CN111286347B - Fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic waste equipment - Google Patents

Fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic waste equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111286347B
CN111286347B CN202010113218.3A CN202010113218A CN111286347B CN 111286347 B CN111286347 B CN 111286347B CN 202010113218 A CN202010113218 A CN 202010113218A CN 111286347 B CN111286347 B CN 111286347B
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China
Prior art keywords
fluidized bed
porous
separator
driving motor
outside
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CN202010113218.3A
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CN111286347A (en
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张爱英
郁茂林
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Weili Biotechnology (Weihai) Co.,Ltd.
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Weili Biotechnology Weihai Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B49/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated
    • C10B49/02Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge
    • C10B49/04Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated
    • C10B49/08Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated in dispersed form
    • C10B49/10Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated in dispersed form according to the "fluidised bed" technique
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B57/00Other processes not covered before; Features of destructive distillation processes in general

Abstract

The invention discloses equipment for pyrolyzing rural household garbage by a fluidized bed, which belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment and comprises a supporting steel frame, wherein a magnetic separator is fixedly connected above the supporting steel frame, the lower end of a discharge hole of a pulverizer is fixedly connected with a fluidized bed feed inlet, and the right end of the feed inlet of the fluidized bed is fixedly connected with a fluidized bed. The invention is provided with the fluidized bed, when the crushed material enters the fluidized bed, the crushed material falls on the first porous material distribution plate, the high-pressure fan sends hot gas generated by the heater into the fluidized bed through the air pipe and the three fluidized bed air inlets at high speed and high pressure, so that the material on the porous material distribution plate and the porous protection plate is suspended and dried in the hot gas flow, the dried material flows out through the discharge hole of the fluidized bed, no harmful gas and smoke dust are discharged into the atmosphere in the whole process, the environment protection performance is high, the pyrolysis is thorough, the convenience is provided for the treatment of rural domestic garbage, and the method can be widely applied to the pyrolysis of various rural domestic garbage.

Description

Fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic waste equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment, and particularly relates to equipment for pyrolyzing rural domestic garbage by a fluidized bed.
Background
At present, the rural domestic garbage production is increased explosively, along with the continuous improvement of the rural living quality, the rural domestic garbage is more and more in variety, the method for collecting and treating the rural domestic garbage is still only random stacking and simple landfill, the damage of the garbage cannot be effectively solved, the land is occupied, and the water source, the air and the soil are polluted, so that the problems are urgently solved.
The existing common rural domestic garbage treatment methods are only three widely applied landfill methods, incineration methods and composting methods, and gases generated by the three treatment methods all cause realistic influence and potential harm to the atmosphere and the like, especially generate smoke dust and virulent dioxin pollution, and cause irreversible damage to human beings and the atmosphere.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: the device for pyrolyzing the rural domestic garbage by the fluidized bed aims to solve the problems that the existing common rural domestic garbage treatment method only comprises three methods, namely a landfill method, an incineration method and a composting method which are widely applied, and gases generated by the three treatment methods all cause realistic influence and potential harm to the atmosphere and the like, particularly smoke dust and virulent dioxin pollution can be generated, and irreversible damage is generated to human beings and the atmosphere.