CN110950072A - Material receiving device - Google Patents

Material receiving device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110950072A
CN110950072A CN201911178900.4A CN201911178900A CN110950072A CN 110950072 A CN110950072 A CN 110950072A CN 201911178900 A CN201911178900 A CN 201911178900A CN 110950072 A CN110950072 A CN 110950072A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
piece
workpiece
transfer
collecting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201911178900.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110950072B (en
Inventor
张建刚
洪玉
杨波
史雨杭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fu Tai Hua Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Shenzhen Yuzhan Precision Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fu Tai Hua Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fu Tai Hua Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd filed Critical Fu Tai Hua Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911178900.4A priority Critical patent/CN110950072B/en
Publication of CN110950072A publication Critical patent/CN110950072A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110950072B publication Critical patent/CN110950072B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/918Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers with at least two picking-up heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/907Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials with at least two picking-up heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/042Sensors

Abstract

A material receiving device comprises a moving and carrying part, a scanning mechanism, a controller and a carrying mechanism, wherein the controller is electrically connected with the scanning mechanism and the moving and carrying part respectively and can control the moving and carrying part to grab a workpiece scanned and identified by the scanning mechanism and transfer the workpiece to the carrying mechanism. The material receiving device scans and identifies the workpiece through the scanning mechanism, so that the controller can respond quickly to control the transfer piece to quickly grab the workpiece identified by scanning and transfer the workpiece to the bearing mechanism, and the operation efficiency is improved.

Description

Material receiving device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a material receiving device.
Background
The punching production efficiency is high, the punching speed is faster and faster under the permission of a machine tool and a die, more manpower needs to be invested at the tail part of the punching machine for receiving materials, a plurality of workpieces are collected together to enter a subsequent processing section, for example, when plate-type workpieces are punched and produced, the workpieces need to be collected and put into a cleaning frame to enter a cleaning section, but the manual receiving efficiency is low, and the cost is high.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, there is a need for a material receiving device.
A material receiving device comprises a moving and carrying part, a scanning mechanism, a controller and a carrying mechanism, wherein the controller is electrically connected with the scanning mechanism and the moving and carrying part respectively and can control the moving and carrying part to grab a workpiece scanned and identified by the scanning mechanism and transfer the workpiece to the carrying mechanism.
Further, the transfer part comprises a suction component capable of sucking the workpiece, and the suction component comprises a plurality of suction cups capable of sucking the workpiece; the sucker is communicated with a vacuum generator.
Further, the transfer piece also comprises an adjusting block, and the adjusting block is provided with a leveling surface capable of leveling the workpiece; the adsorption component is elastically arranged in the adjusting block and protrudes out of the plane.
Furthermore, a plurality of mounting holes corresponding to the suckers one to one are formed in the leveling surface, the suckers are elastically arranged in the mounting holes, and the suckers protrude out of the leveling surface.
Further, the carrying mechanism comprises a conveying assembly and a plurality of carrier plates arranged on the conveying assembly, the carrier plates are used for carrying and positioning the workpieces, and the conveying assembly is used for driving the carrier plates to move.
Further, the material receiving device further comprises a conveying mechanism, and the scanning mechanism is used for scanning and identifying the workpieces conveyed by the conveying mechanism; the scanning mechanism comprises a detection piece and an encoder which are respectively electrically connected with the transfer piece, the encoder is used for detecting the dynamic position of a workpiece in the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism, the detection piece is used for detecting the placement position of the workpiece on the conveying mechanism, and the controller controls the transfer piece to grab the workpiece according to the dynamic position and the placement position of the workpiece.
Furthermore, the material receiving device further comprises a first conveying mechanism and a transferring mechanism, wherein the first conveying mechanism corresponds to the bearing mechanism and is used for grabbing the workpiece on the bearing mechanism and transferring the workpiece to the transferring mechanism.
Further, the first conveying mechanism comprises a first conveying part and a grabbing part, the grabbing part comprises a plurality of first leveling parts for adsorbing and fixing the workpieces, and the first leveling parts and the first conveying part are used for conveying the first leveling parts between the bearing mechanism and the transferring mechanism.
Further, a pitch of the plurality of first levelers is adjustable.
