CN110436980A - A kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and fertilizing method - Google Patents

A kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and fertilizing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110436980A
CN110436980A CN201910693250.0A CN201910693250A CN110436980A CN 110436980 A CN110436980 A CN 110436980A CN 201910693250 A CN201910693250 A CN 201910693250A CN 110436980 A CN110436980 A CN 110436980A
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fertilizer
fruit
queensland nut
set meal
queensland
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CN110436980B (en
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申建波
赵鑫
董倩倩
张福锁
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and fertilizing method, compound fertilizer includes that weight ratio is (18-21.5): (3.6-4.3): N, the P of (15-17.2)2O5And K2O component, and N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O is 36.6-43%, and set meal fertilizer includes fertilizer after the Hua Qianfei for being compound fertilizer, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer and Accumulation fertilizer and the fruit being made of compound fertilizer, organic fertilizer and micro- fertilizer, and micro- fertilizer includes borax, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and white vitriol;Method of application is that dressing furrow is dug along tree crown drip, uniformly earthing and is watered after application.Compound fertilizer of the invention can satisfy Queensland nut growth and development nutrient demand, avoid the wasting of resources and environmental risk;The set meal fertilizer and fertilization mode can play the potentiality that root system efficiently utilizes nutrient, effectively improve utilization rate of fertilizer;It can be conducive to healthy tree body to build up and sustainable Orchard Construction.

Description

A kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and fertilizing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to novel agricultural technical field of fertilizers, be related to a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and Fertilizing method.
Background technique
It is hard to belong to Dicotyledoneae Proteaceae Australia for Queensland nut also known as macadamia nut, Australia English walnut and macadamia Fruit category is a kind of aiphyllium fruit tree for originating in the Queensland ,Australia southeast Yu New South Wales northeast.Australia is hard The kernel of fruit is full of nutrition, and fat content is up to 78% or more, is the raw material of various advanced dessert and cosmetics, in international market Pole is favored, and economic value is higher, there is the laudatory title of " dry fruit queen ".
The planting range of Queensland nut is gradually promoted in recent years, is predominantly located at 34 ° of north latitude (California, USA) and south latitude at present Between 30 ° (South Africa), there are plantation in a countries and regions about more than 20 in the world.China starts Introduction And Trial the 1970s Queensland nut, saving (area) in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Hainan, Fujian, Sichuan and Guizhou etc. at present has plantation, wherein Yunnan The cultivated area of province accounts for the 94% of national cultivated area, and position is the first in the nation.Statistics, Australia, China in 2015 are done according to Ministry of Agriculture South Asia Continent nut cultivated area reaches 12.78 ten thousand hectares, accounts for the 57.5% of the total cultivated area in the world, occupies the first in the world.
By taking Yunnan Province as an example, most of orchard of having gone into operation lacks scientific and reasonable planning, and intensive management degree is low, special It is not the technological guidance for lacking science in terms of water and fertilizer management and pruning, the yield of Queensland nut is generally relatively low.Australia is hard Fruit orchard worker lacks the management of science, and general 43% people applies fertilizer twice every year, and using the fertilization mode spread fertilizer over the fields, can be greatly reduced The utilization efficiency of fertilizer.Orchard worker be also to the selection of fertilizer type it is varied, mostly use N:P greatly2O5: K2O is 15:15:15 Compound fertilizer, and dose be much higher than fruit tree demand, cause the great wasting of resources.At the same time, Queensland nut has Special root system -- row's root, row's root are low-phosphorous induced synthesis, are formed by the lateral root of a large amount of determinate growths as hairbrush Root cluster can secrete the insoluble phosphorus in the efficient activating rhizosphere soil of a large amount of citric acids, improve absorption of the plant to soil phosphor resource Utilization efficiency.Peasant applies excessive fertilizer, and especially phosphate fertilizer, the row's root growth that will cause Queensland nut fruit tree is suppressed, The performance for inhibiting fruit tree own biological potentiality, reduces its absorption to soil nutrient.
Therefore, China must improve the yield and quality of Queensland nut, reduce production cost, could be in international Queensland nut It gets the mastery in inter-industry competition.Can Queensland nut obtain high yield and be heavily dependent on its trophic level.Prosperity state at present The family such as U.S., Australia determine dose with the age of tree, are then carried out by Foliar nutrient diagnosis to fertilizer applications continuous complete It is kind, create more reasonable Queensland nut fertilizing management scheme.And China is still in one for the fertilizing management of Queensland nut The exploratory stage of a primary, for Queensland nut rational application of fertilizer period, fertilising quantity, various nutrient applicating ratios, apply It is shallower with the understanding such as mode, it manages not scientific.Unreasonable nutrient management and investment is one for causing Queensland nut low output Major reason, China's Queensland nut at this stage nutrient management there are aiming at the problem that, propose be suitble to China's Queensland nut plantation Fertilizing management scheme is particularly significant.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer and its set meal fertilizer and fertilisings Method.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
One aspect of the present invention provides a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer, specifically includes N component, P2O5Component and K2O group Point, wherein the N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is (18-21.5): (3.6-4.3): (15-17.2), and described N, P2O5And K2O Total nutrient content be 36.6-43%.
