CN203538304U - Artificial cashew nut husking machine - Google Patents

Artificial cashew nut husking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203538304U
CN203538304U CN201320659495.XU CN201320659495U CN203538304U CN 203538304 U CN203538304 U CN 203538304U CN 201320659495 U CN201320659495 U CN 201320659495U CN 203538304 U CN203538304 U CN 203538304U
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China
Prior art keywords
artificial
cutter
cashew nut
base
decorticator
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Active
Application number
CN201320659495.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱斌
阮向朋
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Shandong Wasdon Agricultural Industrial Park Co Ltd
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Shandong Wasdon Agricultural Industrial Park Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320659495.XU priority Critical patent/CN203538304U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an artificial cashew nut husking machine, which belongs to the field of artificial husking equipment. The artificial cashew nut husking machine comprises a machine frame, wherein a husking device is arranged on the machine frame, is connected with an artificial driving device and comprises a base, a front cutter and a back cutter, the base is fixedly arranged on the machine frame, the front cutter is fixedly arranged on a sliding seat, the sliding seat is glidingly connected with the base through a slide rail, the sliding seat is connected with the artificial driving device through a cam mechanism, the back cutter corresponding to the front cutter is fixedly arranged at one end of a turning shaft, one end, far away from the back cutter, of the turning shaft passes through a front support frame and is connected with a back support frame, the front support frame and the back support frame are fixedly arranged on the base at intervals in the longitudinal direction, and one side of the turning shaft is connected with the artificial driving device through a connecting assembly. The artificial cashew nut husking machine has the advantages that the once-step husking rate is high, the nut completion rate of cashew nuts is high, the operation by workers is simple, and the production efficiency is high.

