CN111245357B - Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel - Google Patents

Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111245357B
CN111245357B CN202010177427.4A CN202010177427A CN111245357B CN 111245357 B CN111245357 B CN 111245357B CN 202010177427 A CN202010177427 A CN 202010177427A CN 111245357 B CN111245357 B CN 111245357B
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity
lifting
rotating
belt wheel
gear
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CN202010177427.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111245357A (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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ZHEJIANG SINOPOLY MATERIALS Co.,Ltd.
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Zhejiang Sinopoly Materials Co ltd
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Publication of CN111245357A publication Critical patent/CN111245357A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/12Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/30Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools by movement of cleaning members over a surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/20Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for linear movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/48Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with three or more rotation axes or with multiple degrees of freedom
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a protective device for a solar photovoltaic panel, which comprises a machine body, wherein a lifting cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the machine body, a sliding cavity penetrating through the lifting cavity is arranged at the top end of the machine body, a sealing mechanism is arranged in the sliding cavity, a solar photovoltaic panel is arranged in the lifting cavity, a cleaning mechanism is arranged above the solar photovoltaic panel, and a rotary swing mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the solar photovoltaic panel. To improve the absorption of solar energy.

Description

Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of absorption and utilization of solar radiation, in particular to a protection device for a solar photovoltaic panel.
Background
The energy source of solar energy is energy source (mainly solar energy) from celestial bodies outside the earth, and is huge energy released by fusion of hydrogen atomic nuclei in the sun at ultrahigh temperature, and most of energy required by human beings is directly or indirectly from the sun. Solar photovoltaic power generation refers to a power generation mode of directly converting light energy into electric energy without a thermal process. Photovoltaic power generation is a direct power generation method that utilizes a solar-grade semiconductor electronic device to effectively absorb solar radiation energy and convert the solar radiation energy into electric energy, and is the mainstream of current solar power generation. Therefore, the solar photovoltaic panel directly influences the photoelectric conversion efficiency, and the existing solar photovoltaic panel can accumulate a lot of dust and is difficult to clean when exposed outside for a long time, so that the solar photovoltaic panel can not protect the solar absorption efficiency when the weather is bad and the rain falls, and the service life of the solar photovoltaic panel can be influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a protection device for solar photovoltaic panels, which overcomes the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art.
The protection device for the solar photovoltaic panel comprises a machine body, wherein a lifting cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the machine body, a sliding cavity penetrating through the lifting cavity is arranged at the top end of the machine body, a sealing mechanism is arranged in the sliding cavity, the solar photovoltaic panel is arranged in the lifting cavity, a cleaning mechanism is arranged above the solar photovoltaic panel, a rotary swing mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the solar photovoltaic panel, a lifting mechanism is arranged at the bottom end of the lifting cavity and used for lifting the solar photovoltaic panel, a first belt wheel cavity is arranged at the left end of the lifting cavity, two dust suction heads are communicated at the lower end of the lifting cavity, the dust suction heads are communicated through dust suction pipes, a dust collection cavity is fixedly arranged on the bottom wall in the machine body and communicated with the dust suction pipes through dust inlet holes, and a dust collector is arranged in the dust inlet holes, the dust collector works to suck the garbage on the bottom wall of the lifting cavity through the dust collection head, the dust collection cavity is collected, the right end of the lifting cavity is provided with a driven cavity, the upper end of the driven cavity is provided with a rotating cavity, the machine body is internally provided with a rack cavity which runs through the driven cavity and the rotating cavity, and the right end of the rotating cavity is provided with a meshing cavity.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the sealing mechanism comprises sliding rails which are bilaterally symmetrical and fixedly arranged on the bottom wall in the sliding cavity, a sealing plate which is symmetrical front and back is arranged on the sliding rails in a sliding mode, a first rack is fixedly arranged at the right end of the sealing plate positioned on the front side, a second rack is fixedly arranged at the right end of the sealing plate positioned on the rear side, a gear shaft is rotatably arranged in the sliding cavity and the meshing cavity, a first gear meshed with the first rack and the second rack is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft in the sliding cavity, and a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft in the meshing cavity.
