CN112426288B - Multi-functional nursing strutting arrangement - Google Patents

Multi-functional nursing strutting arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112426288B
CN112426288B CN202011621956.5A CN202011621956A CN112426288B CN 112426288 B CN112426288 B CN 112426288B CN 202011621956 A CN202011621956 A CN 202011621956A CN 112426288 B CN112426288 B CN 112426288B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
worm
shaft
connecting rod
thigh
hole
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CN202011621956.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112426288A (en
Inventor
周森
梅艳
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Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital
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Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital
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Priority to CN202011621956.5A priority Critical patent/CN112426288B/en
Publication of CN112426288A publication Critical patent/CN112426288A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1051Arrangements for steering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/127Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for lower legs

Abstract

A multifunctional nursing supporting device comprises a base, a vertical column, a chassis seat, a connecting rod chute, a joint rotating shaft, a chassis, a leg-separating rack, a leg-separating gear, a leg-lifting gear and a leg-lifting rack, the worm, the turbine, the hand wheel, the connecting block, a connecting rod, No. two connecting rods, the thigh joint, the shank joint, the spout, long connecting rod, the lifter, the left front side fixed connection machine case seat of base, machine case seat right side fixed connection stand, machine case seat rear side fixed connection connecting rod seat, connecting rod seat upper portion sets up the seat, seat lower part fixed connection base, machine case seat upper portion fixed connection machine case, machine case upper portion fixed connection machine case lid, machine case front and back both sides face has coaxial through hole turbine shaft hole, the worm both sides have the worm axle, the worm axle rotates and connects the turbine shaft hole, the worm axle rotates in the turbine shaft hole, have the centre bore in the middle of the worm, the centre bore rotates and connects the center pin.

Description

Multi-functional nursing strutting arrangement
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of medical instruments, in particular to a multifunctional nursing supporting device.
Background
In the surgical operation nursing process, the injured patient of shank changes dressings, the inspection, the treatment is more troublesome, and it is inconvenient that patient's shank removes, and the posture is difficult to control, and medical personnel receive the restriction in strength and place again, can't remove and control the posture, and the support of being not convenient for, the inconvenient inspection of doctor, change dressings and treatment waste time and energy.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the multifunctional nursing supporting device with a reasonable structure.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a multifunctional nursing supporting device comprises a base, a stand column, a machine case seat, a connecting rod chute, a joint rotating shaft, a machine case, a leg-separating rack, a leg-separating gear, a leg-lifting rack, a worm, a turbine, a hand wheel, a connecting block, a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a thigh joint, a shank joint, a chute, a long connecting rod and a lifting rod, wherein the left front side of the base is fixedly connected with the machine case seat, the right side of the machine case seat is fixedly connected with the stand column, the rear side of the machine case seat is fixedly connected with the connecting rod seat, the upper part of the connecting rod seat is provided with a seat, the lower part of the seat is fixedly connected with the base, the upper part of the machine case seat is fixedly connected with the machine case, the upper part of the machine case is fixedly connected with a machine case cover, the front side and the rear side of the machine case are provided with turbine shaft holes with coaxial through holes, the two sides of the worm are provided with worm shafts, the worm shafts are rotatably connected with the turbine shaft holes, the worm rotates in the turbine shaft holes, the central shaft rotates in the central hole, a worm square shaft is arranged on the front side of the worm, a worm positioning hole is formed in the upper portion of the worm square shaft, a central shaft square shaft is arranged on the right side of the central shaft, a central shaft positioning hole is formed in the upper portion of the central shaft square shaft, a hand wheel square hole is formed in the middle of a hand wheel, the hand wheel square hole is in sliding connection with the worm square shaft or the central shaft square shaft, the worm square shaft or the central shaft square shaft slides in the hand wheel square hole, a boss is arranged outside the hand wheel square hole, the upper portion of the boss is in threaded connection with a boss cap, a cap hole is formed in the middle of the boss cap, a hand wheel positioning hole is formed in the boss, a spring is arranged in the hand wheel positioning hole, a positioning mandrel is arranged in the middle of the spring, a conical head is arranged on the lower portion of the boss, the positioning mandrel penetrates through the cap hole, the upper portion of the positioning mandrel cap is fixedly connected with the spring, the spring is sleeved on the positioning mandrel, the lower portion of the conical head abuts against the boss cap, and the lower portion of the conical head is placed in the worm positioning hole or the central shaft positioning hole.
