CN205914417U - Tea leaf color selector - Google Patents

Tea leaf color selector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205914417U
CN205914417U CN201620960720.7U CN201620960720U CN205914417U CN 205914417 U CN205914417 U CN 205914417U CN 201620960720 U CN201620960720 U CN 201620960720U CN 205914417 U CN205914417 U CN 205914417U
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China
Prior art keywords
finished
semi
discharging
conveyer belt
separation chamber
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CN201620960720.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林振传
王用生
刘华
何丽梅
张大贵
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FUJIAN PINPINXIANG TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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FUJIAN PINPINXIANG TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tea processing equipment field, aim at provides a tea leaf color selector, tea leaf color selector, including frame, feed mechanism, vibrations feed mechanism, sorting room, main slide, finished product discharge mechanism and semi -manufactured goods discharge mechanism, feed mechanism is including track, feeder hopper, conveyer belt and the motor of rising, the track that rises slopes to set up, the feeder hopper sets up in the track bottom of rising, the conveyer belt is installed in the track that rises, the conveyer belt surface is followed the length direction interval and is provided with the baffle that more than one was parallel to each other. The utility model has the advantages of through adopting foretell structure, replace choosing of mechanical equipment such as manual work and stalk -sorting machine to pick the operation on the refined process flow of tealeaves, solution tealeaves is refined to be chosen when picking the operation cost expenses of labour and the not good difficult problem of effect, improves work efficiency and quality, and reduce cost is showing and is improving productivity.

Description

A kind of tea color sorter
Technical field
This utility model is related to tea-processing equipment field, particularly to a kind of tea color sorter.
Background technology
Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis refine manufacturing procedure, are required different and otherwise varied according to material characteristic and sample tea, even if identical teas, Because traditional handicraft difference also has sizable difference.But either the refined processing of which kind of tea, typically all can pick and pick work Sequence.It is mixed into stalky tea in raw tea, secondary matter tea and non-teas field trash, pick operation and reject mainly by picking.Pick and pick operation and mainly pass through Mechanically or manually screen, reject stalk in product for the Folium Camelliae sinensis, muscle, pornographic movie and other debris, reach the cleanliness needed for sample tea Require.Famous-brand and high-quality Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis, the cleanliness requirement to sample tea is very high.During tea leaf refining, manually pick that to remove miscellaneous be time-consuming But very crucial operation.Pick and pick the bottleneck that operation is quality and cost control in tea leaf refining.Due to Machine Design With reasons such as performances, it is undesirable that the picking of the conventional equipment such as step-type tea stem separating machine, electrostatic stalk extractor picks effect.Famous-brand and high-quality Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis pass through many Secondary machine picks, and but still needs to hand-sort and is assisted.Pick by hand that tea expense accounts for that famous-brand and high-quality Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis refine cost 10% 15%.Long-term with Come, mechanical and manually many, the high cost that enterprise uses in this operation, time-consuming.In recent years, under the artificial harvesting quality of tea fresh leaves Fall and mechanical picking increase, and in Folium Camelliae sinensis, the quantity of stalk, pornographic movie and non-tea field trash increases therewith it is therefore desirable to one kind is high performance It is more suitable for famous-brand and high-quality Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis and picks the equipment picking picking quality and reduction picks and picks cost to improve to pick.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome drawbacks described above, provides a kind of screening effect good tea color sorter.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of tea color sorter, including frame, feed mechanism, vibrations feeding mechanism, separation chamber, main skid, finished product discharging Mechanism and semi-finished product discharging mechanism;
Described feed mechanism includes ascending track, feed hopper, conveyer belt and motor, and described ascending track is obliquely installed, institute State feed hopper and be arranged on ascending track bottom, described conveyer belt is arranged in ascending track, described conveyer belt outer surface is along length Direction is arranged at intervals with the dividing plate that more than one is parallel to each other, and described conveyer belt both sides are provided with rubber shirt rim, and described motor drives Transmission belt rotates;
Described vibrations feeding mechanism includes transverse vibration device and switching hopper, and described transverse vibration device is arranged on switching hopper On;
