CN111938996A - Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient - Google Patents

Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111938996A
CN111938996A CN202010854882.3A CN202010854882A CN111938996A CN 111938996 A CN111938996 A CN 111938996A CN 202010854882 A CN202010854882 A CN 202010854882A CN 111938996 A CN111938996 A CN 111938996A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
patient
rod
seat
supporting
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Pending
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CN202010854882.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王荣海
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West China Hospital of Sichuan University
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West China Hospital of Sichuan University
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Application filed by West China Hospital of Sichuan University filed Critical West China Hospital of Sichuan University
Priority to CN202010854882.3A priority Critical patent/CN111938996A/en
Publication of CN111938996A publication Critical patent/CN111938996A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0255Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane
    • A61H1/0262Walking movement; Appliances for aiding disabled persons to walk
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0149Seat or chair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of lower limb rehabilitation, in particular to auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for a patient with paralyzed lower limbs, which comprises a bottom frame, a running belt for the walking of the lower limb rehabilitation training of the patient, a supporting component for supporting the patient when standing, a seat for the rest of the patient, a moving component convenient for the patient to sit on the seat, a rehabilitation component for the lower limb rehabilitation training of the patient and a traction component for the stable standing of the patient, wherein the periphery of the bottom frame is provided with a supporting leg, the bottom frame is in a U-shaped frame shape, the running belt is arranged at an opening of the U-shaped end of the bottom frame, the running belt is arranged on the running frame and is also sleeved on a plurality of rollers, the supporting component comprises a supporting frame for the walking support of the patient and a height adjusting mechanism for adjusting the height of the supporting frame, and the invention solves the problems that the traditional lower limb rehabilitation equipment causes the patient to, the efficiency of patient's rehabilitation training is improved to and avoided the patient to have the laboursome condition.

Description

Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of lower limb rehabilitation, in particular to auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for a patient with lower limb paralysis.
Background
In recent years, as the progress of aging is continuously accelerated in China, patients with cerebrovascular diseases or nervous system diseases in an aged group are continuously increased and show a trend of youngness, and meanwhile, the number of people with neuropathic pains or limb injuries caused by traffic accidents, engineering accidents and the like is increased, the rehabilitation training robot is developed for recovering the injured parts of the patients, according to the neural plasticity theory, the rehabilitation training robot for repairing the injured parts is provided for the patients who cannot walk due to cerebral apoplexy, spinal cord injury and the like to perform rehabilitation training, and the rehabilitation training robot is mainly used for the patients who cannot walk due to the cerebral apoplexy, the spinal cord injury and the like to perform rehabilitation training by driving muscles of the whole body by joint activities when the patients perform gait activities, so that the whole body movement system is gradually activated, and is the rehabilitation training robot capable of helping the injured parts to recover.
Present rehabilitation training robot is of a great variety, all be the structure that adopts ectoskeleton robot, ectoskeleton robot is including wearing formula and fixed stay formula, it is articulated between each backup pad on the ectoskeleton robot, the backup pad is binded fixedly through band and people's thigh and shank, the backup pad is relatively poor to the buffering holding power of people's shank when relative rotation, cause the too big problem of recovered person's shank labored easily like this, secondary injury appears even, present wearing formula ectoskeleton robot's backup pad position is articulated, torsion through the spring makes mechanical joint position possess certain buffering power, but still can't avoid the too big problem of labored of recovered person's shank in the rehabilitation training in-process of initial stage.
When the wearable exoskeleton robot is used for indoor training, a weight-reducing traction mechanism needs to be equipped, the weight-reducing traction mechanism mainly plays a role in reducing pressure load on legs of a rehabilitee, some current wearable exoskeleton robots can also be equipped with weight-reducing traction mechanisms, one end of a steel wire on the weight-reducing traction mechanism is connected with one end of a balancing weight, the other end of the balancing weight is connected with a body binding sleeve, and the body binding sleeve plays a role in upwards traction on the body of the rehabilitee.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problem, the auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for the paralyzed lower limbs is provided, and the technical scheme solves the problems that the traditional lower limb rehabilitation equipment causes the patient to be labored and the rehabilitation efficiency is not high.
In order to achieve the above purposes, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a kind of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment used for paralyzed patient of lower limbs, including the chassis, also include the running belt used for the lower limb rehabilitation training walking of the patient, the supporting component used for the patient to support when standing, the seat used for the patient to rest, the moving component which is convenient for the patient to put on the seat, the rehabilitation component used for the lower limb rehabilitation training of the patient and the traction component used for the patient to stand stably, there is a supporting foot all around the bottom of the chassis, the chassis is U-shaped frame, the running belt is set up in the U-shaped end opening of the chassis, the moving component is set up in the top of the running belt, the seat is set up on the moving component, the supporting component is set up in the top of the chassis, the rehabilitation component is set up in the seat, the traction component is set up in the top of the seat, the running belt is set up on a running frame, the running belt is still set up on several cylinders, the supporting component includes, the height adjusting mechanism is arranged at the top of the bottom frame, and the supporting frame is arranged at the top of the height adjusting mechanism.