The left side of the central shaft is fixedly connected with a leg-dividing gear, the lower part of the leg-dividing gear is meshed with a leg-dividing rack, the lower part of the leg-dividing rack is fixedly connected with the front side of a connecting block, the lower part of the connecting block is provided with a connecting slide block, the upper part of a connecting rod seat is provided with a connecting rod slide groove, the connecting rod slide groove is slidably connected with the slide block, the slide block slides in the connecting rod slide groove, the right side of the connecting rod slide groove is provided with two joint rotating shafts, the outer sides of the joint rotating shafts are respectively provided with thigh joints, one side of each thigh joint is provided with a thigh fixing hole, the joint rotating shafts are rotatably connected with thigh fixing holes, the thigh fixing holes rotate in the joint rotating shafts, one side of each thigh fixing hole is provided with a thigh driving shaft, the thigh joints respectively correspond to a left thigh joint and a right thigh joint, the thigh driving shafts are symmetrically arranged on the left thigh joint and the right joint, the right side of the connecting block is provided with a connecting block boss, the left side of a connecting rod is rotatably connected with a thigh driving shaft of the right thigh joint, no. two connecting rod left sides are rotated and are connected the connecting block boss, and No. two connecting rod right sides are rotated and are connected the thigh drive shaft of left thigh joint, have the thigh fixed slot in the middle of the thigh joint, and thigh drive shaft right side has the thigh hinge hole, and shank joint left side has the shank hinge hole, has the shank fixed slot in the middle of the shank joint, and shank fixed slot right side has the running-board, and thigh hinge hole and shank hinge hole pass through the pin and articulate and be in the same place.
The left side and the right side of the case are provided with worm holes which penetrate through the case, turbine shafts are arranged on two sides of the turbine shafts and are rotatably connected with the worm holes, the turbine shafts rotate in the worm holes, the turbine shafts and the worm are mutually meshed, the right side of the turbine shafts is fixedly connected with a leg lifting gear, the leg lifting gear and the leg lifting rack are mutually meshed, the leg lifting gear is rotatably connected with the leg lifting rack, the lower part of the leg lifting rack is provided with a rack sliding rail, the middle of the sliding groove is provided with a sliding rail, the rack sliding rail is slidably connected with the sliding rail, the rack sliding rail slides in the sliding rail, the lower part of the sliding groove is provided with a fixed block, the fixed block is fixedly connected with the right side of the case base, the lower part of the leg lifting rack is provided with a rack boss, the outer part of the rack boss is provided with a long connecting rod, one side of the long connecting rod is provided with a first hole, the rack boss rotates around the rack boss, a long connecting rod is provided with a stand column, the upper part of the stand column boss rotates and slides around the stand column boss, the other side of the long connecting rod is provided with a second hole, a lifting rod is arranged in the second hole, the front part of the lifting rod is provided with a lifting rod shaft platform, the lifting rod shaft platform is fixedly connected with the second hole, and the upper part of the lifting rod shaft platform is provided with a shank joint.
Has the beneficial effects that:
the leg injury treatment device is simple to use, convenient to support and adjust, can be adjusted to a proper position according to the leg injury requirements of patients, relieves the burden of medical workers, facilitates examination, dressing change and treatment, improves the treatment quality, shortens the treatment time and relieves the pain of the patients.
The left front side of the base is fixedly connected with a machine box seat, the right side of the machine box seat is fixedly connected with an upright post, the rear side of the machine box seat is fixedly connected with a connecting rod seat, the upper part of the connecting rod seat is provided with a seat, the lower part of the seat is fixedly connected with the base, the base is the base of the invention, the parts of the invention are positioned and connected, the mutual position relation of the parts is determined, the mutual movement accuracy is ensured, the upper part of the machine box seat is fixedly connected with a machine box, the machine box is an installation base body of the moving part, the position of each moving part is positioned, the requirement of each moving part is met, the flexibility of the rotation of the moving part is ensured, the load of each moving part is borne, a hand wheel is an initial part of the movement, the manual rotation is completed, the hand wheel can rotate and move, the sliding connection mode is adopted, the requirement of different moving parts can be met, one wheel is multipurpose, and a hand wheel square