Described separation chamber includes image collecting device, control device, air jet system and air compression plant, and described image is adopted Acquisition means are electrically connected with control device, and described air jet system is arranged on below image collecting device, described air jet system and air Compressor connects, and the control valve of described air jet system is electrically connected with control device;
The quantity of described separation chamber is three, and described three separation chamber from top to bottom install in frame successively, described master Slideway is inclined in frame and passes through three separation chamber, and the corresponding three separation chamber positions of described main skid are provided with three half one-tenth Product discharging opening, described air jet system is arranged towards described semi-finished product discharging opening;
Described ascending track top is arranged on above switching hopper, and described switching hopper is arranged on above main skid, described Finished product discharging mechanism is connected with main skid bottom, and described semi-finished product discharging mechanism is connected with semi-finished product discharging opening.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: by using above-mentioned structure, in the process for refining flow process previous generation of Folium Camelliae sinensis Pick operation for picking of plant equipment such as artificial and stalk pickup machines, solve tea leaf refining and pick to pick that operation is time-consuming and the difficulty of effect on driving birds is not good Topic, improves work efficiency and quality, reduces cost, and up to more than 95%, error-sorting rate is 8% about although finer to Folium Camelliae sinensis sorting net rate Pick by hand and pick also slightly gap, but pick and pick efficiency still up to more than 300kg/h, pick than manually and pick more than 300 times of raising, significantly carry High labor productivity, in terms of charging, employs the feed form that feed mechanism adds vibrations feeding mechanism, Folium Camelliae sinensis flow is adjustable Section, be effectively prevented stifled tea, leakage tea, broken the problems such as, and simple to operation, and Folium Camelliae sinensis connect without people's hand-sort tea Touch, it is to avoid craft picks the potential pollution picking, thus relatively sanitary cleaning, reached clean, standardize processing.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the front view of this utility model embodiment tea color sorter;
Fig. 2 is the cut-away view of this utility model embodiment tea color sorter.
Label declaration:
1st, frame;2nd, feed mechanism;3rd, shake feeding mechanism;4th, separation chamber;5th, main skid;6th, finished product discharging mechanism;7、 Semi-finished product discharging mechanism;21st, ascending track;22nd, feed hopper;23rd, conveyer belt;41st, image collecting device;42nd, air jet system; 51st, semi-finished product discharging opening.
Specific embodiment
By describing technology contents of the present utility model, structural features in detail, being realized purpose and effect, below in conjunction with enforcement Mode simultaneously coordinates accompanying drawing to be explained in detail.
The design of this utility model most critical is: selects mode mechanical grading by color, instead of artificial hand-sort, significantly carry High labor productivity, reached clean, standardize processing.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, the tea color sorter of the present embodiment, including frame 1, feed mechanism 2, vibrations charging Mechanism 3, separation chamber 4, main skid 5, finished product discharging mechanism 6 and semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7;Described feed mechanism 2 includes Upward Trendline Road 21, feed hopper 22, conveyer belt 23 and motor, described ascending track 21 is obliquely installed, and described feed hopper 22 is arranged on Upward Trendline Road 21 bottom, described conveyer belt 23 is arranged in ascending track 21, described conveyer belt 23 outer surface interval setting along its length There is the dividing plate that more than one is parallel to each other, described conveyer belt 23 both sides are provided with rubber shirt rim, described motor drives transmission belt to rotate; Described vibrations feeding mechanism 3 includes transverse vibration device and switching hopper, and described transverse vibration device is arranged on switching hopper;Described Separation chamber 4 includes image collecting device 41, control device, air jet system 42 and air compression plant, described image harvester 41 are electrically connected with control device, and described air jet system 42 is arranged on below image collecting device 41, described air jet system 42 with empty Air pressure compression apparatus connect, and the control valve of described air jet system 42 is electrically connected with control device;The quantity of described separation chamber 4 is three Individual, described three separation chamber 4 from top to bottom install in frame 1 successively, and described main skid 5 is inclined in frame 1 and wears Cross three separation chamber 4, corresponding three separation chamber 4 positions of described main skid 5 are provided with three semi-finished product discharging openings 51, described jet dress Put 42 to arrange towards described semi-finished product discharging opening 51;Described ascending track 21 top is arranged on above switching hopper, described switching Hopper is arranged on above main skid 5, and described finished product discharging mechanism 6 is connected with main skid 5 bottom, described semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7 It is connected with semi-finished product discharging opening 51.
