CN110497504A - A kind of masonry molding machine and its application and the molding method of masonry - Google Patents

A kind of masonry molding machine and its application and the molding method of masonry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110497504A
CN110497504A CN201910948611.1A CN201910948611A CN110497504A CN 110497504 A CN110497504 A CN 110497504A CN 201910948611 A CN201910948611 A CN 201910948611A CN 110497504 A CN110497504 A CN 110497504A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cloth
pressure
fabric
static
base
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910948611.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹映辉
胡漪
曹映皓
李宏
张秦州
任建峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XI'AN SILVER HORSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
XI'AN SILVER HORSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201910357215.1A priority Critical patent/CN109968496A/en
Priority to CN2019103572151 priority
Application filed by XI'AN SILVER HORSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical XI'AN SILVER HORSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Publication of CN110497504A publication Critical patent/CN110497504A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/08Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting
    • B28B1/087Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting by means acting on the mould ; Fixation thereof to the mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • B28B13/0215Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo
    • B28B13/023Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo by using a feed box transferring the moulding material from a hopper to the moulding cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/04Discharging the shaped articles
    • B28B13/06Removing the shaped articles from moulds
    • B28B13/065Removing the shaped articles from moulds by applying electric current or other means of discharging, e.g. pneumatic or hydraulic discharging means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/003Pressing by means acting upon the material via flexible mould wall parts, e.g. by means of inflatable cores, isostatic presses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of masonry molding machines, it includes cloth systems, vibrational system, static-pressure system, control system, wherein, cloth system at base material for will be filled into the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system of same station, when the technical parameter at base material in moulding box reaches the preset value in control system, vibration and static-pressure system apply vibration and pressurization at base material by the operating parameters respectively set, while into moulding box, until reaching into the predetermined altitude of base material setting, then finished base substrate is deviate from into mold, completes base process.The present invention, at base operating condition, can be obtained and be required needed for the plastics products for building with beautiful durable high-intensity performance at base, form very fine and close unidirectional rigid solid with normality.

Description

A kind of masonry molding machine and its application and the molding method of masonry
Technical field
The invention belongs to concrete building material product production machinery fields, and in particular to one kind is suitable for using for building The formation of concrete building materials such as sandstone, industrial waste, lithotome class waste material, tailing waste material and molding manufactured stone product Vibrate a kind of compound masonry molding machine of & static pressure.
Background technique
In recent years, the full recovery of global economy, concrete building material product industry welcome fast-developing opportunity.Country Promoting ecological environment-friendly and green idea of development stands fast at soil red line, and the production of clay brick has been completely forbidden in some areas, while high dirty Therefore the exploitation of the pure natural stone material of dye, utilizes various industrial wastes, tailing waste material, stone material using being necessarily greatly affected Waste material of exploitation etc. is come to produce concrete building material product be imperative.
From the various bricks of current concrete product class, block, stone product Analysis of Forming Process, it is well known that concrete segment Molding machine is mostly saturating to produce the concrete segment, porous brick, floor file road surface of building or city (town) change process upgrading needs Based on the sandstones product such as water brick, the moulding mechanism of product is released multistage based on the vibratory compaction of its product by vibration Binding force between the concrete materials coarse-fine aggregate matched is thick by vibrating after so that concrete materials is quickly poured die box figure chamber Fine aggregate slides again, is homogenized fine and close mixing, effectively in order to keep concrete product upper surface closely knit and reach best Product decoration effect, act on product upper surface using die head pressure-bearing surface, product is corresponding by the upper surface of pressure-bearing Effectively apply pressure and is less than 1kgf/cm2, so that product is reached vibration compacting effect in the case where vibrating the collective effect with artesian condition, This working condition is relatively stringent to material gradation in technique: the fineness modulus range of gradation is in 3.7~3.8mm in more controls Preferably, the not super 10mm of the maximum particle diameter of the material used, minimum grain size are not less than 1mm.
The product forming process that the concrete product hydrostatic profile machine uses, working condition system use in relatively Based on the high pressure non-permeable stone product relatively compact to green body interior tissue, such as garden landscape imitation stone product and fine powder material Dinas brickes etc., the corresponding effective application static pressure of product surface are greater than 100kgf/cm2, because it uses product on this station Apply the above push-down head pressure-bearing up and down, structure limits no vibrational system, makes the uniformity coefficient of material mold filling process Flow of Goods and Materials Poor, only depended on pressure mutually squeezes molten, squeezes in molten in static pressure, due to this function of the vibratory compaction of no aforementioned type, so right The material for fineness modulus 3.7~3.8mm range that multistage is matched is to be not suitable for operating area, to the concrete of 5~10mm range Rigid material, the degree of homogenizing between material coarse-fine aggregate is poor, and the fine and close homogenieity for causing into base is poor, thus product is not achieved Even compact optimum efficiency;Thus hydrostatic profile machine be appropriate only for material fineness modulus it is smaller, coarse aggregate is in entire object Only the working condition between 15%~25%, industrial automation need high standard to control thicker rigid material to the accounting of material when producing Ratio.
Aforementioned, concrete block moulding machine is the type based on build concrete sandstone raw material, even mixes 100 The above powder material of mesh, such as flyash and microlith powder, the fine powder doses that suitable incorporation can use are only capable of very Lack, and the indexs such as intensity, compactness extent are lower with respect to static pressure brick machine.In view of above-mentioned, various industrial wastes, tail are being made full use of Mine, such as ardealite, red mud, float stone, shale, flyash, gangue, slag material production building material, and then including PC system The problem of product, manufactured stone product, single concrete block moulding machine type or single concrete product static pressure type are at base work The drawbacks of there are technical deficiencies in skill.From the industry be in first place in the world Germany, Italy in rotating disc type brick machine Design feature can peep out one or two, and on the same device, vibration is completed with static pressure is also two stations of partition, but still is reached Situation most preferably at base is obtained less than vibration & static pressure product molding is carried out in the interaction simultaneously of same station, it is seen that realizes vibration & static pressure The working condition applied with the period has comparable technical difficulty, is the blank of technical matters.
