CN112314114A - Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting - Google Patents

Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112314114A
CN112314114A CN202011213765.5A CN202011213765A CN112314114A CN 112314114 A CN112314114 A CN 112314114A CN 202011213765 A CN202011213765 A CN 202011213765A CN 112314114 A CN112314114 A CN 112314114A
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
seed
moving
ditching
wall
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CN202011213765.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011213765.5A priority Critical patent/CN112314114A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/08Broadcast seeders; Seeders depositing seeds in rows
    • A01C7/16Seeders with other distributing devices, e.g. brushes, discs, screws or slides
    • A01C7/163Gravity distributors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/20Parts of seeders for conducting and depositing seed

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture and forestry planting, in particular to a ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting, which comprises a U-shaped frame, a driving motor and a servo motor, wherein moving blocks are inserted into the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame, one ends of the moving blocks, far away from the inner walls of the U-shaped frame, are fixedly connected with moving rods, sliding blocks are inserted into the moving rods, and one end surfaces of the sliding blocks are fixedly connected with stabilizing shafts. According to the invention, the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is arranged, and the stable rod drives the movable block to move up and down in the sliding grooves formed in the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame through the rotation of the ball screw, so that the movable rod drives the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft to move up and down together, the depth of the groove formed on the soil by the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is controlled conveniently, and the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is provided with the grooves with different depths on the soil according to the depth requirement of the seeds growing in the soil.

Description

Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture and forestry planting, in particular to a ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting.
Background
China is a big agricultural country, but agricultural production is always lagged behind, China is always dedicated to realizing agricultural modernization, agricultural mechanization is the most basic and obvious characteristic of modern agriculture, and the agricultural mechanization must be developed firstly to promote the agricultural modernization, which is a necessary way for agricultural modernization construction.
Agricultural machinery equipment has brought the facility for agricultural production work, and it has not only reduced the intensity of labour that traditional manual agricultural production brought, and has improved the agricultural output greatly, but the seeding ditching device that current farming used most of can't adjust the distance between the ditching according to the growth demand of different crops, and can not adjust the height of ditching axle, can not adapt to the height that different crops survive in soil, leads to whole device adaptability relatively poor.
The ditching device that current farming used is at the in-process that uses, most of them are ploughed through the mode of manual seed planting, this kind of mode has increased labourer's intensity of labour, the work efficiency who plants crops has been reduced simultaneously, most of automatic seeding machinery does not have the function of sowing to seed accuse volume simultaneously, lead to the seed to appear too much or the too little condition when sowing, thereby cause the waste to the seed, and lead to crops growth in-process well and uneven easily, for this reason we have proposed a farming and forestry to plant with ditching device that has automatic seeding structure and solve above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting, which is used for solving the problem that agricultural mechanical equipment is provided in the background technology to bring convenience to agricultural production work, not only reduces the labor intensity brought by the traditional manual agricultural production, but also greatly improves the agricultural yield, but most of the existing seeding and ditching devices for agriculture planting cannot adjust the distance between ditches according to the growth requirements of different crops, cannot adjust the height of a ditching shaft, cannot adapt to the survival height of different crops in soil, and causes poor adaptability of the whole device.