Work process of the present utility model is: the crude product matter Folium Camelliae sinensis with impurity is poured in feed hopper 22, conveyer belt 23 Rotate, the Folium Camelliae sinensis that each dividing plate loads equivalent move up, fall on switching hopper, transverse vibration device drives switching hopper shake Dynamic, proceed in main skid 5 after Folium Camelliae sinensis are shakeout, when Folium Camelliae sinensis are through separation chamber 4, image collecting device 41 can gather Folium Camelliae sinensis image, And transfer data in control device, if judging this Folium Camelliae sinensis for the relatively low semi-finished product of rank, postponing setting time Folium Camelliae sinensis Just past opening control valve during air jet system 42, semi-finished product Folium Camelliae sinensis enter in semi-finished product discharging opening 51 under the promotion of air-flow, And then enter semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7, and finished tea then can directly pass through main skid 5, enters in finished product discharging mechanism 6, from Up to it is respectively provided with down three separation chamber 4 and can ensure Folium Camelliae sinensis screening precision, improve product quality.
Knowable to foregoing description, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: by using above-mentioned structure, in the essence of Folium Camelliae sinensis Replace the picking of plant equipment such as artificial and stalk pickup machine to pick operation in technological process processed, solve tea leaf refining and pick that to pick operation time-consuming And a difficult problem for effect on driving birds is not good, improve work efficiency and quality, reduces cost, up to more than 95%, error-sorting rate is 8% left side to Folium Camelliae sinensis sorting net rate Right although more manual picking pick also slightly gap, but pick and pick efficiency still up to more than 300kg/h, pick raising 300 than manually picking More than times, significantly improve labor productivity, in terms of charging, employ feed mechanism 2 plus the feed shape of vibrations feeding mechanism 3 Formula, Folium Camelliae sinensis flow scalable, the problems such as being effectively prevented stifled tea, leakage tea, crush and simple to operation, and Folium Camelliae sinensis are not Through the contact of people hand-sort tea, it is to avoid craft picks the potential pollution picking, thus relatively sanitary cleaning, reached clean, specification Change processing.
Further, the quantity of described semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7 is three, and three described semi-finished product discharging mechanisms 7 are respectively It is connected with three semi-finished product discharging openings 51.
Seen from the above description, the substandard products coarse-fine degree difference sorted out due to three semi-finished product discharging openings 51, using three Semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7 utilizes to different substandard products Classification of Teas, can improve enterprise's capacity benefit.
Further, also include control panel, described control panel is electrically connected with control device.