On the basis of the technical scheme, rotation that clean mechanism includes the front and back symmetry is installed threaded rod in the wall body about the lift chamber, screw-thread fit's the slider that is equipped with around on the threaded rod, the fixed brush that is equipped with between the slider, it can clean the brush to remove about the brush solar photovoltaic board surface, the threaded rod extends to left first band pulley intracavity, the front side fixed being equipped with first band pulley on the threaded rod, the rear side fixed being equipped with the second band pulley on the threaded rod, the second band pulley with first band pulley passes through first belt power and connects, and the front side the threaded rod runs through left first band pulley chamber and with fixed mounting first motor power in the organism is connected.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the rotary swing mechanism comprises a lifting block arranged in the lifting cavity, a second belt wheel cavity is arranged in the lifting block, a power cavity is arranged at the lower end of the second belt wheel cavity, a power shaft which downwards penetrates through the power cavity is arranged in the power cavity, the lower end of the power shaft is in power connection with a second motor fixedly arranged in the lifting block, a half gear and a rotary table are fixedly arranged on the power shaft in the power cavity, a half gear ring is arranged on the inner ring of the rotary table, the power shaft upwards extends into the second belt wheel cavity and is fixedly provided with a third belt wheel, a driving shaft which upwards penetrates through the second belt wheel cavity is arranged in the lifting block in a rotating mode, the driving shaft downwards extends into the power cavity and is fixedly provided with a second gear which is meshed with the half gear and the rotary table, and a rotating sleeve which upwards penetrates through the second belt wheel cavity is arranged on the driving shaft in a rotating mode, the solar photovoltaic panel is characterized in that a fourth belt wheel is fixedly arranged on the rotating sleeve in the second belt wheel cavity, a second belt is connected between the fourth belt wheel and the third belt wheel, a rotating frame is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the rotating sleeve, a driving shaft penetrates upwards through the tail end of the rotating frame, a second bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the left end wall and the right end wall of the rotating frame, a swinging shaft is rotatably arranged on the left end wall and the right end wall of the rotating frame, a third bevel gear meshed with the second bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the swinging shaft, a supporting rod is fixedly arranged on the swinging shaft, and the upper end of the.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the lifting mechanism comprises a base fixedly arranged on the inner bottom wall of the lifting cavity, threaded blocks are symmetrically arranged on the base in a sliding manner, a first connecting rod is hinged to the threaded block on the right side, a second connecting rod is hinged to the threaded block on the left side, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are hinged in a crossed manner through rotating rods, the other ends of the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are rotatably arranged on the lower bottom wall of the lifting block, a lead screw is matched between the threaded blocks in a threaded manner and provided with threads with opposite ends, the lead screw extends rightwards into the driven cavity and is fixedly provided with a third gear, a third rack meshed with the third gear is slidably arranged in the rack cavity, the upper end of the third rack is fixedly connected with an air cylinder arranged in the machine body, and a rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the rotating cavity and the meshing cavity, and a fourth gear meshed with the third rack is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft in the rotating cavity, and a fourth bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft in the meshing cavity.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: this device a protection device for solar photovoltaic board simple structure realizes full-automatic, and the function is abundant, has set up and has rotated and wobbling mechanism, makes the better absorption solar energy of photovoltaic board, improves its efficiency, is equipped with elevating system simultaneously, rains, stretches into in the organism with it when weather is bad, prevents that the rainwater from influencing its life-span, is equipped with clean mechanism in the device in addition, can make a round trip to clean the dust on photovoltaic board surface, improves the absorption rate to solar energy.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a protection device for a solar photovoltaic panel according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "A-A" of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "B-B" of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of "C" of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "D-D" of fig. 4.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to fig. 1-5, for convenience of description, the following orientations will now be defined: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below correspond to the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relationship of fig. 1 itself.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a protection device for a solar photovoltaic panel according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a machine body 10, a lifting cavity 12 with an upward opening is disposed in the machine body 10, a sliding cavity 26 penetrating through the lifting cavity 12 is disposed at a top end of the machine body 10, a sealing mechanism is disposed in the sliding cavity 26, a solar photovoltaic panel 20 is disposed in the lifting cavity 12, a cleaning mechanism is disposed above the solar photovoltaic panel 20, a rotary swing mechanism is disposed at a lower end of the solar photovoltaic panel 20, a lifting mechanism is disposed at a bottom end of the lifting cavity 12, the lifting mechanism is configured to lift the solar photovoltaic panel 20, a first pulley cavity 17 is disposed at a left end of the lifting cavity 12, two dust collection heads 11 are disposed at a lower end of the lifting cavity 12, the dust collection heads 11 are communicated with each other through a dust collection pipe 44, a dust collection cavity 43 is fixedly disposed on an inner bottom wall, the dust collection cavity 43 and the dust collection pipe 44 are communicated through the dust inlet hole 42, a dust collector 41 is arranged in the dust inlet hole 42, the dust collector 41 sucks the garbage on the bottom wall in the lifting cavity 12 through the dust collection head 11 to collect the dust collection cavity 43, the right end of the lifting cavity 12 is provided with the driven cavity 37, the upper end of the driven cavity 37 is provided with the rotating cavity 34, the machine body 10 is internally provided with the rack cavity 36 which runs through the driven cavity 37 and the rotating cavity 34, and the right end of the rotating cavity 34 is provided with the meshing cavity 31.
