CN110745245A - Clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face - Google Patents

Clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110745245A
CN110745245A CN201910940421.5A CN201910940421A CN110745245A CN 110745245 A CN110745245 A CN 110745245A CN 201910940421 A CN201910940421 A CN 201910940421A CN 110745245 A CN110745245 A CN 110745245A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unmanned aerial
aerial vehicle
cleaning
assembly
solar panel
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201910940421.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110745245B (en
Inventor
刘成尧
沈泉涌
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Zhejiang Industry Polytechnic College
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Zhejiang Industry Polytechnic College
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Priority to CN201910940421.5A priority Critical patent/CN110745245B/en
Publication of CN110745245A publication Critical patent/CN110745245A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D1/00Dropping, ejecting, releasing, or receiving articles, liquids, or the like, in flight
    • B64D1/16Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting
    • B64D1/18Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting by spraying, e.g. insecticides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D47/00Equipment not otherwise provided for
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C2201/00Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor
    • B64C2201/12Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor adapted for particular use
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/04Helicopters
    • B64C27/08Helicopters with two or more rotors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/50On board measures aiming to increase energy efficiency

Abstract

The invention relates to an unmanned aerial vehicle for cleaning a solar photovoltaic panel surface, which comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle and further comprises: the solar panel is provided with a mounting rack below; the cleaning storage tank is mounted on the mounting frame and arranged in parallel with the solar panel, and a water receiving port is formed in the cleaning storage tank; the cleaning mechanism comprises a water supply assembly, a scouring assembly and a transmission assembly, wherein the water supply assembly is intermittently communicated with the cleaning storage tank, the scouring assembly is arranged below the unmanned aerial vehicle and is connected with the water supply assembly, and the transmission assembly is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle and is used for driving the scouring assembly to rotate; the guiding assembly is used for limiting the flight guidance of the unmanned aerial vehicle; in the flying process of the unmanned aerial vehicle, the flushing component rotates through the transmission component, and then the surface of the solar panel is flushed by matching with the water supply component; the invention solves the technical problem of poor cleaning effect when water is sprayed on the surface of the solar panel without directly brushing the solar panel.

Description

Clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of unmanned aerial vehicles, in particular to an unmanned aerial vehicle for cleaning a solar photovoltaic panel surface.
Background
The unmanned plane is an unmanned plane for short, and is also called as UAV in English, the unmanned plane is an unmanned plane operated by utilizing a radio remote control device and a self-contained program control device, or is completely or intermittently and autonomously operated by a vehicle-mounted computer, the conventional solar panel cleaning work is mainly completed manually, but the cleaning work is difficult, the safety risk is high, and the efficiency is low.
Patent document CN2016105765437 discloses a many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle cleaning system, including central control system, unmanned aerial vehicle, storage system, communication system, ground station system, ground storage system, water supply system, cleaning system and liquid level monitoring system, wherein unmanned aerial vehicle, storage system and communication system and central control system both way junction, water supply system, cleaning system and liquid level monitoring system and central control system one-way junction, ground control system and unmanned aerial vehicle one-way junction, communication system and ground station system both way junction, ground station system and ground storage system both way junction, be equipped with wide angle camera on the unmanned aerial vehicle, through ordinary injector head and the high pressure injector head in the cleaning system to and the existence of steering wheel, improved cleaning efficiency.
However, in actual use, the inventors found the following problems:
1. a ground transport vehicle is additionally required to be additionally arranged and is connected with the unmanned aerial vehicle through a thin water pipe, so that the water feeding work of the unmanned aerial vehicle is achieved, and the cleaning cost is high; or a water tank is directly added on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the weight of the whole unmanned aerial vehicle is increased, the flight stability is poor, meanwhile, in the cleaning process, the water in the water tank needs to be continuously supplied, and the time is wasted;
2. when water is sprayed on the surface of the solar panel without directly brushing the solar panel, the cleaning effect is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to solve the technical problem of poor cleaning effect when water is sprayed on the surface of the solar panel but not directly scrubbed by arranging the scrubbing piece to be matched with the guide piece and synchronously driving the scrubbing piece to have turnover by using the work of lengthening or releasing the thin water pipe by the unreeling shaft so as to spray water on the solar panel and simultaneously scrub the solar panel by using the hairbrush; in addition, the cleaning storage tank is directly installed on the solar panel in a matched mode, and the cleaning is completed by utilizing rainwater collected on a weekday, so that the technical problems that a ground transport vehicle needs to be additionally added, the ground transport vehicle is connected with the unmanned aerial vehicle through a thin water pipe, the unmanned aerial vehicle water feeding work is achieved, and the cleaning cost is high are solved.
