CN207382232U - A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function - Google Patents

A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207382232U
CN207382232U CN201721253649.XU CN201721253649U CN207382232U CN 207382232 U CN207382232 U CN 207382232U CN 201721253649 U CN201721253649 U CN 201721253649U CN 207382232 U CN207382232 U CN 207382232U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
gear
solar
cleaning function
shell
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CN201721253649.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁川
Original Assignee
南京菱亚汽车技术研究院
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Priority to CN201721253649.XU priority Critical patent/CN207382232U/en
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Publication of CN207382232U publication Critical patent/CN207382232U/en

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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function, a kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function, including shell, elevating mechanism, adjusting mechanism, wiper mechanism and solar panels;Adjusting mechanism includes support platform, 3rd motor, supporting rod and two adjustment units, wiper mechanism includes rotary unit and brush scrubbing unit, this has the device of solar generating of automatic adjustment and cleaning function, pass through the cooperation of elevating mechanism and adjusting mechanism, it can realize the accurate angle adjusted and automatically adjust solar panels to solar panels height, so as to adapt to the conversion in solar radiation direction, add generated energy, improve generating efficiency, pass through the cooperation of elevating mechanism and wiper mechanism, it can realize periodic cleaning solar panel, remove the dust of solar panels surface accumulation, keep the cleaning of solar panels, improve generating efficiency, add the practicability of whole device.

Description

A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function

Technical field

It is more particularly to a kind of that there is automatic adjustment and cleaning function the utility model is related to steam-electric power plant field Device of solar generating.

Background technology

Solar power generation is that luminous energy is directly translated into one kind of electric energy using the photovoltaic effect of interface Technology.Solar cell carries out packaging protection after series connection can form the solar module of large area, then matches somebody with somebody and close power The components such as controller are formed device of solar generating.The advantages of solar power generation be safe and reliable, noiseless, it is radiationless, Low fuel, mechanical rotating part, failure rate, long lifespan need not be consumed, environmental protection is beautiful, is limited from geographical location, builds week Phase is short, scale is random, dismounting is simple, conveniently moving.

But the generating efficiency of steam-electric power plant is mainly by local sunshine situation, solar radiation intensity and solar radiation The influence in direction, and dust is easily accumulated on the surface of solar panel, causes the decrease in power generation efficiency of solar panel, If solar panel can automatically adjust angle to adapt to the conversion in solar radiation direction, solar energy can be greatlyd improve The generating efficiency of generating equipment, and if periodically removing the dust of solar power generation plate surface, keep solar panel Cleaning can also improve the generating efficiency of whole equipment.

Utility model content

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:It is a kind of with automatic in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide Adjust the device of solar generating with cleaning function.

Technical solution is used by the utility model solves its technical problem:One kind has automatic adjustment and cleaning function Device of solar generating, including shell, elevating mechanism, adjusting mechanism, wiper mechanism and solar panels, the elevating mechanism is consolidated Determine inside the shell, the adjusting mechanism is located at the top of elevating mechanism, and the wiper mechanism is located at elevating mechanism one side, the liter Descending mechanism is sequentially connected with adjusting mechanism, and the adjusting mechanism, which is arranged on the lower section of solar panels and is driven with solar panels, to be connected It connects;

The adjusting mechanism include support platform, the 3rd motor, supporting rod and two adjustment units, the 3rd motor and Two adjustment units are respectively positioned in support platform, two adjustment units respectively be located at the 3rd motor both sides, the described 3rd The output shaft of motor is sequentially connected with supporting rod, and the top of the supporting rod and the middle-end of solar panels are hinged;

The adjustment unit includes the 4th motor, driving wheel and rope, and the 4th motor is sequentially connected with driving wheel, institute The one end for stating rope is set on the drive wheel, and the other end of the rope is fixed on solar panels;

The wiper mechanism includes rotary unit and brush scrubbing unit, and the rotary unit is set inside the shell, the scrub Unit is located at the one side of rotary unit, and the brush scrubbing unit is sequentially connected with rotary unit;

The rotary unit includes the first motor, first gear and half gear, and first motor is vertically provided at shell Inside, first motor and first gear are sequentially connected, and the shape of half gear is semi-circumferential, the first gear with Half gear engages;

The brush scrubbing unit includes the second rack, connecting rod, brush board, the 5th motor and the 3rd gear, the 5th motor It sets inside the housing, the 5th motor is connected with the 3rd gear drive, and the 3rd gear is engaged with the second rack, described One end of second rack is fixedly connected with half gear, and one end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the middle-end of the second rack, described The other end of connecting rod is fixedly connected with brush board.

