Medical scalpel belt cleaning device
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a medical scalpel cleaning device.
The hospital often needs to carry out various operations, need large batch scalpel in the operation, remaining a large amount of bloodstains of scalpel cause the infection for patient easily if not thoroughly wash, but abluent working strength is very big, a large amount of scalpels are placed and are washd in same cleaning box, make the scalpel bump easily, lead to sharp scalpel knife tip to cause the damage, and if do not dry the disinfection immediately after wasing, can cause the secondary pollution of scalpel, to current scalpel belt cleaning device, it can't be by the sanitization by the clamping part, can influence the wound infection of patient's postoperative.
In the prior art, a medical scalpel cleaning device with application number '201711308471.9' comprises an H-shaped base, the center of the top of the base is connected with a cleaning box through a damping device, the top of the cleaning box is sequentially provided with a water pump, a clean water tank, a motor and a fan from left to right, the motor is positioned in the center of the top of the cleaning box, the output end of the motor is provided with a rotating rod, the outer wall of the rotating rod is uniformly provided with a clamping device, the bottom of the clamping device is provided with a scalpel, this medical scalpel belt cleaning device convenient operation will need abluent scalpel clamping in the clamping hole, steps up base top right-hand member and is equipped with the locating pin, plays the guard action, prevents that relevant personnel maloperation from causing the scalpel to drop the damage, adopts a sword anchor clamps form, not only reduces working strength, effectively avoids the scalpel to bump at a large amount of scalpels of abluent in-process in addition, and eight nozzle that the structure is the same have improved the cleaning efficiency of scalpel.
However, the method still has the obvious defects in the using process: the clamped part of the medical instrument can not be cleaned and sterilized, so that the cleaning and the sterilization of the scalpel are not thorough enough, the wound infection of a patient after the operation can be influenced, and the patient can not be recovered after the operation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a medical scalpel cleaning device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a medical scalpel cleaning device comprises a cleaning machine main body and a placing plate, wherein a cleaning liquid box is arranged in an inner cavity of the cleaning machine main body, the cleaning liquid box is symmetrically communicated with a cleaning liquid pipe, the cleaning liquid pipe is communicated with a plurality of communicating branch pipes, spraying balls are arranged on the communicating branch pipes, and a plurality of spraying holes are formed in the spraying balls;
a support plate is fixedly arranged in an inner cavity of the cleaning machine main body, a rotating block is movably arranged in a groove formed in the support plate, the rotating block is connected with a rotating shaft through a connecting rod, a rotating motor is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft, a communicated main cavity is arranged in the inner cavity of the placing plate, the communicated main cavity is communicated with the inner cavity of the rotating shaft, and the communicated main cavity is communicated with a plurality of piston branches;
the movable piston piece I that is provided with in the piston chamber of piston branch road, be provided with the connecting block on the piston piece I, the one end that piston piece I was kept away from to the connecting block is connected with accepts the board, accept and placed the handle of a knife on the board, it has seted up a plurality of operation mouths on the board to place, the bilateral symmetry of operation mouth is provided with the fixed column, the fixed column is connected with the fixture block through compression spring, be provided with in the fixture block and clean the sponge, it is provided with the draw-in groove on the sponge to clean, the joint has the handle of a knife in the draw-in groove, one side that the pivot is close to rotating electrical machines is provided with the extrusion piston, the inner chamber of pivot and the inner chamber of extrusion piston are linked together.
Preferably, a movable handle is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the cleaning machine main body, and a plurality of universal wheels are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the cleaning machine main body.
Preferably, one side of the piston cavity of the first piston block, which is far away from the piston branch, is symmetrically provided with a blocking block, and the blocking block is fixedly arranged on the inner side wall of the piston branch.
Preferably, one side of the second piston block, which is close to the push rod, is symmetrically provided with a blocking block, and the blocking block is fixed on the inner side wall of the extrusion piston.
Preferably, a plurality of waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall holes have all been seted up on backup pad and the board of placing, the backup pad is close to the one end of cleaning solution case and passes through the guide plate and communicate in the waste liquid case, the kneck of guide plate and waste liquid case is provided with the filter screen.