By nutrient balance principle, the amount of application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium is equal to every plant of Queensland nut fruit tree and takes away amount of nutrients every year (year growth+fruit amount of taking away), according to target yield is 35kg/ plants of calculating, and every plant of Queensland nut fruit tree about needs investment N every year 241g, P2O556g, K2O 269g.But due to soils in south china slant acidity, it is easy to appear the shortage of magnesium elements, potassium element and magnesium member There are antagonisms for element, therefore suitably turn down potassium element input amount, are conducive to absorption of the Queensland nut fruit tree for magnesium elements;This Outside, since Queensland nut is row root crop, itself has powerful soil phophorus mining ability, and phosphate fertilizer is excessive, can be to fruit tree Growth adversely affects, thus in Queensland nut special complex fertilizer phosphorus content compared with other fertilizer compared to significant lower.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, in the Queensland nut special complex fertilizer, the N:P2O5: K2The weight of O Ratio is measured as 20:4:16, and described N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O is 40%.
Specifically, the N component by one of ammonium sulfate, urea and Diammonium phosphate (DAP) or a variety of does raw material.
Specifically, the P2O5Component does raw material by calcium magnesium phosphate and/or Diammonium phosphate (DAP).
Specifically, the K2O component does raw material by potassium nitrate and/or potassium chloride.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, including Queensland nut is applied in different growing stages Fertilizer after Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit, the Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer and Accumulation fertilizer are Queensland nut special complex fertilizer described in claim 1, fertilizer includes organic fertilizer, micro- fertilizer and described in claim 1 after the fruit Queensland nut special complex fertilizer, N, P in the organic fertilizer2O5And K2The nutrient content of O is respectively 0.18-0.23%, 0.018- 0.030% and 0.31-0.37%, micro- fertilizer are (0.8-1.1): (8.5-12.4): (3.6-4.2): (1.9- by mass ratio 2.15) borax, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and white vitriol composition.
Since the soil slant acidity in Queensland nut plant area is easy to appear the shortage of middle microelement, especially magnesium elements Shortage, therefore, it is micro- fertilizer in supplement fertiliser containing magnesium;In addition, boron element is conducive to improve the percentage of fertile fruit of Queensland nut, iron and zinc are all Microelement necessary to Queensland nut growth and development of fruit tree.
Specifically, by taking Yunnan Province as an example, the anniversary of Queensland nut is grown to, and March blooms, 4-5 month fruit expanding period, June fruit rapid growth, the 7-8 month be oil accumulated phase, September part fruit maturation.According to the main growth period of Queensland nut, Before 2 months bloomed, Hua Qianfei is applied, is guaranteed needed for the nutrient that fruit tree normally blooms;Post flowering Queensland nut starts to bear fruit, greatly General 4-5 month Fruit, application fruit retention shape fruit fertilizer, it is ensured that the fruit after bearing fruit is grown up healthy and sound;7-8 month fruit carries out When oil is accumulated, nutrient is supplied, suitably to guarantee fruit oil Rapid Accumulation;It is fertile after the fruit applied after fruit picking, it acts predominantly on In supplement fruit tree as receiving nutrient loss caused by fruit, the crop of organic fertilizer is that fertilizer is slow, but can improve soil, is promoted The healthier growth of fruit tree yields positive results for coming year fruit tree and establishes foundation.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, after the fruit in fertilizer, the organic fertilizer, micro- fertilizer and Queensland nut are dedicated multiple The mass ratio in Hefei is (180-215): (16.5-18.2): (17-18.8).
Further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the organic fertilizer is formed to crush stack retting by Queensland nut pericarp, and institute State N, P in organic fertilizer2O5And K2The nutrient content of O is respectively 0.212%, 0.025% and 0.337%.
Still further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, in micro- fertilizer, borax, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and seven water sulfuric acid The mass ratio of zinc is 1:10:4:2.
Further aspect of the present invention provides a kind of fertilizing method of dedicated set meal fertilizer of above-mentioned Queensland nut, including, to described Queensland nut temporally successively applies fertilizer after the Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit.