The ditching device that current farming used cultivates at the in-process that uses, and the mode that mostly sows the seed ground through manual sowing cultivates, and this kind of mode has increased labourer's intensity of labour, has reduced the work efficiency who plants crops simultaneously, and most automatic seeding machinery do not have the function of sowing to seed accuse volume simultaneously, lead to the seed to appear too much or too little the condition when broadcasting to cause the waste to the seed, and lead to the problem that the crops growth in-process is good and uneven easily.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting comprises a U-shaped frame, a driving motor and a servo motor, wherein moving blocks are inserted into the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame, moving rods are fixedly connected to the ends, away from the inner walls of the U-shaped frame, of the moving blocks, sliding blocks are inserted into the moving rods, stabilizing shafts are fixedly connected to the surfaces of one ends of the sliding blocks, penetrate through the inner walls of the moving rods, ditching and ploughing cutter shafts are fixedly connected to the ends, away from the inner walls of the moving rods, of the stabilizing shafts, hinged rods are sleeved on the surfaces of the stabilizing shafts, moving shafts are inserted into the ends, away from the stabilizing shafts, fixing rods are sleeved on the surfaces of one ends, away from the hinged rods, of the moving shafts, fixing rods are fixedly connected to the surfaces of fixing plates, hydraulic telescopic rods are fixedly connected to the surfaces, a fixed frame is fixedly connected to the surface of one side of the U-shaped frame, a fixing bolt is inserted into the surface of one end of the fixed frame, which is far away from the U-shaped frame, a stabilizer bar is fixedly connected to the surface of the movable block, a ball screw is inserted into the inner wall of the U-shaped frame, a transmission gear is sleeved on the surface of one end of the ball screw, which is far away from the stabilizer bar, the surface of the transmission gear is meshed with a transmission chain, a seed containing box is fixedly connected to the surface of one end of the U-shaped frame, a fixed shaft is fixedly connected to the center position of the bottom end of the seed containing box, a second transmission disc is sleeved on the surface of the fixed shaft, a first rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the bottom side of one end of the second transmission disc, which is far away from the fixed shaft, a connecting rod is sleeved on the surface of the first, and the output shaft that is equipped with servo motor is inserted to the inside of belt pulley, the bottom fixedly connected with unloading funnel of seed holding case.
Preferably, the inner walls of the left and right ends of the U-shaped frame are provided with sliding grooves, the sliding blocks are inserted into the sliding grooves, and the sliding grooves formed in the inner walls of the left and right ends of the U-shaped frame are in sliding connection with the sliding blocks.
Preferably, the inside of the movable rod is provided with a sliding groove, the inside of the sliding groove is inserted with a sliding block, the sliding block is provided with four groups, and the sliding groove arranged inside the movable rod and the sliding block form sliding connection.
Preferably, the movable rod and the hinge rod are rotatably connected, the hinge rod and the movable shaft are rotatably connected, a transverse groove is formed in the fixed rod, the movable shaft is inserted into the transverse groove, the movable shaft is provided with three groups of movable shafts, and the transverse groove formed in the fixed rod and the movable shaft are slidably connected.
Preferably, the transmission gears are provided with three groups, an output shaft of the driving motor is inserted into the transmission gears, and the driving motor is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the fixing frame.
Preferably, the fixed frame of bottom fixedly connected with of driving belt, and the fixed surface of first axis of rotation is connected with the connecting rod to the one end fixedly connected with second axis of rotation of first axis of rotation is kept away from to the connecting rod, the first rotary disk of top fixedly connected with of second axis of rotation.
Preferably, the top surface of second driving dish and the bottom surface that the seed held the case are inconsistent, the bottom surface that the seed held the case is inconsistent with first rotating disk top surface, the seed holds the bottom inner wall of case and has seted up the slotted hole, the slotted hole has been seted up with the inside of first rotating disk to the second driving dish, the seed holds the slotted hole area that bottom inner wall of the case was seted up and the slotted hole area looks adaptation that driving belt and first rotating disk were inside to be seted up.
Preferably, the seed holds the case and sets up slotted point about both ends inner wall, and the articulated piece of slotted point bottom inner wall fixedly connected with to articulated piece is inside to articulate through articulated shaft has first limit flitch, and the inside central point of first limit flitch puts the vertical a plurality of slotted holes of seting up, the seed holds the one end inner wall that the case kept away from first limit flitch and articulates through articulated piece has the second limit flitch, and the inside central point of second limit flitch puts the vertical a plurality of slotted holes of seting up, the slotted hole area of seting up of first limit flitch is less than the slotted hole area of seting up of second limit flitch, and the slotted hole area of seting up of second limit flitch inside is less than the slotted hole area that the seed held bottom of the case inner wall.
