CN111309077A - Aquaculture detection management system - Google Patents

Aquaculture detection management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111309077A
CN111309077A CN202010108634.4A CN202010108634A CN111309077A CN 111309077 A CN111309077 A CN 111309077A CN 202010108634 A CN202010108634 A CN 202010108634A CN 111309077 A CN111309077 A CN 111309077A
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water quality
module
controller
index parameters
sensors
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CN202010108634.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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王麟
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Qingdao Juxin Chuangying Information Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Juxin Chuangying Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means

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  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Arrangements For Transmission Of Measured Signals (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an aquaculture detection management system, which comprises an upper computer and at least one group of water quality detection assemblies in wireless connection with the upper computer, wherein each water quality detection assembly comprises a wireless communication module, a controller, an analog-to-digital conversion module, a sensor and an execution element; the controller sends the water quality index parameters to an upper computer through a wireless communication module, and the upper computer is used for running a monitoring project and carrying out historical recording and making a report and a curve on the received water quality index parameters. The controller automatically adjusts the water quality index parameters according to the control logic, manual control is not needed, the automation degree of the system is improved, and the labor cost is reduced.

Description

Aquaculture detection management system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of aquaculture, in particular to an aquaculture detection management system.
Background
Different fishes have strict requirements on factors such as water field temperature, oxygen capacity and the like. If the comprehensive technology is not developed and utilized, the water temperature is unstable, and the breeding of the cultured fishes and the high yield and high efficiency of the facility fishery are influenced; in addition, the assimilation of the fishes is affected due to the insufficient detection of the dissolved oxygen in the water body, so that the water body is damaged, and the economic benefit is reduced. In countries with developed aquaculture industry such as Denmark and Japan, on-line detection of water quality parameters with important significance for a plurality of items such as temperature, pH value, ammonia nitrogen, COD and BOD in aquaculture water is realized, the growth environment of the aquaculture link is analyzed, environmental factors influencing the growth of aquatic products are summarized, and the optimal environment for high-density aquaculture of the aquatic products is determined, so that the full utilization of environmental resources is realized.
The Chinese patent with publication number CN103676906A discloses an intensive aquaculture detection system, which comprises a remote control system, an on-site monitoring system, a robot fish positioning water quality acquisition system and a fixed point sampling system, wherein the on-site monitoring system comprises a base station control module, the base station control module is a central processing unit, is connected with a key input module, receives a key command, executes a corresponding command according to the key command, is connected with a temperature adjusting machine, properly adjusts the temperature, is connected with a bait throwing machine, throws the amount of bait, an oxygen increasing machine, increases the oxygen content, a water inlet and discharge device, executes the work of water discharge according to the command, the on-site monitoring system is also provided with a display module, an alarm module, checks the parameters of the system at any time, alarms when the water quality is abnormal, and is connected with the on-site monitoring system through a data line, can be according to on-the-spot monitored control system's data information, send the instruction to on-the-spot monitored control system, remote control system include the database management, timing control, the system setting, four parts of quality of water situation display, machine fish location quality of water collection system passes through the data line and is connected with basic station control module, can effectively convey the position and the data parameter information at machine fish place to basic station control module, mainly including dissolved oxygen concentration, ammonia nitrogen content, conductivity parameter, and the PH value of water, fixed point sampling system, fixed point position are equipped with dissolved oxygen sensor, ammonia nitrogen content sensor, conductivity sensor, PH value sensor are responsible for gathering the different data parameters at fixed point position to convey basic station control module. In the above patent document, the base station control module receives the key command for the key input module, and executes the corresponding command according to the key command, so that the degree of automation is insufficient, manual control management is required, and the cost is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an aquaculture detection management system, which solves the problems that in the prior art, a base station control module receives a key command for a key input module, executes the corresponding command according to the key command, has insufficient automation degree, needs manual control management and increases the cost.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