Advantageously, the closing mechanism includes slide rails 23 fixed on the inner bottom wall of the sliding cavity 26 in a bilateral symmetry manner, a front-back symmetric closing plate 21 is slidably disposed on the slide rails 23, a first rack 24 is fixedly disposed at the right end of the closing plate 21 located on the front side, a second rack 27 is fixedly disposed at the right end of the closing plate 21 located on the rear side, a gear shaft 28 is rotatably disposed in the sliding cavity 26 and the meshing cavity 31, a first gear 25 meshed with the first rack 24 and the second rack 27 is fixedly disposed on the gear shaft 28 in the sliding cavity 26, and a first bevel gear 29 is fixedly disposed on the gear shaft 28 in the meshing cavity 31.
Beneficially, clean mechanism includes that the rotation of longitudinal symmetry is installed threaded rod 19 in the wall body about lift chamber 12, screw-thread fit is equipped with slider 18 around on threaded rod 19, the fixed brush 13 that is equipped with between slider 18, it can clean the surface of solar photovoltaic board 20 to remove about brush 13, threaded rod 19 extends to left in the first band pulley chamber 17, the front side fixed be equipped with first band pulley 16 on the threaded rod 19, the rear side fixed be equipped with second band pulley 55 on the threaded rod 19, second band pulley 55 with first band pulley 16 passes through first belt 14 power connection, the front side threaded rod 19 runs through left first band pulley chamber 17 and with fixed mounting first motor 15 power connection in the organism 10.
Advantageously, the rotary swing mechanism comprises a lifting block 53 disposed in the lifting cavity 12, a second pulley cavity 58 is disposed in the lifting block 53, a power cavity 56 is disposed at a lower end of the second pulley cavity 58, a power shaft 57 penetrating the power cavity 56 downwards is rotatably disposed in the power cavity 56, a lower end of the power shaft 57 is in power connection with a second motor 65 fixedly disposed in the lifting block 53, a half gear 64 and a rotary table 66 are fixedly disposed on the power shaft 57 in the power cavity 56, a half gear ring 67 is disposed inside the rotary table 66, the power shaft 57 extends upwards into the second pulley cavity 58 and is fixedly provided with a third pulley 59, a driving shaft 62 penetrating the second pulley cavity 58 upwards is rotatably disposed in the lifting block 53, the driving shaft 62 extends downwards into the power cavity 56 and is fixedly provided with a second gear 63 engaged with the half gear 64 and the rotary table 66, the driving shaft 62 is rotatably provided with a rotating sleeve 52 which upwards penetrates through the second belt wheel cavity 58, a fourth belt wheel 61 is fixedly arranged on the rotating sleeve 52 in the second belt wheel cavity 58, a second belt 60 is connected between the fourth belt wheel 61 and the third belt wheel 59, the upper end of the rotating sleeve 52 is fixedly provided with a rotating frame 47, the driving shaft 62 upwards penetrates through the tail end of the rotating frame 47 and is fixedly provided with a second bevel gear 51, the left end wall and the right end wall of the rotating frame 47 are rotatably provided with swinging shafts 48, the swinging shafts 48 are fixedly provided with third bevel gears 50 which are meshed with the second bevel gears 51, the swinging shafts 48 are fixedly provided with supporting rods 49, and the upper ends of the supporting rods 49 are fixedly connected with the solar photovoltaic panel 20.