Furthermore, the first conveying mechanism further comprises an adjusting piece, the adjusting piece comprises a telescopic driving piece, a telescopic rod assembly and a plurality of connecting pieces which are arranged in a sliding mode, at least one first leveling piece is arranged on one connecting piece, the telescopic rod assembly comprises a plurality of hinged portions, one hinged portion can drive the other hinged portions to move synchronously so as to change the distance between the plurality of hinged portions, each hinged portion is hinged to one connecting piece, and the telescopic driving piece is connected with one connecting piece and can drive the connecting pieces to move.
Further, the grasping element further includes a plurality of control valves and a plurality of grasping sensors, each of the control valves and the grasping sensors being respectively engaged with one of the first leveling elements.
Further, the transport mechanism includes upset drive structure, a plurality of commentaries on classics board and a plurality of second flattening piece, at least one the second flattening piece set up in change the board for it is fixed to adsorb the work piece, upset drive structure and a plurality of change the board and be connected respectively and can drive a plurality ofly it rotates to change the board.
Further, the second leveling member is provided at a side thereof turned downward with an abutting portion for stopping the work.
Furthermore, the material receiving device further comprises a second conveying mechanism, wherein the second conveying mechanism corresponds to the transfer mechanism and is used for grabbing the workpieces on the transfer mechanism and conveying the workpieces to a material receiving basket.
Further, the second conveying mechanism comprises a plurality of clamping pieces, each clamping piece comprises a clamping driving piece and two clamping jaws, and the clamping driving pieces can drive the two clamping jaws to move towards or away from each other so as to grab or release the workpiece.
Further, a plurality of protruding parts are arranged on the two clamping jaws in an opposite mode.
Further, material collecting device still includes unloading mechanism, unloading mechanism includes respectively with the third that second transport mechanism corresponds moves send, material loading spare and unloading spare, material loading spare be used for with material collecting basket moves to second transport mechanism's material loading position department, the third is moved the piece and is used for conveying material collecting basket extremely material unloading position department, the unloading spare will material collecting basket shifts out material collecting device.
Above-mentioned material collecting device passes through scanning mechanism scanning discernment work piece, makes the controller can quick response to control the work piece that carries snatchs the work piece of being scanned discernment fast and transfer to bearing mechanism, improved the operating efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a material receiving device in an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the material receiving device shown in fig. 1 from another view angle.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the material receiving device shown in fig. 2 at the position III.
Fig. 4 is a perspective exploded view of the carrying mechanism of the material receiving device shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the first conveying mechanism in the material collecting device shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the first conveyance mechanism shown in fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a transfer mechanism in the material receiving device shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the second conveying mechanism in the material receiving device shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a feeding member in the material receiving device shown in fig. 1.
Description of the main elements
Material receiving device 100
Rack 10
Transport mechanism 20
Transfer member 30
Transfer drive unit 31
Adsorption assembly 33
Suction cup 331
Adjusting block 35
Mounting hole 353
Plane 355
Support means 40
Transfer assembly 41
First support 411
Load bearing drive 412
Drive wheel 413
Driven wheel 414
Drive train 415
Support plate 43
Storage groove 431
Positioning part 433
First transfer mechanism 50
First transfer member 51
Gripping member 53
Second support member 531
First flattening member 533
Adjusting block 5331
Mounting hole 5332
Sucker 5333
Control valve 534
Grab sensor 535
Vacuum generator 501
Adjusting part 55
Connector 551
Telescopic rod assembly 553
Hinge 5531
Telescopic driving piece 555
Transfer mechanism 60
Third support 61
Tumble drive 62
Rack 63
Stop 631
Gear 64
Rotating plate 65
A second flattening member 66
Adjusting block 661
Mounting hole 6611
Abutment 6613
Suction cup 663
Roll-over sensor 67
Buffer 68
Second transfer mechanism 70
Second transfer member 71
Fourth supporting member 73
Distance-adjustable driving member 75
Adapter 77
Clamp 79
Clamping driving piece 791
