CN111066415B - Supplementary fertile device that spreads fertilizer of solid manure spreader - Google Patents

Supplementary fertile device that spreads fertilizer of solid manure spreader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111066415B
CN111066415B CN201911335982.9A CN201911335982A CN111066415B CN 111066415 B CN111066415 B CN 111066415B CN 201911335982 A CN201911335982 A CN 201911335982A CN 111066415 B CN111066415 B CN 111066415B
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer spreading
fertilizer
pushing
conveyor belt
frame
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CN201911335982.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111066415A (en
Inventor
刘汉武
刘繁华
刘丹
于柯
李鹏
田凡
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Debont Co ltd
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Debont Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911335982.9A priority Critical patent/CN111066415B/en
Publication of CN111066415A publication Critical patent/CN111066415A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C3/00Treating manure; Manuring
    • A01C3/06Manure distributors, e.g. dung distributors

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery operation, in particular to an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle, which comprises a rectangular frame and two rotating rollers, wherein the auxiliary fertilizer spreading device comprises a layered frame, a collecting device and a pushing device, the collecting device is arranged on the layered frame, the pushing device comprises a fertilizer spreading hopper hinged with the bottom of the rectangular frame and a pushing assembly used for pushing fertilizer to the fertilizer spreading hopper, the collecting device comprises a conveyor belt and shielding parts used for shielding two sides of the conveyor belt, a plurality of pushing plates are arranged on the conveyor belt at intervals along the circumferential direction of the conveyor belt, and avoidance holes used for avoiding the conveyor belt are arranged between the two rotating rollers at the bottom of the rectangular frame. Improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer, avoid fertilizer extravagant, improve and spill fertile effect of fertile car fertilizer spreading device.