Preferably, in order to control the lifting of solar panels and the accurate height for adjusting solar panels, institute easily Stating elevating mechanism includes the second motor, second gear, the first rack, sliding slot, sliding block, expansion bracket and support plate, the expansion bracket Vertically arranged, the expansion bracket is located at outer casing bottom, and the support plate is fixed on expansion bracket, and the sliding block is hinged on expansion bracket The one side of bottom, the sliding block are fixedly connected with the first rack, and first rack is engaged with second gear, second motor Vertical to be fixed on outer casing bottom, second motor is sequentially connected with second gear.

Preferably, in order to improve cleaning efficiency, several swipes are uniformly provided on the brush board.

Preferably, in order to extend the service life of swipe, the material of the swipe is nylon.

Preferably, in order in time discharge the water of cleaning solar plate, the bottom of the shell is equipped with drainage pipeline.

Preferably, rope is pulled off in order to prevent, the rope is nylon wire.

Preferably, in order to extend the service life of motor, second motor and the 4th motor are servomotor.

Preferably, in order to which whole device is made more to stablize, the bottom of the shell is equipped with several leads.

Preferably, being damaged when solar panels adjust angle in order to prevent with support platform due to collision, the support is flat The both ends of platform are equipped with cushion pad.

Preferably, shell gets rusty in order to prevent, the material of the shell is stainless steel.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are should to pass through with the device of solar generating automatically adjusted with cleaning function The cooperation of elevating mechanism and adjusting mechanism can be realized and adjust and automatically adjust solar panels to the accurate of solar panels height Angle so as to adapt to the conversion in solar radiation direction, adds generated energy, improves generating efficiency, by elevating mechanism and clearly The cooperation of washing machine structure can realize periodic cleaning solar panel, remove the dust of solar panels surface accumulation, keep the sun The cleaning of energy plate, improves generating efficiency, adds the practicability of whole device.

Description of the drawings

The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.

Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the knot of the elevating mechanism of the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function of the utility model Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the adjusting mechanism and too of the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function of the utility model The attachment structure schematic diagram of positive energy plate;

Fig. 4 is the knot of the brush scrubbing unit of the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function of the utility model Structure schematic diagram;

In figure:1. shell, 2. drainage pipelines, 3. elevating mechanisms, 4. adjusting mechanisms, 5. wiper mechanisms, 6. first motors, 7. First gear, 8. second motors, 9. second gears, 10. first racks, 11. sliding slots, 12. sliding blocks, 13. expansion brackets, 14. supports Plate, 15. support platforms, 16. the 3rd motors, 17. the 4th motors, 18. driving wheels, 19. ropes, 20. supporting rods, 21. solar energy Plate, 22. half gears, 23. second racks, 24. connecting rods, 25. brush boards, 26. the 5th motors, 27. the 3rd gears.

Specific embodiment

The utility model is described in further detail presently in connection with attached drawing.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, Only illustrate the basic structure of the utility model in a schematic way, therefore it only shows the composition related with the utility model.

As shown in Figs 1-4, a kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function, including shell 1, lifting Mechanism 3, adjusting mechanism 4, wiper mechanism 5 and solar panels 21, the elevating mechanism 3 are fixed in shell 1, the adjusting mechanism 4 are located at the top of elevating mechanism 3, and the wiper mechanism 5 is located at 3 one side of elevating mechanism, the elevating mechanism 3 and adjusting mechanism 4 It is sequentially connected, the adjusting mechanism 4 is arranged on the lower section of solar panels 21 and is sequentially connected with solar panels 21;

The adjusting mechanism include support platform 15, the 3rd motor 16, supporting rod 20 and two adjustment units, the described 3rd Motor 16 and two adjustment units are respectively positioned in support platform 15, and two adjustment units are located at the two of the 3rd motor 16 respectively Side, the output shaft of the 3rd motor 16 are sequentially connected with supporting rod 20, top and the solar panels 21 of the supporting rod 20 Middle-end is hinged;

The adjustment unit includes the 4th motor 17, driving wheel 18 and rope 19, the 4th motor 17 and driving wheel 18 It is sequentially connected, one end of the rope 19 is arranged on driving wheel 18, and the other end of the rope 19 is fixed on solar panels 21 On;

The wiper mechanism 5 includes rotary unit and brush scrubbing unit, and the rotary unit is arranged in shell 1, the brush The one side that unit is located at rotary unit is washed, the brush scrubbing unit is sequentially connected with rotary unit;

The rotary unit includes the first motor 6,7 and half gear 22 of first gear, and first motor 6 is vertically provided at Inside shell 1, first motor 6 is sequentially connected with first gear 7, and the shape of half gear 22 is semi-circumferential, described First gear 7 is engaged with half gear 22;

The brush scrubbing unit includes the second rack 23, connecting rod 24, brush board 25, the 5th motor 26 and the 3rd gear 27, institute It states the 5th motor 26 to be arranged on inside shell 1, the 5th motor 26 is sequentially connected with the 3rd gear 27, the 3rd gear 27 Engaged with the second rack 23, one end of second rack 23 is fixedly connected with half gear 22, one end of the connecting rod 24 with The middle-end of second rack 23 is fixedly connected, and the other end of the connecting rod 24 is fixedly connected with brush board 25.

