CN111605063A - Energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and treatment method - Google Patents

Energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111605063A
CN111605063A CN202010548774.3A CN202010548774A CN111605063A CN 111605063 A CN111605063 A CN 111605063A CN 202010548774 A CN202010548774 A CN 202010548774A CN 111605063 A CN111605063 A CN 111605063A
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
drainage
stirring
water
water injection
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CN202010548774.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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潘帅
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010548774.3A priority Critical patent/CN111605063A/en
Publication of CN111605063A publication Critical patent/CN111605063A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant ; Industrial outlines or plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/40Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy with more than one means for adding fluid to the material being crushed or disintegrated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/24Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for curing, setting or hardening
    • B28B11/243Setting, e.g. drying, dehydrating or firing ceramic articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/0063Control arrangements
    • B28B17/0081Process control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/04Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and a treatment method, wherein an upper cover is arranged at the top of a shell, an inclined feeding port is arranged on the upper cover, a water injection pipe is arranged on a water injection support and is provided with a plurality of groups of water injection nozzles, a crushing driven wheel and a crushing driving wheel can rotate in the shell, a stirring chamber is arranged below a gap between the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel, a stirring paddle is arranged in the stirring chamber, a drainage bin is arranged below the stirring chamber, a control bin is arranged on the left side of the stirring chamber, a hydraulic cylinder can drive and control a closed valve plate to move transversely, a drainage port is formed in the right side of the bottom wall of the drainage bin, a turnover plate is arranged on the left side of the bottom wall of the drainage bin, a drainage. The invention can effectively utilize the wastes for brick making, save energy and realize the resource utilization of the construction wastes. The invention is suitable for wide application in building garbage treatment.

Description

Energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and treatment method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction waste treatment, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly construction waste brick making device and a treatment method.
Background
The construction waste refers to dregs, stones, lime, cement and the like generated in the process of new construction or demolition. At present, most construction wastes are not treated at all and are transported to suburbs or villages by construction units to be stacked or buried in the open air, so that a large amount of construction expenses such as land charge for collection, garbage clearing and transporting cost and the like are consumed, and meanwhile, the problems of scattering, dust, sand flying and the like in the clearing and stacking processes cause serious environmental pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing an energy-saving and environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and a treatment method, which can solve the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
an energy-saving and environment-friendly building garbage brick making device comprises a shell, a water injection and dust suppression system, a crushing system, a stirring mechanism, a valve plate mechanism and a drainage mechanism, wherein an upper cover is installed at the top of the shell, an inclined feeding port is formed in the upper cover, the water injection and dust suppression system comprises a water injection pipe extending into the shell, a water injection support fixedly connected with the upper cover and a water supply pipe capable of supplying water to the water injection pipe, the water injection pipe is installed on the water injection support and provided with a plurality of groups of water injection nozzles, the water supply pipe is respectively connected with a first water supply pipe and a second water supply pipe, the first water supply pipe is connected with an external water source, the crushing system is arranged below the water injection pipe and comprises a crushing driven wheel, a crushing driving motor, a driving belt wheel and a belt, the crushing driven wheel is connected with the inner, the crushing driving wheel is connected with the inner wall of the shell through a crushing driving wheel shaft and can rotate in the shell, an driving wheel belt wheel is arranged on the crushing driving wheel, the driving wheel belt wheel is connected with the driving wheel belt through a belt, the driving wheel belt is connected with the crushing driving motor, the stirring mechanism comprises a stirring motor and a stirring paddle, a stirring chamber is arranged below a gap between the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel, the stirring paddle is arranged in the stirring chamber, the right end of the stirring paddle penetrates through the right side wall of the stirring chamber and then is connected with the stirring motor, a drainage bin is arranged below the stirring chamber, a control bin is arranged on the left side of the stirring chamber, the valve plate mechanism comprises a hydraulic cylinder and a closed valve plate, the hydraulic cylinder is arranged in the control bin, one end of the closed valve plate is connected with the hydraulic cylinder, and the other end of the closed valve, the closed valve plate is located on the lower side of the stirring paddle, the hydraulic cylinder can drive and control the closed valve plate to move transversely to achieve opening and closing of the bottom of the stirring chamber, a plurality of groups of water outlets are formed in the right side of the bottom wall of the drainage bin, a turnover plate capable of opening and closing is arranged on the left side of the bottom wall of the drainage bin, the drainage mechanism comprises a drainage cylinder and a drainage pressing plate, the drainage pressing plate is arranged in the drainage bin, the right end of the drainage pressing plate is connected with the drainage cylinder, the drainage cylinder can drive the drainage pressing plate to move transversely in the drainage bin, a drying bin is arranged below the turnover plate, a brick outlet is arranged on the left side of the drying bin, a drying heating wire is arranged inside the drying bin, a water storage bin is arranged below the.