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic garbage device comprises a supporting steel frame, a magnetic separator is fixedly connected above the supporting steel frame, a magnetic separator feeding port is integrally arranged at the left end above the magnetic separator, a roller is rotatably connected inside the magnetic separator, a magnet is fixedly connected inside the roller, a non-ferrous garbage discharging port is integrally arranged at the right end below the magnetic separator, a ferrous garbage discharging port is integrally arranged at the left end below the magnetic separator, a scraper is fixedly connected at the left side of the steel frame outside the magnetic separator, a collecting barrel is fixedly connected below the ferrous garbage discharging port and the scraper through the steel frame outside the magnetic separator, a first driving motor is fixedly connected at the left side outside the magnetic separator through the supporting steel frame, a V-shaped belt conveyor is fixedly connected below the non-ferrous garbage discharging port through the supporting steel frame, a crusher is arranged below the right end of the V-shaped belt conveyor, the pulverizer comprises a pulverizer upper portion, a pulverizer feed inlet, a pulverizing roller, a second driving motor, a pulverizer lower end, a pulverizer discharge outlet, a fluidized bed feed inlet, a third driving motor, a fluidized bed feed inlet, a high-pressure fan, a fluidized bed gas outlet, a high-pressure draught fan and a high-pressure draught fan, wherein the pulverizer feed inlet is integrally arranged above the pulverizer, the pulverizing roller is rotatably connected inside the pulverizer feed inlet, the second driving motor is fixedly connected to the left side of the pulverizer, the third driving motor penetrates through the fluidized bed feed inlet and is rotatably connected with a spiral slurry feed slurry, the fluidized bed feed inlet is fixedly connected with a fluidized bed at the right end of the fluidized bed, the fluidized bed gas inlet is fixedly connected with a heater below the fluidized bed gas inlet through a gas pipe, the high-pressure induced draft fan comprises a high-pressure induced draft fan body, a high-pressure induced draft fan, a fluidized bed, a porous material distribution plate, a baffle plate, a cyclone separator, a separator gas outlet, a separator discharge hole, a gas storage tank air inlet, a gas storage tank, a first valve, a second valve, a third valve, a fourth valve, a baffle plate, a baffle plates, a baffle plate, a baffle plate, a baffle plate, a, and a gas storage tank gas outlet is integrally arranged below the right end of the gas storage tank, and a second valve is connected to the inside of the gas storage tank gas outlet in an embedded and sleeved mode.
Wherein, the outside left side of magnet separator is through supporting the first driving motor of steelframe fixedly connected with, rotate through driving belt between the cylinder of first driving motor and magnet separator and be connected, the cylinder is clockwise rotation, the outside steelframe left side fixedly connected with scraper blade of magnet separator, the scraper blade right-hand member is laminated with the cylinder.
Wherein, non-iron rubbish discharge gate below is through supporting steelframe fixedly connected with "V" type band conveyer, the outside supporting driving motor that is provided with of "V" type band conveyer, "V" type band conveyer's conveyer belt is "V" type and inwards gathers together, just "V" type band conveyer rotates from the left to the right.
The left side of the outer portion of the pulverizer is fixedly connected with a second driving motor, and the second driving motor is connected with the two pulverizing rollers of the pulverizer in a rotating mode through a transmission belt.
Wherein, both ends are through fluidized bed fixedly connected with dog about porous material distribution plate top, both ends are rotated through the fluidized bed and are connected with the eccentric wheel about porous material distribution plate below, the supporting driving motor that is provided with of fluidized bed outside, the eccentric wheel rotates between the driving motor through pivot and driving belt and the supporting setting of fluidized bed outside and is connected, porous material distribution plate's quantity is five, five porous material distribution plate is the echelonment and passes through pivot swing joint in the inside both sides of fluidized bed, five all be provided with dog and eccentric wheel about porous material distribution plate both sides below, the left nested connection in fluidized bed below side has porous guard plate, porous guard plate is located the inside below of fluidized bed, just the density of porous guard plate is less than porous material distribution plate's density.
The fluidized bed air inlet is arranged below the fluidized bed in an integrated mode, the fluidized bed air outlet is arranged above the fluidized bed in an integrated mode, the number of the fluidized bed air inlet and the number of the fluidized bed air outlet are three, and the fluidized bed air inlet and the fluidized bed air outlet are fixedly connected with the heater and the high-pressure draught fan respectively through air pipes.
Wherein, be electric connection between first driving motor, "V" type band conveyer, second driving motor, fluidized bed, third driving motor, heater, high pressure positive blower, high-pressure draught fan and cyclone all and the external power supply.
