pushing type ultrasonic cleaning machine, which includes an ultrasonic cleaning device 101, a rail 2 and a pushing device 1, wherein the specific structure of the ultrasonic cleaning device 101 is the prior art, for example, the structure disclosed in chinese patent CN206104451U is omitted herein. The ultrasonic cleaning device 101 is provided on the frame 9.
The number of the rails 2 is at least two, they are parallel to each other and are arranged at equal heights, the number of the rails 2 can be 2 or three, or more, the number of the rails can be 2, the width between the rails is smaller than the width or the length of a cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning device 101, the materials of the rails are selected according to the needs, and the rails can be made of various feasible materials such as metal, hard plastic and the like. The distance between the two rails is designed according to the size of the workpiece or the jig to be placed.
As shown in fig. 5, each track 2 has the same structure, and includes a first support rail 21, a second support rail 22, and a third support rail 23 that extend horizontally and are arranged in sequence. The first support rail 21, the second support rail 22 and the third support rail 23 are all straight rails, and they may be combined into a straight rail.
As shown in fig. 4 to 5, the top surfaces of the first support rail 21 and the second support rail 22 are at the same height and fixed on the frame 9, they are located above and at the left and right sides of the cleaning tank 1010 of the ultrasonic cleaning device 101, and the second support rail 22 is located between the first support rail 21 and the third support rail 23 and is opposite to the notch of the cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning device, and can be lifted and lowered relative to the first support rail 21 and the third support rail 23. In the first state, the second support rails 22 are located below the first support rail 21 and the third support rail 23 and are placed in the cleaning tank 1010 of the ultrasonic cleaning device 101, and at this time, the articles located on the two second support rails 22 can fall into the cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning device along with the second support rails 22 for ultrasonic cleaning; in the second state, two ends of the second support rail 22 are respectively connected with the first support rail and the third support rail, at this time, the second support rail 22 is flush with the top surfaces of the first support rail and the third support rail, the first support rail, the second support rail and the third support rail form a rail extending linearly, and the article can be moved from the first support rail 21 to the third support rail 23 through the second support rail 22.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the second support rail 22 is connected to a second lifting cylinder 221 for driving the second support rail 22 to lift relative to the first support rail 21 and the second support rail 22, the second lifting cylinder 221 is fixed on a mounting plate at the top end of the frame 9, the mounting plate is penetrated by a group of mutually parallel lifting shafts 222, the top end of the lifting shaft 222 is fixedly connected with a lifting plate 223 above the mounting plate, and the cylinder shaft of the second lifting cylinder 221 is upwards and fixedly connected with the lifting plate 223 and drives the lifting plate 223 to move up and down; the bottom end of the lifting shaft 222 is fixedly connected with a connecting plate 224, four connecting rods 225 at the four vertex angles of the connecting plate 224 are vertically fixed below the connecting plate, a throwing rod 226 vertical to the connecting rods 225 is arranged at the bottom ends of the two connecting rods 225 close to the first supporting rail, a throwing rod 226 vertical to the third supporting rail is arranged at the bottom ends of the two connecting rods 225 close to the third supporting rail, the two throwing rods are at the same height, and the two second supporting rails 22 are vertically erected on the two throwing rods 226. Thus, the second support rail 22 is driven by the second lifting cylinder 22 to switch between the first state and the second state.
Meanwhile, as shown in fig. 5, the two bars 24 are further disposed on the outer sides of the two rails 2, the bars 24 are preferably round bars and are higher than the rails, and the space between the two bars 24 is matched with the dimension of the jig or the workpiece, so that the workpiece or the jig can be effectively guided. Each stop lever is as multi-section as the rail, namely, comprises three sections of levers corresponding to the positions of the first support rail, the second support rail and the third support rail respectively, and simultaneously, one section of lever corresponding to the position of the second support rail 22 and the second support rail 22 are lifted synchronously.