As limiting, the drying device further comprises an output transmission mechanism, the output transmission mechanism is arranged in the drying bin and comprises an output transmission support, transmission belt wheels, a transmission belt and a transmission driving motor, a plurality of groups of transmission belt wheels are arranged on the output transmission support, the transmission belt wheels can rotate on the output transmission support, the transmission belt wheels are externally provided with the transmission belt, and the transmission belt wheel on the rightmost side is connected with the transmission driving motor.
As another limitation, a rotating shaft is arranged on the left side of the turnover plate, and the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by a turnover motor.
As another limitation, the crushing system further comprises a left removing hand and a right removing hand, wherein the left removing hand and the right removing hand are fixedly connected with the shell, and the left removing hand and the right removing hand are respectively matched with the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel below to remove materials adhered to the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel.
As another limitation, two sides of the outer part of the crushing driving wheel are provided with matching outer rings, and the crushing driven wheel is placed between the two matching outer rings in a use state so as to prevent splashing.
As another limitation, the water injection pipe is in a shape of a square, and the periphery of the water injection pipe is positioned outside the section of the inclined feeding port, so that materials are prevented from being smashed on the water injection pipe.
As another limitation, a sludge outlet is arranged at the lower part of the water storage bin.
As a limitation, the drying and drying device further comprises a controller, wherein the controller is arranged in the control bin and is respectively connected with the drying heating wire, the crushing driving motor, the stirring motor, the hydraulic cylinder, the drainage cylinder and the water supply pump.
As another definition, the controller is provided with a control panel.
A treatment method of an energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste brick making device is applied, and comprises the following steps:
s1, crushing: injecting materials from the inclined feeding port, injecting water through a water supply pipe II and a water injection pipe after a water supply pump is operated, injecting the materials through the water supply pipe I when the water in the water storage bin is insufficient, then driving a crushing driving wheel to operate by a crushing driving motor, crushing the materials between the crushing driving wheel and a crushing driven wheel, and then dropping the materials into the stirring chamber;
s2, mixing and stirring: the stirring motor rotates to drive the stirring paddle to fully stir the materials in the stirring chamber, the hydraulic cylinder controls the closed valve plate to move leftwards after stirring is completed, the materials flow into the drainage bin through the bottom channel of the stirring chamber, the closed valve plate moves rightwards after the materials flow out, and the bottom channel of the stirring chamber is closed;
s3, draining: the water in the material flows into the water storage bin from the water outlet;
s4, compacting: the drainage air cylinder pushes the drainage pressing plate to move leftwards to press materials into bricks, the turnover plate rotates downwards to realize opening, the bricks fall down, the rear turnover plate rotates upwards to realize closing, and meanwhile the drainage air cylinder drives the drainage pressing plate to move rightwards;
s5, baking: the brick blocks are dried under the action of the drying heating wires in the drying bin, and the dried brick blocks flow out from the brick block outlets to finish brick making.
