CN111659709A - Energy-saving environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and use method - Google Patents

Energy-saving environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and use method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111659709A
CN111659709A CN202010556657.1A CN202010556657A CN111659709A CN 111659709 A CN111659709 A CN 111659709A CN 202010556657 A CN202010556657 A CN 202010556657A CN 111659709 A CN111659709 A CN 111659709A
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China
Prior art keywords
solid waste
groove
conveyor belt
fixedly connected
energy
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CN202010556657.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111659709B (en
Inventor
沈明霞
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Nanjing Guohuan Science And Technology Co ltd
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Nanjing Guohuan Science And Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/16Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts
    • B03C1/18Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts with magnets moving during operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3057Fluid-driven presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G45/00Lubricating, cleaning, or clearing devices
    • B65G45/10Cleaning devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and a use method thereof, wherein the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device comprises: a body; a crush structure disposed on the body. The invention relates to the technical field of solid waste treatment. This energy-concerving and environment-protective type solid waste processing apparatus and application method, through the solid waste processing structure, mainly by crushing structure, sorting structure, derive structure and dodge gate structure and constitute, can carry out crushing treatment to solid waste, wherein through setting up sorting structure, can sort the solid waste after smashing, mainly utilize the magnetic action metallics of the magnetic sheet on the conveyer belt to hold, realize that metallics and non-metallics separate, can reject the adsorbed metallics in magnetic sheet surface and get off the collection through rejecting the piece, and then realized the recycle to metallics, avoid directly falling as waste disposal with metallics, lead to metal resource's waste.

Description

Energy-saving environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and use method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solid waste treatment, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and a using method thereof.
Background
Solid waste refers to solids, semi-solids, and gaseous materials disposed in containers, substances, and laws, administrative regulations that are generated during manufacturing, life, and other activities and discarded or discarded without losing their value, substances, liquid waste that cannot be discharged into water bodies, and gaseous materials disposed in containers that cannot be discharged into the atmosphere. Generally fall under the category of solid waste management systems due to the greater hazard.
When solid waste is treated, the solid waste with large volume is generally crushed to be in a small state by a treatment device, and then the solid waste is extruded to be in a dense block shape by extrusion, however, a large amount of metal substances exist in the solid waste, the metal substances are directly treated as waste by the traditional treatment device, and the metal substances can be recycled for the second time, so that the large amount of metal substances are wasted, and the concept of environmental protection and saving is not met.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and a use method thereof, and solves the problems that a large amount of metal substances are wasted and the concept of environmental protection and saving is not met because the metal substances are treated as waste by the conventional solid waste treatment device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device, comprising:
a body;
a crush structure disposed on the body;
the sorting structure is arranged inside the machine body and comprises a conveyor belt and a fixing piece, a magnetic plate is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt, a removing block is fixedly connected to one side of the fixing piece, a mounting groove is formed in one side of the fixing piece, a cleaning brush is arranged inside the mounting groove, a fixing bolt is connected to one side of the fixing piece in a threaded mode, and one end of the fixing bolt penetrates through the inside of the fixing piece and extends to the inside of the cleaning brush;
the movable groove is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body, and a collecting hopper is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body;
the guiding structure is arranged inside the machine body and comprises a rotating motor and a threaded rotating rod, rotating gears are arranged on the threaded rotating rod at one end of an output shaft of the rotating motor, the two rotating gears are meshed with each other, a movable plate is connected to the surface of the threaded rotating rod in a threaded manner, and a pushing plate is fixedly connected to the top of the movable plate and located inside the collecting hopper;
the guide groove is formed in the right side of the machine body, a groove is formed in the top of the inner surface of the guide groove, a movable door structure is arranged inside the groove, and the movable door structure comprises a movable door, a fixed pulley, a partition plate and a pulling piece.
Furthermore, crushing structure is including rotating motor, first crushing roller and second crushing roller, the one end of rotating motor output shaft with all be provided with the drive wheel in the first crushing roller axis of rotation, two the drive wheel passes through belt transmission and connects.
Further, the conveyer belt sets up between the both sides of organism inner wall, the bottom of mounting with the bottom fixed connection of organism inner wall.