When a workpiece or a jig is placed on the track, a pushing force needs to be applied to the workpiece or the jig by the pushing device 1 to enable the workpiece or the jig to move from one end of the track 2 to the other end, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the pushing device 1 comprises a group of pushing rods 12 which are parallel and perpendicular to the track, and the distance between every two adjacent pushing rods 12 can be adjusted according to the size of the jig or the workpiece, so that the workpiece or the jig can be positioned between every two adjacent pushing rods 12.
In order to enhance stability in the transportation process and the bearing capacity of the push rods 12, two push rods 12 are formed into a group, and are connected into a whole push rod through a connecting block 121, a storage space for placing a jig or a workpiece is formed between two adjacent push rod bodies, so that the space between the workpieces or the jigs is effectively pulled apart, interference during cleaning is avoided, and a section of space is kept between the adjacent storage spaces.
As shown in fig. 5 and 8, two ends of the push rod 12 extend to the outer sides of the two rails 2, and two ends of the push rod are respectively fixed on the chains 11, the shape of a chain ring surrounded by the two chains 11 is the same and coaxial, and the height of the upper layer of the chain ring surrounded by each chain 11 is slightly higher than that of the rails 2, so that when the push rod 12 rotating to the upper layer continues to rotate, a pushing force can be applied to an article on the rails 2 to enable the article to move along the rails. Each chain 11 is sleeved on a group of support chain wheels 110, the axis of each support chain wheel 110 is parallel to the push rod 12, and at least one support chain wheel 110 is connected with a motor 10 for driving the support chain wheels to rotate.
Specifically, the chains 11 are sleeved on two supporting sprockets 110 with equal height, the two supporting sprockets 110 are located at two ends of the track, and are respectively and rotatably arranged on the frame 9, a rotating shaft coaxially connected with one supporting sprocket 110 is connected with the motor 10, the motor 10 is preferably a gear motor and is fixed on the side part of the frame 9, so that the motor 10 is started to drive the chains 11 to rotate and drive the push rod 12 to rotate, the push rod rotates to push the jig or the workpiece on the track, when the jig 100 moves to the second supporting rail 22, the motor 10 stops driving, namely the chains 11 stop working until the jig 100 drives the workpiece on the jig to descend, the ultrasonic cleaning operation is started again after reset, and the jig 100 and the workpiece are driven to move towards the next station. The two chains 11 share one motor 10, that is, two support sprockets 110 are disposed on a support shaft to which the motor 10 is connected, and each support sprocket 110 is connected to one chain 11.
Further, in order to avoid interference between the chains and the ultrasonic cleaning device, as shown in fig. 1 to 3 and 8, a set of supporting sprockets 10 to which each chain 11 is connected further includes two first tensioning gears 1101 with equal height located at the inner side thereof, each of the first tensioning gears 1101 is close to one of the supporting sprockets 110 and lower than the corresponding supporting sprocket 110, the end of the first tensioning gear 1101 is not higher than the bottom of the ultrasonic cleaning device, so that the two first tensioning gears 1101 and the two supporting sprockets 110 enclose the chain on the periphery of the ultrasonic cleaning device, and in addition, in order to prevent loosening of the chain 11 and further affecting conveyance, a second tensioning gear 1102 is further disposed between the first tensioning gears 1101 and the sprockets 110 at one side, and the second tensioning gear 1102 is located at the outer side of the chain.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the push type ultrasonic cleaning machine further includes a first cleaning mechanism 4, where the first cleaning mechanism 4 includes at least a first cleaning nozzle 41 located between the two third support rails 23 and above and/or below the third support rails 23. Preferably, the first cleaning nozzle 41 is disposed above and below the third support rail 23 at the same time, and the first cleaning nozzle 41 below the third support rail 23 is fixed to the frame 9 with its cleaning opening facing upward.