hole and a square worm shaft and a central shaft in the middle of the hand wheel adopt a square structure, the square worm shaft or the square central shaft is connected with the square hand wheel hole in a sliding way, the square worm shaft or the square central shaft is driven to rotate when the hand wheel is rotated, the square worm shaft or the square central shaft is driven to rotate when the square worm shaft is rotated, the central shaft is driven to rotate in the central hole when the square central shaft is rotated, the square central shaft and the square worm shaft are staggered because the length of the central shaft is greater than that of the worm, the square central shaft is arranged on the front side of the square worm shaft, the distance between the square central shaft and the square central shaft is greater than the thickness of the middle part of the hand wheel, the hand wheel can move from the square central shaft to the square worm shaft or from the square worm shaft to the square central shaft, the square worm shaft and the square central shaft can not rotate simultaneously, when the hand wheel is matched with the square worm shaft, the square worm shaft is driven to rotate, when the hand wheel is matched with the square central shaft, the square central shaft is driven to rotate, and when the hand wheel is matched with the square worm shaft or the central shaft, the circular cone head plays a positioning role, the circular cone head can be pressed in a worm positioning hole on a worm square shaft, or in a center shaft positioning hole on the upper portion of the center shaft square shaft, the lower portion of a spring is placed on the circular cone head, the upper portion of the spring abuts against a boss cap, all the circular cone heads can be pressed at the bottommost portion by the spring all the time, when a hand wheel moves to the upper portion of the worm square shaft or the center shaft square shaft, the circular cone head touches the center shaft square shaft or the center shaft positioning hole and abuts against the center shaft square shaft or the center shaft positioning hole under the action of the spring, the positioning role is played, the hand wheel is prevented from sliding when rotating, when the hand wheel needs to be moved, the hand wheel can be held by a hand to lift the core shaft cap, the circular cone head is separated from the center shaft square shaft or the center shaft positioning hole, and the hand wheel can be moved.
The left side of the central shaft is fixedly connected with a leg-separating gear, the lower part of the leg-separating gear is meshed with a leg-separating rack, the lower part of the leg-separating rack is fixedly connected with the front side of a connecting block, the leg-separating gear and the leg-separating rack convert rotation into linear motion, the rotation is flexible and stable, the motion is easy to control, a connecting block is arranged at the lower part of the connecting block, a connecting rod chute is arranged at the upper part of a connecting rod seat, the connecting rod chute is connected with the sliding block in a sliding way, the sliding block slides in the connecting rod chute, the connecting rod seat and the connecting rod chute adopt a rectangular structure, the guiding is easy, the sliding is stable and can not rotate, when a hand wheel moves to be matched with a central shaft square shaft, the hand wheel is rotated, the central shaft square shaft rotates, the central shaft drives the central shaft to rotate in a central hole, the central shaft drives the leg-separating gear to rotate, the leg-separating rack can move leftwards and the leg-separating rack drives the connecting block to move leftwards, a connecting block boss on the right side of the connecting block drives a connecting rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod drive the thigh driving shaft to rotate by taking the joint rotating shaft as an axis, the thigh joints can integrally rotate around the joint rotating shaft, the two thigh joints are symmetrically arranged and can be simultaneously separated or folded, when the connecting block moves rightwards, the two thigh joints are separated, when the connecting block moves leftwards, the two thigh joints are folded, the requirement of medical staff on the separation of the leg postures of the patient is met, the nursing, the examination and the treatment are convenient, a thigh fixing groove is arranged in the middle of the thigh joints, a thigh hinge hole is arranged on the right side of the thigh driving shaft, a shank hinge hole is arranged on the left side of the shank joint, a shank fixing groove is arranged in the middle of the shank joint, a pedal plate is arranged on the right side of the shank fixing groove, the thigh hinge hole and the shank hinge hole are hinged together through a pin, the shank joint can freely rotate around the thigh joint, and the posture of the shank is further controlled, thereby can both have the space to nurse, inspect and treat the different positions of shank, shank fixed slot and thigh fixed slot carry out certain location and support to thigh and shank portion, and when preventing the treatment, the patient can remove.
