CN110178698A - A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method - Google Patents

A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110178698A
CN110178698A CN201910586178.1A CN201910586178A CN110178698A CN 110178698 A CN110178698 A CN 110178698A CN 201910586178 A CN201910586178 A CN 201910586178A CN 110178698 A CN110178698 A CN 110178698A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
tube
pump machine
rainwater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910586178.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王俊
陈凤
张华�
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research filed Critical Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
Priority to CN201910586178.1A priority Critical patent/CN110178698A/en
Publication of CN110178698A publication Critical patent/CN110178698A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of water-saving irrigation systems, including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, drip irrigation appliance, control cabinet, the rain collector includes rainwater collection pool, and water inlet pipe is equipped at the top of the rainwater collection pool, and the water inlet pipe lower end is equipped with buoyancy ball valve;The drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor and humidity sensor, is equidistantly connected with multiple branch pipes on the supervisor, drip irrigation emitter is evenly arranged on the branch pipe, the humidity sensor is electrically connected with control cabinet;The invention also discloses the irrigation methods of water-saving irrigation system.The present invention can be collected for irrigating rainwater, and then effectively save water consumption, using water-saving irrigation control system, can effective Controlled irrigation amount, further improve water-saving result of the invention, and can apply fertilizer with irrigation.

Description

A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to irrigation technique field more particularly to a kind of water-saving irrigation systems and method.
Background technique
China is large agricultural country, and Water Consumption in Agriculture accounts for the 68% of national water consumption, and wherein irrigation water capacity accounts for agricultural water 90% or more of amount.However the waste and contamination phenomenon due to water resource are got worse, agricultural water resources critical shortage.Therefore, Reform agricultural irrigation technology, it is imperative to develop intelligent water-saving irrigation.
Greatly, corresponding agricultural water-saving irrigation control technology is still immature, agriculture for the Agriculture Production Modes variation in China at present Industry poor infrastructure, most of technological systems are still in theoretical research, trial period, and equipment cost is high, and application is less.It is existing The irrigation method that stage uses is mainly include the following types: surface irrigation, is irrigated using ground irrigation ditch, furrow or lattice field Method.Surface irrigation is the ancient and most common irrigation method, is needed less not standby;Sprinkling irrigation is special using spray head etc. Pressure water is sprayed onto the air with equipment, forms the irrigation method that water droplet falls on ground spray and filling surface and crop surface;Sub-irrigation, ground Lower irrigation is that pipeline is embedded in soil, and moisture oozes out moist soil from pipeline, supplies water and irrigates, is that a kind of water-saving result is more satisfactory Irrigation, but the construction cost of this kind of irrigation method is higher, and maintenance difficult, thus is difficult to be widely applied.
Therefore, it now needs to design a kind of adaptation high efficiency, the water-saving irrigation system and method for modern production mode.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is being directed to disadvantage existing in the prior art, and a kind of water-saving irrigation system proposed and side Method.
To achieve the goals above, present invention employs following technical solutions:
A kind of water-saving irrigation system, including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, drip irrigation appliance, control cabinet, The rain collector includes rainwater collection pool, water inlet pipe is equipped at the top of the rainwater collection pool, the water inlet pipe lower end is set There is buoyancy ball valve;
The drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor and humidity sensor, is equidistantly connected with multiple branch pipes, the branch pipe on the supervisor On be evenly arranged with drip irrigation emitter, the humidity sensor is electrically connected with control cabinet.
Preferably, the nutrient fertilization device includes blending tank, is connected with storage by the first connecting tube on the blending tank Flow container, first connecting tube are equipped with the first pump machine, and the blending tank is connect by the second connecting tube with rainwater collection pool, institute The second connecting tube is stated equipped with the second pump machine, the blending tank upper end is equipped with motor, and the motor output shaft runs through blending tank And it is fixedly connected with blender, the blending tank is connected by third connecting tube and supervisor, and the third connecting tube is equipped with the Three pump machines, first connecting tube, the second connecting tube are equipped with solenoid valve in third connecting tube.
