CN212018058U - Soil remediation environment-friendly device - Google Patents

Soil remediation environment-friendly device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212018058U
CN212018058U CN202020355316.3U CN202020355316U CN212018058U CN 212018058 U CN212018058 U CN 212018058U CN 202020355316 U CN202020355316 U CN 202020355316U CN 212018058 U CN212018058 U CN 212018058U
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China
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stirring
pipeline
stirring bin
motor
bin
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CN202020355316.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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魏源
李信茹
陈海燕
苏海磊
米屹东
王凡凡
周民
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil remediation environment-friendly device mainly includes: the device comprises a sealing cover, a crushing unit, a stirring bin, a bracket, a discharge hole, a stirring assembly, a motor and a nozzle; the upper part of the crushing unit is covered with the sealing cover, the lower part of the crushing unit is communicated with the stirring bin through a pipeline, the upper end of the stirring bin is provided with the motor, the lower end of the stirring bin is connected with the discharge port, the inside of the stirring bin is provided with the nozzle, and the motor is connected with the stirring assembly inside the stirring bin; the utility model discloses the advantage is, can fully smash soil and crop straw through smashing the unit to mix in stirring the storehouse, further add biological agent through the nozzle, realize the organic restoration to soil, it is better to smash the mixed effect, and simple structure uses, and the treatment effeciency is high, and the energy consumption still less.

Description

Soil remediation environment-friendly device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a pollute soil restoration technical field, especially relate to a soil remediation environment-friendly device.
Background
Soil mainly comprises mineral substance, moisture, air, humus etc. soil when cyclic utilization, often meets the organic matter content and reduces, and then leads to hardening, simultaneously, too abominable environment still leads to harmful microorganism to breed in a large number, influences the soil and recycles, consequently is necessary to restoreing this type of soil, but current soil prosthetic devices generally adopt high temperature heating to reduce the microorganism count to add necessary soil nutrient (chemical fertilizer), and then restore soil, but the ubiquitous treatment effeciency is low, the problem that the energy consumption is high.
Chinese patent 2018204446320 discloses a novel soil remediation device, including the churn, the top central point of churn puts and installs the motor, the rotary rod is installed to the bottom of motor, the action wheel has been cup jointed to the top outer wall of rotary rod, solid fixed ring's inside is equipped with the swivelling chute, the lug is connected with the swivelling chute cooperation, the connecting cylinder is all installed to the left and right sides of driven lever, the connecting cylinder passes through fixing bolt and scrapes the flitch and link to each other, the discharge gate is installed to the bottom of churn. According to the technical scheme, nutrients are added to the soil in a mode of mixing the soil and the crop straws, the problem of chemical fertilizer pollution is solved to a certain extent, and although a high-temperature heating method is not adopted for sterilization, the energy consumption is reduced, but the problem that harmful microorganisms influence soil remediation is not solved.
To sum up, a soil remediation device is needed to increase the organic matter content of soil, provide sterilization/bacteriostasis means, reduce energy consumption and improve soil remediation efficiency in the soil remediation process.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides a soil remediation environment-friendly device can solve above-mentioned soil remediation's problem.
For this purpose, the utility model is implemented by the following technical scheme.
An environmental protection device for soil remediation, comprising: the device comprises a sealing cover, a crushing unit, a filter screen, an observation window, a stirring bin, a bracket, a discharge port, a stirring assembly, a nozzle and a motor;
the crushing unit is of a box body structure, the upper part of the crushing unit is provided with the sealing cover, two rollers are arranged in parallel in the crushing unit and connected with an external driving motor, and blades for crushing are arranged on the surfaces of the two rollers in a staggered mode; the lower part of the crushing unit is funnel-shaped and is communicated with the stirring bin through a pipeline, the pipeline is arranged on the upper end surface of the stirring bin, the filter screen is obliquely arranged in the pipeline, an opening is formed in the side surface of the pipeline, and the lower edge of the opening is flush with the lower end of the filter screen; a movable baffle is arranged at the opening of the pipeline;
the stirring bin is of a vertical cylindrical structure, the motor is mounted on the upper end face of the stirring bin, and the stirring bin is connected with the stirring component arranged inside the stirring bin; a hole is formed in the side surface of the stirring bin close to the upper end, a movable baffle is additionally arranged, and the stirring bin is provided with the observation window; two or more than two brackets are uniformly arranged at the lower part of the stirring bin along the circumferential direction; the bottom of the stirring bin is funnel-shaped and is connected with the discharge hole with a valve; at least one nozzle is installed on the upper portion of the inner cavity of the stirring bin, and the nozzle is communicated with the pipeline outside the stirring bin.