The left side and the right side of the case are provided with worm holes which penetrate through, the two sides of the worm wheel are provided with turbine shafts which are connected with the worm holes in a rotating mode, the turbine shafts rotate in the worm holes, the worm wheel and the worm are meshed with each other, the worm wheel and the worm are of a worm and gear structure and can save labor, when a hand wheel moves to a worm square shaft, the hand wheel is rotated, the worm square shaft rotates to drive the worm to rotate, the worm drives the worm to rotate, when the hand wheel stops rotating, the worm wheel stops rotating to support a lower leg, the rack sliding rail and the sliding rail are of a rectangular structure and guarantee the sliding stability and the mutual position relation together, so that the meshing relation between a leg lifting rack and the leg lifting gear is guaranteed, the transmission stability is guaranteed, the worm wheel rotates to drive the leg lifting gear to rotate, the leg lifting gear rotates to drive the leg lifting rack to move up and down, the leg lifting rack drives the rack boss to move up and down, the first hole is driven by the rack boss to move up and down, the long groove rotates and slides around the boss of the upright post, so that the long connecting rod rotates and slides around the boss of the upright post, the second hole rotates relative to the boss of the upright post, the second hole drives the lifting rod to rotate, the lifting rod boss generates displacement in the upper and lower positions, the lifting rod boss drives the shank joint to move up and down, free bending of the shank joint is realized, and the upper and lower positions of the shank joint can be freely adjusted so as to be convenient for supporting.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the multifunctional nursing supporting device of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the multifunctional nursing supporting device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a partial structure schematic view of the multifunctional nursing supporting device of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the transmission relationship of the multifunctional nursing supporting device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a connecting rod seat structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a chassis structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the worm structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the central shaft according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a hand wheel according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the connecting block structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of a leg lifting rack structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of a long link structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of the chute structure of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the lower leg joint according to the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a thigh joint structure according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention is explained in more detail below with reference to the figures and examples:
a multifunctional nursing supporting device comprises a base 01, a stand column 11, a case base 13, a connecting rod base 14, a connecting rod sliding groove 15, a joint rotating shaft 16, a case 02, a leg-separating rack 23, a leg-separating gear 24, a leg-lifting gear 25, a leg-lifting rack 26, a worm 03, a turbine 35, a hand wheel 04, a connecting block 05, a first connecting rod 53, a second connecting rod 54, a thigh joint 55, a shank joint 06, a sliding groove 07, a long connecting rod 73 and a lifting rod 77, wherein the left front side of the base 01 is fixedly connected with the case base 13, the right side of the case base 13 is fixedly connected with the stand column 11, the rear side of the case base 13 is fixedly connected with the connecting rod base 14, the upper part of the connecting rod base 14 is provided with a seat 17, the lower part of the seat 17 is fixedly connected with the base 01, the upper part of the case base 13 is fixedly connected with the case 02, the upper part of the case 02 is fixedly connected with a case cover 29, the front and rear two side surfaces of the case 02 are provided with coaxial through hole turbine shaft holes 22, two sides of the worm 03 are provided with worm shafts 31, the worm shaft 31 is rotatably connected with the turbine shaft hole 22, the worm shaft 31 rotates in the turbine shaft hole 22, the middle of the worm 03 is provided with a central hole 32, the central hole 32 is rotatably connected with a central shaft 37, the central shaft 37 rotates in the central hole 32, the front side of the worm 03 is provided with a worm square shaft 33, the upper part of the worm square shaft 33 is provided with a worm positioning hole 34, the right side of the central shaft 37 is provided with a central shaft square shaft 38, the upper part of the central shaft square shaft 38 is provided with a central shaft positioning hole 39, the middle of the hand wheel 04 is provided with a hand wheel square hole 43, the hand wheel square hole 43 is slidably connected with the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38, the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38 slides in the hand wheel square hole 43, the outer part of the hand wheel square hole 43 is provided with a boss 41, the upper part of the boss 41 is in threaded connection with a boss cap 44, the middle of the boss cap 44 is provided with a cap hole 45, the boss 41 is provided with a hand wheel positioning hole 42, the inner part of the hand positioning hole 42 is provided with a spring 48, and the middle of the spring 48 is provided with a positioning core shaft 46, the lower part of the positioning mandrel 46 is provided with a conical head 47, the positioning mandrel 46 passes through the cap hole 45, the upper part of the positioning mandrel 46 is fixedly connected with a mandrel cap 49, a spring 48 is sleeved on the positioning mandrel 46, the lower part is placed on the conical head 47, the upper part is propped against the boss cap 44, and the lower part of the conical head 47 is placed in the worm positioning hole 34 or the central shaft positioning hole 39. The left side of the central shaft 37 is fixedly connected with a leg-dividing gear 24, the lower part of the leg-dividing gear 24 is meshed with a leg-dividing rack 23, the lower part of the leg-dividing rack 23 is fixedly connected with the front side of a connecting block 05, the lower part of the connecting block 05 is provided with a connecting slide block 51, the upper part of a connecting rod seat 14 is provided with a connecting rod slide groove 15, the connecting rod slide groove 15 is slidably connected with the slide block 51, the slide block 51 slides in the connecting rod slide groove 15, the right side of the connecting rod slide groove 15 is provided with two joint rotating shafts 16, the outer sides of the joint rotating shafts 16 are respectively provided with thigh joints 55, one side of each thigh joint 55 is provided with a thigh fixing hole 56, the joint rotating shafts 16 are rotatably connected with thigh fixing holes 56, the thigh fixing holes 56 rotate in the joint rotating shafts 16, one side of each thigh fixing hole 56 is provided with a thigh driving shaft 57, the thigh joints 55 respectively correspond to a left thigh joint and a right thigh joint, the thigh driving shafts 57 are symmetrically arranged on the left thigh joint and the right thigh joint, the right side of the connecting block 05 is provided with a connecting block boss 52, the left side of the first connecting rod 53 is rotatably connected with a connecting block boss 52, the right side of the first connecting rod 53 is rotatably connected with a thigh driving shaft 57 of a right thigh joint, the left side of the second connecting rod 54 is rotatably connected with the connecting block boss 52, the right side of the second connecting rod 54 is rotatably connected with a thigh driving shaft 57 of a left thigh joint, a thigh fixing groove 58 is arranged in the middle of a thigh joint 55, a thigh hinge hole 59 is arranged on the right side of the thigh driving shaft 57, a calf hinge hole 62 is arranged on the left side of a calf joint 06, a calf fixing groove 61 is arranged in the middle of the calf joint 06, a pedal 63 is arranged on the right side of the calf fixing groove 61, and the thigh hinge hole 59 and the calf hinge hole 62 are hinged together through a pin 64.