In order to play the best-of-breed technology combination advantage of two kinds of single techniques of vibration and static pressure, the present invention is mutual by the two advantage It mends, optimizes structure, efficiently solve concrete block moulding machine formation of concrete product compactness deficiency, static pressure machine rigidity is to object Expect the problem of gradation high standards, the vibration of same station and static pressure are simultaneously deposited, and have maximumlly been played the two respectively advantage, have been made together Realize that the diversification of concrete product category becomes a reality on one equipment station.
Summary of the invention
For technical problem existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of masonry molding machine that vibration & static pressure is compound, Structure of the invention setting is rationally, operating cost is low, high production efficiency, effects of energy conservation and environmental protection is good, is widely portable to various industry Waste material, tailing and the production of artificial stone.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of masonry molding machine comprising:
Cloth system, the cloth system at base material for will be filled into the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system;
Vibrational system, for the vibrational system by horizontal vibration platform, the simple harmonic oscillation for generating vertical direction acts on mould The bottom at base material in case makes material have product and reaches more fine and close material uniformization effect at base material, reduces At inside base material gap and air;
Static-pressure system, the static-pressure system are acted perpendicularly at the upper surface of base material in moulding box, for squeezing in moulding box At base material, reduce inside base material gap and air, obtain the moulded products of finer and close masonry;
Control system, the control system is for setting the molding technical parameter of masonry moulded products, for controlling vibration System, static-pressure system, the operation of cloth system.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the preset value and calibration value of masonry forming technique parameter are according at base material Classification, bulk density, compactness press operation needed for each dynamical system driving function that the man-machine interface in the control system carries out Program setting, and effectively implement product into the operation process of base, wherein the material setting pre-value is higher than the height of finished product 3~5mm.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that in cloth system is using the excess of stroke cloth moved horizontally at base material filling Mode, it is ensured that full at base material in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the technical parameter of the control system setting includes: into base material along level side To the mobile mold filling cloth filling mode outranged, filling number, pre- vibration frequency, amplitude.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the cloth system includes bottom material cloth system and fabric cloth system.It is described Bottom material cloth system and fabric cloth system are separately positioned on the two sides of vibrational system and static-pressure system.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the bottom material cloth system includes bottom material storage hopper, bottom material crane, bottom material cloth Hopper, bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder, bottom material rack and bottom material elevating mechanism, bottom material storage hopper lower openings and bottom material cloth hopper The corresponding setting of feed inlet, bottom material storage hopper are fixed on the upper end two sides attachment beam of bottom material crane frame body with bolt, The motor reducer that driving is opened the door is bolted behind the upper end in the bottom material crane frame body on attachment beam;Bottom material crane It is spirally connected below the attachment beam of frame body lower end two sides and adjusts the bottom material elevating mechanism of height, company is fixed with bolt in bottom material elevating mechanism lower end It connects in bottom material rack, the bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder is mounted on the attachment beam of lower end in bottom material crane frame body rear On, the bottom material cloth hopper is connected with bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder, and the bottom material cloth hopper is arranged under bottom material storage hopper On the platform of square bottom material crane lower end two sides attachment beam support.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the bottom material storage hopper is the bottom material material of motor reducer driving folding sluice gate Storage bucket is fixed by bolts in bottom material rack after the bottom material crane is adjusted to the height being adapted to moulding box.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that under the drive of bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder, bottom material cloth hopper is moved forward and backward, when When needing cloth, the rotation of cloth motor reducer drives rotation cloth tooth rotary harrow material in case to be sent into material on bottom material cloth hopper In the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the cloth system is fabric cloth system, and the fabric cloth system includes Fabric storage hopper, fabric crane, fabric cloth hopper, fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder, fabric rack and fabric elevating mechanism, institute State the fabric material storing bucket that fabric storage hopper is motor reducer driving folding sluice gate, fabric storage hopper lower openings and fabric Cloth hopper feed inlet is corresponding, and fabric storage hopper is fixed on the upper end two sides attachment beam of fabric crane frame body with bolt On, drive the motor reducer of enabling to be bolted behind the upper end in the fabric crane frame body on attachment beam;Fabric liter It is spirally connected below drop frame frame body lower end two sides attachment beam and adjusts the fabric elevating mechanism of height, fabric elevating mechanism lower end is solid with bolt Surely it is connected in fabric rack.
A kind of preferred embodiment is after fabric crane is adjusted to the height being adapted to moulding box, to be fixed with bolt In fabric rack, the lower section fabric crane lower end two sides attachment beam support of fabric storage hopper is arranged in the fabric cloth hopper Platform on, the fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder is mounted in fabric crane frame body rear on the attachment beam of lower end, described Fabric cloth hopper is connected with fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder, under the drive of fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder, before and after fabric cloth hopper Movement will be sent into the moulding box of vibrating static-pressure system at base material.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the static-pressure system includes top beam, guide post, pedestal, load bearing support platform, demoulding branch It holds seat, rack, jack walking beam, master cylinder, service hoisting cylinder, moulding box, displacement detector and demoulding oil jar, under the rack End, which is bolted, to be fixed on the base, and cloth track and fluid pressure line are equipped in rack.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that installation is cased with the pressure head jacking walking beam and installation set of head with pressure on the guide post There is the demoulding fulcrum bearing being connected with moulding box, master cylinder and service hoisting cylinder, master cylinder and service hoisting are installed on the top beam Cylinder lower end of the bolt connect pressure head jack walking beam, pressure head jack walking beam master cylinder and service hoisting cylinder effect under on move down It is dynamic;The demoulding fulcrum bearing that is connected with moulding box moves up and down under demoulding oil jar effect along guide post, and demoulding oil jar lower end of the bolt connects It connects and is mounted on the base, in upper end connection demoulding fulcrum bearing;It is equipped with load bearing support platform on the base, in the load bearing support Platform, which is nested with, is provided with vibration device.Wherein, the guide post is about four straight-through and install in parallel, the guide post it is upper and lower Top beam and pedestal are locked by nut by end respectively, form the frame matrix of static-pressure system.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that institute's displacement sensing device is linear displacement transducer, detection jacking walking beam The sensor body of displacement is fixed on top beam, and straight-line displacement movable end is fixed on jacking walking beam;Detection demoulding fulcrum bearing The sensor body of displacement is fixed on the base, and straight-line displacement movable end is fixed in demoulding fulcrum bearing.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the vibrational system includes vibration power source, vibration device, the vibration device It is in contact setting between pedestal by the durable rubber spring of multiple groups.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the vibration device is solid by durable rubber spring and helical spring connection component Surely it is mounted on the base, and is nested in the load bearing support platform of static-pressure system, the power intake and vibration power of vibration device The output shaft in source is connected.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the vibration device is the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of chip, The servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of chip and static pressure are acted in same station seamless interfacing.