The fertilizing method of the above-mentioned dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, specifically includes the following steps:
(2 month) applies primary Hua Qianfei before Queensland nut is bloomed, and every plant of macadamia applies 250-280g;
A fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, and every plant of macadamia are applied in Queensland nut fruit expanding period (by the end of April or at the beginning of 5 months) Apply 420-450g;
An Accumulation fertilizer, and every plant of macadamia application are applied in Queensland nut oil accumulation phase (July) 250-280g;
It is fertile after one inferior fruit of application (by the end of September or at the beginning of 10 months) after the completion of Queensland nut receives fruit, and every plant of macadamia is applied With Queensland nut special complex fertilizer 420-450g, organic fertilizer 4800-5200g and micro- fertilizer 400-430g.
Further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the mode of the application is to excavate dressing furrow along tree crown drip, After even application, earthing simultaneously waters.
Still further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the section of the dressing furrow is annular or semi-circular.
Still further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the depth of the dressing furrow is 15-20cm.
Still further, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the amount of the watering is 15-20kg/ plants.
Specifically, in the above-mentioned technical solutions, the dedicated set meal fertilizer of the Queensland nut is suitble to be applied to and Yunnan Province and phase Like the operation macadamia in ecoclimate area.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantage that
(1) Queensland nut special complex fertilizer provided by the present invention obtains growth and development of the nutrient formula according to Queensland nut Study On The Nutrient Absorption Characters carry out scientific and reasonable design, can satisfy Queensland nut growth and development nutrient demand;
(2) Queensland nut special complex fertilizer amount of application provided by the present invention is carried out according to the demand of Queensland nut Design avoids current China's Queensland nut plantation peasant household excessively the application fertilizer bring wasting of resources and environmental risk;
(3) the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut provided by the present invention and its corresponding fertilization mode, can play root system height Effect utilizes the potentiality of nutrient, effectively improves the utilization rate of fertilizer;
(4) micro- fertilizer in the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut provided by the present invention is supplemented with needed for Queensland nut growth and development The a variety of middle microelements wanted can alleviate a large amount of Queensland nut orchards occur at present middle Trace Element Deficiency Symptoms and murder by poisoning Symptom is conducive to healthy tree body and builds up and sustainable Orchard Construction.
Specific embodiment
Combined with specific embodiments below, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Following embodiment is merely to illustrate the present invention, the protection scope being not intended to limit the invention.
Experimental method used in following embodiment is conventional method unless otherwise specified.
Raw material used in following embodiment, reagent etc., are commercially available unless otherwise specified.
Embodiment 1
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizers, specifically include N component, P2O5Component and K2O group Point, wherein N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is 20:4:16, and described N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O is 40%.
Specifically, the N component does raw material by ammonium sulfate, urea or Diammonium phosphate (DAP).
Specifically, the P2O5Component does raw material by calcium magnesium phosphate or Diammonium phosphate (DAP).
Specifically, the K2O component does raw material by potassium nitrate or potassium chloride.
Embodiment 2
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizers, specifically include N component, P2O5Component and K2O group Point, wherein N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is 21.2:3.75:16.8, and described N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O is 38.5%.
Specifically, the N component, P2O5Component and K2The specific raw material of O component is similar with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, are specifically included in the flower of different growing stages application Fertilizer after preceding fertilizer, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit, wherein Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer and Accumulation fertilizer are embodiment Queensland nut special complex fertilizer provided by 1, fertilizer includes organic fertilizer after fruit, Queensland nut is special provided by micro- fertilizer and embodiment 1 With compound fertilizer, the organic fertilizer is to crush stack retting by Queensland nut pericarp to be formed, and nutrient content is N 0.212%, P2O5 0.025%, K2O 0.337%, borax, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and the seven water sulphur that micro- fertilizer is 1:10:4:2 by mass ratio Sour zinc composition.
Further, after above-mentioned fruit in fertilizer, the mass ratio of the organic fertilizer, micro- fertilizer and Queensland nut special complex fertilizer is 5000:425:450.
Specifically, the fertilizing method of the dedicated set meal fertilizer of the Queensland nut, including, the Queensland nut is temporally successively applied With fertilizer after the Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit.
In detail, the fertilizing method of the dedicated set meal fertilizer of above-mentioned Queensland nut, specifically includes the following steps:
(2 month) applies primary Hua Qianfei before Queensland nut is bloomed, and every plant of macadamia applies 250g;
A fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, and every plant of macadamia are applied in Queensland nut fruit expanding period (by the end of April or at the beginning of 5 months) Apply 450g;
An Accumulation fertilizer, and every plant of macadamia application are applied in Queensland nut oil accumulation phase (July) 250g;
Fertile after an inferior fruit (by the end of September or at the beginning of 10 months) are applied after the completion of Queensland nut receives fruit, and every plant of macadamia is applied With 5875g, including Queensland nut special complex fertilizer 450g, organic fertilizer 5000g and micro- fertilizer 425g.