Aiming at the technical problems, the technical scheme is as follows: the utility model provides a clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face, includes unmanned aerial vehicle, still includes:
the solar panel is provided with a mounting rack below;
the cleaning storage tank is mounted on the mounting frame and arranged in parallel with the solar panel, and a water receiving port is formed in the cleaning storage tank;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a water supply assembly, a scouring assembly and a transmission assembly, wherein the water supply assembly is intermittently communicated with the cleaning storage tank, the scouring assembly is arranged below the unmanned aerial vehicle and is connected with the water supply assembly, and the transmission assembly is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle and is used for driving the scouring assembly to rotate; and
the guiding assembly is used for limiting the flight guidance of the unmanned aerial vehicle;
unmanned aerial vehicle is at the flight in-process, makes through drive assembly erode the subassembly and rotate, cooperates the subassembly that send water again and washes the solar panel surface.
Preferably, the water supply assembly includes:
one end of the coarse water pipe is communicated with the cleaning storage tank;
the water pump is connected with the coarse water pipe; and
the horn mouth, the horn mouth with the other end of thick water pipe is connected the setting, this horn mouth with the setting is matchd to the magnetism piece.
Preferably, the bell mouth is provided with an electromagnet, and the electromagnet is of an annular structure and is embedded in the inner wall of the bell mouth.
Preferably, the bell mouth is provided with a base in a connecting way, and the base is provided with a signal emitter a and a signal emitter b;
the signal emitter a is used for controlling the switch of the water pump; and the signal emitter b is used for controlling the electrification work of the electromagnet.
Preferably, the signal transmitter a is a contact switch, and the signal transmitter b is a first ultrasonic distance sensor.
Preferably, the flushing assembly comprises:
a guide member located centrally of the drone and disposed vertically downward; and
the wiping piece rotates and is used for flushing the solar panel.
Preferably, the guide member includes:
a cradle mounted on the drone;
the unwinding shaft is vertically arranged downwards;
the thin water pipe is wound on the unwinding shaft, and a magnetic block is arranged at the upper end part of the thin water pipe; and
the guide post, the guide post sets up two sets ofly and the symmetry sets up wash storage jar both sides, the thin water pipe round the guide post is elongated and rolling work.
Preferably, the wiper includes:
the water feeding channel is arranged at the lower end of the unreeling shaft, and the lower end of the thin water pipe is communicated with the water feeding channel through a sealing ring; and
the spraying unit is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the unreeling shaft and along the unreeling shaft in the circumferential direction at equal intervals, and comprises a plurality of groups, wherein the unreeling shaft is vertically arranged in the unreeling direction and is connected with a connecting plate, a water feeding channel is communicated with the connecting plate, two sides of the connecting plate are communicated with nozzles arranged in the connecting plate and a brush located below the connecting plate and along the length direction of the connecting plate.
Preferably, the transmission assembly comprises:
the driving shaft is rotatably arranged on the bracket through a bearing and is fixedly connected with the unreeling shaft;
the transfer unit comprises a conical tooth a which is coaxial with and fixedly connected with the driving shaft, a conical tooth b which is meshed with the conical tooth a, a supporting seat which is fixedly arranged on the bracket and a rotating shaft which is rotatably arranged on the supporting seat and fixedly connected with the conical tooth b; and
the driving unit comprises a gear b which is coaxial with the rotating shaft and is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft and two sets of racks, and the racks are parallel to and correspond to the guide grooves of the guide assembly.
