CN109984344A - Artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off system integration standard workshop and process flow - Google Patents

Artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off system integration standard workshop and process flow Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109984344A
CN109984344A CN201910243348.6A CN201910243348A CN109984344A CN 109984344 A CN109984344 A CN 109984344A CN 201910243348 A CN201910243348 A CN 201910243348A CN 109984344 A CN109984344 A CN 109984344A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cashew nut
shell
machine
kernel
weighing
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CN201910243348.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阮向朋
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Beijing Wanston Fruit Group Co Ltd
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Beijing Wanston Fruit Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Wanston Fruit Group Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Wanston Fruit Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910243348.6A priority Critical patent/CN109984344A/en
Publication of CN109984344A publication Critical patent/CN109984344A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L25/00Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L25/20Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof consisting of whole seeds or seed fragments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2201/00Details applicable to machines for screening using sieves or gratings
    • B07B2201/04Multiple deck screening devices comprising one or more superimposed screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C2501/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material to be sorted
    • B07C2501/0081Sorting of food items

Abstract

The invention belongs to cashew nut processing technique fields, it peels off system integration standard workshop and process flow more particularly to a kind of artificial intelligence cashew nut, including workshop, cashew nut kernel working area, cashew nut shell working area and stream of people channel are set in workshop, is also sequentially arranged in the workshop and is evaporated system, conveyer system, system of peeling off, separation system and color sorting screening system;The present invention carries out the improvement of equipment and the innovation of production technology for the important procedure in Cashew Production process, company improves production efficiency while reducing production cost, not only production efficiency has increased significantly, and breakage rate, the rate of perfect kernel of product are superior to manually peel off, fully achieve mechanization, the automation of Cashew Production, solve the low output of cashew nut manufacture field, the problems such as kernel breaking rate is high, the system that will peel off is implanted into small intelligent standard workshop, realizes artificial intelligence and counts and count.

Description

Artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off system integration standard workshop and process flow
Technical field
The invention belongs to cashew nut processing technique fields, and in particular to a kind of artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off system integration standard vehicle Between and process flow.
Background technique
Cashew nut is Anacardiaceae, and the fruit of Anacardium perennial plant is one of big famous nut in the world four, and fruit is kidney Shape, source area are Tropical Africa, and major producing country is Brazil, India, smooth mulberry Bick, Tanzania etc., China Hainan and Yunnan Deng also there is plantation.Cashew nut is a kind of full of nutrition, dry fruit of sweet flavor, can be edible when snacks, and can be made into delicious food. Cashew nut product has cashew nut kernel, cashew nut shell and cashew apple.Cashew nut consumption in China's depends on import mostly, and imported product is mainly cashew nut Benevolence, wherein most to ASEAN countries' import headed by Vietnam.Chinese about 60,000 tons of import of cashew nut kernel in 2009, it has also become the whole world the Two big cashew nut kernel demand states, annual demand are incremented by 15%-20%, it is contemplated that arriving the year two thousand twenty is more than 300,000 tons.But China is not big Cashew nut processing base, main processing base concentrates on Vietnam and India in world wide.And Vietnam, India cashew nut raw material 50% comes from East Africa.Although accounting for the one third of Gross World Product as the African cashew nut yield in another main producing region of world's cashew nut, But due to historical factor, wherein 80% raw cashew nut is further processed as material outlet to India and Vietnam and other places.Currently, by China is from the direct imported raw material in Africa, after being processed into the products such as cashew nut kernel, cashew nut shell oil, anacardol, market sale at home Situation is also less.
This is mainly due to cashew nut manufacturing procedure is cumbersome, successively 20 multiple working procedure, process of especially peeling off, full-automation are set It is standby very expensive, largely limit to processing production capacity, the production technology that domestic cashew nut processing enterprise largely uses at present It is to open shell process after thermophilic digestion, adds artificial sunning, is stepped on based on decorticator peels off with artificial single foot, separation of hull from kernel is carried out artificial The separation of sorting, whole benevolence and half benevolence is also manual sorting, does not form complete equipment production line, and mainly workshop-based adds Work.The process equipment of use is the obsolete equipment of last century the nineties production mostly, very high to artificial degree of dependence, waste A large amount of manpower and material resources, under production efficiency.And unrefined cashew nut shell is used directly as fuel in its digestion process, Not only it had wasted resource but also polluted environment.
To sum up, it solves domestic cashew nut processing and formulates the technological process of production of complete set, realize the artificial intelligence of continuous-flow type Workshop Production operation can be integrated, then at the Chinese cashew nut manufacture field problem to be solved of solution.
Summary of the invention
It peels off the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of artificial intelligence cashew nut System integration standard workshop and process flow realize continuous-flow type artificial intelligence and integrate Workshop Production operation, be able to carry out people Work Intelligent-counting and statistics, can greatly improving production efficiency, improve production quality, reduce production cost, improve food peace Entirely.