A kind of preferred embodiment is the vibration rotary shaft of the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of chip Number be 2N+2, wherein N is natural number, and the arrangement form of the rotary shaft is using plane or the parallel even number rotation of spatial interaction Shaft.
A kind of preferred embodiment is the regime mode setting of the control system control vibrational system and static-pressure system Including operating condition have: first shake press afterwards, while vibration while press, first press shake afterwards or pulse shake press.
A kind of preferred embodiment is that the master cylinder is the unidirectional principal pressure oil cylinder of large-diameter, the service hoisting cylinder Quantity be two, two service hoisting cylinders it is uniformly distributed jacking walking beam and top beam between, spiral shell on the jacking walking beam It is connected to pressure head, is connected between the moulding box and demoulding fulcrum bearing by elastomer.
A kind of application of masonry molding machine, which is characterized in that the application is using building materials material, and the manufacture of building materials waste material is general Logical concrete product or dry or wet prepare the one of which of artificial imitation stone.
A kind of molding method of masonry, wherein the step of molding method of masonry includes has:
A. when the control system starts cloth system, cloth system handle is filled into vibrational system and static pressure at base material After the moulding box of system, control system control vibrational system starting, reduce moulding box in inside base material gap and air;
B. when the masonry for reaching control system setting at base material inserted in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box forms When the preset value of technical parameter, control system starts vibrational system and static-pressure system simultaneously, and vibrational system and static-pressure system are simultaneously Apply vibration and static pressure at base material in moulding box, it is further reduce inside base material gap and air;
C. when the masonry for reaching control system setting at base material inserted in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box forms When the calibration value of technical parameter, control system control static-pressure system operation, static-pressure system squeeze moulding box at base material;
D. when reaching the molding height of masonry, the vibrational system and static-pressure system stop operation, finished product demoulding.
The present invention is to accelerate the crowded of material to melt liquefaction using the purpose of large-tonnage pressure, reduces the voidage of product molding, The consistency of product is improved, and then improves the intensity of product.
& static-pressure system is vibrated in the present invention according to the motor synchronizing theory of vibration in relation to rotating the reasonable distribution with translation quality And synchronism and stability discussion that geometric shape combines, it is empty using the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of chip For quasi- electronic gear Synchronization Theory according to support, the two solves original mechanical gear forced synchronism multi by optimum organization Synchronism and stability problem, guarantee Targeting delivery and the utilization of the energy of vibrational system, effectively improve molding cycle two seconds More than.
The load bearing support platform and shake table body mechanism of nested type, have effectively used for reference the mechanism of block forming machine vibration, again When maintaining the speciality of static pressure machine, while vibrated when product molding with same station load bearing support platform at static pressure except as static pressure The effect of load bearing support, retaining acts on when also playing vibration, plays vibration to greatest extent, by vibration when product molding, Make quickly to slide between material particles, to filling and closely knit trends movement, it is maximum eliminate storeroom gap and reach be vented and Material compacting effect reaches homogeneous;Master cylinder generates the pressure pressure of several hundred tons to kiloton or more, squeezes material mutually and melts, reaches To material liquefaction convergent validity, guarantee product consistency.
The present invention uses vibration+static pressure mode, and effect and pure high static pressure scheme comparison after implementing are surveyed through repetition test It calculates, only in the case where vibrational system plays 50%~70% effect and 600 tons of pressure pressure collective effect situations, moment (in 1.5s) The article effectiveness of suitable 1400~1800 tons or more of pure static pressure machine is generated, most critical factor is to the pre- of product material early period Treatment process becomes relatively easy, because the material of the pure static pressure mechanical goods of building material industry is advisable with fine powder material, relative particle class object Material is not easy to handle, and often because exhausting problem need to be compacted more than twice).To industrial tailings, the CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND (mine of 200~300 mesh Powder, mountain flour) architecture sediment processing etc. it is especially suitable, product green body passes through natural curing in 28 days, reaches 50MPa~80MPa Higher level compression strength specific mechanics range.
Main formation system of the invention using classical four parallel guide pillar structures, guide post it is pre- it is next top beam and pedestal are connected firmly, Walking beam is jacked simultaneously and demoulding moulding box seat shares four guide posts as lifting guide post, and mold pairing precision is accurate, guarantees product Precision.
Compared with prior art, it is to use the advantages of molding machine of the present invention and first vibrates the forming process pressurizeed afterwards, The forming process includes: 1. to form initial stage: material forms plastic body under bobbing machine vibration power effect;2. forming mid-term: material exists Elasticoplastic body is formed under middle pressure cylinder and the collective effect of vibration;3. forming the later period: when height of materials is being higher than product requirement When highly 3~5mm, unidirectional rigid body is formed under the unidirectional master cylinder effect of hundreds of tons of high pressures.
Designer of the present invention is by years of researches and test discovery, when loose material enters moulding box by cloth hopper, In entrainment of 3%~5% gas, not only the gas in its material cannot be discharged for this pure static pressure type, it is serious also So that product is formed horizontal cross layering, can thus largely effect on product strength and inherent quality, and pure vibration type is being made Product are at the requirement that ideal high solidity is also not achieved when base.Molding machine of the present invention can will include ardealite, red mud, float stone, liquid rock, The product of " high uniformity is fine and close " is made in various waste materials, tailing including flyash, gangue, slag, ceramics etc., it is for big Small raw material can make, and thin raw material and pure vibration type can only be used to the whole of adobe the reason is that it overcomes static pressure type Brickmaking is squeezed both molten, liquefaction unification between base material to the maximum extent by the defect of body compactness difference, and due to molding machine Can enter small raw material, fine powder material among larger raw material gap using pre- vibration in cloth process, thus form final 3~ When 5mm stroke is pushed with hundreds of tons of pressure, just good intensity height, compactness, high quality successfully can be made in material and had The product of aesthetic appearances, product can make various materials compress fine and close formation atom covalence bond conjunction in the later period at base densification Required necessary condition, this namely produces high-intensitive, high solidity product theoretical foundation using the present invention.Through this type The adobe index that cryochemistry ceramic (CBC) requires is fully achieved in the adobe produced.
