CN110745447A - Fungus basket frame unloading machine - Google Patents

Fungus basket frame unloading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110745447A
CN110745447A CN201911158742.6A CN201911158742A CN110745447A CN 110745447 A CN110745447 A CN 110745447A CN 201911158742 A CN201911158742 A CN 201911158742A CN 110745447 A CN110745447 A CN 110745447A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chain
frame
basket
cylinder
push
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Pending
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CN201911158742.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗连富
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Dalian Forsun Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Dalian Forsun Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Dalian Forsun Intelligent Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Dalian Forsun Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911158742.6A priority Critical patent/CN110745447A/en
Publication of CN110745447A publication Critical patent/CN110745447A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0407Storage devices mechanical using stacker cranes

Abstract

The utility model provides a fungus basket unloads a frame machine, includes car unloader and chain machine, and the chain machine is located the car unloader front side, has realized automatic advancing the frame, has unloaded the basket, has gone out the frame, and this in-process need not artifical transport fungus basket to avoid causing the pollution problem that the micropore arouses because of artifical transport many times, and improved production efficiency greatly. In addition, the unloader and the chain machine are controlled by the control system to act in a matching way, so that the problem that the conveying speed and the racking speed are not matched in the traditional conveying and racking processes is solved.

Description

Fungus basket frame unloading machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of edible mushroom production equipment.
Background
In the production process of edible fungi, fungus bags are inoculated and then enter a fungus culturing room for culturing fungi, after the fungi are cultured in the fungus culturing room, fungus baskets need to be unloaded from a fungus culturing vehicle and are conveyed to the fungus culturing room, the traditional unloading mode usually adopts manual unloading, and the fungus baskets are carried and turned over for many times, so that the production efficiency is low, and the inclination of the fungus baskets is large in the carrying process, so that the material bags are extruded, and micropores are easily caused to cause pollution; due to the problems, the unloading equipment gradually appears, but the fungus basket conveying speed and the unloading machine speed of the existing fungus basket conveying equipment cannot be reasonably matched, and the precision and the coordination are poor, so that the low production efficiency is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the problems of the conventional bacteria basket unloading equipment, the invention provides a bacteria basket unloading machine which can work when a bacteria basket enters a rack, unloads the bacteria basket and goes out of the rack simultaneously.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for realizing the purpose is as follows: a fungus basket unloading machine comprises an unloading machine I and a chain machine II, wherein the chain machine II is positioned on the front side of the unloading machine I; the upper part of a frame body 8 of the car unloader I is provided with a lifting motor 1, the upper part of the frame body 8 is positioned at the front side of the lifting motor 1 and is transversely provided with a transmission shaft 38, an output shaft of the lifting motor 1 is provided with a motor gear 2, the transmission shaft 38 is provided with a motor driven gear 3 corresponding to the motor gear 2, the transmission shaft 38 is symmetrically provided with two chain driving gears 4, the bottom of the frame body 8 and the two chain driving gears 4 on the transmission shaft 38 are correspondingly provided with two chain driven gears 23, and a chain 9 is arranged between the corresponding chain driving gears 4 and the chain driven; the rear side of the lifting frame 19 is connected with two chains 9, the front side of the lifting frame 19 is a horizontal front side lifting frame 45, a row of push rod air cylinders 28 are installed on the lifting frame 19, air cylinder rods of the row of push rod air cylinders 28 are connected with a row of transverse push-pull rods 20 on the front side, two rows of pull rod air cylinders I-1 are installed on the row of push-pull rods 20, the front ends of the air cylinder rods of the two rows of pull rod air cylinders I-1 are connected with two rows of push-pull rods I-3, and a bacteria basket handle 51 is installed on the two rows of push-pull; a roller way machine 21 is arranged on the upper part of the front side lifting frame 45 of the lifting frame 19, a roller way motor 43 is connected with the roller way machine 21, and a roller way of the roller way machine 21 is vertically arranged with the lifting frame 19; chain transmission shafts 81 are respectively arranged between front and rear cross beams at two ends of a frame-shaped chain machine frame body 68 of the chain machine II, one end of one chain transmission shaft 81 is connected with the chain motor 54, chain gears 89 are respectively arranged on the inner sides of the front and rear cross beams of the chain machine frame body 68 on each chain transmission shaft 81, and a transmission chain 79 is arranged between the two chain gears 89 on the same side on the two chain transmission shafts 81.
The vertical support body front side in both sides of support body 8 be equipped with linear guide 15 respectively, linear bearing base plate 18 is installed respectively at crane 19 rear side both ends, be equipped with linear bearing base plate screw hole 54 on the linear bearing base plate 18, linear bearing 17 passes through linear bearing connecting screw 16 and installs on linear bearing base plate 18, linear bearing 17 slidable mounting is on linear guide 15.