Further, the motor is a motor with a speed reducer, and an output shaft of the motor is connected with the stirring assembly through a coupler.
Further, the stirring assembly includes: a scraper plate, a stirring rod and a stirring shaft; the stirring shaft is vertically arranged and connected with the motor, and is provided with a plurality of layers of stirring rods, wherein at least two stirring rods are arranged on each layer; the tail end of the stirring rod is provided with the scraper.
Furthermore, the crushing unit and the connecting pipeline of the stirring bin are square pipelines, the opening of each pipeline is a square opening, the lower end of a movable baffle at the opening is hinged with the outer wall of the pipeline, and the upper end of the movable baffle is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt.
Furthermore, the movable baffle plate at the opening of the pipeline can be of a movable inserting plate structure.
Furthermore, the upper end of a movable baffle plate of the observation window is hinged with the outer wall of the stirring bin, and the lower end of the movable baffle plate is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt.
Furthermore, the movable baffle of the observation window can be a movable inserting plate structure
The utility model has the advantages of as follows:
1. the designed crushing unit can crush the added organic matters (crop straws) and the soil to be repaired, so that the aim of fully mixing the organic additives and the soil is fulfilled, and the stirring effect is improved.
2. The filter screen is put to one side of design and corresponds the opening, can filter the bold object that does not smash thoroughly and slide away the pipeline, guarantees that the stirring is more smooth and easy, extension stirring subassembly and motor life promote the stirring effect simultaneously, reduces the required power of stirring.
3. The built-in nozzle can be added with a sterilizing or biological agent (beneficial bacteria) and is matched with stirring to ensure that the mixing process is more thorough, the energy consumption caused by high-temperature sterilization is reduced, and the treatment efficiency and effect are also improved.
Drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only one or several embodiments of the present invention, and that other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without inventive efforts.
The distribution positions and distribution numbers of the same structures shown in the drawings are only for convenience of describing the invention, but do not indicate or imply that the structures referred to must have a specific orientation, distribution number and therefore should not be construed as limiting the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a soil remediation device of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of an opening of a pipeline in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a simplified diagram of the present invention used in conjunction with an external device;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of an opening of a pipeline in embodiment 2 of the present invention.
In the figure:
1-sealing cover; 2-a roller; 3, filtering the filter screen; 4-observation window; 5-a stirring bin; 6-a scaffold; 7-discharging port; 8-scraper 9-stirring rod; 10-a stirring shaft; 11-a nozzle; 12-motor.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper portion", "lower portion", "upper end", "lower end", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in fig. 1.
Example 1
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying fig. 1-3.
An environmental protection device for soil remediation, comprising: the device comprises a sealing cover 1, a crushing unit, a filter screen 3, an observation window 4, a stirring bin 5, a support 6, a discharge port 7, a stirring assembly, a nozzle 11 and a motor 12;
as shown in fig. 1, the crushing unit is a crusher structure, the main body is a box structure, the upper part is provided with a sealing cover 1, two rollers 2 are arranged in parallel in the crushing unit and connected with an external driving motor, and the two rollers 2 are provided with crushing blades in a staggered manner and can rotate oppositely; the lower part of the crushing unit is funnel-shaped and is communicated with the stirring bin 5 through a pipeline, the pipeline is arranged on the upper end surface of the stirring bin 5, the pipeline can be a square pipeline or a round pipeline, the square pipeline is preferably designed as shown in figure 2, a filter screen 3 is obliquely arranged in the pipeline, the object blocks which are not completely crushed can conveniently slide out along the filter screen, the side surface of the pipeline is open, and the lower edge of the opening is flush with the lower end of the filter screen 3; a movable baffle is arranged at the opening of the pipeline;
preferably, the lower end of the movable baffle at the opening of the pipeline is hinged with the outer wall of the pipeline, and the upper end of the movable baffle is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt, so that the movable baffle can be turned outwards in the crushing process, as shown in figure 2, and filtered object blocks can slide out of the pipeline.