As an optimal scheme that is used for paralysed patient's of low limbs auxiliary rehabilitation equipment, the top both sides of chassis are two liang of equal symmetries of vertical state respectively along the length side of chassis and are equipped with four hollow columns, the support frame is the U-shaped, the U-shaped open end of support frame is towards the one end of keeping away from traction assembly, the bottom both sides of support frame all peg graft in corresponding hollow column through two peg graft poles, the bottom both sides of every peg pole still all outwards pass corresponding hollow column and extend and be equipped with a kelly that prevents every peg pole and break away from corresponding hollow column, and the both sides of every hollow column all are equipped with a bar mouth of the corresponding kelly activity of being convenient for along the length direction of corresponding hollow column, the top both sides of support frame still all are equipped with the pole of holding up.
As an optimal scheme of the auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for the paralyzed lower limbs, the height adjusting mechanism comprises a first screw rod and a first guide rod, the first screw rod and the first guide rod are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the top of the underframe, the first screw rod and the first guide rod are both arranged between two corresponding hollow columns in a vertical state, the bottom end of the first screw rod penetrates through the underframe to extend downwards, a first bevel gear is further sleeved on the extending end of the first screw rod, a second bevel gear is meshed with one side of the first bevel gear and further rotates through a first driving motor, and the first driving motor is fixed at the bottom of the underframe.
As an optimal scheme that is used for paralysed patient's of low limbs supplementary rehabilitation equipment, the slip cover is equipped with a lift ring on the first screw rod, the outside of first screw rod still is vertical state cover and is equipped with a sleeve, and telescopic inside diameter equals the diameter of lift ring, the lift ring still all vertically upwards be equipped with an extension rod all around, four extension rods are higher than telescopic top and still connect through a fixed disk, the outside of first guide bar still is vertical state cover and is equipped with a stabilization column, and the top of still all vertical upwards passing the support frame of stabilization column and fixed disk is equipped with a screw thread post, and every screw thread post still all is fixed in on the support frame through a nut.
As a preferred scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for patients with paralyzed lower limbs, the moving assembly comprises a sliding plate and two sliding tables, the two sliding tables are symmetrically arranged at the two sides of the top of the running frame along the length direction of the running frame in a horizontal state, a second screw rod and a second guide rod are respectively arranged on the two sliding tables along the length direction of the corresponding sliding tables, the second screw rod is driven by a second driving motor, the two sides of the sliding plate are respectively sleeved on the second guide rod and the second screw rod through a lantern ring in a sliding manner, the top of the sliding plate is also provided with a notch which does not hinder the rehabilitation assembly from driving the patient to train, the direction of the notch faces to the opening end of the supporting frame, the top of the two sliding tables is also provided with a sliding groove along the length direction, the two sides of the bottom of the sliding plate are also slidably clamped in the corresponding sliding grooves through a supporting plate for, the seat is disposed on top of the sled by a stabilizing assembly.
As an optimal scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for patients with lower limb paralysis, the stabilizing component comprises two supporting cylinders for supporting seats, handrails are arranged on two sides of the top of each seat, the seats are positioned above the sliding plates, one ends, close to the traction components, of the seats can be hinged between two hinged frames in a rotating mode, sliding strips are arranged on two sides of the bottom of each seat along the length direction of the seat, a sliding block is further sleeved on each sliding strip in a sliding mode, a round rod is further arranged on each sliding block in a mode of extending outwards, a supporting rod is further sleeved on each round rod in a rotating mode, and the free end of each bracing piece still all rotates with the top of slide and articulates, and the output of every support cylinder all articulates with one side that every bracing piece is close to corresponding slider, and the free end of every support cylinder still all articulates in the top of slide and keeps away from one side of corresponding bracing piece.
As an optimal scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patients, a back plate is further arranged at one end, close to a traction assembly, of a seat, the back plate can be hinged to the top of the seat in a rotating mode, short rods are further arranged on two sides of the back plate outwards, each short rod is further arranged in a semi-arc groove, a first spring is further connected between each short rod and the corresponding semi-arc groove, the rehabilitation assembly comprises two leg swinging mechanisms, the structure of each leg swinging mechanism is identical, each leg swinging mechanism is composed of a thigh frame, a shank frame and a foot plate, two placing openings used for placing the thigh frames are further symmetrically formed in the top of the seat, each shank frame can be hinged to the outer end of each thigh frame in a rotating mode, and each foot plate is arranged at the bottom of each shank frame.
As an optimal scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for patients with lower limb paralysis, the top of each thigh frame is provided with a plurality of first clamping belts used for clamping thighs of the patients, each shank frame is also provided with a plurality of second clamping belts used for clamping shanks of the patients, the top of each foot plate is also provided with a plurality of third clamping belts used for clamping soles of feet, a first articulated part is arranged between one end, far away from the corresponding shank frame, of the bottom of each thigh frame and the top end, facing the corresponding shank frame, of each shank frame, the two first articulated parts are connected through a first electric air rod, and one end, close to the shank frame, of the bottom of each thigh frame is hinged to the closed end of the top of the sliding plate through a second electric air rod.
As an optimal scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for patients with lower limb paralysis, the periphery of the top of each foot plate is vertically and upwards inserted into a rotating frame through a vertical rod, a second spring is further sleeved on each vertical rod, each rotating frame is rotatably hinged to the bottom end of the corresponding lower leg frame, a second hinged portion is arranged between the hinged portion of each rotating frame and the back side of the corresponding lower leg frame, and the two second hinged portions are hinged through a third electric air rod.