Masonry molding machine provided by the invention is totally different from traditional vibration type and static pressure type, it can not only be filled Divide and utilize various industrial wastes, tailing, and under the premise of high uniformity dense product is made, it can be according to different needs Formula ingredient and the different configurations for carrying out apparatus for production line etc. are flexibly carried out, production efficiency is greatly increased, simplifies life Producing line configuration, reduces production cost, has many advantages, such as that small in size, structure is simple, function is more, energy saving, efficient.By the molding machine The product for the high uniformity densification produced, which gives the full-automatic production line that it matches and can be compatible with various classical modes, to be mentioned Precondition has been supplied, has made it in production line, can both do cement products, can also do no cement products, while to there is particular/special requirement All kinds of cultural bricks modelled after an antique, imitation stone based article is more effective;Both lifter plate, kiln car, curing kilns can be used to form production line, it can also Using green compact robot palletizer (electric mechanical hand), transfer car(buggy), still kettle composition without base supporting plate production line, can both produce subtle Material products can also produce the product of all size partial size raw material, substantially increase the competing of construction market using type of the present invention Ability is striven, the popularization and application of technical solution can make full use of waste material, curb environmental pollution, benefit the nation and the people, make building material Mechanization is more perfect.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the front view of embodiment 1 in the present invention.
The position Fig. 2 left side view of the invention.
Appended drawing reference in figure are as follows:
10- control system, 101- bottom material storage hopper, 102- bottom material crane, 103- bottom material cloth hopper, 104- bottom material Cloth hopper drive cylinder, 105- bottom material rack, 106- bottom material elevating mechanism;
201- top beam, 202- guide post, 203- vibrate power source, 204- pedestal, 205- load bearing support platform, 206- vibration Dynamic system, 207- demoulding fulcrum bearing, 208- rack, 209- jacking walking beam, 210- master cylinder, 211- service hoisting cylinder, 212- displacement detector 213- moulding box;214- demoulding oil jar
301- fabric storage hopper, 302- fabric crane, 303- fabric cloth hopper, 304- fabric cloth hopper driving oil Cylinder, 305- fabric rack, 306- fabric elevating mechanism.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments, is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under that premise of not paying creative labor Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1 (is commonly called as entire body product)
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the masonry molding machine of the present embodiment, the molding machine include:
Cloth system, cloth system at base material for will be filled into the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system;
Vibrational system, by horizontal vibration platform, the simple harmonic oscillation for generating vertical direction acts in moulding box vibrational system The bottom at base material, so that material is had product and reach more fine and close material uniformization effect at base material, reduce into base Gap and air inside material;
Static-pressure system, static-pressure system act perpendicularly in moulding box into the upper surface of base material, for squeeze in moulding box at Base material, reduce inside base material gap and air, obtain the moulded products of finer and close masonry;Control system 10, The control system is for setting the molding technical parameter of masonry moulded products, for controlling vibrational system, static-pressure system, cloth The operation of system.
Preferably, cloth system is bottom material cloth system in the present embodiment, the bottom material cloth system includes bottom material storage Hopper 101, bottom material crane 102, bottom material cloth hopper 103, bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, bottom material rack 105 and bottom material liter The upper end of bottom material crane 102 is arranged in descending mechanism 106, the bottom material storage hopper 101, in the bottom material crane 102 Lower part is equipped with the bottom material elevating mechanism 106 for adjusting height, and the bottom material cloth hopper 103 is arranged in bottom material storage hopper 101 Lower section, bottom material storage hopper 101 be motor reducer driving open the door bottom material storage hopper, 101 lower openings of bottom material storage hopper with The 103 corresponding setting of feed inlet of bottom material cloth hopper, the bottom material cloth hopper 103 are connected with bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, bottom Material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104 drives bottom material cloth hopper 103 to move forward and backward, and bottom material cloth hopper 103 is under motor reducer drive It is sent into bottom material cloth hopper 103 by material in the moulding box 213 of vibrating static-pressure system;
It includes top beam 201, guide post 202, vibration power source 203, pedestal 204, load-bearing that & static-pressure system is vibrated in the present embodiment Supporting table 205, vibrational system 206, demoulding fulcrum bearing 207, rack 208, jacking walking beam 209, master cylinder 210, service hoisting Cylinder 211, displacement detector 212, moulding box 213 and demoulding oil jar 214 form, the top beam 201, guide post 202 and 204 groups of pedestal At frame matrix,
The guide post 202 be about four it is straight-through is arranged on base 204, the top of the guide post 202 with top beam 201 It is connected, is arranged with the jacking walking beam 209 of the pressure head with pressure head on 202 top of guide post, is arranged in 202 lower part of guide post The demoulding fulcrum bearing 207 being connected with moulding box 213 is equipped with master cylinder 210, In between the top and moulding box 213 of the top beam 201 Service hoisting cylinder 211 is equipped between the jacking walking beam 209 and top beam 201, the pedestal 204 is equipped with load bearing support platform 205, be nested in the load bearing support platform 205 and be provided with vibrational system 206, the power intake of the vibrational system 206 with The output shaft for vibrating power source 203 is connected, and cloth track and fluid pressure line is equipped in the rack 208, in the top beam 201 Displacement detector 212 is mounted on in jacking walking beam 209, pedestal 204 and demoulding fulcrum bearing 207.
As further preferred, vibrational system 206 is the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibration system of chip in the present embodiment System, the vibrational system 206 are nested in load bearing support platform 205 by elastomer installation.
As further preferred, the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of the present embodiment chip is acted with static pressure same One station seamless interfacing, mated condition be first shake press afterwards, while vibration while press, first press shake afterwards or pulse shake press.
As further preferred, the vibration rotary shaft of the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of the present embodiment chip is Four axis and the above even number axis, rotary shaft are parallel arrangement or space plane interaction parallel arrangement.
As further preferred, the present embodiment frame matrix is steel structure frame.