Beneficially, the lifting mechanism includes a base 40 fixedly disposed on the bottom wall of the lifting cavity 12, a threaded block 69 is slidably disposed on the base 40 in bilateral symmetry, a first connecting rod 46 is hinged on the threaded block 69 on the right side, a second connecting rod 54 is hinged on the threaded block 69 on the left side, the first connecting rod 46 and the second connecting rod 54 are hinged in a crossed manner through a rotating rod 45, the other ends of the first connecting rod 46 and the second connecting rod 54 are rotatably mounted on the lower bottom wall of the lifting block 53, a screw rod 39 is in threaded fit between the threaded blocks 69, threads with opposite ends are disposed on the screw rod 39, the screw rod 39 extends rightwards into the driven cavity 37 and is fixedly provided with a third gear 38, a third rack 35 engaged with the third gear 38 is slidably disposed in the rack cavity 36, and the upper end of the third rack 35 is fixedly connected with the cylinder 22 mounted in the lifting cavity 10, a rotating shaft 32 is rotatably arranged between the rotating cavity 34 and the meshing cavity 31, a fourth gear 33 meshed with the third rack 35 is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft 32 in the rotating cavity 34, and a fourth bevel gear 30 meshed with the first bevel gear 29 is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft 32 in the meshing cavity 31.
The following describes in detail the use steps of a protection device for solar photovoltaic panels in the present text with reference to fig. 1 to 5:
in an initial state, the first motor 15 and the second motor 65 are both in a closed state, the solar photovoltaic panel 20 is located in the lifting cavity 12, the lifting cavity 12 is closed by the front and back symmetric closing plates 21, the cylinder 22 is in a shortened state, the third rack 35 is located at the top end of the rack cavity 36, the half gear ring 67 in the rotary table 66 is meshed with the second gear 63, and the half gear 64 is disengaged from the second gear 63.
When solar energy needs to be absorbed, the driving cylinder 22 works to extend, so that the driving cylinder drives the third rack 35 to move downwards, the fourth gear 33 engaged with the third rack to rotate, the rotating shaft 32 to rotate, the fourth bevel gear 30 to rotate, the first bevel gear 29 engaged with the fourth bevel gear to rotate, the first bevel gear 29 to rotate and drive the gear shaft 28 to rotate, the first gear 25 to rotate, the first rack 24 engaged with the first gear to move forwards, the second rack 27 to move backwards, the closing plate 21 to move forwards and backwards on the sliding rail 23 to open the lifting chamber 12, after the lifting chamber 12 is opened, the cylinder 22 continues to extend, the third rack 35 is disengaged from the fourth gear 33, the third rack 35 continues to move downwards into the driven chamber 37 and is engaged with the third gear 38 to drive the third gear 38 to rotate, the third gear 38 rotates and drives the screw rod 39 to rotate, the rotation of the screw rod 39 drives the first connecting rod 46 and the second connecting rod 54 to rotate, so as to jack up the lifting block 53, so as to drive the solar photovoltaic panel 20 to ascend to the outside of the lifting cavity 12, so that the solar photovoltaic panel 20 absorbs solar energy outside the machine body 10, and at the moment, the cylinder 22 stops extending;
at this time, the second motor 65 is turned on to drive the power shaft 57 to rotate, the rotation of the power shaft 57 drives the third belt wheel 59 to rotate, the fourth belt wheel 61 is driven to rotate by the second belt 60, so as to drive the rotating sleeve 52 to rotate, the rotating frame 47 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the rotating sleeve 52, so as to drive the solar photovoltaic panel 20 to move in a left circular manner, meanwhile, the half gear 64 and the rotating disc 66 fixed on the power shaft 57 start to rotate, at this time, the rotating disc 66 rotates to drive the half gear ring 67 of the inner ring to rotate, so as to drive the second gear 63 engaged therewith to rotate clockwise, so as to drive the driving shaft 62 to rotate clockwise, the third bevel gear 50 engaged therewith drives the swinging shaft 48 to rotate, so as to drive the solar photovoltaic panel 20 to swing forward, the power shaft 57 continues to rotate, so that the half gear ring 67 is disengaged from the second gear 63, at this time, the half, the second gear 63 is driven to rotate anticlockwise, so that the driving shaft 62 rotates anticlockwise and further drives the solar photovoltaic panel 20 to swing backwards, and the solar photovoltaic panel 20 swings forwards and backwards and moves circularly repeatedly, so that the solar photovoltaic panel 20 can absorb solar energy in all directions;