Preferably, the guide assembly further comprises a T-shaped sliding block which is installed on the unmanned aerial vehicle and is arranged in the guide groove in a sliding manner in a matching manner;
the guide grooves are symmetrically arranged in two groups along the center line of the length of the solar panel and are arranged on the mounting rack, and the guide grooves are arranged along the width direction of the solar panel and are arranged in a splayed groove structure.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the invention, the wiping part is arranged to be matched with the guide part, and the work of lengthening or releasing the thin water pipe by the unwinding shaft is utilized to synchronously drive the revolving of the wiping part, so that on one hand, when water is sprayed on the solar panel, the sun panel is wiped by the hairbrush, the surface of the solar panel is sufficiently scrubbed, and the cleaning effect is good; on the other hand, extra power output is saved, the production cost is reduced, and meanwhile, the quality of the whole body of the unmanned aerial vehicle is reduced, so that stable flight is facilitated;
(2) according to the invention, the water supply assembly is matched with the cleaning storage tank, when the water supply assembly and the cleaning storage tank are communicated, water collected from the cleaning storage tank on a weekday is cleaned, meanwhile, the rolling and stretching work of the guide piece is utilized to synchronously drive the wiping piece to clean the surface of the solar panel, water is fully utilized, rainwater is recycled, and the cost is saved;
(3) according to the invention, one end of the thin water pipe is communicated with the thick water pipe so as to convey water, and the other end of the thin water pipe is communicated with the water conveying channel so as to automatically convey water into the spraying unit to finish the spraying work of the water, so that the structure is simple, and the automation degree is high;
(4) according to the invention, the transmission assembly is arranged to control the unwinding shaft to wind and release the thin water pipe, and the flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle is matched with the forward and reverse rotation of the transmission assembly, so that on one hand, the distance between the unmanned aerial vehicle and the cleaning storage tank is utilized to automatically wind and release the thin water pipe, the synchronism is high, and the control is convenient; on the other hand, save extra power, reduce use cost.
To sum up, this equipment has simple structure, ingenious, and occupation of land space is little, convenient to use's advantage, is particularly useful for unmanned aerial vehicle technical field.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a board surface cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged partial schematic view at a of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the cleaning mechanism.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the flushing assembly.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the transmission assembly.
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of the wiper.
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the wiper.
Fig. 8 is a top view of the wiper.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the water supply assembly.
FIG. 10 is a first schematic sectional view of the water supply assembly.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the connection of the water delivery assembly and the flush assembly.
FIG. 12 is a schematic sectional view of the water supply assembly.
Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a guide assembly.
Fig. 14 is a schematic drive diagram of the guide assembly.
Fig. 15 is a state diagram of the board surface cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely explained by combining the attached drawings.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 15, a clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face, including unmanned aerial vehicle 1, still include:
the solar panel 2 is provided with a mounting rack 21 below the solar panel 2;
the cleaning storage tank 3 is mounted on the mounting frame 21 and is parallel to the solar panel 2, and a water receiving opening 31 is formed in the cleaning storage tank 3;
the cleaning mechanism 4 comprises a water supply component 41 which is intermittently communicated with the cleaning storage tank 3, a flushing component 42 which is arranged below the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and is connected with the water supply component 41, and a transmission component 43 which is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and is used for driving the flushing component 42 to rotate; and
the guiding assembly 5 is used for limiting the flight guidance of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1;
in the flight process of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1, the flushing component 42 is rotated through the transmission component 43, and then the surface of the solar panel 2 is flushed by matching with the water supply component 41.
It should be noted that the cleaning storage tank 3 is used for collecting rainwater in the weekday, and a filter screen can be installed in the cleaning storage tank 3 to filter the rainwater; the water storage amount in the cleaning storage tank 3 can be checked by a human at regular time.