Clamping jaw 793
Protrusion 7931
Scanning mechanism 80
Detecting member 81
Feeding and discharging mechanism 90
Third transfer member 91
Feeding member 93
Lifting member 931, 951
Lifting drive 9311
Gripping member 9313
Fourth transfer parts 933, 953
Support 9331
Tray 9333
Blanking piece 95
Workpiece 200
Hole 201
Receiving basket 300
The following detailed description will further illustrate the invention in conjunction with the above-described figures.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that when one component is referred to as being "connected" to another component, it can be directly connected to the other component or intervening components may also be present. When a component is referred to as being "disposed on" another component, it can be directly on the other component or intervening components may also be present.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, a material collecting device 100 is used for rapidly collecting a plurality of workpieces 200, so that the plurality of workpieces 200 enter a next processing procedure, such as a cleaning procedure. In one embodiment, the workpiece 200 is a plate-like structure, but not limited thereto. For example, in other embodiments, the workpiece 200 may have other structures such as a block. The material receiving device 100 includes a frame 10, a conveying mechanism 20, and a transfer unit 30, a scanning mechanism 80, a carrying mechanism 40, and a controller (not shown) respectively disposed on the frame 10. The conveying mechanism 20 is connected to a processing device (not shown) and is used for conveying the processed workpiece 200 into the material receiving device 100. In one embodiment, the processing apparatus is a stamping apparatus, the processing apparatus stamps the workpiece 200 to form a plate-like structure, and the workpiece 200 forms a hole 201, but is not limited thereto. The controller is electrically connected to the scanning mechanism 80 and the transfer unit 30, and can control the transfer unit 30 to grab the workpiece 200 scanned and identified by the scanning mechanism 80 and transfer the workpiece to the carrying mechanism 40.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the carrying mechanism 40 is located at one side of the conveying mechanism 20 and can carry a plurality of workpieces 200. The transfer unit 30 is located above the conveying mechanism 20, and is configured to grasp the workpieces 200 from the conveying mechanism 20 and sequentially transfer the workpieces to the carrying mechanism 40.
Referring to fig. 3, the transfer unit 30 includes a transfer driving unit 31, an absorption assembly 33 capable of absorbing the workpiece 200, and a conditioning block 35. The transfer driving member 31 is disposed on the frame 10. The adjustment block 35 is disposed on the transfer drive member 31. The transfer driving unit 31 is used for driving the adjusting block 35 to move above the workpiece 200 conveyed by the conveying mechanism 20. The suction assembly 33 includes a plurality of suction cups 331 adapted to suck the workpiece 200. The suction cup 331 is a vacuum type suction cup connected to a vacuum generator (not shown), and can better adsorb a workpiece without causing damage. The set block 35 has a planar surface 355 that can flatten the workpiece 200. The suction component 33 is elastically disposed in the adjusting block 35, and the suction component 33 protrudes from the flat surface 355. The whole plane 355 is provided with a plurality of mounting holes 353 corresponding to the suckers 331 one to one. The suction cup 331 is elastically provided in the mounting hole 353. The suction cup 331 protrudes from the flat surface 355. Specifically, when the suction cup 331 sucks the workpiece 200, one end of the suction cup 331 protruding out of the adjustment block 35 retracts into the installation hole 353, so that the workpiece 200 is attached to the flat surface 355, the stressed area of the workpiece 200 is increased, and the stress of the workpiece 200 is uniform to avoid deformation. In one embodiment, the transfer driving member 31 is a parallel robot, but is not limited thereto. For example, in another embodiment, the transfer drive unit 31 may be a four-axis or six-axis robot.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the transfer member 30 may be a gripping structure such as a pneumatic gripper. The adjusting block 35 may also be omitted.
Referring to fig. 1, the scanning mechanism 80 includes a detecting member 81 and an encoder (not shown) respectively electrically connected to the transfer member 30. The encoder is disposed on the conveying mechanism 20 and is used for detecting a dynamic position of the workpiece 200 in a conveying direction of the conveying mechanism 20. The detection component 81 is used for detecting the placement position of the workpiece 200 on the conveying mechanism 20. The controller controls the transfer unit 30 to grasp the workpiece 200 according to the dynamic position and the placement position of the workpiece 200. So that the transfer member 30 can rapidly and precisely grasp the workpiece 200 on the carrying mechanism 20.
