CN110292183A - A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning slitting device - Google Patents

A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning slitting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110292183A
CN110292183A CN201910587179.8A CN201910587179A CN110292183A CN 110292183 A CN110292183 A CN 110292183A CN 201910587179 A CN201910587179 A CN 201910587179A CN 110292183 A CN110292183 A CN 110292183A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
fruits
vegetables
slitting
drive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910587179.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110292183B (en
Inventor
杨巍巍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Food and Pharmaceutical Science College
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Jiangsu Food and Pharmaceutical Science College
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Priority to CN201910587179.8A priority Critical patent/CN110292183B/en
Publication of CN110292183A publication Critical patent/CN110292183A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110292183B publication Critical patent/CN110292183B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/04Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member
    • B26D1/06Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member wherein the cutting member reciprocates
    • B26D1/08Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member wherein the cutting member reciprocates of the guillotine type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0625Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by endless conveyors, e.g. belts

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fruits and vegetables to clean slitting device, including wiper mechanism and cutting agency, wiper mechanism is set to the side of cutting agency, and wiper mechanism is for cleaning fruits and vegetables, and give the fruits and vegetables after cleaning to cutting agency, cutting agency realizes the slitting to fruits and vegetables.Wiper mechanism realizes the transport and discharging of fruits and vegetables by a motor, and cutting agency realizes conveying and the slitting of fruits and vegetables by a motor, realizes that the transport of fruits and vegetables is cut by mechanical mutual linkage, structure is simple.After wiper mechanism has cleaned fruits and vegetables, it is directly entered cutting agency, artificial interference is avoided to transport, it is relatively sanitary, and wiper mechanism and cutting agency pass through the mutual Byway of mechanical action, realize the cleaning slitting of fruits and vegetables, it is high-efficient.

Description

A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning slitting device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of fruits and vegetables to clean slitting device.
Background technique:
Fruits and vegetables slitting is occupied an important position in food-processing industry, when high-volume cuts operation to fruits and vegetables, if relying on hand Work, inefficiency.Existing producer will use the cutting machine of mechanization, need to clean fruits and vegetables before fruits and vegetables slitting, existing After the completion of the cleaning machine cleaning that some fruits and vegetables pass through mechanization, need manually to pull out fruits and vegetables, and fruits and vegetables are sent into cutting machine, manually Intervention is more, and during manual handling, low efficiency, and unhygienic.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention is to provide a kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning slitting device to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention has: a kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning slitting device, comprising:
Wiper mechanism, the wiper mechanism include rack for cleaning, rinse bath, water tank, cleaning hairbrush roller, hydro-peening unit, cleaning driving Motor, drive sprocket, drive chain, Material collecting box for harvesting, the first drive disk, the first drive rod and stripper, the rinse bath are fixed on The top of rack for cleaning, several cleaning hairbrush rollers are rotatably connected in rinse bath side by side and form brush roll unit, the brush roll list Member is obliquely installed, and is mutually linked between two adjacent cleaning hairbrush rollers in brush roll unit, and water tank is fixed on the lower section of rinse bath, spray The liquid feeding end washed on unit is connected with water tank, and the hydro-peening hole on hydro-peening unit is placed in the top of cleaning hairbrush roller, and Material collecting box for harvesting is solid Due on the outer wall of water tank, and the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting is lower than water tank upper surface, and stripper is placed in Material collecting box for harvesting, and stripper One end grafting is articulated on stripper through the bottom surface of Material collecting box for harvesting, one end of the first drive rod, and the other end is articulated with the first drive On Moving plate, the first drive disk is rotatably connected on rack for cleaning, is cleaned the output shaft of driving motor and is fixed two drive sprockets, Equal piece drive chain of winding on described two drive sprockets, two drive chains the first drive disk of corresponding driving and brush roll unit turn It is dynamic;