As further preferred, the present embodiment master cylinder 210 is the unidirectional principal pressure oil cylinder of large-diameter.
As further preferred, the quantity of the present embodiment service hoisting cylinder 211 is two, and two service hoisting cylinders 211 are equal It is even to be laid between jacking walking beam 209 and top beam 201.
As further preferred, pressure head is bolted on jacking walking beam 209 described in the present embodiment.
As further preferred, pass through elastomer connection between moulding box 213 described in the present embodiment and demoulding fulcrum bearing 207.
As further preferred, in the present embodiment, the shifting detection device 212 is linear displacement transducer, detection jacking The sensor body that walking beam 209 is displaced is fixed on top beam 201, and straight-line displacement movable end is fixed on jacking walking beam 209; The sensor body that detection demoulding fulcrum bearing 207 is displaced is fixed on base 204, and straight-line displacement movable end is fixed on demoulding bearing On seat 207.
As still more preferably, pass through the durable rubber spring of multiple groups between the present embodiment vibrational system 206 and pedestal 204 Be in contact setting.
As still more preferably, material described in the present embodiment be arranged scheduled height value higher than finished product height 3~ 5mm。
Power source 203 is vibrated in the present embodiment provides one group of servo electrical machinery system of power for vibrational system.
The working mechanism of the present embodiment is parallel by the even number relied on the servo-controlled virtual electronic gear of chip Shaft vibration system is separately applied at the final process of base in adobe at vertical orientation vibration is applied on base bottom stage face Hundreds of tons of static pressure makes brickmaking achieve the effect that height packed uniform at base.
The present embodiment specific work process is as follows:
It will prepare and be sent into bottom material storage hopper 101 by the ingredient that blender has mixed and stirred by belt feeder, bottom material in proportion Bottom material cloth hopper 103 is moved to 101 lower section of bottom material storage hopper by cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, opens bottom material by motor driven After the bin gate of storage hopper 101, material is flowed into bottom material cloth hopper 103, and bottom material cloth hopper 103 is in bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder The moulding box 213 of vibrating static-pressure system is proceeded under the action of 104, bottom material crane 102 passes through its lower bottom material elevator installed Structure 106 adjusts the height of bottom material crane 102, and bottom material elevating mechanism 106 is worm and gear spiral lifting component, goes up and down ontology It is fixed in bottom material rack 105, elevating lever is fixed on end floor beam under crane 102, is adapted to the mould installed in vibrating static-pressure system The height of case 213, then the agitating shaft in bottom material cloth hopper 103 is rotated by motor reducer, to 213 filler of moulding box, At the same time, vibrational system starts to be shaken in advance, and by the empty material jolt ramming in moulding box 213, bottom material cloth hopper 103 continues into moulding box Filler, when reaching predetermined set, the hydrostatic profile machine in the present embodiment selects excess of stroke cloth mode, special according to product and material Property, the parameters such as distributing mode, cloth number and pre- vibration frequency are preset in man-machine interface, it is ensured that material is full in moulding box, Bottom material charge car 103 after completion cloth, bottom material cloth hopper 103 back to bottom material under the driving of bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104 The lower section of storage hopper 101, then jack walking beam 209 with pressure head downlink and pressing die under the driving of two side cylinders on top beam 201 Blank in case, while vibrational system continues to vibrate.It is big among top beam when forming height is higher than 3~5mm of design height The unidirectional master cylinder 210 of cylinder diameter continues to press to pressure head into blank in moulding box with hundreds of tons of pressure under high drive, until reaching Predetermined altitude, i.e. product height are set.Hereafter demould 207 support of fulcrum bearing moulding box uplink under the driving of two sides demoulding oil jar it is de- Mould produces the product of ordinary material, and product is sent out by dedicated unit and is conserved.
The masonry molding machine of the present embodiment, the application are to manufacture normal concrete system using building materials material or building materials waste material Product.
The masonry molding machine of the present embodiment, the application are to prepare artificial imitation stone using dry or wet.
Embodiment two
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present embodiment is a kind of masonry molding machine, which includes:
Cloth system, cloth system at base material for will be filled into the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system;
Vibrational system, by horizontal vibration platform, the simple harmonic oscillation for generating vertical direction acts in moulding box vibrational system The bottom at base material, so that material is had product and reach more fine and close material uniformization effect at base material, reduce into base Gap and air inside material;
Static-pressure system, static-pressure system act perpendicularly in moulding box into the upper surface of base material, for squeeze in moulding box at Base material, reduce inside base material gap and air, obtain the moulded products of finer and close masonry;Control system 10, The control system is for setting the molding technical parameter of masonry moulded products, for controlling vibrational system, static-pressure system, cloth The operation of system.
Preferably, cloth system includes bottom material cloth system and fabric cloth system, the bottom material in the present embodiment Cloth system and fabric cloth system are separately positioned on the two sides of vibrating static-pressure system, and the bottom material cloth system includes bottom material storage Hopper 101, bottom material crane 102, bottom material cloth hopper 103, bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, bottom material rack 105 and bottom material liter The upper end of bottom material crane 102 is arranged in descending mechanism 106, the bottom material storage hopper 101, in the bottom material crane 102 Lower part is equipped with the bottom material elevating mechanism 106 for adjusting height, and the bottom material cloth hopper 103 is arranged in bottom material storage hopper 101 Lower section, bottom material storage hopper 101 be motor reducer driving open the door bottom material storage hopper, 101 lower openings of bottom material storage hopper with The 103 corresponding setting of feed inlet of bottom material cloth hopper, the bottom material cloth hopper 103 are connected with bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, bottom Material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104 drives bottom material cloth hopper 103 to move forward and backward, and bottom material cloth hopper 103 is under motor reducer drive It is sent into bottom material cloth hopper 103 by material in the moulding box 213 of vibrating static-pressure system;
The fabric cloth system includes fabric storage hopper 301, fabric crane 302, fabric cloth hopper 303, fabric cloth Hopper drive cylinder 304, fabric rack 305 and fabric elevating mechanism 306, the setting of fabric storage hopper 301 are gone up and down in fabric The upper end of frame 302 is equipped with the fabric elevating mechanism 306 for adjusting height, face in the lower part of the fabric crane 302 Material elevating mechanism 306 is worm and gear spiral lifting component, and lifting ontology is fixed in fabric rack 305, and elevating lever is fixed In the lower end floor beam of crane 302, the lower section of fabric storage hopper 301, fabric storage hopper 301 is arranged in the fabric cloth hopper 303 For the fabric storage hopper that motor reducer driving is opened the door, 301 lower openings of fabric storage hopper and 303 feed inlet phase of fabric cloth hopper It is correspondingly arranged, the fabric cloth hopper 303 is connected with fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder 304,304 band of fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder Dynamic fabric cloth hopper 303 moves forward and backward, and fabric cloth hopper 303 makes fabric cloth hopper 303 by fabric under motor reducer drive It is sent into the moulding box 213 of vibrating static-pressure system.