Referring to fig. 4, the carrier mechanism 40 includes a conveying assembly 41 and a plurality of carrier plates 43 disposed on the conveying assembly 41. The carrier plate 43 is used for carrying and positioning the workpiece 200. The conveying assembly 41 is used for driving a plurality of carrier plates 43 to move. The conveying assembly 41 comprises a first support 411, a carrying driving element 412, a driving wheel 413, a driven wheel 414 and a transmission chain 415. The first supporting member 411 is disposed on the frame 10 and located at one side of the conveying mechanism 20. The driving pulley 413 and the driven pulley 414 are respectively rotatably disposed on the first supporting member 411. The carrying driving member 412 is disposed on the first supporting member 411 and connected to the driving wheel 413. The transmission chain 415 is sleeved on the driving wheel 413 and the driven wheel 414. A plurality of the carrier plates 43 are disposed on the drive chain 415. The carrier driving element 412 drives the driving wheel 413 and the driven wheel 414 to rotate, so that the transmission chain 415 drives the plurality of carrier plates 43 to move. The transfer unit 30 sequentially picks up and transfers the work from the conveyance mechanism 20 to each of the carrier plates 43.
The carrier plate 43 is provided with at least one receiving groove 431 for receiving the workpiece 200. In an embodiment, the number of the receiving grooves 431 of each carrier 43 is three, but not limited thereto. The carrier plate 43 is provided with a positioning portion 433 in each of the receiving grooves 431 corresponding to the hole 201 of the workpiece 200. The positioning part 433 is inserted into the hole 201 to position the workpiece 200. It is understood that in other embodiments, the positioning part 433 may be omitted.
In one embodiment, the driving chain 415 is a chain structure, and the driving wheel 413 and the driven wheel 414 are sprockets, but not limited thereto. For example, in other embodiments, the transmission chain 415 may also be a synchronous belt, and the driving pulley 413 and the driven pulley 414 are synchronous pulleys.
Referring to fig. 1, the material receiving device 100 further includes a first conveying mechanism 50 and a transferring mechanism 60. The first transfer mechanism 50 corresponds to the carrying mechanism 40, and is configured to grasp the workpiece 200 on the carrying mechanism 40 and transfer the workpiece to the transfer mechanism 60.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the first transfer mechanism 50 includes a first transfer member 51 and a gripping member 53. The first conveying member 51 is disposed on the frame 10 and located on a side of the carrying mechanism 40 away from the conveying mechanism 20. The gripping member 53 is provided on the first transfer member 51. In an embodiment, the first conveying element 51 is a driving structure formed by two linear modules and capable of driving the grabbing element 53 to move in a direction parallel to and perpendicular to the direction in which the conveying mechanism 20 conveys the workpiece 200, respectively, but is not limited thereto. The gripping member 53 is used for simultaneously gripping a plurality of workpieces 200 on the carrying mechanism 40.
Referring now to fig. 6, the grasping member 53 includes a second support member 531 and a plurality of first flattening members 533. The second support member 531 is disposed on the first transfer member 51. The first flattening member 533 includes a set block 5331 and a plurality of suction cups 5333. The adjusting blocks 5331 are disposed on the second support 531. The adjustment block 5331 is provided with a plurality of mounting holes 3332. The suction cup 5333 is elastically disposed in the mounting hole 5332, and can protrude out of the adjusting block 5331 and retract into the adjusting block 5331. The suction cup 5333 is in communication with the vacuum generator 501. In one embodiment, the vacuum generator 501 is disposed on the second support 531, but not limited thereto. When the suction cup 5333 sucks the workpiece 200, one end of the suction cup 5333 protruding out of the adjusting block 5331 retracts into the mounting hole 5332, so that the workpiece 200 is attached to the adjusting block 5331, the stress area of the workpiece 200 is increased, and the stress of the workpiece 200 is uniform to avoid deformation.
Referring now to fig. 5, the gripper 53 further includes a plurality of control valves 534 and a plurality of gripper sensors 535. A plurality of control valves 534 are respectively disposed on the second supports 531. Each of the grabbing sensors 535 is disposed on a corresponding one of the first flattening members 533 and is used for detecting whether the workpiece 200 is located at a corresponding position of the carrying mechanism 40. Each of the control valves 534 is used to control the presence or absence of the suction force of a corresponding one of the first flattening members 533. When the grasping sensor 535 detects that the workpiece 200 is not present on the carrying mechanism 40 corresponding to the first flattening member 533, the control valve 534 controls the suction cup 5333 of the first flattening member 533 to release the vacuum suction. The control valve 534 enables each of the first flattening members 533 of the grasping members 53 to independently grasp a respective workpiece 200. It is understood that in other embodiments, the control valve 534 and the grab sensor 535 may be omitted.