Artificial intelligence cashew nut of the present invention is peeled off system integration standard workshop, including workshop, is set in workshop Cashew nut kernel working area, cashew nut shell working area and stream of people channel are set, also sequentially arranges the system that is evaporated, transmission system in the workshop It unites, system of peeling off, separation system and color sorting screening system.
The system that is evaporated includes the vibration vertical elevator set gradually, digester, inclined elevator, draining air-dry machine Weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor, the vibration vertical elevator front end setting count scanning device, transport the shell for the standard weights come It posts weight calculation code on the outside of cashew nut woven bag, after memory barcode scanning, is passed to entire information system;Shake the discharge port of vertical elevator Be connected with the feed inlet of digester, the feed opening of digester is located at the top of inclined elevator, the draining air-dry machine it is upper End is provided with the Power Component of driving draining air-dry machine movement;
The conveyer system includes weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor, and the weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor is arranged in draining wind The upper end setting multiple groups in the exit of dry machine, weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor have enough to meet the need hopper;It is set on weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor It is equipped with weighing system, the turnover box for filling with cashew nut can be weighed, after weighing, printing weighing code can be attached to turnover material Case has enough to meet the need on hopper.
The system of peeling off includes the multiple groups air pressure decorticator that weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor two sides are arranged in;Air pressure is peeled off Scanning device is installed, after the completion of manually opening shell, the weighing code that can carry out having enough to meet the need on hopper turnover hopper carries out barcode scanning on machine It counts, is passed to entire information system, carry out artificial intelligence counting statistics.
The separation system includes the first double-deck vibration screening machine, winnowing machine, the second double-deck vibration screening set gradually The achievement outlet of machine, third bilayer vibration screening machine and cashew nut shell sorting machine, the described first double-deck vibration screening machine is linked into The inferior fruit discharge port of conveyer belt, the first double-deck vibration screening machine is linked into winnowing machine, and the discharge port of winnowing machine is linked into second pair Layer vibration screening machine, the achievement outlet of the second double-deck vibration screening machine are linked into conveyer belt, the fruit of the second double-deck vibration screening machine Air duct is arranged in shell exit, and the outlet of air duct is set to cashew nut shell working area, and the achievement of the third bilayer vibration screening machine goes out Mouth is linked into conveyer belt, and the achievement outlet shell outlet of third bilayer vibration screening machine is linked into cashew nut shell sorting machine;
The color sorting screening system includes color selector and kernel screening machine, and the conveyer belt accesses the feeding inlet of color selector, The discharge port of color selector accesses kernel screening machine, and kernel screening machine is mounted below weighing system, by screening machine collective low Whole benevolence, half benevolence carry out standard weights collection, and weighing patch code is carried out after collection, is passed to entire information system after carrying out barcode scanning, into Pedestrian's work Intelligent-counting statistics.It is calculated by the artificial intelligence of information system, can completely calculate the integrated one day shell in workshop Cashew nut yield, everyone opens shell amount, whole benevolence weight, broken benevolence weight, and can completely calculate that integrated workshop cashew nut peels off goes out Benevolence rate and rate of perfect kernel.
Preferably, cashew nut shell sorting machine includes chassis, the top setting shaking assembly and bracket of chassis, the upper end point of bracket Lower layer's compass screen surface, middle layer compass screen surface and the upper layer compass screen surface that She Zhi not be mutually fixedly connected by compass screen surface connecting plate, the shaking assembly include The driving motor and fixed bearing block of chassis upper end are set, be respectively set on fixed bearing block be connected by connecting shaft it is inclined Heart wheel and belt pulley, the driving motor and belt pulley are mutually sequentially connected by belt, and eccentric wheel is connected to pull rod, pull rod it is another Side is connected to lower layer's compass screen surface by connecting bump rubber.
Preferably, winnowing machine includes barrel, and inlet port and outlet port, the lower end setting of barrel is respectively set in the two sides of barrel Air inlet, the external blower of air inlet.
Preferably, the lower end of inclined elevator and draining air-dry machine is respectively provided with get water bucket.
Preferably, station is arranged in the side of air pressure decorticator, and turnover hopper is placed on station.
The artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off the process flow in system integration standard workshop, comprising the following steps:
1), recognition of face: by employee information typing face identification system of the training after qualified, the employee of input system passes through Recognition of face just can enter workshop, into related manufacturing procedure;Nonnative personnel cannot pass through recognition of face, Bu Nengjin Enter workshop workshop;
2), material is into factory: all shell cashew nuts being classified carry out standard weights and enter workshop, and each woven bag On post weight count code;
3), barcode scanning counts: vibration vertical elevator front end is equipped with counting scanning device, transports the shell waist for the standard weights come Weight calculation code is posted on the outside of fruit woven bag, after carrying out barcode scanning, afferent message system;
4), vibration is promoted: the raw cashew nut after barcode scanning being poured into the hopper on vibration vertical elevator, by shaking cloth Uniform feeding is carried out, by shaking vertical elevator, mentions in digester, entrance is sealed;
5), boiling: digester lower part Draw off valve is opened, while starting digester, when gas fired-boiler reaches certain pressure Afterwards, digester steam valve is first opened, while after gas meter is adjusted to 3-4 kilograms of pressure, then opens and leads to digester inner valve, steamed Saucepan gas meter is adjusted to 2 kilograms of pressure, clocks simultaneously;Observe the whether outside flowing water of boiler Draw off valve, etc. water flows it is empty after, first beat Roller exhaust valve is opened, closes Draw off valve afterwards, starting roller was stirred, while paying attention to air pressure change, by 22-26 minutes Afterwards, closed drum stirs, and closes boiler air inlet total valve, opens drain tap, while tolerance gauge pressure is zeroed, and pays attention to discharging valve Door goes to lower part and discharges water, and water closes Draw off valve after draining, and by digestion process, shell cashew nut is expanded, waist may be implemented The separation of shell benevolence, is no longer sticked together;
6), blowing is promoted: being opened digester drain hole, while being started inclined elevator, digester material is carried out uniform Blowing, promotion;
7), draining air-dries: the cashew nut uniform lift after boiling to draining air-dry machine inlet is opened drip by inclined elevator Water air-dry machine, opens simultaneously fan, and cooling is blowed, and dries up the moisture on cashew nut surface and reduces surface temperature, the water blown off Drop is collected by the get water bucket that draining mesh belt flows into lower section, carries out being discharged into trench by water receiving pipe after collection;
8), weighing patch code: draining air-dry machine exit is connected to weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor, weighing barcode scanning rolling bar conveying By unpowered rolling bar, rolling bar has been placed above turnover hopper and can carry out after turnover hopper fills boiling shell cashew nut for machine front Unpowered push is pushed to weighing instrument up, carries out weighing patch code, push-in weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor after weighing patch code;
9), power transmission and feeding: by push-in weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor after turnover hopper weighing patch code, power is carried out Material is carried out feeding, is placed on air pressure decorticator station by conveying after being transported to position of manually peeling off;
10), barcode scanning counts: after the turnover hopper of weighing patch code is placed on station, passing through air pressure decorticator side Scanning device carries out barcode scanning, carries out weight counting, afferent message system;
11) it, peels off: material being placed in the cutter groove of air pressure decorticator, inputted, passed by the signal that foot steps on floor push Enter cylinder to move downward, push type broach is pushed to depress material, shell cashew nut passes through the segmentation of cutter groove inner blade, and cashew nut shell is cut It opens, the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer;
12), shell benevolence conveys: the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer, is promoted, is mentioned by magazine conveyer It is raised on the first double-deck vibration screening machine;
13), primary vibration separation: the shell benevolence mixture after opening shell carries out vibration on the first double-deck vibration screening machine and walks Material, wherein cashew nut kernel falls into middle layer by upper layer compass screen surface sieve pore, and the shell benevolence powder being entrained among cashew nut kernel passes through middle layer Compass screen surface sieves, and falls into bottom, and impurity powder is collected by powder by bottom fishplate bar;
14), selection by winnowing: the cashew nut shell on upper layer, does not open fruit at side fruit, passes through wind into winnowing machine by sieving for compass screen surface Machine is blown, and cashew nut shell is suitable for reading by winnowing machine, falls into the second double-deck vibration screening machine, and bottom sides fruit does not open fruit, then passes through Blower is blown, and is blown into third bilayer vibration screening machine, and by beating bucket, side fruit is carried out separation of hull from kernel;
15) it, secondary vibration separation: is carried out using the second double-deck vibration screening machine identical dynamic with primary vibration separation process Make;
16) it, vibration separation three times: is carried out using third bilayer vibration screening machine identical dynamic with primary vibration separation process Make;
17), shell is classified: by rolling bar grader, by shell, side fruit, not driving capable classification into, shell is received Collection, falls into hopper, enters and leaves the second double-deck vibration screening machine by blower and carries out, side fruit falls into turnover hopper and individually received Collection;Fruit is not opened to export from cashew nut shell sorting machine end, is collected;
18), shell is collected: all shells are exported by the second double-deck vibration screening machine upper layer, fall into collection material In bucket, carry out being blown into cashew nut shell working area by blower;