Worm holes 21 penetrating through the left side and the right side of the case 02 are arranged, turbine shafts 36 are arranged on two sides of the turbine 35, the turbine shafts 36 are rotatably connected with the worm holes 21, the turbine shafts 36 rotate in the worm holes 21, the turbine 35 and the worm 03 are meshed with each other, the right side of the turbine shaft 36 is fixedly connected with a leg lifting gear 25, the leg lifting gear 25 is rotatably connected with a leg lifting rack 26, the lower portion of the leg lifting rack 26 is provided with a rack slide rail 27, the middle of the chute 07 is provided with a slide rail 71, the rack slide rail 27 is slidably connected with the slide rail 71, the rack slide rail 27 slides in the slide rail 71, the lower portion of the chute 07 is provided with a fixed block 72, the fixed block 72 is fixedly connected with the right side of the case base 13, the lower portion of the leg lifting rack 26 is provided with a rack boss 28, a long connecting rod 73 is arranged outside the rack boss 28, one side of the long connecting rod 73 is provided with a first hole 75, the rack boss 28 is rotatably connected with a first hole 75, and the first hole 75 rotates around the rack boss 28, the long connecting rod 73 is provided with a long groove 76, the upright post 11 is arranged in the long groove 76, the upper part of the upright post 11 is provided with an upright post boss 12, the long groove 76 rotates and slides around the upright post boss 12, the other side of the long connecting rod 73 is provided with a second hole 74, a lifting rod 77 is arranged in the second hole 74, the front part of the lifting rod 77 is provided with a lifting rod shaft platform 78, the lifting rod shaft platform 78 is fixedly connected with the second hole 74, and the upper part of the lifting rod shaft platform 78 is provided with the lower leg joint 06.
The left front side of a base 01 is fixedly connected with a chassis base 13, the right side of the chassis base 13 is fixedly connected with an upright post 11, the rear side of the chassis base 13 is fixedly connected with a connecting rod base 14, the upper part of the connecting rod base 14 is provided with a seat 17, the lower part of the seat 17 is fixedly connected with the base 01, the base 01 is a base of the invention, all the components of the invention are positioned and connected, the mutual position relation of the components is determined, the mutual movement accuracy of the components is ensured, the upper part of the chassis base 13 is fixedly connected with a chassis 02, the chassis 02 is an installation base of moving components, the positions of all the moving components are positioned, the requirements of all the moving components are met, the flexibility of the rotation of the moving components is ensured, the load of all the moving components is borne, a hand wheel 04 is a moving initial component and is completed by manual rotation, the hand wheel 04 can rotate and move, a sliding connection mode is adopted, so that the requirements of different moving components can be met, the hand wheel is multipurpose, a hand wheel square hole 43 and a worm square shaft 33 in the middle of the hand wheel 04 are connected with one wheel, The central shaft square shaft 38 adopts a square structure and can transmit power and motion, the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38 is connected with a hand wheel square hole 43 in a sliding way, the hand wheel 04 is rotated to drive the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38 to rotate, the worm square shaft 33 is rotated to drive the worm shaft 31 to rotate in the turbine shaft hole 22, the central shaft square shaft 38 is rotated to drive the central shaft 37 to rotate in the central hole 32, the central shaft square shaft 38 and the worm square shaft 33 are staggered because the length of the central shaft 37 is greater than that of the worm 03, the central shaft square shaft 38 is arranged at the front side of the worm square shaft 33, the distance between the central shaft square shaft 38 and the central shaft square shaft 33 is greater than the thickness of the middle of the hand wheel 04, the