It includes top beam 201, guide post 202, vibration power source 203, pedestal 204, load-bearing that & static-pressure system is vibrated in the present embodiment Supporting table 205, vibrational system 206, demoulding fulcrum bearing 207, rack 208, jacking walking beam 209, master cylinder 210, service hoisting Cylinder 211, displacement detector 212, moulding box 213 and demoulding oil jar 214, the top beam 201, guide post 202 and pedestal 204 form frame Frame matrix,
The guide post 202 be about four it is straight-through is arranged on base 204, the top of the guide post 202 with top beam 201 It is connected, is arranged with the jacking walking beam 209 of the pressure head with pressure head on 202 top of guide post, is arranged in 202 lower part of guide post The demoulding fulcrum bearing 207 being connected with moulding box 213 is equipped with master cylinder 210, In between the top and moulding box 213 of the top beam 201 Service hoisting cylinder 211 is equipped between the jacking walking beam 209 and top beam 201, the pedestal 204 is equipped with load bearing support platform 205, be nested in the load bearing support platform 205 and be provided with vibrational system 206, the power intake of the vibrational system 206 with The output shaft for vibrating power source 203 is connected, and is equipped with cloth track and fluid pressure line in the rack 208.
As further preferred, vibrational system 206 is the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibration system of chip in the present embodiment System, the vibrational system 206 are nested in load bearing support platform 205 by elastomer installation.
As further preferred, the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of the present embodiment chip is acted with static pressure same One station seamless interfacing, mated condition be first shake press afterwards, while vibration while press, first press shake afterwards or pulse shake press.
As further preferred, the vibration rotary shaft of the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of the present embodiment chip is Four axis and the above even number axis, rotary shaft are parallel arrangement or space plane interaction parallel arrangement.
As further preferred, the present embodiment master cylinder 210 is the unidirectional principal pressure oil cylinder of large-diameter.
As further preferred, the quantity of the present embodiment service hoisting cylinder 211 is two, and two service hoisting cylinders 211 are equal It is even to be laid between jacking walking beam 209 and top beam 201.
As further preferred, pressure head is bolted on jacking walking beam 209 described in the present embodiment.
As further preferred, pass through elastomer connection between moulding box 213 described in the present embodiment and demoulding fulcrum bearing 207.
As further preferred, shifting detection device 212 described in the present embodiment is linear displacement transducer, and detection jacking is lived The sensor body that dynamic beam 209 is displaced is fixed on top beam 201, and straight-line displacement movable end is fixed on jacking walking beam 209;Inspection It surveys the sensor body that demoulding fulcrum bearing 207 is displaced to fix on base 204, straight-line displacement movable end is fixed on demoulding fulcrum bearing On 207.
As still more preferably, pass through the durable rubber spring of multiple groups between the present embodiment vibrational system 206 and pedestal 204 Be in contact setting.
As still more preferably, material described in the present embodiment be arranged scheduled height value higher than finished product height 3~ 5mm。
Power source 203 is vibrated in the present embodiment provides one group of servo electrical machinery system of power for vibrational system
The working mechanism of the present embodiment is parallel by the even number relied on the servo-controlled virtual electronic gear of chip Shaft vibration system is separately applied at the final process of base in adobe at vertical orientation vibration is applied on base bottom stage face Hundreds of tons of static pressure makes brickmaking achieve the effect that height packed uniform at base.
The present embodiment specific work process is as follows:
When to produce the product with colored fabric, first by the bottom material prepared and mixed and stirred by blender in proportion by skin Band machine is sent into bottom material storage hopper 101, and bottom material cloth hopper 103 is moved to bottom material storage hopper by bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104 Below 101, after the bin gate that bottom material storage hopper 101 is opened by motor driven, material is flowed into bottom material cloth hopper 103, bottom material cloth Hopper 103 proceeds to the moulding box 213 of vibrating static-pressure system, bottom material crane under the action of bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104 102 adjust the height of bottom material crane 102 by its lower bottom material elevating mechanism 106 installed, and bottom material elevating mechanism 106 is worm gear Worm spiral lifting assembly, lifting ontology are fixed in bottom material rack 105, and elevating lever is fixed on end floor beam under crane 102, The height for the moulding box 213 installed in adaptation vibrating static-pressure system, then the agitating shaft in bottom material cloth hopper 103 is in motor reducer It is rotated by, to 213 filler of moulding box, at the same time, vibrational system starts to be shaken in advance, the void in moulding box 213 is expected into jolt ramming, Bottom material cloth hopper 103 continues the filler into moulding box, is reaching predetermined set, and the hydrostatic profile machine in the present embodiment selects excess of stroke cloth Material mode presets the ginseng such as distributing mode, cloth number and pre- vibration frequency according to product and material characteristic in man-machine interface Number, it is ensured that material is full in moulding box, completes bottom material charge car 103 after cloth, when, bottom material cloth hopper 103 drives in bottom material cloth hopper Dynamic oil cylinder 104 backs to 101 lower section of bottom material storage hopper under driving, then mixed by preparation in proportion and by fabric blender Fabric is sent into fabric storage hopper 301 by belt, and fabric cloth hopper 303 is moved to fabric by fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder 304 Below storage hopper 301, after the bin gate that fabric storage hopper 301 is opened by motor driven, material flows into fabric cloth below In case 303, after backing to below bottom material storage hopper 101 under the driving of bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder 104, walking beam is then jacked 209 press out fabric cloth height with pressure head downlink after promoted, fabric cloth hopper 303 is in fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder 304 213 top of moulding box is proceeded under effect, is retracted after inserting fabric to moulding box 213 under pre- vibration situation, the large-diameter among top beam Unidirectional master cylinder 210 continues to press to pressure head into blank in moulding box 213 with hundreds of tons of pressure under high drive, until reaching Predetermined altitude, i.e. product height are set.Hereafter demould 207 support of fulcrum bearing moulding box uplink under the driving of two sides demoulding oil jar it is de- Mould produces band colour plane material products, and the product with colored fabric is sent out by dedicated unit and is conserved.
