CN110576326A - Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110576326A
CN110576326A CN201910993372.1A CN201910993372A CN110576326A CN 110576326 A CN110576326 A CN 110576326A CN 201910993372 A CN201910993372 A CN 201910993372A CN 110576326 A CN110576326 A CN 110576326A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
cylinder
table top
plate
numerical control
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910993372.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙庆海
韩纪光
韩纪强
牛作文
郭书超
王军
刘恩喜
赵延良
胡东阳
张振海
董淑龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JINAN ZHANGLI MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JINAN ZHANGLI MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JINAN ZHANGLI MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical JINAN ZHANGLI MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910993372.1A priority Critical patent/CN110576326A/en
Publication of CN110576326A publication Critical patent/CN110576326A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool component equipment, and discloses an automatic positioning type workbench of a novel numerical control machine tool, which comprises a workpiece supporting plate, an air compressor, a pressure tank and a table top; four groups of workpiece supporting plates which are symmetrical front and back and left and right are fixedly arranged on the surface of the upper side of the table board, a front workpiece positioning plate is fixedly arranged on the front and back sides close to the middle of the table board, four groups of corner cylinders are symmetrically arranged in the left and right directions in the middle of the front workpiece positioning plate respectively, a group of corner cylinders is arranged between the two groups of workpiece supporting plates in the front and back directions respectively, lengthened flat push rods which are parallel to the front workpiece positioning plate are arranged on one side of the workpiece which is opposite to the front workpiece positioning plate, and side push cylinders are fixedly arranged on the upper surfaces of the left and right sides of the. The invention has the advantages that: the automatic positioning processing of panel, it is applicable in multiple processing technology after the installation, reduce the hand labor power, can process in batches after once clamping location and need not the repeated location.

Description

Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool component equipment, in particular to a novel automatic positioning type workbench of a numerical control machine tool.
Background
When the numerical control machine tool is used, various parts need to be stably installed on a workbench in the machine tool, then machining operation is carried out through various drilling cutters, boring cutters and the like, so that whether workpieces are installed stably and whether accurate automatic positioning can be carried out is very important, a large amount of time and manpower and material resources can be saved due to the advantage of automatic positioning, and the production efficiency can be greatly improved.
According to the design complexity and the product batch property of the current industrial demand special industry, the machine tool parts with different performances are used for convenient and effective processing and automatic positioning aiming at different product designs, so that the characteristics of saving time, increasing yield and reducing labor consumption are improved and manufactured.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a novel automatic positioning type workbench of a numerical control machine tool, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the novel automatic positioning type workbench of the numerical control machine tool comprises a workpiece supporting plate, an air compressor, a pressure tank and a table top; the table top is arranged to be of a rectangular plate structure, a circle of air pipe is distributed on the periphery of the table top, the right end of the top of the air pipe is communicated with an air compressor, the right side of the air compressor is communicated with a pressure tank, four groups of workpiece supporting plates which are symmetrical in front and back and left and right are fixedly arranged on the surface of the upper side of the table top, a workpiece to be positioned is placed on the top of the workpiece supporting plates, front workpiece positioning plates are fixedly arranged on the front and back sides close to the middle of the table top, the two groups of front workpiece positioning plates are fixedly connected through a plurality of groups of connecting and fixing plates, four groups of corner cylinders are symmetrically arranged in the left and right directions at the middle positions of the front workpiece positioning plates, a group of corner cylinders are respectively arranged between the two groups of workpiece supporting plates, the corner cylinder is communicated with the air pipe, air pressure in the air pipe is input into the corner cylinder, the corner cylinder is started to drive the upper workpiece fixing plate at the top of the corner cylinder to rotate, then the top of the upper workpiece fixing plate is rotated to the direction perpendicular to the workpiece, and the top of the workpiece is pressed, held and fixed.
The side of the workpiece opposite to the front workpiece positioning plate, which is located on the workpiece, is provided with a lengthened flat push rod parallel to the front workpiece positioning plate, the inner side of the lengthened flat push rod is fixedly connected with an air cylinder through a piston rod, the outer side of the air cylinder is communicated to an air pipe, the bottom of the air cylinder is fixedly installed on the upper surface of a table board through an air cylinder base, the piston rod is driven to move back and forth through a starting air cylinder, then the lengthened flat push rod is driven to move back and forth, and then the front outer. The upper surface of the left side and the right side of the table top is provided with a side pushing cylinder through a cylinder base, the output end of the side pushing cylinder is provided with a piston rod, the tail end of the piston rod is fixedly provided with a push plate, the side pushing cylinder is started to drive the push plate to move left and right, and then the left side and the right side of a workpiece placed at the top of the workpiece supporting plate are fixed. The outer side of the side-push cylinder is communicated with the air pipe, and an air source is provided for the side-push cylinder through the air pipe.