Preferably, water receiving pipe is connected in second connecting tube.
Preferably, water-level gauge, densimeter are equipped with inside the blending tank.
Preferably, the upper end of the rainwater collection pool is fixedly connected with water collecting funnel, and the upper end of the water collecting funnel is fixed It is connected with protective net, the interior bottom of the water collecting funnel is equipped with filter pad.
Preferably, the side wall of the water collecting funnel is equipped with overflow pipe.
Preferably, the energy saver includes solar cell array, battery, and the solar cell array and battery are electric Connection, the battery are electrically connected with control cabinet.
Using the irrigation method of above-mentioned water-saving irrigation system, comprising the following steps:
S1 lays drip irrigation appliance: branch pipe being laid in agricultural soil, branch pipe is embedded in 5-10cm in soil, branch tube spacing 30- 50cm, humidity sensor are uniformly distributed in the soil;
S2, rainwater catchment system: rainwater concentration is guided in rainwater collection pool by water collecting funnel and is stored by the rainy day, and is led to It crosses filter pad to be filtered rainwater, when storing full water in rainwater collection pool, buoyancy ball valve is closed, and extra rainwater passes through overflow Pipe discharge;
S3, humidity detection are irrigated: being monitored by the humidity sensor of setting in the soil to soil moisture, worked as soil moisture When lower than 80%, being issued to control cabinet and irrigate signal, the solenoid valve in the second connecting tube of control cabinet control, third connecting tube is opened, And start the second pump machine, third pump machine, the water in rainwater collection pool can be pumped out, and be delivered to supervisor, branch pipe, until passing through Drip irrigation emitter carries out trickle irrigation, and is kept for each irrigation time 30-40 minutes, and a solenoid valve and pump machine are closed after irrigation;
S4, regular nutrient fertilization: solenoid valve and the second pump machine in the second connecting tube of starting input the water in rainwater collection pool In blending tank, injected water volume is monitored by water-level gauge, water closes solenoid valve and the second pump machine, the first connection of starting in place Concentrated nutrient solution in fluid reservoir is added in blending tank for solenoid valve and the first pump machine on pipe, turns off solenoid valve and the first pump Machine, start motor, driving blender be stirred mixing, obtain dilution nutrient solution, starting third connecting tube on solenoid valve and Dilution nutrient solution is pumped out carry out fertigation by third pump machine.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Irrigation system of the invention passes through the rainwater collection pool of setting for rainy weather by setting rain collector In the rainy day by rainwater-collecting, and it can be used for irrigating, and then effectively save water consumption.
Irrigation system of the invention, using water-saving irrigation control system, can effective Controlled irrigation amount, further improve Water-saving result of the invention.
Irrigation system of the invention can carry out Tree Precise Fertilization while irrigating, be not necessarily to by the way that nutrient fertilization device is arranged Artificially applying fertilizer, it is time saving and energy saving, and dose can be effectively controlled, realize periodically fertilising.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of water-saving irrigation system proposed by the present invention.
In figure: 1 solar cell array, 2 fluid reservoirs, 3 first pump machines, 4 first connecting tubes, 5 motors, 6 second connecting tubes, 7 Control cabinet, 8 water collecting funnels, 9 filter pads, 10 protective nets, 11 overflow pipes, 12 buoyancy ball valves, 13 rainwater collection pools, 14 second pumps Machine, 15 water receiving pipes, 16 water-level gauges, 17 densimeters, 18 solenoid valves, 19 third connecting tubes, 20 third pump machines, 21 blenders, 22 masters Pipe, 23 branch pipes, 24 drip irrigation emitters, 25 humidity sensors, 26 batteries, 27 blending tanks.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.
