A kind of town road intelligent cleaning vehicle
The present invention relates to cleaning equipment, in particular to a kind of town road intelligent cleaning vehicle.
In order to build comfortable fine urban life, municipal corporation can provide municipal administration beautification service for numerous citizen, small to arrive
Including work such as urban afforestation, road-cleaning, refuse collections, greatly to engineerings such as project transformation, road constructions.
Currently, the Chinese invention patent that application publication number is CN105780695A discloses and a kind of height-adjustable sweeps disk
And the road sweeper with self-unloading function, including music reminding lamp and sweeper compartment, the music reminding lamp be mounted on
The top of road sweeper headstock, the inside of the road sweeper headstock are equipped with intelligent operation plate, set on the intelligent operation plate
There are starting knob and operation panel, the road sweeper headstock to be mounted on the top of sweeper wheel, the sweeper wheel
It is mounted on and cleans in underbody seat, the lower section for cleaning underbody seat is equipped with rotation sweep brush, and the sweeper compartment is mounted on clearly
The top of underbody seat is swept, the inside in the sweeper compartment is equipped with blower, and the top of the blower is equipped with air inlet, described
The right side of blower is equipped with fan outlet, and the blower is connect by belt with hydraulic motor.
Sweeper as described above, the dust for rotating sweep brush road pavement when in use is cleaned, and Strongh vacuum cleaner
The dust that sweep brush raises will then be rotated to absorb, garbage energy of this sweeper for lighter weights such as polybag or paper
Enough drawn, but rubbish biggish for quality such as beverage bottles, the Strongh vacuum cleaner of this sweeper are just difficult to inhale, from
And cause the cleaning effect of road pavement poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of town road intelligent cleaning vehicle, can the rubbish to bulk on road carry out it is clear
Reason cleans effect to achieve the purpose that improve.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that a kind of town road intelligent cleaning
Vehicle, including the cleaning brush that car body, two groups are installed on Vehicular body front and rotation axis and are arranged along the vertical direction, cleaning brush described in two groups
Clean direction towards in front of the car body and direction of rotation of two groups of cleaning brushes in oppositely arranged, be additionally provided with rubbish on the car body
Sweep and take device, the rubbish sweep take device include be rotatablely installed the horizontal brush roll in vehicle bottom, be set to body bottom and with
Gettering mechanism that the intracorporal suction unit of vehicle is connected, the overturning lid being articulated on the air inlet of gettering mechanism, the horizontal brush
The length of roller is greater than the distance between two adjacent groups cleaning brush and between gettering mechanism and cleaning brush, and the overturning lid passes through
Turnover mechanism is rotatablely installed in gettering mechanism.
By using above scheme, when cleaning road surface, needs to overturn lid and put down, keep it close with ground as far as possible, this
When flip lid serve as the effect of dustpan, the oppositely arranged cleaning brush in subsequent two groups of direction of rotation clean Chinese herbaceous peony into during can
Gradually the rubbish on road surface is concentrated, then horizontal brush roll, which again provokes these rubbish, sweeps to overturning and cover, and overturning lid is again
Upward folding, only reserves small gap, then restarts the intracorporal suction unit of vehicle, under normal circumstances, suction unit power not
In the case where change, the bore of air inlet is smaller, then its suction force is also bigger, is also easier in this way by the bulks rubbish such as bottle
Rubbish sucks in the intracorporal rubbish collection raising middle flask of vehicle；And when road surface only has fugitive dust, allow overturning lid to be kept open, such energy
The dust for enough allowing suction unit preferably cleaning brush to raise is absorbed, to achieve the purpose that improving cleaning vehicle cleans effect.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the bristle ends of the horizontal brush roll are formed with barb, and the barb makes
The bristle of horizontal brush roll is L-shape.
By using above scheme, after barb is set on the bristle of horizontal brush roll, it can be made to sweep to rubbish
When taking, rubbish can be provoked by barb, such rubbish, which is also easier to enter overturning, to be covered, so that horizontal brush
Roller can preferably road pavement be cleaned.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the turnover mechanism includes the tumble cylinder that cylinder body is articulated in gettering mechanism,
The piston rod of the tumble cylinder is articulated on the free end of overturning lid.