The first cleaning heads 41 above the third supporting rail 23 are configured to be liftable, as shown in fig. 7, and the first cleaning heads 41 above the third supporting rail are multiple and distributed in multiple rows, and are respectively disposed at different pipes of the cleaning medium supply pipe 43. The cleaning medium supply pipe 43 includes an upper pipe, a lower pipe and a vertical pipe connecting them, which form a medium passage so that a medium can flow to each position of the pipes, the upper pipe includes a plurality of branch pipes 431 parallel to the push rods and connection pipes 432 vertically connected to both ends thereof, one of the connection pipes 432 is connected with a cleaning medium inlet pipe 433, the cleaning medium inlet pipe 433 is connected with an external cleaning medium supply pipe, both ends of each connection pipe 432 are respectively connected with an upper end of a vertical pipe 434, a lower pipe 435 is connected to a lower end of each vertical pipe 434, two lower pipes 435 are parallel to the branch pipes 431 and located on both sides of the plurality of branch pipes 431, a row of the first cleaning nozzles 41 is provided under each branch pipe 431, a cleaning mouth of the first cleaning nozzle 41 faces downward, and an inwardly inclined row of the first cleaning nozzles 41 is provided on each lower pipe.
The top of the cleaning medium supply pipe 43 is connected with a carrier plate 42, the carrier plate 42 is connected with a cleaning cylinder 411 for driving the carrier plate to lift, and the cleaning cylinder 411 is fixed on the frame 9. By changing the height of the first cleaning head 41 at the same water pressure, the flushing pressure can be changed, so that the dirt on the workpiece at the first cleaning mechanism 4 can be peeled off quickly, and the cleaning effect can be improved. In the present invention, the first cleaning nozzle 41 located below the jig 100 is preferably fixedly disposed on the frame 9, but may be configured to be lifted according to the use requirement. In addition, the high-pressure cleaning cylinder can be replaced by other mechanisms capable of generating linear motion, and the displacement is realized in a manual operation mode is not excluded, and the cylinder type is only adopted in the invention, so that the control is convenient, and the degree of automation is improved.
As shown in fig. 5, the air outlets of the first cleaning nozzles 41 located below the third supporting rail 23 are upward, and preferably four rows of air outlets are provided, two rows of first cleaning nozzles 41 are installed on two sides of a medium pipe 44, two medium pipes 44 are parallel and fixed on the frame 9, and the medium pipe 44 can be connected with a water supply mechanism (not shown in the drawing), and the specific structure of the water supply mechanism is a known technology and will not be repeated here.
The frame 9 is further provided with a collecting tank 40 below the fixed first cleaning nozzle 41, the collecting tank 40 is at least used for collecting sewage generated during cleaning by the first cleaning mechanism 4, and a second water outlet is formed at the bottom of the collecting tank 40 and is used for being connected with a water draining pipeline.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the push type ultrasonic cleaner disclosed in the present invention further includes a second cleaning mechanism 3, the structure of the second cleaning mechanism 3 is the same as that of the first cleaning mechanism 4, and the second cleaning nozzle 31 of the second cleaning mechanism 3 is located between the two first supporting rails 21, so that a cleaning process can be performed before the workpiece is subjected to ultrasonic cleaning. Of course, in other embodiments, the second cleaning mechanism may have only a part of the first cleaning mechanism, for example, the second cleaning head 31 may be disposed only below the first support rail 21 or the second cleaning head 31 may be disposed only above the first support rail 21.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the housing 9 is formed with a housing groove 30 below the second cleaning nozzle 31, the housing groove 30 is used for collecting sewage generated during cleaning by the second cleaning mechanism, and a first water outlet is formed at the bottom of the housing groove and is used for connecting a water drainage pipeline.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the push type ultrasonic cleaning machine according to the present invention further includes a wind-cut drying mechanism 5, where the wind-cut drying mechanism 5 includes a first wind blade 521 located at the rear of the first cleaning nozzle 41 (the position where the article passes before and after the article passes during moving on the rail), and located above the third supporting rail 23, and a second wind blade 522 located below the third supporting rail 23, and the air outlet of the first wind blade 521 is downward and inclined (downward and right) toward the first cleaning nozzle 41, and the air outlet of the second wind blade 522 is upward and inclined (upward and right) toward the first cleaning nozzle 41. Thus, after the ultrasonic cleaning and the cleaning by the first cleaning means, the air-cut drying means 5 can perform cleaning such as drying and dust removal.