Embodiment one
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of water-saving irrigation system, including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, drip irrigation appliance, Control cabinet 7, rain collector include rainwater collection pool 13, are equipped with water inlet pipe at the top of rainwater collection pool 13, water inlet pipe lower end is set There is buoyancy ball valve 12;
Drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor 22 and humidity sensor 25, is responsible on 22 and is equidistantly connected with multiple branch pipes 23, on branch pipe 23 It is evenly arranged with drip irrigation emitter 24, humidity sensor 25 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7;
Nutrient fertilization device includes blending tank 27, passes through the first connecting tube 4 on blending tank 27 and is connected with fluid reservoir 2, the first connection Pipe 4 is equipped with the first pump machine 3, and blending tank 27 is connect with rainwater collection pool 13 by the second connecting tube 6, set in the second connecting tube 6 There is the second pump machine 14,27 upper end of blending tank is equipped with motor 5, and 5 output shaft of motor is through blending tank 27 and is fixedly connected with stirring Device 21, blending tank 27 are connect by third connecting tube 19 with supervisor 22, and third connecting tube 19 is equipped with third pump machine 20, and first connects Adapter tube 4, the second connecting tube 6 are equipped with solenoid valve 18 in third connecting tube 19.
In the present invention, water receiving pipe 15 is connected in the second connecting tube 6.Water-level gauge 16, densimeter are equipped with inside blending tank 27 17.The upper end of rainwater collection pool 13 is fixedly connected with water collecting funnel 8, and the upper end of water collecting funnel 8 is fixedly connected with protective net 10, collection The interior bottom of hyponome 8 is equipped with filter pad 9.The side wall of water collecting funnel 8 is equipped with overflow pipe 11.Energy saver includes solar energy hair Electric appliance 1, battery 26, solar cell array 1 are electrically connected with battery 26, and battery 26 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7, are this system Carry out auxiliary power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Using the irrigation method of above-mentioned water-saving irrigation system, comprising the following steps:
S1 lays drip irrigation appliance: branch pipe 23 being laid in agricultural soil, branch pipe 23 is embedded in 5cm in soil, 23 spacing of branch pipe 30cm, humidity sensor 25 are uniformly distributed in the soil;
S2, rainwater catchment system: rainwater concentration is guided in rainwater collection pool 13 by water collecting funnel 8 and is stored by the rainy day, And rainwater is filtered by filter pad 9, when storing full water in rainwater collection pool 13, buoyancy ball valve 12 is closed, extra rain Water is discharged by overflow pipe 11;
S3, humidity detection are irrigated: being monitored by the humidity sensor 25 of setting in the soil to soil moisture, when soil is wet When degree is lower than 80%, is issued to control cabinet 7 and irrigate signal, the electromagnetism in second connecting tube 6 of the control of control cabinet 7, third connecting tube 19 Valve 18 is opened, and starts the second pump machine 14, third pump machine 20, can be pumped out the water in rainwater collection pool 13, and be delivered to master Pipe 22, branch pipe 23 until carrying out trickle irrigation by drip irrigation emitter 24, and keep each irrigation time 30 minutes, close after irrigation A solenoid valve 18 and pump machine;
S4, regular nutrient fertilization: solenoid valve 18 and the second pump machine 14 in the second connecting tube 6 of starting, it will be in rainwater collection pool 13 Water input blending tank 27 in, injected water volume is monitored by water-level gauge 16, water close in place solenoid valve 18 and second pump Machine 14, starts solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 in the first connecting tube 4, and blending tank 27 is added in concentrated nutrient solution in fluid reservoir 2 In, solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 are turned off, motor 5 is started, driving blender 21 is stirred mixing, obtains dilution nutrition Liquid starts solenoid valve 18 and third pump machine 20 in third connecting tube 19, and dilution nutrient solution is pumped out carry out fertigation.