By using above scheme, cylinder has many advantages, such as that load is big, is swift in motion, and can quickly open overturning lid
It closes and adjusts, while air cylinder structure is simple, maintenance, replacement are all more convenient, so also facilitate the maintenance of equipment.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the overturning lid includes the main cover plate being connected with gettering mechanism, stretching is set to
Expansion plate on main cover plate, the two sides backfin of the main cover plate are formed with alice, and straight-line groove is offered on the alice, described to stretch
The two sides of contracting plate are respectively fixed with guide post, and the guide post is arranged in respectively in the straight-line groove of main cover plate two sides alice, and
The telescopic component for driving telescoping visor movement is provided on main cover plate.
By using above scheme, main cover plate with gettering mechanism for being connected, and expansion plate is then used to increase entire overturning
The length of lid can make overturning lid closer to horizontal brush roll in this way when sweeping the bulks rubbish such as bottle for taking the street, horizontal in this way
It is easier rubbish is swept into overturning to cover if the distance between brush roll and overturning lid are closer, it is further increased to reach
Clean the purpose of effect.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the telescopic component includes the flexible electricity being fixed on the alice side wall of main cover plate
Machine is opened in connection screw thread hole of the guide post on straight-line groove one end, offers outer spiral shell on the output shaft of the telescope motor
Line, and the length direction of straight-line groove is parallel and it is threadedly engaged with guide post formation for the output shaft of telescope motor.
By using above scheme, since the output shaft of telescope motor and the length direction of straight-line groove are parallel, and its with
Guide post formation on expansion plate is threadedly engaged, therefore during telescope motor rotation, can be driven and be stretched by output shaft
The movement of contracting plate, and then it is flexible to generate expansion plate on main cover plate.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the gettering mechanism includes being installed on vehicle bottom and filling with the intracorporal suction of vehicle
The steering head setting the delivery pipe being connected, being articulated in delivery pipe passes through corrugated flexible hose phase between the delivery pipe and steering head
Even, and in delivery pipe it is provided with the angle adjusting mechanism for driving steering head to rotate.
Sometimes through using the above scheme, steering head can under the driving of angle adjusting mechanism carry out up and down adjustment, when
When steering head adjusts downwards, the distance between ground can reduce, and when steering head is adjusted up, between ground
Distance will increase, and steering head folding can be got up when deactivated in this way, collide with to prevent steering head and the rubble generation on ground,
During up and down adjustment, the distance between horizontal brush roll can also change steering head, can also increase so simultaneously
Adjustable range between big overturning lid and horizontal brush roll.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the angle adjusting mechanism includes the fixation tooth being fixed on delivery pipe side wall
Wheel is rotatablely installed in the pitch of the laps gear on steering head side wall, and the fixed gear is meshed with pitch of the laps gear, and in fixed gear
The driving assembly for driving pitch of the laps gear to surround fixed gear rotation is provided between pitch of the laps gear.
By using above scheme, due to pitch of the laps gear and fixed gear intermeshing, and fixed gear is to fix not
Dynamic, therefore pitch of the laps gear can move in a circle, the movement of pitch of the laps gear again can band during rotation around fixed gear
Turn is rotated to head circumference around fixed gear, and then achievees the purpose that adjust steering head direction.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the driving component includes housing hinge in the driving electricity of fixed gear centre
Machine is fixed on the worm screw in driving motor output shaft, is fixed on the worm gear concentric on pitch of the laps gear and with pitch of the laps gear, described
Worm and wheel intermeshing, and it is provided on worm gear the anti-drop assembly for limiting worm gear and worm screw is disengaged from.
By using above scheme, shield is disengaged from for limiting worm and worm wheel, while worm gear is in driving motor
Drive under generate rotation when, worm gear can be driven to rotate, and worm gear rotation while further through pitch of the laps gear band move steering head
Rotation is generated, while this drive mechanism by worm gear mechanism rotating disk mechanism is also equipped with self-locking performance, even have outer masterpiece
For steering head, but as long as worm screw does not rotate, steering head can not just be rotated, so that steering head being capable of the preferably side of progress
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the anti-drop assembly includes that one end is articulated with the anti-drop rod at worm gear center, rotation
The anticreep column being installed on anti-drop rod free end is offered for engaging with what worm screw matched on the side wall of the anticreep column
Tooth, is formed with the engagement space for passing through for worm screw between the anticreep column and worm screw, and worm screw simultaneously with worm gear and anti-
De- column forms engagement.