Furthermore, one end of the threaded rotating rod is rotatably connected with one side of the inner surface of the movable groove, and two sides of the movable plate are slidably connected with two sides of the inner surface of the movable groove.
Furthermore, the sliding grooves are formed in the two sides of the inner surface of the groove, pulleys are fixedly connected to the two sides of the movable door, and the outer surfaces of the pulleys are in rolling connection with the inner surfaces of the sliding grooves.
Furthermore, the movable door is arranged inside the groove, the bottom of the movable door is fixedly connected with the positioning block, the top of the movable door is fixedly connected with a steel wire rope, and the other end of the steel wire rope is fixedly connected with one side of the pulling piece.
Further, the partition board is fixedly connected between two sides of the inner surface of the groove, and a cushion pad is arranged at the bottom of the partition board.
Further, the bottom on the right side of the machine body is fixedly connected with a guide plate, the top of the guide plate is provided with a rotating groove, and a rotating roller is rotatably connected between the two sides of the inner surface of the rotating groove.
Further, the inside of organism is provided with hydraulic structure, the top fixedly connected with feeder hopper of organism, the left side fixedly connected with hang plate of organism inner wall, the left side fixedly connected with ash-collecting box of organism.
The use method of the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device comprises the following steps:
s1, when in use, the solid waste to be treated is directly poured into a feed hopper, the solid waste is crushed into tiny matters under the action of a crushing structure and then directly falls on a conveyor belt, the solid waste is transported by the operation of the conveyor belt, when the conveyor belt operates, metal substances are absorbed by a magnetic plate on the surface of the conveyor belt to be separated from nonmetal substances, then the nonmetal substances directly fall into a collecting hopper under the action of gravity along with the continuous operation of the conveyor belt, the metal substances are continuously adsorbed on the surface of the conveyor belt under the action of magnetic force, when the conveyor belt passes through a fixing part, the metal substances absorbed by the conveyor belt can be removed by contacting a removing block with the surface of the conveyor belt, the removed metal substances directly fall at the bottom of the inner wall of a machine body to be collected in a centralized manner, the recycling of the metal substances is realized, and the metal substances are prevented from being directly treated as waste, leading to waste of metal resources;
s2, when the solid waste is filled in the collecting hopper, the solid waste starts to be extruded and formed, the bottom of the solid waste extends towards the inside of the collecting hopper by starting a hydraulic structure, the solid waste is simultaneously extruded to be gradually compressed, after the solid waste is compressed, the solid waste needs to be discharged, at the moment, the movable door needs to be opened, the pull piece is pulled outwards, the steel wire rope can simultaneously pull the movable door to contract towards the inside of the groove, the bottom of the movable door is separated from the bottom of the inner surface of the guide-out groove until the pull piece cannot be continuously pulled outwards, the top and the bottom of the movable door move to the position of the partition plate, the cushion pad at the bottom of the partition plate plays a role in buffering, and at the moment, the guide-out groove is in an open state;
s3, can be through playing the derivation structure this moment, derive solid waste, rotate through rotating the motor, can make two slewing gear rotate simultaneously, and then drive the screw bull stick and can rotate simultaneously, the fly leaf receives movable groove limiting displacement, under the rotation effect of screw bull stick, can be at the inside horizontal migration of movable groove, and then drive the slurcam and can fight inside horizontal migration collecting, the removal through the slurcam can push out inside extrusion' S waste material piece.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and the use method thereof, through the solid waste treatment structure, mainly comprising a crushing structure, a sorting structure, a derivation structure and a movable door structure, the solid waste can be crushed, wherein the crushed solid waste can be sorted by arranging the sorting structure, the crushed solid waste is mainly sucked by the magnetic action metal substances of the magnetic plate on the conveyor belt, the separation of the metal substances and the nonmetal substances is realized, the metal substances adsorbed on the surface of the magnetic plate can be rejected and collected by the rejection block, the metal substances can be recycled, the metal substances are prevented from being directly treated as the waste, the waste of metal resources is caused, through arranging the derivation structure, the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device is mainly used for pushing out the waste blocks extruded and formed in the collection hopper, manual pulling is not needed, the manpower is greatly saved, and the workload of workers is reduced, the operation time is greatly saved, and the working efficiency is further improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the external structure of an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the top of the conveyor shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of section A shown in FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion B shown in fig. 2.