Seen from the above description, in control panel, three separation chamber 4 are from top to bottom divided into upper strata, middle level, lower floor three Individual level, each level set content includes sensitivity, scab, balances scab, four options of material width, lower floor's upper layer, Middle level has more an aberration option, includes sensitivity, two options of scab, it specifically counts according to different Folium Camelliae sinensis in aberration option again According to being provided that
Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis conventional data:
Sensitivity Scab Balance scab Material width
Upper strata 34±10 52±20 10 255mm
Middle level 10±8 68 10 255mm
Lower floor 10±8 68 13±3 255mm
Lower floor's aberration 35% 50 No No
Silver-needle Pekoe:
Sensitivity Scab Balance scab Material width
Upper strata 28±4 65±5 10 255mm
Middle level 8±3 68 10 255mm
Lower floor 8±3 68 13±3 255mm
Lower floor's aberration 35% 50 No No
White peony:
Sensitivity Scab Balance scab Material width
Upper strata 30±5 60±8 10 255mm
Middle level 8 68 10 255mm
Lower floor 8 68 13±3 255mm
Lower floor's aberration 35% 50 No No
Tribute eyebrow:
Sensitivity Scab Balance scab Material width
Upper strata 34±5 55±8 10 255mm
Middle level 8 68 10 255mm
Lower floor 8 68 15 255mm
Lower floor's aberration 35% 50 No No
Shou Mei:
Wherein:
1st, sensitivity is bigger, Folium Camelliae sinensis pick pick more rough, detection output bigger, finished product cleanliness is less.
2nd, tea grades higher " sensitivity " data is also less.
3rd, for tribute eyebrow and Shou Mei grade Folium Camelliae sinensis, when (main mouth) Folium Camelliae sinensis old leaf is on the high side flatly, by raising " scab " data, Reduce the quantity of (main mouth) old leaf flatly, increase the neat and well spaced degree of finished product and cleanliness.
4th, scab, balance scab data are bigger, select that impurity is fewer, finished product cleanliness is less, and scab, balance scab data are got over Little, select that impurity is more, finished product cleanliness is bigger.
Further, it is provided with lighting, camera lens and colored ccd element in described image harvester 41.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, embodiment one of the present utility model is:
A kind of tea color sorter, including frame 1, feed mechanism 2, vibrations feeding mechanism 3, separation chamber 4, main skid 5, finished product Discharging mechanism 6 and semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7;Described feed mechanism 2 includes ascending track 21, feed hopper 22, conveyer belt 23 and electricity Machine, described ascending track 21 is obliquely installed, and described feed hopper 22 is arranged on ascending track 21 bottom, and described conveyer belt 23 is arranged on In ascending track 21, described conveyer belt 23 outer surface is arranged at intervals with the dividing plate that more than one is parallel to each other, institute along its length State conveyer belt 23 both sides and be provided with rubber shirt rim, described motor drives transmission belt to rotate;Described vibrations feeding mechanism 3 includes laterally shaking Dynamic device and switching hopper, described transverse vibration device is arranged on switching hopper;Described separation chamber 4 include image collecting device 41, Control device, air jet system 42 and air compression plant, described image harvester 41 is electrically connected with control device, described jet Device 42 is arranged on below image collecting device 41, and described air jet system 42 is connected with air compression plant, described air jet system 42 control valve is electrically connected with control device;The quantity of described separation chamber 4 be three, described three separation chamber 4 in frame 1 by Install successively under up to, described main skid 5 is inclined in frame 1 and passes through three separation chamber 4, described main skid 5 is corresponding Three separation chamber 4 positions are provided with three semi-finished product discharging openings 51, and described air jet system 42 sets towards described semi-finished product discharging opening 51 Put;Described ascending track 21 top is arranged on above switching hopper, and described switching hopper is arranged on above main skid 5, described one-tenth Product discharging mechanism 6 is connected with main skid 5 bottom, and described semi-finished product discharging mechanism 7 is connected with semi-finished product discharging opening 51, and described half becomes The quantity of product discharging mechanism 7 is three, and three described semi-finished product discharging mechanisms 7 are connected with three semi-finished product discharging openings 51 respectively, Also include control panel, described control panel is electrically connected with control device, be provided with described image harvester 41 lighting, Camera lens and colored ccd element.