Two pairs of connecting base blocks 14 are symmetrically arranged on the upper portion and the lower portion of the cross beam of the upper portion of the lifting frame 19, corresponding to each chain 9, in an up-and-down mode, two ends of each chain 9 are fixed to the two connecting base blocks 14 on the same side respectively, chain connecting screws 12 are vertically arranged on the connecting base blocks 14, the end portions of the chains 9 are connected with the chain connecting screws 12 through chain connecting pin shafts 11, and the chain connecting screws 12 are fixed to the connecting base blocks 14 through connecting nuts 13.
The air cylinder baffle 50 and the push rod baffle 29 are transversely arranged on the lifting frame 19 in a front-back parallel mode, the push rod air cylinders 28 are arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the air cylinder baffle 50, the air cylinder rods of the push rod air cylinders 28 penetrate through the air cylinder baffle 50, and the push rod air cylinders 28 penetrate through the push rod baffle 29 on the rear side; two push rod guide rods 27 are symmetrically arranged on the push rod baffle 29 at two sides of the row of push rod air cylinders 28, the push rod guide rods 27 are slidably arranged on the push rod baffle 29 through a guide rod shaft sleeve 44, the push rod guide rods 27 penetrate through the push rod baffle 29 and the air cylinder baffle 50, and the front ends of the push rod guide rods 27 and the air cylinder rods of the row of push rod air cylinders 28 are connected with a row of push-pull rods 20; two rows of pull rod cylinders I-1 are symmetrically arranged on the one row of push-pull rods 20, and the front ends of the cylinder rods of the two rows of pull rod cylinders I-1 are connected with the two rows of push-pull rods I-3.
A basket inlet induction device 34 is arranged on the front side of the frame at one end of the lifting frame 19, an original point induction device 58 is arranged on the front side of the lifting frame 19 at one end of the basket outlet, and a frame position induction device is arranged between the roller ways on the roller way machine 21; an interlayer induction device 40 and a basket drawing induction device I-52 are arranged on the front side of the two rows of push-pull rods I-3; an upper limit normally closed switch 25 and an upper limit sensing device 26 are installed on the upper portion of a frame body upright column 35 on one side of the frame body 8, and a lower limit normally closed switch 36 and a lower limit sensing device 37 are installed on the lower portion of the frame body upright column 35.
The device comprises two rows of push-pull rods I-3, a handle cylinder I-56, a cylinder through hole I-59, a cylinder nut I-60, a cylinder plug rod I-62, a handle cylinder I-56, a plug rod through hole I-61, a bacteria basket handle 51 and a bacteria basket handle, wherein the cylinder through hole I-59 is longitudinally formed in the two rows of push-pull rods I-3, the handle cylinder I-56 is installed in the cylinder through hole I-59, the handle cylinder I-56 is fixed on the two rows of push-pull rods I-3 through a cylinder nut I-60, the lower end of the cylinder plug rod I-62 of the handle cylinder I-56 penetrates through the plug rod through hole I-61 on the lower.
A longitudinal frame connecting beam 66 is arranged between the front cross beam and the rear cross beam of the chain machine frame body 68, the frame connecting beam 66 is positioned between two chain transmission shafts 81, the upper part of the frame connecting beam 66 is positioned below two transmission chains 79 and is respectively provided with a transverse rail supporting beam 78, the upper parts of the front rail supporting beam 78 and the rear rail supporting beam 78 are respectively provided with a chain supporting rail 77, and the transmission chains 79 are arranged on the chain supporting rails 77 in a rolling way; a parking space board 72 for placing the sterilization vehicle 42 is longitudinally arranged between the two driving chains 79, and the bottom of the parking space board 72 is connected with the upper edges of the two chain connecting frames 73 through connecting bolts 74.
A connecting frame supporting beam 65 is arranged between a front track supporting beam 78 and a rear track supporting beam 78 which are positioned at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle 42, two cylinder connecting frames 64 are symmetrically arranged on the connecting frame supporting beam 65 front and back, the cylinder connecting frames 64 are connected with the rear part of a cylinder 62 through frame connecting pin shafts 63, the front end of a cylinder rod of the cylinder 62 is connected with the tail end of a strap clamping hook 56 through a clamping hook connecting pin 61, the middle part of the strap clamping hook 56 is arranged on a clamping hook rotating shaft 60, and two ends of the clamping hook rotating shaft 60 are arranged on the front track supporting beam 78 and the rear track supporting beam 78; the sensing device 55 is arranged on the frame body connecting beam 66 at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle 42.
Pulley shafts 87 are mounted at the front end and the rear end of the parking space access plate 72 through snap rings 90, bearing pulleys 70 are mounted on the pulley shafts 87 and positioned on the outer sides of the parking space access plate 72, and the bearing pulleys 70 are slidably mounted on the upper surfaces of front and rear cross beams of the chain rack body 68.
The sliding track of the bearing pulleys 70 at the four corners of the front and rear beams of the chain machine frame body 68 is a frame pulley circular track 76 which inclines downwards.