Preferably, in order to control the lifting of solar panels 21 and the accurate height for adjusting solar panels 21 easily Degree, the elevating mechanism include the second motor 8, second gear 9, the first rack 10, sliding slot 11, sliding block 12, expansion bracket 13 and branch Fagging 14, the expansion bracket 13 is vertically arranged, and the expansion bracket 13 is located at 1 bottom of shell, and the support plate 14 is fixed on flexible On frame 13, the sliding block 12 is hinged on the one side of 13 bottom of expansion bracket, and the sliding block 12 is fixedly connected with the first rack 10, described First rack 10 is engaged with second gear 9, and second motor 8 is fixed on 1 bottom of shell, second motor 8 and vertically Two gears 9 are sequentially connected.Second motor 8 drives the left and right in sliding slot 11 of sliding block 12 to move by 9 and first rack 10 of second gear It is dynamic, it realizes the contraction of expansion bracket 13 and draws high, move up and down support plate 14, so as to control the lifting of solar panels 21 and tune The height of node solar plate 21.

Preferably, in order to improve cleaning efficiency, several swipes are uniformly provided on the brush board 25.

Preferably, in order to improve cleaning performance, the material of the swipe is nylon.Swipe made of nylon is existing higher Intensity have certain flexibility again, cleaning up is convenient and efficient, improve cleaning performance.

Preferably, in order in time discharge the water of cleaning solar plate 21, the bottom of the shell 1 is equipped with drainage pipeline 2。

Preferably, rope 19 is pulled off in order to prevent, the rope 19 is nylon wire.Nylon wire has larger tough Property, it is not easy to it is pulled off.

Preferably, in order to extend the service life of motor, 8 and the 4th motor 17 of the second motor is servomotor.

Preferably, in order to which whole device is made more to stablize, the bottom of the shell 1 is equipped with several leads.The bottom of shell 1 Portion is equipped with several leads, can make the decentralization of device, so that whole device is more stablized.

Preferably, it is damaged when solar panels 21 adjust angle in order to prevent with support platform 15 due to collision, the branch The both ends for supportting platform 15 are equipped with cushion pad.

Preferably, shell 1 gets rusty in order to prevent, the material of the shell 1 is stainless steel.

This has the operation principle of the device of solar generating of automatic adjustment and cleaning function:Second motor 8 passes through second 9 and first rack 10 of gear driving sliding block 12 moves left and right in sliding slot 11, realizes the contraction of expansion bracket 13 and draws high, makes support Plate 14 moves up and down, so as to control the lifting of solar panels 21 and adjust the height of solar panels 21;When the irradiation of sunlight When direction changes, adjusting mechanism 4 works, and the 3rd motor 16 drives solar panels 21 to rotate by supporting rod 20, the 4th electricity Machine 17 adjusts the angle of solar panels 21 by driving wheel 18 and rope 19, makes the face sun as far as possible of solar panels 21;When too Positive dust accretions that can be on plate 21 to influence solar panels 21 generating efficiency when, solar panels 21 are moved back to shell by elevating mechanism In 1, the first motor 6 drives the second rack 23 to turn to the second rack 23 and the 3rd gear by 7 and half gear 22 of first gear 27 contact and engage, and the 5th motor 26 drives the second rack 23 to move left and right by the 3rd gear 27, drive connecting rod 24 and brush Plate 25 moves left and right, and the swipe on brush board 25 is made to clean up the dust on 21 surface of solar panels.

Wherein rotary unit can control the second rack 23, connecting rod 24 and brush board 25 to be retracted to when that need not clean outer In shell, this will not only not interfere with the normal work of elevating mechanism, but also can prevent dirt contamination swipe.

Compared with prior art, elevating mechanism 3 should be passed through with the device of solar generating automatically adjusted with cleaning function With the cooperation of adjusting mechanism 4, it can realize and the accurate of 21 height of solar panels is adjusted and to the automatic of 21 angle of solar panels It adjusts, so as to adapt to the conversion in solar radiation direction, adds generated energy, improve generating efficiency, by elevating mechanism 3 and clearly The cooperation of washing machine structure 5 can realize periodic cleaning solar panels 21, remove the dust of 21 surface of solar panels accumulation, keep too The cleaning of positive energy plate 21, improves generating efficiency, adds the practicability of whole device.