19), kernel promotes conveying: the first double-deck vibration screening machine, the second double-deck vibration screening machine, third bilayer reciprocating sieve The kernel for selecting the middle layer compass screen surface on machine to convey, falls into magazine elevator, is promoted to color sorting machine inlet by magazine elevator;
20), color sorting: opening color selector, start to sort, and the impurity of bottom is carried out magazine collection, qualified kernel is fallen into To magazine elevator;
21), kernel screens: falling into magazine elevator by the kernel after color selector, by conveying hoisting, falls into kernel sieve Machine is selected, the screening of whole half benevolence of Renhe is carried out, is collected respectively;
22), weighing counts;Kernel screening machine is mounted below weighing system, by the whole benevolence of kernel screening machine collective low, Half benevolence carries out standard weights collection, and weighing patch code is carried out after collection, afferent message system after barcode scanning is carried out, carries out artificial intelligence Counting statistics are calculated by the artificial intelligence of information system, complete to calculate the integrated one day shell cashew nut yield in workshop, everyone Open shell amount, whole benevolence weight, broken benevolence weight, the complete kernel percent and rate of perfect kernel for calculating integrated workshop cashew nut and peeling off.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the beneficial effects that
The present invention carries out the improvement of equipment and the innovation of production technology for the important procedure in Cashew Production process, Company improves production efficiency while reducing production cost, and not only production efficiency has increased significantly, but also product Breakage rate, rate of perfect kernel are superior to manually peel off, and fully achieve mechanization, the automation of Cashew Production, solve cashew nut processing neck The problems such as low output in domain, kernel breaking rate is high, the system that will peel off are implanted into small intelligent standard workshop, realize artificial intelligence counting And statistics, company+village co op's mode is taken, centered on central processing facility, surrounding rural processing is copied to extensively, both expanded Big production capacity reduces company operation cost, solves surplus rural labor force, while realizing the win-win situation of accurate poverty alleviation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention is evaporated system structure diagram;
Fig. 3 is cashew nut shell separator structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is shaking assembly structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is winnowing machine structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure: 1, being evaporated system;2, workshop;3, conveyer belt;4, stream of people channel;5, air pressure decorticator;6, station; 7, hopper is had enough to meet the need;8, the first double-deck vibration screening machine;9, color selector;10, third bilayer shakes screening machine;11, delivery port;12, Winnowing machine;13, conveyer belt;14, the second double-deck vibration screening machine;15, blower;16, cashew nut shell sorting machine;17, cashew nut kernel is temporary Area;18, air duct;19, kernel screening machine;20, cashew nut shell working area;21, digester;22, inclined elevator;23, draining air-dries Machine;24, bracket is air-dried;25, Power Component;26, weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor;27, get water bucket;28, vertical-lift is shaken Machine;29, upper layer compass screen surface;30, middle layer compass screen surface;31, lower layer's compass screen surface;32, chassis;33, belt;34, driving motor;35, compass screen surface connects Fishplate bar;36, bump rubber is connected;37, pull rod;38, limited block is locked;39, connecting shaft;40, eccentric wheel;41, fixing axle Hold seat;42, belt pulley;43, discharge port;44, air inlet;45, feed inlet.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described further with reference to the accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figs. 1-5, artificial intelligence cashew nut of the present invention is peeled off system integration standard workshop, including workshop 2, Setting cashew nut kernel working area 17, cashew nut shell working area 20 and stream of people channel 4 in workshop 2, in the workshop 2 also sequentially Arrangement is evaporated system 1, conveyer system, system of peeling off, separation system and color sorting screening system.
The system 1 that is evaporated includes the vibration vertical elevator 28 set gradually, digester 21, inclined elevator 22, drip The weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26 of water air-dry machine 23,28 front end of the vibration vertical elevator setting count scanning device, and transport comes Standard weights shell cashew nut woven bag on the outside of post weight calculation code, after memory barcode scanning, be passed to entire information system;Vibration is vertical The discharge port 43 of elevator 28 is connected with the feed inlet 45 of digester 21, and the feed opening of digester 21 is located at inclined elevator 22 top, the mesh belt air-dry machine include air-drying bracket 24, and the end for air-drying bracket 24 is provided with driving mesh belt air-dry machine 23 The Power Component 25 of movement;
The conveyer system includes weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26, and conveyer belt is arranged on barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26 of weighing 3, the exit of draining air-dry machine 23 is arranged in the weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26, the upper of barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26 of weighing End setting multiple groups have enough to meet the need hopper 7;It is provided with weighing system on weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26, can will fill with the turnover of cashew nut Case is weighed, and after weighing, printing weighing code can be attached to turnover hopper 7 and have enough to meet the need on hopper 7.
The system of peeling off includes the multiple groups air pressure decorticator 5 that weighing 26 two sides of barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor are arranged in;Air pressure Scanning device is installed on decorticator 5, after the completion of manually opening shell, can carry out having enough to meet the need hopper 7 have enough to meet the need weighing code on hopper 7 into Row barcode scanning counts, and is passed to entire information system, carries out artificial intelligence counting statistics.