Description

The artificial decorticator of cashew nut
Technical field
The utility model relates to the artificial decorticator of a kind of cashew nut, belongs to artificial sheller field.
Background technology
The artificial decorticator of cashew nut using at present, once open shell rate low, and cashew nut kernel rate of perfect kernel is low, is not easy operation, and production efficiency is low.
Utility model content
According to above deficiency of the prior art, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: provide one once to open shell rate high, rate of perfect kernel is high, simple to operate, the artificial decorticator of cashew nut that production efficiency is high.
The artificial decorticator of cashew nut described in the utility model, comprise frame, peeling apparatus is installed in frame, peeling apparatus connects artificial actuating device, peeling apparatus comprises base, front cutter, rear cutter, and base is fixed in frame, and front cutter is fixed on sliding seat, sliding seat and base are slidably connected by slide rail, and sliding seat connects artificial actuating device by cam mechanism; The rear cutter corresponding with front cutter is fixed on trip shaft one end, and trip shaft passes fore-stock and is connected with after-poppet away from rear cutter one end, and fore-stock, after-poppet longitudinally spacing are fixed on base, and trip shaft one side connects artificial actuating device by coupling assembling.
While opening shell, cashew nut is placed between front cutter, rear cutter, the front cutter of driving backward cutter direction moves, cashew nut is stepped up, by front cutter and rear cutter blade, cashew nut is opened to shell, drive trip shaft to rotate, rear cutter rotates thereupon, and the upper and lower two parts of cashew nut shell that are cut open separate under rear cutter drives.Thisly open shell side formula once to open shell rate high, the rate of perfect kernel of cashew kernel is high, and workman is simple to operate, and production efficiency is high.
Described cam mechanism comprises cam, swivel plate, be provided with perforate with the corresponding sliding seat of cam, swivel plate is connected by power transmission shaft with cam, swivel plate outer rim arranges through hole and is connected with foot-operated pull bar, and foot-operated tie rod end is provided with elbow accordingly, and elbow is installed in through hole, cam coordinates with perforate, sliding seat moves forwards or backwards with cam rotation direction, realizes seesawing of front cutter, and structure arranges rationally.
Described swivel plate outer rim spacing arranges 1~10 through hole, preferably 4, by being set, multiple through holes are connected with foot-operated pull bar, can regulate the initial angle of swivel plate, and by swivel plate, cam and sliding seat, regulate the distance of front cutter and rear cutter, adapt to the shell demand of opening of different size and different dynamics cashew nuts.
Described sliding seat rearward end correspondence arranges adjusting screw(rod), adjusting screw(rod) is arranged on base, and be connected with whorl of base, be convenient to adjusting screw(rod) length adjustment, adjusting screw(rod) end limits sliding seat sliding distance, thereby the beeline of cutter and front cutter after limiting, avoids the front cutter excessive kernel that causes of exerting oneself to be cut open, raising rate of perfect kernel.
Described fore-stock top is provided with dog screw, on corresponding trip shaft, keeper is installed and coordinates with dog screw, by dog screw, limits trip shaft flip angle, avoids overturning excessive, is difficult for return.
Described front cutter blade edge profiles is ω shape.
Described rear cutter blade edge profiles is circular arc.
Described artificial actuating device comprises left-hand tread plate assembly, right-hand tread plate assembly, left-hand tread plate assembly, right-hand tread plate assembly are hinged on respectively in frame base cross members, right-hand tread plate assembly is connected with coupling assembling by foot-operated pull bar, left-hand tread plate assembly is connected with cam mechanism by foot-operated pull bar, workman can complete the shell of opening of kernel by trampling left-hand tread plate assembly and right-hand tread plate assembly, easy to operate, efficiency is high.
On described foot-operated pull bar, be connected with pull-rod spring, pull-rod spring one end is connected with foot-operated pull bar, and other end connection frame, automatically resets by pull-rod spring.
Two groups of peeling apparatus and artificial actuating device are installed in described frame relatively, increase the working position of single frame, rationally utilize space, increase work efficiency.
Operation principle and process:
During work, cashew nut in shell is placed between front cutter, rear cutter, left foot is trampled left-hand tread plate assembly downwards, left-hand tread plate assembly rotates around its axle center by foot-operated pull bar driven rotary plate, swivel plate is by the rotation of power transmission shaft band moving cam, and cam promotes sliding seat by eccentric rotary and slides backward along base, thus cutter cutter direction motion backward before driving, and cashew nut in shell is clamped and is opened shell, cutter displacement before adjusting screw(rod) limits by sliding seat.Open after shell, left-hand tread plate assembly keeps trampling state, and right crus of diaphragm is trampled right-hand tread plate assembly downwards, and right-hand tread plate assembly pulls trip shaft around its center rotating by foot-operated pull bar and coupling assembling, after trip shaft drives, swivel is moving, under twisting force, the cashew nut shell of opening after shell separates up and down and comes off, and left foot and right crus of diaphragm are removed, left-hand tread plate assembly and right-hand tread plate assembly reset under pull-rod spring drives, corresponding front cutter and rear cutter reset, and cashew kernel are taken off simultaneously, complete a cashew nut and open shell process.
The beneficial effect that the utility model compared with prior art had is:
It is high that the utility model is once opened shell rate, and the rate of perfect kernel of cashew kernel is high, and workman is simple to operate, and production efficiency is high; Can adapt to the shell demand of opening of different size and different dynamics cashew nuts; Structure arranges rationally, makes full use of space, increases work efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model perspective view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model front view;
Fig. 3 is peeling apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 4 is peeling apparatus front view;
Fig. 5 is peeling apparatus top view.
In figure: 1, adjusting bottom; 2, frame; 3, right-hand tread plate assembly; 4, left-hand tread plate assembly; 5, the assembly of peeling off; 6, foot-operated pull bar; 7, pull-rod spring; 8, base; 9, swivel plate; 10, adjusting screw(rod); 11, after-poppet; 12, trip shaft; 13, dog screw; 14, fore-stock; 15, rear cutter; 16, front cutter; 17, sliding seat; 18, cam; 19, coupling assembling.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described further:
As shown in Fig. 1~5, the artificial decorticator of this cashew nut comprises frame 2, two groups of peeling apparatus are installed in frame 2 relatively, peeling apparatus comprises base 8, front cutter 16, rear cutter 15, base 8 is fixed in frame 2, front cutter 16 is fixed on sliding seat 17, front cutter 16 blade edge profiles are ω shape, sliding seat 17 is slidably connected by slide rail with base 8, sliding seat 17 rear end correspondences arrange adjusting screw(rod) 10, adjusting screw(rod) 10 is arranged on base 8, and be threaded with base 8, be used for limiting sliding seat 17 displacements, sliding seat 17 rearward end are provided with perforate, perforate is corresponding with cam 18, cam 18 is arranged on base 8, cam 18 is connected by power transmission shaft with swivel plate 9, swivel plate 9 is arranged on base 8 outsides, swivel plate 9 outer rim spacing arrange several through holes, as 1~10, preferably 4, through hole is connected with foot-operated pull bar 6, corresponding foot-operated pull bar 6 connects end and is provided with elbow, elbow is installed in through hole, swivel plate 9 is connected with left-hand tread plate assembly 4 by foot-operated pull bar 6, left-hand tread plate assembly 4 is hinged in frame 2 base cross members, on foot-operated pull bar 6, be connected with pull-rod spring 7, pull-rod spring 7 one end are connected with foot-operated pull bar 6, other end connection frame 2.The rear cutter 15 corresponding with front cutter 16 is fixed on trip shaft 12 one end, rear cutter 15 blade edge profiles are circular arc, after trip shaft 12 is fixing, cutter 15 ends are cascaded surface, trip shaft 12 passes fore-stock 14 and is connected with after-poppet 11 away from rear cutter 15 one end, fore-stock 14, after-poppet 11 longitudinally spacing is fixed on base 8, fore-stock 14 tops are provided with dog screw 13, on corresponding trip shaft 12, keeper being installed coordinates with dog screw 13, dog screw 13 limits trip shaft 12 rotational angles, avoid upset excessively, trip shaft 12 1 sides connect foot-operated pull bar 6 by coupling assembling 19, trip shaft 12 is connected with right-hand tread plate assembly 3 by foot-operated pull bar 6, right-hand tread plate assembly 3 is hinged in frame 2 base cross members, on foot-operated pull bar 6, be connected with pull-rod spring 7, pull-rod spring 7 one end are connected with foot-operated pull bar 6, other end connection frame 2.
The course of work:
During work, cashew nut in shell is placed between front cutter 16, rear cutter 15, left foot is trampled left-hand tread plate assembly 4 downwards, left-hand tread plate assembly 4 rotates around its axle center by foot-operated pull bar 6 driven rotary plates 9, swivel plate 9 rotates by power transmission shaft band moving cam 18, and cam 18 promotes sliding seat 17 by eccentric rotary and slides backward along base 8, thus cutter 16 cutter 15 direction motions backward before driving, and cashew nut in shell is clamped and is opened shell, cutter 16 displacements before adjusting screw(rod) 10 limits by sliding seat 17.Open after shell, left-hand tread plate assembly 4 keeps trampling state, right crus of diaphragm is trampled right-hand tread plate assembly 3 downwards, right-hand tread plate assembly 3 pulls trip shaft 12 around its center rotating by foot-operated pull bar 6 and coupling assembling 19, after trip shaft 12 drives, cutter 15 rotates, under twisting force, the cashew nut shell of opening after shell separates up and down and comes off, left foot and right crus of diaphragm are removed, left-hand tread plate assembly 4 and right-hand tread plate assembly 3 reset under pull-rod spring 7 drives, corresponding front cutter 16 and rear cutter 15 reset, and cashew kernel are taken off simultaneously, complete a cashew nut and open shell process.