The fungus basket unloading machine provided by the invention realizes automatic frame entering, basket unloading and frame exiting, and does not need manual fungus basket transportation in the process, so that the pollution problem caused by micropores due to manual multiple transportation is avoided, and the production efficiency is greatly improved. In addition, the unloader and the chain machine are controlled by the control system to act in a matching way, so that the problem that the conveying speed and the racking speed are not matched in the traditional conveying and racking processes is solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a side view of the construction of the basket unloader of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a main view structural diagram of the unloader.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged structural view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged structural view of part B of fig. 1.
FIG. 5 is a view of the chain and connecting block mounting structure of the unloader.
FIG. 6 is a partial structure view of the handle of the bacteria basket in the section C of FIG. 1.
FIG. 7 is a front view of a handle of a bacteria basket.
FIG. 8 is a partial plan view of the handle of the bacteria basket.
Fig. 9 is a top view structural diagram of the car unloader lifting frame.
Fig. 10 is a construction view of a crane of the unloader.
Fig. 11 is a structure view of the car unloader lifting frame with the push-pull rod in a retracted state.
Fig. 12 is a structural diagram of the state that a row of push-pull rods of the lifting frame of the car unloader are in place.
Fig. 13 is a structural diagram of the two rows of push-pull rods of the lifting frame of the car unloader in the in-place state.
Fig. 14 is a front view structural diagram of a crane with a roller bed machine installed.
Fig. 15 is a top view of the roller bed machine.
FIG. 16 is a top view of the apparatus for unloading baskets of microorganisms of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a chain machine main view structural diagram.
FIG. 18 is a top view of the chain machine.
FIG. 19 is a top view of the hook portion of the fastener of the chain machine strap.
FIG. 20 is a top view of the end of the chain cage.
Fig. 21 is a main view of the chain machine.
FIG. 22 is a front view of the hook portion of the chain machine plate.
FIG. 23 is a front view of the end of the chain cage.
FIG. 24 is a side view of the chain machine.
FIG. 25 is a block diagram of the slide rail at the end of the chain cage body.
FIG. 26 is a side view of the assembly of the chain loading space strap and the frame connecting beam.
FIG. 27 is a front view of the assembly of the chain loading dock leveler and the frame connecting beam.
FIG. 28 is a view of the construction of the chain motor dock leveler assembly.
FIG. 29 is a block diagram of a chain conveyor access panel.
FIG. 30 is a top view of the bacteria basket unloading machine with the bacteria cart in place and the bacteria basket handle lifted.
FIG. 31 is a top view of the bacteria basket unloading machine with the bacteria basket pull rod in place and the bacteria basket handle falling.
FIG. 32 is a plan view showing the construction of the first row of baskets with the basket draw bars retracted in the basket unloader according to the present invention.
FIG. 33 is a top view of the first basket unloader according to the present invention.
FIG. 34 is a top view of the first basket carrier of the present invention, showing the first basket carrier and the basket carrier lifted.
FIG. 35 is a top view of the bacteria basket unloading machine with the push rod in place and the handle falling.
FIG. 36 is a top view of the bacteria basket unloading machine of the present invention showing the second bacteria basket in a pulled-back and pulled-out state.
FIG. 37 is a top view of the bacteria basket unloading machine with the bacteria basket on the right position and the bacteria basket handle on the up position.
In the figure: 1. a lifting motor, 2, a motor gear, 3, a motor driven gear, 4, a chain driving gear, 5, a bearing seat, 6, a transmission bearing, 7, a motor substrate, 8, a frame body, 9, a chain, 10, a control box, 11, a chain connecting pin shaft, 12, a chain connecting screw, 13, a connecting nut, 14, a connecting base block, 15, a linear guide rail, 16, a linear bearing connecting screw, 17, a linear bearing, 18, a linear bearing substrate, 19, a lifting frame, 20, a row of push-pull rods, 21, a roller machine, 22, a chain driven wheel support plate, 23, a chain driven wheel, 24, a base backing plate, 25, an upper limit normally closed switch, 26, an upper limit induction device, 27, a push rod guide rod, 28, a row of push rod cylinders, 29, a push rod baffle, 30, a first basket induction device, 31, a second basket induction device, 32 and a third basket induction device, 33. a fourth basket position sensing device, 34, a basket inlet sensing device, 35, a frame body upright post, 36, a lower limit normally closed switch, 37, a lower limit sensing device, 38, a transmission shaft, 39, a basket inlet baffle, 40, an interlayer sensing device, 42, a sterilization vehicle, 43, a roller way motor, 44, a guide rod shaft sleeve, 45, a front lifting frame, 49, a roller way motor base plate, 50, a cylinder baffle, 52, a frame body bottom side beam, 53, a frame body side beam, 54, a chain motor, 55, a sensing device, 56, a butt plate clamping hook, 57, a bacteria basket, 58, an origin sensing device, 59, a rotating shaft bearing, 60, a clamping hook rotating shaft, 61, a clamping hook connecting pin, 62, a cylinder, 63, a frame connecting pin, 64, a cylinder connecting frame, 65, a connecting frame supporting beam, 66, a frame body connecting beam, 67, a support plate connecting plate, 68, a chain machine frame body, 69, a supporting plate pulley way, 70, a bearing pulley, 71, Chain regulator 72, parking space access board 73, chain connecting frame 74, connecting bolt 75, frame pulley straight track 76, frame pulley round track 77, chain track 78, track supporting beam 79, transmission chain 80, supporting leg 81, chain transmission shaft 82, chain gear 83, transmission gear 84, motor bracket 85, chain shaft 86, motor gear 87, pulley shaft 88, motor transmission chain 89, chain gear 90, snap ring I-1, two rows of pull rod cylinders I-2, cylinder through hole I-3, two rows of push-pull rods I-51, bacteria basket handle I-52, basket sensing device I-53, guide rod shaft sleeve fixing hole I-54, handle nut I-55, cylinder fixing hole I-56, handle cylinder I-59, bacteria basket handle, The air cylinder comprises an air cylinder through hole I-60, an air cylinder nut I-61, a plug rod through hole I-62 and an air cylinder plug rod.