The separation system includes the first double-deck vibration screening machine 8, the double-deck reciprocating sieve of winnowing machine 12, second set gradually Machine 14, third bilayer vibration screening machine 10 and cashew nut shell sorting machine 16 are selected, the achievement of the described first double-deck vibration screening machine 8 goes out Mouth is linked into conveyer belt 13 by delivery port 11, and the inferior fruit discharge port 43 of the first double-deck vibration screening machine 8 is linked into winnowing machine 12, the discharge port 43 of winnowing machine 12 is linked into the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14, and the achievement of the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14 goes out Mouth is linked into conveyer belt 13, and air duct 18, the outlet setting of air duct 18 is arranged in the shell exit of the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14 In cashew nut shell working area 20, the achievement outlet of the third bilayer vibration screening machine 10 is linked into conveyer belt 13, the shake of third bilayer The achievement outlet shell outlet of dynamic screening machine 10 is linked into cashew nut shell sorting machine 16;
The color sorting screening system includes color selector 9 and kernel screening machine 19, and the conveyer belt 13 accesses entering for color selector 9 The discharge port 43 of material mouth, color selector 9 accesses kernel screening machine 19, and kernel screening machine 19 is mounted below weighing system, will screen The whole benevolence of machine collective low, the progress standard weights collection of half benevolence, carry out weighing patch code, are passed to entirely after carrying out barcode scanning after collection Information system carries out artificial intelligence counting statistics.It is calculated by the artificial intelligence of information system, can completely calculate integrated vehicle Between one day shell cashew nut yield, everyone opens shell amount, and whole benevolence weight, broken benevolence weight can completely calculate integrated workshop waist The kernel percent and rate of perfect kernel that fruit is peeled off.
Wherein, cashew nut shell sorting machine 16 includes chassis 32, the top setting shaking assembly and bracket of chassis 32, bracket it is upper Lower layer's compass screen surface 31, middle layer compass screen surface 30 and the upper layer compass screen surface 29 being fixedly connected by 35 phase of compass screen surface connecting plate is respectively set in end, described Shaking assembly includes the driving motor 34 and fixed bearing block 41 that 32 upper end of chassis is arranged in, and is respectively set on fixed bearing block 41 The eccentric wheel 40 and belt pulley 42 being connected by connecting shaft 39, the driving motor 34 pass through 33 phase of belt with belt pulley 42 Transmission connection, the side setting locking limited block 38 of eccentric wheel 40, eccentric wheel 40 are connected to pull rod 37, the other side of pull rod 37 Lower layer's compass screen surface 31 is connected to by connecting bump rubber 36;Winnowing machine 12 includes barrel, and charging is respectively set in the two sides of barrel Air inlet 44, the external blower 15 of air inlet 44 is arranged in the lower end of mouth 45 and discharge port 43, barrel;Inclined elevator 22 and draining wind The lower end of dry machine 23 is respectively provided with get water bucket 27;Station 6 is arranged in the side of air pressure decorticator 5, and turnover hopper 7 is placed in station On 6.
The artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off the process flow in system integration standard workshop, comprising the following steps:
1), recognition of face: by employee information typing face identification system of the training after qualified, the employee of input system passes through Recognition of face just can enter workshop 2, into related manufacturing procedure;Nonnative personnel, cannot be by recognition of face, cannot Into 2 workshop of workshop;
2), material is into factory: all shell cashew nuts being classified carry out standard weights and enter workshop 2, and each braiding Weight count code is posted on bag;
3), barcode scanning counts: vibration 28 front end of vertical elevator is equipped with counting scanning device, transports the shell for the standard weights come Weight calculation code is posted on the outside of cashew nut woven bag, after carrying out barcode scanning, afferent message system;
4), vibration is promoted: the raw cashew nut after barcode scanning being poured into the hopper on vibration vertical elevator 28, by shaking cloth Material carries out uniform feeding, by shaking vertical elevator 28, mentions in digester 21, entrance is sealed;
5), boiling: 21 lower part Draw off valve of digester is opened, while starting digester 21, when gas fired-boiler reaches certain After pressure, 21 steam valve of digester is first opened, while after gas meter is adjusted to 3-4 kilograms of pressure, then open and lead to digester 21 Inner valve, 21 gas meter of digester are adjusted to 2 kilograms of pressure, clock simultaneously;The whether outside flowing water of boiler Draw off valve is observed, water are waited After stream is empty, roller exhaust valve is first opened, closes Draw off valve afterwards, starting roller is stirred, while paying attention to air pressure change, is passed through After 22-26 minutes, boiler air inlet total valve is closed in closed drum stirring, opens drain tap, while tolerance gauge pressure is zeroed, note Draw off valve is gone to lower part and discharged water by meaning, and water closes Draw off valve after draining, and by digestion process, shell cashew nut is expanded, The separation that cashew nut shell benevolence may be implemented, is no longer sticked together;