an aquaculture detection management system comprises an upper computer and at least one group of water quality detection assemblies in wireless connection with the upper computer, wherein each water quality detection assembly comprises a wireless communication module, a controller, an analog-to-digital conversion module, a sensor and an execution element, the sensor is used for detecting water quality index parameters and transmitting the water quality index parameters to the analog-to-digital conversion module, the analog-to-digital conversion module sends the water quality index parameters subjected to analog-to-digital conversion to the controller, and the controller calculates the water quality index parameters needing to be adjusted according to control logic and controls the execution element to act; the controller sends the water quality index parameters to the upper computer through the wireless communication module, and the upper computer is used for running a monitoring project and carrying out historical recording, report making and curve making on the received water quality index parameters.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water quality detecting assembly further includes a positioning module, the positioning module obtains positioning information of the water quality detecting assembly and sends the positioning information to the controller, the controller stores a unique identifier of the water quality detecting assembly, the positioning information and the location identifier are sent to the upper computer through the wireless communication module, and the upper computer runs a monitoring project based on the positioning information.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the wireless communication module is a GPRS communication circuit and/or a WiFi communication circuit.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sensor is connected to the analog-to-digital conversion module through a cable or a zigbee.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sensors include, but are not limited to, pH sensors, temperature sensors, turbidity sensors, ammonia nitrogen sensors, salinity sensors, alkalinity sensors, and conductivity sensors.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water quality detecting assembly further includes an encryption and compression module, and the controller is connected to the encryption and compression module, and encrypts and compresses the aquatic product index parameter and sends the encrypted and compressed aquatic product index parameter to the wireless communication module.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water quality detecting assembly further includes a local cache module, and the controller is connected to the local cache module, and stores the aquatic product index parameters to the local cache module, and then sends the aquatic product index parameters to the wireless communication module in a centralized batch.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the controller automatically adjusts the water quality index parameters according to the control logic, manual control is not needed, the automation degree of the system is improved, and the labor cost is reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of an aquaculture detection management system of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-an upper computer; 2-a water quality detection component; 201-a wireless communication module; 202-a controller; 203-analog-to-digital conversion module; 204-a sensor; 205-an actuator.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, the invention provides an aquaculture detection management system, which comprises an upper computer 1 and at least one group of water quality detection assemblies 2 wirelessly connected with the upper computer 1, wherein each water quality detection assembly 2 comprises a wireless communication module 201, a controller 202, an analog-to-digital conversion module 203, a sensor 204 and an execution element 205, the sensor 204 is used for detecting water quality index parameters and transmitting the water quality index parameters to the analog-to-digital conversion module 203, the analog-to-digital conversion module 203 sends the water quality index parameters subjected to analog-to-digital conversion to the controller 202, and the controller 202 calculates the water quality index parameters needing to be adjusted according to control logic and controls the execution element 205 to act; the controller 202 sends the water quality index parameters to the upper computer 1 through the wireless communication module 201, and the upper computer 1 is used for running a monitoring project and carrying out historical recording, report making and curve making on the received water quality index parameters. The mode conversion module is formed by a multi-channel analog-to-digital conversion chip.
Specifically, the control logic of the controller 202 is to determine the upper and lower thresholds of each water quality index parameter corresponding to the cultivation object according to the cultivation object, and the initial values of the upper and lower thresholds of each water quality index parameter corresponding to the cultivation object can be burned into the controller 202 by a technician or wirelessly transmitted into the controller 202 by the upper computer 1. The controller 202 may burn the upper and lower thresholds of the common aquatic products and the corresponding water quality index parameters thereof when leaving the factory, and select the corresponding data from them as the operation standard of the controller 202 before the actual application. Therefore, the controller 202 can be connected with a touch display screen or a combination of a liquid crystal display screen and a key, the touch display screen/the liquid crystal display screen displays data of upper and lower thresholds of default common aquatic products and corresponding water quality index parameters in the controller 202, the touch display screen or the key sends a selection and confirmation command to the controller 202, and the controller 202 determines an operation standard to be followed in the actual application process according to the command. The controller 202 is formed by a PLC, and is widely used in industrial control due to its high reliability and high cost performance. The PLC has more input parameters and output parameters, more than ten or even dozens of input and output numerical values of a single PLC, and can transmit the numerical values detected by the plurality of sensors 204 for solving O, pH values, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity, conductivity and the like into the single PLC, thereby realizing the simultaneous control of the multiple parameters, simplifying the control structure and reducing the process variables.