Preferably, a plurality of air outlet pipes and ultraviolet disinfection lamps are arranged on the top end wall of the cleaning machine main body, the air outlet pipes are communicated with the fan, and the fan is fixed on the outer side wall of the cleaning machine main body.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the scalpels in the device are independently and separately cleaned, so that the phenomenon that the sharp knife point of the scalpels is damaged due to collision of a large number of scalpels cleaned in the same cleaning box can be avoided;
2. the device is provided with the fan drying device and the ultraviolet disinfection device, so that secondary pollution of the cleaned scalpel is effectively avoided;
3. the clamping part of the handle of the scalpel can be changed and moved during cleaning, so that blind spots that the clamping part of the handle of the scalpel cannot be cleaned and disinfected are eliminated, the whole handle of the scalpel can be cleaned, and the cleaning force is effectively improved.
The invention provides a medical scalpel cleaning device which can independently clean a scalpel, change the clamping position of a scalpel handle, clean a clamped part, dry and disinfect the part in time after cleaning, avoid secondary pollution and effectively improve the overall cleaning effect.
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front sectional detail view of the holding device in the placing board of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the support and resting plates of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top detail view of the clamping device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 cleaning machine main part, 2 removal handles, 3 universal wheels, 4 cleaning solution boxes, 5 cleaning solution pipes, 6 intercommunication branch pipes, 7 spraying balls, 8 spraying holes, 9 supporting plates, 10 turning blocks, 11 placing plates, 12 rotating shafts, 13 rotating motors, 14 intercommunication main cavities, 15 piston branches, 16 piston blocks I, 17 connecting blocks, 18 blocking blocks, 19 bearing plates, 20 knife handles, 21 operation ports, 22 fixing columns, 23 compression springs, 24 clamping blocks, 25 scrubbing sponges, 26 clamping grooves, 27 extruding pistons, 28 piston blocks II, 29 push rods, 30 draining holes, 31 guide plates, 32 waste liquid boxes, 33 filter screens, 34 air outlet pipes, 35 ultraviolet disinfection lamps and 36 fans.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a medical scalpel belt cleaning device, include cleaning machine main part 1 and place board 11, be provided with cleaning solution case 4 in the inner chamber of cleaning machine main part 1, it is used for carrying out clear washing liquid to the scalpel to store in cleaning solution case 4, 4 symmetry intercommunications in cleaning solution case have cleaning solution pipe 5, the intercommunication has a plurality of intercommunication branch pipes 6 on the cleaning solution pipe 5, be provided with on the intercommunication branch pipe 6 and spray ball 7, it has a plurality of holes 8 that spray to have seted up on the ball 7 to spray, because spray hole 8 sets up at each different angle, so the washing solution can be washed the scalpel from the blowout in 8 holes that spray of different angles, effectively promote clean dynamics.
The inner chamber of cleaning machine main part 1 is fixed with backup pad 9, the activity is provided with turning block 10 in the recess that backup pad 9 was seted up, turning block 10 can rotate in the recess and can not break away from the recess, turning block 10 is connected with pivot 12 through the connecting rod, the fixed rotating electrical machines 13 that is provided with in pivot 12, rotating electrical machines 13 can adopt other models such as 5IK120RA-CF, 6IK300RGU-CF, can drive pivot 12 and rotate along with it when rotating electrical machines 13 starts, be provided with intercommunication main cavity 14 in placing the inner chamber of board 11, the inner chamber that communicates main cavity 14 and pivot 12 communicates with each other, intercommunication main cavity 14 communicates with each other there are a plurality of piston branch roads 15.
A piston block 16 is movably arranged in a piston cavity of the piston branch 15, a connecting block 17 is arranged on the piston block 16, one end, far away from the piston block 16, of the connecting block 17 is connected with a bearing plate 19, a tool shank 20 is arranged on the bearing plate 19, a plurality of operation ports 21 are arranged on the placing plate 11, fixing columns 22 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the operation ports 21, the fixing columns 22 are connected with clamping blocks 24 through compression springs 23, a scrubbing sponge 25 is arranged in the clamping blocks 24, clamping grooves 26 are arranged on the scrubbing sponge 25, the tool shank 20 is clamped in the clamping grooves 26, the scrubbing sponge 25 is used for scrubbing clamping parts of the tool shank 20, an extrusion piston 27 is arranged on one side, close to the rotating motor 13, of the rotating shaft 12, an inner cavity of the rotating shaft 12 is communicated with an inner cavity of the extrusion piston 27, the main cavity 14 is communicated with the inner cavity of the rotating, a second piston block 28 is movably arranged in the extrusion piston 27, and a push rod 29 is fixedly arranged on the second piston block 28.