hand wheel 04 can move from the central shaft square shaft 38 to the worm square shaft 33 or from the worm square shaft 33 to the central shaft square shaft 38, the worm square shaft 33 and the central shaft square shaft 38 cannot rotate simultaneously, and the hand wheel 04 and the worm shaft 33 are matched, the worm square shaft 33 is driven to rotate, when the hand wheel 04 is matched with the central shaft square shaft 38, the central shaft square shaft 38 is driven to rotate, when the hand wheel 04 is matched with the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38, the conical head 47 has a positioning effect, the conical head 47 can be pressed in the worm positioning hole 34 on the worm square shaft 33 or in the central shaft positioning hole 39 on the upper part of the central shaft square shaft 38, the lower part of the spring 48 is placed on the conical head 47, the upper part of the spring 48 abuts against the boss cap 44, all the conical heads 47 can be pressed at the bottommost part by the spring 48 all the time, when the hand wheel 04 is moved to the worm square shaft 33 or the central shaft square shaft 38, the conical head 47 touches the central shaft square shaft 38 or the central shaft positioning hole 39 to abut against the central shaft square shaft 38 or the central shaft positioning hole 39 under the action of the spring 48 to play a positioning effect, the sliding phenomenon generated when the hand wheel 04 is prevented when the hand wheel 04 is rotated, if the hand wheel 04 needs to be moved, the core shaft cap 49 can be lifted by holding the hand, the hand wheel 04 can be moved by disengaging the conical head 47 from the center axis square shaft 38 or the center axis positioning hole 39.
The left side of the central shaft 37 is fixedly connected with a leg-separating gear 24, the lower part of the leg-separating gear 24 is meshed with a leg-separating rack 23, the lower part of the leg-separating rack 23 is fixedly connected with the front side of a connecting block 05, the leg-separating gear 24 and the leg-separating rack 23 rotate to be converted into linear motion, the rotation is flexible, the motion is stable and easy to control, the lower part of the connecting block 05 is provided with a connecting slide block 51, the upper part of a connecting rod seat 14 is provided with a connecting rod slide groove 15, the connecting rod slide groove 15 is connected with the slide block 51 in a sliding manner, the slide block 51 slides in the connecting rod slide groove 15, the connecting rod seat 14 and the connecting rod slide groove 15 adopt a rectangular structure, the guidance is easy, the sliding is stable and can not rotate, when a hand wheel 04 moves to be matched with a central shaft square shaft 38, the hand wheel 04 rotates, the central shaft square shaft 38 rotates, the central shaft 37 drives the central shaft 32 to rotate, the leg-separating gear 24 rotates, the leg-separating rack 23 moves left and right, the leg-separating rack 23 drives the connecting block 05 to move, the first connecting rod 53 and the second connecting rod 54 are driven by the connecting block boss 52 on the right side of the connecting block 05 to rotate and move, the first connecting rod 53 and the second connecting rod 54 drive the thigh driving shaft 57 to rotate by taking the joint rotating shaft 16 as an axis, the thigh joints 55 can integrally rotate around the joint rotating shaft 16, the two thigh joints 55 are symmetrically arranged and can be simultaneously separated or folded, when the connecting block 05 moves to the right, the two thigh joints 55 are separated, when the connecting block 05 moves to the left, the two thigh joints 55 are folded, the requirement of medical staff on the separation of the leg posture of a patient is met, the nursing, examination and treatment are convenient, the shank joint 06 can freely rotate around the thigh joint 55 to further control the shank posture, so that different parts of the leg can be nursed, examined and treated, the shank fixing groove 61 and the thigh fixing groove 58 can position and support the thigh and the shank to a certain extent, the patient may move while preventing treatment.