Referring to fig. 6, in one embodiment, the pitch of the plurality of workpieces 200 of the carrying mechanism 40 is different from the pitch of the plurality of workpieces 200 of the transferring mechanism 60. The first transfer mechanism 50 further includes an adjustment member 55. The adjustment member 55 includes a plurality of connectors 551, a telescoping pole assembly 553 and a telescoping drive member 555. A plurality of the connectors 551 are slidably disposed on the second support member 531. At least one of the first flattening members 533 is disposed on the connecting member 551. The number of the first flattening pieces 533 is the same as that of the positioning parts 433 of the carrier plate 43 of the carrier mechanism 40. In one embodiment, three first flattening members 533 are disposed on the connecting member 551, but not limited thereto. The telescopic rod assembly 553 comprises a plurality of hinge portions 5531 which are collinear, wherein the movement of one hinge portion 5531 can drive the other hinge portions 5531 to move synchronously so as to change the distance between the hinge portions 5531. Each of the hinge portions 5531 is hinged to one of the connector members 551. The telescopic driving member 555 is disposed on the second supporting member 531, and is connected to one of the connectors 551. The telescopic driving member 555 drives the connecting member 551 connected thereto to move, and the telescopic rod assembly 553 enables the space between the connecting members 551 to be synchronously increased or decreased, so that the space between the workpieces 200 picked up from the carrying mechanism 40 is changed and then the workpieces are put into the transfer mechanism 60.
It is understood that, in other embodiments, the first conveying member 51 may also be a variable pitch structure such as a variable pitch cylinder.
In one embodiment, the number of the carrier plates 43 of the carrier mechanism 40 is greater than the number of the connectors 551 of the grasping elements 53, so that the grasping elements 53 and the transfer elements 30 can operate simultaneously.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the pitch of the plurality of workpieces 200 on the carrying mechanism 40 may be the same as the pitch of the plurality of workpieces 200 on the transferring mechanism 60. The adjustment member 55 may be omitted.
Referring to fig. 7, the transfer mechanism 60 can simultaneously turn each of the workpieces 200 by a set angle. The transfer mechanism 60 comprises a third support 61 and a flipping drive structure, a plurality of rotating plates 65 and a plurality of second screeds 66. The turning driving structure is used for driving a plurality of the rotating plates 65 to rotate simultaneously. The tumble drive mechanism includes a tumble drive member 62, a rack gear 63, and a plurality of gear wheels 64. The third supporting member 61 is disposed on the frame 10 and is located at one side of the supporting mechanism 40. The turnover driving member 62 and the rack gear 63 are respectively disposed on the third supporting member 61. The turnover driving member 62 is connected to one end of the rack 63 and can drive the rack 63 to reciprocate. The plurality of gears 64 are rotatably disposed at intervals on the third support 61, and respectively engaged with the racks 63. The plurality of rotating plates 65 are rotatably disposed at intervals on the third support 61. Each of the rotating plates 65 is connected with the corresponding gear 64 in a rotation stopping manner. At least one of the second flattening members 66 is provided to the rotating plate 65. In one embodiment, the number of the rotating plates 65 of the second flattening member 66 is three, but not limited thereto. The second flattening member 66 is used for suction-fixing the work 200, and can flatten the work 200 to prevent deformation thereof. The turnover driving member 62 drives the rack 63 to move so as to drive each of the gears 64 and the rotating plate 65 to rotate by a set angle. In one embodiment, the set angle is 83 degrees, so that the workpiece 200 with a plate-shaped structure is rotated from a flat state to a vertical state.