As a preferred scheme of auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for patients with lower limb paralysis, the traction assembly comprises a traction wheel and a high frame body, the top of the high frame body is positioned above the seat, the top of the high frame body is provided with a moving opening along the length direction of the high frame body, the two sides of the moving opening are respectively provided with a third screw rod and a third guide rod along the length direction, the third screw rod is further driven by a third driving motor, a moving plate is arranged on the third screw rod and the third guide rod in a sliding manner, the traction wheel is driven by a rotating motor, a circle of traction rope is sleeved on the traction wheel, a first pulley and a second pulley are respectively arranged on one side of the traction wheel and the top of the moving plate, the output end of the traction rope vertically penetrates through the moving plate downwards to extend out through the first pulley and the second pulley, and a traction belt for traction of the patients is further arranged on the extending end of the traction rope, the top of the traction belt also vertically penetrates upwards through the moving plate to be provided with four stabilizer bars.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
when a patient carries out rehabilitation training, firstly, a medical worker holds the patient to the seat, after the patient sits on the seat, the medical worker equips the rehabilitation component on the lower limb of the patient, then, the moving component drives the patient to bring the running belt, the patient can carry out training of swinging the lower limb on the seat through the rehabilitation component, when the operator stands, the operator supports the support frame by hands to stand, the support frame can also carry out height adjustment according to the patient through the height adjusting mechanism, the traction component carries out traction support on the patient, so that the patient can keep upright without falling down, the patient can mark time on the running belt through the action of the lower limb of the rehabilitation component, so that the patient can carry out rehabilitation training through walking on the running belt, when the patient is tired in rehabilitation training, the patient can sit on the seat to have a rest, and the effect of comprehensive assistance of the patient in rehabilitation training is ensured, the lower limb rehabilitation device solves the problems that the traditional lower limb rehabilitation device causes the patient to be labored and the rehabilitation efficiency is low, improves the rehabilitation training efficiency of the patient, and avoids the labored condition of the patient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the support assembly;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the support assembly;
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the support assembly;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a stabilizing assembly;
FIG. 6 is a front view of the stabilizing assembly;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the leg swing mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a side view of the leg swing mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the draft assembly;
fig. 10 is a front view of the tow assembly.
Description of reference numerals: the walking frame comprises an underframe 1, a running belt 2, a seat 3, a running frame 4, a support frame 5, a hollow column 6, an insertion rod 7, a clamping rod 8, a holding rod 9, a first screw rod 10, a first guide rod 11, a first bevel gear 12, a second bevel gear 13, a first driving motor 14, a lifting ring 15, a sleeve 16, an extension rod 17, a fixed disk 18, a stabilizing column 19, a nut 20, a sliding plate 21, a sliding table 22, a second screw rod 23, a second guide rod 24, a second driving motor 25, a lantern ring 26, a supporting cylinder 27, an armrest 28, a hinged frame 29, a sliding strip 30, a sliding block 31, a supporting rod 32, a back plate 33, a short rod 34, a semi-arc groove 35, a first spring 36, a thigh frame 37, a shank frame 38, a foot plate 39, a placing port 40, a first clamping belt 41, a second clamping belt 42, a third clamping belt 43, a first electric air rod 44, a second electric air rod 45, a vertical rod 46, a rotating frame 47, a second spring 48 and a third electric air rod 49, The device comprises a traction wheel 50, a high frame body 51, a third screw 52, a third guide rod 53, a third driving motor 54, a moving plate 55, a rotating motor 56, a traction rope 57, a first pulley 58, a second pulley 59, a traction belt 60 and a stabilizer bar 61.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to disclose the invention so as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention. The preferred embodiments in the following description are given by way of example only, and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, an auxiliary rehabilitation device for a patient with paralyzed lower limbs comprises a base frame 1, a running belt 2 for walking of lower limb rehabilitation training of the patient, a supporting component for supporting the patient when standing, a seat 3 for resting the patient, a moving component convenient for the patient to put on the seat 3, a rehabilitation component for lower limb rehabilitation training of the patient and a traction component for stable standing of the patient, wherein the periphery of the bottom of the base frame 1 is provided with a supporting leg, the base frame 1 is in a U-shaped frame shape, the running belt 2 is arranged at an opening of a U-shaped end of the base frame 1, the moving component is arranged at the top of the running belt 2, the seat 3 is arranged on the moving component, the supporting component is arranged at the top of the base frame 1, the rehabilitation component is arranged on the seat 3, the traction component is arranged above the seat 3, the running belt 2 is arranged on a running frame 4, the running belt 2 is further sleeved, the supporting component comprises a supporting frame 5 used for supporting a patient in a hand way and a height adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the height of the supporting frame 5, the height adjusting mechanism is arranged at the top of the underframe 1, and the supporting frame 5 is arranged at the top of the height adjusting mechanism. When a patient carries out rehabilitation training, firstly, medical staff hold the patient to the seat 3, after the patient sits on the seat 3, the medical staff equips the rehabilitation component on the lower limb of the patient, then, the moving component drives the patient to take the running belt 2, the patient can carry out the lower limb swinging training on the seat 3 through the rehabilitation component, when the operator stands, operating personnel is supporting support frame 5 through the hand and is standing up, support frame 5 can also carry out altitude mixture control according to the patient through altitude mixture control mechanism, the subassembly that pulls the support with the patient, make the patient keep upright the phenomenon that can not appear tumbleing, the patient is marked time on running area 2 through the effect low limbs of recovered subassembly, make the patient carry out the rehabilitation training through the walking on running area 2, patient's rehabilitation training can sit and have a rest on seat 3 when tired, patient's rehabilitation training has been guaranteed and has been played the effect of comprehensive helping hand.