Description

Supplementary fertile device that spreads fertilizer of solid manure spreader
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery operation, in particular to an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle.
Background
Agricultural machinery refers to various machines used in the production process of crop planting industry and animal husbandry, and the primary processing and treatment process of agricultural and animal products, and the agricultural machinery comprises agricultural power machinery, farmland construction machinery, soil cultivation machinery, planting and fertilizing machinery, plant protection machinery, farmland irrigation and drainage machinery, crop harvesting machinery, agricultural product processing machinery, animal husbandry machinery, agricultural transportation machinery and the like.
The solid dung scattering vehicle is an agricultural machine which automatically scatters excrement or fertilizer into the field, and mainly comprises a traction mechanism and a fertilizer scattering device, wherein the patent number discloses CN201820938585.5, the fertilizer scattering device of the dung scattering vehicle, a driving gear box is installed at the bottom edge of a rectangular support frame, the left side of the driving gear box is connected with a left driven gear box through a rotating shaft, a left auger piece rotating shaft is installed on the left driven gear box, the left auger piece rotating shaft is in running fit with the left driven gear box, one end, far away from the left driven gear box, of the left auger piece rotating shaft is in running fit with the top edge of the rectangular support frame, one end, close to the left driven gear box, of the left auger piece rotating shaft is provided with a dung stirring chassis, a left auger piece is installed above the dung stirring chassis, the left auger piece is spirally wound on the left; the right side of the driving gear box is connected with a right driven gear box through a rotating shaft, a right auger piece rotating shaft is installed on the right driven gear box and is in running fit with the right driven gear box, one end, far away from the right driven gear box, of the right auger piece rotating shaft is in running fit with the top edge of the rectangular support frame, a feces stirring chassis is arranged at one end, close to the right driven gear box, of the right auger piece rotating shaft, a right auger piece is installed above the feces stirring chassis, the right auger piece is spirally wound on the right auger piece rotating shaft, and a plurality of arc-shaped notches are formed in the edge of the; the plane of the rectangular support frame forms an included angle of eighty degrees with the ground.
This fertilizer distributor's left auger piece pivot and right auger piece pivot, it is rotatory to drive left auger piece and right auger piece respectively, have great space between left auger piece and the right auger piece, make the fertilizer that is in the intermediate position, can't be splashed and drop in the centre of operation direction between and, make the soil fertilizer excess of intermediate position, burn the seed easily, reduce the survival rate of seed, it is poor to make whole current fertilizer distributor spill fertile device, fertilizer is thrown and is spilt inhospitably, it is unsmooth to spill fertile.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle comprises a rectangular frame arranged at the discharge end of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle and two rotary rollers with spiral fertilizer spreading plates, wherein the auxiliary fertilizer spreading device comprises a layered frame arranged at the bottom of the rectangular frame, a collecting device for collecting fertilizers which are not spread by the rotary rollers in a centralized manner and a pushing device for pushing the collected fertilizers to a spreading area of the two rotary rollers, the collecting device is arranged on the layered frame, the pushing device comprises a fertilizer spreading hopper hinged with the bottom of the rectangular frame and a pushing assembly for pushing the fertilizers to the fertilizer spreading hopper, the collecting device comprises a conveyor belt and shielding parts for shielding the two sides of the conveyor belt, a plurality of pushing plates are arranged on the conveyor belt at intervals along the circumferential direction of the conveyor belt, and a avoiding hole for avoiding the conveyor belt is arranged between the two rotary rollers at the bottom of the rectangular frame, the fertilizer spreading bucket is hinged to the bottom of the rectangular frame through a rotating shaft, the axis of the rotating shaft is parallel to the width direction of the rectangular frame, two ends of the fertilizer spreading bucket are hinged to pushing cylinders, and the tail ends of the pushing cylinders are hinged to the bottom of the layered frame.
Preferably, the output of conveyer belt extends to directly over the propelling movement subassembly, the propelling movement subassembly sets up the propelling movement cylinder in the conveyer belt both sides including two splayed horizontal symmetries that are, and the equal vertical cambered plate that is provided with of output of every propelling movement cylinder, the vertical setting of axis of cambered plate, the output shaft axis of propelling movement cylinder and the eccentric department fixed connection of cambered plate, two cambered plate openings are relative and towards spilling fertile fill.
Preferably, an inverted V-shaped distributing plate is installed in the middle of the fertilizer spreading hopper, and the distributing plate comprises two wedge plates which are integrally formed and distributed in a splayed shape.
Preferably, the included angle between the plane of the wedge plates and the horizontal plane is an acute angle, and the normal included angle between the planes of the two wedge plates is a right angle.
Preferably, a plurality of rotating rollers are rotatably arranged between the two shielding parts, the conveyor belt is sleeved on all the rotating rollers, the axes of all the rotating rollers are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft, and a driving motor is arranged at the end part of one of the rotating rollers.
The fertilizer spreading bucket is a panel with a cambered surface structure, the fertilizer spreading bucket is in running fit with the rotating shaft through the connecting frame, and the axis of the fertilizer spreading bucket is parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft.
And a V-shaped material baffle plate is arranged under the output end of the conveyor belt of the layered frame.
