CN111071743B - Pressing device and conveying system - Google Patents

Pressing device and conveying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111071743B
CN111071743B CN201911229174.4A CN201911229174A CN111071743B CN 111071743 B CN111071743 B CN 111071743B CN 201911229174 A CN201911229174 A CN 201911229174A CN 111071743 B CN111071743 B CN 111071743B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressing
pawl
plate section
workpiece
limiting
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CN201911229174.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111071743A (en
Inventor
莫玉麟
李冰彬
李响
张秀峰
张天翼
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Gree Electric Appliances Inc of Zhuhai
Zhuhai Gree Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Gree Electric Appliances Inc of Zhuhai
Zhuhai Gree Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911229174.4A priority Critical patent/CN111071743B/en
Publication of CN111071743A publication Critical patent/CN111071743A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Automatic Assembly (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a pressing device and a conveying system. Wherein, closing device includes: a base; the limiting piece is arranged on the base; the pressing assembly is movably arranged on the base and comprises a pressing piece and a ratchet strip which are connected, and a pressing space for placing a workpiece is formed between the pressing piece and the limiting piece; the locking assembly comprises a pawl, and the pawl is arranged on the base in a swinging manner; when the ratchet bar moves towards one side close to the limiting piece under the action of external force, the pressing piece moves along with the ratchet bar and presses the workpiece in the pressing space; when the ratchet bar stops moving, the pawl is clamped with the ratchet bar; when the pawl swings to one side far away from the ratchet strip under the action of external force, the pawl and the ratchet strip are in a non-clamping state, so that the workpiece is allowed to be taken out of the pressing space. The technical scheme of the invention solves the problem of complex structure of the pressing device in the prior art.

Description

Pressing device and conveying system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of workpiece pressing, in particular to a pressing device and a conveying system.
Background
In the process of conveying the workpiece, the workpiece is usually fixed by using a pressing device, so that the problems of toppling or falling of the workpiece in the conveying process and the like are avoided.
However, in the related art, the pressing device usually uses an air cylinder to drive one pressing arm to move towards the other pressing arm, so as to press the workpiece between the two pressing arms, and an air pipe of the air cylinder and an electromagnetic switch need to move synchronously along with the pressing device. In the moving process of the compressing device, the air pipe is required to be prevented from interfering with other structures, so that the compressing device has the problems of complex structure, poor reliability and poor stability.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a pressing device and a conveying system, so as to solve the problem that the structure of the pressing device in the prior art is complex.
In order to achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pressing device including: a base; the limiting piece is arranged on the base; the pressing assembly is movably arranged on the base and comprises a pressing piece and a ratchet strip which are connected, and a pressing space for placing a workpiece is formed between the pressing piece and the limiting piece; the locking assembly comprises a pawl, and the pawl is arranged on the base in a swinging manner; when the ratchet bar moves towards one side close to the limiting piece under the action of external force, the pressing piece moves along with the ratchet bar and presses the workpiece in the pressing space; when the ratchet bar stops moving, the pawl is clamped with the ratchet bar; when the pawl swings to one side far away from the ratchet strip under the action of external force, the pawl and the ratchet strip are in a non-clamping state, so that the workpiece is allowed to be taken out of the pressing space.
Further, the base includes: a base plate; the two vertical plates are oppositely arranged on the bottom plate along the first direction, a plurality of inserting grooves are formed in the limiting surfaces of the two vertical plates, which are oppositely arranged, one inserting groove on one vertical plate and one inserting groove on the other vertical plate are oppositely arranged to form an installation groove group, the installation groove groups are arranged at intervals along the second direction, and the limiting part is inserted into one of the installation groove groups.
Furthermore, the base also comprises a guide rail which is arranged on the bottom plate and is arranged at intervals with the vertical plate along the second direction; the pressing assembly further comprises a sliding block, and the sliding block is connected with the guide rail in a sliding mode; the pressing piece is connected with the sliding block and located on one side close to the limiting piece, and the ratchet bar is connected with the sliding block and located on one side far away from the limiting piece.
Further, the pressing assembly further comprises a buffer spring, and the buffer spring is arranged between the sliding block and the pressing piece.
Further, the locking assembly further comprises: the bracket is arranged on the bottom plate, and the pawl is arranged on the bracket in a swinging manner through the rotating shaft; the locking spring is arranged between the support and the pawl and located on one side, far away from the limiting part, of the rotating shaft, so that acting force swinging towards one side of the ratchet bar is provided for the pawl.