Due to the adoption of the design, compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical progress that:
(1) the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device is provided with the water injection dust suppression system, and the water injection dust suppression system is arranged above the crushing system, so that water drops can be sprayed, an effective dust suppression effect is achieved, meanwhile, water injection operation can be completed, the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel can be cleaned, multiple purposes are achieved, and the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device is more energy-saving and environment-friendly;
(2) according to the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device, the matched outer rings are arranged on the two sides of the outer part of the crushing driving wheel, and the crushing driven wheel is placed between the two matched outer rings in a use state, so that a splashing path of a material in a crushing process can be effectively blocked by the matched outer rings, and splashing is prevented;
(3) according to the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device, the left removing hand and the right removing hand are arranged, so that materials adhered to the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel can be removed in the working process, and the influence on the crushing efficiency due to the adhesion of the materials on the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel is avoided;
(4) when the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device is used, firstly, materials are injected from the inclined plane feeding port, water is injected through the water supply pipe II and the water injection pipe after the water supply pump is operated, the materials are injected through the water supply pipe I when the water in the water storage bin is insufficient, then the crushing driving motor drives the crushing driving wheel to operate, and the materials are crushed between the crushing driving wheel and the crushing driven wheel and then fall into the stirring chamber; the stirring motor rotates to drive the stirring paddle to fully stir the materials in the stirring chamber, the hydraulic cylinder controls the closed valve plate to move leftwards after stirring is completed, the materials flow into the drainage bin through the bottom channel of the stirring chamber, the closed valve plate moves rightwards after the materials flow out, and the bottom channel of the stirring chamber is closed; moisture in the material flows into the water storage bin from the water outlet, then the drainage air cylinder pushes the drainage pressing plate to move leftwards to press the material into bricks, the turnover plate rotates downwards to realize opening, the bricks fall down, the rear turnover plate rotates upwards to realize closing, and meanwhile the drainage air cylinder drives the drainage pressing plate to move rightwards; the brick blocks are dried under the action of the drying heating wires in the drying bin, and the dried brick blocks flow out from the brick block outlets to finish brick making.
In conclusion, the water injection dust suppression system, the crushing system, the stirring mechanism, the valve plate mechanism and the drainage mechanism are arranged, so that brick making utilization of wastes can be effectively realized, energy is saved, and resource utilization of construction wastes is realized. The invention is suitable for wide application in building garbage treatment.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste brick making device in embodiment 1 of the invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a mating outer ring according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a flowchart of a processing method of the energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste brick making device in embodiment 2 of the invention.
In the figure: 1. a housing; 11. an upper cover; 111. a slant feeding port; 12. a stirring chamber; 121. removing the hand from the left; 122. right hand removal; 13. a drainage bin; 131. a water outlet; 132. a turnover plate; 133. a rotating shaft; 134. turning over a motor; 14. a control cabin; 15. a drying bin; 151. a brick outlet; 16. a water storage bin; 161. a sludge outlet; 2. a water injection dust suppression system; 21. a water injection pipe; 211. a water injection nozzle; 22. a water injection support; 23. a water supply pipe; 231. a water supply pipe I; 232. a second water supply pipe; 24. a water supply pump; 3. a crushing system; 31. crushing the driven wheel; 311. crushing a driven wheel shaft; 32. a crushing driving wheel; 321. crushing the driving wheel shaft; 322. a driving pulley; 323. matching the outer ring; 33. a crushing drive motor; 331. a drive pulley; 34. a belt; 4. a stirring mechanism; 41. a stirring motor; 42. a stirring paddle; 5. a valve plate mechanism; 51. a hydraulic cylinder; 52. closing the valve plate; 6. a drainage mechanism; 61. a water discharge cylinder; 62. a drainage pressing plate; 7. drying the heating wires; 8. an output transmission mechanism; 81. an output drive support; 82. a drive pulley; 83. a conveyor belt; 84. a transmission drive motor; 9. and a controller.