Claims (10)

1. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut, comprise frame (2), it is characterized in that: frame is provided with peeling apparatus on (2), peeling apparatus connects artificial actuating device, peeling apparatus comprises base (8), front cutter (16), rear cutter (15), and it is upper that base (8) is fixed on frame (2), and front cutter (16) is fixed on sliding seat (17), sliding seat (17) is slidably connected by slide rail with base (8), and sliding seat (17) connects artificial actuating device by cam mechanism; The rear cutter (15) corresponding with front cutter (16) is fixed on trip shaft (12) one end, trip shaft (12) passes fore-stock (14) and is connected with after-poppet (11) away from rear cutter (15) one end, fore-stock (14), after-poppet (11) longitudinally spacing are fixed on base (8) above, and trip shaft (12) one sides connect artificial actuating device by coupling assembling (19).
2. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cam mechanism comprises cam (18), swivel plate (9), be provided with perforate with the corresponding sliding seat (17) of cam (18), swivel plate (9) is connected by power transmission shaft with cam (18), swivel plate (9) outer rim arranges through hole and is connected with foot-operated pull bar (6), corresponding foot-operated pull bar (6) end is provided with elbow, and elbow is installed in through hole.
3. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described swivel plate (9) outer rim spacing arranges 1~10 through hole.
4. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sliding seat (17) rearward end correspondence arranges adjusting screw(rod) (10), and it is upper that adjusting screw(rod) (10) is arranged on base (8), and be threaded with base (8).
5. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fore-stock (14) top is provided with dog screw (13), on corresponding trip shaft (12), keeper is installed and coordinates with dog screw (13).
6. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described front cutter (16) blade edge profiles is ω shape.
7. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rear cutter (15) blade edge profiles is circular arc.
8. according to the arbitrary described artificial decorticator of cashew nut of claim 1~7, it is characterized in that: described artificial actuating device comprises left-hand tread plate assembly (4), right-hand tread plate assembly (3), left-hand tread plate assembly (4), right-hand tread plate assembly (3) are hinged on respectively in frame (2) base cross members, right-hand tread plate assembly (3) is connected with coupling assembling (19) by foot-operated pull bar (6), and left-hand tread plate assembly (4) is connected with cam mechanism by foot-operated pull bar (6).
9. the artificial decorticator of cashew nut according to claim 2, is characterized in that: on described foot-operated pull bar (6), be connected with pull-rod spring (7), pull-rod spring (7) one end is connected with foot-operated pull bar (6), other end connection frame (2).
10. according to the arbitrary described artificial decorticator of cashew nut of claim 1~7, it is characterized in that: in described frame (2), two groups of peeling apparatus and artificial actuating device are installed relatively.
CN201320659495.XU 2013-10-24 2013-10-24 Artificial cashew nut husking machine Active CN203538304U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320659495.XU CN203538304U (en) 2013-10-24 2013-10-24 Artificial cashew nut husking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320659495.XU CN203538304U (en) 2013-10-24 2013-10-24 Artificial cashew nut husking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203538304U true CN203538304U (en) 2014-04-16

Family

ID=50456495

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320659495.XU Active CN203538304U (en) 2013-10-24 2013-10-24 Artificial cashew nut husking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203538304U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106235346A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-21 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Manual Cashew nut decorticator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106235346A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-21 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Manual Cashew nut decorticator

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