Embodiment two
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of water-saving irrigation system, including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, drip irrigation appliance, Control cabinet 7, rain collector include rainwater collection pool 13, are equipped with water inlet pipe at the top of rainwater collection pool 13, water inlet pipe lower end is set There is buoyancy ball valve 12;
Drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor 22 and humidity sensor 25, is responsible on 22 and is equidistantly connected with multiple branch pipes 23, on branch pipe 23 It is evenly arranged with drip irrigation emitter 24, humidity sensor 25 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7;
Nutrient fertilization device includes blending tank 27, passes through the first connecting tube 4 on blending tank 27 and is connected with fluid reservoir 2, the first connection Pipe 4 is equipped with the first pump machine 3, and blending tank 27 is connect with rainwater collection pool 13 by the second connecting tube 6, set in the second connecting tube 6 There is the second pump machine 14,27 upper end of blending tank is equipped with motor 5, and 5 output shaft of motor is through blending tank 27 and is fixedly connected with stirring Device 21, blending tank 27 are connect by third connecting tube 19 with supervisor 22, and third connecting tube 19 is equipped with third pump machine 20, and first connects Adapter tube 4, the second connecting tube 6 are equipped with solenoid valve 18 in third connecting tube 19.
In the present invention, water receiving pipe 15 is connected in the second connecting tube 6.Water-level gauge 16, densimeter are equipped with inside blending tank 27 17.The upper end of rainwater collection pool 13 is fixedly connected with water collecting funnel 8, and the upper end of water collecting funnel 8 is fixedly connected with protective net 10, collection The interior bottom of hyponome 8 is equipped with filter pad 9.The side wall of water collecting funnel 8 is equipped with overflow pipe 11.Energy saver includes solar energy hair Electric appliance 1, battery 26, solar cell array 1 are electrically connected with battery 26, and battery 26 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7, are this system Carry out auxiliary power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Using the irrigation method of above-mentioned water-saving irrigation system, comprising the following steps:
S1 lays drip irrigation appliance: branch pipe 23 is laid in agricultural soil, and branch pipe 23 is embedded in 10cm in soil, between branch pipe 23 Away from 50cm, humidity sensor 25 is uniformly distributed in the soil;
S2, rainwater catchment system: rainwater concentration is guided in rainwater collection pool 13 by water collecting funnel 8 and is stored by the rainy day, And rainwater is filtered by filter pad 9, when storing full water in rainwater collection pool 13, buoyancy ball valve 12 is closed, extra rain Water is discharged by overflow pipe 11;
S3, humidity detection are irrigated: being monitored by the humidity sensor 25 of setting in the soil to soil moisture, when soil is wet When degree is lower than 80%, is issued to control cabinet 7 and irrigate signal, the electromagnetism in second connecting tube 6 of the control of control cabinet 7, third connecting tube 19 Valve 18 is opened, and starts the second pump machine 14, third pump machine 20, can be pumped out the water in rainwater collection pool 13, and be delivered to master Pipe 22, branch pipe 23 until carrying out trickle irrigation by drip irrigation emitter 24, and keep each irrigation time 40 minutes, close after irrigation A solenoid valve 18 and pump machine;
S4, regular nutrient fertilization: solenoid valve 18 and the second pump machine 14 in the second connecting tube 6 of starting, it will be in rainwater collection pool 13 Water input blending tank 27 in, injected water volume is monitored by water-level gauge 16, water close in place solenoid valve 18 and second pump Machine 14, starts solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 in the first connecting tube 4, and blending tank 27 is added in concentrated nutrient solution in fluid reservoir 2 In, solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 are turned off, motor 5 is started, driving blender 21 is stirred mixing, obtains dilution nutrition Liquid starts solenoid valve 18 and third pump machine 20 in third connecting tube 19, and dilution nutrient solution is pumped out carry out fertigation.