Preferably, the one end inner wall that the seed held the case is provided with first limit flitch, and a top side surface of first limit flitch is inconsistent with a bottom side surface of limiting plate, the one end skin weld that first limit flitch was kept away from to the limiting plate has reset spring, and reset spring keeps away from the one end welding of limiting plate and holds the fluting inner wall at both ends about the case at the seed, the articulated shaft has the fixed block in the top of limiting plate, and the bottom fixed connection of fixed block holds the top surface of case at the seed.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) (ii) a According to the invention, the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is arranged, the driving motor is started to drive the transmission gear to rotate, the ball screw inserted in the transmission gear is driven to rotate together, the stabilizer bar is convenient to drive the movable block to move up and down in the sliding grooves formed in the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame through the rotation of the ball screw, so that the movable rod can drive the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft to move up and down together, the depth of the groove formed in the soil by the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is convenient to control, and the ditching and ploughing cutter shaft is convenient to form grooves with different depths in the soil according to the depth requirement of seeds.
(2) (ii) a According to the invention, the fixed rod is arranged, the hydraulic telescopic rod is started to control the fixed rod to move up and down, and when the fixed rod moves up and down, the three groups of moving shafts slide left and right in the fixed rod, so that the moving shafts drive the hinge rods to move angularly, and the hinge rods are used for driving the four groups of ditching ploughing cutter shafts to move equidistantly, so that the distance between each group of ditching ploughing cutter shafts is adjusted, and grooves with different distances are conveniently formed on the soil by the ditching ploughing cutter shafts according to the sizes of different crops.
(3) (ii) a According to the seed storage box, the first material limiting plate and the second material limiting plate are provided with different sizes, so that the surfaces of the first material limiting plate and the second material limiting plate are abutted to the inner wall of the bottom end of the seed storage box, the falling amount of seeds in the seed storage box is convenient to control, the servo motor is started to drive the belt pulley to rotate, the transmission belt drives the second transmission disc to rotate, the first rotation disc is driven to rotate together by the rotation of the second transmission disc, and in the rotating process of the second transmission disc and the first rotation disc, when the slotted holes formed in the second transmission disc and the first rotation disc are overlapped with the slotted holes formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the seed storage box, the seeds in the seed storage box can fall into the grooves formed in the soil by the ditching cutter shaft, and the seed scattering density can be conveniently controlled according to requirements.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional elevation view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the structure of the present invention from the back;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top sectional view of the fixing frame structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic side sectional view of the fixing frame structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a front schematic view of the hinge rod construction of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic front view of a second drive plate configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a bottom view of the second drive plate configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic front sectional view of a seed holding box according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic side view of the structure of the hopper of the present invention;
fig. 10 is an enlarged view of the structure at a in fig. 8 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a U-shaped frame; 2. a moving block; 3. a travel bar; 4. a slider; 5. ditching and ploughing cutter shafts; 6. a hinged lever; 7. a movable shaft; 8. fixing the rod; 9. a hydraulic telescopic rod; 10. a fixing frame; 11. a stabilizer bar; 12. a ball screw; 13. a transmission gear; 14. a drive chain; 15. a drive motor; 16. fixing the bolt; 17. a seed containing box; 18. a fixed shaft; 19. a drive belt; 20. a first rotating shaft; 21. a connecting rod; 22. a second rotating shaft; 23. a first rotating disk; 24. a belt pulley; 25. a servo motor; 26. a discharging hopper; 27. a hinged block; 28. a first material limiting plate; 29. a return spring; 30. a second drive disk; 31. a fixed block; 32. a limiting plate; 33. a second material limiting plate; 34. a stabilizing shaft; 35. an L-shaped plate; 36. and (7) fixing the plate.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-10, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: a ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting comprises a U-shaped frame 1, a driving motor 15 and a servo motor 25, wherein moving blocks 2 are inserted into the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame 1, and one end of the moving block 2 far away from the inner wall of the U-shaped frame 1 is fixedly connected with a moving rod 3, the inner walls of the left and right ends of the U-shaped frame 1 are provided with sliding grooves, and a moving block 2 is inserted in the sliding groove, the sliding grooves arranged on the inner walls of the left and right ends of the U-shaped frame 1 are in sliding connection with the moving block 2, the moving block 2 slides up and down in the sliding grooves arranged on the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame 1, so that the moving block 2 drives the moving rod 3 to move up and down, thereby leading the movable rod 3 to drive the ditching ploughing cutter shaft 5 to rotate together, being convenient for adjusting the height of the ditching ploughing cutter shaft 5, therefore, the ditching cutter shaft 5 can ditch soil deeply according to the growth depth requirements of different seeds in the soil.