Further, the pawl includes: the first connecting plate section extends along the second direction and is hinged with the bracket through a rotating shaft; the first connecting plate section is provided with a first connecting end and a second connecting end along a second direction; along the second direction, the first connecting end is positioned on one side of the bracket far away from the limiting piece; the first end of the second connecting plate section is connected with the first connecting end, the second end of the second connecting plate section extends downwards, the second connecting plate section and the support are arranged at intervals, and the second end of the second connecting plate section forms a first driving end; the first end and the second link of joint board section are connected, and joint board section and first connecting plate section are the contained angle setting, and the second end of joint board section forms and the complex joint end of ratchet joint.
Furthermore, a first abdicating space is arranged on the bracket; the second connecting plate section is provided with a second yielding space, and one end of the ratchet strip, which is far away from the limiting part, extends out through the first yielding space and the second yielding space to form a second driving end.
Furthermore, the limiting piece is of a T-shaped structure; along a second direction, the T-shaped structure comprises a first limiting plate section and a second limiting plate section which are connected; along first direction, the length of first spacing plate section is greater than the length of second spacing plate section, and the both ends of first spacing plate section are inserted respectively and are established in two inserting grooves of relative setting, and the second spacing plate section is located between two spacing surfaces.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a conveying system for conveying a workpiece, the conveying system comprising: the pressing device is the pressing device, and the workpiece is placed in the pressing space of the pressing device; the feeding device comprises a first air cylinder, when the pressing device is arranged on the feeding device, a first output end of the first air cylinder is opposite to a ratchet bar of the pressing device, so that the first output end extends out and drives the ratchet bar to move towards one side close to a limiting piece of the pressing device, and a workpiece is pressed in the pressing space; the blanking device comprises a second air cylinder, when the pressing device is arranged on the blanking device, a second output end of the second air cylinder is opposite to a pawl of the pressing device, so that the second output end extends out and drives the pawl to swing to one side far away from the ratchet strip, and the pawl and the ratchet strip are in a non-clamping state to allow the workpiece to be taken out of the pressing space.
Further, the conveying system further comprises: the feeding manipulator is arranged on one side of the feeding device and used for placing the workpiece in a pressing space of the pressing device; and the blanking manipulator is arranged on one side of the blanking device and is used for taking out the workpiece from the compaction space.
By applying the technical scheme of the invention, the ratchet bar is matched with the pawl to clamp the workpiece, and an air cylinder is not required to be arranged on the pressing device, so that the structure of the pressing device is simplified, and the reliability and the stability of the pressing device are improved. In addition, the pressing device provided by the application can be suitable for workpieces of various sizes, when the workpieces need to be installed, the workpieces only need to be placed between the pressing piece and the limiting piece, and then the ratchet bar is pushed to press the workpieces; when the workpiece needs to be taken out, the pawl only needs to swing and the pawl and the ratchet strip are in a non-clamping state. It is thus clear that closing device that this application provided still has convenient operation's advantage.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 shows a schematic structural view of a compacting apparatus according to an alternative embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 shows an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 shows an enlarged schematic view of the structure at B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 shows a schematic structural view of a conveying system according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, wherein a compacting device is provided on the loading device;
FIG. 5 shows an enlarged schematic view of the structure at C in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a conveying system according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, wherein a compacting device is disposed on a blanking device;
fig. 7 shows an enlarged schematic view of the structure at D in fig. 6.