Detailed Description
The structure of the fungus basket unloading machine is shown in figures 1 and 16 and comprises an unloading machine I and a chain machine II, wherein the chain machine II is positioned on the front side of the unloading machine I.
The structure of the car unloader I is shown in figures 2-5 and 13, a lifting motor 1 is arranged on the upper portion of a frame body 8 of a car loader I through a motor substrate 7, a transmission shaft 38 is transversely arranged on the upper portion of the frame body 8, which is positioned on the front side of the lifting motor 1, two ends of the transmission shaft 38 are fixed on the upper portion of the frame body 8 through a transmission bearing 6 and a bearing seat 5, the transmission shaft 38 and the bearing seat 5 are arranged on the central line of a frame body upright post 35, a motor gear 2 is arranged on an output shaft of the lifting motor 1, a motor driven gear 3 is arranged on the transmission shaft 38 and corresponds to the motor gear 2; two chain driving gears 4 are symmetrically installed on the transmission shaft 38, two chain driven gears 23 are installed at the bottom of the frame body 8 and correspond to the two chain driving gears 4 on the transmission shaft 38, the chain driven gears 23 are installed at the bottom of the frame body 8 through chain driven gear supporting plates 22, and chains 9 are installed between the corresponding chain driving gears 4 and the chain driven gears 23; linear guide rails 15 are respectively arranged on the front sides of the two vertical frame bodies on the two sides of the frame body 8, linear bearing base plates 18 are respectively installed at the two ends of the rear side of the lifting frame 19, linear bearing base plate screw holes 54 are formed in the linear bearing base plates 18, linear bearings 17 are installed on the linear bearing base plates 18 through linear bearing connecting screws 16, and the linear bearings 17 are installed on the linear guide rails 15 in a sliding mode. Two chains 9 are connected to 19 rear sides of crane, 19 upper portion crossbeams of crane are from top to bottom installed two pairs of connection base blocks 14 with every chain 9 department of correspondence respectively, as shown in fig. 5, the both ends of every chain 9 are fixed in respectively on two upper and lower connection base blocks 14 of homonymy, connect vertical installation chain connecting screw 12 on the base block 14, 9 tip of chain passes through chain connecting pin 11 and connects chain connecting screw 12, chain connecting screw 12 is fixed in on connecting base block 14 through connecting nut 13, elevator motor 1 passes through motor gear 2, motor driven gear 3 drives the rotation of chain driving gear 4, thereby it is rotatory between chain driving gear 4 and chain driven gear 23 to drive chain 9, thereby the lift of crane 19 has been realized. The front side of the lifting frame 19 is a horizontal front lifting frame 45, and a bacteria basket baffle plate 39 is arranged at the upper part of the outer edge of the front lifting frame 45 of the lifting frame 19 at the side opposite to the basket outlet direction of the bacteria basket 57.
As shown in fig. 9-13, the lifting frame 19 is transversely provided with a cylinder baffle 50 and a push rod baffle 29 in front and back parallel, a row of push rod cylinders 28 are arranged in the middle of the cylinder baffle 50 through cylinder fixing holes on the cylinder baffle 50, cylinder rods of the row of push rod cylinders 28 are arranged through the cylinder baffle 50, and a row of push rod cylinders 28 are arranged through the push rod baffle 29 on the rear side; two pull rod guide rods 27 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of a row of push rod air cylinders 28 on the push rod baffle 29, guide rod shaft sleeve fixing holes are formed in the push rod baffle 29, the push rod guide rods 27 are slidably arranged on the push rod baffle 29 through guide rod shaft sleeves 44, the push rod guide rods 27 penetrate through the push rod baffle 29 and the air cylinder baffle 50 to be arranged, and the front ends of the push rod guide rods 27 and the air cylinder rods of the row of push rod air cylinders 28 are connected with a row of push-pull rods 20. Two rows of pull rod cylinders I-1 are symmetrically arranged on the row of push-pull rods 20, the front ends of the cylinder rods of the two rows of pull rod cylinders I-1 are connected with the two rows of push-pull rods I-3, the row of push rod cylinders 28 horizontally push the row of push-pull rods 20 forwards to realize unloading of a first row of bacteria baskets on the bacteria culture vehicle 42, after the first row of bacteria baskets 57 are unloaded, the bacteria basket pull handles 51 further extend forwards through the two rows of pull rod cylinders I-1 to realize unloading of the second row of bacteria baskets 57.