The top both sides of chassis 1 are two liang of equal symmetries of vertical state respectively along chassis 1's length side and are equipped with four hollow post 6, support frame 5 is the U-shaped, the U-shaped open end of support frame 5 is towards the one end of keeping away from the subassembly that pulls, the bottom both sides of support frame 5 all peg graft in corresponding hollow post 6 through two peg graft pole 7, the bottom both sides of every peg graft pole 7 still all outwards pass corresponding hollow post 6 and extend and be equipped with one and prevent that every peg pole 7 breaks away from the kelly 8 of corresponding hollow post 6, and the both sides of every hollow post 6 all are equipped with a bar mouth of being convenient for corresponding kelly 8 activity along the length direction of corresponding hollow post 6, the top both sides of support frame 5 still all are equipped with the pole 9 of holding up of being. When the patient carries out the rehabilitation training, at first, medical personnel hold up the patient to seat 3 on, the patient sits back on seat 3, medical personnel equips the lower limbs of patient with the rehabilitation subassembly, then, it brings to run on taking 2 to move the subassembly, the patient can carry out the training of swing lower limbs through the rehabilitation subassembly on seat 3, operating personnel stands when, operating personnel is standing, operating personnel is holding up two poles 9 through hand support and is standing up, support frame 5 can also carry out altitude mixture control according to the patient through altitude mixture control mechanism.
The height adjusting mechanism comprises a first screw rod 10 and a first guide rod 11, the first screw rod 10 and the first guide rod 11 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the top of the bottom frame 1, the first screw rod 10 and the first guide rod 11 are both arranged between the two corresponding hollow columns 6 in a vertical state, the bottom end of the first screw rod 10 penetrates through the bottom frame 1 to extend downwards, a first bevel gear 12 is further sleeved on the extending end of the first screw rod 10, a second bevel gear 13 is arranged on one side of the first bevel gear 12 in a meshed mode, the second bevel gear 13 further rotates through a first driving motor 14, and the first driving motor 14 is fixed to the bottom of the bottom frame 1. When the patient adjusts the height of the support frame 5, the first driving motor 14 drives the first bevel gear 12 to rotate, and the second bevel gear 13 rotates to drive the first screw 10 to rotate due to the mutual engagement between the second bevel gear 13 and the first bevel gear 12.
Sliding sleeve is equipped with a lift ring 15 on first screw rod 10, the outside of first screw rod 10 still is vertical state cover and is equipped with a sleeve 16, and sleeve 16's inside diameter equals lift ring 15's diameter, lift ring 15 still all vertically upwards be equipped with an extension rod 17 all around, four extension rods 17 are higher than sleeve 16's top and still connect through a fixed disk 18, the outside of first guide bar 11 still is vertical state cover and is equipped with a stabilization column 19, and stabilization column 19 and fixed disk 18's top still all vertically upwards passes the top of support frame 5 and is equipped with a screw thread post, and every screw thread post still all is fixed in on the support frame 5 through a nut 20. After the first screw rod 10 rotates, the lifting ring 15 moves on the first screw rod 10, the lifting ring 15 drives the four extension rods 17 to enable the fixed disc 18 to move upwards, the support frame 5 moves upwards in the corresponding hollow column 6 through the four insertion rods 7, the two support rods 9 are adjusted to positions required by a patient, and the clamping rod 8 on each insertion rod 7 is used for preventing each insertion rod 7 from being separated from the corresponding hollow column 6.
The moving assembly comprises a sliding plate 21 and two sliding tables 22, the two sliding tables 22 are symmetrically arranged at the two sides of the top of the running frame 4 along the length direction of the running frame 4 in a horizontal state, a second screw 23 and a second guide rod 24 are respectively arranged on the two sliding tables 22 along the length direction of the corresponding sliding tables 22, and the second screw 23 is also driven by a second driving motor 25, two sides of the sliding plate 21 are respectively slidably sleeved on the second guiding rod 24 and the second screw 23 by a sleeve ring 26, and slide 21's top still is equipped with a breach that does not hinder recovered subassembly and drive patient's training, and the direction of breach is towards the open end of support frame 5, and two slip table 22's top still all is equipped with a spout along length direction, and slide 21's bottom both sides still all are used for stable backup pad slip joint in corresponding spout through one, and seat 3 sets up in slide 21's top through a stabilizing component. When the patient sits on the seat 3 and then comes to the running belt 2 through the moving assembly, the second driving motor 25 drives the second screw rod 23 to rotate, the sliding plate 21 moves on the second guide rod 24 through the second screw rod 23, when the patient needs to stand for training, the stabilizing assembly can pack the seat 3, the seat 3 is prevented from touching the patient, and the notch on the sliding plate 21 is also used for not hindering the rehabilitation training of the patient on the running belt 2.