Wherein the figures include the following reference numerals:
1. a pressing device; 10. a base; 11. a base plate; 12. a vertical plate; 121. a stop surface; 122. inserting grooves; 120. installing a groove group; 13. a guide rail; 20. a limiting member; 21. a first limiting plate section; 22. a second limiting plate section; 30. a compression assembly; 31. a compression member; 32. a ratchet bar; 33. a slider; 34. a buffer spring; 40. a locking assembly; 41. a pawl; 411. a first connector plate segment; 412. a second connector plate segment; 410. a second abdicating space; 413. clamping the plate sections; 42. a support; 420. a first abdicating space; 43. a rotating shaft; 44. a locking spring; 2. a feeding device; 100. a first cylinder; 3. a blanking device; 200. a second cylinder.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a pressing device and a conveying system, aiming at solving the problem that the structure of the pressing device in the prior art is complex.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the pressing device includes a base 10, a limiting member 20, a pressing assembly 30 and a locking assembly 40, the limiting member 20 is disposed on the base 10, the pressing assembly 30 is movably disposed on the base 10, the pressing assembly 30 includes a pressing member 31 and a ratchet bar 32 connected to each other, a pressing space for placing a workpiece is formed between the pressing member 31 and the limiting member 20, the locking assembly 40 includes a pawl 41, and the pawl 41 is swingably disposed on the base 10; when the ratchet bar 32 moves towards one side close to the limiting member 20 under the action of external force, the pressing member 31 moves along with the ratchet bar 32 and presses the workpiece in the pressing space; when the ratchet bar 32 stops moving, the pawl 41 is clamped with the ratchet bar 32; when the pawl 41 swings to the side away from the ratchet bar 32 by an external force, the pawl 41 is in a non-engagement state with the ratchet bar 32 to allow the workpiece to be taken out from the pressing space.
In this embodiment, the ratchet bar 32 and the pawl 41 are used in cooperation to clamp the workpiece, and an air cylinder is not required to be arranged on the pressing device 1, so that the structure of the pressing device 1 is simplified, and the reliability and stability of the pressing device 1 are improved. Specifically, due to the characteristics of the ratchet bar 32 and the pawl 41, when the ratchet bar 32 moves toward the side close to the limiting member 20, the pawl 41 is pushed by the ratchet bar 32 to be disengaged from the slot of the ratchet bar 32, and the ratchet bar 32 and the pawl 41 can move relatively; after the workpiece abuts against both the limiting member 20 and the pressing member 31, the ratchet bar 32 cannot move continuously, the ratchet bar 32 is in clamping connection with the pawl 41, and the ratchet bar 32 cannot move towards the side away from the limiting member 20 due to the blocking of the pawl 41, so that reliable pressing is realized.
In addition, the pressing device 1 provided by the application can be suitable for workpieces of various sizes, when the workpieces need to be loaded, the workpieces only need to be placed between the pressing piece 31 and the limiting piece 20, and then the ratchet bar 32 is pushed to press the workpieces; when the workpiece needs to be taken out, only the pawl 41 needs to swing and the pawl 41 and the ratchet strip 32 are in a non-clamping state, and the pressing device 1 provided by the application has the advantage of convenience in operation.
As shown in fig. 1, the base 10 includes a bottom plate 11 and vertical plates 12, the two vertical plates 12 are oppositely disposed on the bottom plate 11 along a first direction, a plurality of inserting grooves 122 are respectively disposed on oppositely disposed limiting surfaces 121 of the two vertical plates 12, one inserting groove 122 on one vertical plate 12 and one inserting groove 122 on the other vertical plate 12 are oppositely disposed and form an installation groove group 120, the installation groove groups 120 are disposed at intervals along a second direction, and the limiting member 20 is inserted into one of the installation groove groups 120. Thus, the position of the limiting member 20 can be adjusted according to the size of the workpiece, so that the stroke setting of the pressing assembly 30 is shortened, the length of the ratchet bar 32 is reduced, the manufacturing cost of the pressing device 1 is reduced, and the pressing efficiency is improved.
When the method is specifically implemented, the workpiece is the lithium battery module, and the number of the single batteries included in the lithium battery module is different according to the use requirement, so that the length of the workpiece is different. The application provides a closing device 1 can be applicable to the lithium battery module of different length, selects whether need to adjust the position of locating part 20 according to the length of work piece.
In the specific embodiment shown in fig. 1 and 2, the width of the limiting member 20 is smaller than the width between the two vertical plates 12, and the limiting member 20 is inserted into the installation slot group 120 closest to the pressing member 31; in the second direction, when the length of the workpiece is smaller than the length between the end surface of the limiting member 20 close to the pressing member 31 and the end surface of the vertical plate 12 far from the limiting member 20, the pressing member 31 may extend into between the two vertical plates 12, thereby achieving pressing of the workpiece.