Cutting agency, the cutting agency include slitting frame, conveyer belt, conveying roller, partial gear, slitting motor, transmission skin Band, drive pulley, first gear, second gear, third gear, the first bevel gear, the second bevel gear, transmission shaft, the second driving Disk, the second drive rod, wedge and blade unit, described cut are set up in the side of rack for cleaning, three conveying rollers phase from left to right It goes to and is connected on slitting frame across a certain distance, and be connected between three conveying rollers by conveyer belt, conveyer belt is located at collection Hopper side;A drive pulley is fixed on three conveying rollers, and is connected between three drive pulleys by driving belt It is dynamic;Partial gear, second gear and third gear are rotatably connected on slitting frame, and first gear is fixedly connected on interposition On the conveying roller set, second gear and third gear are meshed, and the face of gear of partial gear is meshed with first gear, endless The shiny surface of all gear is placed in the side of second gear;The rotation of motor driven partial gear is cut, partial gear one turns It is first meshed with first gear and second gear in the dynamic period;Two the first bevel-gear rotatings are connected on slitting frame, and one First bevel gear is coaxially disposed and is fixedly connected with third gear, another first bevel gear and the coaxial arrangement of the second drive disk are simultaneously It being fixedly connected, transmission shaft is rotatably connected on slitting frame, and second bevel gear is fixed at the both ends of transmission shaft respectively, and two the Two bevel gears correspondence is meshed with two first bevel gears, and the both ends of the second drive rod are mutually cut with scissors with the second drive disk and wedge respectively It connects, wedge is slidably connected on slitting frame, and blade unit is fixedly connected on slitting frame and is located at the lower section of wedge, wedge and knife Blade unit is respectively positioned on the left side of conveyer belt.
Further, the cross section of the rinse bath is U-shape structure, and rinse bath is obliquely installed, and the inclination of rinse bath Angle is identical as the tilt angle of brush roll unit, and Material collecting box for harvesting is arranged at the bottom position of rinse bath.
Further, the water tank is rectangle box structure, and one end side wall of water tank upwardly extends and formed inclined rib portion, The bottom end of the rinse bath contacts in inclined rib portion, and the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting is located at the lower section in inclined rib portion.
Further, the stripper includes stock supporting plate, guide rod and water receiving tank, and the guide rod is plugged in Material collecting box for harvesting vertically On bottom surface, stock supporting plate and water receiving tank are respectively fixedly connected with the upper and lower ends in guide rod, and stock supporting plate is placed in the inner cavity of Material collecting box for harvesting, The upper surface of the stock supporting plate is bevel structure, and the tilt angle phase of the tilt angle of stock supporting plate upper surface and brush roll unit Together.
Further, stock guide is fixed on the outer wall of the Material collecting box for harvesting, the stock guide is obliquely installed, and stock guide position In the top of conveyer belt.
Further, the hydro-peening unit includes sparge pipe, water receiving pipe and water pump, and two piece-root grafting water pipes are sealedly connected on respectively The water outlet and water inlet of water pump, a piece-root grafting water pipe are connected on the water outlet of water tank, and another piece-root grafting water pipe is connected with sparge pipe Logical, sparge pipe is placed in the top of rinse bath, and the hole for water spraying on sparge pipe is towards spraying water on cleaning hairbrush roller.
Further, the blade unit includes slitting seat, blade, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the slitting Seat is rectangular structure, and installation through-hole is equipped on the center position of slitting seat, and two first fixed plates are fixed in parallel to each other In on the inner wall of installation through-hole, it is equipped with several slots on the first fixing plate, several blades are arranged in parallel, and each knife The both ends of piece are plugged in respectively on the slot of two first fixed plates, and two second fixed plates, which are fixed on two first by screw, fixes On plate, and blade is locked in the first fixed plate by the second fixed plate.
Further, the installation through-hole on the slitting seat includes cone hole part and rectangular opening that be setting up and down and being mutually communicated Portion is equipped with step surface in the junction of cone hole part and rectangle hole portion, and two first fixed plates are placed on step surface in parallel to each other On, and be fixedly connected between the first fixed plate and step surface by screw.
Further, the both ends of the blade are equipped with the plug division of square.