The inside of carriage release lever 3 is inserted and is equipped with slider 4, and the spout has been seted up to the inside of carriage release lever 3, and the inside of inserting of spout is equipped with slider 4, and slider 4 is provided with four groups, and the inside spout of seting up of carriage release lever 3 constitutes sliding connection with slider 4, slides about through slider 4 in carriage release lever 3 inside, is convenient for make carriage release lever 3 drive ditching and plough arbor 5 and move together to be convenient for adjust the distance between each group ditching and plough arbor 5.
A stabilizing shaft 34 is fixedly connected to the surface of one end of the sliding block 4, a furrowing blade shaft 5 is fixedly connected to one end of the stabilizing shaft 34 penetrating through the inner wall of the moving rod 3, a hinge rod 6 is sleeved on the surface of the stabilizing shaft 34, a moving shaft 7 is inserted into one end of the hinge rod 6 far away from the stabilizing shaft 34, a fixed rod 8 is sleeved on one end of the moving shaft 7 far away from the hinge rod 6, a fixed plate 36 is fixedly connected to the surface of the fixed rod 8, a hydraulic telescopic rod 9 is fixedly connected to the surface of the top end of the fixed plate 36, an L-shaped plate 35 is fixedly connected to the top end of the hydraulic telescopic rod 9, one side of the L-shaped plate 35 is fixedly connected to the surface of the moving rod 3, the moving rod 3 is rotatably connected with the hinge rod 6, the hinge rod 6 is rotatably connected with the moving shaft 7, a transverse groove is formed in the fixed, the inside cross slot of seting up of dead lever 8 constitutes sliding connection with removal axle 7, through starting up hydraulic telescoping rod 9, make hydraulic telescoping rod 9 drive dead lever 8 reciprocate, thereby make dead lever 8 drive three groups of removal axles 7 and remove together, move through removal axle 7, and according to removal axle 7 surface cover be equipped with hinge bar 6, in the in-process of removing axle 7 up-shifting, make the cover establish two sets of hinge bar 6 that are the angle and open the removal at removal axle 7 surface, cooperate other two sets of removal axles 7 of other simultaneously, make the equidistance pull open between every group ditching cutter axle 5, be convenient for realize ploughing the interval regulation between the cutter axle 5 to every group ditching, through the interval regulation between ditching cutter axle 5, be convenient for according to different crops growth conditions, make ditching cutter axle 5 open the slot of different distances, avoid the size to influence too big crops normal growth.
One side surface of the U-shaped frame (1) is fixedly connected with a fixed frame (10), a fixed bolt 16 is inserted into one end surface of the fixed frame 10 far away from the U-shaped frame 1, the surface of the moving block 2 is fixedly connected with a stabilizer bar 11, a ball screw 12 is inserted into one end of the stabilizer bar 11 penetrating through the inner wall of the U-shaped frame 1, a transmission gear 13 is sleeved on one end surface of the ball screw 12 far away from the stabilizer bar 11, a transmission chain 14 is meshed with the surface of the transmission gear 13, three groups of transmission gears 13 are arranged on the transmission gear 13, an output shaft of a driving motor 15 is inserted into the transmission gear 13, the driving motor 15 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the fixed frame 10, the fixed bolt 16 drives the transmission gear 13 to rotate by starting the driving motor 15, so that the transmission chain 14 drives the other two groups, thereby make ball screw 12 drive stabilizer bar 11 and reciprocate, reciprocate through stabilizer bar 11, be convenient for make stabilizer bar 11 drive movable block 2 and rotate together, realize controlling the high automatically regulated of carriage release lever 3, be convenient for make ditching cutter shaft 5 carry out degree of depth ditching simultaneously.