Worm holes 21 penetrating through the left side and the right side of the case 02 are formed in the left side and the right side of the case, turbine shafts 36 are arranged on two sides of a turbine 35, the turbine shafts 36 are connected with the worm holes 21 in a rotating mode, the turbine shafts 36 rotate in the worm holes 21, the turbine 35 and the worm 03 are meshed with each other, the turbine 35 and the worm 03 are of a worm and gear structure and can save labor, when a hand wheel 04 moves to a worm square shaft 33, the hand wheel 04 is rotated, the worm square shaft 33 rotates to drive the worm 03 to rotate, the worm 03 drives the turbine 35 to rotate, when the hand wheel 04 stops rotating, the turbine 35 stops rotating to support the lower leg, the rack slide rails 27 and the slide rails 71 are of a rectangular structure and jointly guarantee the sliding stability and the mutual position relation, so that the meshing relation between the leg lifting rack 26 and the leg lifting gear 25 is guaranteed, the turbine 35 rotates to drive the leg lifting gear 25 to rotate to drive the leg lifting rack 26 to move up and down, the leg lifting rack 26 drives the rack boss 28 to move up and down, the rack boss 28 drives the first hole 75 to move up and down, the long groove 76 rotates and slides around the upright post boss 12, so that the long connecting rod 73 rotates and slides around the upright post boss 12, the second hole 74 rotates relative to the upright post boss 12, the second hole 74 drives the lifting rod 77 to rotate, displacement is generated at the upper position and the lower position, the lifting rod shaft table 78 drives the shank joint 06 to move up and down, free bending of the shank joint 06 is realized, and the upper position and the lower position of the shank joint 06 can be freely adjusted to be convenient for supporting.
When the multifunctional nursing support device is used, the positions of the legs can be adjusted and fixed according to the injury conditions of different parts of the legs of a patient, the joints of the legs are simulated, the actions of separating and folding the two legs and bending the lower leg are realized, the using method of the multifunctional nursing support device comprises the following steps, the using time is divided into three steps, and the first step is as follows: the patient is supported in front of the invention, the patient is seated on the chair 17, two legs are naturally placed on the two leg joints of the invention, the thigh is placed in the thigh fixing groove 58, and the shank is placed in the shank fixing groove 61; the second step is that: and adjusting the positions of the two legs, firstly pulling out a mandrel cap 49 on a hand wheel 04, moving the hand wheel 04 to be matched with the central shaft square shaft 38, putting down the mandrel cap 49, properly adjusting the hand wheel 04 until the central shaft 37 is inserted into the central shaft positioning hole 39, rotating the hand wheel 04 clockwise to separate the two legs, rotating the hand wheel 04 anticlockwise to fold the two legs, adjusting the two legs to be proper positions, and thirdly, adjusting the height positions of the two legs, firstly pulling out the mandrel cap 49 on the hand wheel 04, moving the hand wheel 04 to be matched with the worm square shaft 33, putting down the mandrel cap 49, properly 04, lowering the positions of the two legs, rotating the hand wheel 04 anticlockwise to support the legs, folding the joints of the two legs when the use is finished, and putting the two legs to be the lowest positions for the next use.

Claims (2)

1. A multifunctional nursing supporting device is characterized by comprising a base, a stand column, a machine case seat, a connecting rod chute, a joint rotating shaft, a machine case, a leg-dividing rack, a leg-dividing gear, a leg-lifting rack, a worm, a turbine, a hand wheel, a connecting block, a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a thigh joint, a shank joint, a chute, a long connecting rod and a lifting rod, wherein the left front side of the base is fixedly connected with the machine case seat, the right side of the machine case seat is fixedly connected with the stand column, the rear side of the machine case seat is fixedly connected with the connecting rod seat, the upper part of the connecting rod seat is provided with a seat, the lower part of the seat is fixedly connected with the base, the upper part of the machine case is fixedly connected with the machine case cover, the front side surface and the rear side surface of the machine case are provided with turbine shaft holes with coaxial penetrating holes, the two sides of the worm are provided with worm shafts, the worm shafts are rotatably connected with the turbine shaft holes, the worm shafts rotate in the turbine shaft holes, the middle of the worm is provided with a center hole, the central hole is rotatably connected with a central shaft, the central shaft rotates in the central hole, a worm square shaft is arranged on the front side of the worm, a worm positioning hole is arranged on the upper portion of the worm square shaft, a central shaft square shaft is arranged on the right side of the central shaft, a central shaft positioning hole is arranged on the upper portion of the central shaft square shaft, a hand wheel square hole is arranged in the middle of a hand wheel, the worm square shaft or the central shaft square shaft is slidably connected with the worm square shaft or the central shaft square shaft, a boss is arranged outside the hand wheel square hole, the upper portion of the boss is in threaded connection with a boss cap, a cap hole is arranged in the middle of the boss cap, a hand wheel positioning hole is arranged inside the boss, a spring is arranged in the middle of the spring, a positioning mandrel is arranged in the