Embodiment three
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of water-saving irrigation system, including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, drip irrigation appliance, Control cabinet 7, rain collector include rainwater collection pool 13, are equipped with water inlet pipe at the top of rainwater collection pool 13, water inlet pipe lower end is set There is buoyancy ball valve 12;
Drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor 22 and humidity sensor 25, is responsible on 22 and is equidistantly connected with multiple branch pipes 23, on branch pipe 23 It is evenly arranged with drip irrigation emitter 24, humidity sensor 25 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7;
Nutrient fertilization device includes blending tank 27, passes through the first connecting tube 4 on blending tank 27 and is connected with fluid reservoir 2, the first connection Pipe 4 is equipped with the first pump machine 3, and blending tank 27 is connect with rainwater collection pool 13 by the second connecting tube 6, set in the second connecting tube 6 There is the second pump machine 14,27 upper end of blending tank is equipped with motor 5, and 5 output shaft of motor is through blending tank 27 and is fixedly connected with stirring Device 21, blending tank 27 are connect by third connecting tube 19 with supervisor 22, and third connecting tube 19 is equipped with third pump machine 20, and first connects Adapter tube 4, the second connecting tube 6 are equipped with solenoid valve 18 in third connecting tube 19.
In the present invention, water receiving pipe 15 is connected in the second connecting tube 6.Water-level gauge 16, densimeter are equipped with inside blending tank 27 17.The upper end of rainwater collection pool 13 is fixedly connected with water collecting funnel 8, and the upper end of water collecting funnel 8 is fixedly connected with protective net 10, collection The interior bottom of hyponome 8 is equipped with filter pad 9.The side wall of water collecting funnel 8 is equipped with overflow pipe 11.Energy saver includes solar energy hair Electric appliance 1, battery 26, solar cell array 1 are electrically connected with battery 26, and battery 26 is electrically connected with control cabinet 7, are this system Carry out auxiliary power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Using the irrigation method of above-mentioned water-saving irrigation system, comprising the following steps:
S1 lays drip irrigation appliance: branch pipe 23 being laid in agricultural soil, branch pipe 23 is embedded in 8cm in soil, 23 spacing of branch pipe 40cm, humidity sensor 25 are uniformly distributed in the soil;
S2, rainwater catchment system: rainwater concentration is guided in rainwater collection pool 13 by water collecting funnel 8 and is stored by the rainy day, And rainwater is filtered by filter pad 9, when storing full water in rainwater collection pool 13, buoyancy ball valve 12 is closed, extra rain Water is discharged by overflow pipe 11;
S3, humidity detection are irrigated: being monitored by the humidity sensor 25 of setting in the soil to soil moisture, when soil is wet When degree is lower than 80%, is issued to control cabinet 7 and irrigate signal, the electromagnetism in second connecting tube 6 of the control of control cabinet 7, third connecting tube 19 Valve 18 is opened, and starts the second pump machine 14, third pump machine 20, can be pumped out the water in rainwater collection pool 13, and be delivered to master Pipe 22, branch pipe 23 until carrying out trickle irrigation by drip irrigation emitter 24, and keep each irrigation time 35 minutes, close after irrigation A solenoid valve 18 and pump machine;
S4, regular nutrient fertilization: solenoid valve 18 and the second pump machine 14 in the second connecting tube 6 of starting, it will be in rainwater collection pool 13 Water input blending tank 27 in, injected water volume is monitored by water-level gauge 16, water close in place solenoid valve 18 and second pump Machine 14, starts solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 in the first connecting tube 4, and blending tank 27 is added in concentrated nutrient solution in fluid reservoir 2 In, solenoid valve 18 and the first pump machine 3 are turned off, motor 5 is started, driving blender 21 is stirred mixing, obtains dilution nutrition Liquid starts solenoid valve 18 and third pump machine 20 in third connecting tube 19, and dilution nutrient solution is pumped out carry out fertigation.