In the figure: 1-machine body, 2-crushing structure, 21-rotating motor, 22-first crushing roller, 23-second crushing roller, 24-driving wheel, 3-sorting structure, 31-conveying belt, 32-fixing piece, 33-magnetic plate, 34-removing block, 35-mounting groove, 36-cleaning brush, 37-fixing bolt, 4-movable groove, 5-collecting hopper, 6-leading-out structure, 61-rotating motor, 62-threaded rotating rod, 63-rotating gear, 64-movable plate, 65-pushing plate, 7-leading-out groove, 8-groove, 9-movable door structure, 91-movable door, 92-fixed pulley, 93-partition plate, 94-pulling piece, 95-pulley, 96-positioning block, 97-steel wire rope, 98-buffer pad, 10-sliding chute, 11-guide plate, 12-rotating chute, 13-rotating roller, 14-hydraulic structure, 15-feed hopper, 16-inclined plate and 17-ash collecting box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device, comprising:
a machine body 1;
the crushing structure 2 is arranged on the machine body 1;
the sorting structure 3 is arranged inside the machine body 1, the sorting structure 3 comprises a conveyor belt 31 and a fixing piece 32, a magnetic plate 33 is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt 31, a removing block 34 is fixedly connected to one side of the fixing piece 32, an installation groove 35 is formed in one side of the fixing piece 32, a cleaning brush 36 is arranged inside the installation groove 35, a fixing bolt 37 is connected to one side of the fixing piece 32 in a threaded manner, and one end of the fixing bolt 37 penetrates through the inside of the fixing piece 32 and extends into the cleaning brush 36;
the movable groove 4 is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1, and a collecting hopper 5 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1;
the guiding structure 6 is arranged inside the machine body 1, the guiding structure 6 comprises a rotating motor 61 and a threaded rotating rod 62, one end of an output shaft of the rotating motor 61 is provided with a rotating gear 63 on the threaded rotating rod 62, the two rotating gears 63 are meshed with each other, the surface of the threaded rotating rod 62 is in threaded connection with a movable plate 64, and the top of the movable plate 64 is fixedly connected with a pushing plate 65 positioned inside the collecting hopper 5;
the guide groove 7 is formed in the right side of the machine body 1, a groove 8 is formed in the top of the inner surface of the guide groove 7, a movable door structure 9 is arranged inside the groove 8, and the movable door structure 9 comprises a movable door 91, a fixed pulley 92, a partition plate 93 and a pulling piece 94.
The conveyor belt 31 is arranged between two sides of the inner wall of the machine body 1 and is just positioned under the crushing structure 2, the solid waste is crushed by the crushing structure 2, the crushed fragments directly fall on the conveyor belt 31 and are transported by the conveyor belt 31, the magnetic plate 33 is uniformly adhered to the surface of the conveyor belt 31 and keeps the same plane with the surface of the conveyor belt 31, when the solid waste is transported, metal substances in the fragments are absorbed by the magnetism of the magnetic plate 33, the fixing piece 32 is positioned at the bottom position of the conveyor belt 31, the top of the eliminating block 34 is adhered to the surface of the conveyor belt 31, when the conveyor belt 31 runs, the metal substances adsorbed on the surface of the magnetic plate 33 can be eliminated by the eliminating block 34, one side of the cleaning brush 36 is provided with a thread groove matched with the fixing bolt 37, and the fixing bolt 37 is connected with the thread groove in a thread manner, so that the cleaning brush 36 can be stably arranged on the fixing piece 32, meanwhile, the cleaning brush 36 is convenient to replace;
through the arrangement of the sorting structure 3, the crushed solid waste can be sorted, mainly by utilizing the magnetic action of the magnetic plate 33 on the conveyor belt 31, when the conveyor belt 31 runs, the magnetic plate 33 on the surface sucks metal substances to separate the metal substances from nonmetal substances, then the conveyor belt 31 runs, the nonmetal substances directly fall into the collecting hopper 5 under the action of gravity, the metal substances are continuously adsorbed on the surface of the conveyor belt 31 under the action of the magnetic force, when the conveyor belt passes through the position of the fixing part 32, the metal substances adsorbed by the conveyor belt 31 can be removed through the contact of the removing block 34 and the surface of the conveyor belt 31, the removed metal substances directly fall on the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1 to be collected in a concentrated manner, the recycling of the metal substances is further realized, the waste caused by directly treating the metal substances as waste is avoided, the surface of the conveyor belt 31 can be cleaned by arranging the cleaning brush 36, so that dust on the surface of the conveyor belt 31 is cleaned, and the situation that excessive dust is accumulated on the surface of the conveyor belt 31 and the magnetic action of the magnetic plate 33 is weakened is avoided;
