CN112790086A - Nutrient soil and green belt containing same - Google Patents

Nutrient soil and green belt containing same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112790086A
CN112790086A CN202110106406.8A CN202110106406A CN112790086A CN 112790086 A CN112790086 A CN 112790086A CN 202110106406 A CN202110106406 A CN 202110106406A CN 112790086 A CN112790086 A CN 112790086A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
soil
nutrient soil
water
green belt
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CN202110106406.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
包锦虹
张东波
张卫国
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Zhangjiagang Huaxin Horticultural Landscape Engineering Co ltd
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Zhangjiagang Huaxin Horticultural Landscape Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110106406.8A priority Critical patent/CN112790086A/en
Publication of CN112790086A publication Critical patent/CN112790086A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/30Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/14Devices for separating liquid or solid substances from sewage, e.g. sand or sludge traps, rakes or grates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/22Adaptations of pumping plants for lifting sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The application relates to the field of nutrient soil, and particularly discloses nutrient soil and a green belt containing the same. The nutrient soil is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-50 parts of peat; 7-12 parts of ceramsite; 13-20 parts of perlite; 3-5 parts of fine sand; 150 portions of garden soil; 20-30 parts of wormcast; 18-25 parts of chitosan. The utility model provides a greenbelt that contains nutrition soil, includes the greenbelt body, the greenbelt body is including the nutrition soil layer, non-woven fabrics layer and the drainage blanket that set gradually from top to bottom, the drainage blanket is formed by haydite and stone mixture. The nutrient soil has the functions of drainage and water retention, and can reduce the possibility that a green belt is easy to lack water and needs to be irrigated for many times. Contain the greenbelt of nutrient soil in this application has the advantage of water conservation and quick drainage, has reduced the easy ponding in road surface and needs the staff frequently to use the possibility of municipal water watering vegetation.

Description

Nutrient soil and green belt containing same
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of nutrient soil, in particular to nutrient soil and a green belt containing the same.
Background
In urban road construction, although the green belts positioned on two sides of the road only occupy one part of the road, the whole appearance of the city is affected, the visual fatigue of a driver can be eliminated, and pollutants can be absorbed to a certain extent.
When the green belt is used and the rainfall is large, the drainage capacity of soil in the green belt is weak, and the condition of surface water accumulation is easy to occur. In order to improve the drainage capacity of the green belt, some construction units can embed stones or large-particle stones below the green belt so as to solve the problem that water is easy to accumulate on the road surface in rainy days.
In view of the above-mentioned related technologies, the inventor believes that although embedding stones under the soil in the green belt can improve the drainage capacity of the green belt, the soil in the green belt is prone to lack water and needs frequent irrigation by workers using municipal water.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to ensure that the soil has certain water retention capacity while promoting the drainage capacity of soil in the greenbelt, the application provides a nutrient soil and contain the greenbelt of this nutrient soil.
In a first aspect, the application provides a nutrient soil, which adopts the following technical scheme:
the nutrient soil is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
30-50 parts of peat;
7-12 parts of ceramsite;
13-20 parts of perlite;
3-5 parts of fine sand;
150 portions of garden soil;
20-30 parts of wormcast;
18-25 parts of chitosan.
By adopting the technical scheme, a large amount of organic matters in the peat are fibrous or spongy, are mostly hydrophilic organic matters and have stronger adsorption effect on water; the inside of the ceramsite has higher porosity, certain water retention property is realized, meanwhile, the looseness of soil can be increased, and certain hydrophobicity is realized; the perlite and the fine sand can increase the loose water permeability and the air permeability of the soil; the wormcast is a product of earthworms after degrading organic wastes, contains humic acid substances, has favorable influence on protein synthesis and plant nutrient absorption, contains a large amount of beneficial microorganisms, and can convert complex substances into simple and effective substances which are easily absorbed by plants; the chitosan can stimulate and strengthen the multiplication of the number of microorganisms in the soil, improve the activity of the microorganisms in the soil, improve the physical structure of the soil, loosen the soil, retain water, form a good granular structure and reduce the irrigation times.
This technical scheme utilizes the cooperation of each raw materials subassembly to use and makes nutrient soil have drainage and water retention function simultaneously to when solving the easy ponding problem in rainy day road surface, can reduce the easy lack of water in greenbelt, need the possibility of many times irrigate again.
Preferably, the feed comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
40-45 parts of peat;
10-11 parts of ceramsite;
15-17 parts of perlite;
4-5 parts of fine sand;
140 portions of garden soil and 145 portions of garden soil;
23-25 parts of wormcast;
20-23 parts of chitosan.