As shown in fig. 1, a bevel angle is formed between the limiting surface 121 of the vertical plate 12 and the upper surface of the vertical plate 12, and a bevel angle is formed between the end surface of the pressing member 31 close to the limiting member 20 and the upper surface of the vertical plate 12, so that a workpiece can be conveniently placed in the pressing space.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the base 10 further includes a guide rail 13, and the guide rail 13 is disposed on the bottom plate 11 and spaced from the vertical plate 12 along the second direction; the pressing assembly 30 further comprises a sliding block 33, and the sliding block 33 is connected with the guide rail 13 in a sliding manner; the pressing member 31 is connected to the sliding block 33 and located at a side close to the limiting member 20, and the ratchet 32 is connected to the sliding block 33 and located at a side far from the limiting member 20. The guide rail 13 and the slide block 33 cooperate to guide the movement of the pressing assembly 30, so that the workpiece can be stably and reliably pressed.
As shown in fig. 2, the pressing assembly 30 further includes a buffer spring 34, and the buffer spring 34 is disposed between the slider 33 and the pressing member 31. Thus, damage to the workpiece can be avoided, and at the same time, when the buffer spring 34 is compressed, the pressing member 31 can be provided with a pressing force that moves toward the side of the limiting member 20.
As shown in fig. 3, the locking assembly 40 further includes a bracket 42, a rotating shaft 43 and a locking spring 44, the bracket 42 is disposed on the base plate 11, the pawl 41 is swingably disposed on the bracket 42 through the rotating shaft 43, the locking spring 44 is disposed between the bracket 42 and the pawl 41, and the locking spring 44 is disposed on a side of the rotating shaft 43 away from the stopper 20 to provide a force for swinging the pawl 41 toward a side of the ratchet bar 32. Thus, when the pawl 41 is no longer driven by external force to swing, the pawl 41 swings toward the end close to the ratchet bar 32 under the action of the locking spring 44 until the pawl 41 is engaged with the ratchet bar 32.
As shown in fig. 3, the pawl 41 includes a first connecting plate segment 411, a second connecting plate segment 412 and a clamping plate segment 413, the first connecting plate segment 411 extends along the second direction, and the first connecting plate segment 411 is hinged to the bracket 42 through the rotating shaft 43; in the second direction, the first connection plate section 411 has a first connection end and a second connection end; along the second direction, the first connection end is located on one side of the support 42 away from the limiting member 20, the first end of the second connection plate section 412 is connected with the first connection end, the second end of the second connection plate section 412 extends downward, the second connection plate section 412 and the support 42 are arranged at an interval, the second end of the second connection plate section 412 forms a first driving end, the first end of the clamping plate section 413 is connected with the second connection end, the clamping plate section 413 and the first connection plate section 411 are arranged at an included angle, and the second end of the clamping plate section 413 forms a clamping end clamped and matched with the ratchet bar 32. Thus, in the natural state of the pawl 41, the first connecting plate section 411 extends along the horizontal direction, the second connecting plate section 412 extends along the vertical direction, the clamping plate section 413 is obliquely arranged, and the clamping end of the clamping plate section 413 is clamped with the ratchet strip 32; pushing the second connecting plate section 412 toward the side close to the bracket 42 in the horizontal direction, the second connecting plate section 412 rotates around the rotating shaft 43, thereby driving the first connecting plate section 411 and the clamping plate section 413 to rotate; when second connecting plate segment 412 abuts against bracket 42, the clamping end of clamping plate segment 413 no longer clamps with ratchet bar 32.
As shown in fig. 3, the bracket 42 is provided with a first abdicating space 420; the second connecting plate section 412 is provided with a second yielding space 410, and one end of the ratchet bar 32 away from the limiting member 20 extends out through the first yielding space 420 and the second yielding space 410 to form a second driving end. In this way, the ratchet bar 32 can be conveniently driven by the second driving end to move to the side close to the limiting member 20 until the pressing member 31 presses on the workpiece.
As shown in fig. 1, the limiting member 20 has a T-shaped structure; along the second direction, the T-shaped structure comprises a first limiting plate section 21 and a second limiting plate section 22 which are connected; along first direction, the length of first limiting plate section 21 is greater than the length of second limiting plate section 22, and the both ends of first limiting plate section 21 are inserted respectively and are established in two inserting groove 122 of relative setting, and second limiting plate section 22 is located between two spacing surfaces 121. The T-shaped structure is advantageous for improving the structural strength of the limiting member 20.
During specific implementation, the second limiting plate segment 22 is located on one side away from the pressing part 31, so that in the second direction, the length between the end face of the limiting part 20 close to the pressing part 31 and the end face of the vertical plate 12 away from the limiting part 20 is increased, and the device can be applied to longer workpieces, and is beneficial to improving the application range of the pressing device 1.