The stirring bin 5 is of a vertical cylindrical structure, the upper end face of the stirring bin is provided with a motor 12, and the stirring bin is connected with a stirring assembly arranged inside the stirring bin;
preferably, as shown in fig. 1, the stirring assembly includes: a scraping plate 8, a stirring rod 9 and a stirring shaft 10; the stirring shaft 10 is vertically arranged and connected with the motor 12, and the stirring shaft 10 is provided with a plurality of layers of stirring rods 9, and each layer is provided with at least two stirring rods; a scraper 8 is arranged at the tail end of the stirring rod 9, wherein the scraper 8 is beneficial to scraping off the viscous soil after stirring from the side wall of the stirring bin 5; wherein, the motor 12 is a motor with a speed reducer, and the output shaft of the motor is connected with the stirring component through a coupling.
The side surface of the stirring bin 5 close to the upper end is provided with a hole, a movable baffle is additionally arranged and is provided with an observation window 4, so that an operator can observe the adding condition of the materials in the bin, and the feeding process can be stopped in time; preferably, the upper end of a movable baffle plate of the observation window 4 is hinged with the outer wall of the stirring bin 5, and the lower end of the movable baffle plate is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt.
The lower part of the stirring bin 5 is uniformly provided with three brackets 6 along the circumferential direction, and the brackets 6 are triangular brackets as shown in figure 1; the bottom of the stirring bin 5 is funnel-shaped and is connected with a discharge hole 7 with a valve; at least one nozzle 11 is arranged at the upper part of the inner cavity of the stirring bin 5, and the nozzle 11 is communicated with an external pipeline of the stirring bin 5;
the using method comprises the following steps:
and (3) a crushing stage. The pipeline opening movable baffle, the sealing cover 1 and the driving motor of the crushing unit are required to be opened, the discharge port 7 is kept closed, soil or crop straws are conveyed to the crushing unit from the stockpiling pool by an external feeding device (the structure is shown in figure 3), the crushed soil or crop straws and smaller particles fall into the stirring bin 5 through the filter screen 3, and larger materials slide to an external slideway along the inclined plane of the filter screen 3 and fall into the stockpiling pool to wait for being crushed again. During, operating personnel regularly looks over the material pile-up condition in the stirring storehouse 5 through the observation window, waits to reach the regulation and piles up the position, stops outside conveyor, closes crushing unit driving motor and covers sealed lid 1 with covering, closes the adjustable fender of pipeline opening part and the adjustable fender of observation window 4 simultaneously.
And (5) a repairing stage. The motor 12 is started to drive the internal soil and the crop straw fragments to be mixed, during the period, disinfectant or biological agent (beneficial bacteria) can be conveyed to the nozzle 11 through an external pipeline (not shown in the figure) of the stirring bin 5 according to requirements, the material in the bin is sprayed by the nozzle 11, after a set time, the motor 12 is closed, the valve of the discharge port 7 is opened, and the repaired soil is discharged through the discharge port 7 (during the period, the motor 12 can be opened for the soil rich in viscosity to assist in discharging).
And (5) a cleaning stage. When concrete need be to 5 insides in the stirring storehouse wash (different biological agent adds the demand), can open discharge gate 7 to pressurize through nozzle 11, to 5 inside clear water that spout in stirring storehouse, also can pass observation window 4 with high-pressure squirt front end simultaneously and wash inside, and open motor 12, until washing the completion.
Example 2
The embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that the movable baffle at the opening of the pipeline connecting the crushing unit and the stirring bin 5 can be an insertion plate structure, specifically, as shown in fig. 4, the drawing direction is the horizontal direction; in the same way, the movable baffle at the observation window 4 is preferably of an inserting plate structure, particularly of a radian structure, so as to be attached to the outer wall of the stirring bin 5, and the drawing direction is vertical.