According to the structure of the bacteria basket handle 51 shown in the figures 6-8, cylinder through holes I-59 are longitudinally formed in two rows of push-pull rods I-3, a handle cylinder I-56 is installed in the cylinder through holes I-59, the handle cylinder I-56 is fixed on the two rows of push-pull rods I-3 through a cylinder nut I-60, the lower ends of cylinder plug rods I-62 of the handle cylinder I-56 penetrate through the plug rod through holes I-61 on the lower side of the two rows of push-pull rods I-3 and are located on the lower portions of the two rows of push-pull rods I-3, the bacteria basket handle 51 is transversely fixed at the upper ends of the cylinder plug rods I-62 through a handle nut I-54, and the bacteria basket handle 51 is of a structure with the front end. The bacteria basket handle 51 is controlled by the handle cylinder I-56 to fall down to clamp the edge of the bacteria basket 57, and then the bacteria basket is pulled back by the two rows of push-pull rods I-3 to pull the bacteria basket 57 onto the roller machine 21 for conveying.
The roller way machine 21 is arranged on the upper portion of the front side lifting frame 45 of the lifting frame 19, the roller way motor 43 is arranged on the lifting frame 19 through the roller way motor base plate 49, the roller way motor 43 is connected with the roller way machine 21, and the roller way of the roller way machine 21 is vertically arranged with the lifting frame 19, as shown in fig. 15.
A basket inlet induction device 34 is installed on the front side of a frame of the lifting frame 19 at one end of the basket inlet, and frame position induction devices are installed on the roller way machine 21 between the roller ways according to the arrangement of the fungus baskets, in the embodiment, four frame position induction devices, namely a first basket position induction device 30, a second basket position induction device 31, a third basket position induction device 32 and a fourth basket position induction device 33 are adopted, as shown in fig. 2; a basket inlet induction device 34 is arranged on the front side of the frame at one end of the lifting frame 19, an original point induction device 58 is arranged on the front side of the lifting frame 19 at one end of the basket outlet, and a frame position induction device is arranged between the roller ways on the roller way machine 21; an interlayer induction device 40 and a basket drawing induction device I-52 are arranged on the front side of the two rows of push-pull rods I-3; spacing normally closed switch 25 in support body stand 35 upper portion installation upper portion and the spacing induction system 26 in upper portion of one side of support body 8, the spacing normally closed switch 36 in support body stand 35 lower part installation lower part and the spacing induction system 37 in lower part, roller machine 21 goes out basket one end and connects outside lift conveyer, do not be equipped with fungus basket count correlation photoelectric combined sensor receiving terminal and fungus basket count correlation photoelectric combined sensor transmitting terminal around on the outside lift conveyer respectively, carry out fungus basket count through this counter. The frame side beams 53 project forwardly beyond the frame uprights 35, and the frame bottom side beam length is equal to or greater than 2 times the frame upper side beam length.
The structure of the chain machine ii is shown in fig. 16-29, chain transmission shafts 81 are respectively installed between the front and rear cross beams at the two ends of the frame-shaped chain machine frame body 68 of the chain machine ii, one end of one of the chain transmission shafts 81 penetrates through the chain machine frame body 68 and is provided with a transmission gear 83, a motor gear 86 is installed on an output shaft of the chain motor 54, the motor gear 86 is connected with the transmission gear 83 through a motor transmission chain 88, the chain motor 54 is installed on the motor frame 84, the chain gears 89 are respectively installed on the inner sides of the front and rear cross beams of the chain machine frame body 68 on each chain transmission shaft 81, a transmission chain 79 is installed between the two chain gears 89 on the same side on the two chain transmission shafts 81, the chain transmission shaft 81 connected with the chain motor 54 is driven. The chain transmission shaft 81 is provided with a chain adjuster 71.