Referring to fig. 7, the second leveling member 66 includes an adjusting block 661 and a plurality of suction cups 663. The adjusting block 661 is disposed on the rotating plate 65. The adjusting block 661 has a plurality of mounting holes 6611. The suction cup 663 is elastically arranged in the mounting hole 6611. The suction cup 663 is communicated with a vacuum generator (not shown). When the suction disc 663 adsorbs the workpiece 200, one end of the suction disc 663 protruding out of the adjusting block 661 retracts into the mounting hole 6611, so that the workpiece 200 is attached to the adjusting block 661, the stress area of the workpiece 200 is increased, and the stress of the workpiece 200 is uniform to avoid deformation. An abutting portion 6613 is further provided on the downward side of the rotation of the adjusting block 661. When the work 200 is turned to the vertical state, the abutting portion 6613 can abut against the work 200 to prevent the work 200 from dropping.
Referring to fig. 7, the transfer mechanism 60 further includes a plurality of roll-over sensors 67. The plurality of the turning sensors 67 are disposed at both sides of the third supporter 61, and are used to detect a turning state of the workpiece 200.
Referring to fig. 7, the transfer mechanism 60 further includes two buffers 68. The rack 63 is provided with two stoppers 631 at intervals. Two of the buffers 68 are disposed on the third support 61. The two buffers 68 are located between the two stoppers 631. When the rack 63 moves, the stopping portion 631 is stopped by the corresponding buffer 68, so that the workpiece 200 is maintained at a predetermined angle.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the inversion driving mechanism formed by the inversion driving member 62, the rack 63, and the plurality of gears 64 for driving the rotation plate 65 to rotate may be replaced by other driving mechanisms, for example, a timing belt drives a plurality of timing belt pulleys to rotate, and each rotation plate 65 is connected to a corresponding timing belt pulley for rotation stopping.
Referring to fig. 1, the material receiving device 100 further includes a second conveying mechanism 70. The second transfer mechanism 70 corresponds to the transfer mechanism 60, and is configured to grasp the workpiece 200 on the transfer mechanism 60 and transfer the workpiece to a receiving basket 300. The receiving basket 300 is carried by the frame 10 and located on a side of the transferring mechanism 60 facing away from the conveying mechanism 20.
Referring to fig. 8, the second transfer mechanism 70 includes a second transfer member 71, a fourth support member 73, a distance adjusting driving member 75, an adapter member 77, and a plurality of clamping members 79. The second transfer member 71 is provided to the frame 10. The fourth supporting member 73 is provided to the second transfer member 71. The second transfer member 71 can drive the fourth support member 73 to be transferred toward or away from the transfer mechanism 60 and to move in the vertical direction. The adaptor 77 is slidably disposed on the fourth supporting member 73. The distance adjusting driving member 75 is disposed on the fourth supporting member 73 and connected to the adaptor 77. The distance adjusting driving member 75 is used for driving the adaptor to move towards or away from the second moving member 71. A plurality of the clips 79 are provided on the adaptor 77. The clamp 79 includes a clamp drive 791 and two clamping jaws 793. The clamping driving member 791 is disposed on the adaptor 77. The two clamping jaws 793 are oppositely arranged on the clamping driving piece 791. The clamping driving member 791 can drive the two clamping jaws 793 to move towards or away from each other to grab or release the workpiece 200. In an embodiment, the two clamping jaws 793 are provided with a plurality of protruding parts 7931 facing each other, but not limited thereto. The second transfer member 71 drives the adaptor member 77 to move above the transfer mechanism 60. Each clamping driving piece 791 drives the clamping jaws 793 to clamp the workpiece 200. The second transfer member 71 drives the transfer member 77 to move above the receiving basket 300. The clamping driving member 791 drives the clamping jaws 793 to release the workpiece 200 into the receiving basket.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 9, the material receiving device 100 further includes a loading and unloading mechanism 90. The loading and unloading mechanism 90 includes a third transfer member 91, a loading member 93 and a unloading member 95. The third transfer member 91 is disposed on the rack 10 and located on a side of the second conveying mechanism 70 facing away from the transfer mechanism 60. The feeding member 93 and the discharging member 95 are disposed on the frame 10 and below the third transfer member 91. The feeding member 93 is used for transferring the empty receiving basket 300 to one side of the second conveying mechanism 70 to receive the plurality of workpieces 200 transferred by the second conveying mechanism 70. The third transfer member 91 is used for transferring the receiving basket 300 filled with a plurality of the work pieces 200 to the blanking member 95. The blanking member 95 moves the receiving basket 300 full of the work 200 out of the receiving apparatus 100.