Preferably, a movable handle 2 is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the cleaning machine body 1, the cleaning machine body 1 can be pushed by the movable handle 2, a plurality of universal wheels 3 are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the cleaning machine body 1, and the universal wheels 3 can be arranged to conveniently move the cleaning machine body 1 to various places needing to be used.
Preferably, the side of the piston block 16 away from the piston cavity of the piston branch 15 is symmetrically provided with a stop block 18, the stop block 18 is fixedly arranged on the inner side wall of the piston branch 15, and the stop block 18 is used for preventing the piston block 16 from separating from the piston branch 15.
Preferably, the second piston 28 is symmetrically provided with the blocking block 18 at a side close to the push rod 29, the blocking block 18 is fixed on the inner side wall of the extruding piston 27, and the blocking block 18 is used for preventing the second piston 28 from being separated from the extruding piston 27.
As a preferred, a plurality of waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall holes 30 have all been seted up on backup pad 9 and the board 11 of placing, and backup pad 9 is close to the one end of cleaning solution case 4 and passes through guide plate 31 and communicate in waste liquid case 32, and the waste liquid after the washing passes through waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall holes 30 and flows through guide plate 31, and it is kept in waste liquid case 32 to flow into at last, and the kneck of guide plate 31 and waste liquid case 32 is provided with filter screen 33, and filter screen 33 can carry out primary filtration to.
Preferably, a plurality of air outlet pipes 34 and ultraviolet disinfection lamps 35 are arranged on the top end wall of the cleaning machine main body 1, the air outlet pipes 34 are communicated with a fan 36, the fan 36 is fixed on the outer side wall of the cleaning machine main body 1, the fan 36 can be of other types such as YX-21D-1, when the fan 36 is started, the air outlet pipes 34 blow air to dry the cleaned scalpel, and the ultraviolet disinfection lamps 35 irradiate and disinfect the scalpel to avoid secondary pollution.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, the scalpel needing cleaning is fixed in the clamping device, specifically, the symmetrical fixture blocks 24 are pulled away from the direction close to the fixed column 22, then the handle 20 of the scalpel is placed in the clamping groove 26 on the scrubbing sponge 25, then the hand is loosened, the scrubbing sponge 25 and the clamping block 24 tightly clamp the handle 20 under the pushing action of the compression spring 23, after the scalpel is fixed in sequence according to the steps, the power switch is turned on, the water pump drives the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid box 4 to sequentially pass through the cleaning liquid pipe 5 and the communicating branch pipe 6 to reach the spraying ball 7, and then the cleaning liquid is sprayed out from the spraying ball 7 through the spraying holes 8 formed in different angles, during the period, the rotating motor 13 drives the rotating shaft 12 to rotate, so that the scalpel to be cleaned on the placing plate 11 rotates along with the rotating shaft, and the cleaning water columns at different angles can effectively wash all parts of the scalpel in the rotating process.
After a period of cleaning, the push rod 29 is pushed, the push rod 29 can push the second piston block 28 to move inwards, and as the inner cavities for communicating the main cavity 14, the rotating shaft 12 and the piston branch 15 are communicated, when the second piston block 28 moves inwards, the first piston block 16 can drive the adapting plate 19 to move upwards, so that the knife handle 20 on the adapting plate 19 also moves upwards in the clamping groove 26, and in the moving process, the scrubbing sponge 25 scrubs the clamping part of the knife handle 20, so that the cleaning is more comprehensive and thorough.
After the cleaning is finished, the water pump and the rotating motor 13 are turned off, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 35 and the fan 36 are turned on, the ultraviolet disinfection lamp 35 can irradiate, sterilize and disinfect the cleaned scalpel, and the air generated by the fan 36 blows from the air outlet pipe 34 to dry the scalpel, so that secondary pollution is avoided.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.