Further, the wedge is equipped with sliding sleeve and rectangular-shaped briquetting, is equipped with guide post, the sliding sleeve on slitting frame It is set on guide post, the briquetting on the wedge is adapted with the rectangle hole portion on slitting seat.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1) wiper mechanism realizes the transport and discharging of fruits and vegetables by a motor, and cutting agency realizes fruits and vegetables by a motor Conveying and slitting realize that the transport of fruits and vegetables is cut by mechanical mutual linkage, and structure is simple.
2) after wiper mechanism has cleaned fruits and vegetables, it is directly entered cutting agency, artificial interference is avoided to transport, it is relatively sanitary, and Wiper mechanism and cutting agency pass through the mutual Byway of mechanical action, realize the cleaning slitting of fruits and vegetables, high-efficient.
3) after wiper mechanism cleaning fruits and vegetables, when collection of fruits and vegetables, may not flow into more ejected wash waters, pass through setting in structure For meter to avoid water from entering collection structure with fruits and vegetables, using effect is good.
4) wedge in cutting agency and blade unit structure design rationally, cut convenient for fruits and vegetables are better achieved.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is structure of the invention figure.
Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is the structure chart of wiper mechanism in the present invention.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged view of wiper mechanism in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the main view of cutting agency in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the top view of cutting agency in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the top view of blade unit in cutting agency in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structure chart for cutting seat in the present invention in cutting agency in blade unit.
Figure 10 be in the present invention in cutting agency in blade unit blade installation diagram.
Figure 11 is the structure chart of blade in cutting agency in the present invention.
Specific embodiment:
The present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of fruits and vegetables of the present invention clean slitting device, including wiper mechanism 1 and cutting agency 4, cleaning machine Structure 1 is set to the side of cutting agency 4, and wiper mechanism 1 send the fruits and vegetables after cleaning to cutting machine for cleaning to fruits and vegetables Structure 4, cutting agency 4 realize the slitting to fruits and vegetables.
Fruits and vegetables in the present invention refer to the rounded structures such as apple, potato, pachyrhizus, radish or strip and meat tightly crisp class Fruits and vegetables.The structure of wiper mechanism 1 and cutting agency 4 is described in detail below:
Such as Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, wiper mechanism 1 include rack for cleaning 11, rinse bath 12, water tank 13, cleaning hairbrush roller 14, hydro-peening unit 15, Clean driving motor 16, drive sprocket 17, drive chain 18, Material collecting box for harvesting 21, the first drive disk 22, the first drive rod 23 and discharging Plate 24.
Rinse bath 12 is fixed on the top of rack for cleaning 11, several cleaning hairbrush rollers 14 are rotatably connected on rinse bath 12 side by side Interior and form brush roll unit, brush roll unit is obliquely installed, and passes through chain between two adjacent cleaning hairbrush rollers 14 in brush roll unit It mutually links with sprocket wheel, several cleaning hairbrush rollers 14 are existing conventional knot by the structure that chain and sprocket wheel mutually link Structure, therefore the present invention is no longer described in detail this structure.
Water tank 13 is fixed on the lower section of rinse bath 12, and the liquid feeding end on hydro-peening unit 15 is connected with water tank 13, hydro-peening list Hydro-peening hole in member 15 is placed in the top of cleaning hairbrush roller 14, and hydro-peening unit 15 extracts the water in water tank 13 out, and passes through hydro-peening Hole sprays, and realizes that the fruits and vegetables on cleaning hairbrush roller 14 are cleaned, the water that hydro-peening hole sprays trickles along rinse bath 12, and most It flows into water tank 13 eventually, that realizes water follows bad use.
Material collecting box for harvesting 21 is fixed on the outer wall of water tank 13, and the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21 is lower than 13 upper surface of water tank, discharging Plate 24 is placed in Material collecting box for harvesting 21, and one end grafting of stripper 24 is through the bottom surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21, and the one of the first drive rod 23 End is articulated on stripper 24, and the other end is articulated on the first drive disk 22, and the first drive disk 22 is rotatably connected on rack for cleaning 11 On.