By using above scheme, since worm screw is clamped by worm gear and anticreep column, worm screw can not just occur with worm gear
It is detached from, so that driving motor can carry out direction adjustment to steering head when starting.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: offer arc length on the pitch of the laps gear and surround the arc groove that worm gear extends, institute
The rotation axis for stating anticreep column is embedded in arc groove, and shield, the side wall of the protective layer are further fixed on the pitch of the laps gear
On offer for for the movable movable mouth of worm screw.
By using above scheme, in setting arc groove, and make the rotation axis of anticreep column after arc groove, anti-drop rod and
The inner wall of arc groove can the rotation axis both ends to anticreep column be formed simultaneously blocking, the positioning to anticreep column can be reinforced in this way,
So that the rotation axis of anticreep column is not easy to generate skew because unilateral stress is excessive.
In conclusion the invention has the following advantages:
It is covered 1. this cleaning vehicle can choose the bulk rubbish on ground into overturning, sucks gettering machine after accepting via overturning lid
In structure, compares for common cleaning vehicle, had the function of provoking rubbish and accept rubbish, it can be preferably to the rubbish in the street
Rubbish is cleared up, and cleans effect to achieve the purpose that improve；
2. telescopic overturning lid can be adjusted according to the size of rubbish and surface conditions its between horizontal brush roll away from
From, preferably rubbish is accepted to overturn lid, so that
3. the steering head that can be turned to can carry out direction adjusting according to service condition, gettering mechanism is on the one hand enable to make convenient pair
Sundries on road surface is drawn, and on the other hand the distance between steering head and ground can be also adjusted, so that gettering machine
Structure has better using effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention；
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view being located at A in Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view being located at B in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, car body；2, cleaning brush；3, rubbish, which is swept, takes device；31, horizontal brush roll；311, bristle；312, barb；32,
Gettering mechanism；321, delivery pipe；322, steering head；33, overturning lid；331, main cover plate；332, expansion plate；4, angular adjustment machine
Structure；41, fixed gear；42, pitch of the laps gear；43, driving assembly；431, driving motor；432, worm screw；433, worm gear；5, alice；
51, straight-line groove；52, guide post；6, telescopic component；61, telescope motor；62, connection screw thread hole；7, anti-drop assembly；71, anticreep
Bar；72, anticreep column；721, engaging tooth；73, arc groove；74, shield；741, movable mouth；8, space is engaged.
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of town road intelligent cleaning vehicle, including car body 1, cleaning brush 2, rubbish are swept and take device 3, car body
1 is identical as ordinary road cleaning vehicle, general to clean the device that all have spray water on vehicle, and the suction for draw dust fills
It sets；There are two the settings of cleaning brush 2, passes through crane rotational installation and 1 front of car body, when cleaning brush 2 is put down, pivot center
It is distributed along the vertical direction, two cleaning brushes 2 are on startup by rubbish toward sweeping in front of car body 1, and the rotation side of two cleaning brushes 2
To on the contrary, rubbish can be concentrated between two cleaning brushes 2 in this way when cleaning brush 2 starts.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, it includes horizontal brush roll 31, gettering mechanism 32, overturning lid 33, horizontal brush that rubbish, which is swept and takes device 3,
Roller 31 is rotatablely installed in 1 bottom of car body, and pivot center is parallel to horizontal direction, and the length of horizontal brush roll 31 is greater than two clearly
The distance between clean brush；Numerous bristles 311 are distributed on horizontal brush roll 31, the end of every bristle 311 is integrally provided with down
Hook 312, barb 312 keep these bristles 311 L-shape.
Gettering mechanism 32 includes delivery pipe 321, steering head 322, and delivery pipe 321 is installed on car body 1, one end opening position
In 1 bottom of car body, the other end is connected with the suction unit in car body 1, and horizontal brush roll 31 is located at delivery pipe 321 and cleans
Between brush 2；Steering head 322 is articulated with delivery pipe 321 and is located on one end of 1 bottom of car body, passes through wave between delivery pipe 321
Line hose is docked, so as to be not in gas leak phenomenon in 322 adjustment direction of steering head, and steering head 322 passes through angle
Regulating mechanism 4 carries out angular adjustment.