A longitudinal frame connecting beam 66 is arranged between the front cross beam and the rear cross beam of the chain machine frame body 68, the frame connecting beam 66 is positioned between two chain transmission shafts 81, the upper part of the frame connecting beam 66 is positioned below two transmission chains 79 and is respectively provided with a transverse rail supporting beam 78, the upper parts of the front rail supporting beam 78 and the rear rail supporting beam 78 are respectively provided with a chain supporting rail 77, and the transmission chains 79 are arranged on the chain supporting rails 77 in a rolling way; the parking space access board 72 for placing the sterilization vehicle 42 is longitudinally arranged between the two transmission chains 79, the parking space access board 72 has a three-sided baffle structure at the upper part of the bottom board, the bottom of the parking space access board 72 is connected with the upper edges of the two chain connecting frames 73 through connecting bolts 74, and the lower parts of the chain connecting frames 73 are arranged at the two ends of the chain shaft 85 through snap rings 90, as shown in fig. 20-22. Each group of the parking place access boards on the transmission chain 79 are uniformly distributed, each group of the parking place access boards is formed by oppositely installing two parking place access boards 72 in the opening direction, and the distance between the two parking place access boards 72 in each group is matched with the width of the sterilization vehicle 42.
The front end and the rear end of the parking space access plate 72 are provided with pulley shafts 87 through snap rings 90, bearing pulleys 70 are arranged on the pulley shafts 87 and positioned on the outer sides of the parking space access plate 72, the bearing pulleys 70 are arranged on the upper surfaces of front and rear cross beams of the chain machine frame body 68 in a sliding manner, supporting plate pulley ways 69 for supporting the bearing pulleys 70 are arranged on the inner sides of the lower portions of the front and rear cross beams of the chain machine frame body 68, and the supporting plate pulley ways 69 are arranged on the inner sides of the lower portions of the front and. The sliding tracks of the bearing pulleys 70 at the four corners of the front and rear cross beams of the chain frame 68 are downwardly inclined frame pulley circular tracks 76, and the frame pulley circular tracks 76 are formed by extending and bending frame pulley straight tracks 75, as shown in fig. 25, when the bearing pulleys 70 run on the chain frame and pass through the four corners of the chain frame, the bearing pulleys transition to the frame pulley circular tracks 76 through the upper frame pulley straight tracks 75, so that the upward or downward running is realized. The lower portion of the chain cage body 68 is provided with legs 80. When in use, the sterilization vehicle 42 is placed on each group of parking space access boards for transmission. When the chain motor 54 drives the transmission chain 79 to move, the carport board 72 on the transmission chain 79 also moves, and the sterilization vehicle 42 placed on the carport board 72 is conveyed to the loading position. When the carport 72 moves up or down along with the transmission chain 79, it passes through the frame pulley track 76 smoothly.
A connecting frame supporting beam 65 is arranged between a front track supporting beam 78 and a rear track supporting beam 78 at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle 42, two cylinder connecting frames 64 are symmetrically arranged on the connecting frame supporting beam 65 front and back, the cylinder connecting frames 64 are connected with the rear parts of cylinders 62 through frame connecting pin shafts 63, the front ends of cylinder rods of the cylinders 62 are connected with the tail ends of the access board clamping hooks 56 through clamping hook connecting pins 61, the middle parts of the access board clamping hooks 56 are arranged on a clamping hook rotating shaft 60, two ends of the clamping hook rotating shaft 60 are arranged on the front track supporting beam 78 and the rear track supporting beam 78 through rotating shaft bearings 59, and the access board clamping hooks 56 move in an arc-shaped track when the parking space access; the sensing device 55 is arranged on the frame body connecting beam 66 at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle 42. When the sensing device 55 senses that the sterilization vehicle 42 moves to the loading position along with the conveying chain 79, the chain motor 54 stops running, the parking space access board 72 stops conveying, the air cylinder 62 drives the access board clamping hook 56 to move upwards and clamp the access board clamping hook 72, so that the parking space access board 72 is further fixed, after the loading is finished, the access board clamping hook 56 is opened downwards, and the sterilization vehicle 42 continues to convey and output through the chain motor.
The chain machine works as follows:
1. racking and conveying: stopping conveying by the chain conveyor, loading full frames (sterilization vehicles filled with fungus baskets) onto the parking place access boards of the chain conveyor by a forklift at a full frame station, and conveying the sterilization vehicles forwards by the chain conveyor;
2. positioning a sterilization vehicle: in the unloading station, when the sensing system senses that the full rack is in place, the control system works and clamps the butt strap clamping hook 56 on the parking place butt strap 72 through the action of the air cylinder 62;
3. unloading the basket: when the full rack is fixed in place, the control system works and pulls the fungus baskets into a roller way of a roller way machine to be transmitted out through the work of the double-row rack unloading machine;
4. and (3) overhead conveying: when the full rack is emptied, the control system works and opens the butt strap clamping hook through the action of the air cylinder 62, and starts conveying to convey the empty rack vehicle to the empty rack station;
5. the method comprises the following steps of (1) overhead transmission: when the empty rack is in place, the control system works at the moment, the chain stops conveying, the butt strap clamping hook is opened through the action of the air cylinder on the empty rack station, the empty rack is conveyed out by the forklift on the empty rack station, and meanwhile, the full rack station starts to move in the full rack station. When the basket is unloaded, the empty rack enters the chain machine, and the empty rack moves out of the chain machine, so that the cycle of entering, putting on and exiting the rack is completed.