In this embodiment, the water supply assembly 41 is arranged to be matched with the cleaning storage tank 3, when the water supply assembly and the cleaning storage tank are communicated, the solar panel 2 is cleaned by water collected from the cleaning storage tank 3 on a flat day, and meanwhile, the wiping part 422 is synchronously driven to clean the surface of the solar panel 2 by rolling and stretching of the guide part 421, so that water is fully utilized, rainwater is recycled, and cost is saved.
In addition, the traditional water delivery vehicle transmission mode is replaced, or the water tank is directly installed on the unmanned aerial vehicle 1, so that the overall mass of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 is reduced, and the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 can fly easily; or the additional water delivery vehicle transmission is saved, and the output cost is reduced.
Further, as shown in fig. 10, 11, and 12, the water supply unit 41 includes:
one end of the coarse water pipe 411 is communicated with the cleaning storage tank 3;
the water pump 412 is connected with the coarse water pipe 411; and
and the bell mouth 413 is connected with the other end of the coarse water pipe 411.
In this embodiment, when the magnetic block 4214 flies right above the bell mouth 413, the signal emitter b417 is provided to control the energization of the electromagnet 414, so that the magnetic block 4214 is attracted to the electromagnet 414 in the bell mouth 413, and the thick water pipe 411 and the thin water pipe 4213 are communicated, thereby automatically controlling the water inlet and outlet.
Further, as shown in fig. 10, an electromagnet 414 is disposed on the bell mouth 413, and the electromagnet 414 is of an annular structure and is embedded in the inner wall of the bell mouth 413.
In this embodiment, magnetism is generated after the electromagnet 414 is energized, the magnetism is attracted to a magnetic block 4214 on the unmanned aerial vehicle flying in the air above, the magnetic block 4214 is attracted into the bell mouth 413, the magnetic block 4214 is of a hollow structure, and the thick water pipe 411 and the thin water pipe 4213 are communicated.
It should be additionally noted that, when the thick water pipe 411 is communicated with the thin water pipe 4213, a sealing ring is arranged at the joint, so as to prevent water in the thick water pipe 411 from being sprayed outwards and being transmitted into the thin water pipe 4213 in the whole process.
Further, as shown in fig. 2 and 9, a base 415 is connected to the bell mouth 413, and a signal emitter a416 and a signal emitter b417 are mounted on the base 415;
the signal transmitter a416 is used for controlling the switch of the water pump 412; the signal emitter b417 is used to control the energization of the electromagnet 414.
In this embodiment, the signal emitter b417 is arranged to control the power-on operation of the electromagnet 414, the signal emitter a416 is arranged to control the on/off of the water pump 412, and the second ultrasonic distance sensor is arranged to detect the reciprocating flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1.
Further, the signal transmitter a416 is a contact switch, and the signal transmitter b417 is a first ultrasonic distance sensor.
Further, as shown in fig. 1 and 3, the flushing assembly 42 includes:
a guide 421, wherein the guide 421 is located at the center of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and is vertically arranged downwards; and
the wiping piece 422 rotates, and the wiping piece 422 is used for performing flushing work on the solar panel 2.
In the embodiment, the wiping part 422 is arranged to be matched with the guide part 421, and the operation of extending or releasing the thin water pipe 4213 by the unwinding shaft 4212 is utilized to synchronously drive the revolving of the wiping part 422, so that on one hand, when water is sprayed on the solar panel 2, the water is wiped by the hairbrush, the surface of the solar panel 2 is sufficiently brushed, and the cleaning effect is good; on the other hand, save extra power take off, when reduction in production cost, reduce the quality of the whole organism of unmanned aerial vehicle 1, do benefit to stable flight.
It should be noted that, outside unmanned aerial vehicle 1's main module, atmospheric pressure sensor has still been increased, and atmospheric pressure sensor is used for providing accurate height above sea level, and then controls unmanned aerial vehicle 1 in the removal of vertical direction.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, the guide 421 includes:
a support 4211, the support 4211 being mounted on the drone 1;
the unwinding shaft 4212, wherein the unwinding shaft 4212 is vertically arranged downwards;
a thin water pipe 4213, wherein the thin water pipe 4213 is wound on the unwinding shaft 4212, a magnetic block 4214 is arranged at the upper end part of the thin water pipe 4213, and the magnetic block 4214 is matched with the bell mouth 413; and
the cleaning storage tank comprises guide columns 4215, wherein two groups of guide columns 4215 are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the cleaning storage tank 3, and the thin water pipe 4213 stretches and winds around the guide columns 4215.