6), blowing is promoted: open 21 drain hole of digester, while starting inclined elevator 22, by 21 material of digester into The uniform blowing of row, promotion;
7), draining air-dries: inclined elevator 22 by the cashew nut uniform lift after boiling to 23 inlet of draining air-dry machine, Draining air-dry machine 23 is opened, fan is opened simultaneously, cooling is blowed, dry up the moisture on cashew nut surface and reduces surface temperature, The water droplet blown off is collected by the get water bucket 27 that draining mesh belt flows into lower section, carries out being discharged into ground by water receiving pipe after collection Ditch;
8), weighing patch code: 23 exit of draining air-dry machine is connected to weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26, barcode scanning rolling bar of weighing For 26 front of conveyer by unpowered rolling bar, turnover hopper 7 has been placed above in rolling bar, and turnover hopper 7 fills boiling shell cashew nut Afterwards, unpowered push can be carried out, is pushed to weighing instrument up, carries out weighing patch code, push-in weighing barcode scanning rolling after weighing patch code Thick stick conveyer 26;
9), power transmission and feeding: push-in weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor 26 after the turnover weighing patch code of hopper 7 carries out Material is carried out feeding, is placed on 5 station 6 of air pressure decorticator by power transmission after being transported to position of manually peeling off;
10), barcode scanning counts: after the turnover hopper 7 of weighing patch code is placed on station 6, passing through 5 side of air pressure decorticator Scanning device carry out barcode scanning, carry out weight counting, afferent message system;
11) it, peels off: material being placed in the cutter groove of air pressure decorticator 5, inputted by the signal that foot steps on floor push, Incoming cylinder moves downward, and push type broach is pushed to depress material, and shell cashew nut passes through the segmentation of cutter groove inner blade, and cashew nut shell is cut It opens, the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer;
12), shell benevolence conveys: the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer, is promoted, is mentioned by magazine conveyer It is raised on the first double-deck vibration screening machine 8;
13), primary vibration separation: the shell benevolence mixture after opening shell carries out vibration on the first double-deck vibration screening machine 8 and walks Material, wherein cashew nut kernel falls into middle layer by 29 sieve pore of upper layer compass screen surface, and the shell benevolence powder being entrained among cashew nut kernel passes through centre Layer compass screen surface sieves, and falls into bottom, and impurity powder is collected by powder by bottom fishplate bar;
14), selection by winnowing: the cashew nut shell on upper layer, does not open fruit at side fruit, is passed through by sieving for compass screen surface into winnowing machine 12 Blower 15 is blown, and cashew nut shell is suitable for reading by winnowing machine 12, falls into the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14, and bottom sides fruit does not open Fruit is then blown by blower 15, and third bilayer vibration screening machine 10 is blown into, and by beating bucket, side fruit is carried out shell benevolence point From;
15) it, secondary vibration separation: is carried out using the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14 identical with primary vibration separation process Movement;
16) it, vibration separation three times: is carried out using third bilayer vibration screening machine 10 identical with primary vibration separation process Movement;
17), shell is classified: by rolling bar grader, by shell, side fruit, not driving capable classification into, shell is received Collection, falls into hopper, enters and leaves the second double-deck vibration screening machine 14 by blower 15 and carries out, side fruit falls into turnover hopper 7 and carries out list Solely collect;Fruit is not opened to export from 16 end of cashew nut shell sorting machine, is collected;
18), shell is collected: all shells are exported by second double-deck vibration 14 upper layer of screening machine, fall into collection In hopper, carry out being blown into cashew nut shell working area 20 by blower 15;
19), kernel promotes conveying: the first double-deck vibration screening machine 14 of the double-deck vibration screening machine 8, second, the shake of third bilayer The kernel that middle layer compass screen surface 30 on dynamic screening machine 10 conveys, falls into magazine elevator, is promoted to color selector 9 by magazine elevator Feed inlet 45;
20), color sorting: opening color selector 9, start to sort, and the impurity of bottom is carried out magazine collection, qualified kernel is fallen Enter to magazine elevator;
21), kernel screens: falling into magazine elevator by the kernel after color selector 9, by conveying hoisting, falls into kernel Screening machine 19 carries out the screening of whole half benevolence of Renhe, is collected respectively;
22), weighing counts;Kernel screening machine 19 is mounted below weighing system, by 19 collective low of kernel screening machine Whole benevolence, Ban Ren carry out standard weights collection, and weighing patch code is carried out after collection, carries out afferent message system after barcode scanning, is carried out artificial Intelligent-counting statistics is calculated by the artificial intelligence of information system, complete to calculate the integrated one day shell cashew nut yield in workshop, often Personal opens shell amount, whole benevolence weight, broken benevolence weight, the complete kernel percent and rate of perfect kernel for calculating integrated workshop cashew nut and peeling off.