Using the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the utility model as enlightenment, pass through above-mentioned description, related work people Member can carry out various changes and amendments in the range of without departing from this item utility model technological thought completely.This item is real The content being not limited to new technical scope on specification, it is necessary to which its technology is determined according to right Property scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function, which is characterized in that including shell(1), lifting Mechanism(3), adjusting mechanism(4), wiper mechanism(5)And solar panels(21), the elevating mechanism(3)It is fixed on shell(1)It is interior, The adjusting mechanism(4)Positioned at elevating mechanism(3)Top, the wiper mechanism(5)Positioned at elevating mechanism(3)One side, it is described Elevating mechanism(3)With adjusting mechanism(4)It is sequentially connected, the adjusting mechanism(3)It is arranged on solar panels(21)Lower section and with Solar panels(21)It is sequentially connected;
The adjusting mechanism includes support platform(15), the 3rd motor(16), supporting rod(20)With two adjustment units, described Three motors(16)Support platform is respectively positioned on two adjustment units(15)Interior, two adjustment units are located at the 3rd motor respectively (16)Both sides, the 3rd motor(16)Output shaft and supporting rod(20)It is sequentially connected, the supporting rod(20)Top With solar panels(21)Middle-end be hinged;
The adjustment unit includes the 4th motor(17), driving wheel(18)And rope(19), the 4th motor(17)With driving Wheel(18)It is sequentially connected, the rope(19)One end be arranged on driving wheel(18)On, the rope(19)The other end fix In solar panels(21)On;
The wiper mechanism(5)Including rotary unit and brush scrubbing unit, the rotary unit is arranged on shell(1)It is interior, the brush The one side that unit is located at rotary unit is washed, the brush scrubbing unit is sequentially connected with rotary unit;
The rotary unit includes the first motor(6), first gear(7)With half gear(22), first motor(6)Vertically set It puts in shell(1)Inside, first motor(6)With first gear(7)It is sequentially connected, half gear(22)Shape be half Circumferential, the first gear(7)With half gear(22)Engagement;
The brush scrubbing unit includes the second rack(23), connecting rod(24), brush board(25), the 5th motor(26)With the 3rd gear (27), the 5th motor(26)It is arranged on shell(1)Inside, the 5th motor(26)With the 3rd gear(27)Transmission connects It connects, the 3rd gear(27)With the second rack(23)Engagement, second rack(23)One end and half gear(22)It is fixed Connection, the connecting rod(24)One end and the second rack(23)Middle-end be fixedly connected, the connecting rod(24)The other end With brush board(25)It is fixedly connected.
2. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Elevating mechanism includes the second motor(8), second gear(9), the first rack(10), sliding slot(11), sliding block(12), expansion bracket(13) And support plate(14), the expansion bracket(13)It is vertically arranged, the expansion bracket(13)Positioned at shell(1)Bottom, the support plate (14)It is fixed on expansion bracket(13)On, the sliding block(12)It is hinged on expansion bracket(13)The one side of bottom, the sliding block(12)With First rack(10)It is fixedly connected, first rack(10)With second gear(9)Engagement, second motor(8)It is vertical solid It is scheduled on shell(1)Bottom, second motor(8)With second gear(9)It is sequentially connected.
3. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Brush board(25)On be uniformly provided with several swipes.
4. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described The material of swipe is nylon.
5. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Shell(1)Bottom be equipped with drainage pipeline(2).
6. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Rope(19)For nylon wire.
7. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that described Second motor(8)With the 4th motor(17)For servomotor.
8. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Shell(1)Bottom be equipped with several leads.
9. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Support platform(15)Both ends be equipped with cushion pad.
10. the device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that institute State shell(1)Material be stainless steel.
CN201721253649.XU 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function CN207382232U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721253649.XU CN207382232U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721253649.XU CN207382232U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function

Publications (1)

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CN207382232U true CN207382232U (en) 2018-05-18

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CN201721253649.XU CN207382232U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of device of solar generating with automatic adjustment and cleaning function

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108847815A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-20 文民杰 A kind of energy-saving solar plate clearing apparatus convenient for cleaning
CN109530278A (en) * 2018-10-27 2019-03-29 梁豪创 It rotatable propeller and its interrupts and rotary-cleaning device
CN111224608A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-06-02 安徽国成顺风风力发电有限公司 Photovoltaic power generation board storage device
CN111245357A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-06-05 郑州盆源新能源科技有限公司 Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108847815A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-20 文民杰 A kind of energy-saving solar plate clearing apparatus convenient for cleaning
CN109530278A (en) * 2018-10-27 2019-03-29 梁豪创 It rotatable propeller and its interrupts and rotary-cleaning device
CN111224608A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-06-02 安徽国成顺风风力发电有限公司 Photovoltaic power generation board storage device
CN111245357A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-06-05 郑州盆源新能源科技有限公司 Protection device for solar photovoltaic panel

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