As a further scheme of the invention: four groups of same hoisting rings are fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the periphery of the top of the table board through fixing plates, and the whole tool is convenient to hoist through the hoisting rings to move.
As a further scheme of the invention: the bottom of air compressor machine and overhead tank all is fixed subaerial through rag bolt, compresses the air in the overhead tank through starting the air compressor machine, then carries the use through the trachea.
As a further scheme of the invention: the height of the front workpiece positioning plate is greater than that of the workpiece placed on the workpiece supporting plate, so that the front workpiece positioning plate can limit the workpiece to move towards the inner side of the table board.
As a further scheme of the invention: the front workpiece positioning plate is made of a nylon material, is high in hardness, soft in texture and good in corrosion resistance, and is convenient to use for a long time.
As a further scheme of the invention: a group of rubber pads are laid on the surface, in contact with the upper side of the workpiece, of the lower side of the bottom of the upper workpiece fixing plate, and are used for preventing the upper workpiece fixing plate from being abraded when the workpiece is tightly pressed.
As a further scheme of the invention: the cylinder is a double-shaft cylinder which can simultaneously drive two groups of piston rods to move, so that the movement and the installation stability of the lengthened flat push rod fixed at the tail end of the piston rod are kept.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the bottoms of the corner cylinder, the cylinder and the side push cylinder are fixed on the surface of the table board through fastening screws, and the corner cylinder, the side push cylinder and the table board are convenient to mount and dismount through the fastening screws, so that the cylinders are convenient to replace and maintain.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the workpiece is driven to be fixed on the upper workpiece fixing plate, the lengthened flat push rod and the push plate to fasten and press the workpiece by respectively arranging the corner cylinder, the cylinder and the side push cylinder on the periphery of the workpiece, so that the workpiece placed on the upper side of the workpiece supporting plate can be automatically positioned; the four groups of workpiece supporting plates are arranged at the top of the table board, so that the working table can process multiple groups of parts at the same time; the installation is carried out through the fastening screws, so that the installation and the disassembly between the corner cylinder, the side-push cylinder and the table board are convenient, and the replacement and the maintenance of each cylinder are further convenient. The invention has the advantages that: the automatic positioning and processing of the plate are realized, the part bed is integrated by multiple parts, the flexibility and the convenience are realized, the stability is high, the part bed is suitable for various processing technologies after installation, the manual labor force is reduced, and batch processing can be realized after one-time clamping and positioning without repeated positioning.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of an automatic positioning type workbench of a novel numerical control machine tool.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the top view of the automatic positioning type workbench of the novel numerical control machine tool.
Fig. 3 is a left side view structural schematic diagram of the automatic positioning type workbench of the novel numerical control machine tool.
Wherein: the device comprises a hoisting ring 1, a corner cylinder 2, a cylinder 3, an elongated flat push rod 4, a cylinder base 5, a workpiece 6, a side push cylinder 7, a workpiece supporting plate 8, a front workpiece positioning plate 9, a connecting fixing plate 10, an air pipe 11, an air compressor 12, a pressure tank 13, an upper workpiece fixing plate 14 and a table top 15.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present patent will be described in further detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-3, the automatic positioning type workbench of the novel numerical control machine comprises a workpiece support plate 8, an air compressor 12, a pressure tank 13 and a table top 15; the table top 15 is of a rectangular plate structure, four groups of same hoisting rings 1 are fixedly mounted on the periphery of the top of the table top 15 through fixing plates, and the whole tool is convenient to hoist through the hoisting rings 1 to move. The outside of mesa 15 distributes all around has round trachea 11, and the top right-hand member intercommunication of trachea 11 has air compressor machine 12, and the right side intercommunication of air compressor machine 12 has overhead tank 13, and air compressor machine 12 and overhead tank 13's bottom all is fixed subaerial through rag bolt, compresses the air in overhead tank 13 through starting air compressor machine 12, then carries the use through trachea 11. Four sets of workpiece supporting plates 8 which are symmetrical front