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated below with reference to the figures and examples. In the following detailed description, certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described by way of illustration only. Needless to say, a person skilled in the art realizes that the described embodiments can be modified in various different ways without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are illustrative in nature and not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the energy-saving and environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to embodiment 1 comprises a housing 1, a water injection dust suppression system 2, a crushing system 3, a stirring mechanism 4, a valve plate mechanism 5 and a drainage mechanism 6, wherein an upper cover 11 is installed on the top of the housing 1, the upper cover 11 is provided with an inclined feeding port 111, the water injection dust suppression system 2 comprises a water injection pipe 21 extending into the housing 1, a water injection support 22 fixedly connected with the upper cover 11 and a water supply pipe 23 capable of supplying water to the water injection pipe 21, the water injection pipe 21 is installed on the water injection support 22 and provided with a plurality of groups of water injection nozzles 211, the water supply pipe 23 is respectively connected with a first water supply pipe 231 and a second water supply pipe 232, the first water supply pipe 231 is connected with an external water source, the crushing system 3 is arranged below the water injection pipe 21 and comprises a crushing driven wheel 31, a crushing driving, Broken driving motor 33, driving pulley 331 and belt 34, broken driven wheel 31 through broken driven wheel axle 311 with casing 1 wall connection and can be in casing 1 internal rotation, broken action wheel 32 through broken action wheel axle 321 with casing 1 wall connection and can be in casing 1 internal rotation, be equipped with action wheel band wheel 322 on the broken action wheel 32, action wheel band wheel 322 passes through belt 34 with driving pulley 331 is connected, driving pulley 331 with broken driving motor 33 is connected, rabbling mechanism 4 includes agitator motor 41 and stirring rake 42, broken driven wheel 31 with the below in clearance between the broken action wheel 32 is provided with agitator chamber 12, be provided with in the agitator chamber 12 agitator rake 42, stirring rake 42 right-hand member passes be connected with behind the agitator chamber 12 right side wall agitator motor 41, a drainage bin 13 is arranged below the stirring chamber 12, a control bin 14 is arranged on the left side of the stirring chamber 12, the valve plate mechanism 5 comprises a hydraulic cylinder 51 and a closed valve plate 52, the hydraulic cylinder 51 is arranged in the control bin 14, one end of the closed valve plate 52 is connected with the hydraulic cylinder 51, the other end of the closed valve plate passes through the left side wall of the stirring chamber 12 and then extends into the stirring chamber 12, the closed valve plate 52 is positioned on the lower side of the stirring paddle 42, the hydraulic cylinder 51 can drive and control the closed valve plate 52 to move transversely to realize the opening and closing of the bottom of the stirring chamber 12, a plurality of groups of drainage ports 131 are formed in the right side of the bottom wall of the drainage bin 13, a folding turnover plate 132 capable of being opened and closed is arranged on the left side of the bottom wall, the drainage mechanism 6 comprises a drainage cylinder 61 and a drainage pressing plate 62, the drainage, the drainage cylinder 61 can drive the drainage pressing plate 62 to move transversely in the drainage bin 13, the drying bin 15 is arranged below the turnover plate 132, a brick outlet 151 is arranged on the left side of the drying bin 15, a drying heating wire 7 is arranged in the drying bin, a water storage bin 16 is arranged below the water outlet 131, and the lower end part of the water supply pipe two 232 is inserted into the water storage bin 16 and is provided with a water supply pump 24.
Wherein, press down dirt system 2 through setting up the water injection, and the water injection presses down dirt system 2 and sets up in broken system 3 top, can spray the water droplet, plays effectual dirt effect that presses down, can accomplish the water injection operation simultaneously, can also wash from driving wheel 31 and broken action wheel 32 to the breakage, kill many birds with one stone, more energy-concerving and environment-protective.