In practice, the sensors 204 include, but are not limited to, pH sensors, temperature sensors, turbidity sensors, ammonia nitrogen sensors, salinity sensors, alkalinity sensors, and conductivity sensors. The pH value sensor, the temperature sensor, the turbidity sensor, the ammonia nitrogen sensor, the salinity sensor, the alkalinity sensor and the conductivity sensor respectively send the pH value, the temperature, the turbidity, the ammonia nitrogen, the salinity, the alkalinity and the conductivity of the water to the controller 202. The controller 202 compares the pH value, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity, conductivity with their corresponding upper and lower thresholds in sequence, determines whether the value range formed by the upper and lower thresholds is exceeded, and controls the actuator 205 to perform reverse adjustment if the value range is exceeded. The actuator 205 includes a pH adjuster, a temperature adjuster, a turbidity adjuster, an ammonia nitrogen adjuster, a salinity adjuster, an alkalinity adjuster, and a conductivity adjuster.
The controller 202 transmits the detected pH value, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity and conductivity to the upper computer 1 through the wireless communication module 201, and the upper computer 1 can adopt a computer or a tablet computer and the like to display the received pH value, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity, conductivity and corresponding upper and lower thresholds thereof, and perform historical recording, report making and curve making.
The pH value, the temperature, the turbidity, the ammonia nitrogen, the salinity, the alkalinity, the conductivity and the corresponding upper and lower thresholds can be clicked on the upper computer 1 to modify the pH value, the temperature, the turbidity, the ammonia nitrogen, the salinity, the alkalinity, the conductivity and the corresponding upper and lower thresholds, the modified values are sent to the controller 202 after modification, and the controller 202 replaces the original upper and lower thresholds with the modified upper and lower thresholds by calling an assignment program, so that the modification of the upper and lower thresholds of the controller 202 is realized.
In other embodiments, the upper computer 1 may be further configured to obtain a growth curve of the cultured object, and determine whether the pH value, the temperature, the turbidity, the ammonia nitrogen, the salinity, the alkalinity, the conductivity corresponding to the cultured object, and the corresponding upper and lower thresholds thereof need to be optimized.
If the culture area is large, a plurality of groups of water quality detection assemblies 2 need to be arranged, the water quality detection assemblies 2 are fixed at certain places in the culture area, and water quality index parameters in the culture area are detected in a distributed mode. The water quality detection assembly 2 further comprises a positioning module, and the positioning module can be formed by a GPS chip or a Beidou positioning chip. The positioning module acquires the positioning information of the water quality detection assembly 2 and sends the positioning information to the controller 202, the controller 202 stores the unique identifier of the water quality detection assembly 2, the positioning information and the position identifier are sent to the upper computer 1 through the wireless communication module 201, and the upper computer 1 runs a monitoring project based on the positioning information. In this embodiment, the display screen of the upper computer 1 includes two monitoring interfaces, one is in a history, report and curve form, the other is in a GIS simulation form, the whole map information of the culture area is displayed, the icon of the water quality detection assembly 2 is simulated and marked on the whole map according to the positioning information of the water quality detection assembly 2, the icon of the water quality detection assembly 2 displays the real-time pH value, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity, conductivity, and the different colors represent whether the pH value, temperature, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, salinity, alkalinity, and conductivity exceed the upper threshold, the lower threshold or be between the upper threshold and the lower threshold, for example, the upper threshold is exceeded red, the lower threshold is yellow, and the upper threshold and the lower threshold are between green.
The wireless communication module 201 is a GPRS communication circuit/a 4G communication circuit/a 5G communication circuit and/or a WiFi communication circuit. The sensor 204 is connected to the analog-to-digital conversion module 203 by a cable or zigbee. If the sensor 204 interacts data with the analog-to-digital conversion module 203 through ZigBee, the analog-to-digital conversion module 203 and the sensor 204 are respectively connected to the ZigBee circuit module.