The stabilizing assembly comprises two supporting cylinders 27 for supporting the seat 3, armrests 28 are arranged on two sides of the top of the seat 3, the seat 3 is positioned above the sliding plate 21, one end of the seat 3, which is close to the traction assembly, can be rotatably hinged between two hinged frames 29, two sliding strips 30 are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the seat 3 along the length direction of the seat 3, each sliding strip 30 is also provided with a sliding block 31 in a sliding way, the outward side of each sliding block 31 is also provided with a round rod in an outward extending way, each round rod is provided with a supporting rod 32 in a rotatable way, and the free end of each supporting rod 32 is also hinged with the top of the sliding plate 21, the output end of each supporting cylinder 27 is hinged with one side of each supporting rod 32 close to the corresponding sliding block 31, and the free end of each supporting cylinder 27 is also hinged with one side of the top of the sliding plate 21 far away from the corresponding supporting rod 32. When the stabilizing assembly supports or stows seat 3, each support rod pushes the corresponding support rod 32 to rotate on slide plate 21, and since each support rod 32 is hinged to the corresponding slide block 31, the slide block 31 moves on the corresponding slide bar 30, and seat 3 is also supported or stowed by the rotation of support rod 32.
Seat 3 is close to the one end of pulling the subassembly and still is equipped with a backplate 33, backplate 33 can pivoted articulate in the top of seat 3, the both sides of backplate 33 still all outwards are equipped with a short-bar 34, every short-bar 34 still all sets up in a semi-arc groove 35, and still all be connected with a first spring 36 between every short-bar 34 and the corresponding semi-arc groove 35, recovered subassembly includes two leg swing mechanisms, the structure of every leg swing mechanism is all the same, every leg swing mechanism comprises a thigh frame 37, a shank frame 38 and a sole 39, the top of seat 3 still symmetry is equipped with two places mouthful 40 that are used for thigh frame 37 to place, every shank frame 38 all can the pivoted articulate in the outer end of every thigh frame 37, every sole 39 all sets up in the bottom of every shank frame 38. When patient's rehabilitation training tired rest, the patient sits and leans back on backplate 33 on seat 3, because the both ends of backplate 33 all are in corresponding half arc groove 35 through a quarter butt 34 to all be connected with a first spring 36 between every quarter butt 34 and the corresponding half arc groove 35, consequently, backplate 33 follows and leans back to the back through patient, is convenient for the better rest of patient.
The top of each thigh frame 37 is provided with a plurality of first clamping belts 41 used for clamping thighs of a patient, each lower leg frame 38 is also provided with a plurality of second clamping belts 42 used for clamping lower legs of the patient, the top of each foot plate 39 is also provided with a plurality of third clamping belts 43 used for clamping soles of feet, a first articulated part is arranged between one end, far away from the corresponding lower leg frame 38, of the bottom of each thigh frame 37 and the top end, facing the corresponding thigh frame 37, of each lower leg frame 38, the two first articulated parts are connected through a first electric air rod 44, and one end, close to the lower leg frame 38, of the bottom of each thigh frame 37 is hinged to the closed end of the top of the sliding plate 21 through a second electric air rod 45. When a patient is equipped with the rehabilitation assembly, the medical staff places thighs, calves and soles of the patient on the corresponding thigh frames 37, the corresponding calf frames 38 and the corresponding foot plates 39, then the medical staff clamps the thighs, the calves and the soles through the first clamping belts 41, the second clamping belts 42 and the third clamping belts 43 to prevent the patient from falling down when standing, and during rehabilitation training of the patient, each second electric air rod 45 pushes the corresponding thigh frame 37 to lift upwards to enable the thighs to lift upwards, then each first electric air rod 44 pushes the corresponding calf frame 38 to move outwards to enable the calves of the patient to move forwards.
The periphery of the top of each foot plate 39 is vertically and upwardly inserted into a rotating frame 47 through a vertical rod 46, a second spring 48 is further sleeved on each vertical rod 46, each rotating frame 47 is rotatably hinged to the bottom end of the corresponding lower leg frame 38, a second hinged portion is arranged between the hinged position of each rotating frame 47 and the back side of the corresponding lower leg frame 38, and the two second hinged portions are hinged through a third electric air rod 49. After the patient steps on two sole 39, because all peg graft through four montants 46 between every sole 39 and the corresponding rotating turret 47, and all overlap on every montant 46 and be equipped with a second spring 48, consequently, two soles of patient all can stand on running belt 2, can cushion when two sole 39 walk the training on running belt 2 of being convenient for, make the patient avoid the phenomenon of labouring, every third electronic gas pole 49 promotes corresponding rotating turret 47 and drives corresponding sole 39 and do and trample the action, finally, the patient carries out lower limbs rehabilitation training under thigh frame 37, shank frame 38 and the cooperation of sole 39.