As shown in FIGS. 30-37, the basket unloading process is as follows:
1. starting a control system, and lifting the fungus basket handle after the trolley is in place and fixed;
2. after the fungus basket pull rod is in place and the fungus basket is in place and sensed, the fungus basket pull handle is controlled by the control system to fall down under the action of the handle cylinder;
3. the first row of fungus baskets are pulled out under the control of the control system by using a row of push rod cylinders to act on the fungus basket pull rods to pull back;
4. under the control of a control system, a first row of fungus baskets are pulled in place (on a roller machine) under the action of a row of push rod cylinders;
5. the first bacteria discharging basket is conveyed out through the roller way machine under the control of the control system, and the bacteria basket handle is lifted;
6. the roller machine stops conveying under the action of the control system, the two rows of push-pull rods are in place, and the fungus basket handle falls down;
7. the second bacteria discharge basket pull rod is pulled back to pull out the second bacteria discharge basket under the control of the control system through the action of the second row pull rod air cylinder;
8. and under the control of the control system, the second bacteria discharge basket is pulled in place, the bacteria basket handle is lifted, the bacteria baskets are delivered out, and the basket unloading cycle of one layer is completed. 9. Under the control of the control system, after the roller conveyor is started to transfer the second bacteria discharging basket out, the lifting frame is started to stop working after the induction position between layers is sensed, and thus the lifting frame is controlled by the induction between layers to move up and down through the lifting motor to realize the unloading of each layer of bacteria basket.
The loading action of the unloading machine and the transmission action and speed of the chain conveyor are controlled by the control system to run in a matched mode, so that the problems that the unloading speed of the bacteria basket is not matched with the transmission speed of the sterilization vehicle and the like are solved.
While the invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fungus basket unloads a machine which characterized in that: the chain machine (II) is positioned on the front side of the car unloader (I); the upper part of a frame body (8) of the car unloader (I) is provided with a lifting motor (1), the upper part of the frame body (8) is positioned at the front side of the lifting motor (1) and is transversely provided with a transmission shaft (38), an output shaft of the lifting motor (1) is provided with a motor gear (2), the transmission shaft (38) is provided with a motor driven gear (3) corresponding to the motor gear (2), the transmission shaft (38) is symmetrically provided with two chain driving gears (4), the bottom of the frame body (8) and the two chain driving gears (4) on the transmission shaft (38) are correspondingly provided with two chain driven gears (23), and a chain (9) is arranged between the corresponding chain driving gears (4) and the chain driven gears; the rear side of the lifting frame (19) is connected with two chains (9), the front side of the lifting frame (19) is a horizontal front side lifting frame (45), a row of push rod air cylinders (28) are installed on the lifting frame (19), air cylinder rods of the row of push rod air cylinders (28) are connected with a row of transverse push-pull rods (20) on the front side, two rows of pull rod air cylinders (I-1) are installed on the row of push-pull rods (20), the front ends of the air cylinder rods of the two rows of pull rod air cylinders (I-1) are connected with two rows of push-pull rods (I-3), and a bacteria basket handle (51) is installed on the two rows of push-pull rods; a roller way machine (21) is arranged at the upper part of the front side lifting frame (45) of the lifting frame (19), a roller way motor (43) is connected with the roller way machine (21), and a roller way of the roller way machine (21) is vertically arranged with the lifting frame (19); chain transmission shafts (81) are respectively installed between front and rear cross beams at two ends of a frame-shaped chain rack body (68) of the chain machine (II), one end of one chain transmission shaft (81) is connected with a chain motor (54), chain gears (89) are respectively installed on the inner sides of the front and rear cross beams of the chain rack body (68) on each chain transmission shaft (81), and a transmission chain (79) is installed between the two chain gears (89) on the same side on the two chain transmission shafts (81).
2. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: the vertical support body front side in both sides of support body (8) be equipped with linear guide (15) respectively, linear bearing base plate (18) are installed respectively to crane (19) rear side both ends, be equipped with linear bearing base plate screw hole (54) on linear bearing base plate (18), linear bearing (17) are installed on linear bearing base plate (18) through linear bearing connecting screw (16), linear bearing (17) slidable mounting is on linear guide (15).
3. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: two pairs of connecting base blocks (14) are symmetrically installed at the upper part and the lower part of a cross beam at the upper part of the lifting frame (19) and corresponding to each chain (9), the two ends of each chain (9) are fixed on the two connecting base blocks (14) at the same side respectively, chain connecting screws (12) are vertically installed on the connecting base blocks (14), the end parts of the chains (9) are connected with the chain connecting screws (12) through chain connecting pin shafts (11), and the chain connecting screws (12) are fixed on the connecting base blocks (14) through connecting screw caps (13).
4. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: the air cylinder baffle (50) and the push rod baffle (29) are transversely arranged on the lifting frame (19) in a front-back parallel mode, the push rod air cylinders (28) are arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the air cylinder baffle (50), the air cylinder rods of the push rod air cylinders (28) penetrate through the air cylinder baffle (50) to be installed, and the push rod air cylinders (28) penetrate through the push rod baffle (29) on the rear side to be installed; two push rod guide rods (27) are symmetrically arranged on the push rod baffle plate (29) and positioned on two sides of the row of push rod air cylinders (28), the push rod guide rods (27) are slidably arranged on the push rod baffle plate (29) through guide rod shaft sleeves (44), the push rod guide rods (27) penetrate through the push rod baffle plate (29) and the air cylinder baffle plate (50) to be arranged, and the front ends of the push rod guide rods (27) and the air cylinder rods of the row of push rod air cylinders (28) are connected with a row of push-pull rods (20); two rows of pull rod cylinders (I-1) are symmetrically arranged on the one row of push-pull rods (20), and the front ends of the cylinder rods of the two rows of pull rod cylinders (I-1) are connected with the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3).
5. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 4, wherein: a basket inlet induction device (34) is installed on the front side of the frame at one end of the lifting frame (19), an original point induction device (58) is arranged on the front side of one end of the lifting frame (19) at the basket outlet, and a frame position induction device is installed between the roller ways on the roller way machine (21); an interlayer induction device (40) and a basket pulling induction device (I-52) are arranged at the front side of the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3); the upper part of a frame body upright post (35) on one side of the frame body (8) is provided with an upper part limit normally closed switch (25) and an upper part limit sensing device (26), and the lower part of the frame body upright post (35) is provided with a lower part limit normally closed switch (36) and a lower part limit sensing device (37).
6. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: the mushroom basket is characterized in that cylinder through holes (I-59) are longitudinally formed in the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3), a handle cylinder (I-56) is installed in the cylinder through holes (I-59), the handle cylinder (I-56) is fixed to the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3) through a cylinder nut (I-60), the lower end of a cylinder plug rod (I-62) of the handle cylinder (I-56) penetrates through the plug rod through hole (I-61) in the lower side of the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3) and is located in the lower portion of the two rows of push-pull rods (I-3), a mushroom basket handle (51) is transversely fixed to the upper end of the cylinder plug rod (I-62) through a handle nut (I-54), and the front end of the mushroom basket handle (51) is of a downward 90-degree.
7. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: a longitudinal frame body connecting beam (66) is arranged between a front cross beam and a rear cross beam of the chain machine frame body (68), the frame body connecting beam (66) is positioned between two chain transmission shafts (81), the upper part of the frame body connecting beam (66) is positioned below two transmission chains (79) and is respectively provided with a transverse track supporting beam (78), the upper parts of the front track supporting beam and the rear track supporting beam (78) are respectively provided with a chain supporting track (77), and the transmission chains (79) are arranged on the chain supporting tracks (77) in a rolling manner; a parking space access board (72) used for placing the sterilization vehicle (42) is longitudinally arranged between the two transmission chains (79), and the bottom of the parking space access board (72) is connected with the upper edges of the two chain connecting frames (73) through connecting bolts (74).
8. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 6, wherein: a connecting frame supporting beam (65) is arranged between a front rail supporting beam and a rear rail supporting beam (78) which are positioned at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle (42), two cylinder connecting frames (64) are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the connecting frame supporting beam (65), the cylinder connecting frames (64) are connected with the rear part of a cylinder (62) through frame connecting pin shafts (63), the front end of a cylinder rod of the cylinder (62) is connected with the tail end of a strap clamping hook (56) through a clamping hook connecting pin (61), the middle part of the strap clamping hook (56) is arranged on a clamping hook rotating shaft (60), and two ends of the clamping hook rotating shaft (60) are arranged on the front rail supporting beam and the rear rail supporting beam (78) through rotating; the frame body connecting beam (66) positioned at the basket loading position of the sterilization vehicle (42) is provided with the sensing device (55).
9. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: the front end and the rear end of the parking space access plate (72) are provided with pulley shafts (87) through snap rings (90), bearing pulleys (70) are arranged on the pulley shafts (87) and positioned on the outer sides of the parking space access plate (72), and the bearing pulleys (70) are slidably arranged on the upper surfaces of front and rear cross beams of a chain frame body (68).
10. A gabion rack unloading machine according to claim 1, wherein: the sliding tracks of the bearing pulleys (70) at the four corners of the front and rear cross beams of the chain rack body (68) are downward inclined rack pulley circular tracks (76).
CN201911158742.6A 2019-11-22 2019-11-22 Fungus basket frame unloading machine Pending CN110745447A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911158742.6A CN110745447A (en) 2019-11-22 2019-11-22 Fungus basket frame unloading machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911158742.6A CN110745447A (en) 2019-11-22 2019-11-22 Fungus basket frame unloading machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110745447A true CN110745447A (en) 2020-02-04

Family

ID=69284388

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911158742.6A Pending CN110745447A (en) 2019-11-22 2019-11-22 Fungus basket frame unloading machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110745447A (en)

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