Further, a cleaning mechanism is disposed behind the second air knife 522, and the specific structure of the cleaning mechanism is identical to that of the first cleaning mechanism 4, which is not described herein, and the cleaning head 51 above the third support rail may also be driven by the air cylinder 511 to lift. The cleaning head 51 of the cleaning mechanism can be used for air drying or water washing, and the medium pipeline of the corresponding cleaning mechanism can be connected with a cleaning liquid supply mechanism or a gas supply mechanism, and the cleaning head is specifically selected according to different cleaning requirements. Meanwhile, the containing groove also covers the cleaning mechanism, so that waste water generated during cleaning of the cleaning mechanism can be collected.
As shown in fig. 1, in order to ensure that the liquids in the working process of the second cleaning mechanism 3 and the ultrasonic cleaning device do not flow into each other, a partition 345 is provided between the first support rail 21 and the second support rail 22, between the second support rail 22 and the third support rail 23, and between the first cleaning mechanism 4 and the wind-cutting drying mechanism 5, the partition 345 is driven to lift by a lifting cylinder 3451 fixed on the frame, when the cylinder shaft of the lifting cylinder 3451 extends, the bottom of the partition 345 is equal to or flush with or slightly lower than the height of the support rail 2, preferably, the bottom of the partition 345 is located below the support rail 2, and when the cylinder shaft of the lifting cylinder 3451 retracts, the partition 345 is lifted above the support rail 2 and the lifting height thereof is not lower than the height of the jig 100 or the workpiece, so as to ensure that the jig 100 can smoothly pass through the first support rail 21, the second support rail 22 and the third support rail 23. The plurality of partitions 345 may divide the track 2 into a plurality of washing partitions when descending, thereby avoiding interference when washing the partitions with each other.
The cleaning machine further comprises a feeding station 71 positioned in front of the first cleaning mechanism 4 and a discharging station 72 positioned behind the air-cut drying mechanism 5. The feeding station 71 is located on the first supporting rail 21, and the lifting partition 345 is arranged between the feeding station and the second cleaning mechanism 3; the blanking station 72 is located on the third supporting rail 23, and the lifting partition 345 is disposed between the blanking station and the wind-cutting drying mechanism 5. When the workpiece to be cleaned is placed on the jig 100, the jig 100 and the workpiece are placed between the two push rods 12 on the feeding station 71, and the push rods 12 push the workpiece to move towards the second cleaning nozzle 31. In the process of moving the first support rail 21 to the second support rail 22, the workpiece in the jig 100 is subjected to omnibearing high-pressure flushing. The jig 100 and the workpiece are moved to the third support rail 23, and the workpiece in the jig 100 is subjected to low-pressure flushing. After low-pressure flushing, the workpiece in the jig 100 is subjected to comprehensive air-cutting and air-drying and dust-removing treatment.
The scheme further discloses a cleaning system, comprising the push type ultrasonic cleaner. The cleaning medium supplying mechanism is used for supplying the cleaning medium to the push type ultrasonic cleaner.
The cleaning medium supply mechanism is specifically as follows:
as shown in fig. 6, it includes a fresh water tank 91 for storing fresh water for washing and a foul water tank 92 for storing foul water formed after washing. Both are provided with a level sensor 90. The water in the tank body is sensed by a liquid level sensor 90 positioned on the clean water tank 91, and a signal is transmitted to a control system when the water is insufficient, and the control system controls the conduction of a valve 901 on the automatic water supplementing pipeline to realize automatic water supplementing. The heater 911 is provided in the clean water tank 91 to heat the liquid in the clean water tank 91, the water temperature in the clean water tank 91 is detected and displayed by the temperature sensor 93, and the temperature sensor 93 is provided at the side of the clean water tank 91.
The cleaning medium supply mechanism further comprises a high-pressure liquid supply pipeline for supplying high-pressure water to the second cleaning nozzle 31, wherein the high-pressure liquid supply pipeline comprises a first water suction pump 831 and a first pipeline 832; the first suction pump 831 is connected to the clean water tank 91, and supplies the cleaning liquid in the clean water tank 91 to the cleaning medium supply pipe 43 to which the second cleaning nozzle 31 is connected through the first pipe 832, and outputs the cleaning liquid. The outlet pressure of the first suction pump 831 is preferably 2±0.3mpa.