Specifically, method of application is to excavate applying for the deep 15cm that section is annular along macadamia tree crown drip Fertile ditch, uniformly after application, earthing simultaneously waters 15-20kg/ plants.
Embodiment 4
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, concrete composition, fertilizing method and application sides Method is similar to Example 3, and difference is only that, Queensland nut special complex fertilizer used is Australia provided by embodiment 2 Nut special complex fertilizer.
Comparative example 1
Comparative example 1 of the present invention provides a kind of habitual conventional fertilizer application mode of Queensland nut, specifically, in application fertilizer N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is 15:15:15, is applied fertilizer 3 times in year, is applying fertilizer at the beginning of 2 months, 5 months with September part, is applying fertilizer respectively every time 1.8kg/ strain;Its method of application is uniformly to spread fertilizer over the fields under Queensland nut fruit tree.
Comparative example 2
Comparative example 2 of the present invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, concrete composition, fertilizing method and application side Method is similar to Example 3, and difference is only that, Queensland nut special complex fertilizer used is N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is 15:15:15, and the amount of application of the fertilizer is same as Example 3.
Comparative example 3
Comparative example 3 of the present invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, concrete composition, fertilizing method and application side Method is similar to Example 3, and difference is only that, fertilizer only applies compound fertilizer after fruit, and amount of application is same as Example 3, Hua Qian The quality of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer is same as Example 3 in fertilizer after fertilizer, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit.
Comparative example 4
Comparative example 4 of the present invention provides a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, concrete composition and fertilizing method and implementation Example 3 is similar, and difference is only that, method of application is uniformly to spread fertilizer over the fields in Queensland nut garden.
Compliance test result test
Queensland nut fertilizer efficiency verification test is scheduled in the township Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan Province Jing Ha within continuous 2 years -2018 years 2017.Examination It tests as randomized block experiment, 6 groups is set altogether, each group selection age of tree is consistent, substantially similar 15 fruit trees of growing way, wherein A Group and B component do not correspond to embodiment 3 and embodiment 4, and C group, D group, E group and F group respectively correspond and comparative example 1-4.
As a result with analysis
1, the influence of Queensland nut fruit yield
As shown in table 1 below, available by comparing 2 years field yield data, the First Year of arrangement is tested, is used The output of the fruit tree and the every other fertilization mode including traditional fertilization that the mode of the application applies Queensland nut special fertilizer It compares, average every fruit tree has only increased production nearly 1kg, and there is no the differences of conspicuousness;And second year, using the side of the application The yield of output of the fruit tree fertilization mode more every other than other of formula application Queensland nut special fertilizer increases considerably, amplification About 38.6%;The result shows that application Queensland nut special fertilizer of the present invention, can effectively facilitate the volume increase of Queensland nut fruit tree.
Influence of 1 different disposal of table to Queensland nut fruit yield
2, the influence of Queensland nut fruit growth
In order to further probe into its influence to Queensland nut fruit, the fruit simple grain that each group handles 2 years is had detected respectively Weight, fruit transverse diameter and fruit indulge diameter.
Concrete outcome is as shown in table 2 below.
Influence of 2 different disposal of table to Queensland nut fruit growth
By comparing discovery, each processing group fruit Single seed weight in 2017, fruit partial size, fruit indulge diameter without obvious poor It is different;And second year, the fruit Single seed weight of Queensland nut special fertilizer is applied by the way of the application than other every other fertilisings The fruit Single seed weight of mode increases considerably, and compared with traditional fertilization mode (comparative example 1), Single seed weight increases 39%, Fruit indulges diameter and increases 4%.The partial size of fruit increases to be increased with Single seed weight, all shows that the head of fruit increases, on the market, compared with Big fruit is generally more more favourable than small fruit.
From the analysis above, we can see that application Queensland nut special fertilizer of the present invention, and the serial fertilizer practice recommended using the present invention, The yield that fruit tree can effectively be improved tests the second year of arrangement, and compared with traditional fertilization, single plant fruit tree is produced for present invention processing Amount increases 38.6% or more, and Single seed weight increases 39% or more, and fruit indulges diameter and increases 4% or more;Show Australia of the present invention Nut special fertilizer can effectively facilitate the volume increase of Queensland nut fruit tree, and increase the size of fruit.