when the weather is bad and no sun exists, the air cylinder 22 is contracted to drive the third rack 35 to move upwards so as to drive the third gear 38 to rotate reversely, so that the lifting block 53 moves downwards to drive the solar photovoltaic panel 20 to move downwards into the lifting cavity 12, at the moment, the third rack 35 continues to move upwards to be disengaged from the third gear 38 and is meshed with the fourth gear 33, the fourth gear 33 is driven to rotate reversely, so that the first gear 25 is driven to rotate reversely, so that the first rack 24 meshed with the first gear is driven to move backwards, the second rack 27 moves forwards, so that the sealing plate 21 is driven to close the lifting cavity 12, at the moment, the third rack 35 moves to the top end of the rack cavity 36, and the air cylinder 22 stops contracting;
when the solar photovoltaic panel 20 needs to be cleaned, the solar photovoltaic panel 20 is located in the lifting cavity 12, the first motor 15 is started at the moment, the threaded rod 19 is adjusted to rotate, the threaded rod 19 on the rear side is driven to rotate through the first belt 14, the sliding block 18 in threaded fit with the threaded rod moves rightwards, the hairbrush 13 is driven to move rightwards, the first motor 15 is reversely started, the hairbrush 13 moves leftwards, the hairbrush 13 cleans the upper surface of the solar photovoltaic panel 20 leftwards and rightwards in a reciprocating mode, garbage and dust on the solar photovoltaic panel 20 fall to the bottom end of the lifting cavity 12, the dust collector 41 is started, the garbage and dust are sucked into the dust collecting cavity 43 through the dust collecting head 11 and collected, and the first motor 15 is closed after cleaning is finished.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and scope of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a protection device for solar photovoltaic board, includes the organism, its characterized in that: a machine body, a lifting cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the machine body, a sliding cavity penetrating through the lifting cavity is arranged at the top end of the machine body, a sealing mechanism is arranged in the sliding cavity, a solar photovoltaic panel is arranged in the lifting cavity, a cleaning mechanism is arranged above the solar photovoltaic panel, a rotary swing mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the solar photovoltaic panel, a lifting mechanism is arranged at the bottom end of the lifting cavity, the lifting mechanism realizes the lifting of the solar photovoltaic panel, a first pulley cavity is arranged at the left end of the lifting cavity, two dust suction heads are communicated with the lower end of the lifting cavity and are communicated with each other through a dust suction pipe, a dust collection cavity is fixedly arranged on the bottom wall in the machine body and is communicated with the dust suction pipe through a dust inlet hole, a dust collector is arranged in the dust inlet hole, and the dust collector sucks the garbage on the bottom wall in the lifting cavity into the dust collection cavity through, a driven cavity is arranged at the right end of the lifting cavity, a rotating cavity is arranged at the upper end of the driven cavity, a rack cavity penetrating through the driven cavity and the rotating cavity is arranged in the machine body, and a meshing cavity is arranged at the right end of the rotating cavity; the sealing mechanism comprises sliding rails which are bilaterally symmetrical and fixedly arranged on the inner bottom wall of the sliding cavity, sealing plates which are bilaterally symmetrical are arranged on the sliding rails in a sliding mode, a first rack is fixedly arranged at the right end of the sealing plate positioned on the front side, a second rack is fixedly arranged at the right end of the sealing plate positioned on the rear side, a gear shaft is rotatably arranged in the sliding cavity and the meshing cavity, a first gear meshed with the first rack and the second rack is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft in the sliding cavity, and a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft in the meshing cavity; the cleaning mechanism comprises threaded rods which are symmetrically arranged in the left wall body and the right wall body of the lifting cavity in a front-back mode and are rotatably arranged in the left wall body and the right wall body of the lifting cavity, sliding blocks are arranged on the threaded rods in a front-back threaded fit mode, a hairbrush is fixedly arranged between the sliding blocks, the surface of the solar photovoltaic panel can be cleaned by moving the hairbrush left and right, the threaded rods extend leftwards to the inner side of the first belt wheel cavity, a first belt wheel is fixedly arranged on the threaded rod on the front side, a second belt wheel is fixedly arranged on the threaded rod on the rear side, the second belt wheel is connected with the first belt wheel through first belt power, and the threaded rod on the front side penetrates leftwards through; the rotary swing mechanism comprises a lifting block arranged in the lifting cavity, a second belt wheel cavity is arranged in the lifting block, a power cavity is arranged at the lower end of the second belt wheel cavity, a