Two drive sprockets 17 are fixed on the output shaft of cleaning driving motor 16, are arranged in the side of the first drive disk 22 One drive sprocket, and the drive sprocket is coaxial with the first drive disk 22 and fixed, in brush roll unit in a cleaning hair A drive sprocket is fixed on brush roll 14, piece drive of winding on two drive sprockets 17 of cleaning 16 output shaft of driving motor Dynamic chain 18, two drive chains 18 the first drive disk 22 of corresponding driving and brush roll unit rotational.
The power of cleaning driving motor 16 is divided into two-way output, all the way for driving the rotation of cleaning hairbrush roller 14, finally Realize the transmission of fruits and vegetables, fruits and vegetables are finally fallen in Material collecting box for harvesting 21, and the power drive stripper 24 of another way pumps, So that the fruits and vegetables in Material collecting box for harvesting 21 are pushed out.
The present invention can also save the power output all the way of cleaning driving motor 16, i.e., for driving cleaning hairbrush roller 14 to rotate Power, fruits and vegetables can be tumbled according to the brush roll unit being obliquely installed and under.Final structure, can according to specific structure require and It is fixed.
The cross section of rinse bath 12 is U-shape structure, and the rotation of cleaning hairbrush roller 14 is set in the inner cavity of rinse bath 12.For just Preferably trickle in the water in rinse bath 12 to water tank 13, rinse bath 12 is obliquely installed, and the tilt angle of rinse bath 12 with The tilt angle of brush roll unit is identical.Material collecting box for harvesting 21 is arranged at the bottom position of rinse bath 12.
Water tank 13 in the present invention is rectangle box structure, and one end side wall of water tank 13 upwardly extends and forms inclined rib portion 131, the bottom end of rinse bath 12 contacts in inclined rib portion 131.
During water flow in rinse bath 12 is dropped down to water tank 13, since the bottom end of rinse bath 12 contacts at inclined rib portion On 131, therefore the water flowed down is inclined by rib portion 131 and blocks, and may not flow into Material collecting box for harvesting 21, only fruits and vegetables can fall into and gather materials In case 21.
The upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21 is located at the lower section in inclined rib portion 131, pumps and unloads in driving stripper 24 Out during the fruits and vegetables in Material collecting box for harvesting 21, since the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21 is lower than 13 upper surface of water tank, fruits and vegetables be will not fall It drops down onto water tank 13, can only be drawn off from the upper port of Material collecting box for harvesting 21.
Stripper 24 in the present invention includes stock supporting plate 241, guide rod 242 and water receiving tank 243, and guide rod 242 is plugged in vertically On the bottom surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21, stock supporting plate 241 and water receiving tank 243 are respectively fixedly connected with the upper and lower ends in guide rod 242, and stock supporting plate 241 are placed in the inner cavity of Material collecting box for harvesting 21.
For convenient for preferably drawing off the fruits and vegetables in Material collecting box for harvesting 21, the upper surface of stock supporting plate 241 is bevel structure, and stock supporting plate The tilt angle of 241 upper surfaces is identical as the tilt angle of brush roll unit.When drawing off fruits and vegetables, the oblique of 241 upper surface of stock supporting plate is kept off When face is higher than the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting 21, fruits and vegetables can roll down automatically (such as Fig. 4 and Fig. 5) along the upper surface of gear stock supporting plate 241.
Due to tumbling to that can be attached to certain droplet on the fruits and vegetables in Material collecting box for harvesting 21, there are fraction of in Material collecting box for harvesting 21 Water, the water in Material collecting box for harvesting 21 can be flowed into water receiving tank 243 by the guide hole for grafting guide rod 242, and be received by water receiving tank 243 Collection.Water receiving tank 243 is equipped with discharge outlet, when water is more in water receiving tank 243, opens discharge outlet, or directly connect in discharge outlet A piece drainpipe.
Stock guide 211 is fixed on the outer wall of Material collecting box for harvesting 21, stock guide 211 is obliquely installed, and stock guide 211 be located at cut The top of conveyer belt 42 in mechanism 4.Stock guide 211 preferably enters on conveyer belt 42 convenient for fruits and vegetables.