As shown in fig. 4 to 7, the present application further provides a conveying system for conveying a workpiece, the conveying system includes a pressing device 1, a feeding device 2 and a discharging device 3, the pressing device 1 is the above-mentioned pressing device, and the workpiece is placed in a pressing space of the pressing device 1; as shown in fig. 4 and 5, the feeding device 2 includes a first cylinder 100, and when the pressing device 1 is disposed on the feeding device 2, a first output end of the first cylinder 100 is disposed opposite to the ratchet bar 32 of the pressing device 1, so as to press the workpiece in the pressing space by extending the first output end and driving the ratchet bar 32 to move toward a side close to the limiting member 20 of the pressing device 1. As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the blanking device 3 includes a second cylinder 200, and when the pressing device 1 is disposed on the blanking device 3, a second output end of the second cylinder 200 is disposed opposite to the pawl 41 of the pressing device 1, so as to allow the workpiece to be taken out from the pressing space by extending the second output end and driving the pawl 41 to swing to a side away from the ratchet bar 32, and to place the pawl 41 and the ratchet bar 32 in a non-engagement state. In this way, the first cylinder 100 and the second cylinder 200 are matched with the pressing device 1, so that the automatic feeding and discharging of the pressing device 1 can be realized. The first air cylinder 100 and the second air cylinder 200 are fixed in the process that the pressing device 1 conveys the workpiece, so that the structure of the conveying system is simplified, the control of an air path and a control system is simplified, and the reliability and the safety of the conveying system are improved.
In addition, through the setting of first cylinder 100 and second cylinder 200, can promote conveying system's intelligent degree, realize closing device 1's automated control.
Optionally, the height of the second output of the second cylinder 200 is lower than the height of the first output of the first cylinder 100.
In practical implementation, the pawl 41 further comprises a driving shaft disposed at the second end of the second connecting plate section 412, and the driving shaft is matched with the second output end of the second air cylinder 200, so as to prevent the second air cylinder 200 from damaging the pawl 41 during the swinging process of the pawl 41.
In specific implementation, the feeding device 2 further comprises a conveying mechanism, the conveying mechanism is used for driving the compressing device 1 to drive the compressed workpiece to move, and after the workpiece is placed in the compressing space at the feeding position, the first cylinder 100 is used for pushing the ratchet bar 32 to move; the blanking device 3 further comprises a conveying mechanism, the conveying mechanism is used for driving the pressing device 1 to drive the pressed workpiece to move, and the pawl 41 is pushed to swing by the second air cylinder 200 at the blanking position.
Optionally, the conveying mechanism is a conveyor belt or a double speed chain.
In specific implementation, the bottom plate 11 is provided with rollers for cooperating with the double-speed chain.
In specific implementation, avoidance grooves are formed at both ends of the bottom plate 11 in the second direction to avoid interference with the first and second cylinders 100 and 200.
Optionally, the conveying system further includes a feeding manipulator and a discharging manipulator, the feeding manipulator is disposed on one side of the feeding device 2, the feeding manipulator is configured to place the workpiece in the pressing space of the pressing device 1, the discharging manipulator is disposed on one side of the discharging device 3, and the discharging manipulator is configured to take out the workpiece from the pressing space. Therefore, the whole process of the conveying system does not need manual participation, and the conveying system can run fully automatically.
When the device is specifically implemented, the workpiece is a lithium battery module, the feeding device 2 is a feeding hoister, and the discharging device 3 is a discharging hoister.
The pressing device 1 and the conveying system can be used on an assembly production line of the lithium batteries for the vehicle, and a preset number of single lithium batteries are fixed together in a gluing mode according to use requirements to form a lithium battery module; then control material loading manipulator places lithium battery module in closing device 1's the space that compresses tightly, later control the first output of first cylinder 100 and stretch out, promote the ratch 32 and remove for pawl 41 and base 10, after compressing tightly 31 and removing and compressing tightly on lithium battery module along with the ratch 32, first output is withdrawed, closing device 1 compresses tightly lithium battery module in compressing tightly the space, material loading device 2 carries closing device 1, closing device 1 reliably drives lithium battery module fast travel steadily. After the pressing device 1 is conveyed to the discharging device 3 by the feeding device 2, the discharging device 3 conveys the pressing device 1 to the second cylinder 200, the second output end of the second cylinder 200 is controlled to extend out, the pawl 41 is driven to swing, and when the pawl 41 is not clamped with the ratchet bar 32 any more, the discharging manipulator is controlled to take out the workpiece from the pressing space.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
The relative arrangement of the components and steps, the numerical expressions and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention unless specifically stated otherwise. Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective portions shown in the drawings are not drawn in an actual proportional relationship for the convenience of description. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate. In all examples shown and discussed herein, any particular value should be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, further discussion thereof is not required in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the orientation words such as "front, rear, upper, lower, left, right", "lateral, vertical, horizontal" and "top, bottom", etc. are usually based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and in the case of not making a reverse description, these orientation words do not indicate and imply that the device or element being referred to must have a specific orientation or be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore, should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention; the terms "inner and outer" refer to the inner and outer relative to the profile of the respective component itself.