The above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the examples, those skilled in the art should understand that the technical solutions of the present invention can be modified or replaced by equivalents without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, which should be covered by the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. An environmental protection device is restoreed to soil, its characterized in that includes: the device comprises a sealing cover (1), a crushing unit, a filter screen (3), an observation window (4), a stirring bin (5), a bracket (6), a discharge hole (7), a stirring assembly, a nozzle (11) and a motor (12);
the crushing unit is of a box structure, the upper part of the crushing unit is provided with the sealing cover (1), two rollers (2) are arranged in parallel in the crushing unit and connected with an external driving motor, and blades for crushing are arranged on the surfaces of the two rollers (2) in a staggered mode; the lower part of the crushing unit is funnel-shaped and is communicated with the stirring bin (5) through a pipeline, the pipeline is arranged on the upper end surface of the stirring bin (5), the filter screen (3) is obliquely arranged in the pipeline, an opening is formed in the side surface of the pipeline, and the lower edge of the opening is flush with the lower end of the filter screen (3); a movable baffle is arranged at the opening of the pipeline;
the stirring bin (5) is of a vertical cylindrical structure, the motor (12) is mounted on the upper end face of the stirring bin, and the stirring bin is connected with the stirring component arranged inside the stirring bin; the side surface of the stirring bin (5) close to the upper end is provided with a hole, a movable baffle is additionally arranged, and the stirring bin is arranged as the observation window (4); the lower part of the stirring bin (5) is uniformly provided with two or more than two brackets (6) along the circumferential direction; the bottom of the stirring bin (5) is funnel-shaped and is connected with the discharge hole (7) with a valve; at least one nozzle (11) is installed on stirring storehouse (5) inner chamber upper portion, nozzle (11) with stirring storehouse (5) external pipeline intercommunication.
2. The soil remediation environmental protection device of claim 1, wherein the motor (12) is a motor with a reducer, and an output shaft of the motor is connected to the stirring assembly through a coupling.
3. The soil remediation environment of claim 1, wherein said agitation assembly comprises: a scraper (8), a stirring rod (9) and a stirring shaft (10); the stirring shaft (10) is vertically arranged and connected with the motor (12), and a plurality of layers of stirring rods (9) are arranged on the stirring shaft (10), and at least two stirring rods are arranged on each layer; the tail end of the stirring rod (9) is provided with the scraper (8).
4. The environment-friendly soil remediation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the connection pipeline between the crushing unit and the stirring bin (5) is a square pipeline, the opening of the pipeline is a square opening, the lower end of the movable baffle at the opening is hinged to the outer wall of the pipeline, and the upper end of the movable baffle is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt.
5. The soil remediation environment-friendly device of claim 1, wherein the upper end of the movable baffle plate of the observation window (4) is hinged with the outer wall of the stirring bin (5), and the lower end is movably connected with the outer wall of the pipeline through a bolt.
CN202020355316.3U 2020-03-19 2020-03-19 Soil remediation environment-friendly device Active CN212018058U (en)

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CN202020355316.3U CN212018058U (en) 2020-03-19 2020-03-19 Soil remediation environment-friendly device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112354463A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-02-12 浙江师范大学 Microorganism mixing device for contaminated soil remediation
CN113351068A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-09-07 陈胜军 Be used for prosthetic environmental treatment equipment of soil pollution
CN114208433A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-03-22 哈尔滨师范大学 Method for rapidly supplementing organic matters required in saline-alkali wetland restoration process by using high-cellulose decomposition active bacteria

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112354463A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-02-12 浙江师范大学 Microorganism mixing device for contaminated soil remediation
CN113351068A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-09-07 陈胜军 Be used for prosthetic environmental treatment equipment of soil pollution
CN114208433A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-03-22 哈尔滨师范大学 Method for rapidly supplementing organic matters required in saline-alkali wetland restoration process by using high-cellulose decomposition active bacteria

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