In sum, the tea color sorter that this utility model provides, by using above-mentioned structure, in the refined work of Folium Camelliae sinensis Replace the picking of plant equipment such as artificial and stalk pickup machine to pick operation in skill flow process, solve tea leaf refining and pick that to pick operation time-consuming and imitate The not good difficult problem of fruit, improves work efficiency and quality, reduces cost, up to more than 95%, error-sorting rate is 8% about to Folium Camelliae sinensis sorting net rate, Although more manual picking picks also slightly gap, pick and pick efficiency still up to more than 300kg/h, pick 300 times of raising than manually picking More than, significantly improve labor productivity, in terms of charging, employ the feed form that feed mechanism adds vibrations feeding mechanism, Folium Camelliae sinensis flow scalable, be effectively prevented stifled tea, leakage tea, broken the problems such as, and simple to operation, and Folium Camelliae sinensis without People hand-sort tea contacts, it is to avoid craft picks the potential pollution picking, thus relatively sanitary cleaning, reached clean, standardize plus Work, because the coarse-fine degree of substandard products that three semi-finished product discharging openings are sorted out is different, using three semi-finished product discharging mechanisms to different Substandard products Classification of Tea utilizes, and can improve enterprise's capacity benefit.
The foregoing is only embodiment of the present utility model, not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model, every The equivalent structure made using this utility model description and accompanying drawing content or equivalent flow conversion, or be directly or indirectly used in Other related technical fields, are all included in the same manner in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of tea color sorter it is characterised in that: include frame, feed mechanism, vibrations feeding mechanism, separation chamber, main skid, Finished product discharging mechanism and semi-finished product discharging mechanism;
Described feed mechanism includes ascending track, feed hopper, conveyer belt and motor, and described ascending track is obliquely installed, described enter Hopper is arranged on ascending track bottom, and described conveyer belt is arranged in ascending track, and described conveyer belt outer surface is along its length It is arranged at intervals with the dividing plate that more than one is parallel to each other, described conveyer belt both sides are provided with rubber shirt rim, described motor drives transmission Band rotates;
Described vibrations feeding mechanism includes transverse vibration device and switching hopper, and described transverse vibration device is arranged on switching hopper;
Described separation chamber includes image collecting device, control device, air jet system and air compression plant, described image collection dress Put and electrically connect with control device, described air jet system is arranged on below image collecting device, described air jet system is compressed with air Device connects, and the control valve of described air jet system is electrically connected with control device;
The quantity of described separation chamber is three, and described three separation chamber from top to bottom install in frame successively, described main skid It is inclined in frame and passes through three separation chamber, the corresponding three separation chamber positions of described main skid are provided with three semi-finished product and go out Material mouth, described air jet system is arranged towards described semi-finished product discharging opening;
Described ascending track top is arranged on above switching hopper, and described switching hopper is arranged on above main skid, described finished product Discharging mechanism is connected with main skid bottom, and described semi-finished product discharging mechanism is connected with semi-finished product discharging opening.
2. tea color sorter according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: the quantity of described semi-finished product discharging mechanism be three Individual, three described semi-finished product discharging mechanisms are connected with three semi-finished product discharging openings respectively.
3. tea color sorter according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: also include control panel, described control panel with Control device electrically connects.
4. tea color sorter according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: be provided with illuminating lamp in described image harvester Tool, camera lens and colored ccd element.
CN201620960720.7U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Tea leaf color selector Active CN205914417U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106179998A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 福建品品香茶业有限公司 A kind of tea color sorter
CN107511339A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-26 安徽农业大学 A kind of machine based on machine vision and neural network algorithm adopts green tea classification test platform
CN108097594A (en) * 2018-01-21 2018-06-01 李春威 A kind of tomato sorter
CN111842191A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-10-30 湖北省农业科学院果树茶叶研究所 Sorting mechanism for distinguishing grades of fresh tea leaves

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106179998A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 福建品品香茶业有限公司 A kind of tea color sorter
CN107511339A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-26 安徽农业大学 A kind of machine based on machine vision and neural network algorithm adopts green tea classification test platform
CN108097594A (en) * 2018-01-21 2018-06-01 李春威 A kind of tomato sorter
CN111842191A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-10-30 湖北省农业科学院果树茶叶研究所 Sorting mechanism for distinguishing grades of fresh tea leaves

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