The sewage obtained by cleaning the cleaning liquid sprayed from the second cleaning nozzle 31 is collected in the storage tank 30, and the sewage flows into the sewage tank 92 through a first drain filter pipe connected to a first drain outlet at the bottom of the storage tank 30. The first drainage filtering pipeline comprises a first drainage pipeline 301, the water inlet end of the first drainage pipeline 301 is connected with a first water outlet at the bottom of the storage groove 30, the water outlet end of the first drainage pipeline 301 is connected with the liquid inlet end of the magnetic separator 95, and the water outlet end of the magnetic separator 95 is connected with the sewage tank 92. The water outlet end of the first liquid draining pipe 301 is provided with a filter screen 94 or a filter screen 94 is disposed between the water outlet end of the first liquid draining pipe 301 and the magnetic separator 94, at this time, the filter screen is located in a water tank, and the water outlet at the bottom of the water tank is communicated with the liquid inlet section of the magnetic separator 94. The sewage is filtered and separated by the first filter net 94 and the magnetic separator 95 before entering the sewage tank 92, so that the cleaned solid impurities are not entered into the sewage tank 92. The mesh number of the first filter 94 is preferably 70 mesh, and the size can be adjusted according to practical requirements.
As shown in fig. 6, the oil dirt which has entered the upper layer of the sewage in the sewage tank 92 is removed from the sewage tank 92 by the oil scraper 921 which is provided on the sewage tank 92. The specific structure of the oil scraper is known technology and will not be described here.
The water stored in the sewage tank 92 is also used for supplying water to the ultrasonic cleaning device. The sewage tank 92 is connected with the cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning device through a filtering liquid supply pipeline. The filtering water supply pipeline at least comprises a third water suction pump 801, a third pipeline 802 and a third filter arranged on the third pipeline 802; the third water pump 801 is connected to the sewage tank 92, and pumps the liquid in the sewage tank 92, filters the liquid through the first filter 803, and then sends the filtered liquid to the cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaning apparatus through the third pipe 802. Meanwhile, the first filter 803 is further connected to the clean water tank 91 through a fourth pipe 804, a connection point of the fourth pipe 804 and the third pipe is located at the rear of the first filter, and a valve located at the rear of the connection point of the third pipe and the fourth pipe is further arranged on the third pipe.
The first filter 803 is preferably a bag filter, and a two-stage belt filter is used, wherein the filtering accuracy of the former stage belt filter is 50 micrometers, and the filtering accuracy of the latter stage belt filter is 25 micrometers, and the filtering accuracy of the two-stage filter can be adjusted as required. The bag filter has the advantages that: the filter has the advantages of small volume, novel structure, strong applicability, convenient replacement of the filter bag and easy operation. And the two-stage filter can effectively ensure the filtering precision and the filtering efficiency. Of course, other filters disclosed in the prior art may be used instead of the bag filter of the present invention, and will not be described in detail herein.
The sewage that forms after ultrasonic cleaner washs is discharged to in the sewage case by the third drainage filter circuit, the third drainage filter circuit include with the second fluid-discharge tube 805 that the washing tank is connected, the liquid inlet end of magnetic separator is connected to the play water end of second fluid-discharge tube 805, magnetic separator's play water end is connected the sewage case, the play water end of second fluid-discharge tube is provided with the filter screen or be provided with the filter screen between play water end and the magnetic separator of second fluid-discharge tube 805.
The first drainage filtering pipeline and the second drainage filtering pipeline can be provided with a magnetic filter and a filter screen respectively, and are more optimal, the first drainage filtering pipeline and the second drainage filtering pipeline share the filter screen 94 and the magnetic separator 95, at the moment, the filter screen is arranged in a water tank above the sewage tank, and the liquid outlet ends of the two pipelines are respectively opposite to the filter screen 94 in the water tank.