Referring to fig. 9, the structure of the feeding member 93 and the discharging member 95 is substantially the same. The feeding member 93 includes a lifting member 931 and a fourth transfer member 933. The fourth transfer includes a holder 9331 and a tray 9333. The support 9331 is arranged on the frame 10 and used for bearing the tray 9333, so that the tray 9333 is positioned at a set height position which is easy to feed or discharge. The tray 9333 is used for carrying the receiving basket 300. The tray 9333 is slidably provided to the holder 9331, and the tray 9333 is pushed and pulled to move along the holder 9331 to enter and exit the material receiving device 100. When the tray 9333 is moved out of the material collecting device 100, the material collecting basket 300 can be placed in the tray 9333. When the tray 9333 moves into the material collecting device 100, the tray 9333 can stop to one side of the lifting member 931. The lifting member 931 includes a lifting drive member 9311 and a gripping member 9313. The lifting driving member 9311 is disposed on the frame 10. The clamping member 9313 is slidably disposed on the lifting driving member 9311 and is used for clamping the material receiving basket 300. The lifting drive 9311 is capable of driving the gripper 9313 and the empty receiving basket 300 to move towards a loading level at the intersection of the third transfer element 91 and the second conveyor 70. The blanking member 95 includes a lifting member 951 and a fourth transfer member 953. The third transfer member 91 transfers the loaded receiving basket 300 from the loading position to the unloading position. The lifter 951 holds the receiving basket 300 at the discharging position and transfers it to the fourth transfer part 953. The fourth transfer member 953 is used for transferring the receiving basket 300 out of the receiving apparatus 100 to perform blanking of the receiving basket 300.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the loading and unloading mechanism 90 may be omitted. The receiving basket 300 may be directly placed on the frame 10.
In operation, the conveying mechanism 20 conveys the processed workpiece 200 into the material receiving device 100. The transfer unit 30 grasps and transfers the workpiece 200 to the carrying mechanism 40. The first transfer mechanism 50 picks up and transfers a plurality of the work pieces 200 to the transfer mechanism 60. The transfer mechanism 60 can simultaneously turn a plurality of the workpieces 200 to a predetermined angle, such as the front and back of the workpieces 200, but not limited thereto, and can be set according to the actual situation. The loading member 93 moves an empty receiving basket 300 to a loading position. The second transfer mechanism 70 grabs and transfers the plurality of turned-over workpieces 200 to the receiving basket 300. When the receiving basket 300 is filled with the workpiece 200, the third transfer member 91 grips the receiving basket 300 and transfers the receiving basket 300 to a discharging position. The blanking member 95 moves the receiving basket 300 out of the receiving device 100, so that the workpiece 200 can be cleaned or processed.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the plurality of workpieces 200 carried by the carrying mechanism 40 may also directly enter the processing procedure, and the first conveying mechanism 50, the transferring mechanism 60, the second conveying mechanism 70, and the loading and unloading mechanism 90 may also be omitted.
The material receiving device 100 scans and identifies the workpiece 200 on the conveying mechanism 20 by using the scanning mechanism 80, so that the controller can respond quickly to control the transfer member 30 to grasp the workpiece 200 quickly and transfer the workpiece 200 to the bearing mechanism 40, thereby improving the operation efficiency.
In addition, other modifications within the spirit of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art, and such modifications are, of course, included within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (17)

1. The material receiving device is characterized by comprising a moving and carrying part, a scanning mechanism, a controller and a carrying mechanism, wherein the controller is electrically connected with the scanning mechanism and the moving and carrying part respectively and can control the moving and carrying part to grab a workpiece scanned and identified by the scanning mechanism and transfer the workpiece to the carrying mechanism.
2. The collecting device of claim 1, characterized in that: the transfer part comprises an adsorption component capable of adsorbing the workpiece; the adsorption component comprises a plurality of suckers capable of adsorbing the workpiece; the sucker is communicated with a vacuum generator.
3. The collecting device of claim 2, characterized in that: the transfer piece further comprises an adjusting block, and the adjusting block is provided with a leveling surface capable of leveling the workpiece; the adsorption component is elastically arranged in the adjusting block and protrudes out of the plane.