The water quality detection assembly 2 further comprises an encryption and compression module, and the controller 202 is connected with the encryption and compression module, encrypts and compresses the aquatic product index parameters and sends the parameters to the wireless communication module 201. Specifically, the controller 202 takes the time and the aquatic product index parameters as an array, and then encrypts and compresses all the arrays, decompresses and decrypts the arrays by the upper computer 1, and restores the arrays to the array formed by the time and the aquatic product index parameters.
The water quality detection assembly 2 further comprises a local cache module, the controller 202 is connected with the local cache module, the aquatic product index parameters are firstly stored in the local cache module, and then the aquatic product index parameters are sent to the wireless communication module 201 in a centralized batch mode.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the controller 202 automatically adjusts the water quality index parameters according to the control logic, manual real-time control is not needed, the automation degree of the system is improved, and the labor cost is reduced.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an aquaculture detects management system, including the host computer, with at least a set of water quality testing subassembly of host computer wireless connection, its characterized in that: the water quality detection assembly comprises a wireless communication module, a controller, an analog-to-digital conversion module, a sensor and an execution element, wherein the sensor is used for detecting water quality index parameters and transmitting the water quality index parameters to the analog-to-digital conversion module, the analog-to-digital conversion module sends the water quality index parameters subjected to analog-to-digital conversion to the controller, and the controller calculates the water quality index parameters needing to be adjusted according to control logic and controls the execution element to act; the controller sends the water quality index parameters to the upper computer through the wireless communication module, and the upper computer is used for running a monitoring project and carrying out historical recording, report making and curve making on the received water quality index parameters.
2. The aquaculture detection management system of claim 1, wherein: the water quality detection assembly further comprises a positioning module, the positioning module acquires positioning information of the water quality detection assembly and sends the positioning information to the controller, the controller stores a unique identifier of the water quality detection assembly, the positioning information and the position identifier are sent to the upper computer through the wireless communication module, and the upper computer runs a monitoring project based on the positioning information.
3. An aquaculture detection management system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the wireless communication module is a GPRS communication circuit and/or a WiFi communication circuit.
4. An aquaculture detection management system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the sensor is connected with the analog-to-digital conversion module through a cable or a zigbee.
5. The aquaculture detection management system of claim 1, wherein: the sensors include, but are not limited to, pH sensors, temperature sensors, turbidity sensors, ammonia nitrogen sensors, salinity sensors, alkalinity sensors, and conductivity sensors.
6. The aquaculture detection management system of claim 1, wherein: the water quality detection assembly further comprises an encryption compression module, the controller is connected with the encryption compression module and used for encrypting and compressing the aquatic product index parameters and then sending the parameters to the wireless communication module.
7. The aquaculture detection management system of claim 1, wherein: the water quality detection assembly further comprises a local cache module, the controller is connected with the local cache module, the aquatic product index parameters are stored in the local cache module firstly, and then the aquatic product index parameters are sent to the wireless communication module in a centralized batch mode.
CN202010108634.4A 2020-02-21 2020-02-21 Aquaculture detection management system Pending CN111309077A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112738180A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-30 江苏智水智能科技有限责任公司 Automatic control system for multi-sensor protocol access
CN113110211A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-13 南京工程学院 Distributed water quality remote monitoring system and monitoring method for aquaculture fishery
CN114778787A (en) * 2022-05-06 2022-07-22 上海联净复合材料技术有限公司 Wisdom marine ranch monitoring system based on letter can pass with passing

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CN208350625U (en) * 2018-05-11 2019-01-08 江苏国创环保科技有限公司 A kind of water quality on-line monitoring device
CN110261561A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-20 苏州工业职业技术学院 A kind of culture environment of aquatic products monitoring system

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CN104808551A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-29 苏州经贸职业技术学院 Intelligent monitoring system and method for aquaculture
CN207503079U (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-06-15 承德市水产技术推广站(承德市水生动物防疫检疫站) A kind of aquaculture monitoring device based on PLC
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112738180A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-30 江苏智水智能科技有限责任公司 Automatic control system for multi-sensor protocol access
CN113110211A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-13 南京工程学院 Distributed water quality remote monitoring system and monitoring method for aquaculture fishery
CN114778787A (en) * 2022-05-06 2022-07-22 上海联净复合材料技术有限公司 Wisdom marine ranch monitoring system based on letter can pass with passing

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