and back and left and right are fixedly arranged on the surface of the upper side of the table top 15, a workpiece 6 to be positioned is placed at the top of each workpiece supporting plate 8, front and back sides close to the middle of the table top 15 are fixedly provided with front workpiece positioning plates 9, and the heights of the front workpiece positioning plates 9 are larger than those of the workpieces 6 placed on the workpiece supporting plates 8, so that the front workpiece positioning plates 9 can limit the workpieces 6 to move towards the inner side of the table top 15. The front workpiece positioning plate 9 is made of a nylon material, has high hardness, soft texture and good corrosion resistance, and is convenient to use for a long time. The two groups of front workpiece positioning plates 9 are fixedly connected through a plurality of groups of connecting fixing plates 10, four groups of corner cylinders 2 are symmetrically arranged in the left-right direction in the middle of the front workpiece positioning plates 9, a group of corner cylinders 2 are arranged between the two groups of workpiece supporting plates 8 in the front-rear direction, the bottoms of the corner cylinders 2 are fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the top of the table top 15 through cylinder bases 5, upper workpiece fixing plates 14 are fixedly mounted on the tops of the corner cylinders 2, the corner cylinders 2 are communicated with the air pipe 11, air pressure in the air pipe 11 is input into the corner cylinders 2, the corner cylinders 2 are started to drive the upper workpiece fixing plates 14 on the tops of the corner cylinders to rotate, then the tops of the upper workpiece fixing plates 14 are rotated to the direction perpendicular to the workpiece 6, and the tops of the workpieces 6 are pressed and fixed. A set of rubber pads is laid on the surface of the lower bottom of the upper workpiece fixing plate 14, which is in contact with the upper side of the workpiece 6, so as to prevent the upper workpiece fixing plate 14 from being abraded when the workpiece 6 is pressed.
One side of a workpiece 6, which is opposite to the workpiece 6 and the front workpiece positioning plate 9, is provided with a lengthened flat push rod 4 which is parallel to the front workpiece positioning plate 9, the inner side of the lengthened flat push rod 4 is fixedly connected with a cylinder 3 through a piston rod, the outer side of the cylinder 3 is communicated to an air pipe 11, the bottom of the cylinder 3 is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of a table board 15 through a cylinder base 5, the piston rod is driven to move back and forth through starting the cylinder 3, then the lengthened flat push rod 4 is driven to move back and forth, and then the front outer side and the rear. The cylinder 3 is a double-shaft cylinder which can simultaneously drive two groups of piston rods to move, so that the movement and the installation stability of the lengthened flat push rod 4 fixed at the tail end of the piston rod are kept.
The upper surfaces of the left side and the right side of the table top 15 are fixedly provided with side pushing cylinders 7 through cylinder bases 5, the output ends of the side pushing cylinders 7 are provided with piston rods, the tail ends of the piston rods are fixedly provided with push plates, the side pushing cylinders 7 are started to drive the push plates to move left and right, and then the left side and the right side of a workpiece 6 placed at the top of a workpiece supporting plate 8 are fixed. The outer side of the side-push air cylinder 7 is communicated with an air pipe 11, and an air source is provided for the side-push air cylinder through the air pipe 11. The workpiece 6 is driven by the corner cylinder 2, the cylinder 3 and the side push cylinder 7 which are arranged on the periphery of the workpiece 6 respectively to drive the upper workpiece fixing plate 14, the lengthened flat push rod 4 and the push plate to fasten and press the workpiece 6, so that the workpiece 6 placed on the upper side of the workpiece supporting plate 8 can be automatically positioned. By providing four sets of workpiece support plates 8 on top of the table top 15, the table is convenient for the working operation of multiple sets of parts simultaneously.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: firstly, a workpiece 6 to be positioned is placed on the upper side of a workpiece supporting plate 8, then an air compressor 12 is started through an air pipe 11 to pressurize air inside a pressure tank 13, the air is input into the air pipe 11 and is conveyed into a corner cylinder 2, an air cylinder 3 and a side push cylinder 7 through the air pipe 11 respectively, so that the corner cylinder 2, the air cylinder 3 and the side push cylinder 7 are driven to work, then a push plate at the tail end of the side push cylinder 7 is driven, an elongated flat push rod 4 at the tail end of the 3 moves to position the workpiece 6 on the workpiece supporting plate 8, then an upper workpiece fixing plate 14 is rotated through the corner cylinder 2 to perform pressing operation on the upper side of the workpiece 6, and further the workpiece 6 placed on the upper side of the workpiece supporting plate 8 is automatically positioned.