The traction assembly comprises a traction wheel 50 and an elevated frame body 51, the top of the elevated frame body 51 is positioned above the seat 3, the top of the elevated frame body 51 is provided with a moving opening along the length direction of the elevated frame body 51, the two sides of the moving opening are respectively provided with a third screw 52 and a third guide rod 53 along the length direction, the third screw 52 is further driven by a third driving motor 54, a moving plate 55 is arranged on the third screw 52 and the third guide rod 53 in a sliding manner, the traction wheel 50 is driven by a rotating motor 56, the traction wheel 50 is sleeved with a circle of traction rope 57, one side of the traction wheel 50 and the top of the moving plate 55 are respectively provided with a first pulley 58 and a second pulley 59, the output end of the traction rope 57 vertically penetrates through the moving plate 55 downwards through the first pulley 58 and the second pulley 59 to extend downwards, and the extending end of the traction rope 57 is further provided with a traction belt 60 for pulling the patient, the top of the traction belt 60 is also provided with four stabilizing bars 61 passing vertically upwards through the moving plate 55. When a patient stands, a medical staff puts the traction belt 60 on the patient, the rotating motor 56 drives the traction wheel 50 to rotate along with the traction belt, the traction rope 57 on the traction wheel 50 lifts the traction belt 60 upwards on the first pulley 58 and the second pulley 59 along with the traction belt, the patient is also pulled along with the traction belt, when the patient walks and moves, the third driving motor 54 drives the third screw rod 52 to rotate, the moving plate 55 moves on the third guide rod 53 through the third screw rod 52 along with the moving plate, the traction belt 60 can also move along with the movement of the patient, and when the traction belt 60 pulls the patient, the traction belt 60 is stabilized through the four stabilizer bars 61, so that the traction belt 60 is ensured to enable the patient to be always in an upright state.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the device/apparatus/method realizes the functions of the invention by the following steps, thereby solving the technical problems proposed by the invention:
firstly, when a patient carries out rehabilitation training, firstly, a medical staff holds the patient to the seat 3, after the patient sits on the seat 3, the medical staff equips the rehabilitation component on the lower limb of the patient, then, the moving component drives the patient to bring the running belt 2, the patient can carry out training of swinging the lower limb on the seat 3 through the rehabilitation component, after the patient sits on the seat 3, the medical staff places the thigh, the shank and the sole of the patient on the corresponding thigh frame 37, the shank frame 38 and the foot plate 39, then, the medical staff clamps the thigh, the shank and the sole through a plurality of first clamping belts 41, second clamping belts 42 and third clamping belts 43 to prevent the patient from falling down when standing, when the patient comes onto the running belt 2 through the moving component, the second driving motor 25 drives the second screw 23 to rotate, the sliding plate 21 moves on the second guide rod 24 through the second screw 23, when the patient needs the training of standing, the subassembly of stabilizing can be packed up seat 3, prevents that seat 3 from touching the patient to the breach on slide 21 is also in order not to hinder the rehabilitation training of patient on running belt 2.
Step two, when the operator stands, the operator supports the two handrails 9 to stand up, the support frame 5 can also adjust the height according to the patient through the height adjusting mechanism, the first driving motor 14 drives the first bevel gear 12 to rotate, because the second bevel gear 13 is meshed with the first bevel gear 12, the second bevel gear 13 rotates to drive the first screw 10 to rotate, the lifting ring 15 moves on the first screw 10 along with the lifting ring 15, the lifting ring 15 drives the four extension rods 17 to move the fixing disc 18 upwards, the support frame 5 moves upwards in the corresponding hollow column 6 through the four insertion rods 7, the two handrails 9 are adjusted to the position required by the patient, the medical staff also needs to put the traction belt 60 on the patient, the rotating motor 56 drives the traction wheel 50 to rotate along with the lifting ring, the traction rope 57 on the traction wheel 50 lifts the traction belt 60 upwards on the first pulley 58 and the second pulley 59 along with the traction belt 60, the patient is also pulled up along with the patient, when the patient walks and moves, the third driving motor 54 drives the third screw rod 52 to rotate, the moving plate 55 moves on the third guide rod 53 through the third screw rod 52, the traction belt 60 can also move along with the movement of the patient, and when the traction belt 60 pulls up the patient, the traction belt 60 is stabilized through the four stabilizing rods 61, so that the patient is ensured to be always in an upright state by the traction belt 60.
Step three, when the patient takes a rest after rehabilitation training, the patient sits on the seat 3 and leans against the back plate 33, because two ends of the back plate 33 are both in the corresponding half-arc grooves 35 through the short rods 34, and the first springs 36 are connected between each short rod 34 and the corresponding half-arc groove 35, the back plate 33 tilts backwards along with the back of the patient, so that the patient can better take a rest, in the process of supporting or folding the seat 3 by the stabilizing assembly, each supporting gas rod pushes the corresponding supporting rod 32 to rotate on the sliding plate 21, and because each supporting rod 32 is hinged with the corresponding sliding block 31, the sliding block 31 moves on the corresponding sliding strip 30 along with the supporting rod, and the seat 3 is also supported or folded along with the rotation of the supporting rod 32.