middle of the spring, a conical head is arranged on the lower portion of the positioning mandrel, the positioning mandrel passes through the cap, the upper portion of the positioning mandrel is fixedly connected with a mandrel cap, the spring is sleeved on the positioning mandrel, the lower portion is placed on the conical head, and the upper portion is propped against the boss cap, the lower part of the conical head is placed in the worm positioning hole or the central shaft positioning hole; the left side of the central shaft is fixedly connected with a leg-dividing gear, the lower part of the leg-dividing gear is meshed with a leg-dividing rack, the lower part of the leg-dividing rack is fixedly connected with the front side of a connecting block, the lower part of the connecting block is provided with a connecting slide block, the upper part of a connecting rod seat is provided with a connecting rod slide groove, the connecting rod slide groove is slidably connected with the slide block, the slide block slides in the connecting rod slide groove, the right side of the connecting rod slide groove is provided with two joint rotating shafts, the outer sides of the joint rotating shafts are respectively provided with thigh joints, one side of each thigh joint is provided with a thigh fixing hole, the joint rotating shafts are rotatably connected with thigh fixing holes, the thigh fixing holes rotate in the joint rotating shafts, one side of each thigh fixing hole is provided with a thigh driving shaft, the thigh joints respectively correspond to a left thigh joint and a right thigh joint, the thigh driving shafts are symmetrically arranged on the left thigh joint and the right joint, the right side of the connecting block is provided with a connecting block boss, the left side of a connecting rod is rotatably connected with a thigh driving shaft of the right thigh joint, the left side of a second connecting rod is rotatably connected with a connecting block boss, the right side of the second connecting rod is rotatably connected with a thigh driving shaft of a left thigh joint, a thigh fixing groove is formed in the middle of the thigh joint, a thigh hinge hole is formed in the right side of the thigh driving shaft, a crus hinge hole is formed in the left side of the crus joint, a crus fixing groove is formed in the middle of the crus joint, a pedal is arranged on the right side of the crus fixing groove, and the thigh hinge hole and the crus hinge hole are hinged together through a pin; the left side and the right side of the case are provided with worm holes which penetrate through the case, turbine shafts are arranged on two sides of the turbine shafts and are rotatably connected with the worm holes, the turbine shafts rotate in the worm holes, the turbine shafts and the worm are mutually meshed, the right side of the turbine shafts is fixedly connected with a leg lifting gear, the leg lifting gear and the leg lifting rack are mutually meshed, the leg lifting gear is rotatably connected with the leg lifting rack, the lower part of the leg lifting rack is provided with a rack sliding rail, the middle of the sliding groove is provided with a sliding rail, the rack sliding rail is slidably connected with the sliding rail, the rack sliding rail slides in the sliding rail, the lower part of the sliding groove is provided with a fixed block, the fixed block is fixedly connected with the right side of the case base, the lower part of the leg lifting rack is provided with a rack boss, the outer part of the rack boss is provided with a long connecting rod, one side of the long connecting rod is provided with a first hole, the rack boss rotates around the rack boss, a long groove is arranged in the long connecting rod, the vertical column is arranged in the long groove, the upper part of the vertical column boss rotates and slides around the vertical column boss, the other side of the long connecting rod is provided with a second hole, a lifting rod is arranged in the second hole, the front part of the lifting rod is provided with a lifting rod shaft platform, the lifting rod shaft platform is fixedly connected with the second hole, and the upper part of the lifting rod shaft platform is provided with a shank joint.
2. The use method of the multifunctional nursing supporting device as claimed in claim 1, which comprises the following steps: the patient is seated on the chair, the thigh is placed in the thigh fixing groove, and the shank is placed in the shank fixing groove; the second step is that: the positions of two legs are adjusted, firstly, a mandrel cap on a hand wheel is pulled out, the hand wheel is moved to be matched with a central shaft square shaft, the mandrel cap is put down, the hand wheel is adjusted until the central shaft is inserted into a central shaft positioning hole, the hand wheel is rotated clockwise, the two legs can be separated, the hand wheel is rotated anticlockwise, the two legs are folded, the two legs are adjusted to be proper positions, in a third step, the height positions of the two legs are adjusted, the mandrel cap on the hand wheel is pulled out, the hand wheel is moved to be matched with a worm square shaft, the mandrel cap is put down, the hand wheel is properly adjusted until the central shaft is inserted into the worm positioning hole, the hand wheel is rotated clockwise, the positions of the two legs can be lowered, the positions of the legs can be raised by anticlockwise rotation, the positions of the legs are adjusted to be proper positions, joints of the two legs can be folded when the use is finished, and the two legs are put to be in the lowest position for the next use.
CN202011621956.5A 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 Multi-functional nursing strutting arrangement Active CN112426288B (en)

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