Example two
On the basis of the first embodiment, the bottoms of the corner cylinder 2, the cylinder 3 and the side-push cylinder 7 are fixed on the surface of the table top 15 through fastening screws, and the corner cylinder 2, the cylinder 3, the side-push cylinder 7 and the table top 15 are mounted through the fastening screws, so that the corner cylinder 2, the cylinder 3, the side-push cylinder 7 and the table top 15 are mounted and dismounted conveniently, and further, the cylinders are replaced and maintained conveniently.
Although the preferred embodiments of the present patent have been described in detail, the present patent is not limited to the above embodiments, and various changes can be made without departing from the spirit of the present patent within the knowledge of those skilled in the art.

Claims (8)

1. The novel automatic positioning type workbench of the numerical control machine tool comprises a workpiece supporting plate (8), an air compressor (12), a pressure tank (13) and a table top (15); the table top (15) is arranged to be of a rectangular plate structure, and is characterized in that a circle of air pipe (11) is distributed around the outside of the table top (15), the top right end of the air pipe (11) is communicated with an air compressor (12), the right side of the air compressor (12) is communicated with a pressure tank (13), four groups of workpiece supporting plates (8) which are symmetrical front and back and left and right are fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the table top (15), a workpiece (6) to be positioned is placed at the top of each workpiece supporting plate (8), a front workpiece positioning plate (9) is fixedly arranged on the front side and the back side close to the middle of the table top (15), two groups of front workpiece positioning plates (9) are fixedly connected through a plurality of groups of connecting fixing plates (10), four groups of corner cylinders (2) are symmetrically arranged in the left and right directions at the middle positions of the front workpiece positioning plates (9, the bottom of a corner cylinder (2) is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top of a table top (15) through a cylinder base (5), the top of the corner cylinder (2) is fixedly provided with an upper workpiece fixing plate (14), the corner cylinder (2) is communicated with an air pipe (11), one side of a workpiece (6) opposite to the front workpiece positioning plate (9) of the workpiece (6) is provided with an elongated flat push rod (4) which is parallel to the front workpiece positioning plate (9), the inner side of the elongated flat push rod (4) is fixedly connected with a cylinder (3) through a piston rod, the outer side of the cylinder (3) is communicated with the air pipe (11), the bottom of the cylinder (3) is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the table top (15) through the cylinder base (5), the upper surfaces of the left side and the right side of the table top (15) are fixedly provided with side push cylinders (7) through the cylinder base (5), and, the tail end of the piston rod is fixedly provided with a push plate, and the outer side of the side push cylinder (7) is communicated with the air pipe (11).
2. The automatic positioning type workbench of the numerical control machine according to claim 1, characterized in that four groups of same hoisting rings (1) are fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top periphery of the table top (15) through fixing plates.
3. The novel automatic positioning type workbench for the numerical control machine tool according to claim 2, wherein the bottoms of the air compressor (12) and the pressure tank (13) are fixed on the ground through anchor bolts.
4. The new automatic positioning type worktable for numerically controlled machine tools according to claim 3, characterized in that the height of the front workpiece positioning plate (9) is greater than the height of the workpiece (6) placed on the workpiece support plate (8).
5. The new automatic positioning type worktable for numerical control machine tools according to claim 4, characterized in that the front workpiece positioning plate (9) is made of nylon material.
6. The new automatic positioning type workbench for numerical control machine tool according to claim 5, characterized in that a set of rubber pads is laid on the surface of the bottom underside of the upper workpiece fixing plate (14) contacting with the upper side of the workpiece (6).
7. The new automatic positioning type worktable for numerical control machine tools according to claim 6, characterized in that the cylinder (3) is configured as a double-shaft cylinder.
8. The novel automatic positioning type workbench of the numerical control machine according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the bottoms of the corner cylinder (2), the cylinder (3) and the side-push cylinder (7) are fixed on the surface of the table top (15) through fastening screws.
CN201910993372.1A 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool Pending CN110576326A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910993372.1A CN110576326A (en) 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910993372.1A CN110576326A (en) 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110576326A true CN110576326A (en) 2019-12-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910993372.1A Pending CN110576326A (en) 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 Novel automatic positioning type workbench of numerical control machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110576326A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111604704A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-01 常州市瑾瑜精密科技有限公司 Numerical control milling machine fixture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111604704A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-01 常州市瑾瑜精密科技有限公司 Numerical control milling machine fixture

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