the movable groove 4 is positioned below the bottom of the collecting hopper 5, and the collecting hopper 5 is used for collecting crushed non-metallic substances;
the rotating motor 61 is externally connected with a power supply and is a positive and negative rotating motor, one rotating gear 63 is fixedly connected with the outer surface of the threaded rotating rod 62, the other rotating gear 63 is fixedly connected with the output end of the rotating motor 61, two rotating gears 63 can simultaneously rotate through the rotation of the rotating motor 61, so as to drive the threaded rotating rod 62 to simultaneously rotate, a thread groove matched with the threaded rotating rod 62 is arranged inside the movable plate 64, the movable plate 64 is limited by the movable groove 4, can horizontally move inside the movable groove 4 under the rotation action of the threaded rotating rod 62, so as to drive the pushing plate 65 to horizontally move inside the collecting hopper 5, the waste blocks extruded and formed inside the collecting hopper 5 can be pushed out through the movement of the pushing plate 65, and the pushing structure 6 is mainly used for pushing out the waste blocks extruded and formed inside the collecting hopper 5 without manual pulling, the labor is greatly saved, the workload of workers is reduced, the operation time is greatly saved, and the working efficiency is further improved;
the waste block is discharged out of the machine body 1 through the guide groove 7, and the movable door structure 9 is used for controlling the interior of the machine body 1 to be in a sealed state or an opened state.
The crushing structure 2 comprises a rotating motor 21, a first crushing roller 22 and a second crushing roller 23, transmission wheels 24 are arranged on one end of an output shaft of the rotating motor 21 and the rotating shaft of the first crushing roller 22, and the transmission wheels 24 are in transmission connection through a belt.
First crushing roller 22 and second crushing roller 23 rotate to be connected between the both sides of organism 1 inner wall, have all cup jointed the gear in first crushing roller 22 and the rotation axis of second crushing roller 23, and two gear intermeshing rotate through rotating motor 21, can make first crushing roller 22 rotate, and then make second crushing roller 23 rotate simultaneously, utilize two crushing rollers to rotate simultaneously, smash solid waste.
The conveyor belt 31 is arranged between two sides of the inner wall of the machine body 1, and the bottom of the fixing piece 32 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1.
The conveyor belt 31 is connected to an electric power device inside the machine body 1, and can be continuously operated after being energized to transport the crushed solid waste.
One end of the threaded rotating rod 62 is rotatably connected with one side of the inner surface of the movable groove 4, and two sides of the movable plate 64 are slidably connected with two sides of the inner surface of the movable groove 4.
The movable plate 64 is located inside the movable slot 4, and the rotation of the threaded rotating rod 62 can drive the movable plate 64 to move horizontally inside the movable slot 4.
The both sides of recess 8 internal surface have all been seted up spout 10, the equal fixedly connected with pulley 95 in both sides of dodge gate 91, the surface of pulley 95 with the internal surface roll connection of spout 10.
The spout 10 and the adaptation of pulley 95 are through both cooperations rolls for the dodge gate 91 can be at the inside stable activity of recess 8, and the dodge gate 91 is used for sealed derivation groove 7, and when the inside solid waste of 5 was fought in the extrusion collection, the dodge gate 91 need keep sealed state.
The movable door 91 is arranged inside the groove 8, the bottom of the movable door 91 is fixedly connected with a positioning block 96, the top of the movable door 91 is fixedly connected with a steel wire rope 97, and the other end of the steel wire rope 97 is fixedly connected with one side of the pulling piece 94.