4. The collecting device of claim 3, characterized in that: the leveling surface is provided with a plurality of mounting holes corresponding to the suckers one by one, the suckers are elastically arranged in the mounting holes, and the suckers protrude out of the leveling surface.
5. The collecting device of claim 1, characterized in that: the bearing mechanism comprises a conveying assembly and a plurality of carrier plates arranged on the conveying assembly, the carrier plates are used for bearing and positioning the workpieces, and the conveying assembly is used for driving the carrier plates to move.
6. The collecting device of claim 1, characterized in that: the scanning mechanism is used for scanning and identifying the workpieces conveyed by the conveying mechanism; the scanning mechanism comprises a detection piece and an encoder which are respectively electrically connected with the transfer piece, the encoder is used for detecting the dynamic position of a workpiece in the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism, the detection piece is used for detecting the placement position of the workpiece on the conveying mechanism, and the controller controls the transfer piece to grab the workpiece according to the dynamic position and the placement position of the workpiece.
7. The collecting device of claim 1, characterized in that: the material receiving device further comprises a first conveying mechanism and a transferring mechanism, wherein the first conveying mechanism corresponds to the bearing mechanism and is used for grabbing the workpiece on the bearing mechanism and transferring the workpiece to the transferring mechanism.
8. The collecting device of claim 7, characterized in that: the first conveying mechanism comprises a first conveying piece and a grabbing piece, the grabbing piece comprises a plurality of first leveling pieces used for adsorbing and fixing the workpieces, and the first leveling pieces are used for conveying the first leveling pieces between the bearing mechanism and the transferring mechanism.
9. The collecting device of claim 8, characterized in that: the spacing of the plurality of first levelers is adjustable.
10. The collecting device of claim 9, characterized in that: the first conveying mechanism further comprises an adjusting piece, the adjusting piece comprises a telescopic driving piece, a telescopic rod assembly and a plurality of connecting pieces which are arranged in a sliding mode, at least one first leveling piece is arranged on one connecting piece, the telescopic rod assembly comprises a plurality of hinged portions, one hinged portion can drive the other hinged portions to move synchronously so as to change the distance between the plurality of hinged portions, each hinged portion is hinged to one connecting piece, and the telescopic driving piece is connected with one connecting piece and can drive the connecting piece to move.
11. The collecting device of claim 8, characterized in that: the grabbing piece further comprises a plurality of control valves and a plurality of grabbing sensors, and each control valve and each grabbing sensor are respectively matched with one first leveling piece.
12. The collecting device of claim 7, characterized in that: transport mechanism includes upset drive structure, a plurality of commentaries on classics board and a plurality of second flattening piece, at least one second flattening piece set up in change the board, be used for adsorbing fixedly the work piece, upset drive structure and a plurality of change the board and connect respectively and can drive a plurality ofly it rotates to change the board.
13. The collecting device of claim 12, characterized in that: the second leveling member is provided with an abutting portion for stopping the workpiece on a side thereof which rotates downward.
14. The collecting device of claim 7, characterized in that: the material receiving device further comprises a second conveying mechanism, wherein the second conveying mechanism corresponds to the transfer mechanism and is used for grabbing the workpieces on the transfer mechanism and conveying the workpieces to a material receiving basket.
15. The collecting device of claim 14, characterized in that: the second conveying mechanism comprises a plurality of clamping pieces, each clamping piece comprises a clamping driving piece and two clamping jaws, and the clamping driving pieces can drive the two clamping jaws to move towards or away from each other so as to grab or release the workpiece.
16. The collecting device of claim 15, characterized in that: the two clamping jaws are oppositely provided with a plurality of protruding parts.
17. The collecting device of claim 14, characterized in that: the receiving device further comprises a feeding and discharging mechanism, the feeding and discharging mechanism comprises a third moving part, a feeding part and a discharging part, the third moving part, the feeding part and the discharging part correspond to the second conveying mechanism respectively, the feeding part is used for moving the receiving basket to the feeding position of the second conveying mechanism, the third moving part is used for conveying the receiving basket to the discharging position, and the discharging part moves the receiving basket out of the receiving device.
CN201911178900.4A 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Material receiving device Active CN110950072B (en)

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