Step four, when the patient performs rehabilitation training, after the patient steps on the two foot plates 39, because each foot plate 39 is inserted into the corresponding rotating frame 47 through the four vertical rods 46, and each vertical rod 46 is sleeved with a second spring 48, so that both soles of the patient can stand on the running belt 2, the two foot plates 39 can be buffered when the patient walks and trains on the running belt 2, the patient is prevented from being labored, then, each second electric air lever 45 pushes the corresponding thigh frame 37 to lift upwards, so that the thigh is lifted upwards, each first electric air lever 44 pushes the corresponding shank frame 38 to step outwards, so that the shank of the patient makes a stepping action, each third electric air lever 49 pushes the corresponding rotating frame 47 to drive the corresponding foot plate 39 to step, and finally, the patient performs lower limb rehabilitation training under the cooperation of the thigh frame 37, the shank frame 38 and the foot plate 39.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. A auxiliary rehabilitation device for paralyzed patients with lower limbs is characterized by comprising a chassis (1), a running belt (2) for walking of lower limb rehabilitation training of the patients, a supporting component for supporting the patients when standing, a seat (3) for resting the patients, a moving component convenient for the patients to go up the seat (3), a rehabilitation component for lower limb rehabilitation training of the patients and a traction component for stable standing of the patients, wherein the periphery of the bottom of the chassis (1) is provided with a supporting leg, the chassis (1) is in a U-shaped frame shape, the running belt (2) is arranged at the opening of the U-shaped end of the chassis (1), the moving component is arranged at the top of the running belt (2), the seat (3) is arranged on the moving component, the supporting component is arranged at the top of the chassis (1), the rehabilitation component is arranged on the seat (3), the traction component is arranged above the seat (3), the running belt (2) is arranged on a running frame (4), the running belt (2) is further sleeved on a plurality of rollers, the supporting assembly comprises a supporting frame (5) used for supporting a patient in a hand mode and a height adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the height of the supporting frame (5), the height adjusting mechanism is arranged at the top of the bottom frame (1), and the supporting frame (5) is arranged at the top of the height adjusting mechanism.
2. The rehabilitation assisting device for the paralyzed lower limbs of claim 1, wherein two sides of the top of the bottom frame (1) are respectively provided with four hollow columns (6) symmetrically in pairs in a vertical state along the length direction of the bottom frame (1), the support frame (5) is in a U shape, the U-shaped open end of the support frame (5) faces to one end far away from the traction assembly, two sides of the bottom of the support frame (5) are inserted into the corresponding hollow columns (6) through two insertion rods (7), two sides of the bottom of each insertion rod (7) extend outwards through the corresponding hollow column (6) to be provided with a clamping rod (8) for preventing each insertion rod (7) from being separated from the corresponding hollow column (6), and two sides of each hollow column (6) are provided with a strip-shaped opening convenient for the corresponding clamping rod (8) to move along the length direction of the corresponding hollow column (6), both sides of the top of the support frame (5) are provided with a support rod (9) which is convenient for a patient to support.
3. The rehabilitation assisting apparatus for paralyzed lower limbs according to claim 2, wherein the height adjusting mechanism comprises a first screw rod (10) and a first guide rod (11), the first screw rod (10) and the first guide rod (11) are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the top of the chassis (1), and the first screw (10) and the first guide rod (11) are arranged between the two corresponding hollow columns (6) in a vertical state, the bottom end of the first screw (10) penetrates through the bottom frame (1) to extend downwards, a first bevel gear (12) is further sleeved on the extending end of the first screw (10), a second bevel gear (13) is meshed with one side of the first bevel gear (12), and the second bevel gear (13) is also rotated by a first driving motor (14), and the first driving motor (14) is fixed at the bottom of the chassis (1).
4. The rehabilitation assisting device for the paralyzed lower limbs of claim 3, wherein a lifting ring (15) is slidably sleeved on the first screw rod (10), a sleeve (16) is sleeved on the outer side of the first screw rod (10) in a vertical state, the inner diameter of the sleeve (16) is equal to the diameter of the lifting ring (15), the periphery of the lifting ring (15) is vertically and upwards provided with an extension rod (17), the four extension rods (17) which are higher than the top of the sleeve (16) are connected through a fixed disc (18), the outer side of the first guide rod (11) is also vertically sleeved with a stabilizing column (19), and the top parts of the stabilizing column (19) and the fixed disc (18) are also provided with a threaded column vertically and upwards penetrating through the top part of the support frame (5), and each threaded column is also fixed on the support frame (5) through a nut (20).
5. The rehabilitation assisting device for the paralyzed lower limbs of the patient according to claim 4, wherein the moving assembly comprises a sliding plate (21) and two sliding tables (22), the two sliding tables (22) are horizontally and symmetrically arranged at two sides of the top of the running frame (4) along the length direction of the running frame (4), the two sliding tables (22) are respectively provided with a second screw rod (23) and a second guide rod (24) along the length direction of the corresponding sliding table (22), the second screw rod (23) is further driven by a second driving motor (25), two sides of the sliding plate (21) are respectively sleeved on the second guide rod (24) and the second screw rod (23) in a sliding manner through a lantern ring (26), the top of the sliding plate (21) is further provided with a notch which does not hinder the rehabilitation assembly from driving the patient to train, and the direction of the notch faces to the opening end of the supporting frame (5), the top of two slip tables (22) still all is equipped with a spout along length direction, and the bottom both sides of slide (21) still all are used for stable backup pad slip joint in corresponding spout through one, and seat (3) set up in the top of slide (21) through a stabilizing component.