The movable door 91 is matched with the groove 8 and can freely move up and down in the groove 8, the bottom of the inner surface of the guide groove 7 is provided with a positioning groove matched with the positioning block 96, the movable door 91 is kept in a stable state when being sealed through matching and clamping of the positioning groove and the positioning groove, the steel wire rope 97 passes through the fixed pulley 92 and extends from the inside of the groove 8 to the outside of the machine body 1, and is finally fixedly connected with one side of the pulling piece 94, the fixed pulley 92 is fixedly connected with the top of the inner surface of the groove 8, when the movable door 91 needs to be opened, the pulling piece 94 is pulled outwards, the steel wire rope 97 can simultaneously pull the movable door 91 to contract towards the inside of the groove 8, so that the bottom of the movable door 91 is separated from the bottom of the inner surface of the guide groove 7 until the pulling piece 94 can not be pulled outwards continuously, at the moment, the top and the bottom of the movable, at this moment, the leading-out groove 7 is in an open state, the waste inside can be led out through the leading-out structure 6, the movable door structure 9 is arranged to be matched with the leading-out structure 6 for use, when the solid waste which is extruded inside the collecting hopper 5 needs to be led out, the movable door 91 can be opened through manually pulling the pulling piece 94, and the operation is convenient and labor-saving.
The partition 93 is fixedly connected between two sides of the inner surface of the groove 8, and a cushion 98 is arranged at the bottom of the partition 93.
Baffle 93 plays limiting displacement to dodge gate 91, and the top of dodge gate 91 removes to baffle 93 bottom position and just in time makes derivation groove 7 be in the state of opening completely, and blotter 98 is the rubber material, can play certain buffering guard action to the top of dodge gate 91.
The bottom on the right side of the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with a guide-out plate 11, the top of the guide-out plate 11 is provided with a rotating groove 12, and a rotating roller 13 is rotatably connected between two sides of the inner surface of the rotating groove 12.
After the solid waste block is led out by organism 1 is inside, move about to on the guide-out board 11, because guide-out board 11 is the tilt state to under the rolling effect of the rotation cylinder 13 on it, can the solid waste block carry fast, save the manual work and carry, it is very convenient to use.
The inside of organism 1 is provided with hydraulic structure 14, the top fixedly connected with feeder hopper 15 of organism 1, the left side fixedly connected with hang plate 16 of organism 1 inner wall, the left side fixedly connected with ash-collecting box 17 of organism 1.
The hydraulic structure 14 is located right above the collecting hopper 5, can extrude the solid waste inside the collecting hopper 5, compresses the volume of the solid waste, facilitates subsequent carrying, and the inclined plate 16 is used for guiding out the dust swept by the sweeping brush 36 to the dust collecting box 17.
The use method of the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device comprises the following steps:
s1, when in use, the solid waste to be treated is directly poured into the feed hopper 15, the solid waste is crushed into small and random parts under the action of the crushing structure 2 and then directly falls on the conveyor belt 31, the solid waste is transported through the operation of the conveyor belt 31, when the conveyor belt 31 operates, the metal substances are absorbed by the magnetic plate 33 on the surface of the solid waste to be separated from the nonmetal substances, then along with the continuous operation of the conveyor belt 31, the nonmetal substances directly fall into the collecting hopper 5 under the action of gravity, the metal substances are continuously adsorbed on the surface of the conveyor belt 31 under the action of magnetic force, when the solid waste passes through the position of the fixing piece 32, the metal substances adsorbed by the conveyor belt 31 can be removed through the contact of the removing block 34 and the surface of the conveyor belt 31, the removed metal substances are directly fallen and collected at the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1, and the recycling of the metal substances is further realized, the waste of metal resources caused by directly treating metal substances as wastes is avoided;
s2, when the solid waste fills the inside of the collecting hopper 5, the solid waste starts to be extruded and formed, the hydraulic structure 14 is started to enable the bottom of the hydraulic structure to extend towards the inside of the collecting hopper 5 and simultaneously extrude the solid waste so that the solid waste is gradually compressed, after the solid waste is compressed, the solid waste needs to be discharged, at the moment, the movable door needs to be opened, the pull piece 94 is pulled outwards, the steel wire rope 97 can simultaneously pull the movable door 91 to contract towards the inside of the groove 8, the bottom of the movable door 91 is separated from the bottom of the inner surface of the guiding-out groove 7 until the pull piece 94 cannot be pulled outwards continuously, at the moment, the top and the bottom of the movable door 91 move to the position of the partition plate 93, the cushion pad 98 at the bottom of the partition plate 93 plays a role in buffering, and at the moment, the;
s3, can be through playing to derive structure 6 this moment, derive solid waste, rotate through rotating motor 61, can make two rotating gear 63 rotate simultaneously, and then drive screw bull stick 62 and can rotate simultaneously, fly leaf 64 receives activity groove 4 limiting displacement, under the rotation effect of screw bull stick 62, can be at the inside horizontal migration of activity groove 4, and then drive catch plate 65 can be at the inside horizontal migration of collection fill 5, the removal through catch plate 65 can push out inside extrusion' S waste material piece.