By adopting the technical scheme, the nutrient soil is prepared by selecting the raw materials with specific mixing amount, so that the nutrient soil has higher water drainage effect and water retention function.
Preferably, 8-12 parts of hydroxyethyl cellulose is further included, and the viscosity of the hydroxyethyl cellulose is 10 ten thousand.
By adopting the technical scheme, the hydroxyethyl cellulose has hydrophilic group hydroxyl, the water-retaining property of the soil can be improved after the hydroxyethyl cellulose is applied to the soil, the higher the viscosity of the hydroxyethyl cellulose is, the higher the water-retaining property is, the dispersion effect is reduced along with the increase of the viscosity, the better water-retaining property of the hydroxyethyl cellulose in the soil can be promoted by selecting the hydroxyethyl cellulose with specific viscosity, and the dispersion of the hydroxyethyl cellulose in the soil is facilitated.
In a second aspect, the application provides a green belt containing nutrient soil, which adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a greenbelt that contains nutrition soil, includes the greenbelt body, the greenbelt body is including the nutrition soil layer, non-woven fabrics layer and the drainage blanket that set gradually from top to bottom, the drainage blanket is formed by haydite and stone mixture.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, nutrition soil layer can provide the nutrition and supply the vegetation to grow as the basic unit of planting the vegetation, and the non-woven fabrics plays certain guard action to nutrition soil layer, reduces the possibility that earth runs off, and the drainage blanket that haydite and stone constitute has more great hole, is favorable to the rainwater to drain away fast, reduces the possibility of surface gathered water.
Preferably, this internal water storage box that is equipped with of greenbelt, the top of water storage box is equipped with the inlet tube that is arranged in the drainage blanket, and the water storage box is equipped with the spray line, the spray line is connected with the suction pump of locating on the greenbelt body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, during the rainy day, utilize the water storage box to collect the rainwater, utilize suction pump and sprinkler pipe to water the vegetation, reduced the staff and utilized the frequent possibility of watering the greenbelt of municipal water, to a certain extent can the water economy resource.
Preferably, the water inlet pipe is connected with an expansion cover, a filter plate is arranged in the expansion cover, clamping strips are arranged on the side edges of the filter plate in a sliding mode, and clamping grooves for the clamping strips to be clamped are formed in the expansion cover.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize the expansion cover to be favorable to more rainwater can get into the water storage box in, utilize the filter to reduce the possibility that has earth to get into the water storage box.
Preferably, the side of filter is opened there is the holding tank that is used for holding the card strip, and the filter is equipped with the compression spring who is located the holding tank, compression spring's one end is connected in the filter, and the other end is connected in the card strip, the tip of card strip is equipped with the gyro wheel.
By adopting the technical scheme, the compression spring is utilized to drive the roller to be clamped into the clamping groove, and meanwhile, the roller is utilized to reduce the friction between the clamping strip and the expansion cover, so that the abrasion of the clamping strip to the expansion cover is reduced; utilize the card strip to be connected in the dismantlement of holding tank between branch of academic or vocational study realization filter and the expansion cover simultaneously, the staff of being convenient for changes the filter.
Preferably, be equipped with a dwang in the water storage box, the dwang is opened and is had into medicine chamber and with the medicine hole that advances medicine chamber intercommunication, and the dwang rotates with the water storage box to be connected, is equipped with the stirring rake on the dwang, and the tip of dwang runs through the greenbelt body and is equipped with the rotor plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize the dwang to add nutrient solution or protection against insects medicine in to the water storage box, utilize the stirring rake to stir the mixed liquid in the water storage box, utilize suction pump and sand blasting pipe to reach the purpose of watering vegetation to be favorable to the vegetation to grow.
Preferably, be equipped with the collar in the water storage box, the dwang passes the collar, and the puddler is installed in the rotation on the collar, and the tip of puddler is equipped with driven bevel gear, and the cover is equipped with the initiative bevel gear with driven bevel gear intermeshing on the dwang.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when rotating the dwang, the dwang drives the puddler through meshed drive bevel gear and driven bevel gear and rotates, and then usable stirring rake and puddler stir the mixed liquid in the water storage box simultaneously, have improved the stirring degree of consistency and stirring efficiency.