The invention provides an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle by improvement, compared with the prior art, the auxiliary fertilizer spreading device has the following improvements and advantages:
one is as follows: the fertilizer left in the middle position can be collected and then is sprinkled again, the fertilizer is evenly sprinkled, and the survival rate of the seeds is smoothly improved by the fertilizer;
the second step is as follows: improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer, avoid fertilizer extravagant, improve and spill fertile effect of fertile car fertilizer spreading device.
Drawings
The invention is further explained below with reference to the figures and examples:
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention and a solid fertilizer application vehicle;
FIG. 2 is a perspective assembly view of the present invention with a rotating roller and a rectangular frame;
FIG. 3 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a third schematic perspective view of the present invention;
description of reference numerals:
the fertilizer spreading vehicle comprises a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle 1, an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device 2, a rotating roller 3, a rectangular frame 31, a avoiding hole 32, a spiral fertilizer spreading plate 4, a layered frame 5, a collecting device 6, a shielding part 61, a conveyor belt 62, a rotating roller 63, a driving motor 64, a pushing plate 65, a V-shaped material baffle plate 66, a pushing device 7, a fertilizer spreading hopper 8, a rotating shaft 81, a pushing assembly 9, a pushing cylinder 91, an arc panel 92, a pushing cylinder 93, a material distributing plate 94 and a wedge plate 95.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in detail below, and technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides an auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of a solid fertilizer spreading vehicle by improvement, as shown in figures 1-5, comprising a rectangular frame 31 arranged at the discharge end of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle 1 and two rotating rollers 3 with spiral fertilizer spreading plates 4, wherein the auxiliary fertilizer spreading device 2 comprises a layered frame 5 arranged at the bottom of the rectangular frame 31, a collecting device 6 for collecting fertilizer which is not scattered by the rotating rollers 3 and a pushing device 7 for pushing the collected fertilizer to scattering areas of the two rotating rollers 3, the collecting device 6 is arranged on the layered frame 5, the pushing device 7 comprises a fertilizer spreading bucket 8 hinged with the bottom of the rectangular frame 31 and a pushing assembly 9 for pushing the fertilizer to the fertilizer spreading bucket 8, the collecting device 6 comprises a conveyor belt 62 and shielding parts 61 for shielding both sides of the conveyor belt 62, a plurality of pushing plates 65 are arranged on the conveyor belt 62 at intervals along the conveying circumferential direction, rectangular frame 31 bottom is located and is provided with the dodge hole 32 that is used for dodging conveyer belt 62 between two rotatory rollers 3, and the fertilizer that is in between two rotatory rollers 3 falls on the conveyer belt 62 that falls into in dodge hole 32, and conveyer belt 62 conveys the fertilizer that drops between the propelling movement subassembly 9, then propelling movement subassembly 9 will scatter fertilizer bucket 8 with fertilizer propelling movement at interval on, then scatter fertilizer bucket 8 and throw fertilizer in the region of scattering of two rotatory rollers 3, then rotatory roller 3 scatters fertilizer.
The fertilizer spreading bucket 8 is hinged to the bottom of the rectangular frame 31 through a rotating shaft 81, the axis of the rotating shaft 81 is parallel to the width direction of the rectangular frame 31, two ends of the fertilizer spreading bucket 8 are hinged to pushing cylinders 93, the tail ends of the pushing cylinders 93 are hinged to the bottom of the layered frame 5, when the fertilizer spreading bucket 8 is stacked with fertilizers pushed by the pushing cylinders 91 for multiple times, then an output shaft of each pushing cylinder 93 extends out, the fertilizer spreading bucket 8 rotates around the rotating shaft 81, and the fertilizer spreading bucket 8 throws the fertilizers into splashing areas of the two rotating rollers 3.
The output of conveyer belt 62 extends to propelling movement subassembly 9 directly over, propelling movement subassembly 9 is splayed horizontal symmetry including two and sets up the propelling movement cylinder 91 in the conveyer belt 62 both sides, the equal vertical cambered plate 92 that is provided with of output of every propelling movement cylinder 91, the vertical setting of cambered plate 92's axis, the output shaft axis of propelling movement cylinder 91 and cambered plate 92's eccentric department fixed connection, two cambered plate 92 openings are relative and towards spilling fertile fill 8, be in on fertilizer between two rotatory rollers 3 falls into the conveyer belt 62 of dodging in the hole 32, the fertilizer that conveyer belt 62 will drop conveys between the propelling movement subassembly 9, the output shaft of two propelling movement cylinders 91 stretches out in proper order, two cambered plate 92 with fertilizer propelling movement on the fertilizer fill.
Spill fertile sub-material board 94 of the V-arrangement of installing in the intermediate position of fighting 8, sub-material board 94 is including two integrated into one piece and be the wedge plate 95 that the splayed distributes, and sub-material board 94 in spilling fertile fill 8 makes fertilizer when spilling fertile fill 8 rotatory, because inertia effect, fertilizer can be to the both ends gathering of spilling fertile fill 8.
The contained angle of the place plane of wedge plate 95 and horizontal plane is the acute angle, and the normal direction contained angle of the place plane of two wedge plates 95 is the right angle, spreads fertilizer and fights 8 internal branch flitch 94 and makes fertilizer when rotatory in the fertilizer spreading fill, because inertial action, fertilizer can be to the both ends gathering of fertilizer spreading fill 8, the place plane of wedge plate 95 is the acute angle with the contained angle of horizontal plane, and the normal direction contained angle of the place plane of two wedge plates 95 is the right angle, can improve the effect of fertilizer to both ends gathering.