The masonry molding machine of the present embodiment, the application are to manufacture normal concrete system using building materials material or building materials waste material Product.
Embodiment three
The present invention also provides a kind of molding methods of masonry, wherein the step of molding method of masonry includes has:
A. when the control system starts cloth system, cloth system handle is filled into vibrational system and static pressure at base material After the moulding box of system, control system 10 control vibrational system starting, reduce moulding box in inside base material gap and air;
B. when the masonry for reaching control system setting at base material inserted in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box forms When the preset value of technical parameter, control system 10 starts vibrational system and static-pressure system simultaneously, and vibrational system and static-pressure system are same When apply vibration and static pressure at base material in moulding box, it is further reduce inside base material gap and air;
C. when insert in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box at base material reach the masonry of the setting of control system 10 at When the calibration value of type technical parameter, control system 10 control static-pressure system operation, static-pressure system squeeze moulding box at base material;
D. when reaching the molding height of masonry, the vibrational system and static-pressure system stop operation, finished product demoulding.
The masonry molding machine of the present embodiment, application are to prepare artificial imitation stone using dry or wet.
Equipment system involved in the application is suitable for technical field belonging to concrete product and manufactured stone product, the dress Standby system has very for the important carrier of the products such as concrete product, artificial imitation stone product preparation with the rational gradation composition of material etc. Strong association, no matter its cementitious material is selected as cement base or non-cement-based product, and compactness is that product important technology refers to Target deciding factor.According to the conditions of mixture ratios of conventional building material material;It, can be by reasonable by product category demand Material proportion, this change system can optimize vibration and static pressure parameter simultaneously, by comparative test used by permanent, Carry out authentic and valid measured data comparison, correspond to actual measurement product result be superior to pure vibration type, pure static pressure type at Type product.By taking cement based artificial imitation stone product as an example: product green body passes through natural curing in 28 days, and water absorption rate is not more than 3%, by material and proportion, also include advanced optimizing for vibration and static pressure parameter, water absorption rate can be down to 1%.Before principle State bright mentioned, i.e., by vibration air exhaust, static pressure, which squeezes, melts mode, reaches or approaches the homogeneous of lithotome and fine and close requires.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Within mind and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (21)

1. a kind of masonry molding machine, which is characterized in that the masonry molding machine includes:
Cloth system, the cloth system at base material for will be filled into the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system;Vibration System, the vibrational system by horizontal vibration platform, generate vertical direction simple harmonic oscillation act in moulding box at base object The bottom of material makes to be formed reaching more fine and close material at base material and homogenizing for product, reduces into the gap inside base material And air;
Static-pressure system, the static-pressure system act perpendicularly in moulding box into the upper surface of base material, for squeeze in moulding box at Base material, reduce inside base material gap and air, obtain finer and close moulded products;Control system, the control System is used to set the forming technique parameter of masonry moulded products, for controlling vibrational system, static-pressure system, the work of cloth system Industry.
2. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the forming technique parameter of masonry moulded products Preset value and calibration value be according at the classification of base material, bulk density, man-machine interface of the compactness in the control system into It is arranged needed for capable each dynamical system driving function by operation procedure, guarantees effectively to implement product into the operation process of base, In, the material setting pre-value is higher than 3~5mm of height of finished product.
3. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that being adopted at base material filling in cloth system With the excess of stroke cloth mode moved horizontally, it is ensured that full at base material in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box.
4. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the technical parameter of the control system setting Include: into the mold filling cloth filling mode outranged, the filling number, pre- vibration frequency, amplitude that base material moves in the horizontal direction.
5. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cloth system includes bottom material cloth system System and fabric cloth system, the bottom material cloth system and fabric cloth system are separately positioned on vibrational system and static-pressure system Two sides.
6. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the bottom material cloth system includes bottom material storage Hopper (101), bottom material crane (102), bottom material cloth hopper (103), bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder (104), bottom material rack (105) and bottom material elevating mechanism (106), bottom material storage hopper (101) lower openings are corresponding with bottom material cloth hopper (103) feed inlet Setting, bottom material storage hopper (101) are fixed on the upper end two sides attachment beam of bottom material crane (102) frame body with bolt, are driven The dynamic motor reducer to open the door is bolted behind the upper end in bottom material crane (102) frame body on attachment beam;Bottom material liter It is spirally connected below drop frame (102) frame body lower end two sides attachment beam and adjusts the bottom material elevating mechanism (106) of height, bottom material elevating mechanism (106) lower end is fixedly connected on bottom material rack (105) with bolt, bottom material cloth hopper (103) drive cylinder (104) installation In bottom material crane (102) frame body rear on the attachment beam of lower end, the bottom material cloth hopper (103) and bottom material cloth hopper are driven Oil cylinder (104) is connected, and the bottom material cloth hopper (103) is arranged under the lower section bottom material crane (102) of bottom material storage hopper (101) On the platform for holding the support of two sides attachment beam.
7. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the bottom material storage hopper (101) is motor The bottom material material storing bucket of speed reducer driving folding sluice gate, when the bottom material crane (102) is adjusted to the height being adapted to moulding box After degree, it is fixed by bolts on bottom material rack (105).
8. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 7, which is characterized in that in bottom material cloth hopper drive cylinder (104) Under drive, bottom material cloth hopper (103) is moved forward and backward, and when needing cloth, cloth motor reducer revolves on bottom material cloth hopper (103) Turn to drive rotation cloth tooth rotary harrow material in case to be sent into material in the moulding box of vibrational system and static-pressure system.
9. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the cloth system is fabric cloth system System, the fabric cloth system includes fabric storage hopper (301), fabric crane (302), fabric cloth hopper (303), fabric cloth Hopper drive cylinder (304), fabric rack (305) and fabric elevating mechanism (306), the fabric storage hopper (301) are motor The fabric material storing bucket of speed reducer driving folding sluice gate, fabric storage hopper (301) lower openings and fabric cloth hopper (303) into Material mouth is corresponding, and fabric storage hopper (301) is fixed on the upper end two sides attachment beam of fabric crane (302) frame body with bolt On, drive the motor reducer of enabling to be bolted behind the upper end in fabric crane (302) frame body on attachment beam;Face It is spirally connected below material crane (302) frame body lower end two sides attachment beam and adjusts the fabric elevating mechanism (306) of height, fabric elevator Structure (306) lower end is fixedly connected on fabric rack (305) with bolt.
10. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 9, which is characterized in that when fabric crane (302) be adjusted to It after the height of moulding box adaptation, is fixed by bolts on fabric rack (305), fabric cloth hopper (303) setting is stored up in fabric On the platform of lower section fabric crane (302) the lower end two sides attachment beam support of hopper (301), the fabric cloth hopper driving oil Cylinder (304) is mounted in fabric crane (302) frame body rear on the attachment beam of lower end, the fabric cloth hopper (303) and face Expect that cloth hopper drive cylinder (304) are connected, under fabric cloth hopper drive cylinder (304) drive, before and after fabric cloth hopper (103) Movement will be sent into the moulding box of vibrating static-pressure system at base material.
11. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the static-pressure system includes top beam (201), guide post (202), pedestal (204), load bearing support platform (205), demoulding fulcrum bearing (207), rack (208), jacking activity Beam (209), master cylinder (210), service hoisting cylinder (211), displacement detector (212) and moulding box (213) and demoulding oil jar (214), rack (208) lower end of the bolt is fastened on pedestal (204), be equipped in rack (208) cloth track and Fluid pressure line.
12. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 11, which is characterized in that install and be cased on the guide post (202) Pressure head jacking walking beam (209) and installation with pressure head are cased with the demoulding fulcrum bearing (207) being connected with moulding box (213), described Master cylinder (210) and service hoisting cylinder (211), master cylinder (210) and service hoisting cylinder (211) lower end are installed on top beam (201) It is bolted pressure head jacking walking beam (209), pressure head jacks walking beam (209) in master cylinder (210) and service hoisting cylinder (211) It is moved up and down under effect;It is described be connected with moulding box (213) demoulding fulcrum bearing (207) demoulding oil jar (214) effect under along guide post (202) it moves up and down, the connection of demoulding oil jar (214) lower end of the bolt is mounted on pedestal (204), upper end connection demoulding fulcrum bearing (207) on;Load bearing support platform (205) are equipped on the pedestal (204), are nested with setting in the load bearing support platform (205) Have vibration device (206), wherein the guide post (202) is about four straight-through and install in parallel, the guide post (202) it is upper, Lower end passes through nut respectively and top beam (201) and pedestal (204) is locked, and forms the frame matrix of static-pressure system.
13. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the vibrational system includes vibration power Source (203), vibration device (206) pass through the durable rubber spring phase of multiple groups between the vibration device (206) and pedestal (204) Contact setting.
14. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 13, which is characterized in that the vibration device (206) passes through resistance to Long rubber spring and helical spring connection component are fixedly mounted on pedestal (204), and are nested in the load bearing support of static-pressure system In platform (205), the power intake of vibration device (206) is connected with the output shaft of vibration power source (203).
15. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 14, which is characterized in that the vibration device (206) is chip Servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system, the servo-controlled even number parallel axes vibrational system of chip and static pressure act Same station seamless interfacing.
16. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 15, which is characterized in that the servo-controlled even number of chip is flat The number of the vibration rotary shaft of row shaft vibration system is 2N+2, wherein N is natural number, and the arrangement form of the rotary shaft uses Plane or the parallel even number rotary shaft of spatial interaction.
17. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control system controls vibrational system The operating condition for including with the setting of the regime mode of static-pressure system has: first shake and press, presses afterwards in vibration, first pressing and shake afterwards or pulse is shaken and pressed.
18. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the master cylinder (210) is large-diameter Unidirectional principal pressure oil cylinder, the quantity of the service hoisting cylinder (211) are two, two service hoisting cylinders (211) it is uniformly distributed It jacks between walking beam (209) and top beam (201), pressure head, the moulding box (213) is bolted on the jacking walking beam (209) It is connect between demoulding fulcrum bearing (207) by elastomer.
19. a kind of masonry molding machine according to claim 11, which is characterized in that institute's displacement sensing device (212) is The sensor body of linear displacement transducer, detection jacking walking beam (209) displacement is fixed on top beam (201), straight-line displacement Movable end is fixed in jacking walking beam (209);The sensor body of detection demoulding fulcrum bearing (207) displacement is fixed on pedestal (204) on, straight-line displacement movable end is fixed in demoulding fulcrum bearing (207).
20. the application of any masonry molding machine in a kind of claim 1-19, which is characterized in that the application is to use Building materials material, building materials waste material manufacture normal concrete product or dry or wet prepare the one of which of artificial imitation stone.
21. a kind of molding method of masonry, which is characterized in that the step of molding method of masonry includes has:
A. when the control system starts cloth system, cloth system handle is filled into vibrational system and static-pressure system at base material Moulding box after, control system control vibrational system starting, reduce moulding box in inside base material gap and air;
B. when the masonry forming technique for reaching control system setting at base material inserted in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box When the preset value of parameter, control system starts vibrational system and static-pressure system simultaneously, and vibrational system and static-pressure system are simultaneously to mould Apply vibration and static pressure at base material in case, it is further reduce inside base material gap and air;
C. when the masonry forming technique for reaching control system setting at base material inserted in vibrational system and static-pressure system moulding box When the calibration value of parameter, control system control static-pressure system operation, static-pressure system squeeze moulding box at base material;
D. when reaching the molding height of masonry, the vibrational system and static-pressure system stop operation, finished product demoulding.
CN201910948611.1A 2019-04-29 2019-10-08 A kind of masonry molding machine and its application and the molding method of masonry Pending CN110497504A (en)

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CN111912717A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-10 广东科捷检测技术服务有限公司 Concrete crack resistance detection device and detection method

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