In this embodiment, the transmission assembly 43 is arranged to control the unwinding shaft 4212 to wind and release the thin water pipe 4213, and the flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 is used to match the forward and reverse rotation of the transmission assembly 43, so that on one hand, the thin water pipe 413 is automatically wound and released by using the distance between the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and the cleaning storage tank 3, the synchronism is high, and the control is convenient; on the other hand, additional power is saved, and the use cost is reduced;
in detail, when the flight distance between the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and the cleaning storage tank 3 is long, in order to facilitate normal flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1, the gear a432 of the transmission assembly 43 rotates positively, and the thin water pipe 4213 of the unreeling shaft 4212 is released; when unmanned aerial vehicle 1 and washing storage jar 3 flying distance shorten, for the convenience of unmanned aerial vehicle 1's normal flight, the gear a432 reversal of drive assembly 43 unreels the thin water pipe 4213 rolling of axle 4212.
It should be noted that, by providing the guide post 4215, the thin water pipe 4213 can be wound and released along the guide post 4215, thereby tensioning the thin water pipe 4213.
Further, as shown in fig. 6, 7, and 8, the wiper 422 includes:
a water feeding passage 4221, wherein the water feeding passage 4221 is arranged at the lower end part of the unwinding shaft 4212, and the lower end of the thin water pipe 4213 is communicated with the water feeding passage 4221 through a sealing ring; and
the spraying unit 4222 is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the unreeling shaft 4212 and is provided with a plurality of groups at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the unreeling shaft 4212, and the spraying unit 4222 comprises a connecting plate 4223 which is vertically arranged along the placing direction of the unreeling shaft 4212 and is communicated with the water feeding channel 4221, spray heads 4224 which are arranged on two sides of the connecting plate 4223 and are communicated with the inside of the connecting plate 4223, and brushes 4225 which are positioned below the connecting plate 4223 and are arranged along the length direction of the connecting plate 4223.
In this embodiment, one end of the thin water pipe 4213 is communicated with the thick water pipe 411 to convey water, and the other end of the thin water pipe 4213 is communicated with the water conveying channel 4221 to automatically convey water into the spraying unit 4222 to complete the spraying of water.
In detail, water enters the spray head 4224 from the water supply passage 4221 through the connecting plate 4223 to be sprayed outwards, and then the brush 4225 finishes wiping work on the solar panel 2 in the rotating process.
Further, as shown in fig. 14 and 13, the guiding assembly 5 further includes a T-shaped sliding block 52 mounted on the drone 1 and slidably disposed in the guiding slot 51 in a matching manner;
the two groups of guide grooves 51 are symmetrically arranged along the center line of the length of the solar panel 2 and are mounted on the mounting frame 21, and the guide grooves 51 are arranged along the width direction of the solar panel 2 and are arranged in a splayed groove structure.
It should be noted that the solar panel 2 is usually disposed obliquely when being placed, and in order to facilitate the flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1, guide grooves 51 are disposed on both sides of the solar panel 2 for guiding and supporting the flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle 1.
Two sets of guide grooves 51 are symmetrically provided along the longitudinal direction of the solar panel 2, and the drone 1 cleans the 1/2 solar panel 2 along one side guide groove 51, and the drone 1 cleans the remaining 1/2 solar panel 2 along the other side guide groove 51.
It should be noted that this guide way 51 is splayed groove structure, does benefit to in T type slider 52 gets into guide way 51 fast, avoids T type slider 52 to lie in guide way 51 to it when inserting and establishing, produces the error and collides, destroys unmanned aerial vehicle 1.