A plurality of rotating rollers 63 are rotatably mounted in the middle of the two shielding parts 61, the conveyor belt 62 is sleeved on all the rotating rollers 63, the axes of all the rotating rollers 63 are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft 81, a driving motor 64 is mounted at the end part of one of the rotating rollers 63, the driving motor 64 drives the rotating rollers 63 to rotate, so that the conveyor belt 62 starts to rotate, and the dropped fertilizer is pushed to the space between the two cambered plates 92 by the pushing plate 65.
Spill fertile fill 8 and be cambered surface structure's panel, spill fertile fill 8 and pass through link and rotation axis 81 normal running fit, spill fertile fill 8 axis and rotation axis 81's axis parallel, spill fertile fill 8 when upwards rotatory around rotation axis 81, can go a part even spilling, another part is thrown to the regional of spilling of rotatory roller 3.
The layering frame 5 is provided with a V-shaped baffle plate 66 right below the output end of the conveyor belt 62, so that fertilizer is prevented from remaining in the layering frame 5.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a fertile device is spilt in supplementary of solid manure spreader, is including installing rectangle frame (31) and two rotatory roller (3) that all have spiral manure spreading plate (4) of installing at solid manure spreader (1) discharge end, its characterized in that: the auxiliary fertilizer spreading device (2) comprises a layered frame (5) arranged at the bottom of a rectangular frame (31), a collecting device (6) for collecting fertilizers which are not spread by rotating rollers (3) and a pushing device (7) for pushing the collected fertilizers to spreading areas of two rotating rollers (3), wherein the collecting device (6) is arranged on the layered frame (5), the pushing device (7) comprises a fertilizer spreading hopper (8) hinged to the bottom of the rectangular frame (31) and a pushing assembly (9) for pushing the fertilizers to the fertilizer spreading hopper (8), the collecting device (6) comprises a conveyor belt (62) and shielding parts (61) used for shielding two sides of the conveyor belt (62), a plurality of pushing plates (65) are arranged on the conveyor belt (62) at intervals along the circumferential direction of the conveyor belt, and a avoiding hole (32) used for avoiding the conveyor belt (62) is arranged between the two rotating rollers (3) at the bottom of the rectangular frame (31), spill fertile fill (8) and articulate bottom rectangular frame (31) through rotation axis (81), the axis of rotation axis (81) is parallel with rectangular frame's (31) width direction, and it has top to push away cylinder (93) all to articulate at spill fertile fill (8) both ends, the end that pushes away cylinder (93) is articulated with the bottom of layered frame (5).
2. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the output of conveyer belt (62) extends to directly over propelling movement subassembly (9), propelling movement subassembly (9) are including two propelling movement cylinders (91) that are splayed horizontal symmetry and set up in conveyer belt (62) both sides, the equal vertical cambered plate (92) that are provided with of output of every propelling movement cylinder (91), the vertical setting of axis of cambered plate (92), the output shaft axis of propelling movement cylinder (91) and the eccentric department fixed connection of cambered plate (92), two cambered plate (92) openings are relative and scatter fertile fill (8) towards.
3. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: an inverted V-shaped distributing plate (94) is installed in the middle of the fertilizer spreading hopper (8), and the distributing plate (94) comprises two wedge plates (95) which are integrally formed and distributed in a splayed shape.
4. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the included angle between the plane where the wedge plates (95) are located and the horizontal plane is an acute angle, and the normal included angle between the planes where the two wedge plates (95) are located is a right angle.
5. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a plurality of rotating rollers (63) are rotatably arranged in the middle of the two shielding parts (61), the conveying belt (62) is sleeved on all the rotating rollers (63), the axes of all the rotating rollers (63) are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft (81), and a driving motor (64) is arranged at the end part of one rotating roller (63).
6. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fertilizer spreading hopper (8) is a panel with a cambered surface structure, the fertilizer spreading hopper (8) is in running fit with the rotating shaft (81) through the connecting frame, and the axis of the fertilizer spreading hopper (8) is parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft (81).
7. The auxiliary fertilizer spreading device of the solid fertilizer spreading vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a V-shaped material baffle plate (66) is arranged under the output end of the conveyor belt (62) of the layered frame (5).
CN201911335982.9A 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Supplementary fertile device that spreads fertilizer of solid manure spreader Active CN111066415B (en)

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CN201911335982.9A CN111066415B (en) 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Supplementary fertile device that spreads fertilizer of solid manure spreader

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN111066415B true CN111066415B (en) 2021-06-01

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DD96016A5 (en) * 1971-05-06 1973-03-05
EP1654920A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-10 Samson Agro A/S Rear guard with transporting properties for a manure spreader
CN201409301Y (en) * 2009-01-08 2010-02-24 上海正宏粮食机械设备有限公司 Environmental-protection transporting fertilization splashing car for poultry manure
CN107615963A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-23 南京通用电气装备有限公司 A kind of automatic fertilization car
CN111108878A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-05-08 李晶 Hydraulic engineering is with throwing fertile equipment to farmland

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DD96016A5 (en) * 1971-05-06 1973-03-05
EP1654920A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-10 Samson Agro A/S Rear guard with transporting properties for a manure spreader
CN201409301Y (en) * 2009-01-08 2010-02-24 上海正宏粮食机械设备有限公司 Environmental-protection transporting fertilization splashing car for poultry manure
CN107615963A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-23 南京通用电气装备有限公司 A kind of automatic fertilization car
CN111108878A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-05-08 李晶 Hydraulic engineering is with throwing fertile equipment to farmland

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