Hydro-peening unit 15 in the present invention is structure conventional in existing fruits and vegetables cleaning device comprising sparge pipe 151, Water receiving pipe 152 and water pump, two piece-root grafting water pipes 152 are sealedly connected on the water outlet and water inlet of water pump, a piece-root grafting water pipe 152 respectively It is connected on the water outlet of water tank 13, another piece-root grafting water pipe 152 is connected with sparge pipe 151, and sparge pipe 151 is placed in rinse bath 12 Top, and the hole for water spraying on sparge pipe 151 is towards spraying water on cleaning hairbrush roller 14.In use, in the water outlet of water tank 13 One filter screen is set, granule foreign can be filtered, avoids water outlet hole plug.
Such as Fig. 6 to Figure 11, the cutting agency 4 in the present invention includes slitting frame 41, conveyer belt 42, conveying roller 43, not exclusively Gear 44, slitting motor, driving belt 45, drive pulley 46, first gear 51, second gear 52, third gear 53, the first umbrella Gear 61, the second bevel gear 62, transmission shaft 64, the second drive disk 65, the second drive rod 66, wedge 67 and blade unit 68.
The side that frame 41 is set to rack for cleaning 11 is cut, three conveying rollers 43 mutually go to connection across a certain distance from left to right It is connected on slitting frame 41, and between three conveying rollers 43 by conveyer belt 42, conveyer belt 42 is located at 21 side of Material collecting box for harvesting.? Two block baffles are arranged in the right side of conveyer belt 42, and the stock guide 211 on Material collecting box for harvesting 21 stretches out between two baffles, send in stock guide 211 When entering fruits and vegetables, two block baffles can be effectively avoided fruits and vegetables and tumble to outside conveyer belt 42, and fruits and vegetables is avoided to fall conveyer belt 42.
A drive pulley 46 is fixed on three conveying rollers 43, and passes through driving belt between three drive pulleys 46 45 are connected.
Partial gear 44, second gear 52 and third gear 53 are rotatably connected on slitting frame 41, first gear 51 It is fixedly connected on the conveying roller 43 in middle position, second gear 52 and third gear 53 are meshed, the tooth of partial gear 44 Wheel face is meshed with first gear 51, and the shiny surface of partial gear 44 is placed in the side of second gear 52, cuts motor driven Partial gear 44 rotates, and is first meshed with first gear 51 and second gear 52 in 44 1 rotation periods of partial gear.
Two the first bevel gears 61 are rotatably connected on slitting frame 41, and first bevel gear 61 and third gear 53 are same Axis is arranged and is fixedly connected (its structure is exactly that the first bevel gear 61 is fixed in a shaft jointly with third gear 53), another A first bevel gear 61 is coaxially disposed with the second drive disk 65 and is fixedly connected with that (its structure is exactly that the first bevel gear 61 and second drive Moving plate 65 is fixed on jointly in a shaft).
Transmission shaft 64 is rotatably connected on slitting frame 41, and second bevel gear is fixed at the both ends of transmission shaft 64 respectively 62, two the second bevel gear 62 correspondences are meshed with two first bevel gears 61, and the both ends of the second drive rod 66 are driven with second respectively Moving plate 65 and wedge 67 are hinged, and wedge 67 is slidably connected on slitting frame 41, and blade unit 68 is fixedly connected on slitting frame 41 The lower section of wedge 67 is gone up and is located at, wedge 67 and blade unit 68 are respectively positioned on the left side of conveyer belt 42.
The action specification of cutting agency 4: slitting motor driven partial gear 44 rotates, partial gear 44 1 rotations It is first meshed with first gear 51 and second gear 52 in period, when partial gear 44 is meshed with first gear 51, no The power that complete gear 44 exports is passed to the conveying roller 43 and drive pulley 46 of middle position by first gear 51, final to drive Conveyer belt 42 rotates.When partial gear 44 is meshed with second gear 52, the power that partial gear 44 exports is by the second tooth The 52, first bevel gear 61 of wheel and the second bevel gear 62 pass to the second drive disk 65, and drive wedge 67 by the second drive disk 65 Next complete reciprocating action on work.