More than, it is merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, it is any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its invents Design is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of water-saving irrigation system, which is characterized in that including rain collector, nutrient fertilization device, energy saver, trickle irrigation Device, control cabinet (7), the rain collector include rainwater collection pool (13), are equipped at the top of the rainwater collection pool (13) Water inlet pipe, the water inlet pipe lower end are equipped with buoyancy ball valve (12);
The drip irrigation appliance includes supervisor (22) and humidity sensor (25), is equidistantly connected with multiple on the supervisor (22) It manages (23), is evenly arranged with drip irrigation emitter (24) on the branch pipe (23), the humidity sensor (25) is electrically connected with control cabinet (7) It connects.
2. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the nutrient fertilization device includes mixing Tank (27) is connected with fluid reservoir (2) on the blending tank (27) by the first connecting tube (4), is set on first connecting tube (4) Have the first pump machine (3), the blending tank (27) is connect by the second connecting tube (6) with rainwater collection pool (13), and described second connects It takes over (6) and is equipped with the second pump machine (14), blending tank (27) upper end is equipped with motor (5), and motor (5) output shaft passes through It wears blending tank (27) and is fixedly connected with blender (21), the blending tank (27) passes through third connecting tube (19) and supervisor (22) Connection, the third connecting tube (19) are equipped with third pump machine (20), first connecting tube (4), the second connecting tube (6), the Solenoid valve (18) are equipped in three connecting tubes (19).
3. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that connected on second connecting tube (6) There are water receiving pipe (15).
4. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be equipped with water inside the blending tank (27) Position meter (16), densimeter (17).
5. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the upper end of the rainwater collection pool (13) It is fixedly connected with water collecting funnel (8), the upper end of the water collecting funnel (8) is fixedly connected with protective net (10), the water collecting funnel (8) interior bottom is equipped with filter pad (9).
6. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that on the side wall of the water collecting funnel (8) Equipped with overflow pipe (11).
7. a kind of water-saving irrigation system according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the energy saver includes solar energy hair Electric appliance (1), battery (26), the solar cell array (1) are electrically connected with battery (26), the battery (26) and control Case (7) electrical connection.
8. a kind of irrigation method of water-saving irrigation system, which comprises the following steps:
S1 lays drip irrigation appliance: branch pipe (23) is laid in agricultural soil, and branch pipe (23) is embedded in 5-10cm in soil, branch (23) spacing 30-50cm is managed, humidity sensor (25) is uniformly distributed in the soil;
S2, rainwater catchment system: rainwater concentration is guided in rainwater collection pool (13) by water collecting funnel (8) and is deposited by the rainy day Storage, and rainwater is filtered by filter pad (9), in rainwater collection pool (13) when storage full water, buoyancy ball valve (12) is closed, Extra rainwater is discharged by overflow pipe (11);
S3, humidity detection are irrigated: being monitored by the humidity sensor (25) of setting in the soil to soil moisture, worked as soil It when humidity is lower than 80%, is issued to control cabinet (7) and irrigates signal, control cabinet (7) controls the second connecting tube (6), third connecting tube (19) solenoid valve (18) on is opened, and starts the second pump machine (14), third pump machine (20), can will be in rainwater collection pool (13) Water pump out, and be delivered to supervisor (22), branch pipe (23), until carrying out trickle irrigation by drip irrigation emitter (24), and keep irrigating every time Time 30-40 minute closes a solenoid valve (18) and pump machine after irrigation;
S4, regular nutrient fertilization: solenoid valve (18) and the second pump machine (14) in starting the second connecting tube (6), by rainwater-collecting In water input blending tank (27) in pond (13), injected water volume is monitored by water-level gauge (16), water closes electromagnetism in place Valve (18) and the second pump machine (14) start solenoid valve (18) and the first pump machine (3) on the first connecting tube (4), by fluid reservoir (2) Middle concentrated nutrient solution is added in blending tank (27), turns off solenoid valve (18) and the first pump machine (3), starts motor (5), driving is stirred It mixes device (21) and is stirred mixing, obtain dilution nutrient solution, solenoid valve (18) and third pump in starting third connecting tube (19) Dilution nutrient solution is pumped out carry out fertigation by machine (20).