Spatially relative terms, such as "above … …," "above … …," "above … …," "above," and the like, may be used herein for ease of description to describe one device or feature's spatial relationship to another device or feature as illustrated in the figures. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if a device in the figures is turned over, devices described as "above" or "on" other devices or configurations would then be oriented "below" or "under" the other devices or configurations. Thus, the exemplary term "above … …" can include both an orientation of "above … …" and "below … …". The device may be otherwise variously oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the data so used is interchangeable under appropriate circumstances such that the embodiments of the application described herein are capable of operation in sequences other than those illustrated or described herein.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A compression device, comprising:
a base (10);
the limiting piece (20), the limiting piece (20) is arranged on the base (10);
the pressing assembly (30), the pressing assembly (30) is movably arranged on the base (10), the pressing assembly (30) comprises a pressing piece (31) and a ratchet bar (32) which are connected, and a pressing space for placing a workpiece is formed between the pressing piece (31) and the limiting piece (20);
a locking assembly (40), wherein the locking assembly (40) comprises a pawl (41), and the pawl (41) is arranged on the base (10) in a swinging mode;
when the ratchet (32) moves to one side close to the limiting part (20) under the action of external force, the pressing part (31) moves along with the ratchet (32) and presses the workpiece in the pressing space; when the ratchet (32) stops moving, the pawl (41) is clamped with the ratchet (32);
when the pawl (41) swings to the side far away from the ratchet strip (32) under the action of external force, the pawl (41) and the ratchet strip (32) are in a non-clamping state to allow the workpiece to be taken out of the pressing space;
the base (10) comprises: a base plate (11); the two vertical plates (12) are oppositely arranged on the bottom plate (11) along a first direction, a plurality of inserting grooves (122) are respectively formed in limiting surfaces (121) of the two vertical plates (12) which are oppositely arranged, one inserting groove (122) on one vertical plate (12) and one inserting groove (122) on the other vertical plate (12) are oppositely arranged to form an installation groove group (120), the installation groove groups (120) are arranged at intervals along a second direction, and the limiting part (20) is inserted into one of the installation groove groups (120).
2. The compaction device of claim 1,
the base (10) further comprises a guide rail (13), and the guide rail (13) is arranged on the bottom plate (11) and is arranged at intervals with the vertical plate (12) along the second direction;
the pressing assembly (30) further comprises a sliding block (33), and the sliding block (33) is connected with the guide rail (13) in a sliding mode; the pressing piece (31) is connected with the sliding block (33) and is positioned at one side close to the limiting piece (20), and the ratchet strip (32) is connected with the sliding block (33) and is positioned at one side far away from the limiting piece (20).
3. Pressing device according to claim 2, characterized in that the pressing assembly (30) further comprises a buffer spring (34), the buffer spring (34) being arranged between the slide (33) and the pressing piece (31).
4. The compression device of claim 1, wherein the locking assembly (40) further comprises:
a bracket (42), wherein the bracket (42) is arranged on the bottom plate (11), and the pawl (41) is arranged on the bracket (42) in a swinging way through a rotating shaft (43);
the locking spring (44) is arranged between the bracket (42) and the pawl (41), and the locking spring (44) is positioned on one side of the rotating shaft (43) far away from the limiting piece (20) so as to provide an acting force for swinging the pawl (41) towards one side of the ratchet bar (32).