The molar behavior of cutting agency 4 is as a result: conveyer belt 42 is sent fruits and vegetables to blade unit 68 by certain beat, In the gap of 42 stop motion of conveyer belt, wedge 67 completes one and pumps, and fruits and vegetables cuts on realization blade unit 68 Item, then conveyer belt 42 moves again, and wedge 67 acts again, so recycles.
Blade unit 68 in the present invention includes slitting seat 681, blade 682, the first fixed plate 683 and the second fixed plate 684, slitting seat 681 is rectangular structure, and installation through-hole, two first fixed plates are equipped on the center position of slitting seat 681 683 are fixed in parallel to each other on the inner wall of installation through-hole, and several slots, several blades are equipped in the first fixed plate 683 682 is arranged in parallel, and is formed between adjacent knife blades 682 and falls gap.After fruits and vegetables are cut, fallen from gap is fallen. The both ends of each blade 682 are plugged in respectively on the slot of two first fixed plates 683, and two second fixed plates 684 pass through screw It is fixed in two first fixed plates 683, and blade 682 is locked in the first fixed plate 683 by the second fixed plate 684.
The installation through-hole cut on seat 681 includes cone hole part 6811 that is setting up and down and being mutually communicated and rectangle hole portion 6812, cone hole part 6811 can preferably fall into the center for cutting seat 681 in order to the fruits and vegetables to fall on conveyer belt 42.
For the fixed installation convenient for the first fixed plate 683, it is equipped in cone hole part 6811 and the junction of rectangle hole portion 6822 Step surface 6813, two first fixed plates 683 are placed in parallel to each other on step surface 6813, and the first fixed plate 683 and platform It is fixedly connected between terrace 6813 by screw,
It is equipped with the plug division 6823 of square at the both ends of blade 682, plug division 6823 is plugged in the first fixed plate 683.
Wedge 67 is equipped with sliding sleeve and rectangular-shaped briquetting 671, is equipped with guide post on slitting frame 41, sliding sleeve is set in guide post On, the briquetting 671 on wedge 67 is adapted with the rectangle hole portion 6822 on slitting seat 681.Briquetting 671 can be preferably by fruits and vegetables It is pressed together on blade.
When in use, wiper mechanism 1 is for cleaning fruits and vegetables, and the fruits and vegetables after cleaning are sent to cutting agency 4, cuts Mechanism 4 realizes the slitting to fruits and vegetables.
Wiper mechanism 1 realizes the transport and discharging of fruits and vegetables by a motor, and cutting agency 4 realizes fruit by a motor The conveying of vegetable and slitting realize that the transport of fruits and vegetables is cut by mechanical mutual linkage, and structure is simple.
After wiper mechanism 1 has cleaned fruits and vegetables, it is directly entered cutting agency 4, artificial interference is avoided to transport, it is relatively sanitary, and Wiper mechanism 1 and cutting agency 4 pass through the mutual Byway of mechanical action, realize the cleaning slitting of fruits and vegetables, high-efficient.
After wiper mechanism 1 cleans fruits and vegetables, when collection of fruits and vegetables, may not flow into more ejected wash waters, pass through the design in structure Water is avoided to enter collection structure with fruits and vegetables, using effect is good.