Angle adjusting mechanism 4 includes fixed gear 41, pitch of the laps gear 42, driving assembly 43, and fixed gear 41 is fixed on defeated
On the side wall for sending pipe 321；The rotational installation of pitch of the laps gear 42 is on the side wall of steering head 322, and pitch of the laps gear 42 and fixed gear
41 are meshed.
Driving assembly 43 includes driving motor 431, worm screw 432, worm gear 433, and the cylinder body of driving motor 431 is articulated with fixation
The center of gear 41；Worm screw 432 is integrally machined on the output shaft for being formed in driving motor 431；Worm gear 433 is fixed on pitch of the laps gear
It is intermeshed on 42 and with 42 concentric of pitch of the laps gear, worm screw 432 and worm gear 433, and setting is used to limit two on worm gear 433
The anti-drop assembly 7 that person is disengaged from.
Anti-drop assembly 7 includes anti-drop rod 71, anticreep column 72, arc groove 73, shield 74, and one end of anti-drop rod 71 is articulated with
The center of worm gear 433, the other end are free to rotate；The rotational installation of anticreep column 72 is on the free end of anti-drop rod 71, and in anticreep
Engaging tooth 721 is offered on the circumferential side wall of column 72, is formed between anticreep column 72 and worm gear 433 at this time for for worm screw 432
The engagement space 8 passed through, when worm screw 432 is arranged in engagement space 8, worm gear 433 is nibbled with worm gear 433,72 phase of anticreep column simultaneously
It closes；Arc groove 73 is opened on pitch of the laps gear 42, and its arc length extends around worm gear 433, and the rotation axis of anticreep column 72 is far from anti-
One end of de- bar 71 is embedded in arc groove 73；Shield 74 is screwed on pitch of the laps gear 42, and in shield 74
Side wall on offer for for the movable movable mouth 741 of worm screw 432.
Overturning lid 33 includes main cover plate 331 and expansion plate 332, and main cover plate 331 is articulated on the air inlet of steering head 322,
And overturning adjusting is carried out by turnover mechanism.Turnover mechanism includes driving cylinder, and the cylinder body of cylinder is driven to be articulated with steering head 322
On, and the piston rod of cylinder is driven to be articulated on main cover plate 331, the piston rod of cylinder energy during flexible is driven in this way
Enough main cover plate 331 is driven to generate overturning.
In the two sides of main cover plate 331 by being bent to form alice 5, when main cover plate 331 is upwards collected through, two alices 5
It is buckled on the air inlet of steering head 322.The straight line that length direction is parallel to 331 plate face of main cover plate is offered on each alice 5
Slot 51, the two sides of expansion plate 332 are respectively fixed with guide post 52, and the guide post 52 on expansion plate 332 is arranged in two respectively
In straight-line groove 51.
The telescopic component 6 for driving expansion plate 332 to generate stretching motion, telescopic component 6 are provided on main cover plate 331
Including telescope motor 61, connection screw thread hole 62, telescope motor 61 is micro-machine, and shell is fixed on the side wall of main cover plate 331
On, and external screw thread is offered on its output shaft；Connection screw thread hole 62 is opened in guide post 52 on one end of straight-line groove 51, and
It is formed and is threadedly engaged between the output shaft and guide post 52 of telescope motor 61, in this way when telescope motor 61 starts, output shaft
Expansion plate 332 can be pushed to generate stretching motion by guide post 52 during rotation.
Specific implementation process: in use, car body 1 advances, two cleaning brushes 2 can be by the rubbish on road surface in advancement
Rubbish focuses between the two, when then horizontal brush roll 31 is contacted with rubbish in the course of rotation, first rubbish is pushed down and then is rolled
Rubbish can be provoked by crossing after rubbish, be introduced into rubbish on expansion plate 332, and expansion plate 332 is to retraction, and in tumble cylinder
It is close towards steering head 322 under drive, rubbish is sucked in car body 1 by the suction unit in car body 1 again later, is realized to big part
The cleaning works of rubbish solves the problems, such as that common sweeper can not clear up Bulky Waste, to reach the mesh for improving and cleaning effect
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art
Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this
All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.