The sewage tank 92 is further connected with an oil-water separation device 97, oil is separated by the oil-water separation device 97, the water outlet end of the oil-water separation device 97 is connected with the water purifying tank 91 through a pipeline, and finally purified water obtained after filtration is circularly discharged into the water purifying tank 91 through the pipeline. It can be seen that the liquid finally circulated and discharged into the clean water tank 91 is oil-free and free of solid impurities, whether filtered by the first filter 803 or separated by the oil-water separation device 97.
As shown in fig. 6, the cleaning medium supply mechanism further includes a low pressure supply line for supplying low pressure water to the first cleaning head 41, the low pressure supply line including a second suction pump 841 and a second pipe 842, the second suction pump 841 being connected to the clean water tank 91, and supplying the cleaning liquid drawn from the clean water tank 91 to the second cleaning head 31 through the second pipe 842 for output. The outlet pressure of the second water pump 841 is preferably 1.2±0.2mpa.
To improve the cleanliness of the cleaning solution output from the first cleaning nozzle 41, a second filter 843 is disposed on the second pipe 842, and the second filter 843 is preferably a cotton stick filter, so as to eliminate impurities in the liquid pumped by the second water pump 841, to protect the normal use of the cleaning machine, reduce maintenance, and to improve efficiency, the second filter 843 uses two cotton stick filters connected in parallel, and their filtering precision is 10 micrometers. So that the cleaning cleanliness of the first cleaning head will be higher than the cleaning proximity of the second cleaning head.
The sewage discharged through the first cleaning nozzle 41 is collected in the collecting tank 40, and is discharged into the sewage tank 92 through the second drain filter line communicating with the second drain port of the collecting tank 40. The second drainage filtering pipeline comprises a second drainage pipe 401 connected with a second drainage outlet at the bottom of the storage tank, a second filter screen 96 is arranged at the water outlet end of the second drainage pipe 401, and the second filter screen 96 can be fixed at the water outlet end of the second drainage pipe 401 or in a water tank on the sewage tank.
The air-cutting drying mechanism 5 is connected with an air blowing device (not shown in the figure), and the air blowing device may be a blower, a fan, or other devices disclosed in the prior art, and the structure thereof is not described herein. The gas is delivered to the drying nozzle 51 through the blowing device and is outputted to remove moisture from the surface of the workpiece. The air-cutting flow rate of the air blowing device in the invention is preferably 100+/-1 KM/H.
The jig used in cleaning can be of various feasible structures, such as a basket for conventional ultrasonic cleaning or other containers with water leakage and containing space.
The following briefly describes a cleaning method of an ultrasonic cleaner:
s1, placing the jig 100 with the workpieces on the two first support rails 21 and between the push rods 12.
S2, the motor 10 starts to drive the two chains to rotate so as to drive the push rod 12 to rotate and push the jig 100 on the first support rail 21 to move towards the second support rail 22.
And S3, the jig 100 moves to the second support rail 22 in the second state, the motor 10 stops, and the chain 21 stops rotating.
S4, the cylinder shafts of the second lifting cylinders 221 retract to enable the two second support rails 22 to descend, and simultaneously drive the jig 100 to descend into a cleaning tank of the ultrasonic cleaner for ultrasonic cleaning.
And S5, after ultrasonic cleaning is finished, the cylinder shaft of the second lifting cylinder 221 stretches out to drive the second support rail 22 and the jig 100 to ascend until the second support rail 22 is restored to a second state to be connected with the first support rail and the third support rail.
S6, the motor 10 starts to drive the chain 21 to resume rotation, and the push rod 22 pushes the jig 100 to the third support rail 23 and moves to the tail end for discharging.
Furthermore, in addition to ultrasonic cleaning, other cleaning processes can be performed according to different requirements, for example, the workpiece on the first support rail can be subjected to high-pressure water cleaning by the second cleaning mechanism before ultrasonic cleaning; after ultrasonic cleaning, the workpiece on the third support rail can also be subjected to low-pressure water cleaning by the first cleaning mechanism. After the low-pressure water washing, the workpiece can be subjected to air cutting, air drying treatment and the like through an air cutting mechanism and a cleaning mechanism.