The surface of one end of the U-shaped frame 1 far away from the fixed frame 10 is fixedly connected with a seed holding box 17, the bottom center position of the seed holding box 17 is fixedly connected with a fixed shaft 18, the surface of the fixed shaft 18 is sleeved with a second transmission disc 30, the bottom side of one end of the second transmission disc 30 far away from the fixed shaft 18 is fixedly connected with a first rotating shaft 20, the surface of the first rotating shaft 20 is sleeved with a connecting rod 21, the surface of the second transmission disc 30 is sleeved with a transmission belt 19, a belt pulley 24 is inserted in one end of the transmission belt 19 far away from the second transmission disc 30, an output shaft of a servo motor 25 is inserted in the belt pulley 24, the bottom end of the transmission belt 19 is fixedly connected with the fixed frame 10, the surface of the first rotating shaft 20 is fixedly connected with the connecting rod 21, one end of the connecting rod 21 far away from the first rotating shaft 20 is fixedly connected with a second rotating, through starting servo motor 25, make servo motor 25's output shaft drive belt pulley 24 rotate, second drive plate 30 of establishing through belt pulley 24 surface cover, make belt pulley 24 drive driving belt 19 and rotate together, rotate through driving belt 19, make first axis of rotation 20 rotate together, the one end through 20 pulling connecting rods 21 of first axis of rotation rotates together, thereby make connecting rods 21 pulling second axis of rotation 22 remove together, through making second axis of rotation 22 rotate, can drive the fixed rotation of first rotation dish 23, link with first rotation dish 23 through second drive plate 30, be convenient for control the seed holds dropping of the inside seed of case 17.
The top end surface of the second transmission disc 30 is abutted against the bottom end surface of the seed containing box 17, the bottom end surface of the seed containing box 17 is abutted against the top end surface of the first rotating disc 23, the bottom end inner wall of the seed containing box 17 is provided with a slotted hole, the second transmission disc 30 is provided with a slotted hole inside the first rotating disc 23, the area of the slotted hole formed on the bottom end inner wall of the seed containing box 17 is matched with the area of the slotted hole formed on the transmission belt 19 and the inside of the first rotating disc 23, in the rotating process of the second transmission disc 30 and the first rotating disc 23, when the slotted holes formed on the second transmission disc 30 and the inside of the first rotating disc 23 are overlapped with the slotted hole formed on the bottom end inner wall of the seed containing box 17, the seeds contained in the seed containing box 17 can fall in the grooves formed on the soil by the ditching plowing cutter shaft 5, thereby intermittently dropping the seeds in the seed containing box 17, the seeds are spaced at a certain interval, so that the growth of crops is facilitated.
The inner walls of the left end and the right end of the seed containing box 17 are provided with groove points, the inner wall of the bottom end of each groove point is fixedly connected with a hinge block 27, the interior of each hinge block 27 is hinged with a first material limiting plate 28 through a hinge shaft, a plurality of groups of slotted holes are vertically formed in the central position of the interior of each first material limiting plate 28, the inner wall of one end of the seed containing box 17, which is far away from the first material limiting plate 28, is hinged with a second material limiting plate 33 through the hinge block 27, a plurality of groups of slotted holes are vertically formed in the central position of the interior of the second material limiting plate 33, the area of the slotted hole formed in the first material limiting plate 28 is smaller than that of the slotted hole formed in the interior of the second material limiting plate 33, the area of the slotted hole formed in the interior of the bottom end of the seed containing box 17 is smaller than that of the slotted hole formed in the interior of the bottom end of the seed containing box 17, the seed that is convenient for make the seed hold case 17 holds the slotted hole that case 17 bottom inner wall was seted up through first limit flitch 28 and seed, thereby can make less quantity seed drop in the slot that ditching ploughing arbor 5 was seted up, the slotted hole area of seting up according to second limit flitch 33 is inside simultaneously greater than the slotted hole area of seting up of articulated piece 27, it is inconsistent with the bottom inner wall that the seed held case 17 through the surface that makes second limit flitch 33, be convenient for make more quantity seed hold case 17 and the inside slotted hole of seting up of second limit flitch 33 through the seed drop in the soil slot that ditching ploughing arbor 5 was seted up, thereby realize the volume of dropping of control seed through articulated piece 27 and second limit flitch 33.