When the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device in the embodiment 1 is used, firstly, materials are injected from the inclined feeding port 111, the water supply pump 24 is operated to inject water through the water supply pipe II 232 and the water injection pipe 21, when the water in the water storage bin 16 is insufficient, the water is injected through the water supply pipe I231, then the crushing driving motor 33 drives the crushing driving wheel 32 to operate, and the materials are crushed between the crushing driving wheel 32 and the crushing driven wheel 31 and then fall into the stirring chamber 12; the stirring motor 41 rotates to drive the stirring paddle 42 to fully stir the materials in the stirring chamber 12, the hydraulic cylinder 51 controls the closed valve plate 52 to move leftwards after stirring is completed, the materials flow into the drainage bin 13 through a channel at the bottom of the stirring chamber 12, the closed valve plate 52 moves rightwards after the stirring is completed, and the channel at the bottom of the stirring chamber 12 is closed; moisture in the material flows into the water storage bin 16 from the water outlet 131, then the drainage air cylinder 61 pushes the drainage pressing plate 62 to move leftwards to press the material into bricks, the turnover plate 132 rotates downwards to open, the bricks fall down, the rear turnover plate 132 rotates upwards to close, and meanwhile the drainage air cylinder 61 drives the drainage pressing plate 62 to move rightwards; the bricks are dried under the action of the drying heating wires 7 in the drying bin 15, and the dried bricks flow out from the brick outlet 151 to finish brick making.
In this embodiment 1, it still includes output drive mechanism 8, output drive mechanism 8 sets up in drying the storehouse 15, output drive mechanism 8 includes output transmission support 81, driving pulley 82, conveyer belt 83 and transmission driving motor 84, be equipped with a plurality of groups on the output transmission support 81 driving pulley 82 just driving pulley 82 can rotate on the output transmission support 81, driving pulley 82 is equipped with outward driving belt 83, the rightmost side driving pulley 82 with transmission driving motor 84 is connected.
At this time, by providing the output transmission mechanism 8, the conveyor belt 83 can send out the bricks falling through the turnover plate 132 from the brick outlet 151, which is convenient to use.
In the embodiment 1, a rotation shaft 133 is provided on the left side of the flipping panel 132, and the rotation shaft 133 is driven to rotate by a flipping motor 134.
In this embodiment 1, the crushing system 3 further includes a left removing hand 121 and a right removing hand 122, the left removing hand 121 and the right removing hand 122 are both fixedly connected to the housing 1, the left removing hand 121 and the right removing hand 122 are respectively matched with the crushing driven wheel 31 and the crushing driving wheel 32 below to remove the materials adhered to the crushing driven wheel 31 and the crushing driving wheel 32.
Like this, reject hand 121 and reject hand 122 through setting up the left side, can reject the material of adhesion on broken driven wheel 31 and broken action wheel 32 in the course of the work, avoid influencing crushing efficiency because of adhesion material on broken driven wheel 31 and the broken action wheel 32.
In this embodiment 1, the crushing driving wheel 32 is provided with engaging outer rings 323 at both outer sides thereof, and the crushing driven wheel 31 is interposed between the engaging outer rings 323 in a use state to prevent splashing.
Therefore, the splashing path of the material in the crushing process can be effectively blocked by matching with the outer ring 323, and splashing is prevented.
In this embodiment 1, the water injection pipe 21 is square and is located outside the cross section of the inclined feeding port 111 around the water injection pipe to prevent the material from hitting the water injection pipe 21.
In this embodiment 1, a sludge outlet 161 is provided at the lower part of the water storage tank 16.
Thus, the sludge outlet 161 is provided to facilitate the taking out of the sludge in the lower part of the storage tank 16, thereby facilitating the operation.
In this embodiment 1, it further includes a controller 9, the controller 9 is disposed in the control cabin 14, and the controller 9 is respectively connected to the drying heating wire 7, the crushing driving motor 33, the stirring motor 41, the hydraulic cylinder 51, the drainage cylinder 61, and the water supply pump 24.
Thus, the controller 9 can control the drying heating wire 7, the crushing driving motor 33, the stirring motor 41, the hydraulic cylinder 51, the drainage cylinder 61 and the water supply pump 24 to be turned on and off, and the degree of automation is high.