Wedge and blade unit structure design in cutting agency rationally cut convenient for fruits and vegetables are better achieved.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art It for member, can also make several improvements without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvement also should be regarded as of the invention Protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fruits and vegetables clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: include:
Wiper mechanism (1), the wiper mechanism (1) include rack for cleaning (11), rinse bath (12), water tank (13), cleaning hairbrush roller (14), hydro-peening unit (15), cleaning driving motor (16), drive sprocket (17), drive chain (18), Material collecting box for harvesting (21), first Drive disk (22), the first drive rod (23) and stripper (24), the rinse bath (12) are fixed on the top of rack for cleaning (11), if A dry cleaning hairbrush roller (14) is rotatably connected in rinse bath (12) side by side and is formed brush roll unit, and the brush roll unit inclination is set It sets, mutually links between two adjacent cleaning hairbrush rollers (14) in brush roll unit, water tank (13) is fixed under rinse bath (12) Square, the liquid feeding end on hydro-peening unit (15) is connected with water tank (13), and the hydro-peening hole on hydro-peening unit (15) is placed in cleaning hairbrush The top of roller (14), Material collecting box for harvesting (21) are fixed on the outer wall of water tank (13), and the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting (21) is lower than water tank (13) upper surface, stripper (24) are placed in Material collecting box for harvesting (21), and one end grafting of stripper (24) is through Material collecting box for harvesting (21) Bottom surface, one end of the first drive rod (23) is articulated on stripper (24), and the other end is articulated on the first drive disk (22), One drive disk (22) is rotatably connected on rack for cleaning (11), is cleaned on the output shaft of driving motor (16) and is fixed two drive sprockets (17), equal piece drive chain (18) of winding on described two drive sprockets (17), the corresponding driving of two drive chains (18) the One drive disk (22) and brush roll unit rotational;
Cutting agency (4), the cutting agency (4) include slitting frame (41), conveyer belt (42), conveying roller (43), incomplete tooth Take turns (44), slitting motor, driving belt (45), drive pulley (46), first gear (51), second gear (52), third gear (53), the first bevel gear (61), the second bevel gear (62), transmission shaft (64), the second drive disk (65), the second drive rod (66), Wedge (67) and blade unit (68), slitting frame (41) are set to the side of rack for cleaning (11), and three conveying rollers (43) are by a left side It goes to and is connected on slitting frame (41) across a certain distance to right phase, and pass through conveyer belt (42) phase between three conveying rollers (43) Linkage, conveyer belt (42) are located at Material collecting box for harvesting (21) side;A drive pulley (46) is fixed on three conveying rollers (43), and It is connected between three drive pulleys (46) by driving belt (45);Partial gear (44), second gear (52) and third Gear (53) is rotatably connected on slitting frame (41), and first gear (51) is fixedly connected on the conveying roller (43) in middle position On, second gear (52) and third gear (53) are meshed, and face of gear and the first gear (51) of partial gear (44) are mutually nibbled It closes, the shiny surface of partial gear (44) is placed in the side of second gear (52);Motor driven partial gear (44) are cut to turn It is dynamic, it is first meshed with first gear (51) and second gear (52) in (44) rotation periods of partial gear;Two first Bevel gear (61) is rotatably connected on slitting frame (41), and first bevel gear (61) and third gear (53) are coaxially disposed simultaneously It is fixedly connected, another first bevel gear (61) is coaxially disposed and is fixedly connected with the second drive disk (65), and transmission shaft (64) turns It is dynamic to be connected on slitting frame (41), and second bevel gear (62), two the second umbrellas are fixed in the both ends of transmission shaft (64) respectively Gear (62) correspondence is meshed with two first bevel gears (61), the both ends of the second drive rod (66) respectively with the second drive disk (65) It is hinged with wedge (67), wedge (67) is slidably connected on slitting frame (41), and blade unit (68) is fixedly connected on slitting frame (41) lower section on and positioned at wedge (67), wedge (67) and blade unit (68) are respectively positioned on the left side of conveyer belt (42).
2. fruits and vegetables as described in claim 1 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the cross section of the rinse bath (12) is U Shape and structure, rinse bath (12) are obliquely installed, and the tilt angle of rinse bath (12) is identical as the tilt angle of brush roll unit, collection Hopper (21) is arranged at the bottom position of rinse bath (12).
3. fruits and vegetables as claimed in claim 2 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the water tank (13) is rectangle box structure, One end side wall of water tank (13) is upwardly extended and is formed inclined rib portion (131), and the bottom end of the rinse bath (12), which contacts at, inclines In inclined flange portion (131), the upper surface of Material collecting box for harvesting (21) is located at the lower section in inclined rib portion (131).