Finally, being not intended to limit the scope of the present invention the above is only preferred embodiment of the invention.It is all this Within the spirit and principle of invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in protection model of the invention Within enclosing.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Queensland nut special complex fertilizer, which is characterized in that including N component, P2O5Component and K2O component, wherein described N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O is (18-21.5): (3.6-4.3): (15-17.2), and described N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O For 36.6-43%.
2. Queensland nut special complex fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the N:P2O5: K2The weight ratio of O For 20:4:16, and described N, P2O5And K2The total nutrient content of O is 40%, and the N component is by ammonium sulfate, urea and Diammonium phosphate (DAP) One of or a variety of be raw material, the P2O5Component is raw material, the K by calcium magnesium phosphate and/or Diammonium phosphate (DAP)2O component is by nitre Sour potassium and/or potassium chloride do raw material.
3. a kind of dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut, which is characterized in that the Hua Qianfei that is applied including Queensland nut in different growing stages, Fertilizer after fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit, the Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer and Accumulation fertilizer are claim 1 institute The Queensland nut special complex fertilizer stated, fertilizer includes that organic fertilizer, micro- fertilizer and Queensland nut described in claim 1 are dedicated after the fruit Compound fertilizer, N, P in the organic fertilizer2O5And K2The nutrient content of O is respectively 0.18-0.23%, 0.018-0.030% and 0.31- 0.37%, micro- fertilizer is (0.8-1.1): (8.5-12.4): (3.6-4.2): borax, the sulfuric acid of (1.9-2.15) by mass ratio Ferrous, magnesium sulfate and white vitriol composition.
4. the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut according to claim 3, which is characterized in that described organic after the fruit in fertilizer The mass ratio of fertile, micro- fertilizer and Queensland nut special complex fertilizer is (180-215): (16.5-18.2): (17-18.8).
5. the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut according to claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the organic fertilizer is by Australia Nut pericarp crushes stack retting and is formed, and N, P in the organic fertilizer2O5And K2The nutrient content of O is respectively 0.212%, 0.025% With 0.337%.
6. according to the dedicated set meal fertilizer of the described in any item Queensland nuts of claim 3-5, which is characterized in that in micro- fertilizer, boron Sand, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and white vitriol mass ratio be 1:10:4:2.
7. a kind of fertilizing method of the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that hard to described Australia Fruit temporally successively applies fertilizer after the Hua Qianfei, fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer, Accumulation fertilizer and fruit, specifically includes the following steps:
Primary Hua Qianfei is applied before Queensland nut is bloomed, and every plant of macadamia applies 250-280g;
A fruit retention fruit-promoting fertilizer is applied in Queensland nut fruit expanding period, and every plant of macadamia applies 420-450g;
An Accumulation fertilizer is applied in the Queensland nut oil accumulation phase, and every plant of macadamia applies 250-280g;
Fertilizer after an inferior fruit is applied after the completion of Queensland nut receives fruit, and every plant of macadamia applies Queensland nut special complex fertilizer 420-450g, organic fertilizer 4800-5200g and micro- fertilizer 400-430g.
8. fertilizing method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the mode of the application is to open along tree crown drip Dressing furrow is dug, uniformly after application, earthing simultaneously waters.
9. fertilizing method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that
The section of the dressing furrow is annular or semi-circular;
And/or the depth of the dressing furrow is 15-20cm;
And/or the amount of the watering is 15-20kg/ plants.
10. fertilizing method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the dedicated set meal fertilizer of Queensland nut is suitble to apply In to the operation macadamia in Yunnan Province and similar ecoclimate area.
CN201910693250.0A 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 Compound fertilizer special for macadimia nuts and package fertilizer and fertilizing method thereof Active CN110436980B (en)

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CN113788726A (en) * 2021-08-08 2021-12-14 韦兆堂 Method for preparing fertilizer for balanced growth of macadamia nut in flower bud stage and fruit tree
CN113816804A (en) * 2021-08-08 2021-12-21 韦兆堂 Method for preparing fertilizer for macadamia nut in kernel oil accumulation period
CN115626841A (en) * 2022-11-07 2023-01-20 云南云天化股份有限公司 Preparation method of calcium-magnesium-rich citrate soluble phosphate fertilizer special for macadamia nuts
NL2032979B1 (en) * 2022-05-19 2023-06-09 Guangdong Eco Eng Polytechnic A method of improving the fruit traits of Macadamia variety 695
CN117142900A (en) * 2023-09-14 2023-12-01 云南省热带作物科学研究所 Preparation method of green tangerine peel organic fertilizer, preparation method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and application

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