Wherein the controller 9 is provided with a control panel.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 3, according to the processing method of the energy-saving and environment-friendly building waste brick making device of this embodiment 2, the energy-saving and environment-friendly building waste brick making device is applied, and the processing method includes the following steps:
s1, crushing: injecting materials from an inclined feeding port 111, injecting water through a second water supply pipe 232 and a water injection pipe 21 after a water supply pump 24 is operated, injecting the materials through a first water supply pipe 231 when the water in the water storage bin 16 is insufficient, then driving the crushing driving wheel 32 to operate by the crushing driving motor 33, crushing the materials between the crushing driving wheel 32 and the crushing driven wheel 31, and then dropping the materials into the stirring chamber 12;
s2, mixing and stirring: the stirring motor 41 rotates to drive the stirring paddle 42 to fully stir the materials in the stirring chamber 12, the hydraulic cylinder 51 controls the closed valve plate 52 to move leftwards after stirring is completed, the materials flow into the drainage bin 13 through a channel at the bottom of the stirring chamber 12, the closed valve plate 52 moves rightwards after the stirring is completed, and the channel at the bottom of the stirring chamber 12 is closed;
s3, draining: the water in the material flows into the water storage bin 16 from the water outlet 131;
s4, compacting: the drainage air cylinder 61 pushes the drainage pressing plate 62 to move leftwards to press materials into bricks, the turnover plate 132 rotates downwards to open, the bricks fall down, the rear turnover plate 132 rotates upwards to close, and meanwhile the drainage air cylinder 61 drives the drainage pressing plate 62 to move rightwards;
s5, baking: the bricks are dried under the action of the drying heating wires 7 in the drying bin 15, and the dried bricks flow out from the brick outlet 151 to finish brick making.
Therefore, the water injection dust suppression system, the crushing system, the stirring mechanism, the valve plate mechanism and the drainage mechanism are arranged, so that the waste can be effectively used for making bricks, the energy is saved, and the resource utilization of the construction waste is realized. The invention is suitable for wide application in building garbage treatment.
The above description is only an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any equivalent changes and modifications that can be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and principles of the invention should fall within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. An energy-concerving and environment-protective type building rubbish brickmaking device which characterized in that: the water injection dust suppression device comprises a shell, a water injection dust suppression system, a crushing system, a stirring mechanism, a valve plate mechanism and a drainage mechanism, wherein an upper cover is installed at the top of the shell, an inclined feeding port is formed in the upper cover, the water injection dust suppression system comprises a water injection pipe extending into the shell, a water injection support fixedly connected with the upper cover and a water supply pipe capable of supplying water to the water injection pipe, the water injection pipe is installed on the water injection support and provided with a plurality of groups of water injection nozzles, the water supply pipe is respectively connected with a first water supply pipe and a second water supply pipe, the first water supply pipe is connected with an external water source, the crushing system is arranged below the water injection pipe and comprises a crushing driven wheel, a crushing driving motor, a driving belt wheel and a belt, the crushing driven wheel is connected with the inner wall of the shell through a crushing driven wheel shaft and can rotate in the shell, the, the crushing driving wheel is provided with a driving wheel belt wheel, the driving wheel belt wheel is connected with the driving wheel belt wheel through the belt, the driving wheel belt wheel is connected with the crushing driving motor, the stirring mechanism comprises a stirring motor and a stirring paddle, a stirring chamber is arranged below a gap between the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel, the stirring paddle is arranged in the stirring chamber, the right end of the stirring paddle penetrates through the right side wall of the stirring chamber and is connected with the stirring motor, a drainage bin is arranged below the stirring chamber, a control bin is arranged on the left side of the stirring chamber, the valve plate mechanism comprises a hydraulic cylinder and a closed valve plate, the hydraulic cylinder is arranged in the control bin, one end of the closed valve plate is connected with the hydraulic cylinder, the other end of the closed valve plate penetrates through the left side wall of the stirring chamber and then extends into the, the pneumatic cylinder can drive control seal valve plate transverse motion is in order to realize the switching of teeter chamber bottom, a plurality of groups of outlet, diapire left side have been seted up on drainage storehouse bottom wall right side are equipped with the returning face plate that can open and shut, drainage mechanism includes drainage cylinder and drainage clamp plate, the drainage clamp plate sets up in the drainage storehouse, drainage clamp plate right-hand member with the drainage cylinder is connected, the drainage cylinder can drive the drainage clamp plate is in transverse motion in the drainage storehouse, the returning face plate below is equipped with stoving storehouse, stoving storehouse left side is equipped with the fragment of brick export and inside is equipped with the stoving heater strip, the outlet below is equipped with the reservoir, the lower tip of delivery pipe two inserts just be equipped with the working shaft in the reservoir.
2. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: it still includes output drive mechanism, output drive mechanism sets up in the stoving storehouse, output drive mechanism includes output transmission support, driving pulley, conveyer belt and transmission driving motor, be equipped with a plurality of groups on the output transmission support driving pulley just driving pulley can it is rotatory on the output transmission support, driving pulley is equipped with outward the conveyer belt, the rightmost side driving pulley with transmission driving motor is connected.
3. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the left side of the turnover plate is provided with a rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by a turnover motor.
4. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the crushing system further comprises a left removing hand and a right removing hand, the left removing hand and the right removing hand are fixedly connected with the shell, the left removing hand and the right removing hand are respectively matched with the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel below to remove materials adhered to the crushing driven wheel and the crushing driving wheel.
5. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: and matching outer rings are arranged on two sides of the outer part of the crushing driving wheel, and the crushing driven wheel is placed between the two matching outer rings in a use state so as to prevent splashing.
6. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water injection pipe is in a shape of a Chinese character kou and is located on the outer side of the section of the inclined feeding port on the periphery to prevent materials from smashing the water injection pipe.
7. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a sludge taking-out opening is formed in the lower part of the water storage bin.
8. An energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to any one of claims 1-7, characterized in that: the drying and crushing device is characterized by further comprising a controller, wherein the controller is arranged in the control bin and is respectively connected with the drying heating wire, the crushing driving motor, the stirring motor, the hydraulic cylinder, the drainage cylinder and the water supply pump.
9. The energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device according to claim 8, characterized in that: the controller is provided with a control panel.
10. A treatment method of an energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste brick making device is characterized by comprising the following steps: the energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device as claimed in any one of claims 1-9, wherein the treatment method comprises the following steps:
s1, crushing: injecting materials from the inclined feeding port, injecting water through a water supply pipe II and a water injection pipe after a water supply pump is operated, injecting the materials through the water supply pipe I when the water in the water storage bin is insufficient, then driving a crushing driving wheel to operate by a crushing driving motor, crushing the materials between the crushing driving wheel and a crushing driven wheel, and then dropping the materials into the stirring chamber;
s2, mixing and stirring: the stirring motor rotates to drive the stirring paddle to fully stir the materials in the stirring chamber, the hydraulic cylinder controls the closed valve plate to move leftwards after stirring is completed, the materials flow into the drainage bin through the bottom channel of the stirring chamber, the closed valve plate moves rightwards after the materials flow out, and the bottom channel of the stirring chamber is closed;
s3, draining: the water in the material flows into the water storage bin from the water outlet;
s4, compacting: the drainage air cylinder pushes the drainage pressing plate to move leftwards to press materials into bricks, the turnover plate rotates downwards to realize opening, the bricks fall down, the rear turnover plate rotates upwards to realize closing, and meanwhile the drainage air cylinder drives the drainage pressing plate to move rightwards;
s5, baking: the brick blocks are dried under the action of the drying heating wires in the drying bin, and the dried brick blocks flow out from the brick block outlets to finish brick making.
CN202010548774.3A 2020-06-16 2020-06-16 Energy-saving environment-friendly building garbage brick making device and treatment method Pending CN111605063A (en)

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CN204914197U (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-30 耿龙龙 Use device of construction waste production insulating brick
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CN210651258U (en) * 2019-08-16 2020-06-02 福建省亚若环保科技发展有限公司 Brick making device produced by adopting various solid waste fine materials
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050247002A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2005-11-10 Williams Raymond F Concrete block and method of making same
CN204523067U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-05 富阳怀邦机械有限公司 A kind of construction waste crushing device
CN204914197U (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-30 耿龙龙 Use device of construction waste production insulating brick
CN207237547U (en) * 2017-05-06 2018-04-17 卢明加 A kind of mine crushing dust-extraction unit
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Application publication date: 20200901