In summary, due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention is provided with a fluidized bed, when the crushed material enters the fluidized bed, the crushed material falls on a first porous material distribution plate, then a driving motor arranged outside the fluidized bed in a matching way operates to drive the eccentric wheel to rotate to shake the materials of the porous material distribution plates, so that the materials fall on the other four porous material distribution plates in a first-level manner, meanwhile, the heater and the high-pressure fan operate, the high-pressure fan feeds hot gas generated by the heater into the fluidized bed through the gas pipe and the three fluidized bed gas inlets at high speed and high pressure, the materials on the porous material distribution plate and the porous protection plate are suspended and dried in hot air flow, the dried materials flow out through a discharge port of the fluidized bed, no harmful gas and smoke dust are discharged into the atmosphere in the whole process, the environment-friendly type pyrolysis furnace has high environmental protection and thorough pyrolysis, provides convenience for the treatment of rural domestic garbage, and can be widely applied to the pyrolysis of various rural domestic garbage.
2. The cyclone separator and the gas storage tank are arranged, gas generated in the fluidized bed drying process is sent into the cyclone separator through the gas outlet of the fluidized bed and the material inlet of the separator by the high-pressure draught fan to separate particle impurities mixed in the gas, the separated gas enters the gas storage tank through the gas outlet of the separator and the gas inlet of the gas storage tank to be stored, the separated particle impurities flow out through the material outlet of the separator, the gas inlet of the gas storage tank is closed through the first valve after pyrolysis is completed, and when the gas stored in the gas storage tank needs to be reused, the gas can be discharged through the second valve to be subjected to secondary treatment and then utilized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall schematic plan view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic partial perspective view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a portion of a porous material distribution plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the position A in the present invention.
The labels in the figure are: 1. supporting the steel frame; 2. a magnetic separator; 201. a feed inlet of a magnetic separator; 202. a drum; 203. a magnet; 204. a non-iron garbage discharge port; 205. an iron garbage discharge port; 206. a squeegee; 207. a collection barrel; 208. a first drive motor; 3. a V-shaped belt conveyor; 4. a pulverizer; 401. a crusher feed inlet; 402. a crushing roller; 403. a second drive motor; 404. a discharge port of the crusher; 5. a fluidized bed; 501. a fluidized bed feed inlet; 502. a third drive motor; 503. feeding slurry spirally; 504. a fluidized bed gas inlet; 505. a heater; 506. a high pressure fan; 507. a gas outlet of the fluidized bed; 508. a high-pressure draught fan; 509. a porous material distribution plate; 510. an eccentric wheel; 511. a stopper; 512. a discharge port of the fluidized bed; 513. a porous guard plate; 6. a cyclone separator; 601. a separator feed inlet; 602. a separator gas outlet; 603. a separator discharge port; 7. a gas storage tank; 701. an air inlet of the air storage tank; 702. a first valve; 703. an air outlet of the air storage tank; 704. a second valve.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance; furthermore, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, as they may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The magnetic separator 2, the crusher 4, the third driving motor 502, the heater 505, the high-pressure fan 506, the high-pressure induced draft fan 508, the cyclone separator 6, the gas storage tank 7 and the like can be obtained by market or private ordering.