5. Pressing device as in claim 4, characterized in that said pawl (41) comprises:
a first connecting plate section (411), the first connecting plate section (411) extending along the second direction, the first connecting plate section (411) being hinged to the bracket (42) through the rotating shaft (43); in the second direction, the first connection plate section (411) has a first connection end and a second connection end; along the second direction, the first connecting end is positioned on one side of the bracket (42) far away from the limiting piece (20);
a second connecting plate section (412), wherein a first end of the second connecting plate section (412) is connected with the first connecting end, a second end of the second connecting plate section (412) extends downwards, the second connecting plate section (412) and the bracket (42) are arranged at intervals, and a second end of the second connecting plate section (412) forms a first driving end;
joint plate section (413), the first end of joint plate section (413) with the second link is connected, joint plate section (413) with first connecting plate section (411) are the contained angle setting, the second end of joint plate section (413) form with thorn strip (32) joint complex joint end.
6. The compression device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the bracket (42) is provided with a first abdicating space (420); the second connecting plate section (412) is provided with a second yielding space (410), and one end, far away from the limiting piece (20), of the ratchet strip (32) extends out through the first yielding space (420) and the second yielding space (410) to form a second driving end.
7. Pressing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the stop (20) is of T-shaped construction; along the second direction, the T-shaped structure comprises a first limiting plate section (21) and a second limiting plate section (22) which are connected; along the first direction, the length of the first limiting plate section (21) is greater than that of the second limiting plate section (22), two ends of the first limiting plate section (21) are respectively inserted into the two oppositely-arranged inserting grooves (122), and the second limiting plate section (22) is located between the two limiting surfaces (121).
8. A transport system for transporting a workpiece, the transport system comprising:
a pressing device (1), wherein the pressing device (1) is the pressing device of any one of claims 1 to 7, and the workpiece is placed in a pressing space of the pressing device (1);
the feeding device (2) comprises a first air cylinder (100), when the pressing device (1) is arranged on the feeding device (2), a first output end of the first air cylinder (100) is arranged opposite to a ratchet strip (32) of the pressing device (1), so that the workpiece is pressed in the pressing space by extending the first output end and driving the ratchet strip (32) to move to one side close to a limiting piece (20) of the pressing device (1);
the blanking device (3) comprises a second air cylinder (200), when the pressing device (1) is arranged on the blanking device (3), a second output end of the second air cylinder (200) is arranged opposite to a pawl (41) of the pressing device (1), so that the pawl (41) is driven to swing to one side far away from the ratchet strip (32) by extending the second output end, and the pawl (41) and the ratchet strip (32) are in a non-clamping state, so that the workpiece is allowed to be taken out of the pressing space.
9. The delivery system of claim 8, further comprising:
the feeding mechanical arm is arranged on one side of the feeding device (2) and is used for placing a workpiece in a pressing space of the pressing device (1);
the blanking manipulator is arranged on one side of the blanking device (3) and is used for taking out the workpiece from the compaction space.
CN201911229174.4A 2019-12-04 2019-12-04 Pressing device and conveying system Active CN111071743B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111804233A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-23 郑州三华科技实业有限公司 Conveying device and color matching device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2361430Y (en) * 1998-12-04 2000-02-02 张志友 Device of holding workpiece
CN203141148U (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-08-21 苏州市职业大学 Fast-moving clamping device for all-angle fast-moving bench screw
CN103659376A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-26 苏州市职业大学 Rotatable bench screw for fast clamping
CN103786052A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-05-14 江苏省武进职业教育中心校 Quick clamping self-locking flat-nose pliers
CN104493528A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-04-08 重庆钰康机械有限公司 Ratcheted horizontal locking device
KR101650333B1 (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-09-06 박영우 Milling method L-block using fixing jig
CN207312604U (en) * 2017-08-07 2018-05-04 河北英达工矿机械配件有限公司 A kind of multiple workpiece clamp

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2361430Y (en) * 1998-12-04 2000-02-02 张志友 Device of holding workpiece
CN203141148U (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-08-21 苏州市职业大学 Fast-moving clamping device for all-angle fast-moving bench screw
CN103659376A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-26 苏州市职业大学 Rotatable bench screw for fast clamping
CN103786052A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-05-14 江苏省武进职业教育中心校 Quick clamping self-locking flat-nose pliers
CN104493528A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-04-08 重庆钰康机械有限公司 Ratcheted horizontal locking device
KR101650333B1 (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-09-06 박영우 Milling method L-block using fixing jig
CN207312604U (en) * 2017-08-07 2018-05-04 河北英达工矿机械配件有限公司 A kind of multiple workpiece clamp

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