Example two
As shown in fig. 5, in which the same or corresponding components as in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, only the points of difference from the first embodiment will be described below for the sake of convenience. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that:
further, as shown in fig. 5, the transmission assembly 43 includes:
a driving shaft 431, wherein the driving shaft 431 is rotatably arranged on the bracket 4211 through a bearing, and the driving shaft 431 is fixedly connected with the unreeling shaft 4212;
the transfer unit comprises a conical tooth a433 which is coaxial with and fixedly connected with the driving shaft 431, a conical tooth b434 which is meshed with the conical tooth a433, a supporting seat 435 fixedly arranged on the bracket 4211 and a rotating shaft 436 which is rotatably arranged on the supporting seat 435 and fixedly connected with the conical tooth b 434; and
and the driving unit comprises a gear b437 which is coaxial and fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 436 and two sets of racks 438, and the racks 438 are parallel to and correspond to the guide grooves 51 of the guide assembly 5.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, by setting the unmanned aerial vehicle 1, during the flight, the gear b437 is in meshing transmission with the rack 438, then the gear b437 drives the rotating shaft 436 to rotate when rotating, and the rotating shaft 436 synchronously drives the bevel teeth b434 to engage with the bevel teeth a433 to rotate.
The working process is as follows:
when the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 flies above the bell mouth 413, the signal emitter b417 sends a signal, the electromagnet 414 is electrified to generate magnetism, the magnetic block 4214 is attracted, the thick water pipe 411 is sleeved and communicated with the thin water pipe 4213, then the signal emitter a416 sends a signal to control the water pump 412 to be turned on, the water pump 412 pumps water in the cleaning storage tank 3 into the thin water pipe 4213 from the thick water pipe 411, and then the water enters the spray head 4224 from the thin water pipe 4213 through the water feeding passage 4221 through the connecting plate 4223 and is sprayed outwards;
the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 slides along the direction of the guide groove 51 under remote control and sprays water at the same time, in the sliding process, the gear b437 is meshed with the rack 438 to rotate, meanwhile, the bevel gear b434 is driven to drive the bevel gear a433 to synchronously rotate, and in the rotating process, the unreeling shaft 4212 releases the thin water pipe 4213 so as to facilitate sliding work;
meanwhile, the unreeling shaft 4212 rotates to drive the spraying unit 4222 to rotate, and then the brush 4225 wipes the solar panel 2 in the rotating process;
when the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 flies to the terminal, the second ultrasonic distance sensor sends a signal, the unmanned aerial vehicle 1 returns in place, the gear b437 is meshed with the rack 438 to rotate reversely, the unreeling shaft 4212 rolls the thin water pipe 4213 so as to facilitate sliding work, and the solar panel 2 is cleaned for the second time.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "front-back", "left-right", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or component must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Of course, in this disclosure, those skilled in the art will understand that the terms "a" and "an" should be interpreted as "at least one" or "one or more," i.e., in one embodiment, a number of an element may be one, and in another embodiment, a number of the element may be plural, and the terms "a" and "an" should not be interpreted as limiting the number.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily made by those skilled in the art in light of the technical teaching of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face, includes unmanned aerial vehicle (1), its characterized in that still includes:
the solar panel (2), a mounting rack (21) is arranged below the solar panel (2);
the solar panel cleaning device comprises a cleaning storage tank (3), wherein the cleaning storage tank (3) is mounted on the mounting frame (21) and is arranged in parallel with the solar panel (2), and a water receiving opening (31) is formed in the cleaning storage tank (3);
the cleaning mechanism (4) comprises a water supply assembly (41) intermittently communicated with the cleaning storage tank (3), a flushing assembly (42) arranged below the unmanned aerial vehicle (1) and connected with the water supply assembly (41), and a transmission assembly (43) arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle (1) and used for driving the flushing assembly (42) to rotate; and
the guiding assembly (5) is used for limiting the flight guidance of the unmanned aerial vehicle (1);
in the flight process of the unmanned aerial vehicle (1), the flushing component (42) is rotated through the transmission component (43), and then the flushing component (41) is matched to flush the surface of the solar panel (2).
2. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 1, wherein the water supply assembly (41) comprises:
one end of the coarse water pipe (411) is communicated with the cleaning storage tank (3);
the water pump (412), the water pump (412) is connected with the coarse water pipe (411); and
and the horn mouth (413), the horn mouth (413) with the other end of the thick water pipe (411) is connected and arranged.
3. The unmanned aerial vehicle for cleaning the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein an electromagnet (414) is disposed on the bell mouth (413), and the electromagnet (414) is of an annular structure and is embedded in the inner wall of the bell mouth (413).
4. The unmanned aerial vehicle for cleaning the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 3, wherein the bell mouth (413) is provided with a base (415) in a connecting manner, and the base (415) is provided with a signal emitter a (416) and a signal emitter b (417);
the signal transmitter a (416) is used for controlling the switch of the water pump (412); the signal transmitter b (417) is used for controlling the electrifying work of the electromagnet (414).
5. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 4, wherein the signal emitter a (416) is a touch switch, and the signal emitter b (417) is a first ultrasonic distance sensor.
6. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 1, wherein the scouring assembly (42) comprises:
a guide (421), the guide (421) being located in the center of the drone (1) and being disposed vertically downward; and
the wiping piece (422) rotates and is used for flushing the solar panel (2) above the solar panel.
7. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 6, wherein the guide member (421) comprises:
a cradle (4211), the cradle (4211) mounted on the drone (1);
a unreeling shaft (4212), the unreeling shaft (4212) being vertically downward arranged;
the thin water pipe (4213), the thin water pipe (4213) is wound on the unwinding shaft (4212), the upper end part of the thin water pipe (4213) is provided with a magnetic block (4214), and the magnetic block (4214) is matched with the bell mouth (413); and
the guide post (4215), guide post (4215) set up two sets ofly and the symmetry sets up wash storage jar (3) both sides, thin water pipe (4213) are round guide post (4215) stretch and rolling work.
8. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 7, wherein the wiping part (422) comprises:
the water feeding channel (4221) is arranged at the lower end of the unreeling shaft (4212), and the lower end of the thin water pipe (4213) is communicated with the water feeding channel (4221) through a sealing ring; and
spray unit (4222), spray unit (4222) is fixed to be set up put reel (4212) lower extreme and along put reel (4212) circumferencial direction equidistant setting a plurality of groups, its include with put reel (4212) place the perpendicular setting of direction and with connecting plate (4223) that send water passageway (4221) intercommunication to set up, install connecting plate (4223) both sides and with shower nozzle (4224) that connecting plate (4223) inside intercommunication set up and be located connecting plate (4223) below and along brush (4225) that connecting plate (4223) length direction set up.
9. The solar photovoltaic panel board cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 7, wherein the transmission assembly (43) comprises:
a driving shaft (431), wherein the driving shaft (431) is rotatably arranged on the bracket (4211) through a bearing, and the driving shaft (431) is fixedly connected with the unreeling shaft (4212);
the transfer unit comprises a bevel gear a (433) coaxial with and fixedly connected with the driving shaft (431), a bevel gear b (434) meshed with the bevel gear a (433), a supporting seat (435) fixedly arranged on the bracket (4211) and a rotating shaft (436) rotatably arranged on the supporting seat (435) and fixedly connected with the bevel gear b (434); and
and the driving unit comprises a gear b (437) which is coaxial and fixedly connected with the rotating shaft (436) and two sets of racks (438), and the racks (438) are parallel to and correspondingly arranged with the guide groove (51) of the guide assembly (5).
10. The solar photovoltaic panel board surface cleaning unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 9, wherein the guide assembly (5) further comprises a T-shaped slide block (52) which is installed on the unmanned aerial vehicle (1) and is slidably arranged in the guide groove (51) in a matching manner;
the two groups of guide grooves (51) are symmetrically arranged along the center line of the length of the solar panel (2) and are arranged on the mounting rack (21), and the guide grooves (51) are arranged along the width direction of the solar panel (2) and are arranged in a splayed groove structure.
CN201910940421.5A 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Clean unmanned aerial vehicle of solar photovoltaic board face Active CN110745245B (en)

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