In the invention:
referring to fig. 1-4, a fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic garbage device comprises a supporting steel frame 1, a magnetic separator 2 is fixedly connected above the supporting steel frame 1, a magnetic separator feed inlet 201 is integrally arranged at the left end above the magnetic separator 2, a roller 202 is rotatably connected inside the magnetic separator 2, a magnet 203 is fixedly connected inside the roller 202, a non-ferrous garbage discharge outlet 204 is integrally arranged at the right end below the magnetic separator 2, a ferrous garbage discharge outlet 205 is integrally arranged at the left end below the magnetic separator 2, a scraper 206 is fixedly connected at the left side of the steel frame outside the magnetic separator 2, a collecting barrel 207 is fixedly connected below the ferrous garbage discharge outlet 205 and the scraper 206 through the steel frame outside the magnetic separator 2, a first driving motor 208 is fixedly connected at the left side outside the magnetic separator 2 through the supporting steel frame 1, a V-shaped belt conveyor 3 is fixedly connected below the non-ferrous garbage discharge outlet 204 through the supporting steel frame 1, a crusher 4 is arranged below the right end of a V-shaped belt conveyor 3, a crusher feed port 401 is integrally arranged above the crusher 4, a crushing roller 402 is rotatably connected inside the crusher feed port 401, a second driving motor 403 is fixedly connected to the left side outside the crusher 4, a crusher discharge port 404 is integrally arranged at the lower end of the crusher 4, a fluidized bed feed port 501 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the crusher discharge port 404, a third driving motor 502 is fixedly connected to the outside below of the fluidized bed feed port 501, the third driving motor 502 is rotatably connected with a spiral slurry feed 503 through the fluidized bed feed port 501, a fluidized bed 5 is fixedly connected to the right end of the fluidized bed feed port 501, a fluidized bed air inlet 504 is integrally arranged below the fluidized bed 5, a heater 505 is fixedly connected to the below of the fluidized bed air inlet 504 through an air pipe, a high pressure fan 506 is fixedly connected to the left end of the heater 505, and a fluidized bed air outlet 507 is integrally arranged above the fluidized bed 5, a high-pressure draught fan 508 is fixedly connected to the upper right of a gas outlet 507 of the fluidized bed through a gas pipe, a separator feed inlet 601 is fixedly connected to the right end of the high-pressure draught fan 508, a porous material distribution plate 509 is movably connected to the inside of the fluidized bed 5 through a rotating shaft, a stop block 511 is fixedly connected to the left and right ends above the porous material distribution plate 509 through the fluidized bed 5, an eccentric wheel 510 is rotatably connected to the left and right ends below the porous material distribution plate 509 through the fluidized bed 5, a fluidized bed discharge port 512 is integrally arranged on the right side below the fluidized bed 5, a porous protection plate 513 is connected to the left and right sides below the fluidized bed 5, a cyclone separator 6 is integrally arranged at the right end of the separator feed inlet 601, a separator gas outlet 602 is integrally arranged at the right end above the cyclone separator 6, a separator discharge port 603 is integrally arranged at the lower end of the cyclone separator 6, and a gas storage tank 701 is fixedly connected to the separator gas outlet 602 through a gas pipe, the lower end of the air inlet 701 of the air storage tank is integrally provided with an air storage tank 7, the interior of the air inlet 701 of the air storage tank is connected with a first valve 702 in a nested manner, the interior of the right end of the air storage tank 7 is integrally provided with an air outlet 703 of the air storage tank, and the interior of the air outlet 703 of the air storage tank is connected with a second valve 704 in a nested manner.
Further, the left side outside the magnetic separator 2 is fixedly connected with a first driving motor 208 through a supporting steel frame 1, the first driving motor 208 is rotatably connected with a roller 202 of the magnetic separator 2 through a transmission belt, the roller 202 rotates clockwise, the left side of the steel frame outside the magnetic separator 2 is fixedly connected with a scraper 206, the right end of the scraper 206 is attached to the roller 202, when the first driving motor 208 operates to drive the roller 202 of the magnetic separator 2 to rotate, the material is fed into the magnetic separator 2 through the feed port 201 of the magnetic separator, the roller 202 rotates to enable the magnet 203 inside the roller 202 to adsorb the iron garbage in the material on the surface of the roller 202, then, in the process that the roller 202 rotates clockwise, the scraper 206 scrapes off the iron garbage adsorbed on the surface of the roller 202 and enters the collection barrel 207 through the iron garbage outlet 205 for collection, and the non-ferrous garbage falls on the V-shaped belt conveyor 3 through the non-ferrous garbage discharge port 204.