4. fruits and vegetables as described in claim 1 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the stripper (24) includes stock supporting plate (241), guide rod (242) and water receiving tank (243), the guide rod (242) are plugged in vertically on the bottom surface of Material collecting box for harvesting (21), stock supporting plate (241) and water receiving tank (243) is respectively fixedly connected with the upper and lower ends in guide rod (242), and stock supporting plate (241) is placed in Material collecting box for harvesting (21) in inner cavity, the upper surface of the stock supporting plate (241) is bevel structure, and the tilt angle of stock supporting plate (241) upper surface It is identical as the tilt angle of brush roll unit.
5. fruits and vegetables as described in claim 1 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: fixed on the outer wall of the Material collecting box for harvesting (21) Have stock guide (211), the stock guide (211) is obliquely installed, and stock guide (211) is located at the top of conveyer belt (42).
6. fruits and vegetables as described in claim 1 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the hydro-peening unit (15) includes sparge pipe (151), water receiving pipe (152) and water pump, two piece-root grafting water pipes (152) are sealedly connected on the water outlet and water inlet of water pump respectively, and one Piece-root grafting water pipe (152) is connected on the water outlet of water tank (13), and another piece-root grafting water pipe (152) is connected with sparge pipe (151), spray Water pipe (151) is placed in the top of rinse bath (12), and the hole for water spraying on sparge pipe (151) is towards spraying on cleaning hairbrush roller (14) Water.
7. fruits and vegetables as described in claim 1 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the blade unit (68) includes slitting seat (681), blade (682), the first fixed plate (683) and the second fixed plate (684), the slitting seat (681) are rectangular structure, Installation through-hole is equipped on the center position of slitting seat (681), two first fixed plates (683) are fixed on installation in parallel to each other On the inner wall of through-hole, several slots are equipped on the first fixed plate (683), several blades (682) are arranged in parallel, and every The both ends of a blade (682) are plugged in respectively on the slot of two first fixed plates (683), and two second fixed plates (684) pass through Screw is fixed in two first fixed plates (683), and blade (682) is locked and fixes in first by the second fixed plate (684) On plate (683).
8. fruits and vegetables as claimed in claim 7 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the installation on slitting seat (681) is logical Hole includes cone hole part (6811) that is setting up and down and being mutually communicated and rectangle hole portion (6812), in cone hole part (6811) and rectangular opening The junction in portion (6822) is equipped with step surface (6813), and two first fixed plates (683) are placed on step surface in parallel to each other (6813) it on, and is fixedly connected between the first fixed plate (683) and step surface (6813) by screw.
9. fruits and vegetables as claimed in claim 8 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the both ends of the blade (682) are equipped with straight Angular plug division (6823).
10. fruits and vegetables as claimed in claim 8 clean slitting device, it is characterised in that: the wedge (67) be equipped with sliding sleeve and Rectangular-shaped briquetting (671) is equipped with guide post on slitting frame (41), and the sliding sleeve is set on guide post, on the wedge (67) Briquetting (671) with slitting seat (681) on rectangle hole portion (6822) be adapted.
CN201910587179.8A 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Fruit and vegetable cleaning and slitting device Active CN110292183B (en)

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CN111590649A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-28 廖裕兴 Express bill fly-cutting equipment
CN111873072A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-11-03 海宁埃尔佳鞋业有限公司 Insole cutting device for mass production
CN112809827A (en) * 2021-01-01 2021-05-18 梁盛 Automatic die cutting device for paperboards
CN113001609A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-22 芦艺 Edible rice flour automatic cutting, collecting and processing device
WO2022012306A1 (en) * 2020-07-14 2022-01-20 海宁艾力针织有限公司 Cloth cutting machine capable of automatically and equivalently cutting cloth

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CN111590649A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-28 廖裕兴 Express bill fly-cutting equipment
CN111873072A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-11-03 海宁埃尔佳鞋业有限公司 Insole cutting device for mass production
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CN112809827A (en) * 2021-01-01 2021-05-18 梁盛 Automatic die cutting device for paperboards
CN113001609A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-22 芦艺 Edible rice flour automatic cutting, collecting and processing device

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