power shaft which downwards penetrates through the power cavity is arranged in the power cavity in a rotating mode, the lower end of the power shaft is in power connection with a second motor fixedly arranged in the lifting block, a half gear and a rotary table are fixedly arranged on the power shaft in the power cavity, a half gear ring is arranged on the inner ring of the rotary table, the power shaft upwards extends into the second belt wheel cavity and is fixedly provided with a third belt wheel, a driving shaft which upwards penetrates through the second belt wheel cavity is arranged in the lifting block in a rotating mode, the driving shaft downwards extends into the power cavity and is fixedly provided with a second gear which is meshed with the half gear and the rotary table, and a rotating sleeve which upwards penetrates through the second belt wheel cavity is arranged on the driving shaft in a rotating, the solar photovoltaic panel is characterized in that a fourth belt wheel is fixedly arranged on the rotating sleeve in the second belt wheel cavity, a second belt is connected between the fourth belt wheel and the third belt wheel, a rotating frame is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the rotating sleeve, a driving shaft penetrates upwards through the tail end of the rotating frame, a second bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the left end wall and the right end wall of the rotating frame, a swinging shaft is rotatably arranged on the left end wall and the right end wall of the rotating frame, a third bevel gear meshed with the second bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the swinging shaft, a supporting rod is fixedly arranged on the swinging shaft, and the upper end of the.
2. The protection device for solar photovoltaic panels according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lifting mechanism comprises a base fixedly arranged on the inner bottom wall of the lifting cavity, threaded blocks are symmetrically arranged on the base in a sliding manner, a first connecting rod is hinged on the threaded block on the right side, a second connecting rod is hinged on the threaded block on the left side, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are hinged in a crossed manner through rotating rods, the other ends of the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are rotatably arranged on the lower bottom wall of the lifting block, a screw rod is matched between the threaded blocks in a threaded manner, threads with opposite ends are arranged on the screw rod, the screw rod extends rightwards into the driven cavity and is fixedly provided with a third gear, a third rack meshed with the third gear is arranged in the rack cavity in a sliding manner, the upper end of the third rack is fixedly connected with an air cylinder arranged in the machine body, and a rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the rotating cavity and the meshing cavity, and a fourth gear meshed with the third rack is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft in the rotating cavity, and a fourth bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft in the meshing cavity.
CN202010177427.4A 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel Active CN111245357B (en)

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CN111641145B (en) * 2020-07-14 2021-11-30 江苏惠泽润尔能源科技有限公司 Rain-proof, hail-proof solar power distribution cabinet
CN112234931B (en) * 2020-08-18 2021-09-28 国网甘肃省电力公司营销服务中心 Solar panel device capable of being automatically cleaned
CN112090804A (en) * 2020-10-09 2020-12-18 宁波市嗷格电子科技有限公司 Washable solar power generation equipment
CN112583345B (en) * 2021-01-06 2022-05-03 广东创益新能源电力有限公司 Outdoor photovoltaic solar panel self-protection device
CN112941522A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-06-11 武汉理工大学 Satellite-based cathode protection system
CN112992480B (en) * 2021-02-04 2022-03-25 广东力王高新科技股份有限公司 High-efficient heat abstractor of planar transformer
WO2022241697A1 (en) * 2021-05-19 2022-11-24 台州舒诚科技有限公司 Apparatus capable of automatically cleaning and protecting solar panel
CN113472287B (en) * 2021-07-09 2022-09-02 安徽厚诚科技有限公司 Solar photovoltaic panel protection device with cleaning function
CN115589200B (en) * 2022-08-29 2023-10-10 苏州吉弘能源科技有限公司 Heat dissipation type solar photovoltaic power generation equipment

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MA39353B1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-06-29 Majid Elbouazzaoui Intelligent device for the automatic orientation change of a photovoltaic panel
CN207251543U (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-04-17 南京菱亚汽车技术研究院 A kind of photovoltaic power generation equipment with rain-proof and cleaning function based on Internet of Things
CN207382232U (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-05-18 南京菱亚汽车技术研究院 A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function
CN207563326U (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-07-03 西南交通大学 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device

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