Further, non-iron rubbish discharge gate 204 below is through supporting 1 fixedly connected with "V" type band conveyer 3 of steelframe, 3 outside supporting of V "type band conveyer is provided with driving motor," V "type band conveyer 3's conveyer belt is" V "type and inwards gathers together, and" V "type band conveyer 3 rotates from the left hand right side, when non-iron rubbish then drops on" V "type band conveyer 3 through non-iron rubbish discharge gate 204, it prevents that non-iron rubbish from dropping to be the conveyer belt that" V "type inwards gathered together, then send the material into in rubbing crusher 4 through" V "type band conveyer 3.
Further, the outside left side fixedly connected with second driving motor 403 of rubbing crusher 4, second driving motor 403 also rotates between two crushing rollers 402 through driving belt and rubbing crusher 4 and is connected, when "V" type band conveyer 3 sent the material into rubbing crusher 4 through rubbing crusher feed inlet 401, second driving motor 403 operation drove two crushing rollers 402 to rotate and smash the material, the material after smashing will get into in fluidized bed feed inlet 501 through rubbing crusher discharge gate 404, third driving motor 502 operation drives spiral feed slurry 503 and rotates fast this moment, make the material after smashing get into in fluidized bed 5 through fluidized bed feed inlet 501 fast.
Furthermore, the left end and the right end above the porous material distribution plate 509 are fixedly connected with a check block 511 through a fluidized bed 5, the left end and the right end below the porous material distribution plate 509 are rotatably connected with an eccentric wheel 510 through the fluidized bed 5, a driving motor is arranged outside the fluidized bed 5 in a matching way, the eccentric wheel 510 is rotatably connected with the driving motor arranged outside the fluidized bed 5 in a matching way through a rotating shaft and a driving belt, the number of the porous material distribution plates 509 is five, the five porous material distribution plates 509 are movably connected with two sides inside the fluidized bed 5 in a step shape through the rotating shaft, the check blocks 511 and the eccentric wheels 510 are arranged on the upper parts and the lower parts of two sides of the five porous material distribution plates 509, a porous protection plate 513 is connected on the left side below the fluidized bed 5 in a nested way, the porous protection plate 513 is positioned below the inside of the fluidized bed 5, the density of the porous protection plate 513 is less than that of the porous material distribution plates 509, when the crushed material enters the fluidized bed 5, then the driving motor that 5 outside supporting settings of fluidized bed moved and drives eccentric wheel 510 and rotate the material shake with porous material distribution plate 509 for on the material one-level falls to other four porous material distribution plate 509, the material will flow out from fluidized bed discharge gate 512 at last, and dog 511 is the phenomenon that prevents five porous material distribution plate 509 and take place to overturn by a wide margin at the in-process that is rotated the shake by eccentric wheel 510, and porous protection plate 513 is then carried out the secondary with the tiny material that porous material distribution plate 509 dropped and is accepted the pyrolysis.
Further, a fluidized bed air inlet 504 is integrally arranged below the fluidized bed 5, a fluidized bed air outlet 507 is integrally arranged above the fluidized bed 5, the number of the fluidized bed air inlet 504 and the fluidized bed air outlet 507 is three, and the fluidized bed air inlet 504 and the fluidized bed air outlet 507 are respectively and fixedly connected with a heater 505 and a high-pressure draught fan 508 through air pipes, when the crushed material enters the fluidized bed 5, the crushed material falls on a first porous material distribution plate 509, then a driving motor which is arranged outside the fluidized bed 5 in a matching way operates to drive an eccentric wheel 510 to rotate to shake the material of the porous material distribution plate 509, so that the material falls on the other four porous material distribution plates 509 in a first stage, meanwhile, the heater 505 and the high-pressure fan 506 operate, the high-pressure fan 506 sends hot air generated by the heater 505 into the fluidized bed 5 through the air pipes and the three fluidized bed air inlets 504 at high speed and high pressure, and the material on the porous material distribution plates 509 and the porous protection plates 513 is suspended and dried in the middle hot air flow, the material after the drying flows out through fluidized bed discharge gate 512, the gas that produces at the dry in-process will be sent into cyclone 6 through fluidized bed gas outlet 507 and separator feed inlet 601 and separated the granule impurity of mixing in the gas by high pressure draught fan 508, the gas after the separation will get into the gas holder 7 through separator gas outlet 602 and gas holder air inlet 701 and store in, and the granule impurity after the separation will flow out through separator discharge gate 603, treat that the pyrolysis is accomplished, close gas holder air inlet 701 through first valve 702, when the gas of storing in the gas holder 7 is handled again to needs, the accessible opens second valve 704 and discharges gas.