The working principle is as follows:
s1, when in use, the solid waste to be treated is directly poured into the feed hopper 15, the solid waste is crushed into small and random parts under the action of the crushing structure 2 and then directly falls on the conveyor belt 31, the solid waste is transported through the operation of the conveyor belt 31, when the conveyor belt 31 operates, the metal substances are absorbed by the magnetic plate 33 on the surface of the solid waste to be separated from the nonmetal substances, then along with the continuous operation of the conveyor belt 31, the nonmetal substances directly fall into the collecting hopper 5 under the action of gravity, the metal substances are continuously adsorbed on the surface of the conveyor belt 31 under the action of magnetic force, when the solid waste passes through the position of the fixing piece 32, the metal substances adsorbed by the conveyor belt 31 can be removed through the contact of the removing block 34 and the surface of the conveyor belt 31, the removed metal substances are directly fallen and collected at the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body 1, and the recycling of the metal substances is further realized, the waste of metal resources caused by directly treating metal substances as wastes is avoided;
s2, when the solid waste fills the inside of the collecting hopper 5, the solid waste starts to be extruded and formed, the hydraulic structure 14 is started to enable the bottom of the hydraulic structure to extend towards the inside of the collecting hopper 5 and simultaneously extrude the solid waste so that the solid waste is gradually compressed, after the solid waste is compressed, the solid waste needs to be discharged, at the moment, the movable door needs to be opened, the pull piece 94 is pulled outwards, the steel wire rope 97 can simultaneously pull the movable door 91 to contract towards the inside of the groove 8, the bottom of the movable door 91 is separated from the bottom of the inner surface of the guiding-out groove 7 until the pull piece 94 cannot be pulled outwards continuously, at the moment, the top and the bottom of the movable door 91 move to the position of the partition plate 93, the cushion pad 98 at the bottom of the partition plate 93 plays a role in buffering, and at the moment, the;
s3, can be through playing to derive structure 6 this moment, derive solid waste, rotate through rotating motor 61, can make two rotating gear 63 rotate simultaneously, and then drive screw bull stick 62 and can rotate simultaneously, fly leaf 64 receives activity groove 4 limiting displacement, under the rotation effect of screw bull stick 62, can be at the inside horizontal migration of activity groove 4, and then drive catch plate 65 can be at the inside horizontal migration of collection fill 5, the removal through catch plate 65 can push out inside extrusion' S waste material piece.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. An energy-saving environment-friendly solid waste treatment device is characterized by comprising:
a body;
a crush structure disposed on the body;
the sorting structure is arranged inside the machine body and comprises a conveyor belt and a fixing piece, a magnetic plate is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt, a removing block is fixedly connected to one side of the fixing piece, a mounting groove is formed in one side of the fixing piece, a cleaning brush is arranged inside the mounting groove, a fixing bolt is connected to one side of the fixing piece in a threaded mode, and one end of the fixing bolt penetrates through the inside of the fixing piece and extends to the inside of the cleaning brush;
the movable groove is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body, and a collecting hopper is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner wall of the machine body;
the guiding structure is arranged inside the machine body and comprises a rotating motor and a threaded rotating rod, rotating gears are arranged on the threaded rotating rod at one end of an output shaft of the rotating motor, the two rotating gears are meshed with each other, a movable plate is connected to the surface of the threaded rotating rod in a threaded manner, and a pushing plate is fixedly connected to the top of the movable plate and located inside the collecting hopper;
the guide groove is formed in the right side of the machine body, a groove is formed in the top of the inner surface of the guide groove, a movable door structure is arranged inside the groove, and the movable door structure comprises a movable door, a fixed pulley, a partition plate and a pulling piece.
2. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the crushing structure comprises a rotating motor, a first crushing roller and a second crushing roller, wherein transmission wheels are arranged at one end of an output shaft of the rotating motor and on a rotating shaft of the first crushing roller, and the transmission wheels are connected through a belt in a transmission mode.
3. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the conveyer belt sets up between the both sides of organism inner wall, the bottom of mounting with the bottom fixed connection of organism inner wall.
4. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: one end of the threaded rotating rod is rotatably connected with one side of the inner surface of the movable groove, and two sides of the movable plate are slidably connected with two sides of the inner surface of the movable groove.
5. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the groove is characterized in that sliding grooves are formed in the two sides of the inner surface of the groove, pulleys are fixedly connected to the two sides of the movable door, and the outer surfaces of the pulleys are in rolling connection with the inner surfaces of the sliding grooves.
6. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the movable door is arranged inside the groove, the bottom of the movable door is fixedly connected with the positioning block, the top of the movable door is fixedly connected with a steel wire rope, and the other end of the steel wire rope is fixedly connected with one side of the pulling piece.
7. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the baffle is fixedly connected between two sides of the inner surface of the groove, and a cushion pad is arranged at the bottom of the baffle.
8. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom fixedly connected with of organism right side exports the board, the rotation groove has been seted up at the top of exporting the board, it rotates to be connected with between the both sides of rotation inslot surface and rotates the cylinder.
9. The energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the inside of organism is provided with hydraulic structure, the top fixedly connected with feeder hopper of organism, the left side fixedly connected with hang plate of organism inner wall, the left side fixedly connected with ash-collecting box of organism.
10. The use method of the energy-saving and environment-friendly solid waste treatment device comprises the following steps:
s1, when in use, the solid waste to be treated is directly poured into a feed hopper, the solid waste is crushed into tiny matters under the action of a crushing structure and then directly falls on a conveyor belt, the solid waste is transported by the operation of the conveyor belt, when the conveyor belt operates, metal substances are absorbed by a magnetic plate on the surface of the conveyor belt to be separated from nonmetal substances, then the nonmetal substances directly fall into a collecting hopper under the action of gravity along with the continuous operation of the conveyor belt, the metal substances are continuously adsorbed on the surface of the conveyor belt under the action of magnetic force, when the conveyor belt passes through a fixing part, the metal substances absorbed by the conveyor belt can be removed by contacting a removing block with the surface of the conveyor belt, the removed metal substances directly fall at the bottom of the inner wall of a machine body to be collected in a centralized manner, the recycling of the metal substances is realized, and the metal substances are prevented from being directly treated as waste, leading to waste of metal resources;
s2, when the solid waste is filled in the collecting hopper, the solid waste starts to be extruded and formed, the bottom of the solid waste extends towards the inside of the collecting hopper by starting a hydraulic structure, the solid waste is simultaneously extruded to be gradually compressed, after the solid waste is compressed, the solid waste needs to be discharged, at the moment, the movable door needs to be opened, the pull piece is pulled outwards, the steel wire rope can simultaneously pull the movable door to contract towards the inside of the groove, the bottom of the movable door is separated from the bottom of the inner surface of the guide-out groove until the pull piece cannot be continuously pulled outwards, the top and the bottom of the movable door move to the position of the partition plate, the cushion pad at the bottom of the partition plate plays a role in buffering, and at the moment, the guide-out groove is in an open state;
s3, can be through playing the derivation structure this moment, derive solid waste, rotate through rotating the motor, can make two slewing gear rotate simultaneously, and then drive the screw bull stick and can rotate simultaneously, the fly leaf receives movable groove limiting displacement, under the rotation effect of screw bull stick, can be at the inside horizontal migration of movable groove, and then drive the slurcam and can fight inside horizontal migration collecting, the removal through the slurcam can push out inside extrusion' S waste material piece.
CN202010556657.1A 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Energy-saving environment-friendly solid waste treatment device and use method Active CN111659709B (en)

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CN112658014A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-16 福建琰衡实业有限公司 Large-scale rubbish crushing apparatus in gardens
CN112718199A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-30 雷帅 Reducing mechanism is used in solid waste handles
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