A first material limiting plate 28 is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the seed containing box 17, the surface of one side of the top end of the first material limiting plate 28 is abutted against the surface of one side of the bottom end of the material limiting plate 32, a return spring 29 is welded on the surface of one end, far away from the first material limiting plate 28, of the material limiting plate 32, one end, far away from the material limiting plate 32, of the return spring 29 is welded on the inner wall of the grooves at the left end and the right end of the seed containing box 17, a fixing block 31 is hinged to the top end of the material limiting plate 32 through a hinge shaft, the bottom end of the material limiting plate 32 is fixedly connected to the surface of the top end of the seed containing box 17, the material limiting plate 32 is pulled by hand, the fixing block 31 is hinged to the top end of the material limiting plate 32 according to the top end of the material limiting plate 32, under the elastic force action of the return spring, meanwhile, the first material limiting plate 28 and the second material limiting plate 33 are limited in the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the seed containing box 17 through the limiting plates 32.
The seed holds the bottom fixedly connected with unloading funnel 26 of case 17, can play through unloading funnel 26 and carry out the water conservancy diversion to the seed that drops through the inside slotted hole of second driving disc 30 and first rotating disc 23, guarantees that the seed can drop in the ditch inslot that arbor 5 was seted up soil is ploughed in the ditching.
The working principle is as follows: when a worker uses the device, the device can be fixed on a driving vehicle through a fixing bolt 16, when the planting land needs to be ditched, the driving motor 15 is started, the output shaft of the driving motor 15 drives a first group of transmission gears 13 to rotate, the transmission gears 13 drive a transmission chain 14 to rotate, so that the transmission chain 14 drives another two groups of transmission gears 13 to rotate together, the transmission gears 13 rotate to drive a ball screw 12 to fixedly rotate in the fixing frame 10, the ball screw 12 rotates to facilitate the up-and-down movement of a stabilizer bar 11, the stabilizer bar 11 drives a moving block 2 to vertically slide in sliding grooves formed in the left side and the right side of a U-shaped frame 1, the moving rod 3 moves downwards to drive a ditching cutter shaft 5 to move downwards together, the ditching cutter shaft 5 is convenient to ditch the land, and the ditching cutter shaft 5 moves upwards and downwards simultaneously, according to the depth requirements of different crops in the soil, the ditching depth of the ditching cutter shaft 5 to the soil is controlled.
When needs are adjusted the ditching interval, through starting up hydraulic telescoping rod 9, make hydraulic telescoping rod 9 drive dead lever 8 reciprocate together, thereby make three group's removal axle 7 at the inside horizontal slip of dead lever 8, at the in-process that removes axle 7, drive equidistant removal between four group's ditching cutter shafts 5 through hinge bar 6, be convenient for adjust the distance between every group ditching cutter shaft 5, through the regulation to 5 intervals of each group's ditching cutter shaft, according to the size of the body type requirement of seed growth, realize ditching cutter shaft 5 and offer the slot of different intervals to the soil.