Further, the first driving motor 208, the "V" type belt conveyor 3, the second driving motor 403, the fluidized bed 5, the third driving motor 502, the heater 505, the high pressure fan 506, the high pressure induced draft fan 508 and the cyclone separator 6 are electrically connected with an external power supply, so as to provide power for the operation of the two.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, a first driving motor 208, a V-shaped belt conveyor 3, a second driving motor 403, a fluidized bed 5, a third driving motor 502, a heater 505, a high-pressure fan 506, a high-pressure induced draft fan 508 and a cyclone separator 6 are electrically connected with an external power supply to provide running power for the first driving motor 208, then when the first driving motor 208 runs to drive a roller 202 of a magnetic separator 2 to rotate, materials are fed into the magnetic separator 2 through a magnetic separator feeding hole 201, the roller 202 rotates to enable a magnet 203 inside the roller 202 to adsorb iron garbage in the materials on the surface of the roller 202, then in the process that the roller 202 rotates clockwise, a scraper 206 scrapes off the iron garbage adsorbed on the surface of the roller 202 and enters a collecting barrel 207 through an iron garbage discharging hole 205 to be collected, and non-iron garbage falls on the V-shaped belt conveyor 3 through a non-iron garbage discharging hole 204, the V-shaped inward gathered conveyer belt prevents non-ferrous garbage from falling, then the V-shaped belt conveyer 3 rotates from left to right to send materials into the crusher 4 through the crusher feed port 401, at the moment, the second driving motor 403 operates to drive the two crushing rollers 402 to rotate to crush the materials, the crushed materials enter the fluidized bed feed port 501 through the crusher discharge port 404, simultaneously, the third driving motor 502 operates to drive the spiral feed slurry 503 to rotate rapidly, so that the crushed materials enter the fluidized bed 5 through the fluidized bed feed port 501 and fall onto the first porous material distribution plate 509, then the driving motor arranged outside the fluidized bed 5 operates to drive the eccentric wheel 510 to rotate to shake the materials of the porous material distribution plate 509, and the baffle 511 prevents the five porous material distribution plates 509 from being turned over greatly in the process of being shaken by the rotation of the eccentric wheel 510, the first grade of the material falls onto the other four porous material distribution plates 509, the porous protection plate 513 carries out secondary pyrolysis on the fine materials falling from the porous material distribution plates 509, meanwhile, the heater 505 and the high-pressure fan 506 operate, the high-pressure fan 506 sends hot gas generated by the heater 505 into the fluidized bed 5 through the gas pipe and the three fluidized bed gas inlets 504 at high speed and high pressure, the materials on the porous material distribution plates 509 and the porous protection plate 513 are dried in a suspension manner in the hot gas flow, the dried materials flow out through a fluidized bed discharge port 512, gas generated in the drying process is sent into the cyclone separator 6 through the fluidized bed gas outlet 507 and the separator feed port 601 by the high-pressure draught fan 508 to separate particle impurities mixed in the gas, and the separated gas enters the gas storage tank 7 through the separator gas outlet 602 and the gas storage tank gas inlet 701 to be stored, and the particle impurity after the separation will flow out through separator discharge gate 603, treat that the pyrolysis is accomplished, close gas holder air inlet 701 through first valve 702, when the gas of storing in the gas holder 7 is handled again to needs, the accessible is opened second valve 704 and is discharged gas, handles thoroughly rural domestic waste at last in whole in-process, and the pyrolysis is complete, and is efficient, provides convenience for rural domestic waste's processing, but wide application in various rural domestic waste's pyrolysis.