Claims (6)

  1. The system integration standard workshop 1. a kind of artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off, including workshop ontology, workshop ontology is interior to be arranged cashew nut kernel Working area (17), cashew nut shell working area (20) and stream of people channel (4), in the workshop ontology also sequentially arrangement be evaporated system (1), Conveyer system, system of peeling off, separation system and color sorting screening system, which is characterized in that
    The system (1) that is evaporated includes the vibration vertical elevator (28) set gradually, digester (21), inclined elevator (22), draining air-dry machine (23) weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26), the setting of the vibration vertical elevator (28) front end count Scanning device;The discharge port (43) of vibration vertical elevator (28) is connected with the feed inlet (45) of digester (21), digester (21) feed opening is located at the top of inclined elevator (22), and the upper end of the draining air-dry machine (23) is provided with driving draining The Power Component (25) of air-dry machine (23) movement;
    The conveyer system includes weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26), and weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26) setting is dripping The upper end setting multiple groups in the exit of water air-dry machine (23), weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26) have enough to meet the need hopper (7);
    The system of peeling off includes multiple groups air pressure decorticator (5) of the setting in weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26) two sides;
    The separation system includes first double-deck vibration screening machine (8) set gradually, winnowing machine (12), the second double-deck reciprocating sieve Select machine (14), third bilayer vibration screening machine (10) and cashew nut shell sorting machine (16), described first double-deck vibration screening machine (8) Achievement outlet be linked into conveyer belt (13), the inferior fruit discharge port (43) of first double-deck vibration screening machine (8) is linked into winnowing machine (12), the discharge port (43) of winnowing machine (12) is linked into second double-deck vibration screening machine (14), the second double-deck vibration screening machine (14) achievement outlet is linked into conveyer belt (13), and air duct is arranged in the shell exit of second double-deck vibration screening machine (14) (18), the outlet of air duct (18) is set to cashew nut shell working area (20), and the achievement of third bilayer vibration screening machine (10) goes out Mouth is linked into conveyer belt (13), and the achievement outlet shell outlet of third bilayer vibration screening machine (10) is linked into cashew nut shell sorting machine (16);
    The color sorting screening system includes color selector (9) and kernel screening machine (19), and the conveyer belt (13) accesses color selector (9) Feeding inlet, the discharge port (43) of color selector (9) accesses kernel screening machine (19).
  2. 2. peeling off system integration standard workshop according to artificial intelligence cashew nut described in claim 1, which is characterized in that cashew nut shell sorting Machine (16) includes chassis (32), and the top setting shaking assembly and bracket of chassis (32), the upper end of bracket, which is respectively set, passes through sieve Lower layer's compass screen surface (31), middle layer compass screen surface (30) and the upper layer compass screen surface (29) that face connecting plate (35) is mutually fixedly connected, the shaking assembly Including driving motor (34) and fixed bearing block (41) in chassis (32) upper end is arranged, fixed bearing block is respectively set on (41) The eccentric wheel (40) and belt pulley (42) being connected by connecting shaft (39), the driving motor (34) pass through with belt pulley (42) Belt (33) is mutually sequentially connected, and eccentric wheel (40) is connected to pull rod (37), and the other side of pull rod (37) passes through connection yielding rubber Block (36) is connected to lower layer's compass screen surface (31).
  3. 3. peeling off system integration standard workshop according to artificial intelligence cashew nut described in claim 1, which is characterized in that winnowing machine (12) Including barrel, feed inlet (45) and discharge port (43) is respectively set in the two sides of barrel, and air inlet (44) are arranged in the lower end of barrel, into Air port (44) external blower (15).
  4. 4. peeling off system integration standard workshop according to artificial intelligence cashew nut described in claim 1, which is characterized in that inclined elevator (22) and the lower end of mesh belt air-dry machine is respectively provided with get water bucket (27).
  5. 5. peeling off system integration standard workshop according to artificial intelligence cashew nut described in claim 1, which is characterized in that air pressure decorticator (5) station (6) are arranged in side, and turnover hopper (7) is placed on station (6).
  6. 6. a kind of peeled off the technique stream in system integration standard workshop using the described in any item artificial intelligence cashew nuts of claim 1-5 Journey, which comprises the following steps:
    1), recognition of face: by employee information typing face identification system of the training after qualified, the employee of input system passes through face Identification, just can enter workshop (2), into related manufacturing procedure;Nonnative personnel cannot pass through recognition of face, Bu Nengjin Enter workshop (2) workshop;
    2), material is into factory: all shell cashew nuts being classified carry out standard weights and enter workshop (2), and each woven bag On post weight count code;
    3), barcode scanning counts: vibration vertical elevator (28) front end is equipped with counting scanning device, transports the shell waist for the standard weights come Weight calculation code is posted on the outside of fruit woven bag, after carrying out barcode scanning, afferent message system;
    4), vibration is promoted: the raw cashew nut after barcode scanning being poured into the hopper in vibration vertical elevator (28), by shaking cloth Uniform feeding is carried out, by shaking vertical elevator (28), mentions into digester (21), entrance is sealed;