6. The rehabilitation assisting device for the paralyzed lower limbs of the patient according to claim 5, wherein the stabilizing assembly comprises two supporting cylinders (27) for supporting the seat (3), both sides of the top of the seat (3) are provided with armrests (28), the seat (3) is positioned above the sliding plate (21), one end of the seat (3) close to the traction assembly is hinged between the two hinged frames (29) in a rotatable manner, both sides of the bottom of the seat (3) are provided with sliding strips (30) along the length direction of the seat (3), each sliding strip (30) is further sleeved with a sliding block (31) in a sliding manner, each sliding block (31) is further provided with a round bar extending outwards, each round bar is sleeved with a supporting rod (32) in a rotatable manner, and the free end of each supporting rod (32) is further hinged with the top of the sliding plate (21) in a rotatable manner, the output end of each supporting cylinder (27) is hinged with one side of each supporting rod (32) close to the corresponding sliding block (31), and the free end of each supporting cylinder (27) is hinged with one side of the top of the sliding plate (21) far away from the corresponding supporting rod (32).
7. The auxiliary rehabilitation device for the paralyzed lower limbs of the patient according to claim 6, wherein a back plate (33) is further arranged at one end of the seat (3) close to the traction assembly, the back plate (33) is hinged to the top of the seat (3) in a rotatable manner, a short rod (34) is further arranged at each of two sides of the back plate (33) outwards, each short rod (34) is further arranged in a semi-arc groove (35), a first spring (36) is further connected between each short rod (34) and the corresponding semi-arc groove (35), the rehabilitation assembly comprises two leg swinging mechanisms, each leg swinging mechanism is identical in structure, each leg swinging mechanism is composed of a thigh frame (37), a shank frame (38) and a foot plate (39), two placing openings (40) for placing the thigh frames (37) are further symmetrically arranged at the top of the seat (3), each lower leg rack (38) can be hinged at the outer end of each upper leg rack (37) in a rotating way, and each foot board (39) is arranged at the bottom of each lower leg rack (38).
8. The rehabilitation assisting device for the paralyzed lower limbs of claim 7, wherein a plurality of first clamping belts (41) for clamping the thighs of the patient are arranged at the top of each thigh frame (37), a plurality of second clamping belts (42) for clamping the lower legs of the patient are arranged on each lower leg frame (38), a plurality of third clamping belts (43) for clamping the soles of the feet are arranged at the top of each foot plate (39), a first hinge part is arranged between one end, away from the corresponding lower leg frame (38), of the bottom of each thigh frame (37) and the top end, facing the corresponding thigh frame (37), of each lower leg frame (38), and the two first hinge parts are connected through a first electric air rod (44), and one end of the bottom of each thigh frame (37) close to the lower leg frame (38) is hinged with the closed end of the top of the sliding plate (21) through a second electric air rod (45).
9. The rehabilitation assisting apparatus for the paralyzed lower limbs of claim 8, wherein the top of each foot plate (39) is vertically inserted upwards through a vertical rod (46) on a rotating frame (47) at the periphery, a second spring (48) is sleeved on each vertical rod (46), each rotating frame (47) is rotatably hinged with the bottom end of the corresponding lower leg frame (38), a second hinge part is arranged between the hinge part of each rotating frame (47) and the back side of the corresponding lower leg frame (38), and a third electric air rod (49) is hinged between the two second hinge parts.
10. The rehabilitation assisting apparatus for the paralyzed lower limbs of the patient according to claim 7, wherein the traction assembly comprises a traction wheel (50) and a high frame body (51), the top of the high frame body (51) is located above the seat (3), the top of the high frame body (51) is provided with a moving opening along the length direction of the high frame body (51), two sides of the moving opening are respectively provided with a third screw rod (52) and a third guide rod (53) along the length direction, the third screw rod (52) is further driven by a third driving motor (54), the third screw rod (52) and the third guide rod (53) are slidably provided with a first pulley (58) and a second pulley (59), the traction wheel (50) is driven by a rotating motor moving plate (56), the traction wheel (50) is sleeved with a circle of traction rope (57), one side of the traction wheel (50) and the top of the moving plate (55) are respectively provided with a first pulley (58) and a second pulley (59), the output end of the traction rope (57) vertically penetrates through the movable plate (55) downwards through the first pulley (58) and the second pulley (59) to extend downwards, a traction belt (60) for traction of a patient is further arranged at the extending end of the traction rope (57), and four stabilizer bars (61) are further vertically arranged upwards on the top of the traction belt (60) and penetrate through the movable plate (55).
CN202010854882.3A 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient Pending CN111938996A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112587369A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-02 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Auxiliary movement device for limbs of patient
CN113198135A (en) * 2021-04-13 2021-08-03 张华佳 Neurological leg nerve recovery training auxiliary device
CN113545967A (en) * 2021-08-18 2021-10-26 杭州程天科技发展有限公司 Exoskeleton device for rehabilitation and using method thereof
CN113768758A (en) * 2021-08-31 2021-12-10 安徽工程大学 Household rehabilitation robot
CN114587943A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-06-07 四川大学华西医院 Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112587369A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-02 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Auxiliary movement device for limbs of patient
CN113198135A (en) * 2021-04-13 2021-08-03 张华佳 Neurological leg nerve recovery training auxiliary device
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CN114587943A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-06-07 四川大学华西医院 Auxiliary rehabilitation equipment for lower limb paralysis patient

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Application publication date: 20201117