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a rural domestic waste equipment of fluidized bed pyrolysis, includes support steelframe (1), its characterized in that: support steelframe (1) top fixedly connected with magnet separator (2), magnet separator (2) top left end integration is provided with magnet separator feed inlet (201), magnet separator (2) inside rotation is connected with cylinder (202), the inside fixedly connected with magnet (203) of cylinder (202), magnet separator (2) below right-hand member integration is provided with non-iron rubbish discharge gate (204), magnet separator (2) below left end integration is provided with iron rubbish discharge gate (205), magnet separator (2) outside steelframe left side fixedly connected with scraper blade (206), iron rubbish discharge gate (205) and scraper blade (206) below are through magnet separator (2) outside steelframe fixedly connected with collecting vessel (207), and the outside left side of magnet separator (2) is through supporting steelframe (1) first driving motor (208) of fixedly connected with, non-iron rubbish discharge gate (204) below is through supporting steelframe (1) fixedly connected with "V" type belt (207) Conveyor (3), rubbing crusher (4) is provided with below "V" type band conveyer (3) right-hand member, rubbing crusher (4) top integration is provided with rubbing crusher feed inlet (401), rubbing crusher feed inlet (401) inside is rotated and is connected with crushing roller (402), rubbing crusher (4) outside left side fixedly connected with second driving motor (403), rubbing crusher (4) lower extreme integration is provided with rubbing crusher discharge gate (404), rubbing crusher discharge gate (404) lower extreme fixedly connected with fluidized bed feed inlet (501), fluidized bed feed inlet (501) below outside fixedly connected with third driving motor (502), third driving motor (502) runs through fluidized bed feed inlet (501) and is rotated and is connected with spiral and send ground paste (503), fluidized bed feed inlet (501) right-hand member fixedly connected with fluidized bed (5), the fluidized bed (5) below integration is provided with fluidized bed air inlet (504), fluidized bed air inlet (504) below is through trachea fixedly connected with heater (505), heater (505) left end fixedly connected with high pressure positive blower (506), fluidized bed (5) top integration is provided with fluidized bed gas outlet (507), fluidized bed gas outlet (507) upper right side is through trachea fixedly connected with high pressure draught fan (508), high pressure draught fan (508) right-hand member fixedly connected with separator feed inlet (601), fluidized bed (5) inside has porous material distribution plate (509) through pivot swing joint, both ends are through fluidized bed (5) fixedly connected with dog (511) about porous material distribution plate (509) top, both ends are connected with eccentric wheel (510) through fluidized bed (5) rotation about porous material distribution plate (509) below, a fluidized bed discharge port (512) is integrally arranged at the right side below the fluidized bed (5), a porous protection plate (513) is connected to the left side of the lower part of the fluidized bed (5) in a nested manner, a cyclone separator (6) is integrally arranged at the right end of the separator feeding port (601), a separator air outlet (602) is integrally arranged at the right end above the cyclone separator (6), the lower end of the cyclone separator (6) is integrally provided with a separator discharge hole (603), the separator air outlet (602) is fixedly connected with an air inlet (701) of an air storage tank through an air pipe, the lower end of the air inlet (701) of the air storage tank is integrally provided with the air storage tank (7), a first valve (702) is connected in the air inlet (701) of the air storage tank in a nested manner, a gas storage tank gas outlet (703) is integrally arranged below the right end of the gas storage tank (7), a second valve (704) is connected to the inside of the air outlet (703) of the air storage tank in an embedded and linked manner;
both ends are connected with dog (511) through fluidized bed (5) fixedly about porous material distribution board (509), both ends are rotated through fluidized bed (5) and are connected with eccentric wheel (510) about porous material distribution board (509) below, the supporting driving motor that is provided with in fluidized bed (5) outside, eccentric wheel (510) are connected with rotating between the supporting driving motor that sets up in fluidized bed (5) outside through pivot and driving belt, the quantity of porous material distribution board (509) is five, five porous material distribution board (509) are the echelonment and pass through pivot swing joint in fluidized bed (5) inside both sides, five porous material distribution board (509) both sides are provided with dog (511) and eccentric wheel (510) from top to bottom, the left nested connection in fluidized bed (5) below has porous guard plate (513), porous guard plate (513) are located fluidized bed (5) inside below, and the density of the porous protection plate (513) is less than that of the porous material distribution plate (509).