Preferably, the surface of the nutrition soil layer is lower than the road surface, and a drain pipe is arranged in the nutrition soil layer and is used for being connected with a municipal network pipe.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the surface on nutrition soil layer is less than the road surface, is favorable to the rainwater on the road to be arranged into in the greenbelt to reduce the possibility of surface gathered water, rainwater in the greenbelt, partly can be through the drain pipe during the drainage is gone into municipal administration network management, partly can be stored in the cistern, another part accessible drainage blanket permeates the underground and becomes groundwater, thereby when solving surface gathered water, can save the water for the watering of greenbelt again, can the water economy resource to a certain extent.
In summary, the present application has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the application, the nutrient soil is prepared by selecting specific components and specific mixing amount, so that the nutrient soil has a certain water retention function while quick water drainage is realized.
2. This application is through laying drainage blanket, non-woven fabrics layer and nutrition soil layer in order constituting the greenbelt body for the greenbelt body can have drainage effect, has reduced the possibility of surface gathered water.
3. This application utilizes water storage box storage partly rainwater through set up the water storage box in the greenbelt, for the watering of greenbelt provides certain water source, but the water economy resource to a certain extent.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a green belt containing nutrient soil according to example 11 of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a cistern of embodiment 11 of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a rotating lever according to embodiment 11 of the present application.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 3.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a green belt body; 11. a nutrient soil layer; 111. a drain pipe; 112. a filter screen; 12. a non-woven fabric layer; 13. a drainage layer; 2. a water storage tank; 21. a water inlet pipe; 22. an expansion cover; 221. a filter disc; 222. a card slot; 23. a spray tube; 231. a spray head; 232. a water pump; 24. rotating the rod; 241. a medicine inlet cavity; 242. a medicine inlet hole; 243. a rotating plate; 244. a blocking cover; 245. a drive bevel gear; 246. a stirring paddle; 25. a support plate; 251. a mounting ring; 26. a stirring rod; 261. stirring blades; 262. a driven bevel gear; 3. a filter plate; 31. a handle; 32. accommodating grooves; 33. clamping the strip; 331. a roller; 34. compressing the spring.
Detailed Description
The present application will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and examples.
The sources of the raw materials in the present application are shown in table 1:
TABLE 1 sources of the respective raw materials
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Example 1
A nutrient soil is prepared by mixing the following raw materials: 35kg of peat, 7 kg of ceramsite, 13 kg of perlite, 3.5 kg of fine sand, 120kg of garden soil, 20kg of wormcast and 18kg of chitosan.
The nutrient soil in examples 2 to 10 is different from the nutrient soil in example 1 only in the mixing amount of each raw material, and is specifically shown in table 2:
table 2 composition of nutrient soil in examples 2 to 10
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
Comparative example 1
The nutrient soil which is purchased from Henan Prain Garden artwork limited and is loose, breathable, water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining is taken as the comparative example.
Performance test
Test one
2kg of the nutrient soil in each example and comparative example is respectively taken and placed on a non-woven fabric layer, a certain amount of water is respectively poured to ensure that the soil fully absorbs water, and the mixture is kept still for 1 hour at room temperature. Then, respectively putting certain nutrient soil into lead boxes by using a cutting ring, weighing and recording, putting the lead boxes with the nutrient soil into an oven, drying for 1h, weighing the dried lead boxes, and calculating the water content of each nutrient soil, wherein the water content is = (the mass of the aluminum boxes and the nutrient soil before drying-the mass of the aluminum boxes and the nutrient soil after drying)/(the mass of the aluminum boxes and the soil samples after drying-the mass of the aluminum boxes and the soil samples after drying) × 100%.
Test two
The saturated hydraulic conductivity of the soil in each example and comparative example was measured by a water head method, and the nutrient soil was taken out by a cutting ring, covered with a low mesh screen lined with filter paper, and immersed in a container filled with water for 12 hours to be saturated. The ring knife is then removed, placed on a holder, and the mahalanobis bottle is prepared and filled with a quantity of water. After water in the nutrient soil is dripped under the action of gravity, a funnel is arranged at the lower part of the cutting ring, a beaker is arranged below the funnel, the height of the cutting ring water head is recorded after stable seepage, and the seepage water amount at corresponding time is calculated by using a measuring cylinder. And obtaining the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the soil according to Darcy's law.
Darcy's law: k = (Q × L)/(S × t × h)
Wherein K is saturated hydraulic conductivity (namely permeability coefficient), cm/s;
q is flow rate, and a certain cross-sectional area S (cm) of permeation2) Water amount of (1), ml;
l is the thickness of a saturated soil layer, the penetration distance, cm;
s is the cross-sectional area of the permeation tube in cm2
t is the time required for permeation of the water quantity Q, s;
h is water layer thickness, head (head difference), cm.