The invention has various embodiments, and all technical schemes formed by equivalent transformation or equivalent transformation fall within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. Ultrasonic cleaner system, its characterized in that: at least comprises an ultrasonic cleaning device (101), a second cleaning mechanism (3), a first cleaning mechanism (4), a wind cutting mechanism (5), a clean water tank (91) and a sewage tank (92);
the second cleaning mechanism (3) is connected with the clean water tank (91) for supplying cleaning liquid to the second cleaning nozzle (31) thereof through a high-pressure liquid supply pipeline, and a first water outlet at the bottom of a collecting tank (30) for collecting waste water generated during cleaning of the second cleaning mechanism (3) is connected with the sewage tank (92) through a first water drainage filtering pipeline; the sewage tank (92) is also provided with an oil scraping machine (921);
the first cleaning mechanism (4) is connected with the clean water tank (91) through a low-pressure liquid supply pipeline for supplying cleaning liquid to a first cleaning nozzle (41) of the first cleaning mechanism, and a second water outlet at the bottom of a containing groove (40) for collecting sewage formed during cleaning of the first cleaning mechanism (4) is connected with the sewage tank (92) through a second water drainage filtering pipeline; the ultrasonic cleaning device (101) is connected with the sewage tank (92) through a filtering liquid supply pipeline for supplying cleaning liquid to the cleaning tank (1010), the ultrasonic cleaning device (101) is connected with the sewage tank (92) through a third draining filtering pipeline, the sewage tank (92) is communicated with the oil-water separation device (97) through a drain pipe (971), and the water outlet end of the oil-water separation device is connected with the water purifying tank (91) through a circulating pipeline (972);
the high-pressure liquid supply pipeline comprises a first water suction pump (831) and a first pipeline (832); the first water suction pump (831) is connected with the clean water tank (91) and is connected with the second cleaning spray head (31) through the first pipeline (832);
the low-pressure liquid supply pipeline comprises a second water suction pump (841), the second water suction pump (841) is connected with the first cleaning spray head (41) through a second pipeline (842), and a second filter (843) is arranged on the second pipeline (842);
the first drainage filter pipeline comprises a first drainage pipeline, the water outlet end of the first drainage pipeline is connected with the liquid inlet end of the magnetic separator (95), and the water outlet end of the magnetic separator (95) is connected with the sewage tank (92); the water outlet end of the first liquid discharge pipeline is provided with a filter screen or the filter screen is arranged between the water outlet end of the first liquid discharge pipeline and the magnetic separator.
2. The ultrasonic cleaning machine system according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the second filters (843) is two and the second filters (843) are arranged in parallel, and the filtering precision of the second filters (843) is larger than that of the filters in the filtering liquid supply pipeline.
3. The ultrasonic cleaning machine system according to claim 1, wherein: the filtering liquid supply pipeline comprises a third water pump (801), the third water pump (801) is connected with a cleaning tank (1010) of the ultrasonic cleaning device through a third pipeline (802), and the third pipeline (802) is connected with a two-stage first filter (803) in series.
4. The ultrasonic cleaning machine system according to claim 3, wherein: the filtering precision of the two first filters (803) is increased.
5. The ultrasonic cleaning machine system according to claim 4, wherein: the third drainage filtering pipeline comprises a second drainage pipeline (805) connected with the cleaning tank (1010), the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline (805) is connected with the liquid inlet end of the magnetic separator (95), the water outlet end of the magnetic separator (95) is connected with the sewage tank (92), and a filter screen is arranged at the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline or between the water outlet end of the second drainage pipeline and the magnetic separator.
6. The ultrasonic cleaning machine system according to claim 5, wherein: the first drainage filtering pipeline and the second drainage filtering pipeline share a filter screen and a magnetic separator.
CN202110550479.6A 2021-05-20 2021-05-20 Ultrasonic cleaner system Active CN113102373B (en)

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