Seeds are poured into the seed containing box 17, the servo motor 25 is started simultaneously, an output shaft of the servo motor 25 drives the belt pulley 24 to rotate, the belt pulley 24 drives the transmission belt 19 to rotate, the transmission belt 19 transmits power to the surface of the second transmission disc 30, so that the second transmission disc 30 rotates, the second transmission disc 30 drives the first transmission disc 23 to rotate together through the connecting rod 21, when the second transmission disc 30 and the first transmission disc 23 are overlapped with the slotted hole formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the seed containing box 17 according to the slotted hole transversely formed in the central position of the inner wall of the bottom end of the seed containing box 17, the seeds in the seed containing box 17 conveniently fall into the grooves formed in the soil by the ditching cutter shaft 5 when the second transmission disc 30 and the first transmission disc 23 rotate, and the first material limiting plates 28 and the second material limiting plates 33 are arranged on the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the seed containing box 17, according to the fact that the first material limiting plate 28 is internally provided with the slotted holes with different sizes, the surfaces of the first material limiting plate 28 and the second material limiting plate 33 are respectively attached to the inner wall of the bottom end of the seed containing box 17, and therefore the falling density of seeds can be conveniently controlled.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an agriculture and forestry are planted with ditching device that has automatic seeding structure, includes U-shaped frame (1), driving motor (15) and servo motor (25), its characterized in that: the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame (1) are inserted with moving blocks (2), one ends, far away from the inner wall of the U-shaped frame (1), of the moving blocks (2) are fixedly connected with moving rods (3), sliders (4) are inserted inside the moving rods (3), stabilizing shafts (34) are fixedly connected to the surfaces of one ends, far away from the inner wall of the moving rods (3), of the moving blocks (2), ditching tillage cutter shafts (5) are fixedly connected to one ends, penetrating through the inner walls of the moving rods (3), of the stabilizing shafts (34), hinged rods (6) are sleeved on the surfaces of the stabilizing shafts (34), moving shafts (7) are inserted inside one ends, far away from the stabilizing shafts (34), of the hinged rods (6), of the moving shafts (7), fixing rods (8) are sleeved on the surfaces of one ends, far away from the hinged rods (6), of the moving shafts, of the fixing, an L-shaped plate (35) is fixedly connected to the top end of the hydraulic telescopic rod (9), one side of the L-shaped plate (35) is fixedly connected to the surface of the moving rod (3), a fixed frame (10) is fixedly connected to the surface of one side of the U-shaped frame (1), a fixing bolt (16) is inserted into the surface of one end, away from the U-shaped frame (1), of the fixed frame (10), a stabilizer bar (11) is fixedly connected to the surface of the moving block (2), a ball screw (12) is inserted into the end, penetrating through the inner wall of the U-shaped frame (1), of the stabilizer bar (11), a transmission gear (13) is sleeved on the surface of one end, away from the stabilizer bar (11), of the ball screw (12), a transmission gear (13), a transmission chain (14) is meshed with the surface of the transmission chain (13), and a seed containing box (, and the seed holds bottom center position fixedly connected with fixed axle (18) of case (17) to the surface cover of fixed axle (18) is equipped with second transmission dish (30), the first axis of rotation (20) of one end bottom side fixedly connected with that fixed axle (18) was kept away from in second transmission dish (30), and the surface cover of first axis of rotation (20) is equipped with connecting rod (21), the surface cover of second transmission dish (30) is equipped with driving belt (19), and inside the inserting of one end of keeping away from second transmission dish (30) of driving belt (19) is equipped with belt pulley (24) to the output shaft that is equipped with servo motor (25) is inserted to the inside of belt pulley (24), the seed holds bottom fixedly connected with unloading funnel (26) of case (17).
2. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the U-shaped frame (1) are provided with sliding grooves, the moving blocks (2) are inserted into the sliding grooves, and the sliding grooves formed in the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the U-shaped frame (1) are in sliding connection with the moving blocks (2).
3. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the inner part of the moving rod (3) is provided with sliding grooves, the sliding blocks (4) are inserted into the sliding grooves, four groups of sliding blocks (4) are arranged, and the sliding grooves formed in the moving rod (3) are in sliding connection with the sliding blocks (4).
4. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a fixed pole, including removal pole (3), articulated rod (6), removal axle (7), cross slot, removal axle (7) and movable rod (3) constitute to rotate with articulated rod (6) and be connected, and articulated rod (6) constitute to rotate with removal axle (7) and be connected, the cross slot has been seted up to the inside of dead lever (8), and the cross slot is inside to be inserted and to be equipped with movable axle (7) to removal axle (7) are provided with three groups, the cross slot that dead lever (8) inside was seted up constitutes sliding connection with.
5. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the three groups of transmission gears (13) are arranged, an output shaft of the driving motor (15) is inserted into the transmission gears (13), and the driving motor (15) is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the fixing frame (10).
6. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the fixed frame (10) of bottom fixedly connected with of driving belt (19), and the fixed surface of first axis of rotation (20) is connected with connecting rod (21) to one end fixedly connected with second axis of rotation (22) of first axis of rotation (20) are kept away from in connecting rod (21), the first rotary disk of top fixedly connected with (23) of second axis of rotation (22).
7. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the top surface of second transmission dish (30) holds the bottom surface of case (17) with the seed and contradicts, the bottom surface that the seed held case (17) is contradictory with first rotation dish (23) top surface, the slotted hole has been seted up to the bottom inner wall that the seed held case (17), the slotted hole has been seted up with the inside of first rotation dish (23) to second transmission dish (30), the seed holds the slotted hole area that case (17) bottom inner wall was seted up and the slotted hole area looks adaptation that driving belt (19) and first rotation dish (23) inside were seted up.
8. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the seed holds both ends inner wall about case (17) and sets up slottedly, and the articulated piece of groove point bottom inner wall fixedly connected with (27) to articulated piece (27) are inside to articulate through the articulated shaft has first limit flitch (28), and the inside central point of first limit flitch (28) puts the vertical a plurality of slotted holes of having seted up of a plurality of groups, the seed holds the one end inner wall that first limit flitch (28) were kept away from to case (17) and articulates through articulated piece (27) has second limit flitch (33), and the inside central point of second limit flitch (33) puts the vertical a plurality of slotted holes of having seted up of a plurality of groups, the slotted hole area of seting up of first limit flitch (28) inside is less than the slotted hole area of seting up of second limit flitch (33), and the slotted hole area of seting up of second limit flitch (33) inside is less than.
9. The ditching device with an automatic seeding structure for agricultural and forestry planting according to claim 1, wherein: the seed holds the one end inner wall of case (17) and is provided with first limit flitch (28), and the top side surface of first limit flitch (28) is inconsistent with the bottom side surface of limiting plate (32), the one end surface welding that first limit flitch (28) were kept away from in limiting plate (32) has reset spring (29), and reset spring (29) keep away from the one end welding of limiting plate (32) and hold the fluting inner wall at both ends about case (17) at the seed, the top of limiting plate (32) is articulated through the articulated shaft to have fixed block (31), and the bottom fixed connection of fixed block (31) holds the top surface of case (17) at the seed.
CN202011213765.5A 2020-11-04 2020-11-04 Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting Withdrawn CN112314114A (en)

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CN202011213765.5A CN112314114A (en) 2020-11-04 2020-11-04 Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011213765.5A CN112314114A (en) 2020-11-04 2020-11-04 Ditching device with automatic seeding structure for agriculture and forestry planting

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113330861A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-09-03 山东豪达农业科技有限公司 Tomato seeding device with controllable seeding interval and depth
CN113475195A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-10-08 严海平 A quick ditching equipment for agricultural seed sowing
CN114467389A (en) * 2022-01-29 2022-05-13 扬州大学 Multifunctional unmanned cultivation device
CN114868487A (en) * 2022-04-05 2022-08-09 陈品尚 Accurate ditching device for agricultural planting and use method thereof
CN116508462A (en) * 2023-06-27 2023-08-01 山西农业大学 Intertillage fertilization laxative weeder
CN116806451A (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-09-29 安徽农业大学 Self-adaptive profiling double-cutter-shaft electric mini-tiller and control method thereof

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113330861A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-09-03 山东豪达农业科技有限公司 Tomato seeding device with controllable seeding interval and depth
CN113475195A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-10-08 严海平 A quick ditching equipment for agricultural seed sowing
CN114467389A (en) * 2022-01-29 2022-05-13 扬州大学 Multifunctional unmanned cultivation device
CN114868487A (en) * 2022-04-05 2022-08-09 陈品尚 Accurate ditching device for agricultural planting and use method thereof
CN116806451A (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-09-29 安徽农业大学 Self-adaptive profiling double-cutter-shaft electric mini-tiller and control method thereof
CN116806451B (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-11-21 安徽农业大学 Self-adaptive profiling double-cutter-shaft electric mini-tiller and control method thereof
CN116508462A (en) * 2023-06-27 2023-08-01 山西农业大学 Intertillage fertilization laxative weeder
CN116508462B (en) * 2023-06-27 2023-09-01 山西农业大学 Intertillage fertilization laxative weeder

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Application publication date: 20210205