    5), boiling: digester (21) lower part Draw off valve is opened, while starting digester (21), when gas fired-boiler reaches certain After pressure, digester (21) steam valve is first opened, while after gas meter is adjusted to 3-4 kilograms of pressure, then open and lead to digester (21) inner valve, digester (21) gas meter are adjusted to 2 kilograms of pressure, clock simultaneously;Boiler Draw off valve is observed whether to outflow Water, etc. water flows it is empty after, first open roller exhaust valve, close Draw off valve afterwards, starting roller is stirred, while noticing that air pressure becomes Change, after 22-26 minutes, boiler air inlet total valve is closed in closed drum stirring, opens drain tap, while tolerance gauge pressure Zero, notices that Draw off valve, which is gone to lower part, to discharge water, water closes Draw off valve after draining;
    6), blowing is promoted: being opened digester (21) drain hole, while being started inclined elevator (22), by digester (21) material Carry out uniform blowing, promotion;
    7), draining air-dries: inclined elevator (22) to draining air-dry machine (23) inlet, beats the cashew nut uniform lift after boiling Draining air-dry machine (23) are opened, fan is opened simultaneously, cooling is blowed, dry up the moisture on cashew nut surface and reduce surface temperature, The water droplet blown off is collected by the get water bucket (27) that draining mesh belt flows into lower section, carries out being discharged into ground by water receiving pipe after collection Ditch;
    8), weighing patch code: draining air-dry machine (23) exit is connected to weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26), barcode scanning rolling bar of weighing By unpowered rolling bar, rolling bar has been placed above turnover hopper (7) for conveyer (26) front, has enough to meet the need hopper (7) for boiling shell cashew nut After filling, unpowered push can be carried out, is pushed to weighing instrument up, carry out weighing patch code, push-in weighing is swept after weighing patch code Code rolling rod conveyor (26);
    9), power transmission and feeding: push-in weighing barcode scanning rolling rod conveyor (26) after turnover hopper (7) weighing patch code carries out Material is carried out feeding, is placed on air pressure decorticator (5) station (6) by power transmission after being transported to position of manually peeling off;
    10), barcode scanning counts: after the turnover hopper (7) of weighing patch code is placed on station (6), passing through air pressure decorticator (5) one The scanning device of side carries out barcode scanning, carries out weight counting, afferent message system;
    11) it, peels off: material being placed in the cutter groove of air pressure decorticator (5), inputted, passed by the signal that foot steps on floor push Enter cylinder to move downward, push type broach is pushed to depress material, shell cashew nut passes through the segmentation of cutter groove inner blade, and cashew nut shell is cut It opens, the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer;
    12), shell benevolence conveys: the material after opening shell falls into lower part magazine conveyer, is promoted by magazine conveyer, promotion is arrived On first double-deck vibration screening machine (8);
    13), primary vibration separation: the shell benevolence mixture after opening shell carries out vibration on first double-deck vibration screening machine (8) and walks material, Wherein cashew nut kernel falls into middle layer by upper layer compass screen surface (29) sieve pore, and the shell benevolence powder being entrained among cashew nut kernel passes through centre Layer compass screen surface sieves, and falls into bottom, and impurity powder is collected by powder by bottom fishplate bar;
    14), selection by winnowing: the cashew nut shell on upper layer, does not open fruit at side fruit, passes through wind into winnowing machine (12) by sieving for compass screen surface Machine (15) are blown, and cashew nut shell is suitable for reading by winnowing machine (12), are fallen into the second bilayer and are shaken screening machine (14), bottom sides fruit, Fruit is not opened, then is blown by blower (15), is blown into third bilayer vibration screening machine (10) and is carried out side fruit by beating bucket Separation of hull from kernel;
    15) it, secondary vibration separation: is carried out using second double-deck vibration screening machine (14) identical dynamic with primary vibration separation process Make;
    16) it, vibration separation three times: is carried out using third bilayer vibration screening machine (10) identical dynamic with primary vibration separation process Make;
    17), shell is classified: by rolling bar grader, by shell, side fruit, not driving capable classification into, shell is collected, is fallen Material bin enters and leaves the second bilayer vibration screening machine (14) by blower (15) and carries out, and side fruit falls into turnover hopper (7) and carries out list Solely collect;Fruit is not opened to export from cashew nut shell sorting machine (16) end, is collected;
    18), shell is collected: all shells are exported by second double-deck vibration screening machine (14) upper layer, fall into collection material In bucket, carry out being blown into cashew nut shell working area (20) by blower (15);
    19), kernel promotes conveying: first double-deck vibration screening machine (8), second double-deck vibration screening machine (14), the shake of third bilayer The kernel of middle layer compass screen surface (30) conveying on dynamic screening machine (10), falls into magazine elevator, is promoted to color by magazine elevator Select machine (9) feed inlet (45);
    20), color sorting: opening color selector (9), start to sort, and the impurity of bottom is carried out magazine collection, qualified kernel is fallen into To magazine elevator;
    21), kernel screens: falling into magazine elevator by the kernel after color selector (9), by conveying hoisting, falls into kernel sieve Machine (19) are selected, the screening of whole half benevolence of Renhe is carried out, is collected respectively;
    22), weighing counts;Kernel screening machine (19) is mounted below weighing system, by kernel screening machine (19) collective low Whole benevolence, Ban Ren carry out standard weights collection, and weighing patch code is carried out after collection, carries out afferent message system after barcode scanning, is carried out artificial Intelligent-counting statistics is calculated by the artificial intelligence of information system, complete to calculate the integrated one day shell cashew nut yield in workshop, often Personal opens shell amount, whole benevolence weight, broken benevolence weight, the complete kernel percent and rate of perfect kernel for calculating integrated workshop cashew nut and peeling off.
CN201910243348.6A 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Artificial intelligence cashew nut is peeled off system integration standard workshop and process flow Pending CN109984344A (en)

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