The test results are shown in table 3:
TABLE 3 test results of test one and test two
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE006
Referring to table 3, compared with comparative example 1, the nutrient soil in examples 1 to 10 has superior water content and saturation hydraulic conductivity, which shows that the nutrient soil in the application has superior water retention performance while being capable of draining water rapidly, and reduces the possibility of frequent irrigation of vegetation by workers. Compared with example 4, the nutrient soil in examples 8 to 10 has better water retention performance, and analysis shows that the hydroxyl group of the hydrophilic group of the hydroxyethyl cellulose added in the application can improve the water retention performance of the soil, so that the water retention performance of the nutrient soil can be improved.
Example 11
A green belt containing nutrient soil, referring to fig. 1, comprises a green belt body 1, wherein the green belt body 1 sequentially comprises a nutrient soil layer 11 laid by the nutrient soil in the embodiment 1, a non-woven fabric layer 12 and a drainage layer 13 formed by mixing ceramsite and stone from top to bottom, the stone is broken stone with the diameter of 12mm, and the weight ratio of the ceramsite to the stone in the drainage layer 13 is 1: 1. A drain pipe 111 is buried in the nutrient soil layer 11, the end part of the drain pipe 111 extends to the lower part of the road surface and is connected with a municipal network pipe, and a filter screen 112 is arranged at one end, located in the nutrient soil layer 11, of the drain pipe 111. The surface of the nutrient soil layer 11 is lower than the road surface, so that rainwater can flow into the green belt body 1.
Referring to fig. 2, a water storage tank 2 located below the drainage layer 13 is arranged in the green belt body 1, a water inlet pipe 21 located in the drainage layer 13 is arranged at the top of the water storage tank 2, an expansion cover 22 is arranged at the end of the water inlet pipe 21, and the open end of the expansion cover 22 is abutted against the non-woven fabric layer 12. A spraying pipe 23 is arranged in the water storage tank 2, the end part of the spraying pipe 23 extends out of the water storage tank 2 and is positioned above the nutrient soil layer 11, a plurality of spray heads 231 are arranged at the end part of the spraying pipe 23, a water suction pump 232 connected with the spraying pipe 23 is arranged on the nutrient soil layer 11, and the purpose of irrigating green belts is achieved by utilizing the water suction pump 232 and the spraying pipe 23.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, a filter 221 is disposed at one end of the water inlet pipe 21 close to the expansion cover 22, and a filter plate 3 is disposed in the expansion cover 22 to filter rainwater, so as to reduce the possibility of impurities entering the water storage tank 2. Holding tank 32 has all been opened to four sides of filter 3, and filter 3 is equipped with card strip 33 and the compression spring 34 that is arranged in holding tank 32, and the one end of compression spring 34 is connected in card strip 33, and the other end is connected in the bottom of holding tank 32. The end part of the clamping strip 33 is provided with a roller 331 through a connecting shaft, the inner side wall of the expansion cover 22 is provided with a clamping groove 222 for the roller 331 to be clamped, the installation and the disassembly of the filter plate 3 can be realized by utilizing the clamping and embedding matching of the roller 331 and the clamping groove 222, and the workers can clean impurities in the filter plate 3 conveniently. The filter plate 3 is provided with a handle 31.
Referring to fig. 3, a rotating rod 24 is inserted into the water storage tank 2, one end of the rotating rod 24 is rotatably connected with the bottom plate of the water storage tank 2 through a bearing, and the other end of the rotating rod 24 extends out of the water storage tank 2 and is positioned above the nutrient soil layer 11. The rotating rod 24 is provided with a medicine inlet cavity 241 and a medicine inlet hole 242 communicated with the medicine inlet cavity 241 along the axial direction of the rotating rod 24, and nutrient solution or insect-resistant medicines can be added into the water storage tank 2 through the rotating rod 24. The end of the rotating rod 24 is provided with a rotating plate 243, the rotating plate 243 is hinged with a blocking cover 244 through a hinge, the blocking cover 244 is connected with the rotating rod 24 through a hasp, and the possibility that impurities fall into the water storage tank 2 through the rotating rod 24 can be reduced by using the blocking cover 244.
Referring to fig. 3, two supporting plates 25 are disposed on the inner side wall of the water storage tank 2, a mounting ring 251 is connected between the two supporting plates 25, two stirring rods 26 are rotatably connected to the mounting ring 251 through bearings, and stirring blades 261 are disposed on the stirring rods 26. The end of the stirring rod 26 is provided with a driven bevel gear 262 positioned in the mounting ring 251, the rotating rod 24 is sleeved with a driving bevel gear 245 engaged with the driven bevel gear 262, and the rotating rod 24 is provided with a stirring paddle 246. The mixing liquid in the water tank 2 can be mixed by rotating the rotating rod 24 to simultaneously rotate the mixing rod 26.
The implementation principle of the green belt containing nutrient soil is as follows: in rainy days, rainwater on the road flows to the green belt at the lower part, one part of the rainwater enters the municipal network management pipe through the water discharge pipe 111, the other part of the rainwater permeates the underground through the water discharge layer 13 to become underground water, and the other part of the rainwater enters the water storage tank 2 through the water inlet pipe 21 to be stored. When the moisture that remains is not enough to support vegetation growth in nutrition soil layer 11, can start suction pump 232 to take the rainwater in the water storage box 2 out and water the vegetation, reduced the possibility that needs staff frequently to use municipal water watering vegetation, practiced thrift the water resource.
Example 12
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 2.
Example 13
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 3.
Example 14
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 4.
Example 15
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 5.
Example 16
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 6.
Example 17
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 7.
Example 18
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 8.
Example 19
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 9.
Example 20
The present example is different from example 11 only in that the nutrient soil layer 11 is laid by the nutrient soil prepared in example 10.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present application, and it is not limited to the present application, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. The nutrient soil is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by weight:
30-50 parts of peat;
7-12 parts of ceramsite;
13-20 parts of perlite;
3-5 parts of fine sand;
150 portions of garden soil;
20-30 parts of wormcast;
18-25 parts of chitosan.
2. The nutrient soil of claim 1, wherein: the composition comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
40-45 parts of peat;
10-11 parts of ceramsite;
15-17 parts of perlite;
4-5 parts of fine sand;
140 portions of garden soil and 145 portions of garden soil;
23-25 parts of wormcast;
20-23 parts of chitosan.
3. The nutrient soil of claim 1, wherein: the adhesive also comprises 8-12 parts of hydroxyethyl cellulose, and the viscosity of the hydroxyethyl cellulose is 10 ten thousand.
4. A green belt containing the nutrient soil as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that: including greenbelt body (1), greenbelt body (1) is including nutrition soil layer (11), non-woven fabrics layer (12) and drainage blanket (13) that from top to bottom set gradually, drainage blanket (13) are formed by haydite and stone mixture.
5. The green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 4, wherein: be equipped with water storage box (2) in greenbelt body (1), the top of water storage box (2) is equipped with inlet tube (21) that are arranged in drainage blanket (13), and water storage box (2) are equipped with spray pipe (23), spray pipe (23) are connected with suction pump (232) of locating on greenbelt body (1).
6. A green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the water inlet pipe (21) is connected with an expansion cover (22), a filter plate (3) is arranged in the expansion cover (22), a clamping strip (33) is arranged on the side edge of the filter plate (3) in a sliding mode, and a clamping groove (222) for clamping the clamping strip (33) is formed in the expansion cover (22).
7. The green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the side of filter (3) is opened has holding tank (32) that are used for holding card strip (33), and filter (3) are equipped with compression spring (34) that are located holding tank (32), the one end of compression spring (34) is connected in filter (3), and the other end is connected in card strip (33), the tip of card strip (33) is equipped with gyro wheel (331).
8. A green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 5, wherein: be equipped with a dwang (24) in water storage box (2), dwang (24) are opened and are had into medicine chamber (241) and with advance medicine hole (242) that medicine chamber (241) communicate, and dwang (24) are rotated with water storage box (2) and are connected, are equipped with stirring rake (246) on dwang (24), and the tip of dwang (24) runs through greenbelt body (1) and is equipped with rotor plate (243).
9. The green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the water storage tank is characterized in that a mounting ring (251) is arranged in the water storage tank (2), the rotating rod (24) penetrates through the mounting ring (251), the mounting ring (251) is rotatably provided with a stirring rod (26), the end part of the stirring rod (26) is provided with a driven bevel gear (262), and the rotating rod (24) is sleeved with a driving bevel gear (245) which is meshed with the driven bevel gear (262).
10. The green belt containing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the surface of the nutrition soil layer (11) is lower than the road surface, a drain pipe (111) is arranged in the nutrition soil layer (11), and the drain pipe (111) is used for being connected with a municipal network pipe.
CN202110106406.8A 2021-01-26 2021-01-26 Nutrient soil and green belt containing same Pending CN112790086A (en)

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CN105625502A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-06-01 长安大学 System for collecting, purifying and utilizing rainwater by using solar energy
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Application publication date: 20210514