2. The fluidized bed rural domestic waste pyrolysis apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the magnetic separator (2) outside left side is through supporting the first driving motor (208) of steelframe (1) fixedly connected with, rotate through driving belt between the cylinder (202) of first driving motor (208) and magnetic separator (2) and be connected, cylinder (202) are clockwise rotation, magnetic separator (2) outside steelframe left side fixedly connected with scraper blade (206), scraper blade (206) right-hand member and cylinder (202) laminating.
3. The fluidized bed rural domestic waste pyrolysis apparatus of claim 1, wherein: non-iron rubbish discharge gate (204) below is through supporting steelframe (1) fixedly connected with "V" type band conveyer (3), the supporting driving motor that is provided with in "V" type band conveyer (3) outside, the conveyer belt of "V" type band conveyer (3) is "V" type and inwards gathers together, just "V" type band conveyer (3) are from the left hand right side rotation.
4. The fluidized bed rural domestic waste pyrolysis apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the left side of the outer portion of the pulverizer (4) is fixedly connected with a second driving motor (403), and the second driving motor (403) is also connected with the two pulverizing rollers (402) of the pulverizer (4) in a rotating mode through a transmission belt.
5. The fluidized bed rural domestic waste pyrolysis apparatus of claim 1, wherein: fluidized bed (5) below integration is provided with fluidized bed air inlet (504), fluidized bed (5) top integration is provided with fluidized bed gas outlet (507), the quantity of fluidized bed air inlet (504) and fluidized bed gas outlet (507) is three, and all through the trachea respectively with heater (505) and high-pressure draught fan (508) fixed connection.
6. The fluidized bed rural domestic waste pyrolysis apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the first driving motor (208), the V-shaped belt conveyor (3), the second driving motor (403), the fluidized bed (5), the third driving motor (502), the heater (505), the high-pressure fan (506), the high-pressure induced draft fan (508) and the cyclone separator (6) are electrically connected with an external power supply.
CN202010113218.3A 2020-02-24 2020-02-24 Fluidized bed pyrolysis rural domestic waste equipment Active CN111286347B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101508915A (en) * 2009-03-17 2009-08-19 上海惠生化工工程有限公司 Gasifying device for liquid fuel or solid fuel aqueous slurry
WO2011143718A1 (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-11-24 Errol John Smith Biochar-coke produced in an energy efficient manner
CN207313530U (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-05-04 榆林煤化工产业促进中心 A kind of staged mixed coal low temperature distillation uniform distribution device
CN207372026U (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-05-18 济宁恒翼环保科技有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste on fluidized bed microwave-heating device
CN208562102U (en) * 2018-06-14 2019-03-01 陕西煤业化工技术研究院有限责任公司 A kind of sewage sludge gas heat carrier classification low temperature pyrogenation system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101508915A (en) * 2009-03-17 2009-08-19 上海惠生化工工程有限公司 Gasifying device for liquid fuel or solid fuel aqueous slurry
WO2011143718A1 (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-11-24 Errol John Smith Biochar-coke produced in an energy efficient manner
CN207313530U (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-05-04 榆林煤化工产业促进中心 A kind of staged mixed coal low temperature distillation uniform distribution device
CN207372026U (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-05-18 济宁恒翼环保科技有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste on fluidized bed microwave-heating device
CN208562102U (en) * 2018-06-14 2019-03-01 陕西煤业化工技术研究院有限责任公司 A kind of sewage sludge gas heat carrier classification low temperature pyrogenation system

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