CN201910586178.1A 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method Pending CN110178698A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910586178.1A CN110178698A (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910586178.1A CN110178698A (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110178698A true CN110178698A (en) 2019-08-30

Family

ID=67724491

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910586178.1A Pending CN110178698A (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110178698A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622670A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-31 江苏省农业科学院 Fertilization irrigation system based on thing networking
CN110754193A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-07 上海微润信息科技有限公司 Internet-based intelligent home gardening irrigation system and control method thereof
CN110839453A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-28 吉林省农业科学院 Water-saving irrigation system capable of controlling dry shed
CN111691502A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 淄博职业学院 Energy-conserving water supply installation of mechatronic for agriculture and forestry are irrigated
CN111837881A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-30 江苏食品药品职业技术学院 Water-saving environment-friendly automatic irrigation device
CN112492945A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-03-16 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Integrated equipment is used in mountain leek field management
CN112640642A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-04-13 胡丹萍 Ecological cycle's automatic watering device of perpendicular building pattern of agricultural
CN112913557A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-06-08 中交广州水运工程设计研究院有限公司 Ecological restoration method for damaged bare land of non-residential island

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622670A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-31 江苏省农业科学院 Fertilization irrigation system based on thing networking
CN110754193A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-07 上海微润信息科技有限公司 Internet-based intelligent home gardening irrigation system and control method thereof
CN110839453A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-28 吉林省农业科学院 Water-saving irrigation system capable of controlling dry shed
CN111691502A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 淄博职业学院 Energy-conserving water supply installation of mechatronic for agriculture and forestry are irrigated
CN111837881A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-30 江苏食品药品职业技术学院 Water-saving environment-friendly automatic irrigation device
CN112640642A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-04-13 胡丹萍 Ecological cycle's automatic watering device of perpendicular building pattern of agricultural
CN112492945A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-03-16 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Integrated equipment is used in mountain leek field management
CN112913557A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-06-08 中交广州水运工程设计研究院有限公司 Ecological restoration method for damaged bare land of non-residential island

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110178698A (en) A kind of water-saving irrigation system and irrigation method
CN205813035U (en) A kind of solar powered gardens rainwater irrigation equipment
CN205922255U (en) Integrated device is irrigated to liquid manure for warmhouse booth
CN106818417A (en) A kind of agricultural irrigation device
CN105613135A (en) Greenhouse water, fertilizer, air and heat integrated intelligent irrigation system
CN201640116U (en) Rainwater-collecting irrigation system based on solar energy
CN209449221U (en) A kind of water-fertilizer integral automatic irrigation system based on Internet of Things
CN206212866U (en) A kind of water-fertilizer integral irrigation system
CN106258837A (en) A kind of automatic watering function system
CN108271495A (en) A kind of solar energy water-fertilizer integral field irrigation fertilizer apparatus
CN106342597A (en) Multifunctional water and fertilizer integration irrigation system
CN101273703A (en) Full-automatic energy-saving water-saving infiltrating irrigation device
CN209330600U (en) A kind of water-fertilizer integral irrigation sprinkler
CN205431356U (en) Automatic device of driping irrigation in road green area
CN203505036U (en) Drip irrigation equipment
CN207011417U (en) Ornamental plant curing means
CN210641767U (en) Photovoltaic energy-saving ecological garden rainwater cyclic utilization system
CN208227697U (en) A kind of solar energy water-fertilizer integral field irrigation fertilizer apparatus
CN208113601U (en) A kind of automatic watering device of greenbelt
CN207911350U (en) Solar energy energy-saving irrigation system
CN110731251A (en) crop irrigation device and irrigation method
Xiaochu et al. Engineering quality control of solar-powered intelligent water-saving irrigation
CN207505582U (en) A kind of vinyl house crops watering device
CN108782170A (en) A kind of agricultural irrigation device
CN206227188U (en) A kind of multi-functional water-fertilizer integral irrigation system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination